« AnteriorContinuar »
5. The advantages which the torical Anecdotes, by John Nichols French West India islands are sup, 2. Vols. crown Svo. posed at present to enjoy over the British islands, and the reasons on which As long as elegant Literature shalt these superior advantages are founded. be culivated in this country, the
• 6. View of the information that name of Steele will always have a refhas been obtained concerning the ex- pectabie portion of esteem and praise. tent of the trade of other European It has been, till very lately, the fanations to Africa, and the manner in fhion' to regard h:m more as the friend which the same is carried on, and con. of Addison and Pupe, and as borrowcerning the treatment of llaves in the ing a reflected fplendour from their foreign islands or colonies in Ameri- lustre, than as entitled to great repu. ca or the West Indies; and concern- tation, on his own accourt, as an oriing the trade in slaves carried on from ginal writer, as poffeffed of genius the northern, eastern, and southern diffusing no inconsiderable light from coasts of Africà, or in the interior itself, as improving our language, and parts of that country, as connected as a warm steady friend to liberty and therewith either by Europeans, or by morals. But at this period, when prethe different people of Abia and Afri- judices of all kinds are the more rigo
rously examined, the more fxed they Thefe documents will be deemed seen, and the more ancient they are, of great importance by those who wish it is clearly ascertained and acknow, to be posessed of the molt authentic ledged that Steele's talents as a man, and moft comprehenfive evidence and and skill as a writer, required no ad. information, hitherto obtained, rela- 'Yentitious aid. tive to the actual state of Africa, and To the Editor of the prefent work the real natvre and circumstances of the friends and admirers of Steele owe the flave-trade. So extenfive and so many obligations. His industry, and, well-digeftod a mass of materials, on we may add, his acuteness, have been this very interesting fubject, and pub- fuccessfully exercised to render the lished under fo high a fanction, mult, cloud which obscured Steele's repuindeed, be considered as exceedingly tation less and less dense. His parvaluable and interesting. We may tial care has raised bim from amongit add, that those who may take up this the groupe in which he was sometimes volume merely with a view to that ra. confounded and often overlooked, and tional entertainment which naturally placed him on a feparate pedestal, results from te acquisition of useful where he attracts, and obtains his proknowledge, (and, efpecially, from the per fare of attention and praise. intelligence which may be collected froni There are but very few, partial as authentic accounts of this kind,) will they may have been to Steele's wsitnot be disappointed: historians and ings, or curious in collecting the pegeographers, in particuhr, will alsų riodical publications of that period, confult it with advantage.
who hare fuon an entire collection of
the Theatre; and yet we may be juf7.
The Theatre, by Sir Rishard Siecle. tified in afferting, that it would be dif-
The History of Caroline Montgomery:
[By Mrs CHARLOTTE SMITH.]
father was a native of Scotland, engaging in it. She had no acquaintance
of the noble family of Douglas. He in England, and not in the world any was a younger brother of a younger branch, friend who had at once the power and the and married very early in his life a young will to afist her.
as well-born and as indigent as “ Almost the first circumstance which himself. In the year 1745, he was among made any impression on my mind, was the those who joined the unfortunate Charlesa agonies of passion with which my mother Edward, and he fell at Culloden, leaving clasped me to her boson, and wept over me then about twenty months old, and his me, while the called on the spirit of her dewife then not more than seventeen, entire- parted Douglas to behold the wretchedness ly dependent on the bounty of his father, of his widow and his orphan. At that age, and overwhelmed with the greatness of her however, it is only a flight sketch now and "calamity; but when she held in her arms then of fome violent paliion, or striking cir
her unfortunate orphan, the fole legacy and cumstance, that rests on the memor; of an föle memorial of a njan whom he had fondo infant. I have no recollection of any thing Xy' loved, she struggled against her unhappy else till the scene was greatly changed, and, destiny, and for my fake attempted to live. in my childish eyes, greatly amended.
“ Though peace was at length restored “ It was summer; and though at that to the wretched country, which had been period the mercantile inhabitants of Lontoo long the seat of devastation, many fa- don were lefs accustomed than they now are milies found themselves totally impoverisise to go to country villas, yet my uncle, wiro ed; and none suffered more than my grand. was growing rich, had one near Hammerfather, who, having narrowly escaped with smith, where he usually repaired with his life, survived to lament the lofs of three family on Fridays, returning again to town brave sons, and to fee great part of his pro- the beginning of the following week. The
perty in ashes. He lingered only a twelve- , weather was uncommonly hot, and my nio: month afterwards, and then funk into the ther, who was never of these parties, but
grave, leaving his small patrimony to his was left in London to share the dinner of only surviving fon, who had himself a nu- the solitary fervant who took care of the merous family, My mother faw, or fan- houfe,' fancied that I had for many days cied the law, that he could willingly bave drooped for want of air; and, alarmed by dispensed with any additional burden; and that idea, the took, after the family were fhe determined to go to England, where gone, an hackney coach, and directed it to The hoped to be received by a brother of carry her to the gate of Hyde Park. her own who was feteled in London. Thi. Though the sun was declining, it had ther the conveyed herself and me in the yet fo much power, that in walking through cheapest way she could, and was received the Park with me in her arms, that lat hy her brother (who had funk his illustrious least might not suffer, she became exceedbirth for the convenience offered him of bee' tremely fatigued. She faw people going incoming partner with a merchant) with to Kensington Gardens : thither the well kindnefs indeed; but such kindness as a also; and to avoid observation, betook hein mind, narrowed by perpetually contempla- self to an unfrequented part of them, where, ting riches, shews to the poor who are de- quite overcome with bodily fatigue and pendent on them. His wife, by whose mental anguish, she threw herfelf on a seat, means his fortune had been promoted, con. and straining me to her bosom, began with vinced him that his sister and her child a torrent of tears to lament, not so much her could not be commodiously received into own hard fate as that which awaited the his house. Lodgings were however provid- infant of he loft Douglas, whose name iba, ed for her in the neighbourhood, and the frequently repeated, hrnken by the lots uni boarded with her brother : but the second groans which a thousand tender recollecmonth of her thus gliving was not passed, tions of him, and poignant fears for ni, before the neglect sie selt from him, and extorted from her. From this delirium of the pride and ill-nature of his wife, taught fruitlefs forrow she was awakened by th: hier to experience, in all its bitterness, the appearance of a gentleman about thirty, misery of dependence. Born with very & who suddenly approachel hier, 2014 engeira cute feelings, and at an age when every ed with great politeness, yet with great fenfibility is awake, my mother found this warmth, whether her distre's was of a nasituation every day more infupportable. Yet ture he could mitigate or remove ? whither could the turn? She had neither “ Alarmed by this address froin a stran. kuawledge of business, nor any means of ger, my mother arose, and, makin an ef
fort to conquer her emotion and conccal her had not yet known above an hour, the use tears, she thanked him in a hurried voice happy uncertainty of her situation, the acfor his politeness, but assured him that the tual misery the suffered herfelf, and the anwas merely fatigued by the lieat of the wea- guish which weighed down her spirit when ther, and should now hasten home.
the reflected that the had no other portion “ He was not lowever to be lo casily to bequeath me than poverty, servitude, or snaken off. If my mother liad at first struck perhaps dependence, more bitter than either. him as a very beautiful young woman, he in making this avowal, she had named her was stil more charmed when the spoke, and family, and that of her father. when, amidst the confusion she was under, “ Yes,” interrupted her protector, “I he observed as much unaffected modesty as he as I listened to you in the gardens, the natural elegance. It was in vain that she name of Douglas. I am myself of the race; entreated him to leave her, and assured him for my mother was a Douglas! such a cirthat she lived in a very distant part of the cunnitance, added to the captivating beauty town with a brother, into whose house she of the fair mowner to whom I listened, could not introduce a stranger, and that she made my curiosity invincible. Dangerous should be otherwise niuch distressed by his curiosity! to gratify it, I have, I fear, loft attention. He would not leave her, but my peace!". taking me up in his arms, he carried me « Not to dwell too long on the recital, out of the gardens, and then delivering me let me say that this nobleman profeffed to my mother, he ran towards the place to himself paslionately in love with the young procure, as he said, a coach. My mother, widow; and though the insisted on his giwho trembled the knew not why, at the po- ving up fo wild an idea, he declared before liteness she could not resent, now hurried he left her that he would by fome means on in the hope of her escaping from her new or other intraduce himself to her brother, acquaintance; but she had not proceeded an since to live without seeing her was impofhundred paces before he was again at her sible. It was with difficulty he was at length fide, and again took me in his arms, and prevailed upon to leave the house; and under pretence that there was no coach to without extorting permission from my mobe had where he had been, but that one ther, he was thcre again the next day, and would be probably met with if they walked every day, till the family returned; after on, he engaged her to proceed, tiil a coach which he nianaged so adroitly, that in a over took them : not such as he pretended few days he made an acquaintance with my to have fought, but one on which was an uncle, and was in form invited to dinner; Earl's coronet, and the arms of Douglas while neither himself nor .his wife at all quartered with those of an illustrious Englith, suspected for whose fake the acquaintance family.
was fo anxiously cultivated, but were ex, “ Now,” said he, stopping as it came up, trenely elate at the notice which a nan of “ here is a carriage, which hall convey you rank took of them, and the compliments he and this little cherub to your home. You paid to the refpectability and intrinsic worth will not, I think, refuse me the honour of of men of business. accompanying you, that it may afterwards “ The attention, however, which he take me to minc."
found himself obliged to pay to the miliress “ Again my mother: urged every thing of the house, and the few opportunities of she could think of to prevail upon her new seeing or converfing with my mother friend to delift from a proof of attention which which this method of visiting allowed him, could only distress her. He would hear became very uncafy to him, and at length, icthing; and the warmth of his iniportu- after a long struggle with himself, he deternity forced her, in spite of every objection, mined to hazard telling her his fcal situation. to get into his coach, where he feated me He probably knew that he had by this time in her lap, and hinfeli by her side. secured such an interest in her heart, that
“ He then attenyted to quiet her fears, it was no longer in her power to fly from by entering into difcourse on the topics of him, whatever her honour might di&ate. the day; in which he exerted him'elf so ef- Having with fome difficulty obtained an festuaily, his manners were to casy, and opportunity of speaking to her, he told her, his converfation to entertainiog, that the a that he knew she muit long have (son his gitation of her fpirits gradually fibided. ardent and incurable paflion; The foo hing voice of friendship, of pity, haps," continued he, I ought never to of fympathy, which she had not heard or have indulged; but, alas! from the firit many, many months, agaju made its way to moment I f1w you, my heart was. your's! her heart; and when ne insensibly turned while reason in vain condemned me, and the discourfe from ltfs interesting matters repeated the fatal truth which you must to her own condition, the tears fiowed now hear. I am already married am from her eyes, softness pervaded her heart, not villain enough to attenpt to deceive and the confided to this itrauger, whom she' you; but liften to what I have to add in
os which per
extenuation of my conduct, before you core of me, and put me out to nurse, till. I was demn me to despair.”
old enough to procure a livelihood, * The indignation with which my mo “ Honour, and respect for the memory-of ther received this acknowledgment, the at- her husband, had made in the breast of my tenipts of her lover to appease and fosten mother a struggle, which this inhuman treather, I need not relate : having at length ment rendered at once ineffcctual. On one prevailed on her to hear what he had to fide, afluence, with the man whom she alurge, he told her, that to gratify his family 'ready loved more than she was aware of, he had, when little more than twenty, mar- and a certain provision for the infant on ried the heireis of a rich and noble family; whom she douted, awaited her; on the other, plain, and even deformed in her perfon; poverty, dependence, and contempt'; her with a temper soured by ill-health and the child torn from her, and herself sent to ferconsciousness of her own imperfections, and vice. The contrast was too violent : She with manners the most disgusting. For up- retired to her room, and without giving herwards of three years he dragged on a life self time for reflection, wrote to Lord Pecompletely wretched with a woman whofe vensey, and the next day quitting her inhofmalignity of temper deadened all pity, of pitable and selfi ih relations, without giving her personal misfortune : at the end of that them any account of herself, the set out with period she was seized with the small-pox, his Lordiliip for Paris. A fervant was praattended with the worst fymptoms; but the vided for me : all that love and fortune distemper acting on an habit constitutional- could offer were lavished on her; and at an ly bad, failed to deprive her of life, which elegant house on the banks of the Seine she would have been a blessing to them both; was foon esta!led; with a fplendour but left behind it violent epileptic fits, which, which however served not to make her continuing with increasing violence for ma- happy. ny months, had deprived her of the fender « Still conscious of the impropriety of her share of rcafon the ever poffefled, and threw situation, she could never conquer che me. her at length into confirmed ideotism, in lancholy chat preyed on her mind; though which state the had invariably remained for me fometimes thought, that to have the the last fix years. Thus situated, he confi- daughter of Douglas educated and provided dered himfelf, though the fatal tie could not for, as his Lordship's fondness educated and by law be dissolved, as really unmarried, provided for me, was in reality a greater and at liberty to offer his heart to the lovely proof of attachinent to his memory than the object who now poffefsed it, though the would have shown, had the fuffered me to cruel circumstance he had related made it have remained in the indigence and disgrace impofiible for him to offer her that rank, in to which the pen'ırious and sordid temper which it would otherwise have been his am- of my uncle would have exposed me. The bition to have placed her, and to which the two sons, whom the brought my Lord, Ihawould have done so much honour,
red her tenderness without leffening it; and I was then in my mother's arms: he while the utmost care was taken of their took me tenderly in his, and said, " Inter- education, as soon as they were old enough cede for me, lovely Caroline, with your nio to receive instructions, I had the best matera ther) Ah! foften that dear inexorable heart, which Paris afforded; and, with such ad. and tell her that for your fake she should vantages, almost every European language, quit in:abodo so unfit for you both, and ac at an early age, became familiar to me. cept the protection of a man, who will con. Lord Pevensey, who was as partial to me as lider and provide for her Caroline as for a if I had becn indeed his daughter, and in child of his own." He then hurried away, whose fondess for my mother time made no leaving a paper in which he had repeated all abatement, faw with pleasure the progress he had before said ; and protesting that his i made, and fiattered himself that he should first care fould be to settle a fortune on me. establish me happily, through the situation That evening, my uncle and his family, who of my mother (who, though she was treated had been absent, returned, and it happened in France with great respect, was well unthat his wife, who was always rude and un- derstood not to be the wife of Lord Peven. feeling, treated my mother with an unusual sey) was a very unfavourable circumstance degree of asperity. Her brother too, whe- to me even in that country. The world, ther from accident or from some intelligence however, called me handsome; and I had he had received of his Lordship’s visits, fpoke received an education very different from to her with great acrimony, reproached her that which is usually given to young wonien, with having been now above twelve months in France. On the day on which I coni, a burden to him, and advised her to try if pleted my fourteenth year, Lord Pevensey the could not procure a place as companion came to me, as I was dressing for a little io a lady, or governess in a family; adding entertainment which he had ordered on the coldly, that he would in that case take care occasion, and withing me joy of my birth
day, he faluted me, and put into my hands you they have taken him from us, and even a bank-note of a thousand pounds. “ Take sy thing that was his!" it, my dear Caroline,” said he, “ as a trifling
“ The Tutor, who highly respected my testimony of my affection for you. Use it mother, now attempted to take the children for your smaller expences, and be assured from her; but the held them in her arms, that I will not neglect to make your future while, with a look which I Mall never fora prospcats equal to the education you have get, and with the voice of piercing anguish, received, and to which you do so much the enquired what all this meant? The honour."
worthy man relater, in a few words, that “ I received this generosity as I ought. Lord Pevensey had been feized with a fever Alas! my benefactor went in a few weeks at one of his tountry houses, where, after a to England, and I saw him no more. A few days illness, he died : that his brother, ftrange presentiment of evil hung over my who became heir to his title, had instantly mother, whose health had long been very possessed himself of all his effects, and had uncertain. She could not bear to take the directed the two boys to be taken immedia last leave of his Lordship; and he, who live ately to France, and to drop the name they ed but to oblige her, still lingered and delay, had hitherto borne. With reluctance the ed his journey, till repeated letters from thosc Tutor added, that the present Lord intendo who had the care of his estates compelled cd in a few days being at the house we inhahim to determine on it. His two sons, one bited, in order to receive the jewels and other of ten, the other of eight years old, were valuables which belonged to his brother. by this time at a public school in England, “ No tear fell from the eyes of the dear and he promised to gratify my niother with unhapry woman, no sigh escaped her heart. the fight of them on his return, which he She desired me to tranquillise the poor boys, faid should be as foon as he could settle the (who still fondly clung round her, weeping affairs which called him over.
for their dead papa), and complaining that “ When he was gone, however, my mo- she suffered great pain in her head, defired ther fell into a deep melancholy; and as we to be put to bed. I remained by her, and were almost always alone together, she talk- endeavoured to excite her tears, while mine ed very frequently of the incidents of her past flowed incessantly; but the greatness and life, related the particulars I have repeated suddenness of the calamity overwhelmed her. to you, and asked me whether I could for- conftitution, though it still left to her mind give her for having thus been betrayed into strength enough to reflect on the condition a situation which, whatever it might be in of her children. the ight of Heaven, would, in that of the “ Caroline," said she to me as I sat by world, render me liable to eternal reproach. her, “ I shall probably be in a few hours reIt was in vain I conjured her to banish from duced to that indigence, from which, perher mind, reflections which served only to haps, it were better I had never been reliedestroy an health so precious to us all. Still ved. But your brothers ! for them I suffer! they recurred too often, and her delicate The proceedings of the present Lord Pevenconstitution very visibly suffered. After sey leave me little reason to hope that any Lord Pevcnsey, who had been used to write Will exists in England which fecutes them by every poft, had been gone about six weeks, the ample provision their father designed his letters suddenly cealed. My mother for for them. There are, in a box which my tome days flattered herself, that it was mere- Lord left, several papers which he told me ly owing to his being on his journey back; were of consequence: but they will be tabut her hopes gradually died away, and the ken from me unless immediately secured, most alarning apprehenfiops succeeded
- Send therefore for Mr Montgomery, and apprehenfions too well founded. We were deliver to him that box." fitting together one morning, when a fud “ She then gave me a diredion to him. I den bustle of the servants in the anti-room had never seen Mr Montgomery, though he surprised us. I rose to enquire into the oc was a friend of my Lord's. I hastened to casion of it, and, on my opening the door, execute her conmands. He flew to the was shocked by the light of my two brothers, house on receiving my message; and, instead and their tutor, who had been attempting of a man of business as I expected, I beheld to prevent their sudden entrance. The poor a young man of about seven and twenty, in boys on seeing me ours into tears, and ex the uniform of one of those Scottish regiclaiming, “ Oh! Caroline! my father!" they ments which were received by the King of rushed by me, and threw themselves into France after their master's affairs became the arms of their mother; who, wild with irretrievable. He had been quartered for terror, had
power to enquire, what in- some time in a remote province ; but being deed they soon told her.." Oh! namma!" distantly related to, and highly efteemed cried they, our papa, our papa, our dear by the late Lord Pevenfey, he had conpapa is dead! They have sent us here to stantly corresponded with him, and had been