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airs by the ada

the rider is called giving aids to a against the fides of the horse s if a horse; for, as to holding up the horse is taught; they are then can gveight of a heavy unactive horse, by tmally prefwag him to violent action mere puhling ir is as imposible

' as to and if he is not, they render him inrecover him when falling down a pre- fenfible and incapable of being taught. cipice.

The frettiog of a hoc horse will hence, A horse is supported and helped by be excesive, as it can no otherwise be the hands and legs of his tider in every moderated than by che utmoft kill. action they require of him; henee he nels of the feats, hand, and legs of is fuid to perform his airs by the tids the rider. of his rider.

Colts at first are taught to bear a The fame manner is useful if a bit, and by degrees to pull at it. If horfe starts. For if when he is be- they did not press it, they could not ginning to fly to one side, you leg on be guided by it. ' By degrees they the fide'he is flying to, he ftops his find their necks Itronger than the arms spring immediately. He goes pait of a man, and that they are capable. what he started at, keeping itraight of making great opposition, and often on, or as you choofe to direct biri; of foiling their riders. Then is the and he will not fly back from day time to make them supple and pliant thing if you prefs him with both legs. in every part. The part which of all You keep his haunches under him others' requires most this plianey is she going down a' bill; help him on the neck. Hence the metaphor of ftiffdide of a bank ; more easily avoid the necked for disobedient. A horfe canwheel of a cárriage and approach not move his head but with the muscles more gracefully, and nearer to the of his neck : this may be called his fide of a coach or horfemran. When helm ; it guides his course, changes a pampered horse curvets irregularly and directs his motion. !imo and twists his body to and 100, türn Theufe of this pliancy in the difhis head either to the right or left

, or :ferent parts and limbs of a horse is both alternately (but without betting not neceffary to be thewn in-this.elay, him move out of the track), and prefs which is directed solely to the inexyour leg tot the opposite tide ; your perienceit'horseman. It way, therefore, horse then cannot spring on his hind- fuffice to adds that his idea of suppleer legs to one side, because your leg ness meed only be, that of an ability prevents him ;

nor to the other, be- and readiness in a horse to move every cause his head looks that way, and a limb, ons ài kign given hin by the horse does not start and spring to the hands or legs of his rider : as- also, to fide on which he looks. Here it may bend his body, and move. in-a. short not be amiss to observe the impro-- i compafs, quick and collected within priety of the habit which many riders

: hímfelf, fo as instantly to be able to have, of letting their legs 'ihake perform any other motion.


Anecdotes & Fraits_CharacteristiquesAnecdotes and Characteristic Circum

stances in the Life of Joleph 11. latè Lurperor of Germany, to which is

prefixed bis Teftament. By Madame de R. TI

HOUGH we have received only dotes, etbey are too interesting to be the first pumber of these aneca . passed over in filent expectation.


The first part, as the title mentions, state of the kingdom, and the blelinge. is the will of the emperor, dated at it derived froin ihe emperor. Vienna, the 18th of February, 1790.

Most beneficent Emperor, This will hews equal judgment and This is the employinent of the reflection : we shall copy only two of week! Four days in repairing che the articles:

roads; the fifih is destined for the I ordr, that the moment I cease fisheries ; and the sixth for the chace to exift; the sum of 10.000 forins be all for the benefit of my superior : delivered to the different parishes of the feventh belongs to God. Judge, this city and suburbs, to be distributed moft just fovereigt, if I can pay the to the modelt and indigent pour; that länd-tax, and the other imports.? they may pray for me.

Joseph, who, in these countrymen, : I order, that the present testa- faw creatures like himself, who was ment, containing my last will, be pub- fenfible that one man was not born to Jished after my death; and I request be the lave of another, and that coun those, to whom I may, contrary to my trymien, withi, rude exterior and rustic intention, have not done ample jaftice, garments, often covered noble and to pardon nie as Chriftians and men. compassionate hearts, lightened the I bestech them to confider, that the chains of the Hungarian pzafants, and monarch on his throne, as well as the confidered of means entirèly to debeggar in his but, is a man, and each Itroy them. He knew that the feua fubject to the fame errors.'

dal system originated from the misfora Joseph II. was a great traveller; tunes of former ages; from the igno. but from the account before us, it was rance and superstition of the people ; with a delign of knowing mankind, and that it was supported by personal for from an idle curiosiiy. The ob- iticerefts, and by prejudices. He faw, jeet of his travels in- bis own country, with a secret horror, men harnessed fays thč author, was to examine the to the manorial car, like beasts of burfuil, the different productions, the thed, and re-established them in their inhabitants, whose manners and laws native privileges. By this action he differ so much, that their complicated drew on Himfelf the hatred of the Variations check, and often frustrate, nobility, the efforts of government. He wilhed. During his last residence at Lux. to ascertain, withi his own eyes, the embarg, a select party met daily in his - tecellity of reformis, and the proper circle. One day the conversation had encouragements, so as to act with the been very serious, and Joseph faid, if greatest advantage for his subjects, atiy one will honour my tomb with an whom he considered as his children. epitaph, let it be the following: With this defign: he travelled through « Here lies Joseph II. who failed in Hungary in 1767 and 1773. all his undertakings." Unfortuescaped his fcrutinizing eye. He vienate Joseph I the ineasure of the ills liced the fortrell-s , fair the prisoners was not yet full; it was not as a for confined in them; received with hiu vereign that thou shouldest feel dif. manity, free from oftentatiori, the pea é trefs; it was as a man; as a map of titions which a. vait crowd of


• the most refaned feasibility.' description presented; and, whether During the whole of the night of he was obliged to proceed of to re. the 18th of February, 1790, the emmain, he particulațly attended to them. peror sent hourly tú enquire after the We cao scarcely conceive the impref. arch-duchess Elizabeth, whofe apfoa which the following billet, put proaching delivery cauld not be con. into his hards in Huagary, must have cealed from him. Athalf after seven excited. We muy judge from it the in the morning he received che news

VOL. XIV. No. 82.

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of the birth of a priocess, but the mo- himself for having occafioneď hint ther had just expired in the most fome unealiness.

I feel none, redreadful torments. Her death must plied he, but on account of your be known, and his confeffor was com- Majesty's situation. The old count missioned to inform him of it. Joseph, Haddick was so much affected by the overwhelmed with this anexpected scene, that he was carried away

inseaftroke, was-for a moment filent, and fihle. From that moment he never turned away his head to conceal the quitted his bed, and died a few dayslast tears that trickled down his cheeks. after his fovereign. A deep Sigh seemed at last to relieve Joseph ordered the infant princess bis oppressed bosom ; he lifted his to be brought to him, and taking it eyes, yet fult of tears, to heaven, and in his languid arms, kified and bathed faid, with a resigned voiceaLord, it with his tears. • Dear infant,' said thy will be done." When he recol- he, true portrait of the virtuous and tected himfelf, he saw the Count de amiable mother! Take her away,

for Rofeinberg, and said to bim with an my last moment is at hand. He then anguifh impossible to be defcribed called his confeffur, who was begin

My sufferings are incredible : I was ning to pray-God, we praise theem " prepared to support whatever Hea- 'when the emperor interrupted him

ven might have inflicted; but this is Lord, thou who alope knoweft my “ dreadful misfortune exceeds what- "heart, I call thee to witnefs, that I * ever I bave Hitherto experienced.” “had no object in any


underThe arch-duchess was his beloved fi- “'takings but the good and bappiness

ster, and at the moment of her deaths of the subjects thou hast committed * his own was inevitable, and the hour “ to my charge-Lord, thy will be but shortly diftant.

of done?” He then fuffered his conIn this moment of diffess, however, he was careful in his political arrange At four in the morning the emper. ments, and attentive to the welfare of or awaked, after a slight flumber, and his subjects. He ordered the cave, in field-marthal de Lalcy, the Prince of which the emperors were usually de- Deitricht, count

de Rosenberg, and posited, to be opened, that those whose the Baron Storck, who watched in curiosity would lead them to press for his room, went to his bed. You are ward, at the moment of his funeral, Aill here,' said he. He requested the might not be injured by the noxious baron to give him somethir.g comforte vapours: he fent the chancellor an or- able, and took a little foup. The conder, written with his own hand, for a fessor, whom he asked for, read praymillion of boring to be taken out of ers again. At the words>We rehis private property, for the fupport pose cur confidence on faith, hopes of an inftitution for the relief of zhose and love the emperor repeated faith brave foldiers who had acquired ho- aloud, hope in a lower tone, but very nour in the field.

distinctly, and love, with great arOn the day of his death he saw his dour. \ It is enough, added he ; ministers, and again took his leave iz ? this book of prayers will be of no they stirred: not from his apartment.

• farther use to me: I give it to you, . I die,' said be to the brave Laudohn, prefeive it for love of me.'. A few

I die, happy in being certain that moments afterwards he said. I think you willbe the protector of my army: I have fulfilled eñery duty as a man, give me your

hand, I shall soon lose and as a king.' Turning on bis fide, • the pleasure of presling it in mine.' he breathed a few moments with diffin To the cardinal Megazzi hc excused culty, and expired.


“ feffor to go on.

LIST of several of the most eminent PAINTERS of the Old School with a Scale

of their Merits ; found among the Papers of a diftinguished Artift latöly der cealed.









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LBANO, born 1578, died 1660
Flem. Albert Durer, bora 1470, died 1528 >

87010 8

12/16 91 811 & Flor.

Rom. Barcche, born 1528, died 16.12.
James Bafran, born 1553, died 1613

Ven. John Bellin, born 1421, died 1501
Bourdon, born 1513, died 1588 1,904

10 8 814 Le Brun, born 1620, died 1690 ?bor in

16.16 8.6 с

6 ; 21 cm Ven. Claude Lorraine

$81816.0 Lom. Caracci, born 1557 died 1606

1517 : 3/13 Lom. Correggio, born 1494, died 1534

13131513' 32

Rom. Daniel de Volterra, born 1509, died 1556

12 15 5 8 Flem. Diepembek, born 1608

BijU 90"; T1 10 14 6 Lom. Dominichino, bern 158, died 2641

1517 9:17

Ven. Giorgioni, born 3477, died 1511

89184 Lom. Guerchino, born 1598, died 1666

1810 104 Lom. Guido, born 1575, died 1642

013) 9/12

H. Flem. Helben, born 1498, died 1544


19.101613 Flem. James Jourdans, born 2594, died 1678

Jo 8.161.6 Flem. Luc. Jordano

1312 0.6 Rom. Julio Romano, born 1446, dicd 1500 ,

516 414

L. Lom. Lanfranc, born 1581, died 1647


5 Rom. Leonardo da Vinci, born 1445, died 1520

1816 4 14 4 Flem. Lucas de Leide, born 1495, died 1535

Rom. Michael Angelo Buanarotti, born 1474, died 1564

817.48 Lom. Michael de Caravaggio

6 8116 o Ven. Mutiens, born 1528, died 1599

13.90 Flem. Otho Venius, born 1556, died 1634


Ven. Palma. the Elder, born 1460, died 1556

5 6.16 o Veno Palma the Younger, born 1544, died 1628


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Rom. Parmefan,
Ven. Paul Veronese, born 1532, died 1588
Rom. Perrin del Vague, born 1500, died 1547
Rom. Pietro de Cortona, born 1996, died 1669
Róm., Pietro Perugino, born 1524. died 1602
Ron., Poladore de Caravaggio, born 1595, died 1643
Ven. Pordenon

Poullio Nich. born 1594. died 1665
Rom. Primatrice, died 1570

Rom. Raphalel, born 1483, d'ed 1520
Flem. Rembrandt, born: 1606, died 1668
Fler. Rubens, boru 1577, dice 1649

:, S.
Rm. Salviati, Fra. born 1310, died 1563
Fra Le Sueur, boro 1617, died 1655

Flem. Teniers, born 1382, died 1649

Romi Pietro Tefta, born 1617, died 1650
Vene Tintoret, born 1512, died 4594,
Verse Titian, born 1477, died 1576

Flem. Vap Deik, born 1599, died 1641
Rom. Vanius, born 1556, died 1634


Rom. Tadeé Zuecre, boro 1529, died 1556

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A. Memorial of the most rare and swoud. rful Things in Scotland *.

many commodities that cundi le, that at every lambing time,
Scotland hath coin'mon with or they produce at least tko, and crdina
ther nations, iç is not needful torre rily three. There be neither venemeur
bearfe in this place, in respekt of their or, say:nous beasts bred ı'vere, nor doe
particulars, declared at length before : ; liue there, asthough they be transport:
it is beautified with some fare gifts in ed thither.
itselfe, wonderful to conøder, which I Io Schetland, the Iles called Thu-
have thought good not to obfcure Læ, at the time whep the funne enters
(from the good reader) as for exam the ligne of Cancer, for the space of.

twenty daies, there appeares no right In Oiknay, besides the great flore at all, and among the rocks thereuf, of sheepe chat feede vpon de maine growes the delectable Janibre, calo lande thereof, the ewes are of fuch fe. led fuccinum: whetë is also great

resori From “ Certeinc Matters concerning the Realme of Scotland, 159%;":

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