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foathsome. But the point here is, was abundantly unfavourable to his that he was mistaken in the man; in pretensions to govern a nation ; but himself, Bolin broke was only politi- the greater weakness yet of lerring it cal in his underft.nding, tut noi at be felt, much augmented the disqualiall so in his character. Win a strength fication. There was more yet against of head capable of the high ralon, him. His egotisin tainted his polihe wils cout'cutionally reduced below tics, and, even in then, mechanically even the common standard of mankind fubordinated to personalny his better by fome of its lowelt pallons. While knowledge and underilanding. Knowan astonishing comprehensiveness of ing perfeâly the French Government, mind enabled him to einbrace, in fpe- he cordially despised its despotism, and culation, a whole universe, the ego. its mode of administration; and yet tilm of his character contracted that the circundance of his residence in immcnse fphere to a point, to an aton, France had so Frenchified his politics, to himself. Thence it was that he was that, probably without himself being ever capitally deficient in that indis- sensible of the warp, it had given him pensable qualification for Government, a fort of predile&tion for the Court af efpecially in this country, the social Versailles, which made him see the ceneni: a vanity extremely worthy of faults to us of Auftria in too alienatsuch great talents, with - thich it is, ing a light. But had his place of regenerally speaking, justly enough held fuge been in Vienna in lieu of Paris, incompatible, fure as it eternally-is to and he had married a German lady, defeat their effcct; his vanity, I lay, instead of a French one, there is all lost him the support of others, who, the reason to think that, from mere with less pretensions to merit, were egotism, his local and personal ideas equally, though therefore the less of politics would have taken the fhamefully, vain. There could not Antigallican impression as strongly, forgive him that superiority of his, of and with infinitely more good policy, which his impolitic display offended than they did the Anti-Austrian. It their self-love too much to let them was this political herefy that, at leaft, do juitice to his merii, whenever his appears to have been caught from interest or his ambition cine in com him by one of his pupils, the penpetition with theirs, Then it was rioned orator, who, without knowthat they took their advantage of all ledge or examination, fervilely took his faults against all his merits, which' that doctrine upon cruft from him, many, however, when there was no- andl, with infinitely inferior talents thing to be bolt by confefing an ad- and alitiesaped him in his premiration of them, would not fcruple fumprion of fuperiority enough to to admire, for the sake of the air or govern nations";" his füccess in which of the filmy

un of admiring them. wol impudent claim would have beurs The iruth then was, that the excel a fine jokë to Bolingbroke, if he had lence of his head was ever de rimen- lived to see it. tal to himself, for, his not having in 1; been elsewhere noted, how his heart any thing of that indispenf.' he came to be introduced to the late able, locial virtue, due deference Prince of Wales, from whom he reand refi cet for he judgment of cthers. ceived great fivours, which he repaid, This was totally excluded by the pa- by <pparently intefting his e vure with rami unt opinion he had of his own a partialliy fom France, which, it is sufficiency, which gave him an im- much e be fearei, is at this moment patience of contraçiction that made operating, and than which there can him the Tarquin of society. The hardly he conceived a weakness more Meakne's then of fuch vanity alone pregnant with danger and detriment

Vol. XIV, No. 82.

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to onr national system. Both Great few, he was still a God, compared to Britain and Hanover have already had such idiots a3 we have fince seen in abundantly reason to execrate the fac place, favour, and power. crifice of ihe House of Austria, and As to Mr Pope, the attribution to its consequent alienation from their him of political talents, either in accommon interest in a stedfast oppofi. tuality or poflibility, is entirely in lion to the. Houfe of Bourbon, who Bolingbroke's character, of which have been wife enough to avail them- Self was constantly, even to a degree feloes of that egregious folly; a folly of blindness, the centre. It was lin of which there is great reaton to con- terally himself that he was extolling in jecture that Britain and Hanover have that great poet, who, in polities and not yet done with feeling the perni- philosophy looked up to him as to his cious consequences. Unhappily this * Master and Guide." Upon thofa is one of those useful truths which, wo objects, in matter of opinion, for their being fo, are but the more Pope, in verse, was the duplicate of likely to be cast away on the invete- Bolingbroke in prose: Dazzled by the Tacy of an early prejudice, or the falfe brilliancy of his parts, and captivated Honour of obstinacy in error, and on by his admiration of them, Pope sathe want of vigour of mind 10 expel crificed to him any fense he might a poison it las once received:—Mean- hare of his own, with such unreserva while, is there not fome reason to fuf- ed submission, as to tame even the pect that an undue complaisance to the natural ferocity of Bolingbroke's geFrench Court must have beea at the nius ; insomuch that, with a heart tobottom of that fcandalous Quebec tally incapable of friendship, he gave Ac?' The suffering such a religion in himself the air of it with a man weak the British dominions, on the prio- enough to be fo thoroughly fubdued ciples of justice and humanity, might by him. Then it was, that finding be very right, especially as bare fuf- him, on politics and government, the ferance implies reprobation; but sure- faithful echo of his own sentiments, ly for a British Parliament to Exact the he vended him to Champeaux as a pofupport of it was going rather too far. litician, on much the fame principle

To tolerate is only a connivance, but of vanity that he had palmed upon to establish is an approbation.

himself and others a lilly mistress of There is not, however, here his for a rit, in confequence of the meant a minute discussion of all the knack the had got of repeating, like reafons whiich grew out of facts, for parrot, fome excellent things he had not acceding to Bolingbroke's opinion heard him say, and which he chose to of his own capacity, in a political forget tie had faid. No sooner howlight, for

governing Nations." ever was Pope in his grave, than the That would carry me too far. Lord very man who had considered him as Chesterfield, who adinired him, could equal to the “ Government of Nanot, on observing the great disparity tions," picked a quarrel with his mebetween his understanding and cha- mory, and treated him as little less racier, help crying out pathetically, than a felon for a transaction in which Ab! la pauvre Humanité.!! “ alas! malice itfelf could impute to Pope no: for

poor humankind !” (an exclama- guilt but that of an excess of admiration, the justice of which, by the ation for a very trivial common-place way, was not a little "exemplified in production of Bolingbroke's, and Chesterfield himself.). Yet, not to be which, though even fubmitted to his unjust, Jet Bolingbroke have, at least, correction, would scarce have done the benefit of contrast. With all his honour to a young collegiate. faults, which were neither little nor Thrice happy Eaid! Happy in bar

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ing, by a predemise to Bolingbroke, posible not to despise ; saved him from escaped the pain it must have given the horror of seeing the triumphs of him to discover the perfidy and inhu- imposture, whether in the success of manity of a man whom, he had to Mock-Patricts, or of False Friends! much admired, esteemed, and con- falfities these of incomparably the lidered as his friend !Happy, in worst consequences, fince whole nanot living to see the fad accomplish- tions are affected by them. A play ment of his own prediction of a ge. on words may be only a fin againit neral Dunciad to a public that appear. wit; but the sporting of sentiments is ed to him even then at its last

yawns ; treason to mankind. as he could even then, in the mani Here I ought not to conclude with, festly growing and perfeály natural out fome clucidation of the character union between fordid, avarice and of Mons Pouilly de Champeaux, the rank stupidity, easily foresce that de- third Member of Lord Bolingbroke's · pravity of taste fo likely to replunge imperial, triumvirate.

that the land into those depths of bar- cication would come on vre authentibarism and darkness, but of which it cally from his countrymen who best had emerged through the immortal kuew liim, I shall but jut mention geniuses of a Shakespeare, Milton, that he was a writer much elteemed and oiher luminaries of other times for the elegance and spirit of humathan these; times in which true wit, nity that breathe throughout his literfublime nature, seem to be leaving the ary productions; the generally moft field to that eternal refuse of rafte; efeemed of which is his Thory of frigid conceits, strained allusions, Agreeabl. Sensations. As to his poli. childish gingles of founds, and even tical powers, I cannot say I ever to puns, that lowest of all, the vile at- heard of their being so celebrated as tempts of dullness at wit and humour. to zathorise this more than compliment

Once more Happy Bard! in this, to him on Lord Boling broke's part. that friendly death faved him from This then I am forced to leave under the vexation and ignoning of a sub- the uncertainty to which my not jection to a scarce interrupted series knowing more of him naturally conof such men in power as it was hardly demns me.

Address to the People of England, by the Disenters in the West Riding

Yorkshire.

E, the Commitice of the Pro- property of our 'bretliren in that part

to

Ministers of the three denominatioos the civil Judge las already decided in in the West Riding of the county of the regular exercise of his office; and York, now affembled at our fated we fincerely compaffiunite the unhapQuarterly Meeting, cannot, in justice yy wretches, who, as a falutary ex

our ourselves and to the general ample jo others, have been sentenced cause of Religious Liberty, pass over to expiate their crimes with their lives. in filence the attrocious acts which "But we deem it still necessary, on our have been lately committed in the part, to obviate the invidious mifretowo and neighbourhood of Birming- presentations of our priociples and ham. On the illegality of the vio- conduct which have produced this falence which hath been offered to the natical sp:rit, and which appear to us

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position to all our profel.

to have a higher origin, as they are berty which we equally give and take: ftill induitriously circulated, for the for we dare not judge another's fermost part by anonymuus writers, in vant, knowing that to his own mafsome of the public prints.

ter he must stand or fall; we should The specious cry of Church and think it impious to intrude between King bath been arifully affúmed by the conscience of a brother, and that our enemies, with an evident design venerable Being who alone knoweth to make the ignorant belicve tiae we his heart. are enemies to both, and that neither With these sentiments it is imposacan be safe while we are luffered to ble that we should have an unfriendly exift.

disposition to the members of the efia. That we are not members of ihe bli/liment. We cannot deny them Church of England we have always that right to a personal choice which openly avowed, by the clearest and we exer: ourselves. We mav eteem moft decisive of all declarations, an it our duty to address them by rgula uniform course of conduct. We can- ment, and to, urge upon them the not submit to her authority in matters reasons of our own belief and pracof faith. We cannot appropriate to tice; but we cannot, without a racal Oartelves, in a folemn act of religious dereli&tion of our principles, and a we should not be permitted to adapt fons, have recourse to violence, or emto our own views, by the alteration or ploy any ill:beral artifice in support of omision of a single fentence. We our cause." While they retain their cannot discover in the dilcourses of present opinions, we matt be earneftly Chrift, or the writings of his Apostles, Llicities that they may preserve the any foundation for that diftinâion of undisturbed enjoyment of their articles, Tanks in the Christian Ministry which their fiturzy, and their epifcopal gois prescribed in the episcopal i rm of vernment. We have, indeed, no prichurch government. We cannot ac vare interest which can fistulate us cede to rules of faith or modes of to acts of unchriliian hostility. We wowhip, in which the ciril Magi- have no defire that our Own opinions, strate claims a rigin of interference. or made of worship fhould be fupportIn our religious sentiments, and in ed by the civil magitirate, or by the such of our actions as are: purey re- act of a legal impoit. We are ligious, we call no man Mafter upon to trust their prefervation and inereale. carth; we rest entirely co the fuffici- to the force of truth, and the convicency of the scriptur: s, and the right tion of mankind. And whaiever may of private judgment. This is a right be our views concerning the ablolute which the Reformers of the English authority, or general expedience o: a Church themselves exercised, when religious eítal lifhment, we reforce in they feparated from the Church of the benefits which are actually proRome ; and it is the only right which duced by the diligent inttractin and we assume as the ground of our dillent. exemplary' conduct of is vinifters, In the exercise of it we are led 10'a We esteem à clergyman who rcficles great adversity of sentiment: and we in his parish, and is at once the friend, certainly disagree with each other in the guide, and the pattern of his flock, religious opinions more than fime of

to be one of the most respectable, beus differ from the doctrinal parts of the cause he ranks with the most useful eltablished Creed. But in this we of human characters. We are fo far acquiefce, as the unavoidable effect of from wifning ill to any of the Clersy personal enquiry in the present state cf of the English establithnient, that we the human understanding. It is li: should feel lively pleasure in the re

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countrymen. The aggregate of the live in an age, which has produced a

moval of every circumliance which ap- fiderable. , It is, moreover, for the
pears to us at present to impede their most part of that kind which would
comfort and usefulness. We will not be the foonest affected by civil conten-
hesitate to declare, that, in our appre: tions: It is chiefly veled, in com-
henfion, their fi:uations nondo be lia mercial fock, or the machinery of
ble to much fewer object ors. if they maruficories; and much of it
were left to the free ftudy of the Sa- may be diffipated in an hour, by
cred Writings. unfertered by fui fer p- the fury of bigoted, or the ra-
tion to human explanatións: if plura. pacity of unprincipled infurgents. The
lites were ablolu'ely prohibited ; if state, therefore, has a valuable pledge
the poorer livinge were encrealec, by for our good behaviour, and might
a distribution of the aniple revenues reft fecure from any appri henfion that
which are now attached to finecure we are inclined to diAurbits tranquil-
dignitie's ; and if their stipends were liy, even if our past conduct had not
not faised in a mode which has a na- furnith d co strong a presumption of
nifest ende acy to perpetuate jealouties our pacific disposition. But the 'ex-
between them and the occupiers of perience of a century has witnessed
land. In fuggesting these imperfec- our quiet fubmiffion to the laws, and
tions in the pr: fent administration of our active regard the welfare of our
the church, without any vie:s of en- country, We have been engaged in
tering ourselves into its conmunion, no reb llion. We have favoured no
we do not conceive that we are action insurrections.
the part of its en ein.es; for whatever We are not averse to acknowledge,
increales its usefulneis, muft surely that, in conjunction with many emi-
add io iis ftrength and fatility: but nent characters who have no connec-
if we should happen to be miftaken in tien with us in our rcligious capacity,
the probable effect of all or any of we sincerely congratulate the inhabi-
these changes, our error cannot pro- tants of a neighbouring country, on
duce any just occasion for alarm. Nit their laté deliverance from the power
being included within its pale, we, of a defpotic government, and their
have no pretence for taking an active prefent Hatier ng prospect of being
part in its concerns : all that we can bleffed with the pofleffion of legal li-
with propriery do, is to offer our im- bertv, We have not the artogance
partial opinion, and to expre's our to believe that we are competent
benevolent withes: If the Church of judges of all the mealures that have
Eigland be ever found to want refor- been employer for the attainment of
mat:01, that reformation must origi- that invaluable good; we are well a-
nite in the wisłoni, and be compleat- ware that many imperiectoas bare als
est by the virtue of its own adhe- ways atiendid the bell deviledichemes

of hunan policy. · But wherever may
Such are the reafans of our diffent, be the errors, the defects, or the inex-
and such are our sentiments concero- pedience of fone of these plaus, we
ing the ecclefiaftical, elabliíhme t of think it futlici nilý evident, thar mire
this country. And we are confident, than twenty milf:cns of perpl, wło
that there is nothing in them which have long been pulitical ilaves, are
* can render us enemies to the State. now beceive freenen, 'In thisaufpicious

W: have as dear an interest in the ciange we anticiparea glorious addition public peace and prosperity, as the to the general happiness of mankind. proudest and most elevared of our We cxult in the relection that we

rents.

property, which is pofleised by indivi- body of Legislators, who, ty directly Heal Dillerters, is far from incon, disclaiming all offensive wars, have

prefeated

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