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volutionists ? \Vliere is the justice of thissweeping charge of “ foliy". and “ base“ ness,"- preferred against those nations of the Continent, who received with opett armsv the mentwho came to change their rulers ?. \Ve call \Villiam the Third our “deli-.“17017;” and why are we to call the people of the Continentioolish and base, because they hailed Frenchmen as their deliverers? We aretold by the hirelings of the Times and other newspapers,that we can nev'er expect solid peace with France while Napoleon is on thethrone, because he is not the lawful possessor of the throne. How, then, are we to expect. a solid peace with Sweden, where the Crown Prince has no other title than that of the choice of the states any more than Napoleon has; and where the newly intro-duced prince is not only not a native of the country, but a Frenchman. It is true,‘ that Louis XVIII. is alive to dispute thel sovereignty with Buonaparté. And, is‘ not the poor king of Sweden, our, formerly august and eulogised Ally still alive also?‘ ' In short, this talk'about “ nationalindependence’f, is, if looked into, mere noise and nonsense.‘ It is a big-sounding phrase, it is a-watch-word, a cry, set up by the crafty to astound, the ignorantandinflame their prejudices. The former make the latter believe, that it was a-love of
“ national independence" that roused the 1 worthy of confidence and supportr-._.
people of Russia, Germany, and Holland, to drive out the French. We have no authentic accounts of any such rousing. The cause of what has happened, is to be looked for in the loss of the grand French
army in the frosts and snows oi-Russimiol- ‘
lowing upon ‘the heels of an eventrthat no human being could have thought possible, the burning of Moscow by the hands of Russians. To this cause, succeeded by the defection of Prussia, Austria, Bavaria, and Wirtemberg, aided, by English‘ subsidies, and by the skillol' a Frenchman commanding'the Swedish and other troops, also aided by an English subsidy; to these causes, purely physical; to numbers and to money, and not to any moral cause; not to any thing proceeding from the minds of the people of Europe,we_must look for the change in the situation of the sovereigns of the Continent. H By principles at first, and bylfarce afterwards, E rance, extended her influence and her 1,,dominion. By force alone she has beenrdriven back, Whether she be again to adyarice ‘is a question not yet quite. decided, notwithstanding Mr.. Grinning so ‘loudly proglaitns g“ the humilb.
“ alt'on of France and the rescuing of En‘ “ rope’? as being completely finished. But, there is anotherquestion in a state of much less uncertainty: namely, whether, let the war end when and how it may, We, the people of this kingdom, will not find ourselves losers by it.—-—-Mr. Canning boasts, that, duringthe twenty years that he has been in parliament, he has been an advocate for the war. That is to say,from the first hour .of the war to this day. He, then observes, that, as an avowed advocate for the war, he was chosen by his hearers to represent them. Frotnthis, in order to show -.how wise they were in choosing him, he proceeds to draw a contrast between the situation of affairs than and the situation of affairs now, and to Show how much our affairs have been im— proved by continuing the war. This was unfair. He took the wrong periods as subjects of comparisons He, who had been, and who boasted of . having been, an advocate for the war from the beginning of it lo this hour, and who asserted that theprinciples of the war.had always been the same, should have gone back to that be
,ginning, in order to fmalce the ‘contrast
exhibit a proofi of the soundness of his
‘principles and- the‘correctnessof his fore-'
sight; in order to .show, that his conduct was worthy of approbation, and himself
Instead of doing this, however, he skips over eighteen years out of Ute lwenly, and begins his contrast, in 1812, - “ when," to takehis own words, 4‘ two~thirds of the “,_ports of the Continent. were shut against “ you; when .but one link, as it were, was “ wanting to bind that Continent in a “ circling chain of iron, which should ex“ elude you from intercourse with thdother “ nations of Europe.” If there had been, in this assembly of 400 persons, but one single man, endowed with ‘ common spirit, to stop him, and to cry out to him :i ‘ Not so fast! Go back to the outset of ‘ your, ti'uenly years’_ war; name to us the ‘ port that was THEN closed against us in ‘ any partof the world, France herself not ‘ excepted, with whom we carried on a com‘ merce more advantageous to England» than‘ ‘ any sheever knew : and, before come ‘ to yourperiodnf 181-2, tell us how many "thousands of ‘bankruptcies your war pro‘. duced ;--how many hundreds of thousands‘ ‘ of people it made paupers'; how many‘ ‘_ millions it added to our annual burdens :‘ What,rumrnaging .it made amongst our' ‘ account, books. to get . our: incomes ; how‘
‘ many, and what laws, before unknown,
" or' did we not more wisely to bear up,
‘“ herself, invaded in her turn by those
‘7 whom she had over-run or menaced with
‘f'unmindful of the permanent safety and
‘f greatness of this country, that we did “ not leave unsolved the momentous “ questions whether this country could
‘9 maintain itself unaided and alane; or “ with the continent divided, or with the “ continent combined against it ; whether, “ when the wrath of the tyrant of the Eu“ ropean world was kindled against us with “ seven-fold fury, we could or could not “ wall: unarmed and unfettered through “the flames.-—-—These questions, Cen“ tlemen, therefore have been solved by “ our perseverance under difficulties and “ discouragements which, when related in “ history, will appal our posterity more
“ than the actual sulTering of them has,
“ appalled ourselves."
So then, wholly and exclusively of military/glory, military reputation .' And there we stop. This sort of language might have had some sense in it, if addressed to the army,- if addressedto mililtuy men; if addressed to those who have no other object than that ol' the credit and profit of the fighting trade in view. But with what sense could it be addressed to an assembly of merchants, and dealers, and handicrafts men, who could have not the smallest pre~ tensions,‘ personally, to any share of this sort of gain ."---—But, to this acquisition‘ is, it seems, to be added, a knowledge,‘ or, at least, a confidence which we have acquired by the war, that we are able to
defend our country; that we have, within
ourselves, the means and the'courage, to ensure us against being conquered by foreign nations.~——Was this, then, doubled before‘ the war? Was it ever, Before the war‘, a question with us, wile/her England was able to defend herself against France? The gentleman says, that that question is now decided. As if the question was ever‘
entertained before this unhappy war began."
--—-.Now, says be, our soldters have ‘a re‘-' putation equal to our sailors. And when had they it not ? When were we disposed to yield, in this respebt, to the French, or any other nation ? It is notorious, that,‘ before this war began, it was an opinion grown into a vulgar maxim, that one Eng; lish oldie'r was equal to 'l/Ll'tt French soldlel‘Ss I grant, that the opinion was .erro-‘ news, and the maxim that of the vulgar,‘ imposed upon by cralty-vmen. But, his undeniable, thatthe opinion was generally entertained, that the maxim was on every
one’s lips; and, it is equally undeniable,’
that, by the events of this warpby our
numerous retreats before French armies; by‘
the occurrences at the Holder, 'ttt Dunkirk, at Cocunna, and in divers other quarters, this flattering opinion of our superior prowess, this maxim so well calculated to excite a feeling of contempt towards our
enemy, have been entirely put out ol'vogue'; and, according to Mr. Canning, they have been replaced by an opinion, founded on proof, that our soldiers are as good as those of F rance: and, that we need not l'eartheir power to invade and conquer our country. A mighty gain indeed !_ A very great objecl to be obtained by twenty years 'of war .’ >-—-'l‘he drift of Mr. Canning, in this part of his speech, is. however, in great part, to give Lord Wellington the merit of having elfected this glorious change, so at]vantageous to'our reputation, and so powerful in its ell‘ects as to our future security; for, in another paragraph of the speech, he says, that, alter the peace, the meanest Englishman, walking the streets of Paris, will be pointed out as a member of that nation which has humbled France ; will be pointed out as the “compatriot of Wellington." Now, in the first place, Franee is not yet humbled. It is not yet, and, of course, it was not, three weeks ago, time to sell the Lion's. skin. And, in the next place, if France be finally humbled, will it have been by England .9 Vv'ill no other nation have had a hand in the work? llshe be humbled, will it not have been by the joint efforts of all the other nations of Europe? And, suppose that an Englishman‘ were to be looked upon to the light that Mr. Canning says he would. is it any
thing new to the world for Englishmen to ,
be thought highly of as soldiers? just as if Englishmen were nothing in the field before this war,‘ as if Englishmen nhver set a hostile foot in France till led by this Lord Wellington! As if we ought to forget all about the battles of Poictiors, Cressy, Agincourt, and many others. Lord Wellington hastbarely entered France; he is not out of it yet: his campaigns have yet, by their resull, to show whether it be likely that Frenchmen will, with fear and trembling, look at his compatriots. But, taking his loans, as they now are, what has he done? Why, with two nations of 13 millions of people on‘ his side, and with an army that has cost us about 20 millions a year, hehas," at the end of [but want, so’ far got the better-of a mere detachment of the forces of France, as to-just lte his nose into the French territory; nd this is to cover/us with glory, is it? This is an acquisi— tion of military glory to England, with a 20 years’ war, and 600 millions of debt, besides six hundred millions more of taxes ? Why, Mr. Canning, did we wantall this war and expenditure to» prove that Englishmen we're capable, under lmch on
cumstances, to poke their noses into France, when history told the world before, that Englishmen had conquered all France‘; that they actually held possession of a considerable part of France for- centuries; that so late as the reign of Queen Mary, Calais was an English town; that so lateas only 140 years ago Dunkirk was an English town. And, did we, after the battles of Marlborough and “folk; did we, indeed, want the war; this long, expensive, and bloody war, to establish the fact, that Englishmen were able to meet Frenchmen in the field. But, Mr. Canning; you talk of the honour and glory that we have gained. You have overlooked a little item of this sort which we have 1031., Amongst the titles of our king, before this war, was that of KING OF FRANCE. He was, before this war, “ King ol Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Xtc, Sec." France is now expuuged from his title; a title won by Englishmen lighting iu‘Frauce. It had‘ nothing real in it. Our king was not, in fact, king of France. No; nor was, nor is he, Defender of llte Faith of the Romish' Communion,“ Henry VH1. was styled by the Pope. But, the former, like the latter, made part of his honorary appellations. He was not in reality King oh France-in 1801, when thatpart of histitletwas given up; but, he was in 1,801, and he is now, as much King of F rance, as he was before your ‘20 years’ war; and, why has the title been yielded up since the, war ? I ‘ask you WHY? I have'heard it said, that the king gave it up, because it was become a disgrace to be Icing of sue/tea people .’ Upon this principle, if they shouldreturn to allegiance to the Bourbons, the title may be revived.———No, no, Mr. Canning, that day is gone by. Than title will-never be resumed. When llwas a child my fatther had to explain to me why our king was called King of France; and, in so doing, he had to, relate to me the victorious wars of our English ancestors. Youv and l, Sir, are saved that trouble. All the old guir neas are gone (another happy effect of your war); the old crowns, ‘half crowns, and shillings have followed the same course; our copper coin is new ; so that the great, wide-spreading, ever-present record ol-the gallant achievements of our forefathers are all vanished. Your children and mine have nothing to tempt them totask usiany questions upon that which is now, in spite of all your boasting, a very. painful subject.v -—I could here, entering. upon matter better suited toyout'. audience, show how
France of men,'of money, and of all its resources, he would have been able, and that ina few months only, to collect and equip an army more formidable in. point of numbers than all the armies of Europe put together? It is impossible to entertain such an idea, and at the same time to give credit to the tales with which the peopleof this country are every day fed, byv a hired and prostituted press.-¢——l never entertained, nor expressed a doubt, as to Buonaparté being again ' ableato meet
his enemies in-the field, because I never ‘
believed that France was exhausted, nor
estimated much below a million of soldiers. The Morning Chronicle published a letter the. other day received from Paris, as genuine, in which the army of Napoleon is said to amount to 600,000 men, and in which a variety of other circumstances are
stated, all tending to shew that his cause is '
any thing but desperate. The publication
of this letter has put the Courier man into'a ~
terrible rage; it has lacerated hisfine feelings
so much, that nothing will satisfy him but ’
the proscription of all who dare even to re
ceive letters from an enemy’s country.——But ‘
that my readers may judge for themselves as to the facts of the case, I shall here give the letter as it appeared in the Morning
Chronicle, and then subjoin to it the re— -
marks of thev Courier:
“ Paris, jan- 25.—-I have just now returned from seeing the Emperor depart, and all classes express their good wishes to him with a vehemence which baflies all description. The Empress is appointed
Regent, and has undertaken her duties with ‘
Your EnglishEditors conjecture that Napoleon has lost. ,
the solemnity of an oath.
all his time in inactivity, but in this they are grievously mistaken, and in their opi
nions of the weakness and ineificiency ofhis armies.--Precisely the contrary is the
fact, and the greatest care has been taken to keep secret the situation and extent of his forces. Europe will be astonished that France, under her apparent supineuess, should have profited by every expedient to augment her vstrength, so as to have raised
an army of 600,000-men, perfectly equip-e‘
ped, -and ready to take the field. The cavalry" is the weakest, and yet it is 25,000 lin number, disciplined under Generals
Pagol and Bordesalt, to whom the Emperor
has ‘condescended to give his thanks, and has otherwise rewarded them for their great exertions.
We can assure our readers
' The artillery is perfect-v ly restored, and is in the highest condition"