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ceffors in co-operatiớn with the other branch Office and Post Roads--the Mint-Weights of the legislature. The important objects and Measures-a Provision for the Sale of 'which remain to be accomplished, will, I the Vacant Lands of the United States. am persuaded, be conducted upon princi- The first is certainly an object of priinaples equally comprehensive, and equally well ry importance, whether viewed in reference calculated for the advancement of the ge- to the national security, to the fatisfaction neral weal.

of the community, or to the preservation of "The time limited for receiving subscrip- order. In connection with this

, the establishtions to the loans proposed by the act ma. ment of competent magazines and arsenals, king provision for the debt of the United and the fortification of fuch places as are peStates having expired, statements from the culiarly important and vulnerable, natural. proper department will, as foon as poslible, ly present themselves to consideration. The apprise you of the cxact result. Enough, safety of the United States, under divine however, is already known, to afford an af- protection, ought to rest on the basis of fyftrance that the views of that act have been stematic and solid arrangement, exposed as fubitantially fulfilled. The subscription in little as possible to the hazards of fortuitous the domestic debt of the United States has circumstances. embraced by far the greatest proportion of The importance of the Post Office and that dcht; a fiording, at the fame time, proof Port Roads, on a plar sufficiently liberal and of the general satisfaction of the public cre- comprehensive, as they respect the expedia ditors with the systein which has been pro- tion, safety, and facility of communication, posed to their acceptance, and of the spirit is increased by the inftrumentality in difu. of accommodation to the convenience of the fing a knowledge of the laws and proceedgovernment with which they are actuated. ings of the government, which, while it The subscriptions in the debts of the refpec- contributes to the security of the people, tive ftates, as far as the provisions of the serves also to guard them against the effects law have permitted, may he said to be yet of misrepresentation and misconception. The more general. The part of the debt of the establishment of additional cross-posts, espeUnited States which remains unsubscribed, cially to some of the important points in the will naturally engage your further deliber. Western and Northern points of the Union, ations.

cannot fail to be of material utility, It is particularly pleasing to me to be able The disorders in the existing currency, to announce to you, that the revenues which and especially the scarcity of small change, have been established promise to be adequate a scarcity fo peculiarly distressing to the to their objects, and may be permitted, if poorer classes, strongly recommend the carno unforeseen. exigency oecurs, to fuperfede, rying into immediate effect the resolution for the present, the necessity of any new already entered into concerning the estaburdens upon our conftituentsi

blithment of a mint. Measures have been An object which will claim your early taken pursuant to that resolution for procurattention, is a provision for the current ser. ing fone of the noft necessary articles, 10vice of the enfuing year, together with such gether with the requisite apparatus, ascertained demands upon the Treasury as An uniformity in the weights and mearequire to be immediately discharged, and sures of the cauutry among the importsuch casualties as may have arisen in the ex- ant objects submitted to you by the Conecution of the public business, for which no ftitution; and if it can be derived from a specific appropriation may have been made; standard at once invariable and universal, of all of which, a proper e timate will be must be no less honourable to the public

Councils than conducive to the public con

venience. Gentlemen of the Senate and of the

A provision for the sale of the vacant House of Representatives,

lands of the United States is particularly I shall content myself with a general re- urged, among other reasons, by the importference to former communications for sever- ant confideration samthat they are pledged al objects, upon which the urgency of other as a fund far reimbursing the public debioaffairs has hitherto postponed any definitive ' that, if timely and judicionly applied, they resolution: their importance will recal them may save che necellity of burdening our cito your attention ; and I trust that the pro- tizens with new taxes for the extinguishi. gress already made in the most arduous ar- ment of the principal and that, being free rangernents of the government will afford to discharge the principal but in a limited you lcisure to resume them with advan- proportion, 110 opportunity onight to be lost tage.

for availing the public of its right. There are, however, some of them of

G. Washington. which I cannot forbear a more particular United Etutos, 087. 25, 1791. mcation. These are the Militia--the Post

laid before you.


3 T 2

Copy of the Declaration of the Court of Vienna open the same career, continue to tread in to the Powers of Europe.

their steps, and let the spirit which animat

ed them, and which you appear to inherit, His Imperial Majesty makes known to all be displayed in your actions. the Courts, to whom he sent the first circu- “ Elizabeth succoured Henry IV. who lar letter, dated Padua the 6th July, (now triumphed over the League at the head of adding to the number, Sweden, Denmark, your ancestors. The example of that Queen Holland, and Portugal,) that the situation is worthy of being imitated by posterity; of the King of the French, which occafion- and I shall deserve to be compared to her by ed the said circular letter, being changed, he

my perseverance in my sentiments for the thinks it his duty to manifest to the faid vefcendant of the fanie hero, to whom I powers his present manner of thinking. have as yet only shewn my wishes and my

His Imperial Majesty thinks that the good intentions. In espauling the common King of the French should be considered as cause of Kings in that of your Monarch, I Free; and, in consequence, his acceptation, do no more than the duty of the rank which and all the subsequent acts, as valid. He I hold on earth : I listen only to the pure hopes, that the effects of the said acceptation dictates of a sincere and disinterested friendwill retore good order in France, and that ship for your Princes, the King's brothers, the moderate party may prevail according and the desire of affording a constant fupto the views of his Moft Chriftian Majesty. port to every faithful servant of your SoveBut as the hopes of the King may, contrary

reign. to all appearance, be abortive, and as all the « Such are the dispositions of which I disorders of riot, and excess of violence, in have charged Count Romanzow to assure regard to the ing, may he renewed, his those Princes. As no cause was ever more Imperial Majesty thinks that all the powers grand, more just, more noble, or more deto whom this is addressed, ought not yet to serving to excite the zeal and the courage defist from the measure concerted between of all who have devoted themselves to dethem, but continue vigilant; and that they send it and to fight for it, I cannot but auought to declare, by their respective Mini- gur success the most fortunate and analoIters at Paris, that their coalition fubfifts, and gous to the wishes I have formed; and I pray that they are ready to support, on every oc

God to have you, and all the French Nobicasion, the rights of the King, and of the lity who participate your sentiments, and French Monarchy.

adhere to your principles, in his most holy Vienna, Nov. 19,1791.


(Signed) CATHARINE.”

St. Petersburgh, Oct. 29, 1791. The Letter, of which the following is a translation, we find inserted, as authentic,

WARSAW, Nov. 25. in one of the most respectable French Pa- Prince Abam Czartorinski and Count pers.

Mortowski set off yesterday for Dresden to

have a conference with the Electoral Cabi· Leitir from her Majesty ihe Empress of all the net, relative to the obitacles which have hiRufias, to the Marsball de Broglio ;

therto retarded the lector's acceptance of “ Morfball de Broclio,

the hereditary throne of Poland.

The principal of these obstacles are the “ I address myself to you, to make known following :to the French Nobility, banished and purse- 1. That no act of the Diet shall have the cuted, but still unshaken in their fidelity and force of a law, until it shall have received attachment to their Sovereign, how fen- the Royal fanction. fibly i have felt the sentiments which they 2. That the marriage of the Princefs loproteised to me in their letter of 20th Sep- fanta shall solely be at the disposal of her tember. The most illuftrious of your Kings August Parents. gloried in calling themselves the first Gentle- (By the constitution this marriage is to men of their kingdom. Henry IV: was: be approved at least by the ration, particularly delivous of hearing this title. It 3. That the King's authority over the was not an empty compliment dat he paid army shall be supreme, and uncontroulto your ancestors; but he thus taught them, ed. that without Nobility there could be no monarchy; and that thúir intereft to deíend

FRAME. and maintain it was infeparable from his. They underfood the leilon, anci lavihed

NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. their blood and their efforts to re-establit the rights of their masters and their own.

November 20. Do you, their worthy defcendants, to whom The Asferibly having considered a prothe unhappy citcumilances of your country position made fui taling decisive measures

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at foreign Courts with regard to the Em.i- Constitution, makes it necessary for me to grants, decreed in the following terms : recapitulate its principles with regard to the

“ The National Assembly decrees that a point in queston. deputation of twenty-four of its members “ The Conítitution determining, in the shall wait upon the King, to communicate most precise manner, the different relations to him, in the name of the Assembly, its of the King with the Legislative Body, has folicitude on the dangers that threaten the attached to the Royal Prerogative the right country, by the perfidious combination of of proposing laws upon certain subjects, and Frenchmen, armed and embodied without of inviting the Legislative. Body to take the kingdom, and of those who devise plots others into consideration. The act by which within it, or excite the citizens to revolt the King judges it proper to exercise either against the law; and to declare to the King of thefe rights, being always an act purely that the nation will fee with satisfaction aií Royal, of the fame nature as the Royal sancwise measures that the King can take for tion, requires, like that, the counter-lignathe purpose of requiring the Electors of ture of the Minister, only to attest the ligTreves and Mayence, and the Bishop of nature of the King, and imports not any Spire, conformably to the Rights of Nations, kind of responsibility; whereas the requisito disperse the affemblages of French Eini- tion of funds for the ordinary and extraordigrants; that with the same confidence in nary expences of Government, being evithe wisdom of fuch measures, the nation dently acts purely cxecutive, ought always will see the necessary troops assembled to to proceed directly from the Ministers of compel those Princes to respect the law of the King, in order to have the guarantee of nations by force of arms, if these affem- their responsibility. blages should continue ; and, finally, that the · Such is the spirit and the general fysNational Affembly has thought it its duty tem of the Constitution, the basis of which to make this folemn declaration, to the end is laid in the following disposition :that the King may prove in the official com- The King can only invite the Legislative munications of these impreffive measures, to Body to take a subject into consideration.” the Diet of Ratisbon, and all the Courts of Chap. 3. Sect. 1. Art. 3. Europe, that his intentions, and those of the “ I thall make use of this power, wheneFrench nation, are the same."

ver the glory, the happiness, and the interest The same deputation will represent to the of the nation require it. King, that the Assembly considers as one of “ Paragraph the 8th of the same article, the most efficacious measures to this effect, delegates to the Legislative Body the the speedy termination of the negociations right of determining annually, after the for the indemnities due to the Princes who proposition of the King, the number of men pofleffed feudal rights in Alsace.

and tips that shall compose the armies by

land and-by sea, as well as the pay and the November 24.

number of individuals of each rank."

“ I shall conform to this article in the geThe King's LETTER TO THE NATIONAL neral statements, which I shall address to the ASSEMBLY.

Legislative Body at the commencement of “ I am informed, Mr President, that the each year, and in the particular propositivas National Assembly, after having heard the of the same nature, as the extraordinary cirreport of their Diplomatic Committce, on cumstances may require in the course of the the proposition contained in the Ictter from year. the Minister of Marine, dated the 31st of

6 War cannot be decided upon, except Oct. concerning the demands of the Dey of “ by a decrce of the Legislative Body, Algiers, and the sums to be voted for the “ nade after the King's formal and nicelarmament ordered at Toulon, have decreed sary propofition, and sanctioned by him.” that there was no room for deliberation on -(Chap. 3. Sec. I. Art. 2.) the propofition, it not coming to them in a * I hope that I may not ever be in the constitutional form.

situation to address a proposition of this na"I have already remarked, on occasion ture to the Affembly.' Peace is too necefof the funds destined for the armaments for sary to the happiness of France, that I thall San Domingo, that the Constitution did not not use every means conlistent with the hoprescribe any form different from that fol- nour of the nation to maintain it. lowed by the Minister of Marine, when he " The following disposition of the fame made, by my order, a demand of those funds, article imports, “ That, in case of hostilities under his own relponsibility ; but since the " threatened, or already begun, or of an same difficulty is now again renewed, on ally to he supported, or of a right to be occasion of the armarient folicited to pro- “ enforced by arms, the King Mall give mrtect the commerce of Marseilles; the obli- tice of it without any delay to the Legation I have contracted to employ all the " gislative Body, and hall acquaint it with power entrusted to me in maintaining the

« his motives,"

* Illall



“ I fall always conform to this difpofi- M. Merlin read the following letter, which tion with that extremne circumspection the was found in a boat, near Treves, dated intereit of the State requires; it would be Paris, z2d October, and subscribed by M. to depart fron this lalt in a dangerous maii- Detatre, Professor of Physic, at Paris, adner to communicate simple doubts of the dressed, “To M. De Calonne, Secretary of igration of a neighbouring power as a State, at Coblentz :threatened hoftility; in such a case it would be fufficient to take precautionary measures;

“ MONSIEUR, and it is to the King exclusively that the “May I flatter myself, that, notwithnation has delegated this important care, ftanding the importance of affairs in which I am now occupied in this care, and I shall you are engaged, you will deign to rememalways be so with the most active diligence; ber a professor, who, confined to Paris by and the extraordinary funds which the dif- his profesion, still fubfisting, though ruined, ferent armaments have required, and the retained there a'lo by his age, which hinmovement of troops which I have judged ders iim from joining the faithful servants necessary, have all along been ordered on of the King, sends thither his only fon to the simple demand of the ministers of war supply his place, and takes the liberty of reand of Marine, made by my orders; because, commending him to your protection. according to the terms of the Constitution, “ This son was Comptroller General of the Legislative Body are to order the funds the Farms: he has ferved under M. Neuilaccording to their view of the expences to ly, Farmer General, who has the honour of be made in their respective departments. being known to you, and who will give a This article incieed mentions only the ordi- good charader of my boy. He has, besides, nary expençeş; but it is imposible not to the honour of being particularly known to apply it to the extraordinary expences of Mr President Gilbert Devoisins. May the the same nature.

project which you have conceived for the “ The Constitution; not having preferib- deliverance of the nation, and the re-estaed to me a different form relative to these' blishment of order and tranquillity in the cepences, has neceffarily ranged them in kingdom, be speedily and happily executed. 'the fame class, subjecing them to the same

(Signed) DELATRE." refponfibility, by the 5th article of the fame fecion, which could not be if they were to

In consequence of this letter, the writer. proceed from the King immediately, instead

was seized and brought to the bar of the of being made by his minifters, who are the Honse, where he frankly avowed the leta

ter, and was accordingly conducted to priagents which the Constitution has given fon. laim for acts purely executive. “ The seh article of the 4th fe&ion, Syndic of the department, giving an account

A letter was read from the Procurator e'iapter the 3d, imporis, “ That all the acts of fome disturbances at Montpellier, by of the King's correspondence with the Legislative Body ought to be counter

which several persons had lost their lives. ligned by a minister.' « Cat it would be to give the Constitu

December 14. tion a tendency the most contrary to the At four in the afternoon the Assembly principles which are its basis, to conclude met, and the President read a note from the that all the acts which solely interelt the King, announcing his intention of coming FExecutive Power, ought necessarily to be down to the Assembly at fix. the fuhjeet of the personal correspondence As the note contained no intiination of of the Ring, because from this would re- the business on which his Majesty meant to fult an entire c!eficiency of responsibility, and come down, the Prefident was authorised to an abfolute inaction in the proceedings of return an immediate answer; and it was set. Adminiftration, every time the King chose led, that the Assembly, af:er taking into conto be filent.

tides ation the propofitions which the King “ The Conftitution, without determining might make, should make known the result the cafus in which the personal correfpon- by a inefage: dense of the King would be neceffary, h::s The boating of druns announced the only exprefTid that all the acts of that cor- King's approach; the ait:ndants of the Alrespondence fliould be counterfigned by a fembly placed two feais. Ommented with minister.

fleurs de lys in goid before in President's “ The Constitution has espressed nothing chair; a deputation sent to receive the King, further. It is my duty to be determined by it, werd hefore him; the Uthers proclaimed herause it formaily intesdicts all the conitio his arrival; the Men:bers all tood up untuted pervers from the right of changing it, covered; the Prufident announced that the eitho holly, or in its parts.

Ailenbly was no longer a deliberative body, (Signed) LOUIS." and that no person must speak; the King And underfyned, DUBERTRAND, entered, furrounded by his Ministers, took

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his place, and delivered the following the people's injuries ; and I am now to in Ipeech :

form you of the resolution I have taken

pursue reparation, « GENTLEMEN,

“ I have caused a declaration to be made “ I have taken your message of the 20th to the Elector of Treves, that if before the of last month intó deep conlideration. In 15th of January he do not put a stop witha case that involves the honour of the French in his states to all collecting of troops, and people, and the safety of the empire, I thought all hostile difpofitions on the part of the it my duty to be myself the bearer of my French, who have taken refuge in them, I answer. The nation cannot but applaud Mall no longer confider him but as the enethese communications between its elected my of France. (Shouts of applause and and its hereditary Representatives.

Vive le Roi.] I shall cause similar declara“ You have invited me to take decisive tions to be made to all who favour ailemmeasures to effect a ceilation of those exter- blages contrary to the tranquillity of the nal affemblages which keep up a håtefui dif- kingdom; and by focusing to foreigners ail quiet and fermentation in the bosom of the protection which they ought to expect France, render necessary an oppressive aug- from our laws, i fali have a right to dementation of expence, and expofe liberty to mand a speedy and complete reparation of greater danger than an open and declared all the injuries which Frenchmen may have

You desire me to caufe declarations received." to be made to the neighbouring Princes, “ I have written to the Emperor to enwbo, contrary to the rules of good neigh- gage him to continue his good offices, and, bourhood, and the principles of the law of if necessary, to exert liis authority as head of nations, protect these assemblages, that the the empire, to avert the evils which the obnation can no longer suffer this want of re- stinacy of certai: members of the Germanic fpect, and those sources of hoftility. Finally, body, if longer perfifted in, cannot fail to you have given me to understand, that one occasion. Much may undoubtedly be exgeneral emotion is felt by the nation, and pected from this interpofition; supported that the cry of all the French is for war, in by the powerful iniluence of his example; preference to a ruinous and degrading pa- but I am at the same time making the most tience.

proper military arrangements to render these
“ Gentlemen, I have long thought that declarations respected.
our circumstances required great circun- “ And if they shall not be attended to,
o fpection in our measures; that having scarce then, Gentlemen; it will only remain for

ly yet weathered the agitations and the me to propose war; war, which a people
storms of a Revolution, and in the firft essays who has folemnly renounced conqueft never
of an infant Constitution, no means ought to makes without necessity; but which a na-
be neglected that could preserve France tion, happy and free, knows how to under-
from the innumerable evils of war; these take when its own safety-when honour
means I have always employed. On the commands.
one hand, I have done every thing to recall “ But in courageoully ahandoning our-
the French Emigrants to the bosom of their felves to this resolution, let us haiten to
country, and induce them to submit to the employ the only means that can assure its
new laws which a great majority of the na- success. Turn your attention, Gentlemen,
tion has adopted ; on the other, I have em- to the state of the finances; confirm the na-
ployed amicable intimations, I have caused tional credit; watch over the public for-
formal and precise requisitions to be made,

tune. Let yout deliberations, always goto the neighbouring Princes, from giving verned by constitutional principles, take a them a support calculated to fatter their grand, high spirited, and authoritative courie, hopes, and encourage them in their rafh the only one that betits the legislators of a designs.

great empire. Let the constituted powers “ The Emperor has done all that was to respect themselves to be respected ; let then be expected from a faithful ally, by forbid- give mutual aid instead of mutual impediding and dispersing all assemblages within ment; and finally, let it appear that they his flates.

are distinct, but not enemies. It is time to “ My measures at the Courts of other shew to foreign nations, that the French Princes have not been equally successful. people, their representatives, and their King, Unaccomodating answers have been given arc but onc. to my requisitions.

“ It is to this union, and also let us ne" These unjust refusals call for resolutions ver forget it, to the respect we pay to the of another kind. The nation has manifest- government of other states, that the safety, et its wishes. You have collected them, the confideration, and the glory of the emyou have weighed the consequences, you pire are aitached. have expressed them to me by your message. “ For me, Gentlemen, it would be in Gentleinen, you have not anticipated me, vain to endeavour to surround with disgufts As the representative of the pcople, I felt the exercise of the authority which is con,


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