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Above this infcription is his coat westward. These marks até about of arms, surmounted with an Earl's gi feet distant from each other, and coronet, with a spread eagle on the a small part of the north wall, about top of the coronet; field, two lions 3 feet from the west gable, is actually rampant, and two ships ; supporters, built. two griffins : morto; in capitals, com- On the outside of this gable you MIT' THY VERK TO GOD On the top see three large doors, all filled up with of the tomb there is a pine apple. stone and lime, whose lintels and some

In the west gable there has been a of the jams are cut out into foliage very large arched window, now en- and flower-work, and others of the tirely filled ap with stone and lime - jams are figured into pillars, with Opposite to this window, straight up fowered capitals; the fouth pilaster of from the second pillar down from the the south door, and tbe north pilaster face of the altar, is another large of the north door, running up, each arched window, out of which one from its flowered capital, into small could look over the roof of the altat. genteel pillars, equally high in their This window is likewise filled up with capitals with the tops of the inner-side fione and lime, except a small part wall of the chapel. at top. On each pilatter of this last There are several fonts curiously window there are two niches for fta. ornamented, on the outside of the tues, almost as big as the life. west wall; particularly two, one on

Straight up from the capital of each the north, the other on the south of large pillar, in the middle area of the the three doors ; each of which is inchapel, half way up to the top of the closed within two very pretty little high roof, is a niche for a statue. Aowered pillars or spires, ending in top

Round the whole chapel within, is with pieces of sculpture refembling a belt or line of a valt variety of small Houeřed vases. wreathing-work in baflo-relievo, pro- WILLIAM St CLARE, Prince of Ork. ceeding in an horizontal and perpen- ney, Duke of Holdenbourg, Earl of dicular way, the better to humour the Caithness, &c: Baron of Roslin, &c. soles of the windows, but it is arch- the seventh of the name from the days ed over the tops of two doors. of Malcolm Kenmore ; and descended

The inside of the high arched roof of noble parents in France, founded is all cut' out into squares of various this curious chapel or college, for a figures in flower-work, particularly provost, fix prebendaries, and two finge roses, foliage, &c.

ing høys, in 1446, and dedicated it to The welt gable is extended farther St Matthew the Apostle and Evangelist. than the lide walls of the chapel 26 The sacristy or vestry was founded feet south, and as many north; and by his first Lady, Dame Elizabeth on the east side of each extension Douglafs, formerly Counte's of Bua there are two pillars equi-distant from chan, and daughter of Archibald, the one another, and from each corner, second of that name. which have been intended to rin up

Prince William endowed the chas into tutrets or fpires; from all which, pel with the church lands of Pentland, it plainly appears that a much larger four acres of meadow near that town, building has been celizned to the west, with the kips, and cight fowms grass of which the present chapel would in the town of Pentland.-A succesa have only been the choir. And indeed for of his, also William of Roslin, enthe marks of the west gable are verydowed it by his charter of February plain, from whenee the fide walls sth 1523, with fome portions of land were to have been advanced, whose bear the chapel, for dwelling-houses, foundations have been discovered in gardens, &c. to the provost and preplowing up the ground, a good way bendaries, And yet, fuch is the fta.



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bility of human affairs, just forty-eight ten pounds yearly; and rewarded the years after this last endowment, 1571, other workmen with such wages as February 26th, we find the provost their labours entitled them to. and prebendaries . refigning, as by About that time the town of Rollin, force and violencē, all, and every being next to Edinburgh and Hadone of the several donations, into se. dington in all Lothian, became very cular hands unalienably: and withal populous, by the great concourse of complaining, that for many years be all ranks and degrees of visitors, that fore, their revenues had been violent- resorted to this Prince, at his palace, ly detained from them; insomuch or castle of Rollin, for he kept a that they had received little or no be- great court, and was royally served at nefit from them. To this deed of re- his owo table, in vessels of gold and signation, or charter, as it is actually silver; Lord Dirleton being his mastercailed, the seal of the chapter of this houshold, Lord Borthwick his

cupcollegiate church was appended, being bearer, and Lord Fleming his case St Matthew in a kirk, red upon white ver; in absence they had deputies to wax; as also the feat of the then Sir attend, viz. Stewart, Laird of DrumWilliam St Clair of Roslin being a lanrig, Twedie, Laird of Drumertagged cross, red upon white wax. lane, and Sandilands, Laird of Calder. Hay's MS. Memoirs, vol. II. p. 350. He had his halls, and other apart

In the charter of February 5th ments, richly adorned with embroider1523, four altars are particularly ed hangings. He fourished in the named; first, that of St Matthew ; reigns of James I. and II. fecond, that of the Virgin-Mother ; His Princess, Elizabeth Douglass, third, that of St Andrew ; and, fourth, already mentioned, was served by fethat of St Peter: which two last, per- venty-five gentlewomen, whereof fiftyhaps, have been leffer altars placed at three were daughters of noblemen, all two of the pillars; or, rather, I am cloathed in velvet and filks, with their inclined to think, as formerly hinted, chains of gold, and other ornaments S; that the large altar has been divided and was attended by two-hundred into two or three ; which, with the riding gentlemen in all her journeys; high altar, and that of the blessed And if it happened to be dark when Virgin, which has been, I suppose, in the went to Edinburgh, where her the facristy, though there be no vestige lodgings were, at the foot of Blackof it now, made four or five in all.

friars-wynd, eighty lighted torches That this noble design might be were carried before her. In dignity executed according to taste, and with she was next to the Queen. the greater fplendor, the Prince invi- The village of Rollin was erected ted the most accomplished artificers, into a burgh of barony by King James mafons, carpenters, smiths, &c. from II. at Stirling, June 13th 1456, with foreign parts: and that they might be a weekly market on Saturday, a year- . the more conveniently lodged, forly fair on the feast of St Simon and Earrying on the work with the greater Jude, a market cross, &c. The fame ease and dispatch, he ordered them to is confirmed by King James VI. Janubuild the village or town of Rollin, ary 16th 1622, and by King Charles where it now is, nigh to the chapel, I. May 6th 1640. the old one being half a mile dif- The Princely Founder and Entant from its present situation, and he dower of this Chapel died about 1484, gave each of them a house and lands, before the Chapel was finished; which in proportion to character. Besides, was done by his eldest son of the fehe gave to the master-mason forty cond marriage, Sir Oliver St Clare of pounds, and to every other malou Rollin, whose mother was Lady Mare



jory Sutherland, descended of the cannot now come to the knowledge blood-royal, her great grand mother of the total expence, which must have Jean Bruce being younger daughter been a very great sum in those days. of King Robert Bruce. So that the The father was alive for certain in building of this glorious edifice, wor- ' 1476, as we find him granting charthy of a crowned head, though the ters on September the oth of that work of a subject has employed at year, to his fun the foresaid Sir Olileaft' forty years ; and it is a pity we


Review of Boswell's Life of Dr Johnfon : (Concluded from our last.)

N our last we endeavoured to give Magazine. There is something curi

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character and talents of Dr Johnson, early authorship; whoever recollects and of this history of his life by Mr the avidity with which, in the latter Boswell. We proceed now to give days of bis celebrity, his company some account of both, a little more in was fought, will read with a very pedetail.

culiar feeling the fubfcription to one of his lciters to Cave.

• Your's, impranļus, The present work does not seem materially different from those former

Sam. Johnson." ly published on the fame subject, in There is, we believe, scarce a great its narrative of Johnson's birth, child- or a rich man so unfeeling as not to hood, education, or introduction into wish that Johnson had found at his life.


e may except the important table the dinner which he was that circumstance of the present Biogra- day obliged to go without. pher's setting the world right as to Johnson, however, looked for no the Epitaph on the Duck, one of a patron but the booksellers, whose inbrood of eleven, which he trod to tereft was equally concerned with his death when a child of about three own, in the production and success of years old;

his works ; and amidit the difficulties

and distresses of his situation, he preHere lies good master duck,

served a degree of patience, fortitude, That Samuel Johnson trod on; and independence which men of ge. If it had liv'd 'twouiú been good luck, nius and of letters have too often failFor then there had been an odd one. ed to possess.

ed to poffefs. His letter to Lord

Chesterfield, on the subject of his which Sir John Hawkins and Mr Dictionary, now first published, afPiozzi had attributed to the child fords an example equally of the manlihimself; but which Mr Boswell

, with ness of his feelings, and of his power a sneer at the Lady's fagacity, gives of expresing them. to its true author, the father.

Mr Boswell is a good deal more particular than his predeceffors, in his To the Right Hon. tbe Earl of CHESaccount of Johnson's life and employ. ments after his arrival in Loodon,

MY LORD, where he earned a scanty and precari- I have been lately informed, by ous fub listence, by writing chiefly for the proprietor of the World, that two Cave, the Editor of the Gentl.12.17.'s papers, in which my Dictionary is



Feb. 1755.

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recommended to the public, were it. I hope it is no very cynical aspe written by your Lordship. To be fo rity, not to confefs obligations where distinguished, is an honour which, no benefit has been received, or to be being very little accustomed to fa- unwilling that the public should conYours from the great, I know not well lider me as owing that to a Patron how to receive, or in what terms to which Providence has enabled me to acknowledge.

do for myself. When, upɔn some slight en- Having carried on my work thus couragement, I first visited your Lord- far with fo little obligation to any faThip, I was overpowered, like the rest vourer of learning, I shall not be difof mankind, by the inchaotment of appointed though I should conclude your address; and could not forbear it, if less be possible, with less; for I to with that I might boast myself Le have been long wakened from that sainqueur du vainqueur de la terre; dream of hope, in which I once boastthat I might obtain that regard for ed myself with so much exultation, which, I faw the world contenging ;

“ My Lord, but I found my attendance fo liitle

“ Your Lord'hip’s most humble, encouraged, that neither pride nor

“ Most obedient servant, modesty would suffer me to continue When I had once addressed your

“ Sam. Johnson." Lordship in public, I had exhauited In tracing the earlier part of Johnall the art of plealing which a retired fon's literary life, one cannot but take and uncourtly scholar can I notice of the ease and facility with bad done all that I could ; and no man which he wrote. He could apply his is well pleased to have his all neglect- mind to any subject which the occaed, be it ever so little.

fion of the moment required, and the “ Seven years, my Lord, have now thoughts which its consideration paft, fince I waited in your outward prompted he had always more than rooms, or was repuiset from your door; enough of words to express. If there during which time I have been push- was not always genius or feeling in ing on my work through difficulties, his compositions, there was at least a of which it is useless to complain, and confiderable fhare of fense and acutehave brought it, at last, to the verge nefs, and in this business-fort of coma of publication, without one act of af position he had one advantage over fittance, one word of encouragement, those who write from the voluntary or one smile of favour. Such treat- inspiration of particular moments, that meat I did not expect, for I never whenever he fat doggedly down to patron before.

write,' as he expreised it, he could 6 The shepherd in Virgil grew at write. The multiplicity of his perkft acquainted with love, and found formances, the extent of his manufachim a native of the rocks.

ture (for the phrase may well be al. Is not a patron, my Lord, one lowed to this case), will furprise the *ho looks with unconcern on a man reader. He wrote, like a special pleadftruggling for life in the water, and, er of the Inns of Court, whatever he when he has reached ground, encum. was fee'd to write ; Sermons for Clerbers him with help? The notice which gymen, Dedications for Authors, you have been pleased to take of my Prefaces and Accounts of New Works labours, had it been early, had been for Booksellers. His favourite maxim kind-; but it has been delayed till I always was, that none but blockheads am indifferent, and cannot enjoy ic; ever wrote from any other motive than till I am solitary, and cannot impart that of getting money; its absurdity it; till I am known, and do not want and injustice are allowed even by Mr



had a


66 Sir

as a

Boswell; but his friend never gave spirits." Bofwell.

66. There is no himself the trouble to consider them. doubt, Sir, a general report and beJohnson, indeed, had in every thing lief of their having existed.” Johns the true confidence of a bigot ; he fon. you

have not only the gedetermined from his own creed, and neral report and belief, but you have had no fcruples about its inconsistency many voluntary folemn confcllioos.” with reason or with justice.

He did not affirm any thing positive The plan of this work, when it ly upon a subject which it is the facomes down to the periods of the ihion of the times to laugh at writer's acquaintance with the subject matter of absurd credulity: He only of it, is to give a journal or diary of seemed willing, as a candid inquirer Johnson's life, as far as Mr Boswell after truth, however strange and inexhad an opportunity of witnessing it.- plicable, to shew that he understood He traces him through every hour of what might be urged for it. his time, and every word of his con. “ On Friday, April 10, I dined versation.

with him at Ġeneral Og'ethorpe's, The following will serve as a speci. where we found Dr Goldsmith. men of this manner which Mr Bors “ Armorial bearings having been well, with confiderable felf-approbų mentioned, Johnson said, they were as tion and applause (Vid. his Preface) ancient as the fiege of Thebes, which has adopted :

he proved by a passage in one of the “ On Thursday, April 9. I calļed on tragedies of Euripides. him to beg he would go and dine with " The General told us, that when he me at the Miire tavern.

He had re

was a very young man, I think only folved not to dine at all this day, ļ fifteen, serving under Prince Eugene know not for what reason : and I was of Savoy, he was sitting in a company so unwilling to be deprived of his com- at table with a Prince of Wirtemberg. pány, that I was content to submit to The Prince took up a glass of wine, suffer a want, which was at first some. and, by a fillip, made lonie of it fly · what painful, but he foon made me in Oglethorpe's face. Here was a forget it; and a man is always pleased nice dilemma. To have challenged with himself when he finds his intel- him instantly, might have fixed a quarlectual inclinations predominant. relsome character upon the young

He observed, that to reason tov phi- soldier :--to have taken no notice of loSophically on the nature of prayer, it might have been considered as cowwas very unprofitable.

ardice. Oglethorpe, therefore, keep“ Talking of ghosts, he said, he knew ing his eye upon the Prince, and smilone friend, who was an honest man ing all the time, as if he took what and a sensible man, who told him he his Highness had done in jeit, faid, had seen a ghost, old M. Edward Cave Mon Prince,"-(1 forgéī the the printer at St John's Gate. He French words he used, the pursaid, Mr Cave did not like to taik of port however was,) “ That's a good it, but seemed to be in grea: horror joke; but we do it much better in whenever it was mentioned. Bofwell, England ;" and threw a whole glass of • Pray, Sir, what did he say was the wine in the Prince's face. An old Geappearance?' Johnson. "Why, Sir, neral who fat by, said, " Il a bien fait, something of a lhado y being.' mon Princi, vous l'avez commencé ;"?

" I mentioned witches, and asked and thus all ende, in good humour. him what they properly meant ? John- “ Dr Johnson taid, “ Pray, Genefon. " Why, Sir, they properly mean ral, give us an account of the fiege of those who make use of the aid of evil Bender." Upon which thie General,



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