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State of the BAROMETER in inches and decimals, and of Farenheit's THER

MOMETER in the open air, taken in the morning before sun-rise, and ar nuon ; and the quantity of rain-water fallen, in inches and decimals, from October 31st 1791,

to the 29th of Nov. near the foot of Arthur's Seat.

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13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 2 ( 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29

41 38 40 42 38 39 35 43 40 44 45



29.475 S


47 51 45


38 40

0.08 0.06 0.04 0.1 0.06 0.535 0.65

42 42"

40 43 38



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Description of the View prefixed to this Number.



THE town of Kirkwall is situated It is 226 feet long, and 56 feet

on the Main-land of Orkney, an broad. Tlie height, from the floor -ålland called by the ancients Pomona. to the top of the steeple, is 133 feet. It was erected into a royal burgh The height to the main roof, is 71 when the Danes poffeffed it, and the The eait window in the place of worship charter of confirmation by King James is i 2 feet broad, and 36 fetthigh. The the Third, is dated at Edinburgh, the church is built with arches above arches, Jast day of March 3486. This Char- and these are supported by 28 pillars,

was afterwards ratified by King each 15 feet in circumference. The Jaines the Fifth, and King Charles ficeple rests on four pillars of excellent the Second.

workmanihip, each 24 feet in circumThe Cathedral of Kirkwall is an ference. There have been originally ancient structure. It was founded by 100 windows, 72 of which are now Rogwald, (Rolland?) Earl of Orkney, fhux up. In the year 1679, the pyabout the year 1137, and dedicated to ramid of the fleeple was burat, having his cousin Saint Magnus, the tatelary been ftruck with lightning, by which faint of the country.

Afterwards, fome of the ancient bells were destroywhen the islands were recovered froin ed, but there still remains a chime of Norway, it was considerably enlarged three. and beautified by different bishops. The ruin on the left side of the plate It is built in the form of a cross, of red - is what is called the Bishop's palace. free-stone. Though at prelent, from It was built by Patrick Stewart Earl the deficiency of funds, but meanly of Orkney in 16c6, and, after his exefupported, it is a venerable monument cution in 1614. became the residence of the architecture of the ciutes, and of the Bishops of Orkney. of the power of fuperftition in a remote country.

To the Editor of the Edinburgh Magazinç.


reader will, I believe, acknowledge I

Had occasion la:ely to read some the propriety of one preliminary obfer

part of Mr Boswell's Lite of Dr vaiion, which is, that I curtainly had Johnfon, wherein I lind, thai lo very a righe to be made acquainted with imperfećt a narrative is given of a cis- the purpose of Mr B. to lay before the cunstance in which I am interested, pubhc ine particulars of cur dilccurfe, that I must expect, from your impar. fo far as respected mylels; or, if he tiality, the benefit of having my own had formed no such pupole at the account of that matter inserted in your time when I received his invitation, respectable publication, the channel of of having his intention made kaowa universal intelligence.

to ne, at any rate, before it was carried I had indeed the honour to be a- into execution. As he has followed mong the guests of Mr Boswell, at neither of thole couries, I null take the Mitre Tavern, on the 6th of July up the matter as he has left it, and en1763, of whose conversation he gives deavour to do justice to myłelf come account Vol. I. p. 231. Every Mr B. thinks proper to say, that I


Y y 2

Chose, unluckily, as the subject of my should have thought of introducing ir Part of the conversation of that even the company of English gentlemen, of 'ng, the praises of niy native country. whom I had heard that one was inA very natural topic, if it had been fo; vincibly prejudiced against it, and fufbut upon that occafion very unsuitable pected that all might be under the inindeed. I began this hopeful panegyric fluence of unfavourable prepoffeffion, by saying, that there is fome very rich Johnson's dislike of Scotland is we!! land around Edinburgh. Dr Gold- kaow!, and formed a predominant part smith having driven me immediately of his character. He entered into from this fort by a fimple affertion of the subject himflf, and launched into the contrary, accompanied with a fneer- an account of that kingdom by na ing laugh, I took new ground, on means gratifying to a native of it, which be fupposes that I shought my- with that energy of voice and gesture self perfeâly fafe; and affertesd, ihat by which, as well as by conimand of Scotland has many noble, wild prof- language, he was at all iimes eminentpees. Johnson replied to this obser. ly distinguished. During this time, vation, by comparing Scoiland 10 although I had eyed this literary Norway and Lapland, and excited a Di&ator with some attention, I made roar of applause.

no remark of any kind whatever. But I am perfectly sensible of the ank- I now began to feel in behalf of my ward situation wherein an'; and I ventured, with fome is placed, who is obliged to make timidity, to ask Dr John on whether himself the theme of his own discourse: he had ever been in Scoland-Upon and I am also confcious, that many his answering in the negarive to this readers will confider the particulars question, I took occafion to say, (as of a conversation wherein that indivi- Mr B. chofe to remain flent) that aldual is solely interefed, as being though Scorland was in general less wholly onworthy their segard. Of cultivated than England, i he face of thefe, the former at present is unas the country more mountainous, the voidable, and the latter prefcriled by foil perhaps less fertile, and the feafons Mr Boiwell. Let me therefore try to furely more unfavourabl. ; yer, that make the best of both as they fandi fone particular parts of North Britain

Our author's memory is much in were certainly equal in beau!y and ferfault, v hen he says that I introduced tility to any in England * and ang subject of converfation when I was mentioned partievlarly, f Irightly rchis quest ar the time above mention- men.ber, the counties of Lothian and ed. The most inexperienced, and one Fife. I do nuo recollect that I faid az of the youngest perfons in a company, ny thing concerning its wild and noble of whem I had never till thar "time profpects. Yet it is very pollible that seen an individual, Mr B. excepted, I may have mentioned the rule mag. with whom I was very slightly ac- nificence of its highland regions. Tą quainted, I went there with the pur. all this Dr Johnson replied fimply in pofe of lifening, noi of speaking, and these words :-"Sir, I believe the beit of ieceiving, not of giving información. ll thing in Scotland is the road to I believe I am oet in general accufed of England.” My memory preserves obtruding subjects upon the persons no stronger trace ofthe rear of applause with whom I converse. And of a}wherewith fo many well-bred mera sarjects whatever, the praise of my concurred in honouring this enuncia-, pative country is the last which I tion, than my ear retains at this mu


* I have here delivered the sense of what I said,

not the words ia sihich it was ca pressed.

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