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and progress, and gratefully awaken the feelings of the ascending traveller.
The road for a considerable distance is over a common, at the end of which it joins the road from Penrith to Haws Water. "Here," says Mr. West, "the vale of Bampton opens sweetly to the view, ascending to the south, and spreading upwards in a variety of dale-land beauty."
It may now be proper to conduct the traveller from Penrith towards Haws Water.
The road to Haws Water from Penrith is by Eamont Bridge and Askham, which is delightfully situate upon the western banks of the river Lowther.
The magnificent castle at Lowther, erected by the Earl of Lonsdale, is creditable in the highest degree to the taste and spirit of its proprietor. In every instance the genius of the architecture, whether the building be viewed as a whole, or in parts taken separately, is conspicuous; and we are at a loss whether most to admire the munificence of the noble projector, or the mind that aided by such munificence, has produced in Lowther Castle an object that must command the admiration of ages.
Lowther Castle, situate on the eastern banks of the river Lowther, is about five miles from Penrith; and to Penrith there is a road which
crosses the river Lowther, half a mile from the Castle. From this crossing to Eamont Bridge, a foot road has been conducted on the banks of the river, through some of the finest woods ever bestowed by the adorning hand of
The river, sometimes peaceful, but oftener agitated over craggy bedded steeps, displays an amusing and everlasting variety of water falls. From its lofty banks project bold, broad, and finely formed rocks, which are graced by aged oaks, ashes, and various other trees in all their native wildness. In some places the woods are grand and almost impenetrable, and on the river's brink, in elegant intricacy, they impend over the glassy medium, giving by reflection, a series of scenes, which, in diversified beauty, are rarely equalled.
On this road Mitchel Holm Bottom, and the Elysian Fields are very interesting places.
Scene on the River Lowther.
This view, which is up the river, is on that part where Clifton Wells are upon the left.
Dr. Burn traces the source of the river Lowther to Wet Sleddale, but Mr. Housman to the mountains at the head of Haws Water. The
Dr. is probably right, for the Sleddale river has a longer course than that passing through Haws Water, and more water, as may be seen at their union at Bampton, from which place it runs, as already stated, between Lowther and Askham to join the Eamont near Eamont Bridge.
The church at Lowther was partially rebuilt in 1686. It has a dome arising from its centre, and is surrounded by trees.
Askham will be found a pleasant, and pretty large village.
Askham Hall is an ancient building, standing on the banks of the river Lowther: it was begun to be built by Thomas Sandford, Esq., who died in 1574, before it was completed.
Askham Church is finely situate on the western banks of the river Lowther. The vicarage, which commands a charming view, joins the church yard, and the bridge is a good feature in the scene, either looking up or down the river. The rectory of Lowther is a cheerful object from the church-yard, having on the right a high wooded bank called the Rash, through which there is an amusing walk, being one of the elegant appendages to the domains at Lowther. The church, which associates beautifully with the surrounding objects, is a picturesque old building, and will be found in No. 58 of the small etchings.
The Penrith and Powley roads to Haws Water, unite near Bampton, about five miles from Powley Bridge.
Haws Water is three miles long and generally about half a mile across. A richly wooded promontory, which, from the lower grounds, appears to cut the lake in two, shoots boldly towards the opposite shores, and leaves scarcely more than two or three hundred yards breadth. Misand with its school, stands near this promontory; on the side of which, in wild impetuosity, rushes Fordingdale Beck, a stream abounding in picturesque water falls.
Branstree, Harter Fell, Riggengdale, High Street, Kidstay, and Whelter, are all grand mountains, lying at the head of the lake; but this grandeur is diminished towards its foot; and the country below the outlet of the lake is composed of modest and easy eminences, which are pleasantly covered with wood all the way to Lowther and Askham.
Haws Water, either as a Salvator or a Claude, has great attractions: its magnificence may be appreciated by passing from the foot to the head of the lake, and its delicate beauties by looking down it: it is fine from the carriage road, but infinitely less so than from a horse road upon the common a little above the carriage road; it is likewise good from many si