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ridus bave been the devices to improve peat his day book, it would not constitute those that aré not so.

How many of him a good tradesman. Something these have been lost after obtaining some

more than memory is requisite, and that patronage, and how many have been re- something is judgment. Here then arises corded as monuments of human wisdomn, the important question, if the menory or of human fully, I am not prepared to be strengthened, is the judgment improved say, but it appears to me that the princi- as a consequence of it? I apprehend nof. ple of every plan is association. The ce. A child with a menory furnished as Monlebrated Mr. Foote was asked his opinion sieur Von Feinagle's may be supposed to of a gallery of paintings, consisting en- be, could make no use of it, but would tirely of representations of naval battles. be confounded and overwhelmed. Food “Indeed, sir," he observed, "they are must be digested and assiinilated, and all very fine, and what is much in their even incorporaterl, before it strengthens favour they are all alike.” It is precisely and is useful ; it is the same with knows the same with the systems of mnemonics, ledge. A parrot repeats as accurately one leading principle pervades the whole, as a man, and gains as inuch by what it the symbols and characters only are dif- says. If the sentiment be not made the ferent. The dark

and mysterious man's own, when that is done the words Egyptians made use of uncouth and need not be retained. A man at Oxford monstrous figures as records of their ac committed to memory the whole of a tions—the frank and manly Briton, for Greek lexicon-enviable man, what a the same purpose, used harmonivus lan- prodigy of learning! Alas, he was guage : the contrast is striking, and the ideot his mind could appropriate 110feeling it imparts gratifying. What is thing. I have occasionally been invited true of nations is true also of individuais; to the company of gentlemen, the bare each one consults his caste as to the plan inention of whose attainments have filled he adopts to assist his memory, but still me with shame; desirous of profiting by adhering to the common principle of as their knowledge, I have asked them a sociation.

The mathematician makes question, not respecting words, but use of figures; with him numbers are ex. things the answer bas commonly been, pressive of things : a linguist combines Dr. A. has written an excellent treatise letters; no matter what unmeaning word on the subject, and is of such an opinion, he forms, he compels his memory to re. Dr. B. a inan of equal learning, is of an tain it, and each letter is expressive of opposite way of thinking; and there is a an event: a third, fond of anecdote, third class who pursue a middle course. throws events into the form of stories, But pray, sir, I ask, what is your opinion? and in this way his memory is aided : Why, truly, the arguments on each side another ties a knot in his handkerchief, are so excellent, and supported by suck or puts a slip of paper into his snuff box. authorities, that it is difficult to make up A proof of the prevalence of the science one's mind on the subject.--I have noir of mnemonics.--Indeed we meet with it discovered my man he is a inan of mer in every department of life.

mory-mhe can repeat a thousand things, In this hasty sketch I have not enquired but can decide on none; he is learned into the merit of any system, because, but, not wise; should you

wish to know for practical and useful purposes, volun- something of the opinion his neighbours tary associations are insufficient; the tie form of him, you will be told that be is in that binds them together is not strong possession of every sense but common enough, for, in order

to recollect a chair, sense. Thus literature becomes less I am desired to call to mind the Tower esteemed than it ought to be by the pube of Babel; to remember Henry the Eighth, lic. llere I can scarcely refrain from en. I am desired to call to inind eight hens. tering on a defence of literature, and enBut what is to lend my mind in this dis deavour to rescue it from the obloquy rection? Can I not recollect a chair as which mere meinory-inovgers and specua readily as the Tower of Babel? But lative characters have brought upon it; Suppose the art attainable, suppose a per- but I have already occupied too much son, not naturally of a strong meinory, taught to repeat a page of a German Were I asked whether I would recom, book, without knowing the language, by mend the cultivation of the inem.ry as hearing it once read, would such a me. a particular branch of education, I are mory be desirable?' I apprehend not swer, that I would not any more than I For what is the office of memory, is it not would recominend a suit of armour to to supply materials for the judgment? him who wished 10 walk with ease; the Memory then is a mean to an end, it is ordinary habits being amply suficient. not a whole in itself; could a person re- A person who commits to memary is


The memory


Mr. Culhan, on Originality in Composition. [Feb. 1, kke a child sent on an errand, at every small, but it increases in proportion to step it must repeat its message, there is no its cultivation. The great end of edu. thing properly and radically made its own; cation is to strengthen the judgment; for change the words and the thing is new. this purpose mathematics, and metaphyThe man who reads a book with advan- sics, are attended to, and are useful; but tage does not commit the words to me many individuals have neither taste nor mory, but weighs their meaning, and inclination for such studies; to such (and thus judges of the sentiment or the fact. indeed to all) I recommend a plan within It is the judgruent, not the memory, their reach, and of undeviating efficacy. which dignifies a man. Judgment is the In every science there are standard glory that envelopes him, and which co books, read one of these books; at first vers him with a mantle of power; it is it will not be comprehended, but read this which puts a sceptre in his hands, to and dwell upon it, till it is well underwhich every faculty, every passion, pays stood; it inay need a twentieth reading, involuntary homage, and ready tribute. but the effort will amply repay the trou. Suppose the sceptre to have fallen--sup- ble, by enlarging the capacity, and by pose madness to bare assumed the seat making the future pursuit of the science of judgment, and what then is the man? easy. Where this plan has been practised,

is uninjured, but it is use the mind has acquired more elevation, less; a topical memory therefore is not strength, and dignity, than by any other. the basis of a sound understanding, it means I am acquainted with. does not grow out of it, and is but little aided by it. An artificial inemory, take whose system you please, while it sure

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. prises some and mortifies others, enfee SIR, bles the possessor; it heaps upon him a HAT originality of thought should load of heterogeneous materials, which have discovered itself in the prva oppress and render inactive: but the ductions of those who first trod the flow. man who has cultivated his judgment is ery fields of genius, cannot appear surlike a ship upon the ocean, the centre of prising, if we consider the uniformity of a vast circumference, every thing pointo the human intellect, and the similarity of ing towards bim, u bile he noves on calm, effect produced by the impression of exscrene, and dignifieri ; not first in this di- ternal'objects on the sensoriumn. This rection, then in that, then stopping to may in some measure assist us to account appeal to his memory; but his object is for those remarkable coincidences of before him, and he refers to bis judge thought and expression, not unfrequently ment; bere he obtains the means of pos. to be met with in contemporary writers, session; he has no contrary opinions to not only totally unconnected with, but reconcile, no doubts to enteeble ; he re. who even never saw, or heard of each ceives the counsel of others, but he des other. But, if we survey the inventive cides for himself. A sound judgment gives powers of man, and examine with a activity and force to all the other facule scrutinizing eye the productions of human ries, it commands and strengthens them. genius, we shall frequently have occaThe memory is not weak, if the judgment sion to acknowledge the truth of the wise he

strong; but the converse of this pro- man's observation, that “ There is no position is not always true. A well new thing under the sun," and to inquire educatcd man's memory is always sulfi with the same royal preacher, “ Is there ciently strong for his judgment; but sup- any thing, whereof it may be said, 'See, pose that, in the place of cultivating the this is new?' It hath been alreaily of old memory, he were

to cultivate one of time which was before us." I was led these; would it not usurp the place of into this train of reflection the other day, the understanding? Ile would be a drunke while reading a very favourite author, ard, a debauchee, a miser, or he might (Dr. Young) by discovering that some derive his character from soine other of his most beautiful, and, as I till then passion; but every honourable epithet thought, original ideas, were borrowed would be withheld from such an one. from the Apocryphal Book, called the The man of memory does not rank among “ Wisdom of Solomon." The siiniles such, only because his passion is not vi alluded to, are to be found in “ Night cious, whilst this is the case with the Thoughts,” Book I. where the poet is mernory, The judgment is an atom of

representing in glowing colours the fleet. deity within, and all besides is merely the ing nature of human thought, in reference casket; the judgınent is not a given to death; even when some memento mori quantity, but is a gift put into our hands has awakened us to a consideration of ' to improve ; in childhood, the gift is our mortality.



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m." But their hearts wounded, like the To the Editor of the Monthly alugazine.

wounded air Soon close ; where past the shaft, no trace is OUR correspondent wlin sizns him.

found : As from the wing no scar the sky retains ;

that “ before the capiivity, no Jewisho The parted wave no furrow from che keel;

wiiter So dies in human hearts the thought of with the creation or the deluge," and

appears to have been acquainted death."

that the “bouk of Genesis was written The passage which unquestionably furnished the inoral muse with such adinir. by Ezra :" but it would be very dificuld able comparisons, is contained in the

to reconcile the former assertion with fifth chapter of the “Wisdom of Solo. the accouit of the creation contained in mon," and the tenth and eleventh verses,

the fourth commandment, and supposed in which the vaip and unprofitable nature

to bare been communicated inmediately of pride and riches is set forth by several by the Supreme Being to Moses, in which

is declared that “in six days the Lord very just and striking allusions to sensible objects, familiar to common obser- that in them is, and rested the seventh

inade heaven and eartis, the sea and all ration; in what may be termeri a irank confession of the wicked, or serious rc

day;" and these words being so palpably monstrance with their own consciences: analogous to the description of the crear “ 3. What hath pride profited us? or

tion in Genesis, it follows of course, what good hatu riches, with our vaunting,

either that Moses was the author of that bronght us?

book, or that Ezra irad bis account of the 9. All those things are passed away like creation from the 20th chapter of Exa shadow, and as a post that hasteth by;

odus: in either of which cases, the bro 10. And as a ship that passeth over the pothesis advanced by your correspondent waves of the water, which when it is gone must fall to the ground. by, the trace thereof cannot be found, nei

E. T. PilcEIM,

Il’oburn. zler the pathway of the keel in the waves :

11. Or, as when a bird hath flown through To the Edilor of the Monthly Magazine. the air, there is no token of her way to be

SIR, found, but tlie light air, being beaten with

SEND the stroke of her wings, and parted with I


rour sketches of Roform in the violent noise and motion of them, is

Representation, passed through, and thercin afterwards no sign where she went is to be found.”

1. Equal and Universıl Suffrage. But though froin comparing the two

2. Annual Parliaments. passages, thus transcribed, there can be 3. Election by dis!ricts to be begun no doubt but the fact which this letter and finished in one day. was meant to bring before the reader, is 4. The representation to be equalized.. completely established; nameiy, that the by an uniforin proportion through out of aorld is too old for us to expect much the number of volui's to that of

represene originality of thought, even in the greuta

tatives. est and wost admired writers; yet, let no one for a moment inagine it is intended 1. That the towns which I before sized, in the least degree to depreciate the many of which are large and populous, works of genius, because drawn from which formerly sent members to parliae other sources than from the poet's ona nient, have their representation revird; original stock; so far from it, that I and the representation of Scotland and much commend the writer, who, like Ireland be increased in proportion. Young, Thomson,* and others, enricies 2. That where the viiters (which his productions by ideas and simulies should be in all such broughs thus to be drawn from every pure source; but espe- revived, inhabituais resiileni paying .cit cially, and above all, from the purest and lot amount in 2000, they shiribild fuuntuin of truth and wisdoin, the Holy choose two ripresentatives; where fewer Scriptures, from which far more grandeur voters, the diffirence to be made up frwna and beauty flow, than from all the tabled the surrou.'ding hundreds. springs of Castalia or Parnassus.

3. Poll to be taken by parishes or disHenley. R. P. CULIAM.

tricis, of not less than 200 volers in each.

4. The subsisting boroughs wbich chuse * It is well known that the anthor of the representatives at present to be on the " Seasons,” borrowed the idea of his ad. same system, by including the inhabia mired story of Palemon and Lavinia, from

tants of like description in the surrounde. that of Boaz and Ruth.

ing hundreds to complete 2000 voters. Monthly MĄG. No. 351.


5. Cities






Mr. Loff't on Plans of Reform. [Feb: 13 5. Cities which have more than 2000 5. The representatives to receive a sa voters to have their representation in- lary, payable by each county for the creased in proportion, two for every addi. members chosen within it, and to be esti. tional 2000.

mated by a corn rent. 6. Parliaments to be annual; or trieiro If this were at present 400!. per afnial, one third going out yearly, by rotu num to each member, it would amount on tion.

the 4th Plan to 313,2001. or not 3 days of

our present weekly taxation. 1. Article as in Plau ii.

Reinarks. 2. As in ditto,

Of these Plans the first is most consise 3. In the boroughs, consisting of less tent with freedom and justice, most simthan 2000 voters, one representative to be ple, most universally interesting, and least chosen as at present, the other as in arti likely to be vitiated or impaired, if ad pee cles 1 and 2 of Plan ii.

ed. But I fear, while we are still occu4. Any boroughi convicted of corrup pied with such a project, notwithstanding tion in the majority of its vöters, to be our professions of moderation, as the invadisfranchised ; and the elective franchise sion of France, we are not cool and conto be exercised by the principal town, not siderate sufficiently to adopt the best, before possessing it, of the surrounding Plan 11. may be regarded as a consi. district; with the requisite additional vo. derable approrimation. Plan III. as ters from the adjacent hundreds. a compromise with subsisting inequalities 5. As 6 in the preceding.

and abuses; which, by infusing a new

portion of life and spirit into the constio 1. The boroughs to remain as they tution, would go far toward overcoming are, unless in case of disfranchisement their pructical ill effects. And the 4th for corruption. And then as in 4 of Plan, leaving the horoughs, whose repre. the preceding Plan.

sentation is defuultive, as they are, re2. 100 members to be added to the quires and adopts a more copious infusion grepresentation of England and Wales. of extended representation. It changes

3. 34 of these to be chosen by the the least, being simply udditive, but I hen counties at present most deficient in re lieve it changes sufficient to restore vital presentation.

strength and health to the Constitution ; 4. 66 to be chosen by the cities and freedom, independence, and prepongreat towns, which either have none, or a derating purity, to the House of Coma deficient proportion.

The first plan can only take effect 5. The representation of Scotland to, by the general voice of the people in sup. be increased in proportion, by adde port of it; to any of the three others it ing 8.

would be sufficient to have the support of 6. Of Ireland, by adding 17.* a considerable portion of the people in its 7. As 6 in Plan ii.

behalt, the tacit acquiescence of the rest, Gencral Provisions applicable to all the and the adoption of Parliament. PossiPlans.

bly 3 and 5 of the General Provisima 1. No place-man, other than the great will be regarded with jealousy. The proofficers of state, no person holding a sinie. poser is interested in neither; but he becure, no person being pensioned, unless lieves both to be desirable for the public. such pension be on address of Parlia. The people pays its generals, its admirals, ment for public services, to be eligible to its judges, the crown itself; and why not serve in the flouse of Commons,

its representatives in the House of Came 2. No disqualification of voters entic mons? iled as above, except for crime, or for I see not that any thing short of the incotal incapacity,

4th Plan can be adopted with the hope 3. Qualifications of property in the ree of effectul or permanent reform. And presentatives to be done uway, as being if none adequate to this end be adopied, wieless in pructice and wrung in prin- the first will come in its own time and ciple.

manner, unless either anarchy or eiespor 4. Officers of the navy and arr.v, sera tisin prevent it.

CAPEL LOEFT. jrants at law, and king's counsel, and all Troston Hall, Dec. 20, 1813. other persons not before excepted, to be eligible as at present; the great officers of To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. stute vacaling their seats as now, but being capable of re-election.

THERE is not, amongst your nume.

rous readers, one, I will venture to * Making in she whole 783, aftirın, who has entered into the spirit oê



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bad on me,

those excellent protests against war, has some appearance of what I have bee which have at different periods doné fore remarked ; that the writers who cone honour to your iniscellany, inore than test the evident sense of the word duy, myself. I cannot omit the occasion to in this chapter, are principally those recommend a piece on the subject of who do not believe in the inspiration of war, which musi come home to the that sacred book.

Mr. Pilgrim, address heart of every true Christian. I meall sing you, Sir, says:

" Perrit me to offer Reflections on War, hy that eminent a few brief remarks on Mr. De Luc's endivine of the established church of Eng, deavours to reconcile the Mosaic account band, the late William Law, author of of creation, with the organic remains of the Serious Call, and other popular a former world.” works. I enclose you a copy. Should 2. The evdea our whici Mr. Pilgrim Jou think proper to insert it in your Mac intends here particularly to attack, is the gazine, I hope it will have the same ef sense in which I take the word clue in fect on some of them at least, which it the first chapier of Genesis; he waves lo

It so coinpletely convinced reduce these days, in our softwentyn me of the iniquity of war in general, and four hours. But what may be the motive of the wars in which this country has of this attack? If the latter sense was been engaged, during the present reign to be received, it would be then impossiin particular, ihat I challenge any one to

ble to reconcile the Mosaic account of vindicate those wars on Christian prin. creation with the geological phenomena ciples; the only principles, I bey leave to he indicarcs, tam is, the organic renains add, of much consequence, or which of a former wordli but bad he known will be found effectunl for the reforma- Mr. Parkinson's important work on these tion of corruption in church and state. remains, he could be liavr thoughe of I have already published this small tract opposing them to nie. Tliat naturalista in so many ways, that on a moderate having studied with the utmost atione calculation it must have had a hundred tion this class of cocuments of the thousand readers: but your Magazine history of organic beings on the earth; may still considerably increase the cir- and having found their semains caly jin culation. It will not require many pages,

our secondary strata, but none in this and on such an importalit, such an awful of an earlier formation, distinguished liv subject, Christian nations more particii. the name of primary, he saw clearly that larly require constant admonition:-"line they pointed out two distinct periods ira upon line, and precept upon precept."

the existence of 0:18 gms: : this circ:;; Harlow, Jun. 1, 1814. B. FLOWER. stance made him recur !! the espressions

We cannot make room for this tract, of the first chapter of Gencs!:; and lie but as it is sold for only one penny, or te came to the samic conclusion which is pence a dozen, and may be had of Conder, here attacked by dir. Tiigri.., who ilowo Button, and other booksellers, we pres!!

me € know's probably bulletle of the most of our readers will possess themselves subject by his own observations. of it.

3. This pretension, that the drys nt the

first chapter of Genesis meant twentya To the Editor of the Alonthly Magazine. four hours, was first brought forward by SIR,

unbelieving geologists: it was not necesT end paper I took the sary that they should be deeply informed

liberty of sending to you on Mr. of geological phenomena, for opposing Parey's criticism of my Geological Syse many or them, to a succession of opeo tem,'I mentioned having seen in your rations in the cartli as would hav: lncir No. 230, two papers which concern me; performed in six of our days; and thu: the first, p. 17, by Air. E. F. Pilgrim; hey thought to giore, that Genesis was the second, p. 18, signed Simplex; both a füble: but they were silenced when it of which I intended to answer; and I mas demonstratuit, from the very text, begin here by that of Mr. Pilgrim, who that these days wcie to be understood as bas attacked the interpretation which, periods of undeterminer lenghi, whicis in any answer to Common Sense, I gare could only be judged by.he nature of this of the word day, in the first chapter of operations performed in each of them, Genesis, as ineaning a period of unde- I do not pretend to determine what has fermined length, and not one of our days been Mr. Piigrim's botire for again of twenty-four hours.

bringing for:vered that de!eateid objection; 1. The opening of Mr. Pilgrim's paper but I stroll first prove, thai the icnor ne



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