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North River, Lake Champlain, and the and supper are found on Saturday evening, St. Lawrence, making such communica- and next day breakfast, dinner, tea, and tion perfectly easy; and, indeed, the supper, that is, exclusive of liquors; and only deficiency at the commencement of every thing is in profusion and of good hostilities, was the imperfect state of the quality; so that an American steam-boat boat on the St. Lawrence, and that only is in fact a moving hotel of the very first affected one line, the cominunication be- class, in which families may be contween the other two places being regular veyed hundreds of miles, at a moderate in the season; viz, when the waters were expence, without trouble, fatigue, or not frozen,

danger. In this country, however, our Why they should be called boats, I rivers are not of that character or maycannot surmise; the Paragon, the last nitude to admit of their establishment to one launched at New York, just before the same extent, nor are they so necessary. war was declared, is the length of a first. There is, by the bye, a species of rate man-of-war; and although not wide ferry steam boat, or rather floatinga in proportion; still the deck is very spa- bridge,, lately constructed at New York, cious. I cannot recollect the precise die and which runs between that city and mensions, but as two tables can be laid on the Jersey shore, likely to be of more it for the accommodation of upwards of 200 practical use in this country, in such sia persons, with sufficient room for the atten. Cuations, for instance, as between Tildants, &c. some idea of it may be formed. bury Fort and Gravesend; or wherBelow these are four cabins, two before

cominon floating-bridge would and two behind the steam-engine, which, interfere with the navigation. I sub with the kitchen, occupies the centre. join a sketch from memory of the one ac The after-cabins are very elegantly fitted New York, and, with a description, it up, with beds, &c. The distance from

may courey to your readers some idea New York to Albany is about 160 miles: of the most commodious method of cross. the boats which leave New York at five ing a wide river like the Hudson; the P.M. on Saturday, alınost tó a certainty distance across the ferry being a mile reach Albany by twelve on Sunday night. and a quarter, which is got over in The fare is seven dollars, for which tea fifteen or twenty minutes.

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This bridge is a large platform laid on On each side the river there is a wharf, two boats, attached together side by side, so constructed as to receive and break yet so as

to admit the single wheels the concussion of this immense body; ishich moves the whole, to work between and to prevent the necessity of its turna them; and the machinery is conipletely ing, it is furnished with a moveable rudinclosed in a wooden building in the der at each end. It is considered so centre of this platforın, so that the pas. safe, that people seldom get out of their sengers, cattle, carriages, &c. are ac- carriages; and the uncommon advania commodated on the railed gallery all tage resulting from this improvement round it. A troop of mounted cavalry, . was so evident and eminently acknowor 500 foot passengers, at one time has ledged, that it was in contemplation crossed on this bridge; and I saw my- immediately, that is, eighteen months self between 70 and 80 head of cattle ago, to construct similar conveyanccs drove into it, and they did not occupy between New York and Long Island, Que side, and scarcely gave it a lieel. across what is called the East river, and

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fühich has, most likely, been done by For the Monthly Magazine. this time, and I hope these hints, POPULATION of Fifty of the PRINCIPAL through your useful and widely circula- Towns in ENGLAND and SCOTLAND, ting miscellany, may lead to the estah. from the REPORT lately printed by Ore lishment of something of the kind on der of the House of Lords. some of our rivers.

ONDON

1 ... 1,009,546

102,987 January 6, 1814.

Glasgow

100,749 Manchester

98,573 To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. Liverpool.

Liverpool......

94,376 Birmingham

85,753 SIR,

Bristol

71,279 BERMIT me to intrude on the atten

Leeds...
tion of your readers the very solemo Plymouth and Dock

62,53%

56,060 şutject of war; and to submit to their Portsinouth and Portsea. 40,567 consideration whether a Christian can be Norwich

•37,256 a soldier, or whethier war can be defend- Greenwich and Deptford. • 36,780 ed on Christian principles.

Sheffield.....

55,840 The following texis taken from the Bi- Nottingham

• 34,253 ble seem to condem war, viz. “ Thou Bath...

31,496 shalt not kill. -No killer hath eternal Dundee....

29,616 lile abiding in him.From whence corne

Newcastle-upon-Tyne •

.: 27,587 wars and fightings among you; coine they Great and Little Bolton

26,79%

94,149 giot from your lusts --Resist not evil.

Coventry

23,787 See that none render evil for evil to any.

Leicester

• 23,146 Be not overcome of evil, but over

Rochester and Chatham

21,729 eome evil with good. Some affirm that Aberdeen

- 21,639 we say, let us do evil that good may come, Paisley

19,937 whose damnation is just.Avenge not Greenock

• 19,043 yourselves, but give place unto wrath.- Eseter

· 18,896 Cursed is the man that trusteti in man, Shrewsbury

18,543 and maketh flesh bis aral.-Casting all York

18,217

Great Yarmouth your care upon him, for he careth for you.

17,977 lle was led as a lainb to the slaughter. Stockport

17,545

l'reston -Christ suffered, leaving us an example

17,065 Perth .

16,9:13 that ye should follow his steps.” And

Wenlock

16,805 killing stands loighi in the N. T. lists of

Oldham

16,690 the inost heinous sins.

Cliester

16,140 I might produce other texts of the same

Blackburn

15,083 kind, more striking than many of the above; Wolverhampton

14,856 hur these, if not to be controverled, are

Wigan

14,060 sufficient to appal a soldier whose con• Sedgely

•13,937 science respects the word of God. Dudley

13,925 OMICRON. Worcester

13,81 Old Machars, Aberdeenshire 19,731 Ipswich

13,670 To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. Derby..

13,043 SIR,

Oxford

•12,931 TOUHAUD has published recently a Colchester

. 12,544 Description of Paris in the nineteenth Carlisle

-12,532 century. Among other things, he conse- Sunderland

• 12,284 crates an entire chapter to hired carriages, Warrington

11,738 and notices the great increase of one- Walsall r..."

11,189, borse hacks. Cabriolets, shut UP post-chaises, with glass.windows, mounen To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, ed on two wheels, drawn by one borse, BSR, and attended by a boy, who drives on a stool attached to the shaft, stand io every of the grand Caledonian canal, now street within call, and are preferred to carrying on from Inverness to Fort Wilo four-wheel carriages, because they carry liam, on so great a scale as to adınit a one or two passengers clieaper and quicko frigate of thirty-six guns to go tbrough it: ør, either by the hour or by the distance. but I have been given to understand, Surely this establishinçoi might deserve that some captains of the navy have said, imitation in Loudun, Y. no captain would undertake to couture

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á ship of war through it; if so, what is for instance, (a peculiarly warm spor) its use, and why throw away so great à there has recently been inade an extehta sum of money as that which I have been sive embankment; the exhalations froin told it has cost, on that which will never which are likely to infect, not only the be of any essential service to the pro- town itself, but every vale in the vicinity. posed end? The Cyclopedia of Dr. Indeed miasmata will occasionally rise Rees says, that above 553,0001. will high enough to reach elevated situations ; have been already expended upon it up this has sometimes been the case at Coto May 1812. This part of the kingdom rinth: and all places thus infected, if we would be much more suitable for such may credit Galen, are visited during the an undertaking by government, and latter part of summer, and till the a1. more likely to pay some interest, than tumnal rains have fallen, with phthisical through by Fort William and Augustus; complaints, agues, intermitting fevers, as this country, or rather the line through jaundice, and dropsy. which it would run, is full of coal, lime, The antidotes to mularia are, however, lead, iron, stone, &c. &c. and unquestie easily obtained, and, generally speakings onably the shortest voyage for the Irish effectual. They consist of lime-kilns and ships to the Baltic, as well as those windmills, within the precincts of newly-, from Liverpool.

made embankments,plantationsof hayand

G. S. Newcastle, Nov. 1, 1813.

lime-trees, * active cultivation, and, above

all, capacious drains, the beds of whicha Io the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, should be continually cleansed, buy the To

.

admission of running water. THE chief amusement of life is

like these, according to British travellers, I set out to explore wary of Latium, in the early ages of the foreign countries, ere I had made myself republic: but it should be remembered properly acquainted with my own. The that the Emissarii, or great drains of the result of this proceeding, however, was, Romans, were so conducted as to ensure it that I saw and examined, among other constant and plentiful current of water things, the various regions of the Con- flowing through them: indeed, the Cloaca tinent infected by Malaria ; and anxious Maxima at Kome is said to bave been to trace the cause of a pest which depo. washed by three streanis resembling pulated, according to Pliny, three and rivers, thirty cities on the Pontine marshes, I If these observations, founded on the threw together a few hasty observations, experience of ages, should prove beneswhich I am induced to publish in your cial to the owners of newly made enexcellent Magazine ; because, since my bankments, and to the persons who remen return to England, I have observed, on side in their neighbourhood, a great pleatravelling tirough its various counties, sure will be added to those I have already the rage for making embankments daily experienced from being increase.

Devon, Jan. 1. A TRAVELLER. It certainly is natural, nay even commendable, in tinies like the present, that Tu the Edilor of the Alonthly Magazine, every father of a famiiy should uvish to augment the number of his acres: buc embankments cannot prove advantageous

REQUEST ynu will insert, for the I

benefit of the public, a mode, which to their owners, unless the newly-gained I have long practiser, of procuring plenty ground be made liealthy. Every person of new-laid eggs at Christmas. who considers the sutject, must admit Let the lens be put upon eggs as early that decaying Organized matter contained in the year as possible, not later than within new embankmets, (especially. March. A huch should be made for the those which border on the sea) becomes hen and chickens, 24 inches long, 12 putrid when rain rapidly succeeds a hot

* Herodian mtorms is that Commodus summer, so that not only the recently enclosed ground, but all the neighbour. retired to Laurentium during the plagne. hood, must, unless proper precautions de

as the sea-air, performed by the ndour of taken, become unwholesome. Exhala bay trees, was considered as an antidote to

malaria.- Herodian, lib. i. 36. tions' from swamps and marshes are The Romans are said to have thought the kuown to produce miasmata, even in the neighlionrhood of lime-trees so condncive to eastern and northern parts of England. health, that, to increase the rapidity of their Whar, therefore, must be their effect in growth, they frequently nourishicd the roots the western counties? Near Exmouth, of these trees with wine.

inches

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inches wide, and 18 high, divided in the denominate sorcery and witchcraft are not middle, so that half may be open and described by the word paguávcebu. Ie half very close; let down a door to keep might be rendered quackery.

R. them very warın in the night, and when it is rainý, or very cold; if made light, it To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. may easily be put under sheller.

SIR, the chickens are to be fed with plenty Toured to "Shew that Mr. Bennett

N 229page 223, I of boiled eggs for 12 or 14 days; if 100 much relaxed, eggs are at all times a was in an error when he asserted that the speedy cure. Chickens hatched early Asiatic sabres were superior to the Euwill be nearly as large as the hen by Mid ropean, especially in the tempering of the summer, and in November and Decem- blade; I instanced one particular artist, her will always lay plenty of eggs, and even in the highlands of Scotland, whio will want to sit upon eggs very early the appeared to me to be a positive proof to Dext spring; this will produce an early the contrary, not to be controverted, hieed of poultry. The best fowls for lay- It is well known that the highlandnien Blige are not very large, and the white are to this day good swordsınen. And ones do not lay so well in cold weather. there can be no doubt that they would. Poultry should roosi very warm in win. keep that valuable art alive among

them ger, and in summer the house should have from one generation to another; I mean air, and be cleaned every week. Many the tempering of the sword blades, which die through drinking dirty water. An gained them so much renown in former earthenware fountain keeps the water ages. cleall, and preserves their health in hot But after all that can be said about weatlier. After three years bens cast that instrument, which exclusively bem their feathers later and later every year, longs to even-handed justice, what are alid are hardly in fuil feather until Deo our swords and sabres of the present day cember or January; seldomi lay eggs un. but as mere skewers, or Lang-kail.gullies, til March or April; and then only 20 or when compared with those of our Hen. So in the season.

rys, and our Edwards; of William Wal. By the above method 6 hens will lay lace, and of Robert Bruce? soine of more eggs than 12 in the usual way. which are to this ray still exhibited in Feb. 12, 1819.

J. S. old towers and castles as objects of great

curiosity. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. Having occasion to be in the country,

a considerable distance from London, NFIDELS have complained that the some little time ago, my curiosity led me

Christian religion, by exciting exces- to visit sone of the old casites, where, sire alarms about the future condition of among other things, the swords of Edward, the soul, drives men into dispiritude: and of Wallace, and of Bruce, were shown to progressively occasions seriousness, low. the inquisitive stranger as some of the ra spirits, lıypochondriasis, and insanity. To rities and antiquities of the place. And resist ihese tendencies men liave recourse I observed that although they had knot to strong drinks, and stimulant drugs; been used for so many ayes, yet the rust and thus bring on themselves intempe- had made no inroads into iheir well-temrate and expensive habits. It would be pered blades. The iron hilts or handles well to find, in the christian canon, an were indeed much decayed, and nearly peadequate preservative against indulgences rished. Is it probable that the best tem. 50. pernicious; and, in our iinproved ver- pered modern sword-blades, or even Mr. sions, to render omgp.cznesce, lot by the Bennett's favourite Asiatic sabres, will word sorcery, (Galatians, v. 20,) which it endure for so many hundred years, as ill represents, but by the world dram- those of our ancestors, without corro drinking, ortobacco-sinoaking. Although ding? distiller spirits and American leaves were Fleet-street. yet unknown, there were poison-inixers, is they were callesi, in all the great cities, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine #bo sold various intoxicating drugs and SIR, drink, analogous to our West Indian tom T has often occurred to me in the kricco and rum. It is this abuse of intoxicating drugs, of opiates, of philtres, and where in all new works are announced aplırodisiacs, against which the apostle that I have never once seen any pro. here inveighs. The practices which we spectus given out fur the publicacion, in

SIP.,

CRISPIN.

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1814.] Early Histories--Provincial Dialects. - Parsonage-Houses. 31 an English dress, of our old original called respectively rig and fur; and, ali historians, as Mathew Paris, Williain of oblique furrow for carrying off surface Malmesbury, the Decem Scriptores, &c.' water is a gaw.fur. A lorse collar is a but we are tantalised with quotations brecham; à back-band is a riy-woodly; from them, that make us the more de- horse trees for ploughs and barrous, sirous to see the whole of the original, swingle Trees. Oats are uits, or yils; which most certainly would find a ready barley usually bear; big is rough. beur; sale; not perhaps if they are printed in peas piz. A set of farm buildings is the extravagant manner of Hollingshead, called a stead, or steading; the strawFroissart, and some other late reprints, yard is the courtin; and sheds are named with one half of the book margin, and hemmels. The cow-house is called byre; paper of the thickness of pasteboard. and the farm house is often named the Newcastle, Dec. 10, 1813. G. A. N. ha, or hall.

OBSERVATOR

Kelso, Sept. 10, 1813,
To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.
SIR,

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.
TT
Twould be a pleasing and useful SIR,
feature of your iniinitable miscellany, N the abstract, of the number and

I , if

your correspondents in different counties, were to send you a list of provin, and of the number of resident iucuina cialisms, and peculiarities of pronuncia. bents, according to the diocesan returns tion, and dialect; and I shall set them for, 1811, among other causes of nonan exanıple, by sending for insertion, aç residence, was the want or unfitness your convenience, the following pårtio of the parsonage-houses. The puber culars of the dialect of the border coun. of parishes in this condition, in each ties immediately north of the Tweed, diocese, inerits record in your valuable The most marked peculiarity in the miscellany.

EPISCOPUS. dialect of Berwickshire is in the pronun- London, Dec. 1, 1813. ciation of the ch, which is usually soften- Licenseil Nonresidents from the want or ed into sh, as a shire for a chair. Yet unfitness of the Parsonage-houses. the sound of sh is sometimes hardened St. Asaph by the prefixion of a t, as tshop for shop; Bangor

*72 and tchuise for chaise. It singularly hap- Bath and Wells

Bristol pens that the Northumberland bur, or.

15 parler gras, never in the least overleaps

Canterbury
Carlisle

11 the boundary between Scotland and

Chester.

43 England, and.consequently las not the

Chichester smallest existence in Berwickshire.

St. David's

35 A few common terms of the ordinary Durham

14 provincial dialect 'may amuse.

14 theep, the ram is called tup; and tup Exeter Hamb, wether lain, wether log, and Gloucester

35 dinmont, express the different

ages.
Hereford

13 In feinale sheep, the ewe lamb, ewe hog, Landaff.. gimmer, and ewe, express their different Lichfield and Coventry

*83 ages. Of black cattle, a young ox and Lincolu...

206

London. heifer are usually named steer and stirk;

Norwich the latter is often called a quay or quey. Oxford

165

12 A young gelding is often called a slaig, Peterborough

34 and a stallion is sometimes called a cus- Rochester.... sor, probably corrupted from courser,.or Salisbury

30 war horse.

Winchester

29 Formerly, in speaking to their horses, Worcester carters employed hup and wind in ordero York

74 ing thein to either side, now mostly highwo and jee; and in calling to stop used

Total

1,068 the incommunicable sound of prroo, now un, or woy. In calling a cow to be To ihe Editor of the Monthly Magazine. milked, hove, hove, often repeated, is

SIR, the ordinary expression; anciently in the Loibians this was prrutchy, and

the places where steam-boats liave prrutchy lady. A ridge of land, and tļie furrow, arę * 47 of these without licence.

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