Imágenes de página

wonderful, that this feeling should have lain dormant for so many years? That, while Napoleon and his army were in Spain, at, Vienna, at Berlin, and even at Moscow; that when such fair opportunities offered, when there was nothing apparently to prevent the people of France from expressing their Wishes in your favour; that, upon none of these occasions, no part of that populous nation should, amongst

.all their love of changes, have thought of

expressing a wish for the return of the ancient family? If I am reminded of the spies, the police, the gens d’arrnes of N apoleon, I answer that all these were still Frenchmen. They made a part of the French people at any rate‘; and, some 'how or other, it has happened, that this people, taken all together, have, until now, been

uilte silent as to any wish for. the restoration of your House. They are now, we

.are told, lost in their feelings of joy at your

return; but, when was there a nation, the populace of which did not shout for the strongest; did not shout for him who had the power for the time being} Loud as the shouts may be, they have not, and will not, surpass those which were'wont to be set up for Napoleon, who, according to the accounts we received, was hailed at Rome, Amsterdam, Berlin, and Vienna, with joy as great as your Majesty is said to have been hailed with at Paris. This noise, therefore, is no circumstance to judge by of the real sentiments of the nation; and, if your Majesty has a true friend about you, he will cautin you, every hour in“ the day, not to build any


‘I hopes u n that of which these shouts ap

pear to e the evidence._ He will remind you, as I have, that‘ the French people never spoke of ,you and your family, ‘till the foreign armies got possession of their country 5 ' and that, so reluctant were they to do it at last, that the white cockade did not travel _so _ fast as the invaders, until Paris itself was taken, and Napoleon was unable to afford them any chance of successful _resistance.—_.-—'l‘hese ‘are facts, which a_ fal'thful adviser will keep "constantly before you,‘ as the strongestuf all possible reasons for your acting in such a way as shall reconcile the people to your return. Either, says common sense, the peole of France really wish for your retoration, or they did not: either it is true

[blocks in formation]
[graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

» I

[blocks in formation]

New Constitution be accepted by you and’ preserved, will not fail to recollect, that its

chief merit is, that it retains what ‘vhe'had established; that it is, in fact, the ‘work of his hands; that‘ he made the Senate and the Legislative Body 5' and ‘that, by what; ever name his code may now be called, it is, in fact, the Code Napoleon. There~ fore, ‘it will require‘, on your-‘part; nocomi 'mon degree of prudence and firmness to "satisfy a people, who have lived under sn‘ch a ruler. The old regime will not suit ‘such a people‘. They have been spoiled for the old ‘Those who are still attached ‘to that regime are abjqut to quit life: The scehe is filled with new actors with feelings 9nd minds fitted only to ‘a _'ne'w and more free and active state ofthiii’gs. I ' The ‘pic’; thre'of France, ~11reuioj1s to the r'evo_lt1tio_n,* ‘as given'us by Mr. Young, the Secretary to our Board of Agriculture, ‘travelled ‘all over France, who made the "most ini‘nute inquiries, who observed accurately‘; hnd who, in 'writihg, always 'citedhis an; ‘thoriti'es; this picture was'su'ch, thatrth'e


than who did not wish tocseea total change‘

in the government, "rnn’t ‘have b’e‘eh a fiend
in human sh'a‘
'such men, an in England too ; hilt, their
‘wishesy'were defeated; they had‘ the inor-

V jtlification to see the French people become

‘free; and they are‘ now endeavouring‘ “to stimulate your Majesty 'againjo; make them

slaves. ‘ Their hhtr'étl 'i‘s pattly to'France‘

and partly to tr'eegnhi» ; but, the latter Jpx'edominates theii'inirid.‘ ' This class ‘of -men, and this ‘class alone! would recomm'enfl ‘an attempt to restore the ancient r'e'girne‘; They 2113 v cm'cifiea at the thong'hf

‘of the reyol'ntionlhaving ended witha'gain' ‘

To the cause fifeefloihi So much has


)iyayih‘g been so often 'e'alled for!


. I There ‘were; however; '

not been gainedhas the friend:v offiigert _ could hav‘ejx‘ishedylhut, iftyo‘mj I attest 'zis'c'end the throne upon the conditions lite; sc‘ri'he‘cl, " I'nnce,'at any rate‘; will enjoy as much fr’eerloi'n as we, ‘who fotfnier'ly reproaéhéd the _ French nation, with being slaves ; and_'yo‘ur 'stnijer'ts, will‘ have. the advantage of hilving somethingtlilte‘a sfieqifié

( co'rhpa'ct ti‘) ret'e‘rmtot~ The ren'ch fiebple

have carried on }! ‘fwar lfoi’ tiventyi-t'vvo ‘years; the have‘ made" great sacrifices; they have ost nfuc‘h of their best blood; but, they have given an example‘ to? the yvorld (ii ivl'lat people ‘are able to do ‘when the obtaining 'ot‘ freedom is, ‘their ohj‘éct, and' to hate secni’edhiany' advantages, any one of which would have been worth a life of_ win’. Th‘ejprinci‘pl’e of i‘gs‘r'e'sén‘tative government théy have can?’ I tjohé recognized - they have‘ a' ebtppa'ct v'v'ith the'hj' ing", ‘who is 0‘ led; h'ot'ihgvirthe of his‘ fright, but Q‘: a dec'r‘ee',_ to siip'p‘ly the place of another Who had been deposed by 'a decree.’ "I‘h'ey'h'a‘ve made conditions with their new Sovereign} they‘ haw-elmPo'séci an oath on 'hi'fn to observe the'vcom;

as ‘will gitfe them, at en's}, as tn‘iijch; eeam as the En‘ tish, ,fifiloiigst wimp-they

—’-—‘-T'i\ie.s' ixr'el'té" lie lfiviciig'imfiérligliy; equality of pram-tier] it; takes is arr?! ‘ and no tax i's’tiYb‘e fin ""sed wt frleecioiisén‘t of the Légis ‘ tive Body. ’ taxe'saare ‘to Eiid for indie-than o'ne‘jgm ' except‘ flieh1~xi>m§+§fliese are mos: imppflam paiiitegjig is all ,gtiafit'thq re'phh. licahsever Wished for upbn‘thi'si beam-Mafia thus; by‘ the; flew ‘eonipié't “w: 'out 'Maje'sttiw‘dl . faitfifitty Q is? .jé. hipse fictions ‘and detestabetiratns union ‘the people} 'underfnan‘iesofl Ctiivéége'“ abgflq; fllill'es, an'dhfcudal inf! :ja'gi'yilfé; done at‘vay. The per 'dlilyy‘i‘n'the, u‘n‘p. isition; so ‘strongly dwelt fip'o‘ga'hy' it‘. Young’, is provi'dedj‘gai‘nstgl I 'e 'o'diouii 'andfin'tolerablé exe'mpliohs are ilholish'ed by‘ ‘your oyi'n consent ; 'fnenl sregw contribute attordifig 10 rk'eirj pilgrim, 'ahd ‘not ahead. fihg to the 9; ‘any snhalt'eréi-i'uler; and 'thn'stl, igVt11,§§peet; ' 3:, France Naive "heii-‘an'd “ if?“ ever‘the repub icim's' ever Khaajaf . _ 'Plationt ,' "Ilfi'ek‘indéi'geiiidéf ‘ v dic'ral power is 'gll'vrflflleé'dk? " t - .IJS {0 say‘, it isv to re'in'ain as Naiioleonfifi it. Therqis tof be'bfie anci‘the sarne'f'steiiz


r i a. .. ,_ ._ ’ i'andséwftfificiplésfirdesidiihshe ' ' > a; 15mm mo {hisiadgresgthe republication

[blocks in formation]


pact; and theyhav‘en‘adesnclwhbni act ‘

formerly passe? for" e‘qiit'tnpitihle__lBI§VQS-'

[merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small]

support ofsorne hundreds of thousands of '

persons, who, under-‘the 'pr'etext‘of deyotjug their times ahd persons‘ solely to God,

‘yellowed in wealth, luxury, and pleasure, '

and insulted the'people by whose labours

they'livpd; 'II‘heirfyproper'ty pgidlittle’or ‘

1:10 share of the lqlPOS_l§;- theyenjo ea‘ 1111the ‘bgttefitsmand Performed none 'ot" the lllltiéii of Civil Society‘ They were not,‘ in general, amenable to the‘ laws; they. (:9 ' rjriitted crimes withirnpiinity; and tlie on y in which they exerted their taleutsfwas it! ¢pipgalivethm accursed superstition, which served to {rescue ‘their .pwn power at the expense 0 ' public ‘happiness.-.-“ The freedom of Vu‘Or‘SZ'li/J “and ‘conscience is guaranteed,- and, theminirs.ters of wot-shin are treated andjprotectefd alikevfj—F—Thtsis again a 'rnere ‘continue; tionpf ‘the lawisltnd revula'tions' of Napoleon. But, the word‘ __lr(titem'enf has‘ a meaning Qffrt'ezt imgortance, which is not contained‘ iri, the 'trgnslation. ‘The wqry'd, in french,‘ [13eél)‘_5'$dia7‘1/_,_0rpa .- and, the coiniiact with your ‘Majesty is, that the ministers of all religions, ‘shall be ,[Jqfdjin (he lame minper, lor,"_ti'oin'siinilar sources; Thus,‘ the1,"th_e lit'lfea"2_11'e_n‘_qt to Le rezgivpd. This is f a most important point; I not only as it afl‘egs properly, but {as' it affect; the

' wet‘ ant influence efjhe Ror1_1isli'Cl_1urcli._ ‘, n‘ 'faizt', this article" bf‘ the comfiact adhered ‘.0, ‘there vwill be no elrtr'll‘lisllbll church in France; gmfl'd, _ thirflt, that ‘your Majesty during your long exile, yriust h‘ave hééhfirixlghtq cohvfug you;v ‘that a P'F'. ' dognihglt hierarbhyhas its'inconveniehces. To! liiudqwnaii established Gh'urch,‘ a vpry Aferentthinw front 'réfréiihing to'rdise up "on‘that ‘has already‘been {nit flow .


solo dly eomglains; allith'osc ISL-rsecuting

This matter of titles ‘may be“ looked upon

tion.’ It i's'a land-inzh‘k for a great part of the world to go by ; and, there will be nine hundred and ninety-nine out of every thousand in England, who will say, that,

amply paid for" all their sacrifices.
(‘Here it is that your Majesty will stand in
need ofall your firmness and resolution.
The priests will assail you with the artillery
of their terrors and all the mining-tools of
their endless and ever-yarying intrigue‘.
_’l‘o rob' the Church of her patrimony will
be laid before you as the wan bf crimes’;
'to dO'jllSt'iCé to her will be represented as
necessary at the‘ risk of lc'sirig a crown
‘and "life; "kind, as for oaths,~ they will be
termed trash; when in opposition" to thi:
‘interests of all that is‘ valuable in the world
to cbmef'" ‘ Nevertheless, you must ré-
sist, if you wish to reign in ‘peace ;' for, to
revive the tithes; to bring back a claimant
to a share in every man's crop, and that,
Ptoo, after the lapse of twenty-two years ;
to give a fifth, 01', perhaps, a fourth,‘ of the
anhuel worth of every man's lahli to another,
'when, in rnany ca'sesjthe iand' has-been


* Purchased being free Pros?!‘ any such charge, "“'_°~""i'1t13i?' “" “If ‘'“1‘ ".ri' ‘,3 i. 1"; l-E'P- Iii" exciting eommotions leading tower“), it‘ not to', another revolution." Your-Ma


jesty'xi'ill'not want for advisers, the press, inst/22's enquiry,‘ urge you to ‘at-loot thifodious" nieasure. There 'are men here,

who, caring nothing aboilt or you!‘ fit:

the people of France being free and appy. -’l’hey'clread~ to see llIZéJCOPlB of Fijghée gain .anywbcnéfits at’ 1 7, They would, "above all things, dread the consequences of their‘ being, under 'a government aoknowledgedto be legitimate, ti‘ced from the charge of til/res. - 'I'liey‘would beterritie'd at so'glangerous an exqmplgasthe would deern'_it;_ 9nd,} have little doubt‘, that; if yyour'contbrni strictly tp'this part of the compact, they ‘will soon be found thef’bitt'erest‘ of‘ your“ enemies.‘ This pointis notflilke_any-thing_relating to the ‘legion honour, or to any rnode of proceeding in the LcgislativeBody. 1t touches ‘the prayers’ of 'eyery man who has pro“pert‘y. To revive the vtithes would be directly sending a stranger‘ to take away the tenth part of every rnan's produce. What a change! \Vhafia contrast ~with the g9; vernnient of Napoleon! It woulglflrome every hitch-fork in‘ your lgiuwdorp. Add yetfifdone at allit inust'be'


done'iat once.


as the touch-stone of the counter-revolw ~

in this one thing, the French people are


mily, are filled with dread ‘at the‘ 1 of '


it is not a work that can be effected by time, or by partial acts; for, to seize the tenth of a man's crop cannot be done imperceplll'ly ,- the people cannot be deprived of this, as they sometimes are of their political rights, by slow and imperceptible degrees. It is not like a tax, which, at _w_orst, is only for a lime, and ‘is ‘paid in (noney._ It is a seizure upon the real property itself. The act is visible, and touches .every manin the tenderest part. Your Majesty may have perceived, that, amongst our great agriculturists, including some of the most violent enemies of the French revolution, there are persons who are very eager for . the abolition of the tithes even .here. They speak of them as a monstrous national evil ,- they have no scruple of attributing every scarcity to them, though they forget that they now and then com_plain, that com is too cheap; though this cause of scarcity is existing all the while. These worthy gentlemen are deceived; but, 'the error is general; and, one of our nolblemen, not long ago,_cited the happiness, of our neighbours in being frecdfrom tithes. But, to impose tithes is very different 'from preserving them, especially when, iin the former case, the land has been purshss ‘sister will‘; ‘assesses. must be your worst foes, if they counsel


you to depart one jot from this condition

of your restoration. .Yet, here again it ‘ must he confessed, that the French people will have been gainers by the revolution. This their gain will excite envy in their ‘ neighbours, and will tend, it may be hoped ’ to strengthen, rather than weaken, the cause of freedom.-—-—The liberty of conscience and of public worship which is provided for, or, rather, retained, will give great satisfaction to the friends of freedom, especially to those who have read of the horrid persecutlonszof the Protestants, under _the ancient regime. ‘But, it is said, that, this country, there are Protestants who protest against this condition of your recall! . They kwish- you to re-establish the Catholic hierarchy in all its plenitude. The truth A is, that they care nothing about ,your interests or the interests of religion. They '_ hate freedom; they loolt upon an exclusive church-establishment as the means of

: holding men _in abject subjection ; and, _ therefore, whether Catholic or Protestant, '__t'l_1ey wish for an establishment.

Majesty'will hardly have failed to-be amus


ed observing the conduct of those persons. Before the revolution in France,

they reviled the Catholic religion and the Catholic priest. They represented your redecessors as tyrants; your clergy as subtle’ and cruel knaves ; and the people of France as superstitions and degraded slaves. But, the revolution having alarmed them, your family became a race of paternal sovereigns, and, as to the Catholic priests, they were the most pious and most virtuous set of men in existence. The repeal of the edict of N antes was no longer thought of ; the judicial murders of Languedoc and Provence at the dictation of bloody bigotry, might have been necessary to prevent “ disorganizzuion ,-" the Pope, from being called Anti-Christ, became “ a venerable old man -,“ and, even the inqui. sition with its cells and its flames, tended, at least, to preserve “ social order." Your Majesty must have been amused with all this. The shyness of the world gave you time to observe and reflect ; and I dare say, that you concluded these people to be the very basest '_of all mankind. From the same motivethat hugged the Capu'chins to their bosom, and that their wives and daughters decorated themselveswith rosaries and crosses, they would stimulate you to extirpate,ior, at least, degrade, all the Protestants in France,- namely, because liberty of conscience there, perfect equality as to religious matters, would be an acquistion to the cause offreedom.———The remaining condition, relating to religion‘, is of great consequence too; that is, " that all Frenchmen are equally admissible to all civil and military employmenls." This is a very wise and just provision, or, rather, retention of what Napoleon hadesta'blished. You, like him, will act wisely in availing yourself of all the talerts you can reach, without regard to the reigious opinions of the possessor. The beliélor disbelief in the doctrine of transubstantiation has nothing to do with the making of a treaty, or‘ the pointing of a cannon, or the deciding of a question in law or equity. trance, under your sway, if you adhere impartially to this condition, will set a hrigh example to the European nations. You wll call down‘ on your head the curses of suptrstition and priest-craft, of corruption, and of every oligarchy on earth; but, you vll be faith fully served, and France will alvéys be able to chastise any envious aggressm—é-Your only real enemies are those, wht will endeavour to stimulate you to actsc' despot. ism and revenge. I perceive Wh great satisfaction, that the republican generals


are likely to be the commander under . . . .


you. You have seen, that there was no dependence on the frivolous otfspring of ‘what was called high blood. There were enough of these in France to have saved the lifeof your brother, or to have raised ~his son to the throne after his death. They made no effect in his defence. They fled from their homes and their country, seeking the aid of foreign troops to do what they themselves might have done. They hated ‘ freedom, but, fortunately, they wantedthe courage and the mind to oppose its progress. They have been severely punished ;v and they will now seek to avenge themselves by urging you on to acts hostile to the freedom of the nation. They will incessantly whisper in your ear the necessity of straining the bonds tighter. They will tell you, that your brother fell by his lem'ly, and that, therefore you ought to be severe. They will never remind you of

,J'the real causes that, produced his tragical > end; ‘namely, their pernicious advice first,

and then, their base desertion.——If your Majesty has the firmness to resist these ' advisers; to turn a deaf ear to the priests, and to adhere steadily to the social contract, which you have made with the people of France, there is no treaty that you may consent to, there is no combination

u of any sort from Without, that can prevent

. ...>‘. your the .most powerful sovereign in



the world. You will be surrounded with skilful generals, and have, beyond what history gives any account of, men whose very names will inspire a desire to live in peace'with you, and to treat you ‘with respect. The very prisoners of war, who will return to you, will form an army sufi'icient to defend France against all the world. The nation is enlightened; agriculture and all the arts flourish in your


v ' dominions': you have no Debt to. plunge

you and the country into embarrassments and confusion. Your bank pays its notes in specie. There will be no exclusive privileges to impede knowledge and im rovement. The soil, .the climate, of rance are the finest in the World, and her people the most braveand most ingenious. Monkery has been driven out of the sciences as well as out of the convents. All the ,causes of .theformer decrepitude of France

I ~-,,,are removed ready to your hand; and it

i .

_ dependswholly on the counsels which you shall adopt, whether the French people are now to enjoy the friuts of their immense sacrifices and their .unparralleled exploits of

‘,valour; or, whether they be yet destined

~'_ ‘ to renew those sacrifices and those exploits ;

fbr, as to putting them back into the state ‘in which they were before the revolution, it is as impossible as it would be to form again the image of the Lady of Loretto out of the ashes, into which it was reduced by the people of Paris.-—-The vpeople of Francerby their valiant excursions, have set Europe into a commotion which will not soon subside. Spain, Portugal, Italy, Hols land, Belgium, Switzerland, Naples, Sicily ; all ,these countries are yet in an agitated state; It will heyour Majesty’s true policy to leave them all to arrange their disputes in their own way. Let Francenow

enjoy the blessings, which they so well deserve; let other nations now struggle for their freedom, or remain in a _ state of slavery. Let those who have had in view the humiliation of France, the tearing of her to pieces, the throwing of her back for acentury; let those who hate and who envy her, now settle their disputes in their own way. Only let the people of France befree and happy, and the rest of Europe will soon follow her example.—-—I have seen with infinite satisfaction, that the republican generals appear the most prominent in the new order of things. They

to confide. An old decripid, rotten nobility, who have fled, in all parts of Europe, at the approach of the republicans of France, are not fitted for times like these. Let them ‘wear their old cordons and their ruflles; let them muster up their parchments and their armorial bearings; but trust them not with your armies. military ofiicers continue to rise by their merit. Ask no questions as to who is their father or their mother. The bravest and most skilful alone are able to give you support, and those only you ought to promote. One great cause of the wonderful success of Napoleon was, that he took all his com‘ manders from the ranks. Every soldier had a fair chance of promotion. He had not the mortification to see the son of some noble, the bastard of a mistress, or the stupid off-cast of some family of interest, put over his head. The commissions in the army were not ‘the wages of corruption‘ or of prostitution. They were. not the‘

were not amongst the compensations of political villainy; they were not given in part payment for acts destructive of all civil


it will of your renowned predecessor in

sit down quietly in peace; let her people.

are the men, in whom your Majesty ought '


perquisities of prostitutes or the valets-de- ‘ .chambre of battered rakes in power. lThey ’

and religious liberty. Say the world what '

« AnteriorContinuar »