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them, and describe practices which the of poppy, selamum, and other plants laws, cullom, and sup?rftition have sacred to Venus. Thus habited, they introduced, to provide for the securi- mounted a chariot, and proceeded ty and happiness of the most facred of towards the temple. Ismene had engagements : and if, in this account, Theageanes on her right, and on her some apparen ly frivolous circumstan- left a friend of Theagenes, .who was ces should be found, they will ac- to follow him in this ceremony. The qoire importance and dignity from the people who throaged around them fimplicity of the times from which scattered flowers and perfumes in their they derive their origin.

way. They cried out: These are Silence and tranquillity began to not mortals ; it is Apollo and Corobe restored at Delos. The multitude nis ; it is Diana and Endymion ; it of Grangers diminithed like a river, is Apollo and Diana. They fought to which, after having overflowed the procure us favourable omens, and to plain, gradually retires into its bed. prevent such as were of evil portent. The inhabitants of the island had risen One said: I saw this morning two before the dawn; they were crowned turtles long hover in the air, and at with flowers, and inceffantly offered length reft together on a branch of up, in the temples, and before their that

Another faid : Drive houses, sacrifices to render the gods away the folitary crow, and let her go propitious to the marriage of Ilinene. far hence to mourn the loss of her The moment when it was to be con- faithful companion ; for she brings the. cluded was arrived. We were affem- most ill-boding of auguries. bled in the house of Philocles: the The bride and bridegroom were redoor of the apartment of Ismene open-ceived at the gate of the temple by a ed, and we saw her and Theagenes priett, who presented to each of them

, come out of it, followed by their pa- a branch of ivy, the symbol of the rents, and a public officer, who had bonds by which they were to be for just drawn up the instrument of their united. He then conducted engagement. The conditions of this

them to the altar, where every thing engagement were simple ; in it no pro- was prepared for the sacrifice of a vilion bad been made for any discus- heifer to Diana, to the chaste Diana, fion of intereit between their relatives, whom, as well as Minerva, and the nor any cause of divorce between the other divinities who had never subcontracting parties : and, with respect miited to the yoke of Hymen, they to the marriage porrion, as Theagenes thus endeavoured to appease. They

. was already related to Philocles, it also implored Jupiter and Juno, whose was thought fufficient to mention a union and loves Thall be eternal; law of Solon's; which, to prevent the the Heavens and the Earth, the conproperty of a family from being curence of which produces fertility and carried of it, epacts that plenty; the Parcæ, because they hold heiresies ihail marry their neareit kiuf- in their hands the life of mortals; the men.

Graces, because they embellish the We were dressed in magnificent pleasures of happy marriages ; and, habits,

which had received failly, Venus, from whom Love from Iliene. That which Theagenes derives his birth, and who bestows wore was her own work.

Her orn:

happiness on mortals. ments were,

a necklace of precious 'I'he priests, after having examined stones, and a purple robe embroidered the intrails of the victims, declared that with gold. Both wore on their hair, the gods approved the marriage. To .

Το which ilowed on their shoulders, and conclude the ceremonies, we proceedwas perfund with essences, crowns ed to the Artemisum, where the






lovers deposited each a lock of their “ I have changed my former state for

I hair on the tomb of the last Theori of a happier.” The Athenians fing this the Hyperboreans. That of Thea- hymn at one of their fustivals, to ce. genes was wound about a handful of lebrate the time in which their an. grass, and that of Ismene round a cestors, who had before fed on wild Ipindle. This custom reminded them fruits, enjoyed in society the gifts of of the first institution of marriage, at Ceres. They sing it likewise at marwhich time it was intended to fignify riages, to fignify that men, after havthat the husband was to be occupied ing lett their wild state in the woods, in the labours of the field, and the enjoyed the sweets of love. Female wife to manage the household affairs. danceis, drefied in light robes, and

Philocles now took the hand of crowned with myrile, afterwards en. Theagenes, and, joining it to the hand tered, and expressed by their motions of Ismene, pronounced these words: the transports, tender languor, and " I bestow on you my daughter, that intoxication of the most delicious of you may give legitimate citizens to partions. the republic.” The bride and bride- When this dance was ended, Leugoom then swore to each other an in- cippe lighted the naprial torch, and violable fidelity; and their parents, conducted her da:giiter to the apartafter having received their oaths, rati- mert prepared for her. A number of fied them by new facrifices.

symbols reminded Ismene of the duties Night began to come on when we which were formerly annexed to the came out of the temple to return 10 new condition of life on which she enthe house of Theagenes. The pro. tered. She carried one of those earth. cession, lighted by numberless torches, en vessels in which barley is parched; was accompanied by bands of musicians

one of her attendants held a fieve; and dancers; the house was hung with and over the door was hung an instrugarlands, and fplendidly illuminated. ment used to bruise graii. The new

As foon as the new married couple married couple ate of a fruit the firecio set their feet on the threshold of the ness of which was considered as the door, a basket of fruit was, for a mo

emblem of their union. ment, placed on their heads, as a pre- In the mean time, giving a locfe to fage of the plenty they were to enjoy the transports of an immoderate joy, We at the same time heard the name ve raised tumultuous shcuts, and beof Hymenæus re-echoed on all fides. lieged the door, which was defended This was a young man of Argos, by a faithful friend of Theagenes. whọ formerly vltored to their coup. A vumber of young persons danced try some Athenian maidens who had to the music of several instruments. been taken by pirates. He obtained This noise was at length interrupted by for his reward one of the captives, of the Theoria from Corinth, who had whom he was passionately enamoured ; undertaken to sing the evening hyand fince that time the Greeks con- mencal. After having congratulated tract no marriage without celebrating Theagenes, they added : his memory.

“ We are in the spring of our These acclamations followed us in. years; we are the faireit of the to the banqueting hall, and continued " maidens of Corinth, fo renowned during the fupper; when some poets“ for their beauty: yet is there not entered, and recited epithalamiums.

O Ismene! whose charms A child, half covered with bran. “

can compare to thine. Lighter ches of hawthorn and oak, appeared 66 than the Theffalian courser, exalt. with a basket of loaves, and lang a " ed above her companions like the hymn beginning with these words ; “ lily, the pride of the garden, Isme- .



of us,

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6 ne is the ornament of Greece. All «

eyes on your spouse ; survey the 56 the loves are enthroned in her eyes, s« splendor of her beauty, the animat6 and all the arts five under her fin- " ed freshness which embellishes all gers. O maid ! ( charming wo- " her charms. The rose is the

queen man !"to-morrow will we repair to 66 of flowers, Ismene is the queen of << the enamelled mead, and cull flow- “ beauties. Already her trembling

ers to compose for thee' a crowa : " eyelid opens to the rays of the sun.

we will hang it on the most beauti- " 0 Theagenes! happy and worthy “ ful of the neighbouring plane trees, “ husband of Ismene, awake !" " under the shade of which we will This day, which the two lovers con6

pour forth perfumes in thy honour, Gidered as that on which they began is and on its bark we will inscribe to live, was almost entirely employed, " these words : offer ta`mo jorr in on their part, in receiving the affec

cerfe, for I am the tree of lfmene. tionate congratulations of the inhabiWe falute thee, bappy bride! we tants of the island on their marriage. “ falute thee, happy bridegroom !-- All their friends might , make them “ May Latona give you fons who presents: they also made presents to “ fhall resemble you. May Venus each other; and received, in conjunc« ever animate you with her fires.— tion, those of Philocles, the father of .« May Jupiter bestow on your child- Theagenes. They were brought with 6 tens children the felicity which great ceremony. A child, in a white « surrounds you. Repofe in the bo- róbe, opened the procesion, bearing a “ fom of pleasure, and henceforth lighted torch; next came a girl, with “ breathe only the most tender love. a balket on her head: the


follow “ We will return with the morning's ed by several domestics, who carried « dawn, and again will we fing: 0 vessels of alabaster, boxes of perfumes, “ Hymen, Hymenæus, Hymen !". different kinds of effences, odorous

The next day, as soon as it was ointments, and a variety of those luxu: light, we repaired to the same place, fries which a taste for convenience and and heard the maidens of Corinth elegance has converted into neceffafing the following hymcneal.

ries. “ We celebrate you in our songs, In the evening, Ismene was carried “ O Venús, ornament of Olympus ! back to her father; and, less in con“ Love, the delight of the earth! and formity with custom than to express « thou, O Hymen, source of life ! we her real sentiments, testised to him “ celebrate you in our long, Love, the regret the felt at leaving her pa• Hymen, Venus! O Theagenes, a ternal house: the next day she was แ “ wake; turn your your love, restored to her husband; and, from

e's on # Youthful fayourite of Venus, hapi'y that moment, nothing has interrupted

and worthy husband of Ismene; Otheir mutual felicity, « Theagenes ! awake; turn your

O 01 s. 2, ano


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Remarks on the Ifiand of Hinzuan or Johanna, ly Sir William Jones.

(Continued from Page 326.]

VE received no answer from Sa. one, since we took for

ted that lim; aor, indeed, expected he could not but approve our intention * From the Second Volume of “ Afiatic Researches,” just published.



of visiting his father; and we went on line,' which be touched with an awkthore before sunrise, in fullexpectation of ward quill: the instrument was very a pleasant excursion to Domoni, but we imperfect, but seemed to give hin dewere happily disappointed. The servants light. The rames of the strings were at the Prince's door told us coolly, that written on it in Arabian or Indian their master was indisposed, and, as figures, simple and compounded; but they believed, asleep; that he had I could not think them worth copying. given then no orders concerning his He gave Captain Williamson, who palanquins, and that they duist not wished to present some literary curiofidisturb him. Alwi foon came to pay ties to the library at Dublin, a small us his compliments, and was followed roll, containing an hymn in Arabic by his eldest son Ahmed, with whon letters, but in the language of Montwe walked to the gardens of the two baza, which was mixed with Arabic; princes Salim and Hamdullah; the but it hardly deserved examination, situation was naturally good, but defo- since the study of languages has little late ; and in Salim's garden, which intrinsic value, and is only useful as we entered through a miserable hovel, the instrument of real knowledge, we saw a convenient bathing-place, which we can scarcely expect from the well built with ftone, but then in great poets of Mozambique. Ahmed would, disorder; and a shed by way of a I believe, have heard our European summer-house, like that under which airs (I always except French melody) we dined at the Goveracr's, but with rapture ; for his favourite smaller, and less neat. On the ground tune was a common Irish jig, with, lay a kind of cradle, about fix feet which he seemed wonderfully affectJong, and little more than one foot ed. in breadth, made of cords twisted in a On our return

to the beach I fort of clumsy ner-work, with a long thought of visiting old Alwi, according thick bamboo fixed to each side of it; to my promise, and Prince Salim, this we heard with surprise was a roy whose character I had not then difal palanquin, and one of the vehicles, covered. I resolved for that purpose in which we were to have been rocked to stay on shore alone, our dinner on men's shoulders over the moun- with Gibu having been fixed at an tains. I had much conversation with early hour. Alwi dhewed me his maAhmed, whom I found intelligent nuscripts, which chiefly related to the and communicative. He told me, ceremonies and ordinances of his own that several of his countrymen compof. religion ; and one of them, which I ed songs and tunes ; that he was him- had formerly seen in Europe, was a self a pallionate lover of poetry and collection of sublime and elegant hynıns music, and that if we would dine at in praise of Mohammed, with explanahis house he would play and ling to tory notes in the margin. I requested

We declined his invitation to bini to read one of them after the dinner, as we had made a conditional manner of the Arabs, and he chauntpromise if ever we passed a day at ed it in a ftrain by no means unpleaMetsamuda to eat our curry with Bana fing; but I am persuaded that he unGibu, an honeft man, of whom we pur- derstood it very imperfe&tly. The chased eggs and vegetables,and to whom room, which was open to the street, fome Englishmen had given the title was presently crowded with visitors, Lord, which made him extremely most of whom were Muftis, or expountain; we could therefore make Say- ders of the law; and Alwi, desirous, yad Ahmed only a morning visit. He perhaps, to display his zeal before fung a hymn or two in Arabic, and ac- them at the expence of good breeding, companied his drawling though pathe- directed my attention to a paffage in a tic psalmody with a kind of mando. Commentary on the Ķcran, which I VOL. XIV. No. 83,







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found levelled at the Christians. The at words, when they cannot object to commentator having related with some the substance of our faith conlistently additions (but, on the whole, not 10- with their own." The Mufelmans accurately) the circumstances of the had nothing to say in reply, and the temptation, puts this speech into the conversation was changed. mouth of the tempter: “ Though I I was astonished at the questions am inable to delude thee, yet I will which Alwi put to me concerning the mislead by thy means more human late peace and the independence of creatures than thou wilt set right.”

.America; the several powers and re"Nor was this menace vain,” says' sources of Britain and France, Spain the Mohammedan writer, “ for the and Holland; the character and supinhabitants of a region many thousand, pored views of the Emperor; the comleagues in extent, are ftill so deluded parative strength of the Rullian, Im. by the devil, that they impioally call perial, and Othman armies, and their

l'sa the sun of God. Hearen p:eserve" respective modes of bringing their for.. us;" He adds, “ from blaspheming ces to action. I answered him with. Christians, as well as blafpheming out reserve,' except on the state of Jews !"Although a religious di'pute our poffeffions in India; nor were my with these obstinate zealots would have answers lost'; for I observed that all been unfeasonable and fruitless, yet


company were variouliy affected they deferved, I thought, a flight re- by them, generally with amazement, prehension, as the attack seemed to be often with concern ; especially when concerted among them, $. The con- I described to them the great force mentator," faid I, ". was much to and admirable discipline of the Aufblame for palling fo indiscriminate trian army, and the stupid prejudices and halty a cenfure; the title which of the Turks, whom nothing can ingave your legislator, and gives you duce to abandon their old Tartarian fuch offence, was often applied in babits; and exposed the weakness of Judea by a bold figure, agreeable to their empire in Africa, and even in the Hebrew idiom, though unusual the most diftant provinces of Asia. in Arabic, of angels to holy menj and' In return, hé gave me a clear but geeven to all mankind, who are mandd to call God their father ; and' vernment and commerce of his illand:

en com. neral information concerping the goin this large fipfe the Apostle to the "his country," he said, “ was poor, Romans calls the elect the children of and produced few articles of trade ; God, and the Messiah the firstbornamong but if they could get money, which they many brethren; but the words only be- now preferred to ploy-things,” these gotten, are applied transcepdently and in- were his words, " they might easily," comparably to him alone; and as for he added, " procure foreign commo

" me, who believe the scriptures, which dities, and exchange them advanyou also profefs to believe, though you t'acoally with their neighbours in the asfert without proof that we have islands and on the continent: thus altered them, I cannot refuse him with a little money," said be, " an appellation, though' far furpaf purchase muskets, powder, balls, cut. fing our reason, by which he is dili laffes, knives, clochs, raw cotton, and tinguished in the Gospel; and the be other articles brought from Bumbay, lievers in Mohammed, who, expressly and with these we tradle to Madagasname hin the Mefia?, and pronounce car for the natural produce of the him to have bien born of a virgin, country, or fur dollars, with which which one might fully justify the the French buy cattle, honey, butter, phraie condenined by this author, are and so forth, in that island. With themselves condemnable for cavilling gold, which we receive from your


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