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Ře was one of the keepers of New- defend it, if they were too trouble forest, and resided in his lodge there fome. In the windows, which were during a part of every hónting-season. very large, lay his arrows, cross-bows, But his principal residence was at and other accoutrements. The Woodlands, in Dorsetshire, where he corners of the room were filled had a capital mansion. One of his with his best hunting and hawking nearest neighbours was the Lord' poles. His oyster-table stood at the Chancellor Cooper, first Earl of lower end of the room, which was Shaftsbury. Two men could not be in constant use twice a day, all the more opposite in their dispositions and year round; for he never failed to pursuits. They had little communi- eat oysters both at dinner and suppery cation therefore; and their occasional with which the neighbouring town of meetings were rendered more dif- Pool supplied him. At the upper end agreeable to both, from their op. of the room stood a small table with a posite sentiments in politics. Lord double desk ; one side of which held
: Shaftsbury, who was the younger a church-bible; the other, the book man, was the survivor ; and the fol. of martyrs. On different tables in lowing account of Mr Hastings, which the room lay hawk's hoods ; bells ; I have somewhat abridged, is said to old hats, with their crowns thrust ing have been the production of his full of pheasant eggs ; tables ; dice ; pen.
cards; and store of tobacco pipes. Mr Hastings was low of stature, At one end of this room was a door, but very strong, and very active; of which opened into a closet ; where a ruddy complexion, with flaxen hair. stood bottles of strong beer and wine ; His cloaths were always of green which never came out but in fingle cloth, His house was of the old' glasses, which was the rule of the fashion; in the midst of a large park, house ; for he never exceeded himwell stocked with deer, rabbits, and felf, nor permitted others to exceed. filh-ponds. He had a long narrow Answering to this closet was a door bowling-green in it; and used to into an old chapel ; which had been play with round fand-bowls. Here too long disused for devotion; but in the he had a banqueting-room built like pulpit, as the safest place, was always a stand, that ran buck, fox, hare, ot- to be found a cold chine of beef, a ter, and badger ; and had hawks of venison-pasty, a gammon of bacon, all kinds, both long and short winged. or a great apple-pye, with thick crust, His great hall was commonly strewed well-baked. His table cost him not with marrow-bones; and full of much, though it was good to eat at. hawk perches, hounds, spaniels, and His sports supplied all, but beef and terriers. The upper end of it was mutton; except on Fridays, when hung with fox-skins of this and the he had the best of fih. He never last year's killing. Here and there wanted a London pudding; and he a pole-cat was intermixed ; and hun- always fang it in with, “ My part lies ter's, poles in great abundance. The therein-a.” He drank a glass or two parlour was a large room, compleat- of wine at meals ; put syrup of gilly, ly furnished in the same style. On flowers into his fack; and had always' a broad hearth, paved with brick, a tunglass of small-bear standing by lay some of the choicest terriers, him, which he often stirred about with hounds, and spaniels. One or two rosemary. He lived to be an hunof the great chairs had litters of cats dred; and never loft his eye-fight, in them, which were not to be disturb. nor used !pectacles. He got on horseed. Of these three or four always back without help ; and rode to the
; attended him at dinner; and a little death of the stag, till he was pad white wand lay by his trencher, to fourfcere.
foreft . here; great legal support, and reasons as on other wältes, is careful' to rear of state obliged the monarch to feek his cottage, and get into it as quickly his amusements nearer" home, the ex- as possible. I have known all the tent of these royal demelns began in- materials of one of these habitations fenfibly to diminish: New-forest; a- brought togetherlathe houfe built mong others, was greatly curtailed. covered in the goods removed -Large portions of it were given away fire kindled and the family in pofîn grants by the crown. Many gen- feslion, during the course of a moona tlemen have houses in its interior lighe night. Sometimes indeed, where parts; and their tenants are in poffef the trefpófs is inconsiderable, the fon- of well-cultivated farms. For poffeffor has been allowed to pay a though the foil of New-foreft is, in fine for his land in the court of Lyndgeneral; poot; yet there are some parts hurft. But these trespasses aré gerieof it which very happily admit cul. rally in the outskirts of the forest ; of iure. Thus the forest has suffered in the neighbourhood: of some little in many places, what its ancient hamlet. They are never suffered in laws confidered as the greareft of all the interior parts; where no lands are miscüiefs, under the nanie of an affart ; alienated: from the crown; excepe a word, which fignifies: grubbing up in regular grants. its coverts, and copses, and turning 'The many advantages which the the harbours of deer into arable land. borderers on forests enjoy, such as rearA stop however is now put to all grants ing cattle and hogs, obtaining fuel from the crown: The crown-lands be at an easy rate, and procuring little tame public property under the care patches of land for the trouble of 'inof the treasary, 'when the civil lift closing itý would add much, one was fettled. The king can only grant should imagine, to the comfort of their Jeafes-for thirty years ; and the parlia- lives. But in fact it is otherwife. ment feldom interferes in a longer ex. These advantages procure thèm 'not tention, except on particular occa- half the enjoyments of conimon dayLions.
labourers. In general, they are an . Besides 1- these defalcations arising indolent race; poor and wretched in from the bounty of the crown, the the extreme. Instead of having the forest is continually preyed on by regular returns of a week's labour to the incroachments of inferiour people. sublist on, too many of theni depend There are multitudes of trespaliers; o'n on the precarious supply of forest pil. every side of it, who build their little fer. Their oftensible business is com. huts, and enclose their little gardens, monly ro cut furze, and carry it to and patches of ground, withoor leave, the neighbouring brick-kilns; for or ceremony of any kind. The un- which purpose they keep a team of two derikeepers, who have constant orders or three forest-horses : while their col. to destroy all these inclosures, now lateral fupport is deer-stealing; poach. and then affett the rights of the forest, ing or purloining timber. In this laft by throwing down a fence; but it re- occupation they are said to have been quires a legal process to throw down fo’expert, that, in a night's time, they a houfe, of which poflefion has been would have cut dowa, carried off
and From the Same.
and lodged safely in the hands of the vert; nor the vagabond, and out-law some receiver, one of the largest oaks on the venison. Nay the very soil of the forest. But the depredations, itself will not then be gradually loít, which have been made in timber, along and stolen, by purprestures and affarts. all the skirts of the forest, have real- Thus forests, which were formerly dered this species of theft, at present, : the haunts of robbers, and the scenes but an unprofitable employment. In of violence and rapine, may be conpoaching, and deer-liealing, they of- verted into the receptacles of honeft ten find their bett account ; in all industry.” the arts of which 'many of them are I had once fome occasional interwell practised. From their earliest course with a foreit-borderer, who youth they learn to set the trap and had formerly been a noted deer-stealer. the gin for hares and phraíants ; to He had often (like the deer-Itealer in insoare deer by hanging hooks, baited the play) with apples, from the boughs of trees;
-ftruck a doe, and (as they became bolder profi- And borne her cleanly by the keeper's nose. cients,) to watch the herd with firearms, and single out a fat buck, as he Indeed he had been at the head of his passes the place of their conceal profetlion; and during a reiga of five
years, assured me, he had killed, oa In wild rugged countries, the moun- an average, not fewer than an hundred taineer forms a very different character bucks a year. At length he was from the forester. He leads a life of obliged to abfcond; but composing labour; he procures nothing with his affairs, he abjured his trade, and
He has neither time for would speak of his former arts without idleness, and dishonest arts; nor meets
reserve. He has oftener than once with any thing to allure him into confessed the sins of his youth to me; them. But the forester, who has the from which idea
be formed of temptation of plunder on every side, the mystery of deer-stealing, in it's finds it easier to trespass, than to work. highest mode of perfection. In his Hence, the one becomes often a rough, excursions in the foreft he carried manly, ingenuous peasant; the other with him a gun, which screwed into a supple, crafty, pilfering knave. Even three parts and which he could easily the very practice of following a night copceal in the lining of his coat. Thus occupation leads to mischief. The armed he wouid drink with the undernightly wanderer, unles; his mind be keepers without suspicion ; and when engaged in some neceffary bufiness, he knew them engaged, would fecurewill find many temptations to také ly take his stand in some distane the advantage of the incautious secu- part, and mark his buck. When he rity of those who are alleep.-- From had killed him, he would draw him these considerations Mr St. John alide into the bushes, and ,fpend draws an argument for the sale of fo- the remaining part of the day in a rest-lands. “Poverty, says he, will neighbouring tree, that he might be be changed into affluence-ihe cotta- sure no spies were in the way. ger will become a farmer--the wile night he secreted his plunder. He derness will be converted into rich had boarded off a part of his contage, paltures, and fertile fields ; furnishing (forming a rough door into it, like provisions for the country, and em- the rest of the partition, ituck full of ployment for the poor. The borders false nail-neads,) with such artifice, and confines of forests will cease to that the keepers on an information, be nurseries for county goals; the have searched his house again and trespasser will no longer prey upon again, and have gone off fatisfied of 3 A Vol. XIV. No. 83.
terrorem ferarum...ad mensen met
bis innocence; though his secret lar. effe&ual in repressing so inveterate an der perhaps at that very time contain: evil. And yet in fome circumed a brace of bucks. He had always stances, these little lenements - (inhe said a quick market for his veni. Croachments as they are, and often fon; for the country is as ready to the nurseries of idleness) give pleasure purchafe it, as these fellows are to pro- to a benevolent breaft. When we see cure it. It is a foreft adage of an- them, as we sometimes do, the habicient date, non eft inquirendam unde tations of innocence and industry; venit' venifon.
and the means of providing for a large The incroachments of trespaffers, family with safe and comfort, we are and the houses and fences thus raised pleafed at the idea of so much utility on the borders of the forest, though, and happiness, arising from a petty at this time, in a degree connived at, trespass on a waste, which cannot in were heretofore considered as great itself be considered as an injury. nuisances by the old foreft-law and I once found, in a tenement of this. were very severely punished under the kind, an ancient widow, whose little name of purprestures, as tend ng ał story pleased me, --Her folitary dwel.
' terrorem ferarum.--ad nocumentum fo- ling stood sweetly in a dell, on the
a: refte-and, as might be added, at, edge of the foreft. Her husband had this time, by the neighbouring parishes, himself reared it, and led her to itą. ad incrementum pauperum. When light as the
habitation of her life. . He stranger therefvre rears one of these had made a garden in the front, fudden fabricks, the parilh-officers make planted an orchard at one end, and a
Dhe trece him provide a certificate from his few at the oiher, which in forty own parish, or they remove him. years had now shielded the cottage, But the mischief commonly: arifes and almolt concealed it. In her earfrom a parifhioner's raising his cottage, ly youth she had been left a widow and afterwards felling it to a stranger, with two sons and a daughter, whose which may give him parifh-rights. lender education (only what she herThese encroachments, 'how ever, are self could give them) was almost her erils of so long standing, that at this
whole employment: and the time of day they hardly admit a remedy. Ma-' their youth, she faid, was the plea. ny
of these little tenements have been fanteft time of her life. As they grew fó long occupied, and have passed up, and the cares of the world fubfidthrough so many hands,' that the oced, a fettlid piery took poffeffion of cupiers are now in fecure poffeffien.
her mind. Her age was oppressed Where the manor of Beaulieu-aba' with infirmity, ackness, and various bey is railed from the foreft, a large afflictions in her family. In these settlement of this kind runs in scat- 'distrelles, her bible her
great tered cottages, at least a mile along comfort. I visited her frequent.
* 'the rails. This nest ofiacroachers ly in her last illness, and found the late Duke of Bedford, when her very intelligent in fcripture, and
: Lord-warden of the forest, resolved to well versed in all the gospel-topics of root out. But he met with such fur confolation. For many years the eve. dy, and determined oppofition from ry day read a portion of her bible, the forefters of the hamlet, who aw feldom
other book ; mounted to more than two hundredi men, that he was obliged to defifti Juft knew, and knew no more, her bible whether he took improper measures, true ; as he was a man of violent 'temper, -- And in that chartér read with sparkling:
or whether no measures, which he could have taken, would have been Her title to a treasure in the skics.
When the met with passages she did of pronouns, by confounding their not understand, at one time, or other, cases. This corruption prevails thro the said, she often heard them explain the country; but it seems to increase ed at church. The story seems to e- as we approach the sea. About the since how very sufficient plain scrip- neighbourhood of New.forest this Doture is, unafitted with other helps, ex- ric hath attained its perfection. I cept such as are publicly provided, to have oftener' than once met with the administer both the knowledge and following tender elegiac in churchthe comforts of religion even to the yards. lowest classes of people.
The dialect of Hampshire has a Him shall never come again to we: particular tendency to the corruption But us shall surely, one day, go to hc.
Anecdotes of General Washington *.
THE moment I arrived at Alex- farmer, constantly employei in the
I andria I was eager to repair to management of his farm, in improving Mount Vernon, a beautiful seat of his lands, and in build:
barns. He General Washington, luated ten thewed me, one not yet finished. It miles lower down the river.-On the is a valt pile, about a hundred feet road to it we pass through a great long, and still more in width, designdeal of wood; and after having mount. ed as a fiorehouse for his corn, potaed two hills we discover the house, toes, turnips, &c, Around: ii are el gant; though simple, and of a plea constructed stables for all his cattle, fing aspect. Before it is a neat lawn: his horses, his asses, the breed of on one side ftables for horses and which, unknown in this country,
he Cattle : on the other a green-house, is endeavouring to increase. The and buildings where the negroes work. plan of the buiding is fo judiciously In a kind of yard are perceived docks, contrived, that a man mayquickly fill geese, turkeys, and other poultry, the racks with hay or potatoes, withTbe house commands a view of the out the least--danger.--The General Potowmac, and enjoys a most beauti- informed me, that he had built it afful prospect. On the side towards ter a plan sent him by the celebrated that river it has a large and lofty por. English husbandman' Arthur Young, tico.-The plan of the house is well. but which he liad considerably improconceived and convenient. Wi:h. med.---This building is of brick made out, it is covered with a kind of var.
on the spot; and every part of it, exnish, a cement that renđers it almost cepat the joilts of the roof, and the impenetrable by the rain. It was shingles that cover it, which for want evening when the General arrived, of time he was forced to buy, is the fatigued by a tour through a part of his produce of the esiate. He told me, estate, where he was tracing out a that it did not cost him above three rcad. You have frequently beard hundred pounds.-In France it would him compared to Cincinnatus : tie have coit upwards of 80,000 liv. comparison is juft. The celebrated (3,3331.] That year he had plantGeneral is now no more than a good ed leyen hundred bushels of potatoes.
3 A 2
From Briffot's Travels in North America