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at the same time told Madame de Neu- M. de Damas had ordered his dragoons
ville, Lady of the Bed-chamber to che to mount, whom the citizens had ablerved | Dauphin, to dress hin, and Madame with some uneasiness in the course of the
Royale being come, went with her, the day, preparing their portmanteaus as for
We are about three hundred, resolved
They alighted several times at the dif- advance one fiep, I will kill you. ferent stages, conversed with those whom M. de Damas ordered his men to dirthey met, and thewed the greateft apo mount, made a feint of returning to his pearance of security and confidence. inn, and set off immediately by another
On Tuesday the 21st, at eleven o'clock road for Varennes, accompanied by two at night, the post-master of Clermont of his officers. In the mean time, the came to M. late Marquis de Villee, now municipal officers had taken fecure meaPrefident of the district of that place. sures, had founded the Tocfin, possessed He told him that a courier had just pal- themselves of the paffages, and cut down fèd who put three louis into his hand, fume fmall bridges. and ordered eleven horfes.
One of the National Guard had fled During his surprife at this generofiry, with the atmost haste to Varennes, in a large voiture, very carefully fhut up, order to give the alarm, and was surarrived, and while he was harneffing the prised to find the King himself arrested. horses, a voice called out to him, “ How Dronet, the poftmaster of St Monehoud, far is it from here to Verdun ?".Three had conceived some fufpicions, in confepofts; this Foucte, and Varennes. M. quence of which, he set out immediatede Damas went to the man who rode ly for Varennes. He communicated firft, drew him on one fide, and conver, thefe fufpicions to the landlord of the fed with him in a very low voice. This' Golden Arms, the inn at which their air of mystery induced the postmaster to. Majesties had stopped, and persuaded him fuppose that the voiture contained fome to detain the voiture. persons of consequence.
He placed himfelf at the entrance of a The Municipality were therefore imo paslage which feparates the upper from mediately informed of it, and the Prefie ihe lower town, and through which the dent went to affeuble the Directory. carriage must go. It appeared he took
* Have you
aim at the poftilion, and ordered him to' His Majer, drank, begged his hoft to Hop: “We are patriots,” said the man, inforın him concerning the situation of “ let us pafs.” “ Patriots or devils, shall the town, faid, that he had fever tasted not pafs bere : if you make one Itep I better liquor, and began'a very familiar thall fire into the carriage.”
conversation with him. He intcg.gated The King bade the poftillion dismouni, him as to his office, the number ch priests and the innkeeper led the carriage back in the places one afked where the Mayor as quietly as posible. A mesleoger was was? i. At the National Assembly." At dispatched to Vancourt, a neighbouring these words the King, for the firit time, village, the inhabitants of which are an shewed fome indignation. hardy race, chiedy nail - makers, and a club here?"_* No, Sir.". " So much much accustomed to "runt in the neįgh the better ; these wretched clubs have bouring woods, so that every man ad destroyed France." a gun. They postested then folves of a During this conversation, the King bridge, which was not guarded by the fewed fume fort of reft efsness and unhoffars of Layun, quartered near it, and easiness, as if he was in a ftate of conthe Nationai Guard, wbo led to arms in Atant expectation. The Queen, at times, an instant, td the avenues to the said a few words indistinctly. M. Lauce bridge, and the quay of a rivulet, which went out frequently, at the request of was almost dry.
the King, to prevent a tumult, and af: One Lauce, the procureur-fondic, said sure the people that it was only a comto a corps which he had got together, of mon traveller. Whenever he left the about so ill-armed citizens “ Neither room, the King faid, “Come back as you, nor ), are toldiers; but I think that, soon as possible ;. I want you, your conin case of an attack, four should stand in verlation is very acceptable. Once he front, and a perpetual fire should be kept said,“ have yoy a bridge here?" Yes, Sir, up by firing in divifions, each fuur retir. but it is so eucumbered with carriages, ing immediately after a discharge, and that you cannot pals it."- '_" Very well, loading in the rear. They had two then I can go over the ford.”- "That is Inall field-pieces, but no cartridges, or worse. I have already faid, that we were ball for them.
in fear of the Austrians, and I have been After these dispositions Lauce, went to obliged to fill tủe bed of the river with find the King, who still thought himself wolf-traps and spikes, so that no horfe unknown. * Sir," said he, “ As you
can pass it."-"
But cannot you clear the may be detained here some time, ac- bridge ? Yes, I will go and give orcept of a more convenient lodging ; per. ders.”. In the mean time, the hufials mit me to conduct
you houle.' had arrived at the bridge, and wished to .“ But why may I not go? here is a pass. it; but the pealants kept a good great deal of turnult about a ftranger; .countenance, and prevented them. They besides, you may see that I have a right retired without firing a musquet. to proceed.” The King then shewed a M. Lauce, who had amused the King, passport figned Louis and Montmorin, in order to give the National Guard time for the Baronnels de Korff, who was going to arrive ; perceiving now that it rained to Fraokfort, with two children, a valet- men (this is the expreffion) thought it de-chambre, and two women. “ Sir," time to tell his Majesty it was day-light, faid the man,,“ We are hear constantly and that he must prepare to return to upon our guard; we apprehend an in Paris. curfion of the enemy; you hear the Toc- Finding it imposible to diffemble any fin ; you cannot be late before day.” longer, the King threw himself in the
The King, without discovering the arms of the Procureur of the community, leaft uneasiness, thanked M. de Lauce for and said, " I am your King, placed in the his attentions ; the Queen, and Madame os capital amid poignards and bayonets: Eliz,beth, leaned upon his arm; the “i come to seek in the provinces, in the King took his children by the hand, and 6 midit of iny faithful subjects, the liberthus they proceeded to the house of the
ty and peace
which you enjoy. I can Sieur Lauct, who is :
Lallow.chandler, « remain no longer in Paris but at the passed through his shop and climbed ina ss risk of my life my family's too," and jo a small room above it. The King, he embraced those who stood around him. with an air of content, asked for some- In vain they pressed him with tears in thing to drink, and his hoft brought him their eyes to return tò the capital. The some Burgundy, with some cheele... idea of danger with which he was im
Pressed detefred him. The Queen shared He placed confiderable forces at every
Queen, Madame Royal, daughter of the
Live the King, the Nation, and the ting the limits of his kingdom. National Assenibly!” resounded from The Royal family paffed the night at all quarters.
Dormans, from whence they proceeded A deputation of the National Assembly very slowly, many
of the National Guard went to Varennes ; upon the road they being on foot, to Meaux. took what information they could collect They wrote from Meaux to the Pre--they took, at the same time, necessary fident of the National Assembly, the 'measures, that the greatest order, the Mayor, and the Commander of the Nam greateft tranquillity and safety, might ac- tional Guard at Paris, to intreat them company the return of the King. to take the neceffary measures to fecurè
They learnt that he was at Chalons, the public tranquilty upon the King's ar, where a numerous body of the National rival, and to lend a body of National Guard was assembled from the neigh- Guards to guard the avenues upon his bouring departments. Desirous that the approach. When they joined the Royal respect due to the Royal dignity Mould Family, they addressed a proclamation be constantly maintained, they gave ora to all the administrative bodies, in order ders that the troops of all descriptions to provide for the lifety of the King's hould affemble wherever they ihould person. Every where they were received Think neceffary.
with the expressions of the greatest zeal They stopped at Dormans, where they and attachment to the public interett; were informed that the King had quit. every where prevailed the greatefi tranted Chalons in his way to' Epernay, but quillity and order, 'united with the firmest they learnt the alarming news that he courage. was pursued-other accounts faid, that They departed from Meaux at half without being pursued, endeavours were pasi fix. The number of the National making to intercept his return and carry Guards successively increased, not only off his perfon.
of horsemen but of infantry. Their proIn consequence of this, M. Damas, gress was obstructed by the immense conwho accompanied them, took all the pre- course of citizens upon the road as they cautions necessary, that every fuch' at- paffed; fo that they did not arrive in tempt might be repelled,
Parig till fevea o'clock, where they placed
the Royal Family," as well as the three and executed it. I informed Monsieur Gardes du Corps, in the Palace of the of it only on the evening of my departure; Thuilleries, under the care of the Com- and it was agreed between us, that we mandant General."
should not purtue the fame route. I gave
orders to the three persons who were: On the 26th, the National Assembly found with me to follow me the fame decreed, that three Commissioners should evening one of them received my orders. he appointed to hear the declarations of The passport which I had with me was the King and Queen, to be taken fepa- necessary to facilitate my journey, and rately, to be laid before the Affembly as the route for Franckfort was not even a foundation for further proceedings. kept. I have made no other protestation
The following is that made by the than the inemorial which I left behind King.
me, and which has been published, in “ I think it neceffary, respecting the which there is no attack againt the print miffion with which you are charged, to ciples of the Conftitution, but only avainft observe to you, that I do not understand the form the decrees not having been submitting to interrogatories; but I will passed together, I could not so well judge. 'willingly, since the National Affembly of their propriety. Texperienced in my requires it, make public the motives journey, that the public opinion was dewhich induced me to quit Paris;-They cidedly in favour of the Conftitution. I were, the threats and outrages commit: did not believe that I could with certain, ted against my family and myself, and ty come at: a knowledge of this fact at which have been circulated in different Paris. Convinced how much it was nem publications ; and all these infults have cessary to give force to the established' remained anpunished. I thence thought powers, as soon as I knew the general: that it was neither fafe nor proper for me will, I did not hesitate to make those fato remain any longer in Paris; but, in crifices, which the welfare of the people, quitting the capital, I never had an inten- always the object of my wishes, requition of going out of the kingdom. I ne red of me,
Louis." ver made, on this fubject, any agreement, either with the neighbouring Powers,
The above declaration was dictated by with my family, or with the French mal his Majesty, and committed to writing contents in foreign countries. My plan by one of the Comıniffioners. After was, to retire to Mont-medi; for which the King had rear! it, and before figning purpofe I had, previously, ordered apart- it, he recollected having omitted to fay ments to be prepared for me there. As '" That the Governess of his children that town is well fortified, I thought I was not informed of the journey till the could not choose a better place for the moment of their departure.? safety of my family. Being near the frontiers, I should have been more at
Declaration of the QUEEN. hand to oppose every invasion of France "I declare, that the King being defi. which might be attempred. I should be rous of quitting Paris with his childçeri, fides have been able to go, with more fa- nothing in nature could have dissuaded ciliry, to those places where my presence me from following him ;, for, that I nemight be neceffary. Another powerful ver will consent to quit him, my whole motive for my retreat was, to put an end conduct for these two years paft has gi. 10 the affertion of my not being at liber. ven fufficient proofs. 'I was confirmed ty. If my intention had been to go into in niy determation to follow him, from a foreign country, I fould not have pub- the confidence and perfuafion which I Jished my memorial before my departure had, that he would never quit the kingI would have done it after I passed the dom. Had he been so inclined, all my frontiers. Befides, thould a knowledge influence would have been exerted to of our intentions be desired in that par- prevent hin.. The Governess of my ticular, let the fame memorial be confult- daughter, who had been indisposed for ed; at the end of which will be seen five weeks, did not receive orders for dewith how much pleasure I promise to parture till the evening preceding - She the Parisians to join then again. As a had not even taken any clothes with her. further corroboration of this, I had in _I was obliged to lend her fome-She my carriage only 13,000 livres in gold, was absolutely ignorant of our deitination. and 56,000l. in affignats. } declare fo. The three couriers neither knew the dieta lemniy, that I was not advifed to this step tination nor the object of our journey by any one, and that I alone proje&cd they were supplied, from time to time,
with money upon the road, and received “ And we ought to declare it, fince our orders as we proceeded. The two we are compelled to refer to the decree femmes de chambre did not receive orders itfelf against which we have protetted, till the moment of our departure-One and against which we still proteft, there of them, whose husband was in the pa- is none of those measures which were not lace, had not an opportunity of seeing him. before prescribed by the conftitution, in Monsieur and Madame separated from the name of which they are taken. The us, and took the road to Mons, only to sacred perfon of the King was declared avoid embarrassment, and to prevent de inviolable: one only case was provided lay from the want of horses upon the for, in which, contrary to all the prinroadThey were to rejoin us in France. ciples essential to Monarchy, it was supWe went out of the palace by passing posed that that inviolability might ceaie. through the apartment of M. Villequier; This case has not yet occurred; neverand, that we might not be perceived, we theless, the King is dragged as a crimiwent separately, and at tome distance of nal into his own capital, made a prisoner time from each other,
in his own palace, and despoiled of his (Signed) MARIE-ANTOINETTE.'' own prerogative. Thus, after having
infringed the inviolability of the King July 3: The National - Afsembly was by decrees, they annul them in order thrown into some confußon by M. de completely to destroy it. Foucauld, who wished to present a re- “ Amidst these outrages offered to the monftrance relating, as was fupposed, Monarch, to his auguft family, and in to the detention of the King, in order to their persons to the whole nation, what prevent which, the fitting was precipi- has become of the Monarchy? The detately broken up by the President. crees of the National Assembly have cen
The following is a copy of what he tered in themselves all the Royal power; kad to present :
the seal of the State has been deposited DECLARATION.
on their table; the decrees are rendered “ Three months have scarcely elapfed executory without requiring fanction : fince we Deputies undersigned, made they give direct orders to all the agents known to our Constituents, our proteft of the executive power ; they impofe, againit a decree, which attacked the fac in their own name, oaths, in which cred principle of the inviolability of the Frenchmen do not even find the name of King's person. The zeal with which their King: Commiffioners, who have remany of us defended it on the 28th of ceived their million fiom them alone, traMarch, the conviction which we enter- versed the provinces, in order to receive tained that it was impossible to violate oaths which they exact, and give direcwith impunity this principle essential to tions to the army; thus, at the moment all Monarchy, are too well justified by at which the inviolability of the King the afflicting spectacle of which we have was annulled, Monarehy was deftroyed; the mistortune to be witness.
the appearance of royalty no longer exift. “ The King and the Royal Family ted: a Republican Interim has succeedconducted as prisoners, by authority of ed. the decrees of the National Assembly; 66 Far from all those, who are aç. the Monarch guarded in his palace by quainted with the rules of our conduct foldiers, not subject to his command; the (and, we believe, there are very few Royal Framily entrusted to a guard over Frenchmen who do not rightly appreciwhom the King has no authority; the ate them,) be the idea that we could conright of directing the education of the cur in such decrees. They are not les Prefumptive Heir to the Throne taken unpleasant to our feelings, than repug from him, who, both as King and Fa. nant to our principles. Never have ne ther, had the most undoubted right, and more severely felt the rigour of our duty, the firongest obligation to direct it; in never have we more lainented the fatal fine, the Monarch, whose inviolability cenfequences refulting from the mission was declared even by the new constitu- with which we were charged, than when tion, suspended by a decree from the forced to remain witnesses of acts, which exercile of his authority; fuch is the af. we regarded as culpable attempts; while 11 cting spectacle, which we and all good those who are moft frequently our organ, Frenchmen lament, and such are the too become timid, for the first time condemnobvious and too fatal consequences of the ed themselves to filence that they might first violation offered to this sacred and not involve the sacred cause in that untuadamen al principle.
popularity which has so ingeniously been