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PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT.
HOUSE OF LORDS,, January 23. This being the day fixed by Proclamation for the meeting of Parliament, his Majesty, attended by the principal Officers of State and the Household, came down to the House about 2 o'clock, and opened the Session.-Sir T.Tyrwhitt, the Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod, was directed to summon the Commons, and on their appearance at the Bar his Majesty delivered the following Speech:
"My Lords, and Gentlemen,
"I have the satisfaction of acquainting you, that I continue to receive from Foreign Powers the strongest assurances of their friendly disposition towards this Country.
"It will be a matter of deep regret to me, if the occurrences which have lately taken place in Italy should eventually lead to any interruption of tranquillity in that quarter; but it will, in such case, be my great object to secure to my people the continuance of Peace.
"Gentlemen of the House of Commons, "The measures by which, in the last Session of Parliament, you made provision for the expences of civil governmy ment, and for the honour and dignity of the Crown, demand my warmest acknowledgments.
"I have directed that the estimates for the current year shall be laid before you; and it is a satisfaction to me to have been enabled to make some reduction in our military establishments.
"You will observe from the accounts of the public revenue, that, notwithstanding the receipts in Ireland have proved materially deficient, in consequence of the unfortunate circumstances which have affected the commercial credit of that part of the United Kingdom, and althoughy our foreign trade, during the early part of this time, was in a state of depression, the total revenue has, nevertheless, exceeded that of the preceding year.
"A considerable part of this increase must be ascribed to the new taxes; but in some of those branches which are the surest indications of internal wealth, the augmentation has fully realized any
expectation which could have been reasonably formed of it.
"The separate provision which was made for the Queen, as Princess of Wales, in the year 1814, terminated with the demise of his late Majesty.
"I have, in the mean time, directed advances, as authorized by law; and it will, under present circumstances, be for you to consider what new arrangements should be made on this subject.
"My Lords, and Gentlemen,
"I have great pleasure in being able to acquaint you, that a considerable improvement has taken place within the last half year in several of the most important branches of our commerce and manufacures; and that in many of the manufacturing districts the distresses which prevailed at the commencement of the last Session of Parliament have greatly abated.
It will be my most anxious desire to concur in every measure which may be considered as calculated to advance our internal prosperity.
"I well know that, notwithstanding the agitations produced by temporary circumstances, and amidst the distress which still presses upon a large portion of my subjects, the firmest reliance may be placed on that affectionate and loyal attachment to my person and government, of which I have recently received so many testimonies from all parts of my kingdom, and which, whilst it is most grateful to the strongest feelings of my heart, I shall ever consider as the best and surest safeguard of my Throne.
"In the discharge of the important duties imposed upon you, you will, I am confident, be sensible of the indispensable necessity of promoting and maintaining, to the utmost of your power, a due obedience to the laws, and of instilling into all classes of my subjects a respect for lawful authority, and for those established Institutions, under which the Country has been enabled to overcome so many difficulties, and to which, under Providence, may be ascribed our happiness and renown as a
The King of France has opened the Session of the Chambers. The ceremony took place in one of the halls of the Louvre, which was magnificently prepared for the occasion. On the right of the Throne was Monsieur, and on the left the Duke d'Angouleme. The Duke d'Orleans was on the right of his Majesty, next to Monsieur.-The speech was, upon the whole, an interesting document. Its tone is decidedly pacific in referring to the foreign relations of France, and to the general state of Europe. His Majesty presents a very flattering picture of the state of his kingdom; and, to prove the sincerity of the representation, he states that a diminution of the public imposts will be submitted to the Chamber.
Dec. 28. Louis XVIII. received a Grand Deputation of the Chamber of Peers, with their Address. His Majesty's answer was as follows:— .
"I receive with deep sensibility this testimony of the sentiments of the Chamber of Peers. I observe with real satisfac tion the conformity of its principles with mine.
"I have said, and I repeat it, that if I wish to see my life prolonged, it is to consolidate the institutions which I have given to my people. But, whatever may be the decrees of Providence, let us not forget this maxim of our public law-" the King never dies in France."
The palace of the Prince of Orange, at Brussels, has been destroyed by fire.
SPAIN AND PORTUGAL. The Constitutionnel gives an extract of a private letter from Madrid of the 5th inst. stating that the Cortes had been convoked for the 9th for the purpose of taking into consideration an invitation, in the name of the Allied Sovereigns, to Ferdinand VII. to proceed personally to the Congress of Laybach! It is added, that this intelligence had produced (as well it might) a great sensation. Upon this circumstance, which is confirmed by private letters received in this country from Madrid, there remains therefore no doubt.
A new conspiracy is stated to have been discovered at Saragossa; but which had been completely frustrated, and a number of individuals arrested.
The Portuguese Government has pubfished a "Manifesto of the Portuguese Nation to the Sovereigns and People of Europe," enumerating to them the suffer ings of Portugal for many years, describ. ing the corrupt and debased administration by which that country had been go
verned, the malversation that prevailed in all the departments of State, and ascrib. ing the late changes to the pressure of all these grievances.
Dispatches from Rio Janeiro contain information, that the King has forwarded his Royal acquiescence in the measures of reform now taking place at Lisbon; accompanied by an assurance, that when the constitutional restorations are completed by the Cortes, he will give them his cordial sanction, and send one of his sons to perform the offices of a Royal Chief Magistrate. NAPLES.
We are informed by the French journals, that the King of Naples arrived at Florence on the 22d ult. from Leghorn. His Majesty quitted Florence the 27th, arrived the same day at Bologna, and on the 28th at Modena. The King was expected at Laybach on the 4th inst, The Duke de Gallo, the Neapolitan Minister for Foreign Affairs, joined the King at Florence.
The following is a translation of a letter dated Dec. 20, which has excited considerable interest among the natural philo"Cosenza, On the sophers of Naples: 29th of November last, about half past six in the evening (un 'ora e mezza della notte), there suddenly appeared on the West of the horizon a luminous body more brilliant than the moon at its full. This body had the figure of a dragon. After passing with great velocity across the horizon, it changed into a dark and thick cloud. After three or four minutes several violent flashes of lightning burst from the cloud, which, after playing awhile through the air, died away. In the moment of their disappearance a long and loud peal of thunder was heard, and a considerable motion was felt in the air. The cloud then took a triangular figure, and rolling rapidly to the East, disappeared. On the following morning the mountains to the East were found covered with snow, although the weather had been very mild. Where it exploded there remained a long via lactea near the cloud. My opinion is, that it was a meteor composed of the same materials as lightning. Neither it nor its precipitations fell in direct lines, because their specific gravity was less than that of the air. On the tops of the mountains it was met by winds which dissolved it into snow."-This luminous body was visible at Naples, but none of its characteristics were observed: in some parts of Calabria, and on the part of Sicily opposite, we have heard that its appearances were more singular than those described in the foregoing letter.
Abstract of Foreign Occurrences.
A letter from Corfu states, that the famous Ex-Pacha of Janina, has obtained his pardon; having succeeded in gaining the party of the Harem by the sacrifice of two millions of sequins (1,000,000l. English sterling), and jewels to the value of half as much. His three sons, who had surrendered themselves to the Ottoman army, had been decapitated.
German papers contain the following Declaration, addressed to the different Governments of Europe by the Allied Sovereigns at Troppau, relative to the affairs of Naples. It was delivered to the Senate at Hamburgh, by the Austrian Resident Minister Baron Hadel :
"The overthrow of the order of things in Spain, Portugal, and Naples, has necessarily excited the cares and the uneasiness of the powers who combated the revolu tion, and convinced them of the necessity of putting a check on the new calamities. with which Europe is threatened. The same principles which united the great powers of the Continent to deliver the world from the military despotism of an individual issuing from the revolution, ought to set against the revolutionary power which has just developed itself.
"The Sovereigns assembled at Troppau, with this intention, venture to hope that they shall attain this object. They will take for their guides, in this great enterprise, the treaties which restored peace to Europe, and have united its nations together.
Without doubt, the powers have the right to take, in common, general mea. sures of precaution against those States, whose reforms, engendered by rebellion, are openly opposed to legitimate government, as example has already demonstrated; and, especially, when this spirit of rebellion is propagated in the neighbouring States, by secret agents. In consequence, the Monarchs assembled at Troppau have concerted together the measures required by circumstances, and have communicated to the Courts of London and Paris their intention of attaining the end desired, either by mediation or by force. With this view they have invited the King of the Two Sicilies to repair to Laybach, to appear there as conciliator between his misguided people and the States whose tranquillity is endangered by this state of things; and as they have resolved not to recognize any authority established by the seditious, it is only with the King that they can confer.
"As the system to be followed has no other foundation than treaties already existing, they have no doubt of the assent of the Courts of Paris and London. The only object of this system is, to consolidate the alliance between the Sovereigns;
it has no view to conquest, or to violations of the independence of other powers. Voluntary ameliorations in the Government will not be impeded. They desire only to maintain tranquillity, and protect Europe from the scourge of new revolutions, and to prevent them as far as possible."
The Berlin Government Gazette states itself authorised to declare, that no idea was ever entertained for a moment at Troppau, of negociating with the party prevailing at Naples, or to make proposals to it to change the new order of things. This would be, in other terms, recognising the legality of an insurrection, the instigators of which were a secret political sect, and whose instrument was the army.
The typhus fever has broken out in the Austrian encampment in Italy; and has spread so widely, that in some regiments there are from 700 to 800 men laid up in the hospitals and in all there were 16,000 men sick. The cavalry had also suffered considerable loss, attributed to want of forage; 1500 horses had died within a short time.
A proclamation has been issued by R. T. Farquhar, Esq. Governor of the Mauritius, granting the freedom of that port.
By accounts from Bombay, to the end of August, it appears, that his Excellency, Governor Elphinstone, had been obliged, in order to stop the depredations committed on British property by the pirates in the Arabian Gulph, to dispatch a squadron for the purpose.
A more serious disturbance has arisen, which all the exertions of the Most Noble the Governor General, and the Governor of Bombay, to settle amicably, have failed to accomplish. Some time in the mouth of June last, a Vakeel (or Ambassador) from the Sindians, a nation situated on the Indus, was proceeding to treat with the Government of Bombay, on some point, and who had a body of armed men with him; they were taken to be marauders, so common in that part of our territories (as a body of men called Cossacs and Justs had just been plundered in the district), and a scuffle took place, in which the Nakeel was unfortunately killed. It was entirely a mistake, as he had sent no account of his advance. The Hon. Mr. Elphinstone lost no time in explaining the matter, and the Sindiaus appeared to be satisfied; but, with the treachery that is their characteristic, they invaded Kutch, plundered a village, and wrote a most impudent dispatch to the Government of Bombay. In consequence of this, a force of 4000 troops was assembled in Kutch, under the command of the Hon. Colonel Lincoln Stanhope. Mr. Elphinstone theu sent an agent to meet the Vakeels of the Emirs of the Sindians, in the hope of an amicable
Foreign News.-Domestic Occurrences.
amicable termination, and stated to them the force with which he was resolved to prevent their further hostilities; but they thought lightly of our preparations, defied our power, and called in the aid of their neighbouring allies, and they stopped all commercial intercourse with the British Government.
The affair now assumed a serious complexion. The Sindians can muster a force of between 30 and 40,000 men, chiefly horse; and they threaten us with an invasion by the Balonches, whose country lies to the West of the Indus, and who are a terror to their neighbours. Lord Hastings is most auxious to preserve peace. The whole of the British territory under his command had assumed the most tranquil and flourishing appearance. The sense of security which the natives enjoy had every where given a spur to industry, and cultivation was making rapid strides. The Company's paper was at a premium, and every thing promised a continuance of prosperity and happiness before unknown to the Peninsula. Mr. Elphinstone cordially concurred with the Governor General in the desire of conciliating all ranks of the new countries of which we had gained possession, and it was gratifying to see the Pindarees and retired soldiers employing themselves in cultivating the fields. But it became impossible tamely to submit to this wanton aggression; and accordingly an army of 14,000 men is forthwith to be assembled, and by the month of October is expected to be in Kutch. The Commander in Chief is to be Sir Charles Colville, G. C. B. and the second in command Major General Lionel Smith, two most gallant officers, who possess the entire confidence of the Bombay army.
with the undertakings of the antient Kings of Egypt.
LOSS OF THE ABEONA TRANSPORT.-It is with the most poignant regret that we communicate the melancholy fate of the Abeona transport of 328 tons, under the charge of Lieutenant Mudge, of the Royal Navy, which sailed from Greenock, in October last, with settlers for the Cape of Good Hope.-On the 25th of November, about noon, in latitude 4 deg. 30 min. North, and longitude 25 deg. 30 min. West, the Abeona unfortunately caught fire, and was burnt, under circumstances of the most awful and distressing nature. Out of a crew of twenty-one persons, and one hundred and forty-one emigrants, men, women, and children, making a total of one hundred and sixty-one persons, only forty nine were saved. These are happily all safely landed at Lisbon, and have subsequently sailed in the Royal Charlotte, merchant brig, for Grenock, except ten orphan boys, whom the gentlemen of the British Factory, at Lisbon, have taken under their kind protection. The fire broke out in the after store-room, whilst the chief mate was occupied in some necessary business there; and such was the awful progress of the flames, that only three small boats could be got over-board, before the flames consumed the tackles, &c. necessary for hoisting out the longboat. In these three small boats fortynine persons were received on board with so scanty a supply of provisions, that the consequences must have been almost equally dreadful with the untimely fate of those left on board, had not a Portuguese ship from Bahia, bound to Lisbon, most providentially fallen in with them at daylight next morning, and received them on board, in which they were safely and hospitably conveyed to Lisbon, after cruizing about the fatal spot till noon, in hopes of descrying some of the miserable sufferers who might have clung to part of the wreck, but without success. Of a crew consisting of 21 persons, 14 are saved, including Lieut. Mudge, the agent; Mr. Fisher, the surgeon; the Master of the ship; and Second Mate; the First Mate, in the most feeling manner, refusing to go into the boats, saying that he would abide the fate of those left on board. Of the emigrants, consisting in all of 31 men, 24 women, 55 boys, and 30 girls,-only 10 men, 3 women, 16 boys, and 6 girls are saved.
PARTS OF THE COUNTRY. One of the churchwardens and the ringers of Charlton Mackrell, Somerset, having denied the right of the Rector (the
Rev. Mr. Sharpe) to control the ringing of the church bells, the latter bas consulted Dr. Lushington on the subject; and the following is given as the substance of the Doctor's opinion on the questions put
Occurrences in London and its Vicinity.
to him by the Rector: That the consent of the Minister (whether incumbent or curate) is necessary to authorize the ringing of bells in the church; and that the consent of either or both Churchwardens, without the Minister's consent, is not sufficient. That the Minister's consent to the ringing of the bells must always be had; if the two Churchwardens differ, the consent of the Minister and one Churchwarden would be sufficient; but the consent of the Minister against both Churchwardens would not justify the ringing, nor would the consent of both Churchwardens against the Minister authorize it. That the Minister has authority to limit the time of ringing, and that the ringers are bound to obey him. And that no person has a right, without the consent of the Minister (whether incumbent or curate) to place flags, garlands, or any thing else, either in or upon the church, or in the church-yard."
Letters from Ireland, of a very recent date, represent the state of that country as in a most melancholy point of view. Most of the farmers are ruined in consequence of their land being held at the war-rents; which, from the extremely low price of provisions, they are wholly unable to pay.
The Hawk, next to the Parrot, is said to be the longest-lived bird that flies; one of the former birds, of the buzzard kind, died lately, which had been in the gardens at Blickling, in Norfolk, upwards of 50 years, and was an old bird when taken and placed there.
A Goose, the property of Mr. Hird, sen. of Heapham, Lincolnshire, laid the astonishing number of ten eggs on the 1st of November last.
A tenant of the Rev. M. Cottie, of Warwick, has just presented to him a part of the solid butt of an ash tree, containing within it the skull of some animal (unknown). It was in the part of the tree nine feet above the ground, and was perfectly enclosed in solid timber.
At Prickwillow, near Ely, Mr. Gittam of Nordelph, Norfolk, undertook to skait a mile on the ice in three minutes, for a wager of one hundred guineas. An amazing assemblage of persons attended to witness the undertaking, and agreeably surprised to see it accomplished with great apparent ease in fifteen seconds less than the given time.
Jan. 10. The severity of the frost was so extreme this night, that as Mr. Felwick, of Tangier Mill, Eton, was returning from Maidenhead Market, he was perfectly benumbed as he arrived near Dorney Common, and, falling from his horse, lay in the road quite insensible. No signs of life were perceived for three hours; after which time Mr. Felwick be
came gradually aware of his situation. He describes, that he felt a violent and sudden chill seize his whole body as he was riding along, and he became almost instantly powerless, and fell from his horse. He had dined with some farmers at Maidenhead, but took no liquor whatever. Mr. Felwick is still very ill.
Jan. 15. A destructive fire broke out at Thorpe Hall, in Hertfordshire, the residence of Mr. Campbell Bowen, which burnt it to the ground in two hours, together with coach-house and stabling contiguous, and a rick of hay. It was occasioned by the negligence of a servant setting fire to the curtains in going to bed.
OCCURRENCES IN LONDON
Thursday, Dec. 21.
At Bow-street, Mr. Frederick Accum, the well-known lecturer on practical chemistry, was brought to the office by Bishop and Nicholls, the officers, from his house in Compton-street, Soho, where he has resided for about thirty years, charged with robbing the Royal Institution in Albemarle-street; to which the prisoner was a subscriber, and had been so for a number of years. He underwent an examination before R. Birnie, esq. the sitting Magistrate; from which it appeared, that the valuable library of the Royal Institution had been considerably deteriorated for some years past, on account of the books having been mutilated by some person who had torn out part of their leaves. This disgraceful practice increased so much, that Mr. John Stert, the assistant librarian, laid in watch to detect the offenders; and on the 20th, suspecting the prisoner had torn five leaves out of "Nicholson's Journal," which he had been reading, he obtained a search-warrant, and in Mr. Accum's house found a number of leaves, that corresponded with books. which had been mutilated. It was sup
posed that Mr. Accum's object was, to assist him in his scientific publications, and save him the expence of purchasing books; the leaves taken out of the different books being the most interesting and important part of the works. The prisoner, in his defence, said, the leaves seized by the officers at his house, and produced before the Magistrate, belonged to books which he had at home.-The Magistrate, after hearing the whole of the case, observed, that, however valuable the books might be from which the leaves found in the prisoner's house had been taken, yet the leaves separated from them were only waste paper. If they had weighed a pound, he would have committed him for the value of a pound of waste