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At this early period he was flatter Captivated with the variety and anied by being held forth as a patron of mation of the metropolis, Mr BofLiterature; for Mr Francis Gentie- well was now earnest to have a comman published at the elegant press of million as an Officer of the Guards ; the Foulis's the tragedy of Oroonoko, but his father prevailed with him to altered from Southerne, and inscribed return to Scotland, and take fome it to him in a poetical epiftle, con time to consider of it. Wishing that cluding thus in the person of his his fon should apply to the law, which Muse:

his family had done for two generaBut where with honest pleasure she can find, Auchinleck took the trouble himself

tions with great advantare, Lord Sense, taste, religion, and good-nature join d, to give bim a regular course of inThere gladly will she raise her feeble voice, fruction in that science; a circumNor fear to tell that Boswell is her choice.

fiance of fingular benifit, and of He had acquired, from reading and which Mr Bofwc!l has ever expressed conversation, an almost enthusiastic

a strong and grateful fense. Mr Boswell notion of the felicity of London, at this time, but still without purting which he visited, for the first time, his name, only the initials, contributcarly in the year 1760, and his ar

ed several pieces to

Ä Collection of dent expectations were not disappoint- Poems by Gentlemen of Scotland,” pubed. He had already given fome fpe- lished by Mr Alexander Donaldson. cimens of a talent for writing in fe. Several of these were particularly disveral occasional essays, both in prose tinguished in “ The Critical Review.” and verse, without a name, and he in one of them he pleasantly draws foon obtained the acquaintance of his own character. It appears that he many of the wits of the metropolis, was very intimate with the Reverend having the late Mr Derrick as his in. Edward Colquet, one of the minitroductor into “many-colour'd life.” Iters of the Church of England Chaor, as he has pleasantly expressed it, pel at Edinburgh, a man who had livhis governor. But his views of the ed much in the world, and, with o. world were chiefly opened by the late ther qualities, was eminent for gay Alexander Earl of Eglintoune, one fociality. Mr Boswell thus speaks of of the most amiable and accomplished him: noblemen of his time, who being of the same country, and from his carli. And he owns that Ned Colquet the priest eit years acquainted with the family May to something of humour pretend; of Auchinleck, inlifted that young And he swears that he is not in jest, Bofwell Thould have an apartment of

When he calls this fame Colquet his his house, and introduced him into the circles of the great, the gay, and

We cannot but obferve, that there the ingenious. He in particular carzied him to Newmarket, the history altered. As for instance :

are traits in it which time has not yet of which Mr Boswell related in a poem written upon the spot, entitled, Boswell does women adore, is The Cub at Newmarket, a Tale;"> And never once means to deceive; which he published next year in quar. He's in love with at least half a score, 10, with a dedication to Edward Duke

If they're serious he smiles in his sleeve. of York, 10 whoin the author had been allowed to read it in manuscript, And that egotism and self-applause and had been honoured with his Rog- which he is still displa

would seem with a conscious smile : al Highness's approbation,





yet it

Boswell is modelt enough,

acquaintance of literary men, and Himself not quite Phoebus he thinks, particularly obtained that of Dr And

SAMUEL JOHNSON, from which fo

much instruction and entertainment He has all the bright fancy of youth,

has been derived. With the judgment of forty and five.

He fulfilled his addicional winter's In short, to declare the plain truth,

study of civil law at Utrecht, in which There is no better fellow alive.

that of Holland was intermixed, unHaving an uncomnion desire for the der the very able German professor company of men distinguished for ta. Trotz, and made excursions to other lents and literature, he was fortunate parts of the Seven Provinces particularenough to get himself received into ly the Hague, where he had this great that of thote who were considerably advantage of being treated with all his superiors in age ; such as Lord the kindness of relationship by M. Elibank, Lord Kaimes, Sir David Van Sorimelsdyck, one of the nobles Dalrymple, Dr Robertson, Dr Blaił, of Holland, from whose family he had Mr David Hume, Dr Carlyle, Mr the honour of being defcended; a Andrew Stuart, and others; and was daughter of that illustrious house havadmitted a member of the Select Socie. ing married Alexander Earl of Kinty of Edinburgh. He then passed his cardine, whose daughter, Lady Eliz trials as a Civilian before a Committee žabeik Bruce; was Mr Boswell's of the Faculty of Advocates. Perlift grandmother by the father's side. ing, however, in his fondness for the He then accompanied the late Earl Guards, ar rather, in truth, for the Marischal of Scotland into Germany; metropolis, he again repaired to Lun- and; being well recommended, passed don, in the end of the year 1762, re. some time at many of the Courts ; procommended to the late Duke of ceeded through Switzerland to GeneQueensberry, the patron of Gay, who, va s visited Rouffeau and Voltaire lie believed, was to obtain for him crossed the Alps into Italy, and not what he willied; but, perhaps from á only saw the parts of that delightful secret understanding with Lord Auchin- country which are commonly surveyed leck, it was delayed from cline to in the course of what is called the time, till, in fummer 1763; a com. Grand Tour, but others worthy of a promise was made, i hat if he would classical traveller's curioiity. During relinquish his favourite project, and a part of the time which he passed in Tefume the study of the civil law, for Italy he had the happiness of being one winter, at Utrecht, he should along with Lord Mountstuart, to afterwards have the indulgence of whole merits he has done justice in a travelling upon the Continent ; pro- Latin Dedication of his Theses Jurivided that on his return he should be- dicæ. Nor was it a circumstance of come an advocate at the Scotch Bar. small moment in the pleafunt and social

This year he, for the first tinie, scale that he met at Turin, Rome, appeared as an author with his name, and Naples, the celebrated John in a little volume of " Letters be- Wilkes, Efq; with whom he had always tween the Honourable Andrew Era maintained an acquaintance upon the fkine and James Bofweil,” Esq. a most liberal ierms, and with whom he publication in which he and his friend, enjoyed many classical scenes with a brother of the Earl of Kelly, indulg- culiar relish. ed themselves in a vein of singular

But Mr Boswell's travels were prinand sometimes extravagant humour. cipally marked by his visiting the During his residence in London at island of Corsica, the internal

part this time, Mr Bofwell cultivated the which no natiųe of Britain had ever VOL. XIV. No. 79.




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seen. Undismayed by the reports of apprehended; not to mention that its danger which were circulated, he pe- effect was said to be considerable in a netrated into its wildelt districts, and certain important quarter. He also was amply rewarded by the knowledge took care to keep the newspapers and which he acquired, and by obtaining other publications inceffantly warm the acquaintance of its illustrious with various writings, both in prose Chief General Paoli.

and verse, all tending to touch the On this account he was celebrated heart and rouse the paren:al and symby Miss Aitken, now Mrs Barbauld, pathetic feelings. His aid upon this in her poem called Corsica, by the occasion was acknowledged in some late Edward Burnaby Green, Esq; very well written letters by the “ worin,“ Corsica, an Ode;" and by Ca- thy Queensberry.” It is well known pel Lofft, Esq;; in his “ Praises of that the hard decree was reversed, Poetry.”

and that he, whom Mr Byfwell thus When Mr Bofwell was at Paris, in fupported, now enjoys the large proJanuary 1766, where he intended to perty of his family, and has also been pass the winter, he received accounts raised to the Peerage. of the death of his mother, which In 1768 Mr Boswell published" An obliged him to hasten home to his fa- Account of Corsica, with the Journal ther. In his way, however, through of a Tour to that Illand, and Memoirs London, he had an interview with Mr of Pascal Paoli,” in one vol. 8vo. Pitt, afterwards Earl of Chatham, This work is universally known, it with whom he corresponded concern-' having not only passed through several ing the affairs of Corsica. Some of editions in English, but been translatthe particulars of this interview, all ed into Dutch, German, Italian, and of which he committed to writing, he twice into French. Even the ftern has been heard to mention in a very Johnson, we find, thus praises it in a interesting manner. Soon after his re- letter to the Author : “ Your Journal iurn to Scotland, he was admitted an is in a very high degree curious and Advocate in the Court of Sellion, and deligh:ful. You express images which practised there for some years with operated strongly upon yourself, and good success.

you have impressed them with great In 1767, the great Douglas Caufe force upon your readers. I know being an object of universal not whether I could name any parration and interest, Mr Boswell gene- tive by which curiosity is better excitrously volunteered in favour of Mr ed or better gratiñed.” Douglas, against whose filiation the In the following winter Mr Boswell, Court of Session had decided by the ever ready to take the part of the incasting vote of the Lord President jured, was (though personally unDundas. With a labour of which few known to him) solicited by the late are capable, he compressed the fub. David Ross, Esq; to favour him with stance of the immenfe voluntes of a Prologue for the opening a Theatre proofs and arguments into an actavo Royal at Edinburgh, for which Mr pamphlet, which he published with Ross had obtained his Majesty's pathe title of “ The Ellence of the tent, but found a violent and oppresDouglas Cause ;” and as it was thus five party formed in opposition to him. inade intelligible without a tedious stu- Mr Boswell complied, and produced dy, we may ascribe to this pamphlet a what one of Mr Ross's great patrons, great share of the popularity on Mr the Earl of Mansfield, well characDouglas's fide, which was of infinite terised as a very good copy of verconsequence when a division of the ses, very conciliating.” Houfe of Lords upon an appeal was The effect of it, aided by friends


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properly planted in different parts of the had always declared himself averse.--.

Theatre, was instantaneous and ef. In short, he determined to become a fectual; the tide was turned, the loud- married man. For having experienced eft plaudits were given, and Mr Ross for a considerable time, without inwas allowed ever after to enjoy his termission, how agreeable a cor panion patent with all its advantages.

his coufia was, and how much her exIn the year 1769, Mr Boswell made cellent judgment and more fedate a visit to Ireland, where he spent fix manners contributed to his happiness, or seven weeks, chiefly at Dublin, and he proposed to her that they thould be enjoyed the society of Lord Charle- companions for life, reque{ting that mon', Dr Leland, Mr Flood, Drslae would do bim the favour to accept Macbride, and other eminent persons of him with all his faults, with which of that kingdom, not forgetting the ce she was perfectly acquainted; and tho' lebrated George Faulkener, the social he had uniformly protested, that a though laughable friend of Dean Swift large fortune was an indispensible reand Lord Chesterfield. Fortunately quisite if he should ever marry, he was for him, Viscount (now Marquis) willing to wave that, in conlideration Towafhend was then Lord Lieute. of her peculiar merit. She, with a eant, and the congeniality of their dif- frankness of character for which the pofitions united them in the most plea- she was remarkable, accepted of his fant manner.

offer; and this he has ever been heard Mr Boswell had a very near rela to say was the most fortunate circumtion (daughter of his granduncle Ge- Atance in his life. neral Cochrane, whose brother after Their marriage, it was agreed, wards succeeded to the Earldom of should not take place till late in the Dundonald) who was married to Ro- year, that he might first have an opbert Sibthorpe, Esq; a gentleman of portunity of revisting his friends in great consequence in the county of London, to arrange various particuDown. This served as an introduc. lars. In this interval occurred the Jution to much good society. But he bilee in honour of Shakespeare, at was still more obliged in that respect Stratford upon Ąvon. Thither Mr to the Lady who accompanied kim in Boswell repaired, with all the enthuthis expedition, Miss Peggy Montgo.. fiasm of a poetical mind, and at the merie, daughter of David

Montgome- masquerade appeared in the character rie, Efq; of Lanithaw, a branch of of an armed Corsican Chief; in which the noble House of Eglintoun, and character there is in the London M.representative, as heir of line, of the gazine of that year a whole length ancient Peerage of Lyle. She was print of him, from a drawing by Wale. his coulin-german, and they had, from This exhibition is recorded in the Pretheir earliest years, lived in the most in- face to the French Tranļation of timate and unreserved friendship. His Shakespeare. love of the fair sex has been already On the 25th November 1769 he mentioned, and she was the constant, was married to Mifs Montgomerie, a yet prudent and delicate, confidante of woman who contributed greatly to all his egarements du cæur et de l'esprit. his' happiness. With admirable fenfe, Her very numerous and respectable re- affection, and generosity of heart, The lations in Ireland thewed him every possessed no common share of wit and mark of attention, so that he quitted pleasantry. One of her bons mots is that country with fincere regret. This mentioned in Mr. Boswell's Life of jaunt was ihe occasion of Mr Bos- Dr Johnson. Thinking that the rough vill's resolving at laft to engage him. Philosopher had too much influence felf in that connection to which he over her husband, the faid, with some

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warmth, “ I have seen many a bear cause of the public in the work wluch
led by a man, but I never before faw. you were so good as 'tò transmit to
a man led by a bear.” . Once, when me.”
Mr Boswell was mounted upon a In 1785, an attempt having been
horse which he had brought pretty made to diminish the number of the
low by riding the county (as it is cal. fifteen Lords of Session in Scotland,
led) for an election, and was boasting Mr Boswell considering this as a viola-
that he was a horse of blood," I hope tion of the Articles of the Union,
so," faid she, “ for I am sure he has and besides a very pernicious measurę,
no flesh.Mr Boswell has a collec- wrote this occasion another
tion of her good sayings under the title “ Letter to the People of Scot-
of Uxoriana.

land;" which was so persuasive anci
He continued at the Scorch bar, forcible, that many of the counties of
with occasional, and indeed generally. North Britain assembled, and entered
annual visits to London, for many intosuch resolutions against the scheme,
years, as his father was averse to his that it was given up.
sertling in the metropolis. But there In 1785 Mr. Boswell published a
his heart was fixed, and we shall see “ Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides
that he in time yielded to his in- with Samuel Johnson, LL. D.;" a

work so well known, and so fucceffIn 1781, when Mr Burke was in ful, that it is unnecessary to say any power, thắt celebrated Gentleman thing of it. Thewed his sense of Mr Boswell's me He had at an early period entered him rit in the warmest manner, observing, self as a student of the Inner Temple, “We must do something for you for and from time to time kept his terms ; our own fakes," and recommended and having no longer the fear of dis. him to General Conway for a vacant pleasing his father, he determined to place, by a lètter in which his charac- try his fortune in Westminster-hall, ter was drawn in glowing colours. and was called to the bar in Hilary The place was not obtained; but Mr Term 1786. The following winBoswell declared that he valued the ter he removed his family to London. letter more.

His ambition in resolving to try his In 1982; by the death of my Lord, fortune in the great world of London, his father, he succeded to the estate was thus fanctioned by a letter to him of Auchinleck.

from Dr Samuel Johnson, which exIn 1783, when the extraordinary hibits at once a cautious and encourage Coalition of heterogeneous parties took ing view of it. - place, and Mr Fox's East-India Bill * I remember, and intreat you to

had been thrown out, and the coun- remember, that virtus eft vitium futry was in a ferment as to the monarchii- gere; the first approach to riches is cal part of our Conftitution, Mr Bof- fecurity from poverty. The condiwell was very active and very succes- tion upon which

you have my consent ful in obtaining Addresses to his Ma- to settle in London is, that your exjesty, and published « A Letter to pence never exceeds your annual in. the People of Scotland on the present come. Fixing this basis of security State of the Nation," which had much you cannot be hurt, and you may be effect, and of which Mr Pitt, then and very much advanced. The loss of ftill Prime Minister, thus expressed your Scottish business, which is all you himself, in a Letter to Mr Boswell : " I can lose, is not to be reckoned as any have observed with great pleasure equivalent to the hopes and possibili. your zealous and able exertions in the ties that open here upon you. If you


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