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appear at St Stephen's, where the thanial Gartrevalli, the remaining Iraheart and the tongue fo often disagree. lian, who, fixteen years before, Cima

Government, willing to foreid fo over with John Lombe: bin I pero useful an invention, gave Sir Thomas fonally knew; he ended his days in 14,600l. to 'uffer the trade to be poverty; the frequent reward of the open, and a model of the works taken; the man who ventures his life in a base which was for many years deposited cause, or betrays his country.--Since in the Tower, and considered the then, eleven mills have been erected in greatest curiotity there.

Derby, and the filk is now the ftaple A mill was immediately erected at trade of the place : more than a thouStockport, in Cheshire, which drew fand hands are fuid zo be employed in many of the hauds from that of Der- the various works, but they are all upby, and, among others, that of Na- ona diminutive scale compared withthis.

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Abridged Review of New Publications. Į. Various Tracts concerning the Peer- creet of Ranking. Thofe proceed.

age of Scotland; collected from the ings are now fubmitted to the public, Public Records, Original Intrie- printed from an authentic copy of a ments, anu! Authentic Mameripts; manuscript collection deposited in the to which is annexed, an Appendix, library of the Faculty of Advocates, containing many Original Papers; written by Sir James Balfour, of Den. and, among others, an authentic ti- miln, Lord Lyon King at arms 10 Colent of the Foundation of the Prin- Charles 1. What the editor appte. cipality of Scotland; with the Diplo- hands thould enhance the value of this mas of Jundry of the Nobility, par. publication, is, that the privy council ticularly of those Peers whofe Votes records for the 1606, from wheace were oljected to at the last General those proceedings were collected, are Election. pp. 164. 410.

Edin- now lof. burgh, rinted for the Author, and The second part contains memorifold by W tson, Elder, and Co. als out of the un, rinted books of para J. Murray, London. 1791. liament, wbich were co lecitd by the

fame learned autiquary about the year HE following pages, the author 1610; a period when our records

tells es, contain much curious were much more perfect than they matter rejecting the nobility of Scot- now are. land, ofhighauthorityand great moment. Part third is certiớed by a late Lord. The years 1320 and 1606 were the Clerk Register; and the append:x is most memorable atas in the whole an- taken from original inftru inents, from nals of the Scotch pterage; the 1320 papers written by Sir Lewis Stewart, . for the glorious struggle they made advocate to King Charles I. and by for their independency, which is suffi- the late George Chalmers, writer to ciently explained in their letter to the he signet ; both of whom were men Pope. The 1606 was replete with of diitinguished abilities, and are well the proceedings which took place be known to the learned. "The diplomas fore the commiflioners authorised by were excerpted from the records, by King James VI. concerning the pre.' a late under-keeper thereof, about thircedency of the nobility, luficiently ty years ago. explained in the preamble Bf the Do- The editor hopes that it will be no

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unacceptable piece of information to three parts. Part first contains the the public, to lay before them the re. whole production, &c. made by the port given by the Lords of Council

noblemen in 1606, &c. collected from and Sellion in 1740 to the Lords the records by Sir James Baifour, of Spiritual and Temporal, respecting the Denmiin, Knight, Lord Lyon King peerage and the state of the public re- at Arms. The Decreet pronounced. cords of the kingdom of Scorland, by the commiflioners ia joué, common. Their Lordlips reported thus: Thcy ly called the decreet of r..nking. Part presume humbly to iaform

your

Lord- second, memorials exrracted out of Thips, that, through various accidents, unprinted books and acts of parlia

, the state of their iecords, particularly ment, collected also by Sir James of their 1101 ancient, is imperfect; for, Balfour, anno 1610. Part third. Cernot to mention other misfortunes, it rificate concerning rolls of parliament. appears by an examination to be found - The appendix contains a letter from among the records of parliament Sth the nobility of Scotland to Pope John January, 1661, that of the registers, in anno 1320, translated into English, which having been carried to Lngiand The foundation charter of the princiduring the usurpation of Cromwell, cality and stewartry of Scotland, by were bringing back from London, af. Robert III. Another charier by ter the reitoration, by fca, cighty-five King Robert, in anno 1405. Memo- . hogsheads were, in a storm, shifted out rial concerning the principality, writien of the frigate the Eagle into another in 1752, including the cale or the duchy

! vessel, which funk with these recors of Cornwall. Ad of parliament anat lea; and ten hogsheads more of ihe nexing the lands of Drumcoll, and records, brought down from London others to the principality, extracted at that time, lie ftill unopened in the from the collections of Sir Lewis General Register Hoofc, through Stewart, advocate to King Charles I. fome neglect of the officers to whose Decreet at the instance of King James charge they were commitied, that IV. aguoti Johor, Lord Carlile, anno

), cannot well be accounted for; fo that, 1988. Act of parliament, thewing upon this separate account, your lord- that the principality was erected before fhips will perceive a search into the 1489. Acts of parliament, thewing ancient records cannot give reafonable that the king's eldest fun was called fatisfaction.

prince.' Abilrad charter of King In addition to what their lord huips have George I, Creating his eldeft ion,

cldest reported, the editor can, with much George Prince of Wales, and Earl certainty add, that the rolls of parlia-c? Chetter, anno 1714. Abftract of ment, from 2d December, 1673s to charter by King George II. creating 28th July, 1681, are lont, he being in his grandion (King George III.) poffeffiuus of a certificate to this pur- Prince of Wales, aud Earl of Chfier. pose.

Contract of marriage betwen Mary Under these imperfections and Queen of Scatland, and James Duke

, chalms in our records, the editor hum- of Orkn-y, Earl of Bornwell, &c. bly submits the propriety of the pre- Letter from Quern Ma'y to the Laird sent publication. For, to the least in- of Smciion, 1568. The diplomas of formed mind, even a copy of a copy

the nobility, viz. the Duke or Cuentaken from a record which does not bory &c. Earl of Macmoni, &c. now exist, or is now in an iniperfect Lord Boltiaven, Ird Naiper, Newfate, is of moment.

ark, Lindores, Durbar, London, The contents of this work are: De Sinclair, Ochildren, ard Caithness; Zure Prelationis Nobilium Scotia, in and, lastly, the unior roll,

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2. An impartial Account of the con- acted, and nothing less than the removal

duct of the Excise towards the Brewe of the Commissioners of Excise from eries in Scotland, particularly in the board, and of the principal officers Edinburgh.8vo. No Publisher's name. under them, was talked of as fufficient

punishment for the delinquency. But THIS is a violent attack on the when the day of trial came, the judge principal officers of Excise in Scot- ment of the Court, and the verdict of Iand. It accuses them of betraying a special Jury, compleatly jaitified the their truit, of consulting their own proceedings and integrity of the defen, private interest at the expence, of the dants, and the high-sounding pretenpublic revenue, of part:ality to the lions of the profecutors vanished into fraudulent and rigour 10 the fair tra

air. der. From the intemperate and abu- With regard to the subject of this five nature of this publication, joined imparzial acconnt, it is still more pruto the circumstance of its being anony- deat to be cautious in forming a judgmous, we are precluded from any ex- ment. The candid will always be prepectation of hearing the other side poff.ftcd againit a cause which needs of the question.

to be supported by personal invective It is natural to imagine, that men and illiberal infinuation, charged with the execution and inforcement of severe and ungracious, 3: A Letter from Major" Șcott to Phithough neceffry laws, will not easily lip Francis, Esq; pp. 77. 8vo. 25, escape cenfure; the odium excited

Bebrett, London, 1791. by these laws in the perfons subject THE object of this letter is to thew, to them, will, by an easy transition, be in a short and perspicuous manner, the imputed to those who watch over their absurdity of all the charges exhibited execution ; and the charge of rigour agaiņit Mr Hastings, and the inconand partiality, which every one is listency of his accufers. This the auprone to make when he himself is con- thot does by proving, that many of cerned, will

always be applied to offi- tbem (particularly the opium contract) çers of the Reverue in proportion to had the perfect concurrence of Me the zeal with which they do their Francis and others; besides the warmduty to the public. Accordingly, in est encomiums of Mr Pitt and Mr this pamphlet, the perfons attacked are Dundas, and the approbation of that not only made answerable for the few house which is now become bis acserity of the Excise faws, but for cifer. It is also shewn, that the opinions of King's Counsel, and de- plans proposed by Mr Hattings, adoptcisions of Judges.is

ed by Lord Cornwallis, and fancionIt is not long ago fince a more ed by the Board of Controul, the waiversal clamour was raised against India Company, and Parliament, have the fame officers by certain persons been the means of increasing the Inengaged in the distillery. It was faid, dian revenue in all its branches. that by their ignorance of the Excises It shews the. great

difficulties Mr Saws, or from wilful malice, they had Hastings had to struggle with the suined the complainers, and had ef- disapprobation expressed at one part Sectually crushed a manufacture which sof his conduct respecting the Rajah was to have enriched the country. "A of Tanjore, and which conduct has profecution was raised again't them fince been adopted by, and approved in the Exchequer, the attention of of, in another--that the ministry, who the country was folicited to the pro- are trying him for a variety of lupceedings, damages to the amount of posed oppressions, have not, in a single one hundred thousand pounds were ex instance, altered his system. &c. &c.

The

The Good King; a maral Tale-Translated from the German of Wieland.

Rexeris, fi recte fucies.

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THE cruel Isfandiar, King of Chechian, thought necesary, whatever fate might deresolved to destroy his brothers and their to the throne, faid he to himself, the people children. 'Tifan was the youngelt of these will bless the ashes of the honest Genghis for lift. At the age of seven years he found having formed for them a King who has himself under the care of a Vizier, for whom lived in the habit of confidering men, even his father had a particular friendship. Gen- of the lowest class, as his equats; of expectghis, (this was the name of the Vizier) had ing nothing from others which they may à son of the fame age with Tisan, and the not in their turn exact from him ; of owing only means of preierving the life of the his maintenance, only to his own labour; young Prince, was to deliver his own fon to a King incapable of entertaining the mail the murderer whom Isfar:diar employed. idea that millions of men were brought into Genghis had the courage to make so great a the world merely to maintain him in a life sacrifice, and preferred to the life of his own ofridleness; and to put him in a condition of fon the fafety of one who might afterwards , gratifying his every caprice. If fate, on the become the father of a whole people,

Thai reserve him for a life of obno He retired with the young Tifan, who scurity, ignorance of his origin will be a passed for his fon, to a remote province on blessing to him. To tell him that he was the fouthern frontiers of Chechian. He born for a higher condition of life, wculd Itopt in a fertile but uncultivated valley, in this last calu be cruelty. furrounded with mountains and deferts, Accordingly, Tifan, while he was fecding which seemed to be destined by nature for his flocks, had no idea that his birth had de an afylum co the man who could find his signed him for swaying a sceptre instead of happiness in himself, and to the young crook. The royal blood that ran in his Frince who, at so early, an age, had already veins, was so far from giving him any hint experienced the inconstancy of fortune. of his title co, I know not what, innate pre

In this place Genghis established a sort of rogatives over other men, that he, on the colony, by giving liberty to a certain num- contrary, acknowledged as: his fuperiors ber of faves of both fexes, whom he had those who could work becter than himself, bought for the purpose from the neighbour- as they were cortainly more useful, Ofçen ing Circallians, on condition of their assisting when the good Genghis saw the Prince rer: him to cultivate the deserts. Nature re- turning from fris rural labour in a coat of compenced his attempts by the happiest suc- the coarfelt ituff, and his forehead bedewed cess. In a few years the greater part of with sweat, he would laygh inwardly, at the those barren wafes was changed into fertile ridiculous impudence of parasites,who would fields, into gardens and meadows, watered persuade the great, that there is some secret by a thousand rivulets which Genghis and charm in noble blood which communicates: his companions had conducted from the an air of grandeur to their person and their neighbouring mountains. The happy inlia- actions, something which distinguishes them bitants lived in abundance of the necessaries from other men, and which commands inof life, and in thut happy indigence of its voluntary respect. “Who would say, that fuperfluities, which is the wealth of the fage yonder young peasant is the son of a King? and of hin who is ignorant of them. Al- He is handsome, it is true; his eyes are full though all his companions had been his of fires his features indicate a soul glowing Alaves, Genghis arrogated to himfelf no au- with sensibility and energy; but, except mythority over them.,

self, no body sees in him any thing but the Every species of inequality that is not fon of a peasant, born zo labour the ground; dictated by nature herself, was banished from he himfólf is fully convinced that our weighthe cottages of those happy mortals. The fa- bou Hyfum is incomparably a much better thers of families formed a sort of council, man which deliberated on the general good, and

From the courfe of life in which his rc. composed the little differences that could puted father ecucated him, the young Tifaxi arise in a fociety fo small, to concent, and lost that delicate complexion of lilies and

i roses, and that effeminate air which doubtIn this little colony was educated as less would have distinguisued him from the anong his equals, the nephew of the greatest other children of the earth, had he been bred and niost voluptuous Monarch of the East

. 'in a court. But in reconipenee he gained a To keep bist ignorant of his birth, Genghis robuft and durable conftitution, the embrown

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ed complexion of a man, healthful blood, and These principles, and a thousand others lips which he was not obliged to bite in or- 'of finilar iniport, the young Tifan forand der to give them the colour of coral. engraven ou his heart by the hand of na

Mean time the fage Genghis was far from ture herself; and he had imbibed no prejulosing light of what his adopted fon was dices to dettroy their effect. Every thing' defined to by his birth. Titan had cost around him, initead of weakening or extina him too dear to be trained as a simple fep- guishing, ténded but to illuminate and conherd. The manner in which the infatuated firm thein. Isfandiar behaved, made it: nore than

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He was already eighteen years of age hebable chat Tifan would be obliged, before fore he had the leait idea that it was poilihle he was prepared for it, to affert his right to to think otherwise chan nature and Genghis the crown. Accordingly, Genghis under- dicated; before he knew what want and took no less a talk than to form the young oppression were, or that any one could conTifan, in:hemich of thepherds and labourers, ceive an idca of artificial happiness founded to become a good prince, without giving on the misery of others. Genghis had itohim any idea of his defign. Genghis was red his memory with a multitude of beauticonvinced that goodneis of heart without ful passages, and maxims, and sentences from wisdom is no more virtue', than knowledge the works of the best poets; these passages without virtue is wisdonı; be, therefore, en- were pictures of innocent marmers, the efdeavoured to elevate the mind of his papil fusions of a pure and uncon upted heart, and by degrees from the narrow conceptions im- the fentences were the laws of wüure and of P to nis loul by surrounding objects, reafon.in its purity. to the fubire ides of civil fociety, of here The young Prince had i10w arrived at man kind, of nature, of the universe, and of that age in which Nature, by the developer its incomprehenfibic but adorable Author. nicor of the fiveetelt and most powerful of At the same tinie, he endeavoured to cherith all our sensations, puts as it were the last in him a taste for what is beautiful and good; hand to the liuman frame. In renueriag to foster in him all the sympathetic aud he- man, by the faine irears, the instrument of nevolent affectious, and to confirni thenı in- his own happiness and of the preservation of to habits

. The moral perfection of a man, his fpccies, tire ihows him in the moit conSaid Genghis

, in performing the duties wirich vincing manner, that site has fo connected nature requires of him, depends on these his individual felicity with the general weab

principles being imprehed on his mind, and that it is irr poflible to separate the one from thefe fentiments on his heart. But it is par- the other without anihilating them both ticularly indispenible in the man who is Love, that marvellous instinct, which Nature called to maintain monal order in any part has formed as the most powerful bond of the of general society. Woe to his fubjeâand particular and general felicity of man, preto himself, if his foul is not affcceieven to ients itself to him under the figure of a cerapture, with the idea of universal harmony leftial genius, deftined to accompany him in and happiness ; if the rights of humanity are his way, through this world, and to strew not, in his opinion, as facred and inviolahle that way with flowers. By Love ke obas his own ;' if the laws of nature are not en- tains the respectable names of husband and graven in indelible characters on his heart, father. He concenters all his fympathetic and made the rule of all his actions in a inclinations in the love of one woman, who word, unhappy. are the people whose Sove- is his other half, and in that of his children, reign would not rather be the belt of men, in whom he sees hinuself rejuvenated and than the most powerful of Princes. These multiplied. Thus he is the founder of doideas are not the reveries of folitary frecula- meitic focieties, which are the component tists; it is unlucky indeed if the great and parts of civil societies, on the couiticution of the powerful consider them as such. But the which the welfare of the state'fo much denature of things depends not on the opinion pends, that one cannot conceive the blindof the great like the happiness or misery of nofs of thos: Legilators, who have not remankind. If our globe Tall exist in its pre- fpected, as they ought, this grand infitution fent frate «for some thousands of years, the of Nature, and drawn from it all the advanhistory of ages to come will conspire with tages they might. The virtuous, the fage that of centuries past, to teach Kings, that Genghis was acguainted with Nwure and every period in which these fundamental honoured it. He fuw with pleafare the ideas have been obscured, or these benevo- alledlion with which the beauty and innolent principles unacknowledged as the ine" cence of a young shepherdets, an inhabiviolable law of the King of Kings, has been tant of the valley, had inspired the young. a period of public misery, of corruption of Prince. He was not afraid that she would manners, of general oppreslion and difcorder, prevent his adopted fon froin cultivating a period of calamity to the people, and of ofe viriles and exerting those talents danger to the Prince

that wer; cfiential to his future profpects

He,

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