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Foreign Coffee.--Military Anecdotes.

[Fcb. 1, been adopted, that you have omitted of pleasure were daily made to the lines Bristol, though they have plyed for se of Torres Vedras, to drink tea, and veral inonths between it and Bath; and smile at Massena. The perseverance of with such success that a second is to be the French soldier is incredible. In one launched in March.-.We keep forty-one of the actions before Flushing, a slender horses for towing the vessels down the stripling of a conscript was seen leaning river, which might no doubt be done by against a sentry-box, but levelling his steam-boats, and the land necessary to musket. A stout British serjeant came raise food for the horses be applied to up to him, found him pierced with five raise food for man.

bayonet wounds, nobly disdained to Can any of your readers assign a murder him, and wrenching the piece reason why the Chinese bang the rudder from his hands, with some words. of their boats so low that a portion of scorn, conveyed him a prisoner lo of it is below the keel? They are the hospital, wbere, on the next day, not a people likely to persist in a thing he died. which has no allvantage attached to it. A favourite disposition of the French Bristol, Dec. 20.

J. W. troops is in the obtuse wedge form, the

artillery at the point to act upon the. To the Editor of the Monthly Maguzine. centre of their enemy. SIR,

thus present, to a certain degree, only E hear much of the luxurious a feather-edge to the sliot, while their beverage of COFFEE on the

own fire is equally eslicacious. This Continent, but I do not remember to disposition gained the battle of Jena. have seen any of the practicable modes It was atteinpted at Vimeira : but the of making it in the works of travellers English advanced with the bayonet, or others. Perhaps some of your readers under General Ferguson. They were will so far oblige ANCTIIER RIADER.

driven till their artillery remained ja Oct. 20, 1819.

the rear of the advancing British, who

pursued them till Sir Hugh Dalrympla
To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. ordered the bugle to sound a retreat.

In case of disaster of a serious kind,
OU have expressed a desire for their practice is, according to the lan-

communications from the seat of guage of their bulletins, (I quote those war, and the follısısing are the remarks recently issued before Marquis Welo of military men who liave been in action lington's retreat fron Burgos, and conwith the eneiny.

cerning the Russian advance into Ger. At the battle of Corunna, the French many,) in bring up a mass of force never advanced within thrce hundred which shall compel retreat." The cen. yards of the British troops, but retired scription enables them to disregard waste from their charge. Particular English of life; and the perseverance, which is regiments, after having repulser one to make up for lack of other qualities, party of the enemy, found thenselves renders their retreat never to be exa assailed by another, so far as concerned pected while hope remains. They bear foring. When the field was even thought down with an overwhelming force upon to have been cleared of them, a detacha their object; and fresli bodies are rement was descried marching up a lave peatedly pourcd in. If, after all, as at in a new direction, but some artillery Talavera, they are repulsel, they draw being brought to bear upon them, their a new force up immediately afterwards, Joss was enormous, and they effected and at last compel retreat. They disa nothing. Eye-witnesses say, that their guise the intervening events, and then dead lay in leaps. In one of Sir Arthur publish a pompous annunciation of vic, Wellesley's aciions in Portugal, (the tory. This was done at Busaco, (as it earliest) they rushed out of a wood, had been before done at Talavera.) and like bounds, in canvas clothing; and, no one would have known, from their aster disappearing for a short time, re. accounts, thai any battle had ever been turned in uniform. The intention, by fought at the former place. Lord Wels all these manæuvres, was to induce an lington remained six days at Talavera, opinion of such numbers, and such un after the battle, but the French pube wearied perseverance, as to dishearten lished the battle and his retreat, as a the British. It had no success, for contemporary event. If they have no the soldier of chat nation does not es- hope, they throw themselves behind timate that so much as his comforts; their fortresses; they risque no second and it is a well-known fact, that parties actions if they can avoid it. Tbey


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must have numbers, or their plaus are the truth is, that, like the Goths and deemed abortive. If they are thus Vandals, they wear them out by numa confident, they will persevere till they bers. Feeble ininisters base of late been succeed.

the fashion ; at least it is the taste ac Bonaparte has been justly blamed for court: but had the opinions of eminent not attending to the importance of irre- oficers been regarded, this war would gular cavalry. They surround and cut have long ago terminated, in the actual off detachments of 1, 2, or 3000 men, inability of the Emperor Napoleon to if ever separated from the main body; subdue bis enemies.' The English mea convoys of provisions, &c. One hundred thod of fighting his troops would have and fifty thousand cavalry were prepared soon quieted hiin; and as it has been for him, had he proposed to proceed to successfully practised by the German India, i. e. if he could have found ma Legion in our service, it might have gazines for such an expedition in the been so out of it. English tactics, in desert, &c. The excellence of the substance, consist in a good position, British artillery is rarely known. Salt- an adı:nirably served artillery, a fire petre being of nearly equal value with of infantry at about forty yards, followa dirt in India, bets are frequently laid ed by an irruption with the bayonet, to throw shells, so as to burst, at one, which drives them behind their artillery, .two, three, or inore feet from the ground, and leaves them no resource but in among cavalry. Skill of this kind cost numbers and reserves. At least this has Marmont his arm. The battle of Sala- been the general practice of Marquis manca was won by the infantry breaking Wellington, AN OLD OFFICER. them with the bayonet, and the immediate irruption of the cavalry prevent. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazines ing their power to form again; oi berwise SIR, they would certainly have retreated to $ your valuable miscellany seems. battle, and renewed the action, by firing, to the circle of society in a collective Marmont said, that the cannon taken point of view, or connected with india by the English were eleven, which had vidual weal, I address to you the suba been dismounted. How came that about? joined recipe for Odontalgic. A specific Probably he thought that the English, is not to be expected where the exciting like the Austrians, would patiently en. causes are so varied, dure a cannonade for a whole day; but The tinctures of opium, myrrh, and he found, that his enemy only used his horseradish, produce a relief, but an artillery to aid his men; not the men effect evanescent. The ingredients of to support a battle won by the artillery. that your readers, stand The French place voltigeurs and riften recommended by intrinsic worth, and meu upon_little eminences, to fetch the good benetits which, happily, have down the English; but the result com- accrued from the application. Here we monly is, that they are bayonetted. see combined the antiseptic virtues of This kind of troops often accompanies carbon, with the properties of an anothe artillery in an attack upon the dyne, possessing a counteracting warinth, centre; but neither the one nor the and susceptible of allaying the inflama, other has availed much, because the mation concomitant on tooth-ache. method adopted at Salarnanca, before

20 grains camplior, mentioned, renders such a plan nugato 2 ounces tincture balsam of Tolu, ry. As they are themselves unable to

2 ounces tincture simple cinnamon. get rid of the English artillery in any such form as their adversaries practise,

Mix.--A tea spoonful to wash the mouth they are either obliged to break, and with, and to be therein retained as may

be convenient.

J. MURRAY. are so defeated, or to concentrate, and thus give double effect co round and

London, 2012 Jan. 1814. grape, or the diagonaland enfilading fires of the horse-artillery.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, Our -military men speak of French SIR, and of French officers, as men eminent per ounce has lately taken place in ly skilful in the art of war. But they the price of fine gold. claim. impossibilities, in their bragging It fell three shillings on the 4th ult. bulletins. When they fight, their ene and four on the first day of the present mies are only a flock of pigeons; but month, MONTHLY M49. No, 951.



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Ruins of a College at Dumbarton. [Feb. Les The price now charged by the London recovery; now as it is known that one gale tefiners is 5l. 8s. per ounce.

lon of good air only is necessary to sustain Fine silver remains at 75. 6d. Hence, life for a minute, might not some expesilver is become dearer in price than dient be adopted in such cases, for ingold ; the proportion, according to the stance, were a good carter's frock drawn Mint regulation, being nearly as fifteen and tied over a man's head, or a bag, to one; but, at the present prices, an would they not contain a sufficiency of ounce of fine gold is not quite equal to good, and exclude the bad air, so as to fourteen and a half of silver, B.S. enable him to go in and give the neces

sary temporary assistance ? W. To the Editor of the Nionthly Magazine.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. LATELY saw the name of PRIEST. SIR, I Lex classed in a literary miscellany I

AM induced, through your medium, with those of Brothers and Southcott to apply for information from such of but I put it fairly to the public whether your readers who are more acquainted 80 paltry an attempt to degrade the illus. vith ancient Scottish history, particularly trious father of English chemistry, and with the records of the University of St. the discoverer of the Gases, is not more Andrews, and the history of the College degrading to the miscellany alluded to, of Dumbarton, than I am, on a suhject and its writer, than to the great man in respecting which information has been question?

VERITAS. solicited from myself, and which I cannot

give to my own content. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. The subject is the history of a large SIR,

Gothic arch, standing on the north-east the branches of the scarlet-flowered tached from all the other buildings, and French bean, twine round the sticks or denominated by the inhabitants the Col. poles, with which they are sustained, the lege-bor. It seems not to be much nocontrary way to what the sun goes. ticed by modern tourists, although eviWhat the cause of this peculiarity is I do dently the building of which it is said to zot know, neither have I met with any one, be the remains, and chief entrance, must hitherto, who was able to account for it; have been of great antiquity, and perhaps and indeed I think I may say, who ever took celebrity. In part confirmation of its lotice of it before.

antiquity and celebrity, the town to this I remember having once seen our gara day pays some attention in keeping is dener twining the branches of a young standing as a memorial of more ancient plant of this sort round a stick, “ to show splendour. But unless soinething far. it the way it should go,” as he said, though ther be speedily done, which would not in fact he twined it the wrong way, which cost many shillings, the memorial, from he soon perceived by its turning back its present state of decay, through the again.

ravages of time, and dilapidations of the I have also taken notice of several other mischievous, has every appearance of plants of the same genus, and I find they soon tumbling to the ground. turn both ways indiscrisoinately, but the Traditionalaccounts are often vagueand scarlet-flowered French bean turns, invae always uncertain. On enquiring of the riably, the contrary way to the sun. oldest natives concerning it, they tell,


that the college of Dumbarton, of which *** Mr. R. P. Knight has published an

the arch or gateway mentioned is the ingenious theory on this subject, which we

only vestige, was a celebrated seminary of transplanted into our pages in a late Maga- learning, long before the foundation of zine; but our correspondent alludes to some any of the present four Scottish universiphenomena apparently unexplained by that ties. That prior to the years 1454, 1477, gentienian's theory.

and 1582, the dates of the foundation of

the Glasgow, Aberdeen, and Edinburgh, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. universities, it was by royal authority SIP,

appointed an appendage of St. Andrews, HA

AVING often read in public papers the oldest of the four, and called in the

of men going to wells and cellars records of the latter, our Lady Sister where the air was bad, and in conse College of Dumbarton, or some other si. quence animation has become suspended, milar appeliation; and from monarchical, and, from the impossibility of giving im- and other endowments, had more land, megiate assistance, life has passed beyond now a waste and almost useless cominon,


daily inundated by the tides, attached to ports, states, and kingdoms, of the world, it for the exercise, pleasure, and anuse have failed, it becomes essentially neces. ment of the professors, students, &c. $ary, amidst our exertions, to become than the extent of the present college better acquaiuted with South America green of Glasgow.

and other remote regions; not to forget In corroboration also to a certain extent the commerce, markets, and produce of of the traditional accounts, history re a continent, which, however neyiccted lates, that in 1602 the provost, (in Eng, and disregarded, offers to the philosopher, land called lord mayor,) and some of the the statesman, and the merchant, incal.

collegionars” of Dumbarton, rho had culable resources, and which is moreover by some unfortunate fatality gone some situated at a very short distance from us, miles distance to witness a bloody con- On this subject the information lately fict betwixt two contending highland communicated to the public by Mr, clans, were there massacred by one of JAMES GREY JACKSON in his recent tra. the parties.

J.M. vels in Africa, becomes highly interesting, Dumbartonshire.

From the accounts which he has given of To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, relations, there is great reason to conSIR,

clude, that if we could find ineans to URING a late view of IIereford Ca. open and maintain a safe and easy coin,

years old.

the then known world, written and eme and with the rich, fertile, and populous blazoned on vellum, which from the cha- regions in its vicinity, we might acquire a racters employed, and other circum- market that would consume an incalcula. stances, must have been at least 500 ble quantity of our mauufactures. In the

warehouses of Timbuctoo are accumula Those who then possessed this treasure ted the manufactures of India and of were so unworthy of it that I found a Europe, and from thence the immense quantity of glass lanthorns sacrilegiously population that dwells on the Niger is piled against it, and perhaps ere this it supplied; there is no doubt that we could may be defaced or destroyed. If not, it furnish the articles they want upon much ought forthwith to be removed to the lower terms than they can obtain them British Museum, as a curiosity of the at present; and, in return, we should highest order, equalled by nothing of its furnish the best inarket they could have kind in Europe.

for their gold, ivory, gums, and ather rich Should this meet the eye of any anti- products and raw materials. Now it quary in that ancient city or vicinity, a certainly appears to me, and I think it fuller account, and even some sketches of must appear to every man who takes the the original map, could not fail to gratify trouble of investigating the subject, that, your readers. What I chiefly remember provided governinent would give proper is the separation of Great Britain hy support to the enterprise, this important channels of water into three parts, some communication inight easily be establishconsiderable variations of form in the Ba. ed. For this purpose, nothing more is tavian coasts, the rich emblazoning of necessary than to take a fortified station Rome placed in the centre, and the cono upon the African coast, somewhere about spicuous display of the isle of Oleron. the 29th degree of north latitude, near Geology, history, and geography, may be the confines of the Morocco dominions, to served by rescuing this relique from ob. serve as a safe magazine or emporium for scurity, or total destruction.

merchandise. From this station it would London, Nov. 18, 1813. CAMDEN. be easy to maintain a direct correspong *** Our correspondent will find some

dence with the opulent merchants of particulars of this map in Gough's Topogra

Tinbuctoo; regular caravans might be phical Antiquities—but further particulars established, to depart at fixed periods : will be acceptable.

the protection of the Arabs can at all

times be purchased at stipulated prices, Po the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. which may be considered as premiums of SIR,

insurance, or as a tax for convoy; and Ta time when Europe appears to thus, in a little time, these caravans might and commerce and intercourse between buctoo, with as much regularity and safe. different countries appear to revive, and ty, and with less expence, than our fleets the attempts to cut off all communication convey our goods to and froin the West between Great Britain and the various Indiese The expence of such a fortitied


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Pestalozzi's Method of Instruciion. (Feb. 1, Station as is here proposed would be very others who are or may be fellow sufferers. anoderate in comparison with the advan- with myself, should share the benefit of it. tages it would produce, and it would be January 19, 1814.

W.R. easy to draw out a plan for it; but I do not think it would be proper to go into To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. detail here--non est hic locus. It has been well observed, that “commerce is PERSON who has the instruction. the key of Africa ;” and I shall only add of youth very much at heart, would that if the plan I have suggested were thank any of your correspondents who carried into execution, those interesting can inform him as to the reception which regions of Africa that have heretofore the works of the late Mr. Clarke, of baffled the attempts of curiosity and en- Hull, have met with in the different see terprise, and remained for so many ages minaries? Likewise as to the reception a sealed book to the inhabitants of which Stirling's Edition of some of the Europe, would soon be explored and laid Classics, for the use of schools, has obopen. This is an olject that cannot be tained? And also, in regard to experiändifferent to a prince who has 90 evi- enced benefits in the Interrogative System, dently evinced a desire to patronise sci- lately adopied in many considerable ence, and who is undoubtedly desirous schools? to encourage, to facilitate, and to increase still further the vast geographical To the Editor of the Alonthly Magazine. discoveries which have added such lustre SOR, to the reign of his angust fai her. 1

SUALL feel obliged by any of

your Vasco DE GAMA. réaders who may have it in their

power, and will take the trouble to give To the Editor of the Monthly Ilaguzine. me information respeciing Pestalozzi, SIR,

whom Madame de Siael, in her very inA

your Magazine circulates more ex- teresting work on Germany, informis us,

tensively in foreign countries than has formed and put in practice a system any other production of the English press, of instruction, what greatly assists the I call the attention of the growers of young mind in its progress towards knowFRUIT in SPAIN, PORTUGAL, the LEVANT, ledge. We are not informed where this and AZORES, to the imperfect and inade ry valuable inember of society resides, quate inanner in which Great Britain and nor how long his establishment has been áll northern countries are supplied with formed: he is much occupied, it seems, the unpreserved fruit of the south. Fo. with the poorer classes, and considers it reign grapes fetch at this time in London of importance to provide them with safe four shillings and sixpence, per lb. of and proper means of instruction; his pen sixteen ounces; oranges, twelve and fifteen is therefore devoted to their service, and shillings per hundred; and chesnuts, at the same time that truth and morality twelve shillings per peck: and, eren at are inculcated, the various situations and these rates, they are not plentiful. circumstances of hun ble lite are painted What an opening for a large fortune exists with a force and warmth of colouring, in the more rapid and abundant supply of which cannot fail to be interesting and articles so desirable in these climates! attractive to them. Windsor, Dec. 20.

POMONA. In the slight sketch with which Mad.

de Stael hay lavoured us, of his systein of To the Editor of the Monthly Magosine. instruction, we are struck with some SIR,

poinis of resemblance to that introduced A

FTER passing many an hour of pain into this country by Mr. Lancaster.

and uneasiness froin a bad tooth, Yet in some respects it seems essentially which I was advised not to have extract to differ; neither reward nor punishinent ed, I was reconimended by a friend to excite to the attainment of excellence : make use of the following remedy, which and not even the display of the greatest he stated to be infallible. Take the inside talents is suffered to encroach on the perof a nut-gall, and put a small piece into fect equality that pervades this school of the hollow tooth, which is to be removed 150 children. Emulation and fear, which. and replaced by another bit about every have been made the master springs of the halt Hour, so long as any white matter Lancasterian, and of Dr. Bell's system, comes away with the piece taken out, are here unknown. The reflection of As my friend, as well as myself, have Mad. de Staut upon this fact is beautiful: found this remedy, not a temporary,

but " Combien de mauvais sentimens sont a permanent cure, I feel desirous wat épargiés à l'homme quand on eloigne da


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