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twenty miles annually, and continued to 'trition, but the stones of which it is formproceed with hunabating fury, being ed are very smooth, particularly the stopped neither by rivers nor mountains. large Aints, which are very numerous. No 'effectual means had been found Then white clay about two feet- thick ;
prevent their increase. The yellow. next chalk, the thickness not ascertained. bearded wheat alone withstand its ra- I particularly requested the principal vages.in
workman to jake great care of what he your Magazine for January last is a in future found that was curious, when copy of a letter addressed to Sir Joseph the pit was again opened, as I have no Banks, respecting some wonderful orga- doubt but many organic remains are to nic remains, found near the river Thames, be found on this spot. such as the bones and teeth of the ele. About three miles above this spot, in phant, hippopotamus, deer, fresh water the parish of Hilton; Dorset, the vale is and marine shells, &c. I therefore take well worthy the attention of the geologist the liberty to send you an account of and mineralogist: beds of bituminous some organic remains that have been schist, or slacy coal, (which will burn Lately discovered in the parish of Dew- freely) may be traced from eight to ten lish, in the county of Dorset, and its via miles, in the uppermost strata of which kimity. There is a hill in the parish of are found the shells of snails, and a great Dewlish which was always supposed to many small cornua amonis. I have dug he farined of chalk: only but last sum- up the remains of some animal, about a er, about one hundred feet above the foot in diameter, which is almost all colevel of the foot of the hill, some sand vered with a thick shell, so cannot be was observed to be drawn out by a mouse; the cornu ammonis, nor is the shell exit was taken notice of, and General Mit- actly like the tortoise; but there area great chel sent workmen to seek for sand, and number of tortoises found at Lower Melabout five feet below the surface they bury, in Dorset, highly petrified; they lie discoverert long pieces of wood, which in beds with the exuviæ of other marine appeared to be of the willow. kind, but animals. In digging clay for making fell into small pieces on being touclied; bricks at Ansty, in the parish of Ililton, they also found two animals, as they sup- my workmen a few weeks ago found, pased, coiled up like a serpent, but about four or five feet beneath the sur which also fell to pieces when handled; face, in a dark-coloured clay, some oys. what the workmen called hands are pre- ter-shells, I believe of the pearl kind. I served, and are something petrified. I have one perfect, both top and bottom have one, and it appears like the upper. shells united, and is in diameter nine jaw of an animal. The bars of the mouth inches, and measures twenty-six inchies are of a deeper colour and more petrified round; it weiglis nine pounds : all the than the other parts, but no teeth visible, shell, both top and bottom, is white and and the whole is a solid mass. I was not pearly, and drops off in scales by the present when they discovered these re- touch, mains, and they are now torn all into At Okeford Fitzpain, a few miles froma small pieces; so I cannot at present posi. Hilton, the parish abounds with slaty tively say whether it is animal or vegeta- coal and oxide of jron : this oxide bas ble matter. The workinen told me that been analyzed, and found to containi they also dug up a bone of an uncommon three grains of fine gold in the pound size, but many people came to see it, and weight. it being rotten, was soon torn in pieces. At the end of the letter respecting I have some of the cellular part of the · fossils, in your January Magazine, bone, but cannot say to what animal it acount of one Mary Howard, buried belongs. The workmen were just come near Shoreditch Church, and when about dowu to some more organized matter, twenty years after hergravewas opened, her when the snow came and prevented flesh was found converted into spermaceti, their further progress. A considerable I once saw an instance of the same kind quantity of matter is now tumbled into in Dewlish Church-gard, the same pathe pit, and has left visible the follow. rish where the fossils have been recently ing stratas of matter. They all basset found. out, having only the green
A very fat woman was buried in that them, dipping more than three feet per church.yard, and about twenty years atfathom into the hill. First chalk about ter her grave was openert, lo bury some three feet thick, white clay about two other person, and I saw a great number feet, sand about three feet, chalk two of large pieces, resembling the fat of feet, gravel three feet: the gravel does not mutton, or sperinaceti, thrown out of the appear to have been ever rounded by at.. grave, che smell of wluch was very disa.
greeable, so that the sight or smell of and it has within very few years been mutton was loathsome to me for a long making a wonderful and encreasing profiine after,
G. HALL, gress, I wish it every success.
But after a century passed in gradually
introducing the conmon inoculation,
and reconciling the people to its adopTo the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. tion, it would be as strange as it would SIR,
be unjustifiable and unpardonable to T THOUGH vaccination, or the com- pass a law that should prohibit the use
mon small-pox inoculation, be nei- of it. ther of them quite such perfect securities Nothing could make it infamous so to as they were thought, against taking inoculate: for laws will not alter opithe small-pox, they are however great nions. And a surgeon who should judge and desirable securities. And vaccina- the common inoculation preferable, and tion is preferable, I think experience therefore administer it, might be erro. bas proved, as being milder and nearly neous, but could not possibly be infaas efficacious, less loathsome, unattend. mous. Nor could parents be so in acte ed by almost any the slightest danger to ing to the best of their judgment tu ses life, and uninfectious. This last is a cure the life and health of their children. great public consideration. For these And as for penalties, what domesticinqui. seasons. I greatly wish to see vaccination sition is to ascertain the fact; and bow is gradually and freely establish itself. the penalty to be enforced?
But I utterly, object to a lately revived It may be proper to provide reasona. proposal, as I did when it was first made, ble penalties against persons under the of prohibiting the common, the small-pox, common inoculated or natural small-pox, inoculation, making it subject to penalties negligently spreading the infection, against the persons who so inoculate which is certainly a misdemeanor at com theinselves, or their relatives, and the mon law. surgeon who inoculates otherwise than
It may be proper, with regard to the with the vaccine.
poor, and I think is so, to pay the éx It appears to me that all this would be pence of vaccination by subscription, perfectly unnecessary, impolitic, unjust, in behalf of those who may be unable to and destructive of the very end proposed, afford that small expence. of proroting paccination in preference to But to go beyond these limits would the inoculation formerly alove in use, and be to pass beyond the bounds burb of now for a considerable time on its de policy and of common right. cline.
And although an act of parliament, The defenders of vaccination cannot such as already mentioned, has been re deny that the common inoculation is a commended to prohibit, under penalties preventative, and is, comparatively to on the parents, friends, and operator, the natural small-pox, a great benefit. and I suppose on the patient if adult, This they do, and upon their own princi- inoculation with the virus of the small ples they must, admit. That there is in pox, I do hope that such an act never their opinion, and in mine, and that of will
, or can, pass. And if it did, I believe many others, a better and a more unex. it would be the means, and perhaps the ceptionable preventative, will not justify only means, of reviving, confirming, and prohibiting that which has been long unboundedly extending, the now almost adopted.
extinguished prejudice against vaccina. If persons do not see all the good that tion.
CĂPEL LOFFT. is allowable, they should be allowed to avail themselves of so much as they do To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.
THE , virus taken from that variola, may spread the infection, the cominon natural tains passages of exquisite beauty; but sipall-pox has a far greater tendency to it cannot be denied, that they shine with spread it.
greater Justre from the obscurity with We have no right to make laws to which they are surrounded. Part of force persons to be inoculated at all. If this obscurity is occasioned by a pethey will not adopt the best mode of inom dantic predilection for barbarous names culation, ihey do, on the whole, a certain and customs, borrowed from the Turks, degree of good by adopting any. 1 and introduced apparently for the sole
As far as caccination can make its way purpose of reminding the reader, that by evidence, by. reason, by persuasion, dis lordship's abode has been with the
ir inoculation for the small.pox, with Thokher poems of Lord Byron, con
sons of Ishmadi. If such information of those who refuse their admiration, must be so frequently repeated, it were The note reminds us of Peter, in the better to prefix it in plain prose, as a " Tale of the Tub," who asseried that running title to each page, and reserve the “this brend was very good muiton," and
Tchocadars,' the Caliongees,' the Mus in proof of it, curses the unbelieving souls selims,' and the Mangabrees,' with their who shall dare to deny his veracity.
Ollahs' and 'Chibouques,' for an improv. Perhaps the line did not require an apo. ed version of Blue Beard. The Childes logy. It is the privilege of the poet to de: and 'Giaurs' belong also to the same af- scribe objects as they affect the mind, rafected family. Surely Lord Byron need ther than the senses; and to regard the not be told that the distinction obtain- feelings with which impressions are ased by visiting remarkable situations is sociated, more than the external qualities a species of celebrity which of all.others by which these impressions are excited. is acquired with the least expenditure To deny the poet this right would be to of intellect. Minds of a lower order may take away the soul of poetry, and to leave court this distinction, and endeavour to in its stead a lifeless corpse. be known from the countries they have The feelings of the poet should howa seen; for if the words, Trojan or Persian, ever have their foundation in nature, and Russian or African,' become connecto be in general harmony with those of ed with their names, they acquire an well-cultivated minds; where this is importance their own genius would wanting, the stile becomes obscure, and never have conferred. It is said too the meaning perplexed. Perhaps traces that these titles bear a higher price in of this defeet may be observed in the: the market, and are more reverenced poems of Lord Byron, to whom Dr. in the Row,' than the backneyed appen. Johnson's censure of Dryden will be dage of LL.D. with or without the sometimes applicable. “He delighted to A double SS of Dr. Pangloss.
tread on the brink of meaning, where The lovers of genuine poetry must wish light and darkness mingle, to approach that Lord Byron would cease to vitiate the precipice of absurdity, and hover our language with these barbarous terms; over the abyss of unideal vacancy." At. that he would leave these abominable the conclusion of the note already refera Turks and Tartars, and tune his harp to red to, we have a prose illustration of Dr. the pains and pleasures of beings with Johnson's remark. “ This passage (says whom their sympathies could be in uni. Lord B.) is not drawn from imagination" son. They want not to be reminded but memory, that mirror which affliction that his lordship has seen Parnassus, for dashes to the earth, and looking down apo without this information they can recog. on the fragments only beholds the re nize hiin as a true high priest of the lection multiplied." In these lines, Aluses. Let me also whisper to his lord-: which have been praised by some, the fie ship, that with his fertile resources he has gures are not only indistinct but incorno excuse for borrowing or stealing rect. The remembrance of a beloved thoughts and lines without acknowledge but lost object is not dashed to the
A poet who compels his. Muse o ground by affliction, it is pressed more write by the surface for a stipulated sum, closely to the heart. who engagés to cover a given quantity of: In the Report of Diseases by Dr. paper with a certain quantity of words, Reid, given in the Monthly Magazine for may be expected to employ the scissars 1809, an image of a siinilar kind is introand the pasic as well as the pen, in order duced with singular propriety and force, to eke out the space required by his em: which may serve to evince that figurative ployer. Lord Byron will not be classed language is neither less poetical nor lest by posterity with poets of this order. fascinating for being philosophically cor“ He makes a solitude and calls it peace."
The doctor describes two cases of Page 46.
mental diseaseOne of thein was an from Tacitus,
instance of extreme imbecility, which « Solitudinem faciunt, pacem appellant."
had been gradually induced by a success
sion of epileptic paroxysms, each of which with other lines, should have been mark took something away, until the mind was ed with inverted commas.
stripped altogether of its energies and en “The mind--the music breathing from her dowments. At length it presented a ta. face." Page 9.
blet froin which was effaced nearly every This is said to be borrowed from Wordse impression of thought, or character of in. worth, but Lord B. has undertaken the tellectual existence. defence of it in a note, in which he de. “The other case was that of a young nounceg on anathema ngainst The taste man who, from indiscreet exposure during
a course of medicine, kas suddenly seized deaconry of Richmond, diocese of York. with delirium, which, on account of an These endowments are first given in the bereditary bias in that direction, is in body of the deeds of appropriation, and danger of settling into a chronic, and afterwards in separate acts. They took perhaps cureless, aberration of the men. place at a late period in the year 1343. tal powers. The mind in the latter in- I am ignorant whether they be registered stance, shattered by disease, may bc in the Archiepiscopal Records at York, compared to the sinall fragments of a in which diocese Notts is; but as many broken mirror, which retain the faculty at this day are not discoverable, to the of reflection, but where, although the great loss and detriment of the vicars, I number of images is increased, there is may perhaps render a service by giving no one entire and perfect representation," publicity to the repository of these three.
I cannot conclude without expressing a Numerous clergy and others are at this wish that Dr. Reid ivould reprint his Re- moment instituting expensive, and often ports of Diseases, with such revision as his fruitless searches for these necessary domore matured practice may suggest; be.. cuments. It is well known to what causes side their value as a medical history, their so frequent absence is to be atthey contain many aphorisms of practical tributed. wisdom, nor are they less distinguished The identity of this Register Book, for for perspicuity and elegance of style than legal purposes, may be questioned, as it for originality of thought. It is impossie is not deposited in an office of records, Ale to peruse these reports without feeling but in private hands. This must be dethat they are the productions of no com- cided by abler judgment than I can mon mind.
R. BAKEWELL. presume to offer. Its internal evidence Robert-street, Bedford.row.
and correspondence with Thoroton's
publication, may perhaps entitle it to To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. The rank of an original. If this be the
case, it appears of considerable impor. COU will highly oblige me by giving tance to the vicars, whose endowments! in your extensively circulated miscellany, point of law, that "tulibus ordinationibus
in the hope they may not prove unaccep. nullum tempus occurrit ;" in other words,
T. L. CURSHAM, M.A. Vicar. of yesterday's production.
this Chartulary be acceptable to any one Bella Valla, alias Beau Vale Priory, Natts. who niay read these pages, I shall be
By accident, the Leiger Book of this happy in giving extracts and translations, religious house is now in my hands. Ic (on account of the abbreviations, on appears perfect in all its parts. From application for that purpose. erery information I am able to collect, no doubt can exist but that it is the same To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. to which Thoroton had recourse in his History of Norts; in his notes to that OUR correspondent Linnæus is mis. work he refers to it, and gives extracts from it, which exactly correspond with one who ever took notice of the peculiar the supposed original.
It commences manner in which the scarlet-flowered in the sixteenth year of King Edward III. French bean twines itself round sticks or at which ciine the Priory was founded for poles. I was led some years ago to ob: Monks of the Cistercian order, and con. serve the direction which scandent plants rains the letters patent for its foundation; take, from seeing the following erroneous ad account of the different properties as assertion in Adains' Summary of Geosigned for its support; conveyances of graphy and History, p. 58. «Of the lands, &c.; exchanges; the internal re. Plantæ contorte, or such as twist round gulations of the house, and what appears other plants, some in climbing follow the of most consequence, and is omitted by direction of the sun, as the scarlet kidThornton, the appropriatious of, and ney-bean, &c. others in climbing follow subsequent endowments of vicarages in a contrary direction, as the black briony. the churches of Grysley, alias Griesley, The former kind are wholesome and nutriand Selston; in the county of Nottingham, tive; the latter noxious, and generally and Farnhem, or Fernham, in the arch- poisonous."
For the Monthly Magazine,
Cape of Good Hope, and the true balance On the RELATIVE HEIGHTS of the MÉDI- of surface would very speedily be reTERRANEAN and the RED SEA, OT ARA- stored."
Such was the opinion of Boscovich; ID T is a certain truth," said the cele. but in it he formed an erroneous judg.
brated geometrician and naturalist, inent, as was established by the French Father Boscovich, in 1772; " that the ge. engineers employed in the expedition to neral balance of the waters on the face Egypt. In a memoir on the communica. of the earth can be deranged only by tion between the Indian ocean and the some extraordinary incident, such as that Mediterranean, through the Red Sea and of an abyss opening on a sudden in the the isthmus of Sucz, it is shown that the bottom of the sea, by which a temporary surface of the Red Sea, at high water of lowering of the surface, over that gulf, spring.tides at Suez, is more elevated would be prorluced.
than the surface of the Mediterranean, "All seas having a communication with taken at low water of spring-tides, at the ocean (excepting the Caspian, and Tineh, the ancient Pelusium, by 9.908 some other smaller internal seas, from metres, or 3 feet English. which no outlet is visible), the general From the same researches it also ape level of the sea must be always maintain. peared that the waters of the Red Sea ed. It is therefore without any reason, night overflow the Delta; and that there not to say absurit, that fears are enter- fore the apprehensions of the ancients tained respecting the opening of a canal, and the moderns on that head are not or other communication, between the without a good foundation. Mediterranean and the Red Sea, as if A difference 'does therefore exist bethereby Egypt and other countries, on tween the level of the Red Sea and that both shores of the Mediterranean, would of the Mediterranean; a fact not easily be inundated and overwhelmed.
explained, but well deserving the atten, “Should the smallest inequality of le- tion of any modern Boscovich. vel in those seas take place, the waters Ipswich, Jan. 1814. INQUISITOR. would soon find their way round the
POPULATION OF MONMOUTHSHIRE, according to the Returns of 1811.
11,766 123543158 361 5,815) 4,812 1,916 30,987 31,140 62,127