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ED. G. U. E.
TO THE PUBLIC.
Fiat Justitia Ruat Cælum.
members of the Colony have constituted Lewis We had intended further to notice the state of their Agent to issue and sell certificates of stock things at the Wilberforce Settlement, in this num.
for an Academy. So far as he acts in this capaber of the Genius of Universal Emancipation. But city, he is certainly duly authorised: but he is not we find a statement in the “Niagara Courier,” of the Agent of the Wilberforce Colony-and as an Lockport, N. Y., which will be sufficient to ac
act of justice to worthy colored people, who are quaint the public therewith; and though we might whither the persecuted of their race may bend
cndeavoring to form a settlement in Canada, enter much more into a detail of facts and circum- their steps, we request such papers as may have stances, we forbear at present. Arthur Tappan, of New York, asserts, that Israel Lewis has ob given Lewis's statement a place in their columns, tained upwards of fifteen hundred dollars, at dif.
to give this positive contradiction an insertion also.
If Lewis confines himself to the collection of funds ferent times, in that city, for the Colony, of which he has paid over to the treasurer short of one hun-lable with a fraud—but he has no other authority
to erect an Academy, he is certainly not charge. dred dollars, and refuses to account for more!
to pass himself off as an agent of the Colony, than
the vouchers which he improperly and illegally
new agent. The public should note the distinc-
Mexico. A late Tampico paper, received at sibly for the use of that interesting scitlement.
New Orleans, contains the annunciation of the In view of the facts above alluded to, we deemed retirement of Gen. Santa Anna, who sat out the it our duty to make inquiries respecting the whole 21st of January from Victoria, (the city of the subject, and we give below the result-premising confederation, for his estate, Manga Clave; that the statement rests on the authority of Aus“ having published a despatch the day before, in tin Steward, a colored man of the first respectabili
. (and submission to the constitutional laws, he pro
which, after strenuously recommending obedience ty, well known in Rochester, where he resided a number of years, as a man of integrity and pro- sword for the plough, provided liberty marched
mulgated his determination to exchange the perty. He is President of the dis at rid of Managers firmly on in her course." This is the true course; of the Wilberforce Colony--and was Lewis was appointed agent.
and if Santa Anna'adheres to it, he deserves well It seems, from the information which we have of his country and of posterity. obtained, that Lewis's management and neglect
Pennsylvania Inquirer. to account in detail for many collections, and his refusal to pay over money contributed for the use Terms of Subscription of the Colony, created much dissatisfaction, and would have caused his removal from the Agency the year previous to the time it actually took place, GENIUS OF UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION. but for the interposition of Mr. Steward. Lewis
VOL. XIII. then pledged himself to reform and to account honorably for all money received by him—and This work will henceforth be issued monthly, accordingly the disaffected members of the Co- in the City or WASHINGTON. It will be neatly lony agreed to overlook the errors which they | printed on fine paper, and folded in the octavo supposed him to have committed. He received torm, each number making sixteen large pages. new vouchers, and again went on a mission. The A title page and index will accompany each result was the same. He did not account for the volume. money he received, and the Colony came to the
The price of subscription will be ONE DOLLAR determination to dismiss him. He was dismissed, il per annum, always to be paid in advance. and the Rev. JAMES SHARPE, a man of sterling integrity and economical habits, appointed in his time they wish to receive the work, or notify the
Subscribers who do not particularly specify the place. But Lewis refused to surrender the vouch. editor (through the medium of a post-master, or ers which had been given him on his promise of || in some other way,) of a desire to discontinue it reformation and with these, we suppose, he is before the expiration of the current year, will be practising his deceptions upon the benevolent. But we state it as a fact, for the benefit of the considered as engaged for the next succeeding one, public, and to guard against their being cheated, and their bills will be forwarded accordingly. that Israel Lewis is not now, and has not for a Any person remitting Five Dollars to the Editor, long time past, been an agent, in any shape, for in current money of the United States, will be enthe Wilberforce Colony of Upper Canada and titled to Six Copies, for one year. request editors generally to make known this All letters, communications, papers, &c. intendfact, that the public may not be imposed upon. ed for this office, must be addressed, as usual, to
In making this statement, justice requires we BENJAMIN LUNDY, Washington, D.C. and should state another fact, which is, that a few V forwarded free of expense.
EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY BENJAMIN LUNDY, WASHINGTON, D. C. AT $1.00 PER ANNUM, IN ADVANCE.
"We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal, and endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.—Declaration of Independence, U. S.
No. 6. Vol. III. THIRD SERIES.] APRIL, 1833. (WHOLE NUMBER 282. Vol. XIII.
IT The editor of the Genius of Universal Eman a large tract of land in Florida, for the purpose of cipation is again from home. He expects to be cultivating the sugar-cane. Instead of employing absent but a short time,-perhaps four or five slaves, as is usual for such labor, he has made an months. Competent persons have been engaged arrangement with several hundred German emi. to conduct the work; and arrangements have been grants, who go on to Mr. Wirt's estate under the made which, it is hoped, will ensure its regular charge of Lieut. Goldsborough. This may be conpublication, until his return. Matters of public sidered a good beginning, and may in time be importance, alone, could induce him to leave his the means of substituting free white labor where post, at this interesting period; and he hopes to be slaves only have hitherto been employed.” able to satisfy his friends and patrons on that
An experiment of this kind, will be vastly imHe will still write for the work, occasion portant to our country. But far more important ally:--but it will be, mainly, under the charge of still, would be an arrangement to cultivate the a few friends, who have given proofs of their ca cane, in that Territory, by free colored men. An pability to manage it well, and their devotedness attempt of this nature would, we have not a shato the important cause which it advocates. dow of doubt, be worth more than all the foreign
schemes and systems of operations yet devised.
William Wirt has it now in his power to immor. THE REV. GEN. DUFF GREEN.
talize himself (as did Sir Joshua Steele) by a reThis religio political and military “fanatic." continues to pour forth the “vials” of his wrath well as whites. Will he not thus improve the op
gulation for the employment of colored men, as and vituperation against the advocates of Univer. sal Emancipation. During the discussion of the that has ever yet been witnessed in our southern
portunity to set one of the most noble examples “Missouri Question,” he signalized himself in the same way. The writer of this knows something of cultivating the cane in our southern States by
country, that of proving the safety and advantage of the guant wolf, who has, at various periods, ar.
the labor of white and free colored men ? rayed himself in the Lamb's and Lion's skins;and when leisure will permit, he shall be handled “ without mittens.” As respects the system of
PROCEEDINGS IN ENGLAND. slavery, whoever may be its abettors, we adopt
We watch, with intense anxiety, the proceedthe Roman maxim—“ Delenda est Carthago.”
ings of the British Parliament, relative to the abo. lition of slavery in the West Indies. It is evident,
that the great event is nearly unfolded. A little By the latest accounts from this interesting
postponement may be expected, to enable the go! country, we learn that Santa Anna has been cho vernment, as well as the planters, to be fully presen President. He was the intimate friend of Guer- pared for it. Nothing very important has been Neither have been considered as
done in the matter, that we have yet heard of, men” by their opponents . Their blood possessed || interviews have taken place between the Minis
since the publication of our last number. Several a tinge of the native Mexican, of which they might well be proud;—and the haughty Dons, in the try and the “West India body,” (the latter are hey-day of their power, looked upon them as their
the agents of the slave holders,) which resulted in inferiors. The times have changed;
the decided expression of a determination, on the and
power is now in the hands of those who were once de part of the government, to adopt speedy and effecspised. If they use it properly, (which it is hoped ble institution, and for the establishment of equa
tive measures for the total extinction of the horri. they will,) a wonderful revolution in American politics is at hand. All is now quiet there. Liberal lity among the people of the colonies, without dis
tinction of color. principles prevail; and the elements of political commotion are hushed. We shall, ere long, re
Among the extracts from London periodicals, sume our notices of the regulations relative to
touching this important subject, we find the fol. Mexican Colonization, &c.
lowing in the newspapers of this country.-
From the Morning Herald.
It is generally current in the city, that the CULTURE OF SUGAR-CAYE DY FREE LABOR. West India deputation, at the recent intcrview The Long Island Inquirer states, on the autho- with Lord Goderich, did not have any actual mea.
sure placed before them, but were required to fur. rity of a correspondent, “ that Mr. Wirt, late Attor
nish their opinions upon certain subjects reiative ney General of the United States, has purchased to the slaves, which they have since sent in The
Fiat Justitia Ruat Cælum. intended plan of ministers is, however, rumored ful it might be for him to resist the requests, both to be-1si. The immediate abolition of slavery in public and private, which had been made to postthe colonics. 2nd. The compensation to the slave pone the question, he felt compelled to proceed at owner, at a fixed rate per head, for every slave. once with the motion, unless government fixed a 3d. The raising of a loan for such compensation, day on which they would be prepared to explain to be paid off in thirty years. 4th. The manumit- their plans with respect to colonial slavery: ted slave to be compelled by the magistrates to Lord Althorp said it was impossible for him to work five days out of the seven, except when in comply with one of the conditions mentioned by crop time, when they would work for six days. the hon. member; but with respect to the other 5th. Two days' amount of wages to be paid into that government should fix a day on which they the compensation fund, it being considered the would bring forward their question—he certainly remaining three or four days, as the case may be, had no objection to state that government would as to in crop or not, would be sufficient for the be prepared on Tuesday, the 23d of April, to state support of the slave. It is said the West India the views they took on the subject. Of course he body are anxious to learn the extent of the com- could not at the present time state what the plans pensation, upon which their approval will mainly were which his majesty's government had in conrest. We give the above without vouching for its templation. correctness, merely stating it has been mentioned Mr. F. Buxton said, that in reference to the in respectable circles.
words “entire and immediate extinction of slave. Thursday, March 7.-In the Lords, last night, |ry,” as used by him, he perhaps had expressed Lord Sulħeld presented some petitions for the abo- | himself rather unguardedly, because one of the lition of negro slavery, observing that he should great objects he had in view was the safe and sa. present others in a few days, and that the aboli tisfactory settlement of the question. With the tion was irresistable.
promises given by the noble Lord he was perfect. Mr. F. Buxton corrected an erroneous impres. | ly content, and should therefore withdraw his mosion of what had resulted from remarks of the tion. Marquis of Chandos, on a previous night. Mr. Baxton said he had not withdrawn his notice re. specting the abolition of negro slavery. The ori.
SENTIMENTS OF THE COLORED PEOPLE. ginal notice was conditional, to depend on the It is understood that William Lloyd Garrison, proceedings of ministers. If they proposed no editor of the “Liberator,” has been appointed by measure, he should not abandon his motion. He declared that no measure would be effective that the New England Anti-Slavery Society, to prodid not propose entire and immediate abolition of ceed to Europe, with the view of soliciting pecu. negro slavery. He observed that it was rumored | niary aid in establishing a Manual Labour School there was an end of the negotiations between the for Coloured Youth, in this country. He will also ministers and the West India body; he trusted such was not the fact—he had some reason for endeavour to give correct information to our believing it was not ; at the same time he implor-friends in England, respecting the various plans ed that body not to lose this opportunity of settling of operation among the advocates of emancipa. the question, feeling persuaded that servile war || tion here. At a large and very respectable meetmust result from delay. The following is the last notice of the subject || ing of colored people in Philadelphia
, on the 1st that we have received from the English papers.
inst. sundry resolutions were passed, expressive It is extracted from the proceedings of the House of the sense of those present, in relation to these of Lords, of the 19th ultimo.
objects, and also of the highly important move. On Mr. F. Buxton being called upon by the ments of the English philanthropists and statesspeaker,
men, at the present period. Our limits are too Lord Althorp said he had to request his honora-contracted to insert the whole of the interesting ble friend not to bring forward the motion of proceedings of this meeting: but, to give our read. which he had given notice, respecting colonia! slavery, at the present moment. As ministers ers an idea of the general intelligence, the literary had intimated their intention of preparing some acquirement, the noble sentiments, and exalted measure on this subject, he thought that the Hon. views, that mingled with those proceedings, we member could not do any thing more advantage copy the following speech, delivered by one of the ous to the question itself than postpone his motion, until he heard what were the plans his rna
members. If we make a little allowance for the jesty's ministers had in contemplation.
high strain of eulogy, as applied to some of the Mr. F. Buxton said that no gentleman was actors on the stage of philanthropy, it may safely more conscious than himself
, that it would be far | be said that its eloquent display of learning, talent, better that this great question should be taken up and patriotism, would have done honour to the by the government than by any individual member of that house, and he was ready on the pre- most distinguished orator in the best days of sent moment to postpone his. motion upon two || Rome. Such are the people who are degraded by conditions, -Ist, that ministers would be prepar. || the tyranny of our laws! such are they, by nature ed with a plan for the entire and immediate extinction of slavery; and 2d, that they would name
and education, whose cause we advocate. the day that they would introduce the plan to the MR. PRESIDENT,---If there was ever a time, or house. It was indispensable that the question an occasion, when the highest, noblest and best should be settled in the present session, and by feelings of the human heart should be called into that house, or it would be settled in another place | full life and vigor, it is at this time—it is on this in a far more disastrous way. Therefore, how- occasion. We come, Mr. President, to join in one ever obstinate he might appear, and however pain. Il sentiment, to pour forth in one common strain, the
Fiat Justitia Ruat Cælum.
feelings and gratitude of our people. We are || and we behold a picture indeed cheering. See about to perform an act which opens one of the the benevolence and the philanthropy, that have brightest epochs in the history of our character. been there awakened. See, Sir, the mighty sucWe are about to present to the noble, fearless and cess that has followed the efforts of those whose unwearied combatants against tyranny and op- || sympathies are enlisted in our behalf. See, Sir, pression, the pure and unmixed tribute of grati-that firmament-I me a moral, civil and politi. tude, from the altar of our hearts, and may I not cal firmament—which, but as yesterday, present. say in the prayers and blessings of our people, ed the terrific and awful aspect of despair and de. upon the heads of a Clarkson, a Wilberforce, a solation-upon which there could not be descried Stuart, a Cropper, a Buxton, a Brougham, a one star of light, to cheer, to guide, or console theThompson, a Lushington, and others eminent for heart of the man of colour—now exhibiting ? their good works, not forgetting, (though I men. | thousand, all verging to one point, and which tion bim last, I do not mean him least,) an O'Con- will, at no distant period, form one bright and nell. On what page, Mr. President, in the history glorious Sun of Righteousness and Truth, whose of nations, can be found men more illustrious? | beams will illumine the minds of our people, and Was there ever more virtue or honour embodied create within them a spirit and a desire which in more noble, more generous, more undaunted | will be the sure and successful adversary of tyran. men? The eloquence of a Demosthenes, or a Ciny and its evil attendants. Are we not embolden. cero, never can produce that harmony and sweet. || ed, Mr. President, from the present blessed reality ness, which delights and gratifies the soul, like of things, to tear the veil from futurity, and behold the eloquence of those who plead the cause of with rapturous delight that ascension, which, suffering humanity. The exploits of an Alexander, || although we may not be permitted to enjoy it,a Cæsar, or a Napoleon, are trivial, when brought although our vision may not behold that glorious to bear against the achievements of the living and blessed sight-although our bodies may then philanthropists of the day. So fearless are they, be mingled with the clod from which we sprang,– Sir, in the prosecution of their work of benevolence and our souls, I hope, enjoying the sweet and ever. and humanity, and so hallowed are the purposes lasting light of Heaven-yet, Sir, assuredly, most of their hearts, that the threats of a Nero cannot assuredly, those who come after us, and of us, intimidate them; the riches of a Cræsus cannot shall have the full enjoyment. affect the honour and integrity of such men; their deeds and their names are but one, for neither
WHOLESALE FREE PRODUCE STORE. can recur to the mind without associating the other;—every act of their lives proves their virtue We are gratified to learn that Joseph H. Beale,
and philanthropy;-in fine, Sir, they are destined a Merchant, in New York, has opened a WHOLEs to receive the admiration of the world, so long as there are votaries to religion and virtue; for says we have had some acquaintance with him, and
SALE Store, for the Productions of Free Labor.
cheerfully recommend him to the patronage of "They never fail, who die in a great cause, The block may soak their gore;
our friends. He has long been engaged in foreign Their heads may sodden in the sun;
trade, upon an extensive scale, and has influential Their limbs he strung tocity gates, and castle walls; connexions abroad. He has recently imported a But still their spirit walks abroad!'
quantity of RICE, from the East Indies, some of But, Mr. President, shall we say nothing of those in our own country! Have we, Sir, no spot- which is for sale at the Retail Stores of Charles less flag of philanthropy, floating in the pure air Collins, New York, and Zebulon Thomas, Phila. of Heaven? Have we no Stars shining thereon, delphia. He will deal, solely, in articles, the pro
as brilliant as those across the mighty Atlantic ? || duction of free labor, (both Groceries and Dry * Can we register no names, as being synonymous | Goods,) as above mentioned; and full confidence
with virtue and philanthropy? We can, Sir. Ours is the joy and the satisfaction to knoxv, and to say, may be placed in his intelligence, integrity, and that there is amongst us a veteran, a pioneer in attention to the business in which he is engaged. the glorious cause of Abolition. We have, Sir, | His establishment is located at No. 71, Fulton St. the Clarkson of America—we have a Lundy. We have the fire and zeal of an O'Connell, in our
New York. worthy and beloved Garrison. We have the cool, de.
OF Attention is asked to the notice for a Meet. liberative, logical powers of a Wilberforce, as represented in a Buffum. And the aptness, wit anding of a Convention, on our last page. Some of sarcasm of a Snelling, bear no bad re.
the newspapers have misrepresented its objects. semblance to the bitter distillations of a Thomp- | It does not advocate the colonization of the color. son. But, where, Sir, can be found an American
Stuart ? In whom may be found those virtues ed people, as a body, any where. qwhich live within and nourish the soul of that philanthropist? Why, Sir, the same virtuous
For the Genius of Universal Emancipation. light, the same holy spirit glows within and ani.
AN OLD TAR'S TESTIMONY. mates a man, who, like Stuart, (in regard to his An old sailor, who is now one of our city piety,) possesses the faith of an Abraham, the watchmen, and who has travelled in many differ. meekness of a Moses, the patience of a Job, and ent countries, told the writer of this, that he found the zeal of a Paul. He is no other than Simeon more true hospitality among the native inhabit. S. Jocelyn. We have others, who, like the rest, ants of Africa than he did in England, and some must forever be embedded in the warm affections other civilized nations. of the heart of every man of colour, who is alive On one occasion, when he was cast helpless to his inter ust, a friend to his cause, and true to land pennyless on the coast of Africa, an old Hot. hiinself
. Turn our attention to New England, I tentot woinan took him to her hut, fed hini, and
Fiat Justitia Ruat
Celum. as long as he remained sick and unable to help i which was about fifteen miles off, and nearly the himself, took as good care of him as she could. | same distance above the mouth of the Sandy. At When he was about to leave her hospitable roof, the dawn of day they sought a refuge by wading he informed her, partly by signs, and partly by into a marsh and concealing themselves during the help of an interpreter, who knew a few words the day in the tall grass. The next ght they of English, that he was much obliged to her for recommenced their flight, and reached the Ohio ke her kindness, but that he had nothing to give her. | about midnight: the moon rising enabled them
ke She replied that she did not want any thing from to find a canoe, in which the little band of adven. ha him. She supposed if her boy should ever be cast turers embarked, and soon found themselves in on the white man's shore, he would receive the the wilderness on the opposite side of the river. same kind of treatment!
He purposely let the canoe float down the water, Philadelphia; April, 1833.
thinking it would be less liable to lead to detec
tion, than if fastened to the shore. Their pursu. For the Genius of Universal Emancipation. ers, apprehending they had taken the direction of
the Sandy, followed its course downwards to its (Concluded.)
mouth; where, being unable to make any discoveThe next year was attended with another catas- |ry, they were about to separate into different comtrophe, not less afflicting than any that have been panies to renew the pursuit. At this juncture told; the eldest boy that remained, had generally they accidentally discovered the canoe floating been detained from any intercourse with his con- down the river; upon intercepting it they disconexions since his brother was carried off; he now vered that it belonged to the crossing place above; disappeared. Nothing was ascertained by the pa- this circumstance at once disclosed suspicions fa. rents, concerning his departure; they had not heard vorable to a direct pursuit. They accordingly set of any traders being in the neighborhood, or of any forward in that direction, crossed the river, and intercourse being had with any other distant set- discovered by unequivocal signs that they were tlement; and whether he had been clandestinely in the footsteps of the unhappy deserters. disposed of; whether lostoin the woods and perish Night came again to protract the scene of sus. ed, or whether he had eloped under the forlorn pense, and afford to the fugitives some brighter hope of an escape, is equally uncertain, as no sub- gleamings of hope than they had hitherto realized
, sequent tidings ever come to relieve their distress. The difficulties of the way, and the toil they had ing anxiety.
to endure the two previous nights, made rest in. That portion of earthly happiness which is al dispensable; and they accordingly lay by till the lowed to human nature, falls far short of mitigat- morning should renew their exertions. But their ing all the evils that result from “man's inhuma-bright morning prospects were soon overcast by nity to man;" it is not sufficient to wipe away the the events of the day;—they had not travelled far. tvar of sorrow, or to gladden the bosom of distress; | before their pursuers came in sight:-all was now and I have ardently hoped, that there might be lost; they were bound hand to hand, and again, some secret sources of temporal bliss, that I knew compelled to turn their faces towards the land of nothing of,—some embalming cup of consolation, captivity: kept in store by a good Providence, and specially At their return they found the western traders dispensed to the afflicted heart.
at the mouth of the Sandy. There a compromise After the last mentioned family incident, we was soon made, between them and Maria's mas. find the two parents circumstanced nearly as they ter: she was put on one of their boats, and her lithad been previous to that event, if we except the tle daughter was forcibly torn from her arms. little mitigation, afforded by the softening hand of Hitherto in all her afflictions, she had retained a time, or the familiarizing power of habit one day degree of fortitude, and bore her misfortunes with a party of traders came to the house of Maria's resignation; but now, she condescended to entreat
, master, where were several of the neighboring in- she expostulated with extended hands; it was i habitants collected; and, as is usual in such meet- vain!—the outpourings of conjugal and matern!! ings, their national dances were struck up, attend feeling were unheeded !-the beseechings of naed with songs and other revellings. Maria enter- | ture were unheard !--the vessel receded down, tained suspicions that her master intended to sell the water, and Richard bade an earthly farewell her to the strangers: the fear of being entirely se to the wife of his bosom.d I have sought for some parated from her remaining connexions, resulted place of repose for my reader! I have endeavorin the determination for making an escape. With led to imagine some sunny spot of happiness that her child in her arms, and under the covert of a he might review with pleasure. Romance has joy dark stormy evening, she once more took her and wo to diversify her page, and to relieve the fight
, and directed her way to her husband's cot. / anticipations of her votary ;-the tragic muse has Her arrival, and the motive of her coming, ren. seasons for the well-timing of some favored event, dered the situation of both trying in the extreme; to variegate her darkest scenes
. But in reference her former elopement mighť have been palliated to the picture before us, those bright presentations as the effusion of maternal affection towards her are too distant for the powers of vision, and the dying offspring; but now, no pretext could be sa earnest of their certainty can only be verified in tisfactorily given, and no favors expected. The the constancy of hope, and the comforts of a good critical decision was therefore to be made, whether conscience. to retract and submit to the tyrant's displeasure, The painful emergencies of life enlist our affecor for both to risk all in the desperate hazard of tions in some proportion to the capacity the sufan escape :-this was resolved on. A small set- ferer has to endure, or to the power which enatlement of whites on the Sciota river, in the Ohio bles him to overcome;—thus when we recognized territory, was pitched upon as the place of retreat. man as the subject of those evils, we estimate
They set forward with their two remaining chil him as endowed with a firmness and bordil.ood of dren, a piece of venison, and a little dried corn, make: with a kind of half sullen digimty of mind and directed their course through an unpeopled which implies some indifference to the assaults or country to the nearest point of the Ohio river, fortune, and blunts the acuteness of sympathetic
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