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By JOANNA BAILLIE, Author of "Plays on the Passions," &c.

The Vision of Judgment, a Poem. By ROBERT SOUTHEY, Esq.

Helen de Tournon, a Novel. By Madame de Souza, Author of "Adèle de Sénange," &c. Translated from the French. Precaution, a Novel.

The Fall of the Crescent; Buccaneer; Rosalind's Bower; Sacred Melodies, &c.

The Gentleman's Mathematical and Poetical Companion for 1821, containing Answers to the last year's Questions, Enigmas, Charades, Rebuses, &c.; also new ones proposed for the next. The whole selected, from an extensive Correspondence.

Preparing for Publication.

History and Antiquities of several Parishes in the Hundreds of Bullington and Ploughley, Oxfordshire, illustrated by numerous Engravings of Churches, Crosses, and antient Edifices, compiled from original documents in the several parish Archives, the public depositories in London and Oxford, as well as those in the possession of Sir Gregory Osborne Page Turner, bart. and other private collectors. By JOHN DUNKIN, Author of the History and Antiquities of Bicester, &c.

Church of England Theology, in a series of Ten Sermons, separately, and beautifully printed in Manuscript Character. By the Rev. R. WARNER, Rector of Great Chalfield, Wilts, &c. &c.

Compendium of the Evidence of Christianity, with Portraits and Vignettes, to be completed in Six Monthly Volumes. This Publication is designed for that numerous and important class who are equally removed from the sphere of cheap Tracts, and from the ability of purchasing works suited to their growing intelligence.

Intimations and Evidences of a future State. By the Rev. T. Watson.

A Selection of the Correspondence of Linnæus, and other Naturalists, translated from the originals, and never before published. There has lately been discovered, among the papers of a shoemaker in Sweden, a biographical account of Linnæus, written by himself, and since continued to his death. The autograph MS. which is in the Swedish language, has been sent to Upsal, and will speedily be printed.

A new Edition of Blackstone's Com. mentaries, with Notes and Annotations, and Corrections of the errors and misstatements of the learned and eloquent Judge; as also of his less favoured editors. By J. WILLIAMS.

A Memoir of the Operations of the British Army in India during the Mahratta War of 1817, 1818, and 1819; illustrated by Maps and Topographical Plans. By


Lieut. col. BLACKER, Companion of the most Honourable Order of the Bath, and Quarter Master General of the Army of Fort St. George.

Narrative of the Campaign of the left wing of the Allied Army under the Duke of Wellington, from the passage of the Bedasso in 1813, to the end of the war in 1816. Illustrated by a Plan of the theatre of war, and twenty Views of the Scenery in the Pyrenees and South of France. By Capt. BATTY.

An Itinerary of the Rhone, including part of the Southern Coast of France. By JOHN HUGHES, esq. M. A. of Oriel College, Oxford.

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An Attempt to analyse the Automaton Chess Player of M. de Kempelin, with an easy Method of imitating the Movements of that celebrated Figure. Illustrated by Plates, and accompanied by a copious Collection of the Knights' Moves over the Chess-board.

Mr. Cooper has issued Proposals for publishing, by subscription, A New Choral

Book for the use of the Established Church; containing a Selection of the most valuable and useful Compositions for that service, by the most celebrated German composers of the last four hundred years; enriched by a number of choice Melodies, of the best English masters of the last century.


His Majesty has intrusted the formation of this Institution to the learned and eminent Dr. Thos. Burgess, Bishop of St. David's. Other branches of the Royal Family have become subscribers; Ministers give their aid; many of the most distinguished among the Clergy concur in promoting the plan; and the leading members of both Universities are among its friends. The funds are already considerable; and his Majesty may be considered as the personal as well as Royal Founder and Patron of the Society. The first Prize Questions to be proposed are as follows: Premiums for the Years 1821 and 1822.

1. The King's Premium of One Hundred Guineas, for the best Dissertation on the Age, Writings, and Genius of Homer; and on the State of Religion, Society, Learning, and the Arts, during that period, collected from the writings of Homer.

2. The Society's Premium of Fifty Guineas, for the best Poem on Dartmoor.

3. The Society's Premium of Twentyfive Guineas, for the best Essay on the History of the Greek Language; of the present Language of Greece, especially in the Ionian Islands; and on the Difference between Ancient and Modern Greek.

* See vol. XC. ii. 444.

A Berlin


Literary Intelligence.-Arts and Sciences.

A Berlin Artist, Mr. Charles P. Khummer, has recently published a globe with the mountains boldly executed in relief. This method impresses the subject more forcibly upon the mind than the mode hitherto adopted, and is consequently admirably calculated for geographical in


M. Gau, an Antiquary and Architect of Cologne, is returned from his travels in Palestine, Egypt, and Nubia, where he He has ascended to the second cataract. brings a very valuable collection of drawings of remarkable monuments; many of these have been taken for the first time, and others have been executed in a more correct manner.

There will be about

sixty plates on Nubia, of which there are none in the great French work, and twenty additional plates on Egpyt and Jerusalem; the explanations to be in French and German. A specimen of five or six plates will appear very shortly, representing buildings and bas-reliefs.

In 1818, a printing press was set up in Hobart's Town, Van Dieman's Land, New


Holland. The first book from this press is the History of a fugitive exile, named Michael Howe, who at the head of twentyeight other run aways, disturbed the tranquillity of the colony for six years. The work derives importance from the singularity of the circumstances, and from the story.

M. Graner, a Major in the Swedish service, who set out last year to explore in the South Sea, a new route for merchant vessels from Chili to the East Indies, has discovered in that ocean a group of islands hitherto unknown to mariners. To the largest of them he has given the name of Oscar. It is to be regretted that the Swedish journals, from which this intelligence is extracted, furnish no details relative to the position of these islands.

The Museum of the Asiatic Society of Calcutta, among other curiosities, contains a bulrush, cut in Nepaul, 84 feet in length, a serpent with two heads, specimens of mosaic from Agra and Golconda, crystals from Nepaul, and sculptures from Persepolis, Java, &c.


An Institution is about to be established at Birmingham, on the principle of an academy for the study of the Fine Arts, in which are to be placed, for the use of the students, a collection of the best casts from the antique.


The progress which this art has made at Hamburgh exceeds in neatness, elegance, and finish of execution, those of all the other Lithographical establishments in Germany. The artists are liberally encouraged there: without mentioning the great number of maps of every description which they have produced, equal in beauty to those executed on copper, we will merely point out some very superior productions, chiefly by Grogers and Aldenrath.

A landscape with cattle, from a painting by Herterich; a Holy Family from another by Haysdorff; a whole-length portrait of Luther; and several landscapes executed in a particular style, and possessing great elegance and force: these are by Benedixen, who has employed both lines and dots. Bunsden, of Altona, has produced many subjects of Gothic architecture. But the most admirable of all, are three heads of Christ, one after Carlo Dolce, by Herterich; another by Grogers, from a design of his own; and the third from Albert Durer, by Benedixeu.

Mr. Martin, Lithographer, has favoured us with the following remarks on this useful

art:-"Stones, both English and foreign,
are used, but the latter are preferred; one
side of which is polished, or granulated,
and made susceptible of receiving on its
surface the most delicate traits of Drawings,
&c. delineated with chalk, composed of
shellac, wax, lamp black, and a coaduni-
tion of oleaginous substances. The Writ-
ing from prepared paper, and ink, is trans-
ferred to the stone by means of a slight
pressure occasioned by passing the given
subject under the scraper of the press.
The face of the stone on which the writ-
ing or drawing, &c. has been transferred,
or executed thereon, is then washed with
water mingled with nitric acid, which makes
the writing, &c. adhere so firmly, that
it cannot be erased but by repolishing
the stone. When it is wished to take off
an impression, the stone is fixed into the
press, and the surface of it wiped with a
damp sponge, in consequence of which the
lines that constitute the writing or drawing,
having been made with grease, reject the
wet, and remain perfectly dry. A roller
of a cylindrical form, covered with lea-
ther, which is blacked with printing ink,
composed of oil, lamp, black, and indigo,
is then passed over the stone: any co-
lour might be used by finding a substi
tute for lamp black, &c. The wet parts re-
ject the colour, and the greasy ones, that
is to say, the writing or drawing, receive
it. The other parts of the process are

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conducted in a manner analogous to that of letter-press printing, and with little or no disparity in the expence of its execution."


A new discovery in the Fine Arts was communicated to this Academy in the sitting of the 10th November, of which the following announcement is given in the Moniteur, dated Caen, 12th Dec.

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"An interesting discovery for the Arts has just been made in our department. It is a new process for producing, ad infinitum, a design traced on a plate of porcelain. In this respect it is a method analogous to lithography: but it has many advantages over it. By means of tablets of porcelain, impressions may be takeu of the finest and most delicate sketches of the crayon or pencil; and long use of the plate will neither efface nor spread the touches, as too often happens in the processes of mezzotinto and lithography. We will not undertake to describe exactly the new process. We can only say that the lines traced with a particular metallic composition ou the polished surface of porcelain become incrusted there by a second baking, without forming any indentation or relief, and without being in the least enlarged or deformed. The parts drawn have acquired a sort of asperity not sensible to the touch, but which retain the ink perfectly, while that substance slides off the rest of the plate. It will be seen from this, that the design is indelibly fixed. On the contrary, in lithography a thousand accidents, the action alone of the press, may stretch and render blurred the lines traced upon a stone, which, being porous, must remain always more or less permeable to an ink of the same nature as that with which the sketch is first made."

Mr. Tilloch, in the Philosophical Magazine, observes on the above discovery, "I strongly suspect that the writer of the foregoing letter knows nothing whatever of the discovery which he attempts to describe, excepting only that porcelain tablets are to be substituted for the stones now used in the lithographic art; and this I take to be the real discovery, namely, that porcelain plates may be used instead of stone, and the tracings be made with vitrifiable materials, instead of waxy or resinous. Every person acquainted with printing, knows that printers' ink will attach itself to any smooth surface (even to glass), unless the material be pervious to and imbibed with water. It is the water that prohibits the adhesion of the ink. Contrary to what the writer insinuates, it seems likely that the porcelain plates are used in their unglazed state, and that the only


glazed parts are those which exhibit the lines of the design. If this opinion be correct, it will follow that the porcelain plates are to be preferred to stone; because, should they get injured at any time with the touch of a greasy finger (which often ruins a lithographic design, by rendering the part adhesible to the ink, when the ball is applied to it), they may be perfectly restored to use by baking again in the kiln."


The white used in oil-painting is, generally, prepared from lead, and forms the basis of many other pigments; and is extremely liable to turn brown or black, when affected by sulphureous vapours. M. Thenard, of Paris, has restored a painting of Raphael's, thus injured, by means of oxygenated water, applied with a pencil, which instantly took out the spots and restored the white. The fluid was so weak, as to contain not more than five or six times its volume of oxygen, and had no taste.


Professor Meynecke, of Halle, has invented a method of producing a beautiful illumination, by means of electrical light, with the help of artificial air enclosed within pipes of glass. As electrical sparks may be generated ad infinitum, a possibility exists, that by means of an electrical machine, and such an apparatus as M. Meynecke has invented, a whole city may be thus illuminated, and with very little cost.


The late eclipse, contrary to the calculations of astronomers, was annular at Florence for the space of 1' 44". The end of the eclipse took place in that city at 4h 26'6"; that is, 34" after the time predicted by the astronomer Carlini, and 28" after that calculated by Professor Linari.

A CURE FOR THE ASCARIDES. A Constant Reader gives the following recipe as a cure for the Ascarides. "Mix a dram of powder of tin in a tea spoonful of honey, or currant jelly if preferred, and take it twice a day for six days successively, making, altogether, 12 drams. The particles of tin act as a file upon the tender bodies of the ascarides, which it destroys. A little rhubarb, or any mild aperient medicine, should be taken every other night during the time of taking the tin. As the powder of tin does not act upon the bowels, the writer of this is not aware that the above quantity would be too much for a child, but it would be prudent to inquire of the chymist where it is purchased, respecting this circumstance."


* DURING a long and eventful period our Publication has been unremittingly devoted to the pursuit of Antiquarian and Topographical knowledge. On commencing our Ninety-first Volume, it may not appear unseasonable to notice the successful result of our labours.

In taking a retrospective view of the numerous Volumes of the Gentleman's Magazine, we cannot but experience the most pleasing satisfaction, on perceiving the abundant stores of valuable information on this interesting subject. We may confidently assert that no periodical Work extant can display so ample a field of antiquarian lore; neither does any Miscellany of the day possess resources sufficiently ample to compete with the persevering researches and useful discoveries of our numerous and learned Correspondents; to whom we return our grateful acknowledgments, for many curious papers and important communications on this abstruse, though curious depart ment of Literature.-It shall be our unceasing study to merit a continuvance of their favours; and whilst we enjoy the support and approbation of the Publick, in so liberal a manner, our labours will receive the most ample reward. We still solicit the contributions of our erudite Correspondents in this particular Science; as we feel conscious that accurate and minute information, respecting Antiquarian discoveries, can only be obtained through the medium of indi


The annexed is a drawing made from the back pannel of a carved Armed-Chair, purchased lately of a broker in the county of Nottingham, who was unable to give any account. of its former possessors, or even of its last owner, further than that he was a poor cottager of a neighbouring village.

Our Correspondent thinks he has been able to trace out with some exactness for whom the Chair was originally made. The Arms can belong to no other person than to Henry, the last Earl of Essex of the name of Bourchier, who broke his neck by a fall from his horse in the year

viduals immediately connected with the spot where antient relicks may exist. No pains or expense shall be spared in elucidating the curious remains of "the times of yore;" so that they may prove gratifying to the Antiquary in particular, and interesting to the Publick in general.We shall always adhere to facts and historical statements in preference to long and laboured Essays "signifying nothing,"

-a fault too common

with many contemporary Magazines, whose contributors are remunerated according to the extent of their Articles! Thus we ardently hope to render this Publication a valuable store-house of useful knowledge, instead of allowing it to become a tedious melange of theoretical opinions. We have superior means of ensuring our pre-eminence over every literary Thersites of the day, by our ample


We have witnessed many who, for a short time, have "fretted their hour away," and then sunk into their primitive obscurity; whilst SYLVANUS URBAN has stood like towering Atlas, when conflicting elements thunder over his head, and oceans break their billows at his feet.

We observe some nascent Productions, the mere ephemerals of a day, aspiring to a rivalship with our own, that have emerged from the ruins of their predecessors, as the fabled Phoenix of old sprung from its own ashes; but they also are ready to "give up the ghost," and will soon "be gathered unto their fathers."


1529 (31 Hen. VIII.); having been elected a Knight of the Garter in the preceding reign; and whose only child (Anne) married William Lord Parr of Kendall, who was made Earl of Essex in her right, and died in 1571.

The Arms are quarterly; first, Bourchier; second, Bohun; third, Woodville (or Widdevile); and fourth, Louvain: they can belong only to the before-named last Earl of Essex of the name of Bourchier, in this obvious manner:

William de Burgo-Caro, or Bourchier (created Earl of Ewe at Maunt in Normandy, by Henry the Fifth), married one



Antiquarian Researches.

of the daughters and co-heiresses of Thomas de Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester,, by Eleanor his wife, one of the two daugh ters and co-heiresses of Humphrey de Bohun, the last Earl of Hereford and Essex.

Henry de Burgo-Caro, or Bourchier, was the eldest son of the said William, and was created Earl of Essex; and in the 13th of Edw. IV. was Keeper of the Great Seal. He married Elizabeth, the sister of Richard Duke of York.

William Lord Viscount Bourchier, the eldest son of this marriage, married Anne, the sister and co heiress of Richard Wood


vile, the last Earl Rivers (executed at Pontefract), and died in the life-time of his father, leaving a son Henry (who succeeded his grandfather), and a daughter called Cecily, who married Sir John Devereux, whose great grandson Walter was made Earl of Essex by Queen Elizabeth, in right of this marriage with Cecily Bourchier.

This Henry Bourchier (who succeeded his grandfather in the title) was the last (of that name) Earl of Essex, and is the person for whom the Chair was made, as is evident from the Coats of Arms shown in this Drawing.

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The first quarter is Argent, a cross engrailed Gules between four water bougets Sable, for Bourchier (his paternal Arms); the second Azure, a bend Argent between two cotises and in lions rampant Or, for Bohun (which belonged to him in right of his great great-grandmother, one of the two co-heiresses of Humphrey de Bohun above mentioned); the third Argent, a fesse and canton Gules, for WidGENT. MAG. January, 1821.

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