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Grips, we can procure elephants teeth in which captives are always made, from the natives of Mozambique, who and keeps up that perpetual enmity bartar them also for ammunition and which you pretend to be the cause of bars of iron ; and the Portuguese in a practice in itself repreheòlible, while that country give us cloths of various in truth it is its effect. The same trafkinds in exchange for our commodi- fic encourages lazinefs in fome parents, ties: these cloths we dispose of lucra- who might in general support their fatively in the three neighbouring milies by proper industry, and seduces islands; whence we bring rice, cattle, others to flifle their natural feelings. a kind of bread-fruit which grows in At most, your redemption of those unComara, and laves, which we buy also happy children can amount only to a at other places to which we trade; personal contract, implied between and we carry on this traffic in our you, for gratitude and reasonable ferOwo vefsels."

vice on their part- for kindness and Here I could not help expressing humanity on your's; but can you my abhorrence of their Slave Trade, think your part performed by disposing and asked him by what law they claim of them against their wills, with as ed a property in rational beings, since much indifference. as if you were selour Creator had given our fpecies a ling cattle; especially as they might dominion, to be moderately exercised, become readers of the Koran, and pilovet the beatts of the field and the lars of your faith?” “The law,” said fuwls of the air, but none to man o- he, " forbids our felling them, when

< By no', law," answered " they are believers in the Prophet; he, "unless neceffity be a law. There" and little children only are sold, are nations in Madagascar and in A “ nor they often, or by all masters." frica who know neither God nor his “Yoi who believe in Mobammed," Prophet, nor Moses, nor David, por faid I, “are bound by the spirit and the Metliah: thefe nations are in


66 letter of his laws to take pains that petual war, and take many captives, they also may believe in him; and whom, if they could not sell, they " if you neglect fo important a duty would certainly kill. Individuals a “ for fordiü gain, I do not fee how mong them are in extreme poverty, you can hope for profperity in this and have numbers of children, who, "world, or for happiness in the next." if they cannot be disposed of, mult pe- My old friend and the Muftis aflentrith through hunger, together with ed, and muttered a few prayers, but their miserable parents. By purchas. probably forgot my preaching before ing these wretches we preserve their many ninutes had passed, lives, and, perhaps, those of many o.

So much time had nipped away in thers, whom our money relieves this conversation, that I could make

The sum of the argument is this: if but a short visit to Prince Salim: my become valuable servants, they will live time of our journey to Domoni as comfortably; but if they are not fold, early as posible on the next morning. they must die miserably."

His appearance was more savage thair “ There may be,” said I, “ such ever, and I found him in a difpofition cases, but you fallaciously draw a ge- to complain bitterly of the English.. neral conclusion from a few particu-' No acknowledgment," he said, lar instances; and this is the very fal. You had been made for the kind atlacy which, on a thousand other occa. Os itentions of himself and the chief fions, deludes mankind. It is not too « men'in his country to the officers be doubted that a constant and gainful" " and people of the Brilliani, tho' traffic in human creatures fomenis war, a whole year had elapsed since the 3 C 2

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wreck " I really wondered at the and took occafion' to say, that there forgetfulness 1o which alone such a ne was more true dignity in their own naglect could be in:puted ; and affured tive titles than in those of Prince, him, that I would express my opinion Duke, and Lord, which had been idly both in Bengal and in letters to Eng- given ikem, but had no conformity to Jand. “We have little,” said he, "to their manners er the constirution of “ hope from letters, for when we their government. “ have been paid with them instead This conversation being agrecable " of money, and have thewn them on to neither of us, I changed it, by deboard your ships, we have comnon- firing that the palanquins and bearers 56 ly been treated with disdain, and might be ready next morning as early “ often with imprecations.” I affured as posible: he answered, that his pas him, that either those letters must have lanquins were at our service for nobeen written coldly and by very ob- thing, but that we muft pay fcure persons, or shown to very ill-bred dollars for each set of bearers ; that it mien, of whom there were too many in was the flated price, and that Mr Haali nations, but that a few instances fings had paid it when he went to viof rudeneis ought not to give him a fit the King. This, as I learned afgeneral prejudice against our national terwards, was falfe, but in all events I character. you,"

knew that he would keep the dollars a wealthy nation, and we are indi- himself, and give nothing to the bear

gent; yet though all our groyes of ersy who deferved them better, and “ Cocoa-trees, dar fruits, and pur whom he would compel to leave their cattle are ever

at i

service, you cottages and toil for his profit. * Can " always try to make 'hard bargains " you imagine," I replied," that we is with us for what


fe to dif- " would employ four and twenty men pofe,of, and frequently will neither beat us so far on their shoulders " sell nor give those things which " without rewarding them amplymas

principally want." "To form," " But fince they are free men (so he faid I, “ a just opinion of Englishmen," had affured me), and not your llaves, you must vifit us in our own island, - we will pay them io proportion to

or at feast in India , here we are their diligence and good behaviour ; strangers and travellers :

many of “ and it becomes neither your dignius have no design to trade in any ty nor ours to make a previous bar

KO country, ant none of us think of gain."y, I Niewed him an elegant

trading in Hinzuán, where we stop copy of the Koran, which I deltined “ only for refreshment. The clothes, for his father, and described the rest “ arms, or instruments which you of my prefent; but the coldly asked, “ may want, are commonly neceßary if that was all.”. Had he been king, " or convenient to us; tue if Sayyad a parfe of dry dollars would have gi“ Alwi or his folis were to be strangers ven: bim more pleasure than the finest « in our country, you fhould have no or holiest manuscript. Finding him, “ reason to boaft of fuperior hofpitali. in converfing on a variety of fubjects,

.” He then Mewed me, a licnd utterly void of intelligence or principle, rimc, a part of an old silk velt, with. I took my leave, and faw hin no more, the far of ihe Order of the Thisk, but promised to let him know for cerand begged me to explain the motto; gain whether yve should make our inexpressing a with that the order might tended excursion. be conferred on him by the King of We dined in tolerable comfort, and England in return for his good offices had occasion, in the course of the day, to the English. I represented to him to observe the manners of the natives the impoffibility of his being gratified, in the middle rank, who are called Ba


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nas,' and all of whom have llaves con. to Hinzuan ; and in the afternoon I ftantly at work for them. We visited met another who had come from Malthe mother of Combomade, who seem- kat (where at that time there was a ed in a station but little sifed above civil war) to purchase, if he could, an indigence ; and her husband, who was búndred 'stand of arms. I told them a mariner, bartered an Arabic Trea- all, that I loved their nation, and they tife on Aftronomy and Navigation, returned my compliments with great which he had read, for a sea-compafs, warmth, especially the two old men, of which he well knew the use. who were near fourscore, and remind

In the morning I had converseded me of Zohair and Hareth. with two very old Arabs of Yemen, who had brought some articles of trade (To he continued.)


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An Account of the Signals made use of at BAMBROUGH CASTLE, in the county

of Northumberland in cafe lips or vessels are perceived in distress, and of the Charitable Institution establifhed there for their asistance and relief, A Gun (a nine-pounder) placed tress upon the Fern Ilands, or Staples

at the bottom of the tower, that the sufferers may have the fatisto be fired as a signal in cafe a fhip or faction of knowing their distress is pervefsel be observed in distress, viz..ceived from the shore, and that relief

Once when any ship or vessel is will be sent them as soon as poflible, stranded or wrecked upon the islands, In case of bad weather, the Aag will be any adjacent rock.

: 11. kept up, a gun fired morning and e. Twice when any fhip or vessel is vening, and a rocket thrown up Aranded or wrecked behind the Ale, ry night from the north turret, till or to the northward of it, .

fuch time as relief can be sent. These Thrice, when any fhip or vessel are also lignals to the Holy Illand is stranded or wrecked to the south- fishermen, who, by the advantage of ward of 'the Castle; in order that their situation, can put off for the ithe Custom-house officers, and the te: Aands at all times when no boat from nants, with their servants, may hasten the main fand can get over the breakers. to give all possible aflistance, as well as Premiums are given to the firft boats to prevent the wreck from being plun- that put 'off for the islands, to give dered.

:.-their assistance to ships or vessels in 2. In every great storm, two men distress, and provisions and liquors are on horseback are sent from the Castle fent in the boats. to patrole along the coast from sun-fets. 4. A bell on the south turret will to sun-rife, that, in case of any ac be rung out in every thick fog, as 'a cident, one may remain by the ship, fignal to the fishing-boats; and a large and the other return to alarm the swivel fixed on the east curret, will Cafle. Whoever brings the first nok be fired every 15 minutes, as a lignal tice of any ship or vessel being in to the flips without the islands. diftrefs, is entitled to a premium, in 5. A large weather-cock is fixed proportion to the distance from the on the top of the flag-Itaff, for the use Castle; and if between twelve o'clock of the pilots. at night and three o'clock in the 6. A large speaking-trumpet is proniorning, the premium to be double. vided, to be used when ships are in

3. A large flag is hoisted when distress near the fhore, or are run athere is any thip or vedel feen in dit ground.

7. Az

7. An observatory, or watch-tower, entering all kinds of timber and .. is made on the east turret of the Castle, ther wrecked goods, giving the marks where a person is to attend every morn- and description of each, with the date ing at day-break during the winter when they came on shore. feason, to look out if any ship be in 4. Four pair of screws for raising diftress.

fhips that are stranded, in order to their 8. Masters and commanders of ships being repaired. Timber, blocks, and or vessels in distress, are desired to make tackles, handspikes, cables, ropes, such signals as are usually made by peo- pumps, and iron, ready for the use of ple in their melancholy fituation. ship-wrecked vessels.

N. B. But, if taken away, to be paid ASSISTANCE, STORES, and Provi- for at prime.coft

. SIONS, prepared at Bambrough and swivels, made on purpose for weigh

5. A pair of chains, with large rings Castle, for Seamen, Ships, or Vef ing ships (of a thousand tons burden,) sels, wrecked. or driven ashore on that Coafor Neighbourhood.

that are funk upon rocks, or in deep Î. Rooms and beds are prepared N. B. These chains are to be lent for seamen, ship-wrecked, who will be (gratis) to any person having occasion maintained in the Castle for a week for them, within forty or fifty miles a(or longeraccording to circumstances,) long the coast, on giving proper fecuand during that time be found with all rity to re-deliver them to the trustees. manner of necessaries.

7. Two mooring chains, of differ2. Cellars for wine, and other li- ent lengths, are provided, which may quors from ship. wrecked veffels, in occasionally be joined together, when which they are to be deposited for one a greater length is required. year, in order to be claimed by the 8. Whenever any dead bodies are proper owners.

cast on shore, coffins, &c. will be

pro3. A store-house ready for the re- vided gratis, and also the funeral exception of wrecked goods, cables, rig- pences paid. ging, and iron. A book is kept for


Iftimate of the Medium Temperature of different Degrees of Latitude, from ac

tual Observations.

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ATHER COTTE of the Ora- and is therefore improper for a work

tory has published, in the Journal of this kind; but perhaps a few exde Physique, a table of the medium tracts from it, of the heat of the prinheat in 177 different places, from the cipal places, may be thought curious. line to the both degree of North lati- P. Corte makes use of Reaumur's zude, ascertained by actual observation. thermometer, but as Fahrenheit’s is This table fhews the medium heat of the common one in this country, we each month at every place, and the have, with a good deal of care, fubftimedium heat of the whole year. It is tuted the corresponding degrees in meant as a Yupplement to M. Kir- this latier thermometer. The places wan's estimate of the temperature of are arranged in the order of their ladifferent degrees of laritude. The trude. whole takes up about 16 pages in 4to,


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Mcdium Heat of CAMBRIDGE, N. AMERKA. Names of Places.

the Year.

Medium heat of July 64 Peru

January 25 Surinam

-45 Pondichery



72 Saint Pierre in Martinico 70 Medium heat of July 69 Guadaloupe


January 41 Camp de Louise-St. Domingo 68

---54 Mexico

TOULON. Ile of France in Africa 71 Medium heat of July

68 Isle of Bourbon ditto


January 44 Chandernagor


Medium heat of August 4::75

Medium heat of July
February 51

January 42

Medium heat of August 82 Medium heat of July
December 42

December 43

54 CAPE of Good HOPE.

NISMES. Medium heat of the year

60. Medium heat of July 69

January 37
Syria iu. Asia MINOR.

by the year --55 Medium heat of Auguft. 75

December 47
the year,
--62 Medium heat of August h 51

December 27
Medium heat of August 73

February ****5523

-61 Medium heat of July

January 33

-49 Medium heat of July 72

December 39

Medium heat of July 66
1. January


the year Medium heat of June 74

January 27
Medium heat of July

the year


-55 Medium heat of July 71


26 Medium heat of July 69

December 37

-51 Medium heat of July 68


Medium heat of July

February 19


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