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contrived to be thrown upon our party. do not go beyond ourselves alone. For Without doubt, if we were guided by us, honour lies no longer in the common common rules, if we yielded to the hor track; our fole object is the triumph of ror with which we are inspired by the the facred cause with wbich we are enidea of being thought to approve, by trufted : but let them be before-hand afour presence, decrees, to which we are sured, that whatever may happen, to averie,' we would fly without delay; we whatever extremities we may be reduced, would, without hesitation, separate from nothing will efface trom our hearts the an Assembly, who have been able to unalterable oath, which irrevocably binds hreak through principles, which they us to the Monarch and to monarchy. had been forced to prelerve. But in cir “ After these confiderations, which apcumstances so fingular, we can neither pear to us founded upon the true interest alime common rules, nor our own sen. of the nation, and the eternal advantage timenis as the basis of our own conduct of the people, essentially dependant on When our principles, our honour, may monarchy, we declare to all f'renchperhaps, in the opinion of a great number, command us to fly, motives more " That, after having constantly oppoimperious ftill exact of us a painful facri- . fed all those decrees which, in attacking fice, that of remaining in a situation Royalty, either in its effence, or in its where we preserve the hope of prevent. privileges, have prepared the people to ing greater evils.

receive without indignation, as witbout “ Before the calamitous epoch at examination, the anti-monarchical prinwhich we are arrived, we could at least ciples, to which these days of anarchy grasp the shadow of Monarchy, we fougit have given birth: upon the wreck; the hope of preserving " That, after having defended till the it juftified our conduct. Now, the lait laft mament, Monarchy underinined in blow has been given to monarehy ; but, its foundations ; in addition to that great motive, we “That, after having seen its ruin comwere bound by other duties. The Mo- pleted by the deliberations of the Na. narch exifts ; he is captive; it is for the tional Assembly; for to attack the perKing's fake that we ought to rally our fon of the Monarch, is to annul Monarftrength; it is for him, it is for his fa. chy, to fuspend Monarchy, is, in fine, to mily, it is for the precious blood of the destrov it ; Bourbons that we ought to remain at the Nothing can authorise us any longpoft, where we can watch over a deposit er to take part in deliberations, which so valuable.

become in our eyes guilty of a crime, We will discharge then this facred which we do not wifh to participate: duty, which alone ought to be our ex “ But that Monarchy existing always cuse, and we will prove, that in our in the person of the Monarch, from whom bearts the Monarch and inonarchy can it is inseparable ; that his misfortunes Dever be separated.

and those of his auguft family, impofing “ But while we comply with this ur upon us a stronger obligation always to gent duty, let not qur Constituents ex furround his augus person, and defend pect to bear us come forward upon any ic from the application of principles other subject. While one interest only which we condemn; we place our sole can force us to fit along with those who honour, our most sacred duty, in defendhave raisee a mil-Thapen republic upon ing, with all our might--with all our the ruins of monarchy ; it is to that in- zeal for the blood of the Bourbons tereft alone that we are wholly devoted. with all our attachment to the principles From this moment the mot profound which our Constituents have transmitted filence, on whatever shall not relate to in us, the intereits of the King and the this subject, shall express our deep regret, Royal Family, and their indcfcafible and at the fame time our invariable op- rights ; pofition to every decree that may be 6. That in confequence we shall conpaflied.

tinue, from the sole motive of not aban“ In fine, lit our constituents turn doning the interests of the person of the their attention to the circumstances in King and the Royal Family, to aflift ac which we are placed ; if, in the present the deliberations of the National Assemmoment, we have not gloried in inarch- bly ; but being reither able to avow ing foremost in the path of honour, our their principles, or recognize the legality Lituation now imposęs both with regard of their decrees, we will henceforth take to them and to ourselves, duties which no part is deliberations which are not

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for their object the only interests which dared to dictate his absolute will to your it now reinains for us to defend.

Representarives, charged by your orders Paris June 29. 1791." to form a Conftitution. The National To the aivove are added the fignatures Assembly lamented the disorders comof two hundred and ninety Members of mitted on the sth of October, and orderthe National Assembly, the first being ed the prosecution of the persons guilty that of the Abhé Maury. Some of them of them; but, because it was difficult to infert additions or restrictions before discover fome rioters amongst such a their names, as is someti nes done to a miultitude of people, they are said to have proteft in the House of Lords, and all approved all their crimes. The Nation the Noblesse insert their titles.

is, however, more juft. It has not reM. Cazales and M. Clermont Tonner: proached Louis XVI. with the violences Te are not anong thé fubfcribers. that have occurred under his reign, and

When the King quitted Paris he left those of his ancestors! hehind him a proclamation addressed

They are not afraid to call to your “To all the French," ftating his reasons recollection the. Fæderation of July. for withdrawing from the capital. To What are the statements of the persons this an answer was published by the Na- who have dictated the letter of the King tional Assembly, from which the follow. with respect to this auguft ad? That the ing passages are extracted :

firit public functionary was obliged to "France would be free, and she shall put himself at the head of the Represenbe fo. It is intended to make the Revoa tatives of the Nation, in the midft of the lution recede, but it recedes not. It is deputies of all the kingdom. He took a une effect of your will, and nothing can

suloina oath to maintain the Conflituretard its progress. It is necessary to ac

tion. If the King does not hereafter decommodate the law to the state of the clare, that his good faith has been fur. kingdon. The King, in the Constitution, prised by seditious persons, he has, of exercises the power of the Royal fanction course, announced his own perjury to the over the decrees of the Legislative holly;

whole world! he is the head of the Executive Power, some inconveniences in his residence at Pa

“ The King is said to have experienced and, in that capacity, causes the laws to ris, and not to have found the fame 'pleabe executed by his Minister. 6. If he quits his poft, although carried no doubt, that a nation ought to regenerate

fures as formerly; by which it is implied, off again this will, the Representatives itself without any agitation, without disturbof the Nation have the right to fupplying, for an instant, the pleasures and indulhis place. The National Assembly has, gences of Courts

. As to the address of conin confequence, decreed, That the seal of gratulation and adherence to your decrees, S:are, and the signature of the Ministers these, they say, are the work of the factiof Justice, thall be added to all iis decrees, ous-Yegno doubt of Twenty-six milto give them the character of laws. As lions of the factious! no order of the King would have been “ It was necessary to re-constitute all the executed, without being counterfigned powers, because all the powers were corby the responsible Minister, nothing was rupted, and because the alarming debts acnecessary hut a simple delegation by the cumulated by the despotism and the disorders Afterbly to authorise him to fiinthe or- of governnient, would have overwhelmed dors, and those only issued by them. In the nation. But does not Royalty exist for this circumstance they have been direct. the people ? and if a great Nat ea obliges iteit by the constitutional law relative to

self to maintain it, is it not solely because a Regency, which authorites them to pero has left to the King this glorious preroga

it is believed to be useful? The constitution frmthe functions of the Executive Power until the nomination of a Regent.

tive, and has confirmed to him the only auBy these measures your Representa- thority which he should desire to exercise. tives hive infured order in the interior Would not your representatives have been part of the kingdom; and to repulse any millions to the interest of one man ?

culpable, if they had facrificed twenty-fix attack from without, they add to the ar “ The decrees upon the subject of peace sný a reinforcement of 'three hundred and war have taken from the King and his thousand National Guards.

Ministers the power of sacrificing

the peo“ Frenchmen! we have no fear in re ple to the caprice of Courts; and the definicalling to your memories the famous day tive ratifications of treaties is reserved to the of the 2 34 of June 1989-that day, on Representatives of the Nation. The loss of which the Chief of the Executive Power, a prerogative is complained of. What prethe first public functionary of the na.ion, rogative ? That of not being obliged to con

fult

[xle the National will, when the blood and with regard to Louis XVI. ; that, in order the fortunes of citizens were to be sacrificed. to obey this decree, it is neceffary quickly Who can know the wish and the interests to decide the fate of that individual; that of the Nation better than the Législative his own conduct ought to afford the basis of Body? It is wished to make war with iin- this decision; that Louis XVI. after having panity; but have we not had, under the accepted the Royal functions, and sworn to antient government, fufficient experience of defend the constitution, deserted the post the terrible effects produced by the ambi- entruited to him; proteited by a written tion of Ministers?

declaration, signed with his own hand, a* Frenchmen! all the powers are orga- gainst this very constitution; attempted by nized; all the public functionaries are at his flight and his direction to deprive of eftheir posts; the National Assembly watches fect the Executive Power, and to overturn over the safety of the state ; may you be the constitution, in conjunction with persons firm and tranquil! One danger alone threat at present accused of that attempt : that his ens as. You have to guard against the fuf- perjury, his flight, his protest, without repension of your labourers--again't the de- curring to the other criminal acts by which lay in the payment of duties against any they were preceded, accompanied, and fol. inflammatory meafures, which commence lowed, amount to a formal abdication of in anarchies, and end in civil war. It is to the constitutional crown entrusted to him : these dangers that the National Affembly that the National Assembly have to decided calls the attention of citizens. In this crifis, in possessing themselves of the Executive all private animosities and private interelts Power, fufpending the powers of the king Mould disappear.

and detaining him in arrest; that fresh pro" Those who would preserve their liberty mises on the part of Louis XVI. to observe Thould shew that tranquil firmness which the constitution cannot afford to the naappalls tyrants. May the factious, who hope tion a fufficient security against a new perto see every thing overturned, find order jury, and a new conspiracy. maintained, and the constitution confirmed, “ Considering likewise, that it would be and rendered more dear to Frenchmen, by as degrading to the majesty of the offended the attacks made upon it! The capital may nation, as injurious to its interests, hencebe an example to the rest of France. The forth to entrust the reins of empire to & departure of the King excited no disorders fugitive, loaded with the complicated guiic there; but to the confusion of the malevo- of perjury and treason : lent, the utmost tranquillity prevails in it. « Demanding formally and specially that To reduce the territory of this empire to the National Assembly receive in the name the yoke, it will be necer.iry to destroy the of the nation, the abdication made on the whole nation! despotism, if it pleases, may zift July by Louis XVI. of the crown, make such an attempt-It will either fail, which had been delegated to him : or at the conclusion of its triumph, will find Declaring (the said undersigned,) that only ruins!”

they will never acknowledge Louis XVI,

nor any other as King-at least, till the maJuly 15. The National Assembly paffed jority of the nation express a wish contrary a decree, acknowledging the inviolability to that of this petition.” of the King's person. This decree has caused great murmurings, and many factious meet

ENGLAND. ings and mobs in Paris, in so much that

BIRMINGHAM, JULY 14. martial law has been proclaimed, and a It having been known that'a number o number of the rioters have been kiiled by gentlemen were to meet to celebrate the

the National Guards. The sentiments of anniversary of the French Revolution, a • these malcontents niay be known from the number of riotous persons assembled, and

following petition, which certain Commis- after the company had dispersed, began to fioners from the Jacobins were employed, break the windows, and afterwards to set on the Iyth, in persuading the multitude to fire to the houfes of those whom they supe fign. No less, it is said, than 40,000 names posed friends to the French Revolution, and hive been subfcribed to it;

in particular to those of the diffenters. The PETITION to the NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. most terrible outrages were committed,

“ The underligned Frenchmen, members which lasted several days, till some parties of the Sovereign, considering that in quef- of military arrived in the town, and the tions involving the safety of the people, it people became quiet. Dr Priestley, Mr is their right to declare their sentiments, in Taylor of Moseiy Hall, Mr Humphreys, order to enlighten and direct their repre- Mr Ryland, &c. were the principal fufferers. sentatives ; there never was any question of The damage done is estimated at 409,000l. more importance than that which relates to Five or six of the rioters lost their lives by the King's fight; that the decree of the 15th the falling of Mr Ryland's house while they of July appoints no measures to be pursued were drinking in the cellars. Dr Priestley L Vol. XIV. No. 79.

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cscaped the fury of the moh, and arrived in destroyed manuscripts, which have been the
London on Monday the authi, whence ise

result of the laborious study of many years,
wrote the following

and which I shall never be able to recomAddress to the Inbabitants of the Town of pose; and this has been done to one who BIRMINGHAM.

never did, or imagined you any harm.

I know nothing more of the hand-bill,
My late Townsmen and Neighbours, which is said to have enraged you so much,
After living with you eleven

years,

in

than any of yourselves, and I disapprove of
which you had uniform experience of my it as much; though it has been made the of-
peaceful behaviour, in the attention to the tensible handle of doing irfinitely more mil-
quiet fiudies of my profeflion, and those of chief than any thing of that nature could
philosophy, I was far from expecting the in- postbly have done. In the celebration of
jeries which I and my friends have lately re the French Revolution, at which I did not
crived from you. But you have been mis- attend, the company assembled on the occa-
Jud. By hearing the difíenters, axed particu- fion only exprefled their joy in the emanci-
larly the Unitarian disenters, continually pation of a neighbouring nation from ty-
railed at, as enemies to the present Govern ranny, without intimating a desire of any
ment in Church and State, you have been thing more than fuch an improvement of our
le l to consider any injury done to us as a own Conftitution, as all lober citizens, of
meritorious thing; and not having been het. every persuasion, have long wilhed for.
ter informed, the means were not attended And though, in answer to the gross and un-
to. Viven the object was right, you thought provoked calumnics of Mr Madan and o-
the means could not be wrong: By the dif- thers, I publicly vindicated my principles
courses of your teachers, and the exclama as a Dissenter, it was only with plain and
tions of your, superiors in general, driuking sober argument, and with perfect good hu-
confufion and damnation to us (which is mour. We are better instructed in the mild
well known to have been their frequent and forbearing fpirit of Christianity, than
pradlice), your bigotry has been excited to ever to think of having recourse to violence;
the highest pitch, and nothing having been and can you think fuch conduct as yours any
faid to you to moderate your pasions, but recommendation of your religious principles,
every thing to infame them; herce, with ia preference to ours?
out any consideration on your part, or on You are fill more mistaken, if you ina-
theirs, who ought to have known, and gine that this conduct of yours

has

any
taught you better you were prepared for e- dency to serve your cause, or to prejudice
very species of outrage; thinking that what It is nothief but reason and argument
ever you could do to spite and injure us, that can ever support any system of religion.
was for the support of Government, and ef. Answer our arguments, and your business is
pecially the Church. In destroying us, you done; but your having recourse to violence,
have been led to think, you did God and your is only a proof that you have nothing better
country the most fubftantial service. to produce. Should you destroy myself as

Happily the minds of Englishmen have a well as my house, library, and apparatus, ten
horror at murder, and therefore you did not, more persons, of equal or superior spirit and
I hope, think of that, though, by your cla- ability, would incantly rise up. If those
morous demanding of me at the Hotel, it is ten were destroyed, an hundred would ap-
probable that, at that time, some of you in pear; and believe me, that the Church of
tended me some personal injury. But what England, which you now think you are fup-
is the value of life, when every thing is porting, has received a greater blow hy this
done to ma e it wretched ? In many cases, conduct of yours, than I and all my friends-
there would be greater mercy in dispatch- have ever aimed at it.
ing the inhabitants, than in burning their Besides, to abuse those who have no pow-
houses. However, I infinitely prefer wat er of making refittance is equally cowardly
I feel from the Spoiling of my goods, to the dif- and brutal, peculiarly unworthy of English-
position of those who have milled you. men, to say nothing of Chriftianity, which

You have destroyed the most truly valu- teaches us to do as we would be done by.-
able and useful apparatus of philosophical in this business we are the sheep, and you
inftruments that perhaps any individual, in the wolves. We will preserve our charac-
this or any other country, was ever posses- ter, and hope you will change yours. At all
sed of, in my use of which I annually spent events, we return you blessings for curses;
large sums, with no pecuniary view whate and pray that you may soon return to that
ver, but only in the advancement of science, industry, and those sober manners, for which
for the benefit of my country and of man the inhabitants of Birmingham were for-
kind. You have destroyed a library corre- merly distinguished.
1ponding to that apparatus, which no mo-

Your sincere well-wisher,

2. time. But what I feel far more, you leave

J: PRIESTLEY. 1791.

The

ten

Ours.

(

I am,

London July 19,}

11

The following are a correct list of the Thongh you be not admitted to a houses destroyed :

equal participation of rights, continue 10 Dwelling houses burned.

Thew yourselves deserving of that favour :

and continue to implore the divine bleiling Dr Priestley's, Fair-Hill. Mr John Ryland's, Birmingham,

on your King and country. For the resi,

hrethren, rejoice, he perfect; be of one mind, J. Taylor's, Esq. Broddefley,

have peace; and the God of peace and of William Ruslei's, Esq., on the Lon'on love shall be with you.

road, Mosley-Hall, some miles from Birming- London; June 14. 1791..

J. CENTURIEN, V. A, ham, Mr Hobson's, near Mosley, Mr Harwood's, Money,

July 13. The first General Court of the

Sierra Leona Company was held at the Mr Hutton's, near Washford Heath,

London Tavern. Sir John Call was voted Mr Cox's, Woodstock.

into the chair, and after confirming Meeting-Houses burned.

fome.preliminary bye laws, which had preNew Meeting, Birmingham,

viously been agreed upon by a Committee, Old Meeting, ditto,

they proceeded to the choice of the follow A Meeting, King's Heath.

ing thirteen Directors :--Granville Sharr,

Esq.--Henry Thornton, Esq.--John King: Houses gutted.

Iton, Esq.-- William Wilberforce, Esq. Sir Mr Hutton's, Birmingham,

Charles Middleton, Bart.--Thilip Sanfon, Mr George Humphrey's, Spark-Brook, Efq.-Jof. Hardcasie, Esq.-Vickeris TayMr Hawke's, Mosley.

lor, El-William Sandford, Esq.-George Some little injury at Hay-Hall; a few Ernst Woolf, Efq.--The Rev. Thomas windows broken, and some small damage

Clarkson--Samuel Parker, Esq.--and Mr

Tho, Eldred. done elsewhere.

The French Revolution was celebrated at London, Edinburgh, and the other princi

SCOTLAND. pal towns, both in England and Scotland, Extract of a Letter from Lerwick, Shetland, without any disturbance.

20th June.

“ Such a fortnight of weather I never reThe following address has been read in member; almost a constant storm ; fo much all the Catholic Chapels in London :

fo, that there has been no intercourse with

the North Illes. There is the moit meianTo all the Faithful, Clergy, and Lasty choly accounts from the fishing boats; a of the LONDON DISTRICT.

certainty of the lofs of eight boats and their “ Dear Brethren,

crews; many other boats loft; several peo“ At length the day is arrived, when I ple have been washed overboard by the sea,

Mr Sanderson has lost three may congratulate with you on the greatest of blessings, the free exercise of our huly boars and their crews, und half of another religion.

boat and crew; Mr Pruce of Urie, one; “ A humane and generous legislature has Mr Edmonton, one; Mr Chyne, one; and seen the oppreffion under which we have another North Maving boat. The accounts laboured, and, by an act worthy of its en

we have are, that there are 54 nien drownlightened wisdom, has redrefled the grieve ed, and above 150 fatherle's children left. ances of which we complained.

God help them! Their prospects are de“ As our emancipation from the preisure plorable. The severity of the weather and of penal laws muft awaken every feeling of northerly wind has deitroyed every fort of a grateful nind, haften to correspondon vegetation in the country, and very soon your part with the benignity of Govern- there will not be a stone-weight of meal to ment. Hasien to give our gracious Sove- fell in Lerwick.” reign that test of loyalty which the legisla

For the unhappy widows and orphans of ture calls for, and to disclaim every princi- these unfortunate people, subscriptions were ple dangerous to society and civil liberty, fet on foot, and feveral liberal collections which has been erroneously imputed to you.

made in Edinburgh and other places., “ Continue to perform a uniform virtuous line of conduct ; giving no offence to any

EDINBURGH. man, that our ministry be not blamed. Provide things good, not only in the fight of

Bridewell and House of Correction. God, but also in the sight of all men, and This day, July 4. in terms of an act paflet an univerfal benevolence ever charac- fed laft' Session of Parliament, a meeting of terise you in the eyes of your fellow-citie the Freeholders of the County took place

within the Parliament House, in order to eL 2

lect

and taken up.

zens.

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