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fided to me. In the face of all France I de “ Every where the French people will clare, that nothing shall weary my perseve- oppose themselves with vigour to their enerance, or relax my efforts. It shall not be mies, from the Rhine to the Pyrenees, owing to me that the law does become the from the Alps to the ocean. All France shall protetion of the citizen and the terror of be covered by the regards of a good King, the disturber. I fhail faithfuly preserve the and by foldiers intrepid and faithful. deposit of the constitution, and no consider “ Behold, Sire, the family that deserve ation shall duterinine nie to suffer it to be your heart--these are your friends these infringed.
will never abandon you. “ lf men, who wish only for disorder “ All the representatives of the French and trouble, take occasion from this firmness, people--all the Frenchmen guarantee, ou to calumniate my intentions, I will not stop their heads, the defence of a constitution to to repel hy words the injurious fufpicions which they have sworn, and of a beloved they may choose to circulate. Those who King whose throne they have established.” watch the progress of government with an attentive, but unprejudiced eye, must fee
ENGLAND. that I never depart from the constitutional line, and that I feel profoundly how glori
FROM THE LONDON GAZETTE ous it is to be the King of a frec people.”
EXTRAORDINARY. This conclufion was followed by long continued shouts of, “ Bravo, Long live the
WHITEHALL, Dec. I. King of the French."
THE letters from the East Indies, of The President answered
which the following are extracts and copies, “ The Affembly will take the proposi. were yesterday received by the Leopard, tions you have made into consideration, and
one of his Majesty's ships :communicate their determination by a meffage."
Extract of a letter from the President and CounThe King withdrew attended by a de
cil at Fert St George, in their political departo putation, preceded by his ministers, and ei
ment, to the Court of Directors, dated the 21/ corted by the National Guard.
June. The speech was ordered to be printed, We avail ourselves of an opportunity that and sent to the departments.
presents itfelf via Bombay, of writing to The Minister at War said, “ the King your honourable Court on the subject of the wishes for peace : he has neglected no military operations of this coaft, since the means of securing it; but he thinks it his date of our last advices by the Warren duty to support these pacific measures by a Hastings. vigorcus line of conduct. His Majesty has Lord Cornwallis, having drawn fupplies charged me to give orders for assembling from the ntagazine on the western frontiers, 150,000 inen on the frontier's within a marched (as we had the honour to inform month. I am confident this is not only pofo you in our laft) from the head of the Venfible, but easy."
catagherry Pafs, on the 22d of April, and
reached Bangalore on the i9th of thatmonth; In consequence of the above speech, the from whence his Lordship wrote to us, that National Aiiendly presented the following as his cattle had suffered very confiderably address to the King :
during the march, by the heavy rains that “ SIRE,
had fallen, it was necessary for us to provide,
with all possible expedition a further supIn the language which your Majesty held ply of draft and carriage bullocks. Orders to them, the National Assembly recognize were in consequence immediately given for the King of the French. They feel more
this purpose. than ever how truly valuable is harmony The army remained in the neighbourbetween the two branches of power and a hood of Bangalore five days, to recruit their frank communication, which is the defirt, provisions, and prepare materials for the and will be the welfare of the empire. liege of Seringaparam. Colonel Duff was
a Sire, the Assembly will fix all their at relieved from the command of the fort by tention on the decisive measures which you Lieutenant Colonel Oldham; and on the announce, and if the order of events shall 3d of May, Lord Cornwallis marched tomake the measures necessary, they promise wards the capital of Mysore. to your Majesty more true glory than was We did not hear again from his Lordship ever obtained by any of your ancestors. until the 31st of May, when he informed
* They promise to Europe the new fpec- us, (in a letter dated the oth) that he tacle of a great people, outraged in its im- found the country more rugged and barren matable love of liberty, arm.ing the hand than he expected, and that his cattle had in union with the heart.
suffered very much by the march: That
#bre zcal of the troops had enabled him to go ; fords of the Cavery, had obliged him to give on, the greatest part of the carriages, load- up thoughts of attacking Sering patam be" ed with the stores of the magazine, and a for the setting in of the Monsoon, but also large proportion of the entrenching tools, tu defroy the heavy iron guns, which, for having been drawn and carried almon all the last several marches, had been drawi the way by the foldiers,
almost by the soldiers; that the fanine A few days after, we had the satisfaction which had prevailed among his followers to learn, by private accounts from the ar had likewisé increased his difficulties, by my on which we could depend, that Lord creating an alarming deficiency in the public Cornwallis had, on the 15th of May, at stuck ui provisions; which could not be tacked and defeated Tippoo's whole force, wondered at, when it was-understood that taken four of his guns, and driven him, with rice fold in the Buzar for a Pagoda a Scer, all his troops, under the walls of Seringa- (about 2lbs.) and that under this considera patam. This fingular victory was more, ho- tion, it was not to be expected that Mailnourable to the British arms, as the ene tries and bullock-drivers would be able to my had been forced from the heights, where withstand the tenptation of plundering the he was Itrongly posted. Lord Cornwallis's bags committed to their charge on every account of the action has not yet reached march.
His Lordship concludeci hy moving, that Our next advice was by an express from he had been obliged to remain near Serir: Lieutenant Colonel Oldham, in which he garatam to secure the retreat of General ftated, that he had received a letter from Abercromby, who had advanced to PeriaLord Cornwallis, dated the 22d of May, patam; but that he ihould march
the acviling, that“ the waot of forage, provi- 26th to Bapgalore and Vencatagherry. He fions, and the reduced state of the cattle, requested that we would order every bul. had rendered it neceffary for the army to lock that could be procured, to be sent imreturn immediately to Bangalore.” Lieu- mediately to Amhoor, that he night bę tenant Colonel Oldham added, that “ his able, without lof: of time, to furnish surLordship, for want of bullocks, had been plies for the troops, and to replace fuch under the necessity of destroying the batter part of the stock at Bangalore as he might ing train.”
be obliged to make use of during the march. We are much concerned to observe, that We informed Lord Cornwallis, in reply; the wants of the army had at length forced that, from the exertions which had been his Lordihip to relinquish, in the midit of made by Government, there was the great, victory, the object of his enterprize; but, est probability that we should have at Amforeseeing that much might depend on im- boor, in the course of fix week mediate exertion, we lost not a moment in weeks at furthefi, fix thoufand dranght and issuing our orders for collecting all the bul
twenty thousand carriage bullocks (the lock, that could be procured in the country number required by his Lorrship) and that under our management, and for transport- there were at prefent in the neighbourhood. ing to Amboor, for the use of the army, oi that place 1,797 draft and 3,477 carriage. ampie supply of grain and other provisions. bullocks.
We advised Lord Cornwallis of the leps A few days ago we received two letters we had takeu for the relief of the army, and from his Lordiniy, dated the 31st ultima expressed our hope, that, by the <xertions and 5th initart. By the former we were we were making, added to those of Capt. adviserl, that he narched on the 26th to, Alexander Read, whom we had before fent wards Bangalore, but that on coming to with a detachment into the Mysore coun the ground where he proposed so encan;p. try to procure fupplies, bis Lordihip would he was greatly furprised to hear that the find his distress confiderably relieved on his two Marrat a armies, conimanded by Hurys arrival at Bangalore.
Punt and Pursuram Bow, (loth of which On the 7th intant, we were informed, by he had every reason to believe was at the private advices from Camp the 26th of May, distance of 150 miles) were then actually that the Maraita. army had joined Lord within a day's march, and that Furfurain Cornwallis that evening, and that great Bow's fon, with the advanced guard, was hopes were entertained of relief by this in figlit: That this voexpected evert had means in the article of provision.
naturally occasioned a total change of his On the oth instant we received a letter plan, especially as he found that the chiefs, from his Lordship, dated the 24th ultimo, aithough they had heard that the attack of ftating that the rapid destruction which the Sering apatam had been necessarily postpolate heavy rains and the want of forage had ned till the conclusion of the rains, criteroccasioned among his cattle, in addition to tained no idea of retreating towards their. the very unexpected obftru&ions to a junc. owa frontier, but were disposed to co-oper tion with General Abercromby, owing to rate heartily with his l.orcibip in dillrefling: the badness and almost impracticability of the Tippco, and cutting off his resources. That VGL. XIV. No. 84.
they had further assured him, at the first in a few days, whether he (Tippoo) would meeting, that they had it in their power to deterniine to make head against the confe. relieve the greatest difficulties under which derate armies in that quarter, or endeavour he laboured, viz. the want of grain and of to disturb the southern provinces. bullocks. That he felt tolerably confident His Lordship pressed us not to lose fight he should procure a sufficient number of the of the great ohjeet of providing bullocks and latter in their camp to answer his immedi- grain, and of sending supplies of arrack and ate exigencies, but that their supplies of camp equipage to Amboor : That thefe, and grain, through the means of Benjarries, various other measures, he conceived to be were fo precarious, and the authority of the absolutely necessary, upon the supposition Chiefs over these people, even if they kept that the war might continue longer than we their word in endeavouring to exert it, so expected; for that although Tippoo had rejpefficacious, that he was very apprehenfive peatedly expreffed an earnest desire for he should be held, for a confiderable time, peace, his Lord ihip was by no means colle at least in a wretched dependence on the vinced that the enemy was prepared to make Maratta Buzar, where he would not only the sacrifices that the confederatës might be obliged to pay an immense price for a think they had a right to expect. fcanty fubsistence, but be exposed at all times Lord Cornwallis proceeded to inform us even to the risk of a total failure.
that his wants in money would be pressing His Lordship thought it, however, fo and extensive; that the supply of the army great an object to keep 30,000 Marafta during the rains and its equipment for the horse in the neighbourhood of 'Tippoo's ca- field, exclusive of the corps under General pital, that it was to be attempted alnıoft at Abercromby, could not be estimated at less all hazards; and that he had already in his than between thirty and forty lacks of ruconversation with the chiefs paved the way pees; and he defired us therefore to take for leading them toward the Sera country our measures accordingly. He added, that and the vicinity of Bangalore, as soon as he would have us consider whether it would the safety of the supplies, which were fol- not be advisable to take some aflistance from lowing Purfurom Bout, thould admit of his the treasure fent out on the Company's ships, moving so much to the left.
which was destined for China; and that His Lordship added, that several letters whatever we night resolve upon, would had been written to hin by the Maratta have his fanction. In the mean time he des Chiefs during their match, to give him no- fired that we would send seven or eight tice of their aproach, but that no letter lacks of rupees to Vellore, to supply the from either of them had reached him until wants of the army, as soon as the communis the day of their arrival, which he consider- cation was secured, ed singularly unfortunate, as he would have was a peculiar satisfaction to us at this adopted a very different plan of operation tine to reflect, that we had aqually in our if he had known eight or ten days before treasury the full amount of what his Lords that he could have depended upon the junc- ship reprefented to be necessary for him tion of so powerful a force.
during the rains, and for the fubsequent ea 'The concluding paragraph of the letter quipient of his army, notwithstanding the stated, that General Abercromby hed march- ample advances made for your investment. ed from Periapatam on the 23d of May, We have been thus particular in detailand was proceeding towards the head of the ing to your Honourable Court the tranface Gaut, without any interruption from the tions of the war, because the subject is ima enemy, leaving four iron eighteen pounders, portant; and we can readily conceive the which his cattle could not remove, and anxiety you must feel to receive advices by which he could not totally destroy, at Pe- every opportunity. riapatam, as well as a small quantity of We have the pleasure to inform you, that provisions and stores; and that the General the fort of Copoole surrendered to the Nis expected to defcend the Gaut on the 27th. zam's army on the 17th of April.
Lord Cornwallis's letter of the 5th instant advises that it was his Lordfhiy's inten- Extract of a Letter from the President and tion to move the next day towards Nega
Council at Fort St. George, in their Political mungalum, to which place the Benjarries
Departm:ent, to the Court of Directors, dated of the two Maratra armies were 'to direct
July 14th, 17912 their march, and which, as well as the roads leading to it from the northward, it was We shall now resume the narrative of the consequently very necessary to tare great military operations on this coast since the care to protect. That 'Tippoo still remain 21st ult. the date of our last address on this ed with his whole force 'near to Seringapa. subject. tam,
and that no judgment could be fornied On the 30th of last month we received wntil the Cavery was on the point of beco- letter from Lord Cornwallis, dated the 14th, ming unfordable, which would be the case in which he informed us that the Cavery ria
ver had risen very considerably, but was still orders to the contrary that we might bave
army, from which he (Tippoo) well September; and that he therefore recoinknew he had the inoft ferious niisfortunes mended it to them to transmit their difto fear.
patches either by land or water, in such That the necessity of his Lornship’s regu- time as would early ensure their arrival a lating his movements in concert with the Fort St George by the 31st of August. · Mahrattas, and protecting their supplies, In reply to his Lordship’s letter respecting would keep him so much to the westward, the loan to the Mahrattas, we observed, that it would be certainly poflible, and he that the sum of twelve lacks of rupees
would by no means thought improbable, that Tip- be held in readiness to answer any call which poo, who could have no apprehension for, he might have for'it. Seringapataın for the next four months, We have very sincere pleasure in reportmight make a rapid march to Ouffore, and ing to your Honourable Court, that Capt. from thence pars into the Barampaul and Alexander Read, whom we had sent into the Carnatic.
Mysore country, with a detachment to col. His Lordship added, that we might be af- lect supplies, arrived lately at Bangalore, sured he would give us the earliest intellis with a very large convoy of bullocks, sheep, gence of such an event; but he desired us, and grain for the use of the army; a cirin the mean time, to be upon our guard, and, cumitance particularly fortunate at this juncamongst other precautions, to reinforce the ture, when the troops were reduced to fo garrison of Arnee, and take every means in much distress for all kinds of provisions. our power to transport the fores and provi We understand that his Lordship has exfions, that were not wanted for the use of prefled, in general orders, his acknowledge that garrison, from thence to Vellore, and, munt of the service rendered by Capt. Read. if possible, to Amboor.
The whole supply, collected by that active We received a letter from Lord Corn- and zealous officer, announted to 1752 unwallis of the 25th ult. stating that the Mah- loaded bullocks, about goco load of graiq rattas, having now no further apprehenfions brought by tic Penjarrićs, 14,5 67 sheep, and abouttheir communications, or iafcty of their 100 horfes. distant detachments, acqniefced in his Lord As the service performed by Capt. Read fhip’s beginning to move to the eastward on had been conduced throughout with great that morning; and that unless after minute- ability and judgment, we expressed to him ly reconnoitring the itrong hill Fort of Se
our warmest approbatień of his conduct; verndroog, (about twenty-five miles to the and we resolved, in order to enable him to westward of Bangalore) he should be cn- defray the extraordinary expence which he couraged to attenpt the reduction of that had luttained on this occasion, and as a furimportant post, he should probably, in four ther testimony of our acknowledgment of or five days, reach the neighbourhood of his furvices, to give him a gratuity of one Bangalore.
thoufand pagodas. His Lordship added, that an outline of As the intercourse with the army was his future plan of operations had been ex- opened by Lord Cornwallis's movement to plained and concerted with the Mahratta the eastward, we thought it might be effenChiefs : that they had agreed not to separate tial to his Lordihip’s plans to inform him of from him until the war was brought to an the exact Itate of our Treasury, which food honourable conclufion : and that he should on the 4th instant as follows: take an early opportunity of communicat
In the Cath Chest, Slar Paing to us the particulars of what had passed
godas, between him and those Chiefs at some of
2,41,469 his late conferences with them.
In the 'Treasury, in Pagodas
3,84,232 We have received letters from his Lord
Ditto in Bills,
8528 Niip, dated the 21st and 24th ult. The first,
Ditto in Porto Novo Pagodas, 1,44,206 ftating that he had been obliged, for reasons
Ditto in Dollars, he could not then explain to us, to promile a In the Mint, in considerable loan to the Mahrattas; and de
Rupees, 1,49,686 firing, therefore, that we would immediate
"Total Star Pagodas 11,83,889 ly take the amount of twelve lacks of rupees out of the China fhips, notwithstanding any All the bills drawn from the camp. had 3 U 2
respect to forage and provifions, and parti
the year, are not much relieved by this event, and indeed are very serious; and the obstacles which this river presents to a
junction or co-operation with General Aberbed in any written or verbal account of it, appear at present almost insurmountable. I am, with greatest esteem and regard, Your most obedient humble Servant,
(Signed) CORNWALLIS. frue Copy,
Gen, PARRY, Ad. Dep. Sec.
employing heir numerous cavery and fol-
We arrived here this morning
lowers in searching the extensive Jungles
them from the adjoining country.
The great fatisfaction exprefled by his
I HAVE the honour to inform you, that
The difficulties of my own situation, in the Southward of the Coleroor
approach near enough to Bangalore to enAfter accomplishing those obje&ts, I Thall
me to deposit the fick in that places and to obtain a supply of fome articles of imam at present in hourly expe&tation of
there with a larre convoy of provifions,
hearing that Captain Read has
I hope these me fures will perfe&tly fe
refpe&ting the troops of the
and, if I am not disappointe!,
ing, without delay, fis lacks