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Fiat Justitia Ruat Cælum.
w What, are
ideal happiness, when forced asunder by the load of guilt. “Touch not, taste not, handle
strength, and nurse his wrath ;”? we “profess be rejected, that ought not to discourage us ; we
inconsistency!” We “condemn him for his country that calls for a voice of the people, and acts of cruelty, yet willingly partake with him we, participating in the calamity that slavery of his prey;" we“ even assist him in con has produced, feel the evil ourselves, and can structing his den, and in defending him from the we silently see the situation of our brethren ?attacks of the creatures he has destined to be Can we silently behold the heart rending pangs his victims. With these facts before” our "eyes, when the infant is torn from the arins of the how can we remain ignorant of the awful rela- || mother? Can we silently view the anguish of tion in which” we “stand with this fell des- the parents when their children are separated troyer? Can” we persurde ourselves of our from them forever? Can we silently see our “innocence ?
even excuse” our white brethren placed in jeopardy? Their suf" conduct? You will surely answer, No.” ferings are sufficient already; our object is to
This, l12 wever, is precisely the relation we soothe, and not irritate, but we cannot remain occupy in regard to the slave holders of the inactive; when we reflect on the subject we south; we see them with the slaves in their pos are invigorated and nerved anew; we ask your session; we know their objectin keeping them in | aid; we would move in a body; our banner is slavery; we know it is to produce articles of traf: peace; we have the shield of an approving confic, which articles we purchase,and in return fur- | science and implore the favour of Heaven, and nish them with commodities which nourish their | the protection of the laws of our nation that physical strength, by which they retain their ber citizens may be preserved from the desolatvictims. We likewise assist them by our politi- ing effects of slavery. Were we the actual cal connexion to hold their slaves in security. I sufferers, what opinion should we form of the Thus situated, are we not participants with the silence of others? We desire you to canvass slave holders in their system of oppression and the subject before you engage in it, that none if participants in their acts, are we not in their may have occasion to look back after they have guilt also ? Their guilt of what ! Guilty of taken hold of the plough. We shall conclude violating the fundamental law of God! a direct with recommending that, as presenting petitions insult of the majesty of Heaven, by debasing appears one of the most effectual methods of rehis creatures, by violating the order, and de- || moving this national sin, a petition be forranging the ha houy of His divine govern- | warded to Congress, questing the immediate ment. Oh then, we entreat you, incur not this emancipation of our brethreo.
Fiat Justitia Ruat Cælum.
From the Liberator.
* The great length of two or three arti- I believe that country to be Mexico.cles, laid off for insertion this month, which There is an independent nation, where had been long on hands, again excludes several indeed all men are born free and equal,' others heretofore promised. In our next num- | possessing those inalienable rights which ber we hope to give our usual variety.
our constitution guarantees. The cli.
adapted to our nature; the soil is rich and
fertile, which will contribute to MR. EDITOR,—I am happy to learn wealth; and there we may become a peo. that the sentiments of some of my Tren-ple of worth and respectability; whereas ton brethren are in accordance with myll in this country we are kept poor, and of own, in regard to our locating in Mexico course cannot aspire to any thing more and Upper Canada; for, in my humble than what we always have been. I have opinion, one thing is needful for us as a been waiting to hear of some way being people, even emigration; but not to Af-pointed out, that will tend to better the rica; nor to place ourselves as a distinct present generation; but, as yet, have people any where; but to attach our heard of nothing that appears to be perselves to a nation already established.- | manent. I would not wish to be thought The government of these United States pleading the cause of colonization, for is not the only one in this hemisphere no one detests it more than I do. I that offers equal rights to men; but there would not be taken to Africa, were the are others, under whose protection we society to make me queen of the counmay safely reside, where it is no disgrace try; and were I to move to Canada, I to wear a sable complexion, and where would not settle in the colony, bot take our rights will not be continually tram- up my abode in some of the cities where pled upon on that account. We profess | a distinction is not known; for I do not to be republicans, and such I hope we approve of our drawing off into a sepaare; but wherein do we show our repub-rate body any where. But I confess, I lican spirit, by sitting still and sighing can see no just reason why we should for that liberty our white brethren tell us not cultivate the spirit of enterprise as we never shall obtain; or in hoping that well as the whites. They are found in in some fifty or a hundred years hence, every quarter of the globe, in search of our children's children will be made | situations to better their condition; and free? I think we do not evince republi- || why may we not 'go and do likewise.' canism by this conduct, but verily be I am informed that the population of lieve that the time has arrived, when we Mexico is eight millions of colored, and too ought to manifest that spirit of inde. one million of whites; and by the rapid pendence which shines so conspicuously growth of amalgamation amongst them, in the character of the Europeans, by there is every probability that it will ere leaving the land of oppression, and emi-long become one entire colored nation. grating where we may be received and I am of opinion that Mexico would aftreated as brothers; where our worth will ford us a large field for speculation, were be felt and acknowledged; and where we we to remove thither; and who can say may acquire education, wealth, and re that the day will not soon arrive, when spectability, together with a knowledge the flag of our colored American merof the arts and sciences; all of which chants' ships from the Mexican ports shall may be in our power—of the enjoyment be seen proudly waving in the breeze of of which, the government of the sepa- | the American harbors? And shall not rate states in the union is adopting means our sons feel proud to enlist under the to deprive us.
Mexican banner, and support her govern. The author of this article is aware, ment? Surely they will. that the subject is not popular, and per There is one objection, however, that haps will not be kindly received; but it is may arise in the minds of some; that is, one that I hope will be deeply pondered the religion of that nation being Papist; in the mind of every colored citizen of but we can take with us the Holy Bible, this country, before he passes sentence which is able to make us wise unto salagainst it.
vation; and perhaps we may be made the Some of your readers may inquire, || honored instruments in the hands of an where is that country to which we may | all-wise God, in establishing the holy reremove, and thus become free and equal? | ligion of the Protestant Church in that
Fiat Justitia Ruat Cælum.
From the Friend.
CÆSAR AND CLARA.
country; and that alone might be a suffi. At the sight of Mr. Edwards, the over-
A COLORED FEMALE OF PHILADELPHIA. and assumed an air of obsequious civility.
The poor woman retired to the farther
weep. Cæsar never moved. “Nothing THE SHELTER.
is the matter, Sir,' said Durant, 'but that When parents, fond and kind, depart, And fortune lowers upon the child,
Cæsar is going to be sold.' That is what Oh! who shall cheer the orphan's heart,
the woman is crying for. They were to Or gild life's dark and desert wild?
be married; but we'll find Clara another How many bosoms, torn with care,
husband, I tell her; and she'll get the And wrung with heaviness and grief, better of her grief, you know, Sir, as I Sink 'neath the burthen of despair,
tell her, in time.
• Never! never!' said Clara.
• To whom is Cæsar going to be sold ; Its earlier sorrows are forgot,
and for what sum?! And hope is kindled in the breast.
"For what can be got for him,' replied. Yes,-kindly bosoms wake the name, Durant, laughing; and to whoever will And bid its lustre fill the eye,
buy him. The sheriff's officer is here, And grateful tongues tr many a name In lisping homage make reply.
who has seized him for debt, and must
make the most of him at market.'
Poor fellow !' said Mr. Edwards; and
must he leave this cottage which he has With Heaven's immortal happiness! S.J. built, and those bananas which he has Phila. Ilmo. 25th, 1832.
Cæsar now, for the first time, looked
up, and fixing his eyes upon Mr. Ed. One morning, as Mr. Edwards was
wards for a moment, advacned with an walking in that part of his plantation intrepid rather than an imploring counwhich joined to Mr. Jefferies' estate, he
tenance, and said Will you be my masthought he heard the voice of distress, atter? Will you be her master ? Buy both some distance. The lamentations grew l of us.
You shall not repent of it.'louder and louder as he approached a cot. Cæsar will serve you faithfully.' tage, which stood upon the borders of
On hearing these words, Clara sprang Jefferies' plantation.
This cottage belonged to a slave of the forwards; and clasping her hands togeth name of Cæsar, the best negro in aller; repeated, 'Cæsar will serve you
Mr. Edwards was moved by their en. standing the severe tasks imposed by Du-treaties, but he left them without declarrant, the overseer, Cæsar found means to
ing his intentions. He went immediate. cultivate his provision ground to a degreely to Mr. Jefferies, whom he found stretchof perfection, no where else to be seen
ed on a sofa drinking coffee. As soon as on this estate.
Mr. Edwards mentioned the occasion of Mr. Edwards had often admired this
his visit, and expressed his sorrow for fellow's industry; and
poor now hastened to enquire what misfortune | devil!' I pity him from the bottom of my
Cæsar, Jefferies esclaimed, “Yes poor had befallen him.
soul. But what can I do? I leave all When he came to the cottage, he found Cesar standing with his arms folded, and those things to Durant. He says the sherhis eyes fixed on the ground. A young
riff's officer has seized him; and ihere's and beautiful female negro was weeping
an end of the matter.
You know money bitterly, as she knelt at the feet of Du must be had. Besides Cæsar is not worse rant, the overseer, who, regarding her off than any other slave sold for debt.with a sullen aspect, repeated,'' he must
What signifies talking about the matter, I tell you woman he must go, what
as if it was something that. never hapgo. signifies all this nonsense'?
pened before! Is not it a.case that oc
curs every day in Jamaica ? *An interesting little establishment in this So much the worse,' replied Mr. Edcity thus denominated, under the patronage of | wards. individuals, members of the Society of Friends, for the benefit of coloured orphans.
“The worse for them, to be sure,' said
Fiat Justitia Ruat Cæulm.
Jeiferies. But, after all, they are slaves, were not to be separated, their joy and and used to be treated as such ; and they gratitude were expressed with all the artell me the negroes are a thousand times dour and tenderness peculiar to their dif. happier here, with us, than they ever ferent characters. Clara was an Eboe, were in their own country.'
Cæsar a Koromantyn Negro. The Eboes Did the negroes tell you so them- | are soft languishing, and timid. The selves?'
Koromantyns are frank, fearless, martial, • No; but people better informed than and heroic. the negroes have told me so; and, after Mr. Edwards carried his new slaves all, slaves there must be, for indigo, and home with bim, desired Bayley, his overrum, and sugar, we must have.'
seer, to make out a provision ground for • Granting it to be physically impossi. Cæsar, and to give him a cottage, which ble that the world should exist, without happened at this time to be vacant. rum, and sugar, and indigo, why could Now, my good friend,' said he to they not be produced by freemen as well Cæsar, you may work for yourself, withas hy slaves ? If we bired negroes for out fear that what you earn may be taken laborers, instead of purchasing them for froin you; or, that you should ever be slaves, do
you think they would not work sold to pay your master's debts. If he as well as now? Does any negro, under does not understand what I am saying,' the fear of the overseer, work harder than continued Mr. Edwards, turning to his a Birmingham journeyman, or a New- overseer, you will explain it to him.' castle collier; who toil for themselves Cæsar perfectly understood all that and their families ?'
Mr. Edwards said; but his feelings were « Of that I don't pretend to judge. at this instant so strong that he could not All I know is that the West India plan- find expression for his gratitude; he stood ters would be rụined, if they had no like one stupitied! Kindness was new slaves, and I am a West India planter.' to him ; it overpowered his manly heart;
So am l: Yet I do not think they and, at hearing the word, my good are the only people whose interest ought friend,” the tears gushed from his eyeş. to be considered in this business.' Tears which no torture could bave extort
• Their interest, luckily, are protected ed ! Gratitude swelled in his bosum ; by the law of the land; and, though they and he longed to be alone, that he might are rich men, and white men, and free freely yield to his emotions, men, they have as good a claim to their
Maria Edgworth. rights as the poorest black slave on any of our plantations.'
The editor of the Bethania Palladium is • The law, in our case, seems to make informed that the circumstance of the case emthe right; and the very reverse ought to
braced in his query, is forgotton. be done; the right should make the law.'
GENIUS OF UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION, To these common place, desultory ob
VOL. XIII. servations, Mr. Edwards made no reply;
This work will henceforth be issued monthly, but returned to poor Cæsar, and offer- l in the City of WASHINGTON. It will be ed to purchase both him and Clara, at the neatly printed, on fine paper, and folded in the highest price the sheriff's officer could octavo form, each number making sixteen large obtain for them at market. Mr. Jefferies, pages. A title page, and index, will accompawith the utmost politeness to his neigh- ny each volume.
The price of subscription will be ONE DOL. bor, but with the most perfect indiffer
LAR per annum, always to be paid in advance. ence to the happiness of those whoin he Subscribers who do not particularly specify considered a different species from him the time they wish to receive the work, or noself , acceded to this proposal. Nothing tify the editor (through the medium of a post
master, or in some other way,) of a desire to could be more reasonable' he said, “and discontinue it before the expiration of the cur. he was happy to have it in his power to rent year, will be considered as engaged for the oblige a gentleman, for whoin he had next succeeding one, and their bills will be for:
warded accordingly. such a high esteem.”
Any person, remitting Five Dollars to the The bargain was quickly concluded Editor, in current money of the United States, with the sheriff's officer; for Mr. Ed- || will be entitled to Six Copies, for one year wards willingly paid several dollars more
All letters, communications, papers, &c, in
tended for this office, must be addressed as usual, than the market price for the two slaves.
to BENJAMIN LUNDY, Washington, D. C. When Cæsar' and Clara heard that they and forwarded free of expense,
EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY BENJAMIN LUNDY, WASHINGTON, D. C. Ar $1.00 PER ANNUM, IN ADVANCE.
• We hold these truths to be self-evideot: that all men are created equal, and endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.- Declaration of Independence, U.S.
No. 4. VOL. III. THIRD SERIES.) FEBRUARY, 1833, [WHOLE NUMBER 280. VOL. XIII.
ERRORS OF THE PRESS.
MEXICAN COLONIZATION. The last number of this work went to the Enough has been said respecting the climate, Press while the Editor was upon a visit to a neigh-|| soil, productions, &c. of the Texas country, to bouring State. He was vexed to perceive that enable the intelligent reader to form a tolerably many typographical errors escaped the notice of correct opinion of the advantages it holds out to the proof reader. Few of them, however, were of the farmer and the planter. When we consider such a nature as to be misunderstood by readers the tact that many of the best markets for our in general. It is, hoped that we shall not soon four, pork, &c. &c. (where those articles are again find an apology of this kind to be neces. taken under heavy duties, in some cases more sary.
than two thousand miles,) are within a very few days sail of the Texas ports; and when we consid
er, also, that such articles may be produced in THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. It appears that the "servants of the people," || markets without the payment of any duties what.
that country, as well as in this, and taken to those who by special authority act as the rulers of the District of Columbia, are not yet disposed to listen ever, some idea may be likewise formed of ite
commercial advantages. to our prayers. Whether they will ever do so,
But we are desirous of furnishing the reader depends upon the WILL OF THEIR CONSTITUENTS | with a general view of the policy of the govern. Sundry petitions, for the abolition of slavery in
ment in its broadest and most extensive features, this District, in addition to those last mentioned,
as it is connected with the settlement of the terri. have recently been presented to Congress. Among || tory in question. For this purpose, we avail our. them, was one from Bullitt county, Kentucky, sign- selves of the information contained in a pamphlet, od by upwards of four hundred of its citizens.
published in the year 1831, and circulated in our As we anticipated, this question will, no doubt, eastern states. It begins with an address to the receive the "go by," at the present session: yet|public, from which we make the following exwe hope the friends of the measure will be induc.
tract:ed, from this very circumstance, to "buckle on
“The country now called Texas, situated on the their armor," and renew their application at the Gulf of Mexico, between the United States and the next. We shall assuredly succeed, in time, if we Rio Grande, * and lying principally between tho hold on; and who so recreant us to abandon the 28th and 35th degrees of north latitude, was first cause in the hour of trial? We have gained the sions relating to the purchase of Florida. It was
made an object of public attention by the discus. attention of thousands to this important subject; || by the treaty of cession of that country, that the and we shall soon gain that of thousands more, if boundaries of Louisiana were fixed; and by many we firmly and actively persevere. Let none be that the most healthy and fertile tract of land in
acquainted with its advantages, it was thought discouraged. Truth and justice must eventually || North America was sacrificed to the acquisition triumph, if their advocates and agenta perform of Florida, -the great political object of Mr. Mon. their duty.
roe's administration. In 1819, however, the relin. To ensure succes in this undertaking, The integral part of Louisiana, was comparatively no
quishment of Texas, considered at that time as an ELECTORS MUST INSTRUCT THEIR REPRESENTATIVES; || loss to thome who already possessed more land and in order to accomplish this, (or, at least, to than they could settle, and who had then but little make the beginning,) let memorials and petitions | knowledge of its intrinsie and local advantages, as
they have been laid open by the republican gobe forwarded to both houses of Congress, from || vernment of Mexico, since its emancipation from every section of the Union. Let the tables, the the enthralling yoke of Spanish despotism. The seats, and the very aisles of their halls be stowed influence of free constitutions and of wise laws with them.--Let the majesty of the people—the in the sudden development of the resources and
has seldom been more perfectly illustrated than "free, sovereign, and independent people,"--pro- || advantages which this fertile country now exhibclaim in a voice of thunder that the hellish system of man-enslaving, and man-merchandizing,
"The Spanish government, so long as it main.
tained its sovereignty in America, not only absoshall no longer be tolerated at the capital of the nation—no longer blast the fair fame and dis. * This river was, probably, once viewed as the grace the most "free government” upon the face | Western limit of Texas; but for a long time, the
Mexicans have considered the river Neueces the of the earth!
boundary. The State of Tamaulipas borden on it.