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covered two small islands, which he I think I can with confidence assert named Gower's and Simpson's Islands, that the Lands of the Arsacides, but was far from imagining that they and Choiseul Bay, are parts of the belonged to the Illands of Solomon, Archipelago discovered by Mendana; which he had sought so long, and aod, consequently, that the Islands of therefore

gave

himself no trouble to Solomon are actually about 1850 Spaexamine them.

nish leagues distant from the coast of Till our navigators shall complete Peru, and in the vicinity of New their discoveries in this interesting Guinea, as the early charts had ioand little knowa portion of the globe, dicated.

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Extracts from a Picturesque Description of Switzerland: By the Marquis de

Langle.

ENVI

RONS.

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The Rhine runs through the midBUBENDORFF, LASIL, AND ITS

dle of this place. It is at Bafil that

the Rhine becomes a river-beHYSICIANS extol the baths of P

comes beautiful becomes noble Bubendorff: I myself think and perhaps, even superior to its reputhat these baths are falutary, when tation. one receives pleasure from using them. In the circumference of a terrible Cheerfulness may be accounted a Phy- long mile, Basil contains no more sician, on account of its excellence: than twelve thousand inhabitants it may be termed the efflorescence and yet' it is termed a capital ! its of the mind; and is as necessary to it streets resemble a desert, and the as the blossoms and leaves are to trees grass with which they are incumbered and plants. Cheerfulness is a species is a disgrace to the people. of cosmetic-of virgin-milk, which The neighbourhood of this place is wards off the ravages of age, and delightful in the summer, and more which preserves to the features, the especially during the morning. It is skin, and the complexion, an air of in the morning that those scenes ought freshness and juvenility.

always to be visited; it is in the morn

l Basil has been fortified. Its ram- ing alone that they can be enjoyed ; parts are decayed, and they still al- it is in the morning that nature is low them to decay. So much the younge is frein ;--- I had almolt said, better. Drawbridges, bastions, red is a Virgin ! At ten or eleven o'clock, coats, aụd fierce cocked hats in

noon, the noise, the bustle, the spire the mind with a certain degree Jays of the fun, have already pala of melancholy, tighten the breast, luted her; the flowers no longer obstruct the perspiration, and tint emitting sweet odors, by this time beevery idea that arises with the co- gin to hang down their heads : the lour of blood. The heart contracts youthful hours of the day are vanished. itself, and occupies less space, on en- How few are the pleasures of life! tering a fortified place. I love to see We murmur, complain, and do not ramparts nodding towards their fall enjoy even the little portion of them - love open cities, drawbridges and allotted to us. How delightful it is baftions always portend misfortunes. to contemplate the dawn of day!

How

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:

Des habits courts, de grands bonnetslaas been thus familiarly trandated. Transe

How pleasant tò etjoy the forect per- bited the most delicious climates iti fumes of the morning! To rife early Afia after having inhaled all the is productive of one of the most ex perfumes of Timor, Aden and Surat ; quisite sensations in life, and yet after having trampled under his

; the Sun generally appears above the feet, the turquoise, the emerald, and the horizon, without finding any one to opal ;-after having been cloyed with admire his glory.

the delicate fruits and exquisite fpices

of the Moluccas, of the island of CeyTHE VIEW FROM THE VILLAGE Of ton, and of Arabia the Happy ;-atWILD TAVERNIER.

tracted and seduced by the recoltecBut if in all the universe there is tion of the sweetness and variety of an enchanted spot-a fpot in which thefe feenes, Tavernier abandoned mature most delights to sport, it is sure- Persia, left the Indies, bid adieu to by that in the midst of which Wild is 'the Indus and the Ganges, and reerected. From this town's two miles turned to end his days in Switzerland. diftant from Bafil, one may perceive We are in great want of a general every object in the universe that is map of Switzerland: We are in Horthy of admiration. From the win. great want of a topographical descripdows of its little church, you niay, tion of an original--of an universal with a fingle glance of your eyes view country--of a country, that in the Lorraine, Alface, part of Switzerland, space of feventy-five leagues, unites alınost all the Marquifate of Baden, all the features--all the fruation's all the Rhines the Birs, the Birseck, the peculiarities--all the vatieries, vallies, hills, a number of villages ; in fcattered up and down, from one pole frue, a horizon fo adorned and so im- to the other." Rocks, glacieres, tor. menfe, that the most warm and pictur- rents, rivers, lakes, caverns-Nature, effque imagination, can never be able to in all her forms, is to be found in conceive fuch charming landscapes, cr Switzerland and Switzerland, if fuch a joyous perfpective. What a pity one may hazard the expreffon, con that a gibbet, erected at about three tains the whole world in miniature. » thousand paces from the place where I And for whom is this füperband ma: food, thould have deformed' this su- gic gallery defigned-For whom are perb picture with its ghaltly fhadow!, thesegtand and sublime pictures of na

How proud I should be," fays ture intended forwhom this astonishing Cicero,“ how much glory should I not and rich creation For a cold, an in. at chieve, and how much my former fenfible, phlegmatic people.for a pèo. affociates would envy me, if the gods ple who do not feel for any thing, who were to decree, that my confaithip do not imagine any thing, who never Mould become the epoch, when Rome weep, and who are never affected for was to fee the crosses, the wheels, the a people incapable of lively emotions pillory, and the other figoals of exe- and firong pallions for a people who ention, which disgrace our public neter were acquainted with the deliplaces, disappear from within its rium, the enthusiafm of poetry and walls !” What would the Roman Ora- of painting ; nor the transports, the detor have faid, if he had seen in the lights, the agrecablenefles, the furies, neighbourhood of Wild, a scaffold the frantic and the fiery accents of an that stains and disfigures as it were, impashonied attachment. the richest and most ornamented spot We shall, no doubt, wait a long on the whole surface of the globe.? time for this chart, which we fo much

Switzerland, in general, may be stand in need of. Besides, the difficulty termed the country of fine prospects. of measuring a country intersected After having for twenty years inha. with chalms; mountains, and defiles,

whoever

a

a

CULTURE.

Whoever undertakes this talk, will also means of their peftilential vapours, and have to fubdue the fufpicious temper unhealthy fogs, destroy a number of the natives.--The Swiss always of children annually, while yet in’ look upon draughtsmen and surveyors, their cradle, and boys and girls in the as so many spies in the pay of foreign flower of their age. Thus lareiy pe-' countries. It has often happened that rished a charming young lady, whom painters and other travellers have been I faw in paling torough Anet; whom stopped in the midst of their labours, I felicitated myself with the hopes of and have with great difficulty escaped seeing again; but who, alas ! was a from the punishment due to traitors. corpse on my return !

The Economical Society of Berne have been occupied on this subject ;

the members have already laid a great MANUFACTURES OF SwitzERLAND- number of plans before the council; THE INHABITANTS DETEST AGR - but these are still to be considered as

so many plans, for they remain as yet

unexecuted. The Swiss carry on such an im- The cultivation of the earth has mense trade in printed callicoes and not always been despised in Switzerribbands, that they may be said to land; for their Historians recite the furnish half the world with top-knots, following anecdote with no smail beaus, cloaks and petticoats.' Sully, share of pride : the minister of Henry IV, looked on A Duke of Austria, while travelthose men as fools, who pretended to an ling on horseback from Rappeilwyl to uncommon share of intrepidity, by hav- Wintherthur, happening to cross the ing doubled the Cape of Good Hope ; fertile country of Kibourg, in the can.

-Sylly, who assigned to manufac- ton of Zurich, faw near to the highiures the last rank in political eco- road four noble horses harneffed to a nomy, who preferred the moit plough; a youth, who pofleffed a common fruit and pulse to all the charming person, directer their mom scarce and costly productions that tions, while an old man, whose hair the Indies could boait of, has advised was whitened by age, opened the furthe Swiss to abandon their looms, rows. Surprised at the superiour air and betake themselves to the plough, of the two labourers, no leis than the For want of labourers, one half of their beauty of the cattle, 'the Duke'stop, country remains uncultivated; they, ped, and turning towards the grand however, despise the earth, disdain master of the houshold, faid, I have its productions, and think that agri- never feen such respectable peasants, culture would dishonour them ! or such fine horfes before."

From thence proceeds the necessity not astonished, my Lord,” replies this of importing at a great expence, from officer, these are the Baron du Hugi the Milanese, from France, from Al- and his son: behold, at the foot of face, from the circle of Swabia, and yonder hill is the ancient castle belong the marquisate of Baden, corn, eata, ing to their family; and if you are bles, and provisions of all kinds, which still in doubt, to-morrow you will see the delicate hands of the inhabitants them come to do homage to you." disdain to procure for themselves. Accordingly, on the next day, the

From thence proceed those heaths, Duke perceives the same labourers arwhich seem to have no end-from rive on horseback at his court, attended thence thofe putrid and extensive by a numerous retinue of their vaffals. marshes (among others, that of Anet, After the Baron had paid the usual .n the canton of Berne) which, by homage to his fovereign, he presented Bb Vol. XIV. No. 81.

his

16 Be

his son to him, and entered into con- either into pasture or

corn lands :versation. The Duke being unable in tuch an age, I say, it is not a little to ilifle his curiosity, seized on this surprising, that the people of Berne opp :rtunity to satisfy his impatience. do not endeavour to drain the marsh of “ Was it yju,” says he, whom I saw Ane:. ye'terday near to the high way, holt- 'If I were a Lieutenant of the Poing a plough fuperbiy decorated ?" lice:" (this fingular excl mation is at, “ Yes, iny Lord," replies the Buron : tributed to a fovereign who loved his “ next to a war undertak o for the de- people,) “ If I were a Lieutenant of fence of one's country, I know of no the Police, I would prohibit cabrisoccupation mure horourai le for a gen. lets *.As for myself, were I at the tleinan, 'han that of cultivating his head of the republic at Berne, that inown etate; I herefore do this as an digent and sterile country which sur, example ro my my fon.”

rounds and composes the marsh of Thus thought, and thus acted the Anet should be drained and dedicatancient Swiss, who, equalling the Ro- ed to agriculture in the space of two inans in their courage, r sembled years. There is no land, however them alfu in their taste for agriculture barren it is, or however much it may and a country life. The fame hands be covered with briars and thoins, that wielded the lance, or carried tie but the spade and the hedging-bill banner, thought not themselves dif- will make it wave with a golden harhu!oure i byulig he spate, and vest, or bloom with roses. þright, ni':g the ploughshare. More than once, in the 'idit of the Alps,

William TELL. and at the foot of mount Jura, as well as on the banks of the Tiber, the The most enthusiastic historian has General has been seen leaving his infinitely less refpect for his hero, pl ugh, to repel, at the head of his than the Swiss have for the memory eqals, the enemies of his coun:ry; of William Tell, whom they regard ard resurning riumphant, he has been

as the deliverer of his country, and known to follow his fufpended labours the founder of its republican liberty. with additional ardouz! Ont may fee. There never has been any man in frm therce, that a flate may be as

Switz'rland, whom the artists of all much indebted for its prosperity, kinds have taken such pains to im

mortalize in portraits, busts, medal.. to Ceres' seythe, as BELLONA's lions ;-you every where, and in

Bellona's f word.

every shape, encounter the image of

William Tell. The engraver, the ut it is more especially in an age painter, the sculptor, have multiplied we agriculture appears to be honor. his resemblance under a thousand aled :--ió an age when Economical legories. Societies are every where occupied in Αι

every corner, in every street, differiations, in ob rvations, &c.-in and in almost every part of Switzeran age when ihe"marshes of Aunis, land, Tell is reprelented darting an of Flanders, and part of the waste arrow into the apple placed on his lands about Bourd«aux,' have been son's head. Many people, however, subjected to agriculture, and changed still dubious of the authenticity of this

anecdote,

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Light low chaises, sometimes with one and sometimes with two horfes, which the young nobility were used to drive in a furious manner along the streets of Paris and the environs, to the great danger of the foot-passengers. The suppression of this nuisance is one of the many evils that have been corrected by the late Revolution.

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anecdote, treat the whole as a fiction, that ago, and bearing a pike on which and disbelieve the autrocity of Griller, the hat of their master is placed. the story of the hat, of the apple, and Soon after the deputies of the Thireven the existence of William Tell teen Cantons make their

appearance, Himself.

each preceded by a young man carWhere is the nation, however, rying a banner, and a herald dressed in which does nor furnish a numerous lift the uniform of his profession. The of conquerors and of heroes, of whom cavalcade is closed by a company of the history' and the existence is not twenty soldiers, fix feet high, chosen fupported by more authentic proofs, from among the handsomeft young than the gods, the Demi-gods, the men of the whole country. imaginary battles, and suppositious The procession having arrived at the warriors of Linus, of Homer, and of theatre, and the spectators being seatOrpheus ?

ed on benches elevated above each ollier, in the manner of the an,

cient amphitheatres, the Genius of NATIONAL FESTIVAL IN HONOR OF Helvetia advances, and delivers an Swiss PATRIOTISM.

oration, of which the following is the

translation: WHATEVER may be the doubts in regard to the hero of Switzerland, they • O Helvetia, country of heroes ! celebrate every year ai Arth, in the of all the nations scartered over the canton of Scheverick, a national and á face of this globe, thine is the sole patriotic festival in honor of William . one that enjoyelt completely the first Tell. I have seen-I was present at, of all earthly bleflings-LIBERTY! and was highly delighted with this • From the summit of its Aips, it sees feftival.

• nothing but injustice armed to defPreceded by two heralds at arms of troy the smiling labours of the peaa gigantic fize, and by warlike music, • fant-fanguinary despotism sporting the cavalcade proceeds from the neigh- ' with the rights and with the lives bouring couniry to tlie town of Arth, 6 of mankind; an birion, vengeance; where there is a theatre erected in the and pride, desolaiing the most firmiddle of the public square. The Ge- tile countries; -and effiminacy, luxnius of ancient Helvetia, carrying in ury, and devauchery, anticipating one hand a shield emblazoned with the " the effects of arms of the Thirteen Cantons, and in • You alone, O

my

friends! You athe other a lance surrounted by the • lone enjiry, without Naves and Cap of Liberty, leads the procession, without masters, thofe poffeffions escorted by two warriors armed at all ' which you owe only to Heavenpoints, each wielding a battle axe, to the intrepedity of your a. cestors and a troop of hierdimen dressed like ' -and to your own industry. You the shepherds of the Alps, with lea. are nourished with the milk, which thern caps on their heads, and massy the

heids that roam clubs over their shoulders ; afier their

among yo r va les furnish you with the captain of the cross-bowmen ap- « in abundance ; you breathe a pure proaches, at the head of a company • air which Itrangers come in search clad in green, and armed with bows :

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certain

remiecy these are followed by William Tell • disease ; you drink at the foot of and his son, and the three'other pa- your rocks, a beverage m re refreshtriots, Stauffacher, Melchtal and Furit. ing than that pretented in golden The domestics of Governor Griller vessels at the banqu.ts of Kings ; fucceed these, dressed in the faihion of " you choose your own. Magistrates

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