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order we have placed it in, are obvi. tained; for the peats stacked wet will ous, without any farther explanation ; not burn, and they are consequently but our making so small account of in great misery, with smoke and cold, mofs, for the necessary article of fuel; through the winter. For these reaas to consider it as the last and least fons, we look upon the neighbourhood object, to be taken into the reckoning, of moss to be the very least confidein selecting a fituation for a village, ration in chusing the stance of a vilmay require to be accounted for. lage. Coals may be furộished to the
The Society is not to be informed, inhabitants of such: village perhaps that the climate of the whole of the cheaper (every thing considered) than West coast of Scotland is boisterous, peats, though they should even have and subject to great rains. This cir- the moss at their doors. But, at any cunstance is very anfavourable to the rate, it would be extremely proper in gaining of peats: the making of fuel the Joint-stock Company, in the prefrom moss is one of the hardest pieces sent infancy of their village, to lay in of work the Highlanders havecto en- a ftock of coals at Ullapool. counter. They dig their peats to-day: a considerable tithing to ftrike up there, fome days after they lift them from during the time the people were at the ground to dry: next day a hurri- work with their peats, (which very cane of wind and rain throws them all often happens) they would be reduced down : they are set up again, and a to the dilemma, of either loging the gain share the fame fate. By this time fishing, or starving with cold through the season is gone, and the e poor peo- the winter ; both these inconveniencies ple are obliged to put the peats in a would be prevented, by the Company wet state up into Atacks. Thus their having on hand a quantity of coals, time is consumed," their bodies toiled, Deady to an[wer such an emergency. and, after all, their purpofe is not at. ' YS
Obfervations on the Proceedings of the Joint-Stock Company at. Tobermory and
Ullapoolí By the Same:
school-house ; "bclides, a number of that it were to be wished the Company small boufes for fishers and tradesmen, had proceeded more flowly in the have been erected by individuals, aid. Jaying out its money, and done fome ed, as we are informed, by the funds of its works upon a smaller scale, of the Company. Tuo much praise particularly the ina". at Ullapool, cannot be bestowed upon those persons, which is most unneceffarily Jarge, who set on foor and encouraged thiş · Probably it wauld have been better, plan, of civilizing and improving that had, the Company economised as neglected corner of our native coun. puch as it could, in arder that it try: When we reflect upon the noble might be the better enabled to advance motives by which these persons were the confiderable fums which will be
she wen of the Joint-Stock Company at Tobermory and Ullapool. 123 wanted for that absolutely neceffary it, will, equally apply to the Coasts of measure, of making and keeping op the Highlands. roads of communication between their It is a melancholy consideration, villages and the low-countries. when one reflects, that in a country,
The establishing some useful manu- famous throughout the world for the fa&ture in the villages, and the mak- wisdom and liberality of its civil poing of these roads, we look upon as lity, the maxims which that polity the principal considerations in the should dietate, are, in the case we whole business of these new erections, are now speaking of, so much depart. so far as the Highlands is concerned. ed from, that the settling and civilizThe failure of the fishing úpon that ing the remote parts of the Empire, coaft. for a tract of years, (as has is not done under the direction, or at been formerly known to have hape the expence, of the Government of pened) would have the effect to draw the country, but is laid upon the off all the adventurers in the fishing shoulders of individuals, who, anxiupon a large scale, who had settled ous for the public welfare, do it vothere. The only thing, therefore, luntarily out of their own estates, rawhich would be left as an inducement ther than fruitlesly apply for the aid to the lower order of people to re- of the State. A Frenchman, or a main' at the villages, would be the Swiss, would hardly give credit to manufacture mentioned, and the faci. this relation. In these countries, even ling with which they could communi- when one of them was fhackled under cate with the Low-country. The an arbițrary monarchy, works, the poor people who remained, would be carrying on of which would bring adthus enabled to carry on fome little vantage to the whole community, were trade ;?and, by maintaining their hold, done at the expence of that commuprevent all which the Company shall nity. Some, French authors have, do from being totally loft, which with great success, shown in their
a coast for any considerable space of munications between these , and the time: these filth have been known too more civilized parts, ought to be the disappear upon that coast, for up business of every well-ordered State. wards of twenty years.
Thus, roads But if our Governors are so torwould be a great benefit to the vile pid, as out to trouble themselves de lages, in case of the worst happening. bout such public services as that we If the villages are prosperous, roads are now speaking of, but to allow the would iqfioitely increase their prosperi- charge of doing it to fall upon the ty, by putting it in the power of the virtuous individuals, whose zeal and leffer fishers in these hamlets, to con- : anxiety for their country has led them vey their fish fresh to che towns: in to take the buliness upon themselves, the Low-country, where they would yet surely they will, for very shame, fetch great prices..: Upon the subject now that they fee fo much done, give of the manufacture proper to be in their consent, that the expence of troduced into sthe fishing villages, we making these necessary roads, thall be shall reserve ourfelveals until we come defrayed out of the public purse. to speak of the improvements which This is an event devoutly to be wished the inferior parts of the Highlands for and the Society, and all the will admit of; becaufe the kind of friends of the Fulleries, and of the manufacture proper to be established Highlands, should use their best enthere, and the manner of sconducting deavours to bring it about. It would
relieve the Joint-stock Company of a will find sale for such herrings as they very heavy burden, and lighten the may catch, after they have made their loss, which it is not impossible may à. Cargoes ; for not only, the country tise, when the Company shall come people, but strangers from the Lowto balance accompts with these efta- lands, will buy their surplus herrings, blishments it shall have foffered. when they can take them away in
It will cost the minister very little carts, which at present they cannot trouble to do this favour to the Com- do. Besides this, by means of good pany, and this,dury to his courtry. roads from the western fishing-grounds, The best way, for hiin to do it, would to Inverness,
buss which may be to lay a small tax upon the ton of come by a misfortune, can be fupplied every vessel employed in the herring- with fails, cordage, &c. from these fiseries in Scotland, for the special places, inltead of being obliged to go purpose of making and maintaining to her port (at the distance perhaps of these roads; the Company, or a com
an hundred miles) for that purpose, mittee of it, to be the trustees, under by which delay she might lose the fic the act imposing the tax, for seeing the shing for that seafon. money duly applied. No body would We have already disclosed our sen. grumble at this tax. A fhilling a ton timents, that in the prefent scarcity of upon the busses might produce about market for British herrings, by unne8ool, per anrum, upon the credit of cessarily pushing the Fishery, and lawhich, the Company might" borrow viihing encouragements upon it, an evil 6000 l. or 7000l. ; a fun, it is ap- may
arife to the country
instead of a prehended, fufficient to make the good : for this reafon, we think ilie roads at present needed. The roads Joint-stock Company should proceed once made, the tax might be mitigat. in their buildings with cautious steps. ed, except so much as was necessary We do not say that they have already to keep them in repair. It would be built enow of houses at their two faid bad policy in the present state of that villages, but our fincere belief is, that country, to propose a turnpike 'upon it would neither be for the Company's these roads. We are fenable, that the own intereft, nor for that of the Comsum above mentioned is not fufficient munity, to proceed very much farther, to make the roads in question, and until more markets are fecured for Brialso the bridges which would be retishi herrings. A town in a fertile quisite upon these roads, but the country may be fupported alone by making the roads is the first thing to the refidence of gentry in it, a retail be done ; which, if found of utility, trade, and public hoftelaries; but, in there will then be encouragement to the Highlands, it is a manufacture or build bridges. It may be objected, ffhery which must support any appearthat a tax upon the buffes would be ance of a colleeted society; therefore, improper ; but as it would be but' a' instead of expending money upon small one, and as the owners of the buildings, which may never be inhabusses would be much benefited by bited, or which, if inhabited, will only these roads, it may be supposed they help to fill the market with a commowould think the payment of the tax dity in no great request; we would no hardship. At present, when a humbly incline to think the Company buss has caught as many herrings 'as thould very soon fufpend its operawill load her, the departs for her tions, until the effects of the experiport; and, let the fish be ever foments it is now making. hall be a little plenty, she can derive no farther be- known. At the famë time, we are unnefit from them ; but if the roads in der no difficulty in saying, that we question are once made, the buffes think the best application of the Com
pany's funds now, would be, first, to · The offering a house and garden to a encourage some Dutch curers to settle settler gratis, may be an inducement at the two villages, for the purpose of to a wretch who rather intends to beg teaching the people there the true me. than work, and be will be glad of the thod of preserving herrings : and, sem offer without any farther encouragecondly, (if no aid can be obtained from ment; but if the Company wish for Government) to apply part of these industrious men, it must not only offunds to the making and upholding fer them a free house and garden, but proper roads between the said villages also a boat, nets, &c. upon credit. and the Low-lands. In the present Even this is not enough: The accomstate of the fishing trade, these two plishment of the Company's purpose measures, in our opinion, are what the (viz. keeping the settlers in the vilCompany should direct its principal at. lages) will never be brought about, tention to.
unless it shall find a market at their Having said thus much regarding doors for the fish caught by their. what the Joint-stock Company have settlers. We do not mean by this, with the most laudable intentions done that the Company should claim the for this country, it falls next to be pre-emption of all fish fo caught; on considered, by what encouragements the contrary, the settlers should be enthe settlements already established by couraged by the Company obliging itthe Company, may be best preferved self to take from off their hands all fuch during their infancy, and until full fifh as they cannot dispose of, and that, time is given to make a fair experi- not at an under, but at a medium ment of their utility.
price. Thus, the Company must for -- We shall not hesitate to say, that, some time be the purchasers of fish : in our opinion, the sooner these vil. It must do more; for, with the price lages are left to uphold themselves by so given by the Company, to a settler their own exertions and industry, the for his fish, he cannot, in the present better for the Company and the com- state of the villages and the country, munity. Encouragements do not al. procure the neceffaries of life; there ways produce the good effects they fore the Company, to effect its purpose, aim at, especially when bestowed by must engage itself to supply, at mode public bodies; although encourage rate prices, the settlers, at all times, ments engage the sober and induftri- for a certain period of years, with oos, they are also baits for the needy, meal, butter, cheese, falt-beef, shoes, lithe desperate, and the idle. That in. Den, ready-made fisher-jackets,&c. and duftry depends as much, if not more, coals, if demanded. Čcals, it will be upon the Ipirit and dispolition of the absolutely neceffary the Company people, as upon the e encouragements should provide, for reasons we have held out to them, is fairly exemplified given. Without such encouragements in the history of the town of Siorna- are granted to the villagers for fume way already mentioned, which has time, we are of opinion the settlethriven and grown rich, although for ments will only languish, and at last a confiderable time, and till of late, in die. It is almost peedless here to ob the hands of even severity and exac- serve, that the Company, in iis mertion. At the fame time that we say cantile capacity, muft provide buildthis, we are clearly of opinion, that ings for sheltering, and also materials all the individuals who are already in- for curing such fish as may be so offervited, or whom it would be prudented by the fetilers, as well as store. hereafter to invite to these villages, houses, for the articles of consumption should have liberal inducements hald we have mentioned. The Company out to them, to remain or fettle there. should not however engage itself to
these conditions long. If the fishery of the settlers as live alone by fishing, fucceeds, and British herrings thall o- if, unhappily (as has often been expen a market for themselves, by the perienced,) the herrings should defert improvements which
be hereafter the coast for some years running. In made in curing them, the consequent fuch a case, it would be impoffible for prosperity of the villages will open re- the company to purchafe their continufources to the settlers for supplying ance at the village, at the dear rate of themselves, upon perhaps better terms fubfifting them upon the Company's than the Company could afford. Upon credit all that time, in prospect of bėthe whole, we are of opinion, that the ing paid by the after fishings of such Company, while it on the one hand, settiers : even doing so for one or for the reasons we have urged, pro- two years, would be too great a risk ceeds with caution, in nor bringing too for the Company to run.
We own great a number of people into its vil. this is a very great dilemma. lages, it should, at the same time, on The difficulty here ftared, has often the other hand, grant due encourage- employed the thoughts of the anthor ment to those persons it may be proper of this paper ; he has confidered it to bring there, to induce them to come with great attention, and, after the mato, and remain in thefe settlements. tureft deliberation, he can only think This laf is a measure absolutely necef- of one thing, which would provide asary, being the only chance for ef- gainst it: unfortunately, it is almost feeting the Company's purpose in any impoffible to procure it: its name is, degree at all.
The Liberality of the Government of But there is a great difficulty re. Great Britain, to that part of the Kingmains, viz. What is to become of fuch dom called Scotland.de
I Have fent, you a translation of a ed by the condemnation of two Dutch
most excellent letter to Queen Eli- persons to the flames, for maintaining zabeth, written in Latin by the cele Ariaoism and other absurd and here. brated John Fox, the martyrologift. tical opinions. The original itself is but little known.; and I believe a translation of it was never attempted, at least for the pub. A letter from John Fox to Queen Eli. lic eye.
1 of opinion that the zabeth; from the Latin, author carried his ideas of toleration as far as any Divine of the age in
" Moft ferene and happy Princess ; which it was written. At that time
moft illustrious Sovereign: the honMr Locke had not unfolded its prin
our of your country, and the orna
ment of the age ! ciples, nor fettled its extent. At that time too, the Rev, Mr David Wil “ AS nothing was more distant liams bad not published his letter on from 'my intention then this intrusion * Intellectual Liberty:" and scorn. on Majesty, fo I must confess that ing what Lord Nugent once called nothing ever affected me more sensibly Mr. Locke's " mingled ray," had not than the silence which I have hither. then blazed forth in the full uncloud, to maintained, but which the necessity ed fplendour of meridian liberty ! of duty now impels me to relinquish. The following letter was occafion “ I know not by what infelicity it