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19 Denum nations, &r. Present Siale of Religion, &c. mincs, ongearts,

Mongearts,* Foulahs, the extermination of the Slave Jaloors, Feloops, Mandangos, Trade ; but the settlement was and many others, as far interior desiroyed by some French ships, as the Great Desert. Most of and afterwards given up to the these are Pagans, except the British government. Mr. Ny. Foulahs, who are Mahoinatans, lander is chaplain of the Coloas are also the wandering inhabi- ny; and in 1811 the Wesleyan tants of the Desert. The Fou-Methodists sent out Missionaries lahs are a very powerful nation, thither, and make war on their neigh- The Church Society for Misbours to procure slaves for the isons to Africa and the East have Europeans. Population 4,000,- stations at Bashia and Canofee 000.

(both on the Rio Pongos) where they have erected Churches and founded Schools. The governments of Great Britain and the United States have lately entered into a Convention for the purpose of effecting a total suppression of the slave-trade, on the coast of Africa, so long the bane of that degraded country. In this design it is expected that all Christian nations will concur. Should this measure succeed, and the present attempts to establish colonies of civilized coloured people, on the western coast, be found practicable, the prospects that Africa may become civilized, will be more fa. vourable than they have been for ages.

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Present State of Religion, &c.

Religious Denominations, &c. be to furnish, as it is said they did, 100,000 slaves annually to the West Indies. The king of Benin, who possesses but a small part of this territory, is said to be able to raise an army of 100,000. Widah is also very popu. Jous, and Haussa has been said (falsely no doubt) to be more populous than London. The French have agreed to give up the slave trade north of Cape Formosa. Population six millions.

South Western Coast.

South West Coast. This includes the Kingdoms In the 15th century some Por of Loango, Congo, Angola, and tuguese missionaries persuaded the extensive country of the Ja- the King of Congo and his subgas, and many other tribes as far jects to receive the Roman Cathsouth as the Damaras. The Por-olic Religion ; and they were tuguese sent Catholic missions followed by some others ; but to some of these countries as they soon revolted again to Paearly as the 15th century ; and ganism, and have not yet been some converts have been made to visited by Protestant missionatheir Christianity, but in general ries. this part of Africa is involved in Paganism. See Negroes. Population, three millions.


Damara, Namaquas, and Coran


The Missionary Society (of The Damaras are divided into London) have two settlements in five tribes ; those who reside the Namaqua Country, Pella near the coast are very poor, and and Mr. Schmelin's station on the many become servants to the Orange River ; also one among Namaquas : farther inland some the Corannas, called Orlam become rich in cattle (the only Kraal, and more recently Bethes riches of those countries) and da. upon the death of such, the horns and bones of the animals they have consumed are laid upon their graves as trophies. They are naturally mild, and treat their prisoners with humanity. The Namaquas are known to have 10 tribes, and the Corannas 15. [Campbell.] Population one million.

Religious Denominations, &c.

Present State of Religion, &c.


Colony of the Cape. Calvinists, and chiefly Dutch- The United Brethren have long men: the settlement having had two flourishing Settlements been peopled from Holland; but in this colony-one at Groene general toleration prevails under (formerly Bavian's) Kloof-the certain restrictions. The popu- other at Genadendal (Gnadenlation in 1810 was ascertained to thall) or Grace Vale. exceed 81,000, of whom 50,000 The Missionary Society (of Were Hottentots or glaves. London) bave several settle

ments in these parts-viz. at Stellenbosh (between the Moravian Stations)-at Tulbach or Rodesand, where Mr. Vos resides at Zurbrak near Zwellendam--at Hooge Kraal in George Drosdy : and, towards the east end of the Colony, at Bethelsdorp near Algoa Bay, which was founded by Dr. Vanderkemp: but as this last has been found an inconvenient situation for a Mis

sion, a new Settlement has been Boshesmen's Country, and Caf

formed farther East (on a spot fraria. The Boshesmen, or Bushmen, pointed out by the Governor)

and called Theopolis, which may are a wild nation with no settled abode, who traverse the country principal missionary station of

at present be considered as the to the extent of 8 or 9 degrees of this Society in South Africa. An longitude, and plunder when- Auxiliary Missionary Society ever they can find opportunity; exists here, and another in Graaf The term Caffraria, or the land Reynet, which approaches the of Infidels, was probably given to limit of the Colony towards Cafthis country by the Arabs, and it fraria. Here resides Mr. Kicheris certain they are in the rudest state of Heathenism ; but their er, the minister, and the 3 concountry is far more populous than England in 1803, 4 ; a great re

verted Hottentots, who visited that of the Bushmen, or the Co-vival of religion has recently

These nations, with the taken place in all these stations : inhabitants of the Cape, may and several African Preachers form a population of one million. (one a Hottentot) have been apGoverned by chiefs.

pointed as Itinerants to assist the European missionaries.


Griquas, Bootchuanas, and other

GRIQUAS. neighbouring Nations. The same Society have a misThese are numerous and pow. sion at Claarwater, now called erful, the city Latakoo alone has Griqua Town, where King Gika about 8000 inhabitants : and the and his people profess great capital of Makquanas is 3 times respect for Dr. Vanderkemp,



Religious Denominations, &c. Present State of Religion, &c. as large. They are all Pagans. who resided some time among (Campbell.] Population one them. million,

The King of Latakoo, on a visit from Mr. Campbell, expressed his willingness to receive missionaries, and promised to be a father to them. A mission is therefore immediately designed to Latakoo, and to Malapeetze, and Makoon's Kraal-Stations farther to the East, where the inhabitants have expressed the same willi'gness to receive instruction.


Tambookies, Mambookies, and the inhabitants of the coast, as far as Delagoa Bay, are Pagans and Mahometans, mixed with some Portuguese Christians, who of course are Catholics. Population one million.

INTERIOR COAST. As not more than half this quarter of the Globe has been hitherto explored by Europeans, and even that very imperfectly, it is but reasonable to assign a considerable population to this great extent of unknown country, which is wholly Pagan. Population four millions.


ABYSSINIA. Christians of the Abyssinian In the latter part of the last Church (which see.) They prac- century the United Brethren sent tise circumcision, and some other Missionaries into Egypt, with a Jewish rites ; but were convert- hope of their penetrating into ed to Christianity between the this country, which proved im4th and 6th centuries, and still practicable, and the door at presretain the name of Christians. ent, seems shut against the GosPopulation three millions. Goy. pel, as much as in any pagan naernment, monarchical.

tion whatever. This country, is the ancient Ethiopia, and the day cannot be very distant when Ethiopia shall stretch out her hand unto God.

Reilgious Denominatious, &c.

Present State of Religión, &e.



A miserable country, and in

parts thinly peopled, chiefly with Mahometans. 'Senaar, however, one of its cities, is said to contain 100,000 persons, and Dongola about half as many. Population one and a half million. Governed by chiefs.



Mahometans, Jews and Copts. The Gospel was introduced This country is known to be very into Egypt before the close of populous. Cairo alone is reck the first century, but expelled ened to contain 300,000 inhabi- again by Mahometanism during tants. Population three millions. the 7th and 8th. There is, howGovernment is invested in the ever, a considerable number of hands of 24 Beys.

Copts in the country, who retain the name, and many of the forms of Christianity.

MADAGASCAR, and other Isles on

MADAGASCAR. the Eastern Coast.

Dr. Vanderkemp had long inPagans, with some European tended a mission to this island, strangers of different nations. and was about entering upon it at The inhabitants, which are very the time of his death. Mr. Milnumerous, bear the character of ne has since visited it to make intelligence and hospitality.-- inquiries, and it will no doubt Population four and a half mil- become a missionary station of lions.

great importance. The London Missionary Society has sent missionaries to this Island, who have been received by the native government with much attention and gratitude. The extent and population of Madagascar are suffi.cient for a great Christian coun


ISLANDS on the Western Coast.

Partly Pagans, and partly Catholics or Protestants, according to the European powers to whom they belong. Population one million.

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