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Edinburgh Magazine,

OR

LITERARY MISCELLANY,

ÉOR OCTOBER 1791.

With a view of the OLD BRIDGE of AUCHINDİNNT.

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CONTENTS:
Page

Page
Regifter of the Weather for Oild

Diréčtions for. Inexperienced ber, 266. Horfemen,

295 Remarks by the lace King of Brut Anecdotes of the late Emperor fia on German Literature, 267 Joseph II.

304 Experiments on the oew.discgved. Scale of the merits of the most ed Paragelidum,

: 272

eminent Painters of the Old Description of the Plate, ibid School,

307 Account of Das Priestly, 273 A Memorial of the moft Rare and Observations on the Stare of liter . Wonderful Things in Scotland, 308 ature among the Fais Sex in.

Account of the Revolution at Delthe 16th Century,

276 bi, the Capital of the Mogul On the Effets of Capt. Cooks,et Empire,

peditions to the South Season 277 Account of Fohn Wilson the EngMemoirs of De Gilbert Jaccheur lith Botanist,

315 Professor of Philosophy at Ley

Account of the Pelew Ilands,

317 den,

282 Remarks on the land of HinGilpin on the Original State of Foi

ztan by Sir William Foes, 320 rests and their Inhabitants, 283 Observations on the Writings of Letter from Dr Jomon to

Mr

Vidary
Elphinstone on the Death of his

Review of ---Abitract of the Evi-
Mother,

287 dence on the Part of the Peti. Extract of a Letter from Lord tioners for the Abolition of the Bolinbrake to M. Pouil, de Cbitat Slave Trades

1328 peaux, with Remarks,

288 Covetousness its own punishment ; Address to the People of England a Tale,...

333 by the Diffenters in the West

Poetry,

337 Riding of Yorklhire, 291 Moathly Register.

339

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326

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State of the Barometer in inches and decimals, and of Farenheit's Ther:

MOMETER in the open air, taken in the morning before fun-rise, and at njon; and the quantity of rain-water fallen, in inches and decimals, front Sept. 31st 1791, to the 30th of Octooer, near the foot of Arthur's Sear,

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56

29.5254

48 48

8

57

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51 46 499

40

Ditto 11

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Rain 5310

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9 TO 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

50 56

Thermom. Barom. Rain. Weather
M. N.
44
60

29.25
43
61
29.725 0.05

Showers
45. 57 29.875

Clear
44
29.725 0,055

Shower
0,07

Ditto
52
62

0.06

Ditto 57. 29.325

Clear 29.4

Ditto
52

Ditrs
29-3357
29:-

0.45

Rain
42
29.75 0:35

Ditto
29.3
40, h53 29.625. 9.1.2

Ditto

6
35 53 29.375

Clear
44
29.24

0.125
45
29:375

Clear
51 29.45 0.22 vi Rain
51 29.35

0.085 Ditto 29.175 0:37.5 is

it Dittorius 28.9812

Clear 53

0:34

Raia i bio 51 28.4

0.025

Ditto 44 29.35

1.075

Ditta
33
52

Clear
55
29.9

Ditto.it 44 29.485

O.IT
35 46 29.9

0.15 Ditto
50
39,325

0.06 Shower
34
55
30.375

Clear
33 57
30.4.125

Dino

**?!!? 40

Cloudysk

2E * Quantity of Rain, 2.965 dies i xrw

1) url iti
1.433

De
Thermometer.

Days.

Barom.

48

51

45

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48 46

22

424

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23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

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Days.

5. 62 greatest height at noon. :. 29. 30.4125 greatest elevation 19. 33 leaft ditto, morning. 21. 28.4 least ditto

Extract of a Letter from the late King of Pruffia to M. de Hertzberg on the

Literature of Germany; its defects, and the means of remedying them : dated

in 1780. YMO

OU are surprised, Sir, that I do tion till the times of Cicero and of

pot join my voice to your's in Hortenlius, and of those illustrious applauding the progress which, as you writers who dignified the Augustan fay, German literature is every day age. making. I love our common country This short review points out to me as much as you do, and therefore I the progress of letters. I fee that an Shall not praise her till she has merit- author cannot write yell if the laned my praise. That would be like guage he writes in is rude and unproclaiming a man a conqueror before formed, and that, in every country, he has run half his course. I wait till people begin with the necessary before he has gained the prize, and then my they think of the agreeable. After the applause will be as fincere as it is de formation of the Roman Repúblic, it ferved.

fought to acquire territory, which it You know that in the Republic of cultivated, and whed, after the Punic letters, opinions are free. You see wars, it had taken a more stable form, objects in one point of view, Tinano a taste for the arts was introduced, ther : allow me to explain myself, and eloquence and the Latig language to lay before you my way of thinking were perfected. But I cannot help on this subject, and my ideas of an observing, that from the time of Scipio cient and modern literature with re. Africanus to the consulship of Cicero, fpect to languages, science and taste. there is an intewal of one hundred

I begin with Greece, which was the and fixty years.
cradle of the fine arts. That nation ? From this 'I conclude that profi-
Ipoke the most harmonious language ciency in any thing is a work of time,
that has ever exifted. Her first Theo. and that the feed which we plant in
dogians, and her first historians, were the earth mult take root, muft shoot
poets; these were the men who gave up, extend its branches, and acquire
the happy polifh to their language; strength before it can produce flowers
who invented a number of picturesque and fruit. Let me examine Germany
expressions, and who taught their fuc- by these rules, that I niay appretiate
ceffors to speak with giace, with po- without partiality our present situa-
liteness, and propriety.

tion : 1
divest my

mind of

every preFrom Athens I pass to Rome, and judice, that truth alo.re may

be

ту there I find a Republic truggling long former. Here I find a femi-barbarous with its neighbours, and fighting for language, divided into as many differglory and foriempite. Every thing ent dialects as Germany contains Proa in that government was active and vinces. Each.circle is persuaded that Warlike; nor was it till after the des- its own patois is the beit. We have truction of its rival Carthage, that it no work fortified with the national acquired a taste for the scienes. Scipio fan&ion which contains such a choice Africanus, the friend of Lelius and of of words and phrases as constitutes the Polybius, was the first Roman who purity of language. What is written protected letters. Afterwards came in Suabia is uninielligible at Hamthe Gracchi, and then Anthony and bury, and the style of Austria appears Crassus, two celebrated orators. But obfcure

in Saxony. It is therefore the Latin language and Roman elo- physically impossible for an author of quence did not arrive at perfec. genius to manage so tude a language

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proper and most expreitis I endeavour to dricoser con

with any degree op fuperior dexterity. of my compatriors, is to allow that we If we require a Phidias“ to execure a have had, in the insignificant walk of Gnidian Venus ; if we give him a block table, a Gellert who has obtained a of the purest marble, and suinish him place beside Phædrus and Ælop: the with the best implements of his art, poems of Canitz are tolerable, not on there is no doubt but he will succeed: account of the diction, but becaufe he but without tools ibere can be po artist, imitates Horace, though faintly. I Perhaps it may be objećied to me that will not omit the Idylls' of Gefner, the Grecian Republics had as many which have found many admirers; different idioms as we haves and that, however you will allow me to prefer even in our own day, the Provinces to them the works of Catullus, Tibul, of Italy are distinguished by a style lus and Propertius. If I turn nay and pronunciation peculiar to each eyes to the historians, I find only the These rruths I do not deny ; but let history of Germany by Profeffor Maf. them not prevent me from tracing the co, which may be cited as being leaft progrefs of things in ancient Greece, defective. Shall I give you my opieis well as in modern Italy, The ces nion fçcely on the merit of our oialebrated poets, orators, and bittorian's ters? I can then only produce the of these countries, seuled their lan- celebrated Quant pf Konigberg, who guage by their writings. The puttic, potfelfed the rare and liagular talent by facit confent, 'adopted ulie Ayle, of rendering his native tongie harn:othe phrases, and the metaphors which nious, and I mult add to pur shamç, thefe fuperior artills had enployed in that his merit has neither been actheir works: these phrases became knowledged nor famed. common, and gare richne:s, and cle. We expect that men should exert them. gance, and dignity to their respective felyes to attain eminence in any parlarguages.

ticular walk, if reputarion is not their Scoow thror betur en ese moment te wat deur and add tool

. ore gentle our own county : I hear talking a jargon destitute of harmony, poems in black, veife I once faw; which every one varies according in their cadence and harmony depended his own ceprice; I hear tenisem on a bappy alternation of Dayles ployed without scieétion; the moft and Spondees; they were lullifgced

; lected, and the fente of things con- tered with a contain furorous effe founded by a multiplicity of epithets. which I did not think our language

, and Virgils, pur Anacrçons, our Houthut.this is perhaps the kind of verlie races, our Demofteneses, our Ciceros, fication molt adapted to our idiom, our Thucydideles, our Liyys, but and far preferable to rhyme; it is promy labour is loft, fut I can find none bable, than if attempts were made 19 fuch. Let us be catdid, then, and improve it they would fucceed. honeftly confess, that hitherto the 'i I do nct talk to you of the Ger.

Pelles Lettres have not profpered in map thrane, Melpomere las noty our foil. Germany has had phi oso been wood but by ungainly tuiturs, phers who fuftain a comparison with fone mounted on tits, others fiounthe ancients, and who even furpass dering in the mind, and all of them, them in more than one di parimert of being ignorant of her laws, and incapphilosophicaldiscullion. Astothe Belles able of touching the pasions, es of in, Lettres, we must acknowledge our terefting the heart, have been discard. -poverty. All that I can giant to you, ed from her altars. The lovers of without making myself a vile flaitetu Thalia have been more fortunate ,

thcy

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