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RICHARDSON, GOODLUCK, and Co. at their Old Established Office, Bank-Buildings, Cornhill.


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Miscellaneous Correspondence.

Original Letters of Wm. Lilly the Astrologer 99
Critique on a Passage in 2d Book of Kings 100
Remarks on Temple Church and Monuments 101
On the Advantages of Cottage Husbandry... 103
Pegge's Miscellanea Curialia--Scottish Merk 104
Account of Rendlesham Church, co. Suffolk 105
Right of Property in Cloth at Funerals...... 107
Account of Girgenti, or Agrigenti, in Sicily 113
Progress of Literature in different Ages.
Description of Palia Gadh, in Asia....
On the Origin of Exchequer Bills..






THE CENSOR, No. V.-Anecdotal Literature. ib.
Passage respecting Scogan, the Poet.....
Title Page to Joe Miller's Jests.......
Extract from Gwinnett's 'Honorable Lovers' ib.
Descriptive Account of Rio de Janeiro...... 125
Sir F. Drake's Walking Cane noticed........ 126.
London Worthies connected with Suffolk... ib.
On the Dress of the Blue Coat Boys......... 128
The Grammar School at Christ's Hospital... 129.
Publication of "Bigland's Gloucestershire" 130
Letters from the Continent in 1818......... ib.
Neglect of Prefaces.-Lord Collingwood.... 135
Antient Anecdotes from Valerius Maximus 186


Gloucester 2-Hants2
Hereford 1.-Hull 3
Hunts 1-Ipswich
Kent 4--Lancaster
Leeds 3-Leicester 2
Lichfield Liverpool 6
Macclesfi. Maidst. 2
Manchester 6

Norfolk-Norwich 2

N.Wales Northamp.

Nottingham 2-Oxf. 2
Plymouth 3--Preston
Reading Salisbury
Stafford..Stamford 2
Wakefield., Warwick
West Britou (Truro)
Western (Exeter)
Westmoreland 21
Worcester 2..York 4
Mantes 2...Jersey 2
Guernsey 4
Scotland 25


Ireland 43

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Proceedings in present Session of Parliament 16
Foreign News, 170.-Domestic Occurrences 17
Promotions, &c.-Births and Marriages.... 18
OBITUARY; with Memoirs of Baroness

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Abercromby; Lady Hunloke; Rev. Dr.
Lindsay; Adam Walker, esq.; Miles
Monkhouse, esq.; &c. &c................
Meteorological Diary-Canal Shares........19
Bill of Mortality-Markets 191.-Stocks... 19
Embellished with Views of RENDLESHAM CHURCH, Suffolk, and the GRAMMAR SCHOOL
at CHRIST's HOSPITAL; also with a CHART of the CITY of GIRGENTI,
and its Environs, in Sicily.

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Printed by JOHN NICHOLS and SON, at CICERO'S HEAD, 25, Parliament Street, Westminster; where all Letters to the Editor are requested to be sent, POST-PAID.


Our worthy friend CLERICUS (of Greenhithe) will excuse our not entering on a subject from which we have, as far as was practicable, studiously abstained.

The kind suggestions of our Correspondent HINT are always gratefully received.

We shall readily resume the Retrospections of W. B. if we are favoured with them in small portions.

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The originality of our Romsey Correspondent's "Petition seems doubtful; but it will appear in due course.

A YORKSHIRE FREEHOLDER is informed, that want of room compels us to omit his communication.

Several valuable communications, in reply to INVESTIGATOR, p. 20, have been received; but pressure of matter has precluded all, except the one which first came to hand.

CLERICUS remarks, "As a further caution to Surrogates (vol. XC. ii. p. 488) a Correspondent in the True Briton' Evening Paper recommends their making particular enquiry as to the due appointment of Guardians of the persons who give consent to the Marriage of the Minors. Mr. Stockdale Hardy, in his 'Letter to a Country Surrogate,' repeats this caution, and recommends, in all cases where it can be obtained, the production of the Deed, or other Instrument of Guardianship, at the time of granting the Licence."

J. W. hopes the doubts of Eu. HOOD will be completely dispelled, when he informs him that the original Stone, in memory of Joe Miller, yet remains close to the one set up by Mr. Jarvis Buck. It is a common headstone, and has always stood. there within the memory of the oldest inhabitants of the parish. He further begs leave to state, that headstones never have been admitted into the lower church-yard in the Strand; the stones always forming part of the pavement.

WM. ALLEN says, "I am informed that some Letters on the subject of the Christian Religion, noticed in the Gentleman's Magazine, have been attributed to me, but so far from having been the author of them, I have never read them."

M. observes, “I find in Gent. Mag. vol. LXXII. p. 1020, some excellent remarks on the removal of Hatchments from Churches under repair. May I be permitted to suggest, that when they are so discoloured by time as not to coincide with the freshness of the supposed beautifying of the interior of the Church, they may be judiciously arranged and affixed in the Belfry, or other convenient place, that the historian or heraldic amateur (always endeavouring to discriminate between the genuine and un

authorized bearings) may not be frustrated and disappointed in his researches after local information, to be derived from objects. of this nature. It is much to be regretted, that Monuments, Stained Glass *, &c. are usually mutilated and disfigured when a Church or Hall are undergoing what is called a repair.'

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HISTORICUS inquires for particulars respecting the Rev. Mr. James, who, about 70 years ago, was, it is conceived, a Rector, or Vicar to a parish, probably in the neighbourhood of Harleston, in Norfolk.

D. K. would be obliged by the information of the author of a poem on Envy, the four first lines of which are as follows,

Prosperio, rich and young,

Preferr'd the morning air;

He walk'd the fields, nor walk'd them long,
Ere Rumour met him there.

Also, who is the author of the Life of
Oliver Cromwell, published in the year
1741; it is one volume thick octavo, with a
likeness of the Protector on a pedestal, with
his arms, drawn by S. Cooper, engraved
by G. Vertue, 1724. The work is pub-
lished by J. Brotherton, at the Bible, next
Tom's Coffee House, and T. Cox, at the
Lamb, under the Royal Exchange, both in

SECTOR wishes to ascertain whether any biographical or genealogical information is extant relative to Mr. James Puckle, the author of several ingenious Essays, under the name of "The Club?" (See LXXXIX. i. 48.)

VICARIUS asks what Collects should be read on the following days at the Evening Service viz. Dec. 23d,-24th,-30th, and 31st. Jan. 5th, and 24th. And also on Easter Eve. And on what days, in the Ember weeks, is the Prayer for those that are to be admitted into Holy Orders.

Mr. J. JONES inquires if the machine, invented by Mr. Godin, of Paris (vol. XC. ii. 553), is capable of being employed on a scale of considerable magnitude, such as raising water to an elevation of 18 feet, in quantities equal to 7 or 8 hundred gallons per minute?

A Correspondent asks, "What can be the origin of the name of Blacow? does it not seem in some measure adapted for proclaiming aloud the character of some notorious person?"

Erratum. (Vol. XC. ii. 485.) In Colonel Macdonald's Dissertation on the North West Magnetic Pole, for the year 2040, read 2140.

* See vol. LXXVII. P. 1119.




For FEBRUARY, 1821.


Mr. URBAN, Inner Temple, Feb. 2.
SEND you copies of some unpub-
lished Letters of that prince of
Prognosticators, William Lilly *, to
his learned but credulous friend Elias
Ashmolet. They tally exactly with
the character of seeming simplicity
and real shrewdness which he has so
amusingly delineated in his "Memoirs
of his Life and Times," a work which
has been recently introduced to the
public in a new and interesting form,
in a Number of the Retrospective
Review. The prominent part which
Lilly plays in Hudibras, under the
name of Sidrophel, would alone be
sufficient to confer a considerable de-
gree of interest on the character and
history of this accomplished impostor;
but the respectable rank in society
which he acquired and maintained,
the faith which so many of every
class of life reposed in his predictions,
and the political importance which
was attached to him in the middle of
the seventeenth century, render him
worthy of being recorded as a striking
instance of the triumph of credulity,
in a comparatively recent period,

over the learned and unlearned of an
enlightened nation. We can scarcely
induce our minds to believe that the
contemporaries of Milton and Butler
were the dupes of the low cunning of
William Lilly-a man of uo very ex-
traordinary capacity, and of very
moderate attainments.

It will be seen in the following Letters, that he was on a familiar footing with the Duchess of Somerset, and was not only consulted by her in private, but publicly admitted to her table.

The originals of these Epistles, and of some others of less interest, are among the manuscripts in the British Museum. Some few words are so illegible from age and friction, that I have not been able to decipher them; but the reader will find no difficulty in supplying the omissions, from the sense of the context.

Hersham, 10 Nov. 1671. Honourable Patron,

I tell you seriously I was content to comply with Mr. Andrewes, for the good of the......; he sayd he had lived an uncomfortable life this halfe yeare, every one sneering at him, and nobody taking notice of him. I smartly responded, you must.... lesse and performe more; then I reprobated all .... ..; at last, put my and sayde finger on my he went away presentlie to the Dutchesse of Somerset, told her Mr. Lilly and he weare friends. Three days before, her Grace sent for me to dinner. I told her


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all, before persons of qualityé; after dinner, she sent for me; we had private conference; had he not [been] reconciled, his worke had been done; this it is to be

You butter-merchant to a Dutchesse. must have an account of our follies, as well as of our love. Your gallant [Mrs.

* William Lilly was a famous Astrologer, born in Leicestershire, in 1602. His Almanacks were in repute upwards of 30 years. In this man we have a striking instance of the general superstition and ignorance that prevailed in the time of the civil war be tween Charles I. and his Parliament; for the King consulted this Astrologer to know where he should conceal himself, if he could escape from Hampton Court. On the other hand, General Fairfax sent for him to his army to ask him if he could tell by his art whether God was with them and their cause. Lilly, who made his fortune (like the Pythia of Delphos) by favourable predictions to both parties, assured the General tha God would be with him and his army.-EDIT.

The celebrated English Philosopher and Antiquary, who was founder of the Ash
He was born at Lichfield in 1617, and died at Sout
molean Museum at Oxford.
Lambeth in 1692.-EDIT.



Wm. Lilly the Astrologer.—Biblical Criticism.

Lilly] sends you some puddingse, but I
intende them onlye for my gallant [Mrs.
Ashmole], unto whom, yourselfe, and
King Norroy, I present my harty re-
Your old friend,
W. L.
To my honoured Patron, Elias Ash-
mole, esq. in Shier Lane, with a
Baskett, but no mercury in it.

Honourable Patron, ap

I am very glad you got safe to Blyth Hall, but oportet me objurgam, scoldam, chidam tecum, and blame your rusticism, lovedonism, neglectism; in all youre Letter there was not one worde, sillable, or dimiuitive letter, purporting, mentioning, or notifying, how my gallant was in health, how she did, how safe she came into the countrye, how her healthe is at present: these are errors, sins, contumelys (et quid non), not to be pardoned: et hoc est verum): amend this erroneous and unpardonable crime in your nexte.

We are, God be thanked, all in healthe (as also youre gallant). Learn of me how to write nexte time. The weather is here uncertaine; harvest comes slowly in; last night much rain and thunder. Sister Mottos and Betty Sanders, now at my house, are all affectionately (sic dico) remembered to yourself and my gallant. My love is presented to your father and mother (not one word of Queene Cudd.) Ten thousand thankes to my Gallant for the cloke. I put it first on 22d July, St. Maudlin's Day; and alsoe last Saturdaye (cum. .) an aged weoman sente me 4d. to.... her to rest. I am persuaded I shall cozen her, but I tooke her groate, fearing I shoulde gette no more that day, but 2d. came afterward. You see how I thrive therein, its a blessed cloke. doubt, under that guardianship, I shall committe many knaverys, but its the religion of phisicians. May yourselfe and my Gallant have good health where you are, and when you return, enjoy the same in London. Your old loving friend,


For my much bonoured friend, Elias
Ashmole, esq. at Mr. Dugdale's,
at Blyth Hall in Warwickshire.—
Leave this at his house in Shier
Lane, to be conveyed to him.

The following Letter is the joint composition of the Astrologer and Mrs. Lilly, his third wife:

Dear Friend,

This is to lett thee know that, we came well and seasonably home (wee found my husbande looking at the gate in expectation of us), and also to acknowledge the real sense I have of thine and thy husbande's great kindnesse unto mee, unto whom my true love is presented. I have


measured thy diaper, and find it will make 12 clouts, and leave enough for a tableclothe for thy table in the dining rome. If cut it all, it will make 21 clouts. Let me know thy mind in it. My rebellious wife had leasure to write no more, being making custards, pan-cakes, and oatcakes. She down on her knees intreated mee to conclude it, which I do, and wishe myselfe

Your vertuous Lady's invincible gallant,

[To Elias Ashmole.]


future period with some particulars
I may probably trouble you at a
not generally known of this remark-
able personage.
J. P. C.


Babergh, Feb. 5. N your Number for January, (p.

20,) INVESTIGATOR has stated some difficulties that occurred to him respecting a passage in the Second lieve it will be very easy to satisfy Book of Kings, chap. ix. 13. I behim how the different and apparently discordant translations of the passage in question have arisen; although it may not be equally so to comply with the latter part of his request, and to give an exact and literal translation of the Original.

.אל גרם המעלות

The words in the Hebrew are, Now the noun byn, of which mbun is the plural, is derived from the verb by, which signifies to go up, or ascend; and hence it is used to designate various things into which the idea of ascending or of elevation enters. In the singular, a going up, or ascent, Josh. x. 10.; a hill, 1 Sam. ix. 11; in the plural, steps, or stairs for ascending, 1 Kings x. 19; degrees, or marks one above another on a dial or horologie; and hence perhaps the horologie itself, 2 Kings xx. 9, 10, 11; stories, or upper chambers, Amos ix. 6.

From hence we may easily see the origin of the different translations, which INVESTIGATOR has given in his letter; horologie, Great Bible; stairs, translation of 1611; steppes, Bishop's Bible; graduum, Latin translation of 1624. I am not aware indeed of the word being used in the sense of a tribunal, or elevated seat; but still the derivation of the word may sufficiently account for the tribunalis of the translation of 1529.


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