Imágenes de página

a brik fire until the feathers are burnt next day the child was running about off, when it is ready for eating in perfectly well. their taste. They never drink water; Their houses are generally built only cocoa-nut milk, and a liquor cal. upon the beach, in villages of fifteen fed foura, which oozes from the co- or twenty houses each; and eacla coa-nut tree after cutting off the house contains a family of twenty peryoung sprouts or flowers. This they fons and upwards. Thefe habitations Luffer to fernient before it is used, and are raised upon wooden pillars about then it is intoxicating, to which qua- ten feet from the ground; they are lity they add much by their method round, and, having no windows, look of drinking it, by fucking it slowly like bee-hives covered with thatch. through a small straw. After eating, The entry is through a trap door bethe young men and women who are low, where the family mount by a ladfancifully dressed with leaves, go to der, which is drawn up at night. dancing, and the old people surround This manner of building is intended them fmoaking tobacco and drinking to fecure the houfes from being infoura.

The dancers, while perform- fested with snakes and rats, and for ing, sing some of their tunes, which that purpose the pillars are bound are far from wanting harmony, and to round with a smooth kind of leaf, which they keep exact time. Of mu- which prevents animals from being fical instruments they have only one able to mount; besides which, each kind, and that the simplest. It is a pillar has a broad round flat piece of hollow bamboo, about two feet and a wood near the top of it, the projecta half long, and three inches in diame- ing of which effectually prevents the ter, along the outside of which there further progress of such vermin as is stretched from end to end a single may have pasted the leaf. The foorftring made of the threads of a split ingis made with thin strips of bamboos, cane, and the place under the string laid at such distances from one anois hollowed a little to prevent it from ther, as to leave free admission for touching. This instrument is played light and air, and the inside is neatly, upon in the same manner as a guitar. finished, and decorated with fishing It is capable of producing but few lances, nets, &c. notes ; the performer, however, makes The art of making cloth of any it speak harmoniously, and generally kind is quite unknown to the inhabiaccompanies it with the voice.

tants of this island; what they have What they know of physic is small is got from the ships that come to and simple. I had once occasion to trade in cocoa-nuts. In exchange for see an operation in furgery performed their nuts (whieh are reckoned the on the toe of a young girl who had finest in this part of India) they will been stung by a scorpion 'or centipes, accept of but few articles; what they The wound was attended with a con- chiefly wish for is cloth of different cofiderable fweiling, and the little patient lours, hatchets and hanger blades, which seemed in great pain. One of the they use in cutting down the nuts. natives produced the under jaw of a Tobacco and arak they are very fond small fih, which was long, and plant- of, but expect these in presents. They ad with two rows of teeth as sharp as have no money of their own, nor will needles : taking this in one hand, and they allow any value to the coin of a small stick by way of hammer in the other countries, further than as they other, he ftruck the teeth three or happen to fancy them for ornaments four times into the swelling, and made the young women sometimes hanging it bleed freely; the toe was then strings of dollars about their necks. bound up with certain leaves, and However, they are good judges of




A man,

as such.

To eat,

To weep,

A hog,

To Sleep,
A dog,

gold and silver, and it is no easy mat

Kegonia, ter to impose baser metals upon them

A woman,


A child, Chu, They purchase a much larger quan.

To laugh,

Ayelaur, tity of cloth than is consumed upon


App, their own Iland. This is intended

Gnia, for the Choạry market. Choury is a

To drink,

Okk, small island to the southward of theirs,


T'owla, to which a large fleet of their boats

Poing. fails every year about the month of A pine apple, Frung. November, to exchange cloth for ca- A house, Albanum. noes, for they cannot make these A fowl, Hayám, themselves. This voyage they per

Howi. form by the help of the sun and stars, Fish,

Ka. for they know nothing of the com

Loom lootz pass.

T'amam. In their disposition there are two Fire,

T'amia, remarkable qualities. One is, their


Koonira. entire neglect of compliment and ceremony; and the other, their aversion They have no notion of a God, to dishonesty. A Carnicobarian tra- but they believe firmly in the Devil, velling to a distant yillage upon bu- and worship him from fear. In every finess or amusement, palles through village there is a high pole erected, many town; in his way without per- with long strings of ground-rattans haps speaking to any one ; if he is hun. hanging from it, which, it is said, gry or tired, he goes up into the nearest has the virtue to keep him at a dilhouse, and helps himself to what tance. When they fee any signs of he wants, and sits till he is rested, an approaching storm, they imagine without taking the smallest notice of that the Devil intends them a visit, any of the family, unless he has business upon which many superstitious cereor news to communicate, Theft or monies are performed. The people Tobbery is so rare amongst them, that a of every village march rúund their man going out of his house never own boundaries, and fix up at different takes away his ladder, or shuts his distances small sticks split at the top, door, but leaves it open for any body into which split they put a piece of to enter that pleases, without the cocoa-uut, a wisp of tobacco, and least apprehenfion of having any thing the leaf of a certain plant: whether {tolen from him.

this is meant as

a peace offering to Their intercourse with strangers is the Devil, or a scarecrow to frighten so frequent, that they have acquired him away, does not appear. in general the barbarous Portuguese

When a

man dies, all his livefo common over India. Their own stock, cloth, hatchets, fishing-lances, language has a sound quite different and in short every moveable thing he from most others, their words being possessed, is buried with him, and pronounced with a kind of stop, or his death is mourned by the whole catch in the throat at every fyllable. village. In one view this is an exThe few following words will ferve cellent custom, feeing it prevents all to thew those who are acquainted disputes about the property of the dewith other Indian languages, when cealed amongst his relations. His ther there is any fimilitude between wife must conform to custom by havthem.

ing a joint cut off from one of her


Z za


fingers; and, if she refuses this, the Polygamy is not known among, mult submit to have a deep notch cut them; and their punishment of adulin one of the pillars of her house. tery is not less levere than effectual.)

I was opce present at the funeral They cut from the man's offending of an old

When we went member a piece of the foreskin proporo? into the house, which had belonged tioned to the frequent commillion or to the deceased, we found it full of enormity of the crime. her female relations; some of them

There feems to subóst among them were employed in wrapping up the a perfect equality.' A few persons, corpse in leaves and cloth which had from their age, have a little more rebelonged to her. in another boule spect paid to them; but there is no

' hard by, the men of the village, with appearance of authority one over anoa greac many cthers from the neigh 'ther. Their fociety feems bound ra. bouring towns, were sitting drinking ther by mutual obligations continually foura and smoaking tobacco. In the conferred and received; the simplest mean time two itout yourg feilows and best of all ties. were bufy digging a grave in the sand The inhabitants of the Andamans near the house. When the women are said to be Cannibals. The peos. had done with the corpse, they set up ple of Carnicobar have a tradition as a most hideous howl, upon which the mong them, that several canoes came people began to assemble round the from Andaman many years ago, and grave, and four men went up into the that the crews were all armed, and house to bring down the body; in do- committed great depredations; and ing this, they were much interrupted killed several of the Nicobarians. It by a young man, fon to the deceased, appears at first remarkable, that there who endeavoured with all his might hould be such a wide difference beto prevent them, but finding it in vain, tween the manners of the inhabitants he clung round the body, and was car-" of iŠlands so near to one another; the ried to i he grave along with it : there, Andamans being savage Cannibals, and after a violent struggle, he was turned the others the most harmlels inoffenaway and conducted back to the five people posible. But it is accounthouse. The corple being now put in, ed for by the folloning historical anec. in the grave, and the lathings which dcte, which, I have been assured, is bound ihe legs and arms cut, all the matter of fact.' Shortly after the Porlive stock which had been the proper- tuguese had discovered the paffage to ty of the deceased, consisting of about lodia round the Cape of Good Hope, half-a-dozen hgs, and as many towls, one of their ships, op bca:d of which was killed, and flung in above it : a was a number of Mozambique negroes, man then approached with a bunch of was lost on the Andaman islands, lçares stuck upon ibe end of a pole, which were till then uninhabited. The which he swept two or three times blacks remained in the island and settlgently along the corpse, and then ihe ed it: the Europeans made a small grave was filled up. During the ce- shallop, in which they failed to Pegu. semony, the women continued to make On the other hand, the Nicobar ifands the most horrible vocal concert ima- were peopled from the opposite main ginable i the men faid nothing. A few and the coast of Pegu ; in proof of

' days afterwards, a kind of monument which the Nicobar and Pegu languaWas erected over the grave, with a pole ges are faid, by those acquainted with upon it, to which long Atrips of cloth the laiter, to have much resemblance. of different colours were burg.


[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]

Account of the Officers and Government of New-Foreft in Hampshire *.

[ocr errors]




ITH regard to the situation and well as that of bow-bearer, and a few

boundaries of this extensive for others, have been long in disuse: at rest, it occupies the southwest extre- leaft they seem to be delegated to the nity of Hampshire ; and in its earlier keepers : of these there are fifteeen; form was a kind of peninsula, bound-, who prefide over as many walks, into ed by the bay' of Southampton on the which the forest is divided. In each calt-- by the river Avon on the west. walk is erected a lodge. A few of - and on the south, by the channel of these lodges are elegant mansions; and the Isle of Wight, as far as the are the habitations of the keepers, Needles ; "and to the west of those who are generally men of fashion, or rocks by the ocean. Thus the boun- fortune. Prince William of Glocester daries of New-forest were determined has one; the Duke of Bolton ano. by the natural lines of the country:

ther; and Lord Delawar a third ; This tract of wood-land' was origi- bút in general, the lodges are but moDally made a foreit by William I. in' derate buildings, and are inhabited the year 1079, about thirteen years by the under keepers, or groom-keepafter the battle of Hastings ; and is in. ers; as they are called ; on whom deed the only forest in England, whose the executive part of the keeper's office prigin can be traced. It took the de- devalves. nomination of New-forest from its be- The under-keeper feeds the deer in ing can addition to the many forests, winter-browzes them in summer which the crown already pofleffed ; knows where to find a fat buck-ex. and which had formerly been appro- ecutes the king's warrants for venison priated in feudal times. The original --presents offences in the forest-courts pame of this tract of country was -and prevents the destruction of Ytene.

game. In this last article his virtue is The government of New-forest is, chiefly fhown ; and to this purpose at this time, nearly what it originally the memory of every found keeper was, excepting only that the abolition should be furnished with this cabalistic of forest-la'w hath restrained the power verse, of its officers.

Stable-stand; The chief officer belonging to it

Dog-draw; is the Lord-warden, who is generally

Back-bear; and fome perfon of great dittinction. The

Bloody-hand. present Lord-warden is the Duke of Glocester. Under him are two It implies the several circumstances, distinct appointments of officers ; the in which offenders may be taken with one to preserve the venison of the the manner, as it is phrased. If a forest; and the other to preserve iis . man be found armed, and stationed

The former term, in the lan- in some suspicious part of the foreit-guage of forest-law, includes all fpe- or if he be found with a dog pursuing cies of game: the latter respects the a fericken deer-or if he be found woods, and lawns, which harbour, carrying a dead deer on his back-and feed them.

or, lastly, if he be found bloody in Of those officers who superintend 'the forest ; he is, in all these cases, the game, are, first, the ran. seizable; though the fact of killing a gers. But the office of ranger, as deer cannot be proved upon him. The

under-keeper * From Gilpin’s Remarks on Forest Scenery.





[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

under-keeper also drives the foreft; ed from the crown in some period far that is he annually impounds all the vourable to liberty. As New-forest cattle that pasture in his walk; and was always considered as the greaç fees them examiged, and properly magazine of navy timber, the verde marked.

rors were impowered by an Act of Parç With regard to the woods of the liament in King William's time, to forest

, which were orginally consider- fine delinquents to the amount of five ed only as they respected game, the pounds in their attachment-courts : brst officer, under the lord-warden, whereas in all the other forests of is the woodward. It is his business, England, the fine does not amount as his title denotes, to inspect the to more than a few pence, which was woods. He prevents waste--he fees the original amerfenent. The ver. that young trees are properly fenced deror is an officer without salary : but and he affigns timber for the payment by anc ent custom he was entitled to of forest-officers. This timber is course, and take what deer he pleased, fold by auction at the court at Lynd- in his way to the forest-court: bus hurft; and annually amounts to about this privilege is now compounded by

; seven hundred pounds, which is the an annual fee of a buck and a doe. fum required.

Besides these ancient officers of the Under the woodward are twelve rç- forest, there is one of later institution, garders; and to these indeed chiefly fince timber became yaluable as a mais delegated the executive part of his terial. He is called the purveyor, and office. The regarders seize the hedge is appointed by the commissioner of bills, and axes of trespassers ; present the dock at Portsmouth. His busioffences in the forest courts; and finess is to assign timber for the use of allign such timber as is claimed by the the navy. The origin of the pure inhabitants, and borderers of the fo. veyor is not earlier than the reign of rest, for feuel, and repairs. Of this Charles II. in whose time five hundred inferior wood, there are great quan- oaks, and fifiy beeches were annually tities alligned, on every side of the assigned for the king's yards; and this forest. 'I can only speak of my own officer was appointed 10 assign them, affignment, as vicar of Boldre, which But it being found, that the forest is annually twelve load.

could ill supply so large a quantity of Besides these officers, who are in oak, instead of five hundred, the effect the officeis of the crown, as they number was afterwards reduced to are appointed by the lord-warden, fixty; which, together with fifty there are four others, called verderors, beeches, are still annually afligned. who are commonly gentlemen of pro- The puryeyor has a fallary of fifty perty and interest in the neighbour- pounds a year; and fix and eighthood, and are elected, like the knights pence a day, when on duty, of the shire, by the freeholders of I shall conclude this account of the the county. These officers, fince officers of the forest with the singular the justiciary-in-eyre has been a fine. character of one of them, who lived cure, are the only judges of the foreft- in the times of James and Charles I.

The Verderor is an ancient It is preserved in Hutchin's History forest officer. His namę occurs in the of Dorsetshire, earliest account of forest-law, But The name of this memorable sportsthough his appointment has at pre: man, for in that character alone he fent à democratical cait, it is proba- was conspicuous, was Henry Hastings. ble that he was formerly a royal offi. He was second son to the Earl o. cer, and that his election by the free- Huntingdon, and inherited a good holders of the county was extort- estate in Dorsetshire from his mother



« AnteriorContinuar »