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Fiat Justitia Ruat Celum.
For the Genius of Universal Emancipation.
Notwithstanding the frowning aspect of the
times, there is abundant cause of encouragement Philanthropic and Literary,
for the friends of universal emancipation,-numerous incentives to still greater diligence, impe
rative requisitions to the performance of known PRINCIPALLY CONDUCTED BY A LADY.
duty, and a steadfast perseverance in their course,
despite of opposition, threats, and dangers,—the The principle of total abstinence from the pro- | eye of faith piercing the veil of futurity, beholds ducts of slave labor is gaining ground, and acquir- | tain the soul amid the difficulties that attend the
all that can cheer and animate the heart, and sus. ing new advocates in different sections of our || advocates of a cause so unpopular, (in this en, country. A new society has been formed in Ches- | lightened age) as that of justice, of mercy, and ter county, Pa. as will appear from the following | humanity—and while viewing in perspective the letter to members of the Female Free Produce the image of the Deity) to freedom, and rights
restoration of a multitude of beings, (created in Society of Philadelphia. Such associations are long cruelly withheld, the heart glows more warmspringing up in different parts of the free States, || ly, is kindled with holier emotion, and anthems of showing the progress of sound anti-slavery prin- || soul is permitted to see them led out from the
thanksgiving ascend before the throne, that the ciples among the people.
darkness of ignorance, the misery of guilt, the Oxford, Chester Co. Pa. wretchedness of poverty, and the awful desolation
4th mo. 6th, 1833. of souls, without hope of salvation, into the enjoy. ESTEEMED FRIENDS :
ments of the untrammeled spirit; into the possesOur long delay in answering your acceptable sion of knowledge, and virtue and religion ; to epistle of 9th mo. last, is attributable partly, to share the blessings of him who
hath brought them the very limited sphere in which we move, in re
out of a state of darkness, and “out of the house lation to obtaining, possessing, and communicat- of bondage.". But to effect this will require the ing useful and interesting knowledge on the im- union of all their forces, and the combination of portant question of negro slavery.
mental energy ;-denunciations against the slave We ardently hope you will not withhold from system are useless ; expressions of feeling for its us, one ray of knowledge that would have a ten- unhappy victims, senseless cant, if unaccompanidency to aid the glorious cause of emancipation.
ed by efficient action. Leave these lamentations for We cordially unite, in sentiment with the au
souls too sordid to make a sacrifice, and prove to
them that you possess thors of that letter, in believing that much good may result from a frequent correspondence between
“Hearts that can feel, the different anti-slavery associations of our union. And souls to act with firm uniting zeal.” Though the active opposition made by some, the Were it possible that the christian citizens of profound apathy of many, and the perfect inactivi- || this republic could but know half the misery, and ty of others, is at times, to our diminutive associa- guilt, and barbarity, that is practised in the southtion, cause of discouragement; yet, when we re ern States, I should not fear its being long toleraflect upon the justness and the importance of our ted. But to describe the wretchedness of the slave, undertaking, in connexion with existing facts, to paint the scenes of anguish he daily, hourly such as that of finding the press that powerful en- | witnesses, would baffle the tongue and pen, would gine for lessening vice when properly directed, set at nought the skill of the artist ;---language more actively engaged in pleading the cause of would be mute—the pencil fail to make an imthe oppressed; the organization of new anti-slave- | pression on the canvass. ry associations, and the continual addition of in.
Yet they know, all may know, that a system telligent and intrepid individuals to the anti-slave- of slavery, the most odious and cruel, eyer devised ry ranks,—we seem to have much cause to be re- || by the most subtle machinations, exists in our animated, and to resolve to persevere, with redou-country, like the deadly Upas extends its influ. bled energy, in the noble work of emancipation. ence over the richest portion, blighting the fairest
In conclusion, we feel a freedom to suggest the prospects, and levelling hope with the dust. They following propositions for your consideration, hop- | also must know, that all who assist in supporting ing you will frankly transmit to us your know- | the system, are involved in equal guilt with the ledge and sentiments respecting them.
slave dealers—and that none can be clear, who First. Would not the free produce cause be withhold an effort in their power to make. Eneraided, by having a clear statement made in some getic appeals to their humanity and sense of jusof the anti-slavery publications, respecting the evi- tice, have been so frequently made, that it seems dences for believing those articles to be the pro- || superfluous to essay one so feeble as this; if the duce of free labor, that are sold for such ? full tones of manhood are disregarded, what can
Second. What number of persons are there in be expected from infantile pleading. the United States, that advocate the cause of ab Philadelphia, 1833. stinence, as an efficient means for aiding the cause of emancipation ?
For the Genius of Universal Emancipation. Third. What is the annual amount of the produce of slave holders, consumed by the citizens of was still around, as my friend and I wandered
It was a fine evening in the month of May, all the free States?
arm in arm, through the grave yard, in the vilWe remain your sincere friends, and well wish. | lage of The full moon shone brightly, ers in the cause of justice and humanity.
as our eyes unexpectedly glanced towards the enOn behalf of the Corresponding Committee. trance of the yard; when we beheld a poor emaTHOMAS HAMBLETON, ciated being endeavouring to conceal himself be
hind a tombstone that stood in the eastern part of
Fiat Justitia Ruat Cælum. it. As one might readily suppose, our curiosities || met nobody as they proceeded in the shade till were somewhat raised, and with slow steps we sunset, and over the plain in the twilight, till they ventured towards him He tried to hide from our reached the forest. They did not know their way view, appearing in great distress. It was with any further than they had been able to study it some difficulty we persuaded him to tell his tale by observing the stars. They were to travel northof wo. At length he said he was a slave, and had ward when the time come for them to proceed to escaped from his master, now residing in Charles-Mr. Bruce's; but their immediate object was to town, from whence he had come the preceding escape pursuit; and as pursuit would most probaevening, and was going to Philadelphia as soon bly be directed where it would be guessed they as possible. After some farther conversation, we wished to go, they turned due west for the pregave him a note to a friend residing in that place, sent, as soon as they could make out the points of and having procured more commodious lodging, the compass by the lights overhead. They pushwe left him. Several months after, as I was sit ed on at their utmost speed, disregarding cold, ting at the window, a negro passed, and stopping, || hunger, and the difficulties of the way. They accosted me. I gazed for a moment, and then re- hastily plucked wild fruit when it hung within cognized the poor slave I had seen, now standing reach, now climbing hills, now creeping through before me. He informed me he was then living thick underwood, now helping one another over in the city, had been successful in business, and fragments of rock, and never stopped till day benotwithstanding there had been search made for gan to dawn. Then Nell cast herself down on him, he was apparently safe and doing well; and the ground, and besought her brother to let her now, I often see him assembling with the people rest. He now observed for the first time that one of God, and mingling his prayers with theirs ! of her feet was covered with blood, and frightfully
swollen. A large thorn had pierced it some hours
before, and as she had in her hurry let it remain, The two slaves, whose adventures are related it was buried too deep to be easily got out, and
she was so lame as to be unable to go further. below, had been sold to satisfy their master's
Willy looked round anxiously, and walked from debts, and separated from their friends and the side to side to gaze abroad and see whether this scenes of their childhood. Their attempt, so fa-spot was easily accessible from any quarter. He tal to one of them, was to return to their old mas
came back presently with a more cheerful coun
tenance, saying, ter, where they might enjoy the consolation of
“The bushes are thick all round us, and the soothing the latter days of an aged and infirm fa- wood is very wild; and there is fruit on the trees, ther, from whom they had been compelled to se and a little river near, where we may drink. If
we could but hide ourselves as long as the sun is parate.
up, we might be safe for many days.” BEASTS HUNT MEN IN DEMERARA.
“Cannot we pile up these big stones to make a The absent brother and sister were less willing hiding place, Willy ? Set them one upon another to relinquish the hope of return. Upon this hope against this steep part of the hill, and leave a hole they had lived from the moment of their depar- behind where we may creep in.” ture: they saw it in each other's eyes, while their Willy found this not very difficult. The hiding captivity was too new to allow them an opportu- | place looked outside like a natural heap of fragnity of speaking of it; and they kept it alive by ments of rock, while behind there was a hole sympathy when some relaxation of discipline al- large enough for two people to set upright; and lowed them to exchange a whisper from time to when some dry grass was shaken down to make time. They planned to escape in the night, to the ground soft, the runaway slaves thought they take refuge in the woods, and subsist there as could be content to remain in this narrow dwell
well as they could till the search should be over, ing for a long time. Willy laughed as he had ! and they could find their way back to Mr. Bruce's || not laughed since childhood, when he leaned back
estate, and throw themselves at their master's in his dark corner, and Nell smiled as much as feet to petition for such an exchange of slaves as the pain of her foot would let her. Hope had al. would allow them to remain in their old habita- | ready done her heart good. Twenty-four hours tion. They had no thought of evading slavery sooner she would have made every body near her altogether. They had no means of leaving the melancholy with her groans, for slaves are fond of coast, or of obtaining their freedom within it. The pity, and are made selfish by their wrongs; but utmost they hoped was to spend a life of slavery now, Nell began to feel like a free-woman. She under a lenient master, and among those they had could procure no indulgence by complaint, and long known, and could love: a wish not so very she was grateful to her brother for his assistance immoderate or presumptuous, it may be thought, || in making her escape. She therefore hoped that as to merit very severe chastisement. Yet they he would sleep, and remained quite quiet that she knew that no punishment would be thought too might not hinder his doing so. Perhaps she would heavy, if they should be detected in cherishing L have attempted to sing a drowsy song, if she had this hope.
not been afraid of betraying their retreat by perOne afternoon, they and their black brethren mitting any sound to issue from it. on the estate were left unguarded, owing to the Her fit of patience lasted longer than might sudden illness of the driver, who fell down in the have been expected from such a novice in the virfield and was carried home in fits. A glance in tue. For a few hours she sat bearing the pain stantly passed from Willy to Nell, and joy was in very well, and she might possibly have endured their hearts that an opportunity of escape should for another if she had not heard, or fancied she occur so much sooner than they had expected. || heard, a sound which made her heart throb as There was no roll-call that
If there had ainfully as her foot. The woods reposed in all been, the brother and sister would have been call the stillness of noon, or she would have supposed ed in vain, for they were already on their perilous the sound to be some freak of the wind among the way to the woods. Nobody missed them: they l rocks or the high foliage of the forest; but there
Fiat Justitia Ruat Cælum.
was no wind, there was nothing to provoke an had throttled her brother: but the effort only serv. echo, and her ears were struck by something tooed to remind her that her arms were fastened. like the distant, the very distant baying of a She was asleep or in a stupor when brought back hound. She laid her hand on her brother's arm. to her hut, a circumstance which was pointed out He did not stir, She paused to listen again, be- || by a white as conclusive of the fact that negroes fore she disturbed him. She had not long to wait
. | have no feeling. As she was too lame to work, It came again, nearer, and too distinct to be mis however, and not in the best condition for the taken. She shook the sleeper.
lash, she was not roused. There was some mer“Willy, Willy! hark to the hounds! The cy in leaving her to find out for herself, when she hounds are after us!"
should again be able to collect her disordered Willy groaned as he started up, and shook thoughts, that the brand and the stocks were some of the stones over head, which rolled down waiting for her, and that the days of her bondage with a great clatter.
must henceforth be spent alone. “ Never mind that, Nell. We could not keep under cover with the hounds upon us. O, if we For the Genius of Universal Emancipation. had but passed a stream in our way! If we could It grieves me not to think I may not taste, but have baulked the hounds !"
Of Western India's choicest cane! mine eyes, “There is a river below,” cried Nell; and Wil- Unmoved, can rest upon the table's load ly was off at the word.
Of luscious viands, tastefully arra ed;"O, Willy, Willy, do not leave me! I cannot Can bid the untasted dainties pass me by; walk. O, carry me with you!"
Without regretting I may not regale Willy hesitated a moment as his worse and bet- | My palate with their sweets:—but yet my heart ter nature strove together. He came back for his Will oft times sicken with the thought, that each sister, took her on his back, and began to scram
Conserve is sprinkled o'er with human blood ble down to the stream. It was too late, how. A brother's or a sister's warm life’s blood : ever. The shouts of men were now heard ming. The purple current, coloring the ground ling with the loud and louder baying of the blood. They're forced to till.–And, knowing this, shall I hounds, which might be expected the next mo
Assist in riveting the chain ?-assist ment to spring from the bushes upon their vic. In drawing still more close the band tims. There was no hope of getting down to the That binds a heavier burden on the slave? stream in time, much less of being hidden on the No!-were a greater sacrifice required, opposite side. Willy cast a hurried look behind Than yet hath been; I'd rather, far, submit him every moment; and when at last he heard a
To make it, than connive at, or assist rustling in the underwood, and saw fierce eyes With such enormities, with so much crime,
In bolstering up a system, fraught glaring upon him, he laid his burden on the grass, And misery, and pain, and guilt most foul. crying, “Nell, will you die or be a slave ?"
Then ask me not again to taste those sweets; Nell grovelled on the earth and made no an
To me they're bitter; e'en the very sight
Brings sadd’ning recollections. Take them hence; “I will die!" shouted Willy, and was about to
I'll taste no more; each sweetmeat, each conserve, spring into the water. His sister recalled him by
And finely flavoured fruit, is tasteless now to mc.
Becky; poor Becky! She will be all alone when our father dies."
Terms of Subscription Willy turned. What his choice would have been cannot be known, for there was no time for choice. Before the slave-hunters could come up
GENIUS OF UNIVERSAL EMANCIPATION. to see what happened, a fierce blood-hound had
Vol. XIII. sprung at Willy's throat and brought him down. Önce having tasted blood, the animal was not to in the CITY OF WASHINGTON.
This work will henceforth be issued monthly,
It will be neatly be restrained by whistle, shouts, or blows, till the printed on fine paper, and folded in the octavo long death grapple was over When the mangled form, each number inaking sixteen large pages. negro had ceased to struggle, and lay extended in | A title page and index will accompany each his blood, the hound slunk back into the bushes, I volume. licking his chops, and growling at Nell as if he would make another spring if he dared.
The price of subscription will be ONE DOLLAR The remaining fugitive had no power to resist, per annum, always to be paid in adrance. even if she had had the will. But her will was
Subscribers who do not particularly specify the annihilated. She had nothing to hope or to fear time they wish to receive the work, or notify the in the present extremity of bodily and mental editor (through the medium of a post-master, or misery. She sat quietly on the grass when they | in some other way,) of a desire to discontinue it tied her hands behind her back. She attempted | before the expiration of the current year, will be to walk when she was bid, and submitted to be considered as engaged for the next succeeding one, carried when it was found she could not stand. and their bills will be forwarded accordingly. She did not speak when they took up the body of Any person remitting Five Dollars to the Editore her brother from its bloody bed, nor start when || in current money of the United States, will be en. they tossed it into the stream, though splashed by titled to Six Copies, for one year. the plunge.
All letters, communications, papers, &c. intendShe was conscious but of one passing impulseed for this office, must be addressed, as usual, tu during her journey back,-to throttle the man on BENJAMIN LUNDY, Washington, D.C.-and whose shoulders she was carried, as the hound || forwarded free of expense.
EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY BENJAMIN LUNDY, WASHINGTON, D. C. AT $1.00 PER ANNUM, IN ADVANCE.
“ We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal, and endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.- Declaration of Independence, U. S.
No. 8. Vol. III. THIRD SERIES.] JUNE, 1833. (WHOLE NUMBER 284. VOL. XIII.
self-nominated to the important office of their speWe are not yet ready to take up this subject, | cial guardianship. He goes on to say: with the view of handling it thoroughly. But as
These prejudices entertained by them
against removing to Liberia, have been created soine of the slavite and African colonization pa. and fostered, as is well known, by the deluded pers have opened their bateries against the enter- || advocates of immediate emancipation. Misguided prise, we cannot, willingly, let their misrepresent- fanatics often occasion more mischief than avow.
ed infidels,” &c. * * * * " We cannot but regard ations and absurdities pass entirely unnoticed.
these persons as the greatest foes to the best inThe first open, frank opponent, we have met
terests of the African race. Their number, howwith, is the veritable Col. Stone, of the New York
ever, is few, and though the noise they make is “Commercial Advertiser.” This man is one of the great, their influence is small. Yet if it can be most “ fanatical” among the ultra African coloni. shown, that a settlement in the Texas would an
swer the purpose of the blacks, we would not lay zationists. We may also add, that he is one of the
a straw in their path." gloomiest bigots, and surliest aristocrats, in the How liberal! how charitable !--and,withal, how United States. He possesses but little stability in intelligent again !! “ These prejudices” are all fo. either politics or philanthropy-was once a “ red | mented by the “
the hot” emancipator, and now condemns every whites. The colored people cannot think for them. measure connected with it, but the transportation selves, at all! It is true that “misguided fanatics” of the colored race to Liberia! Popularity is his did create those“ prejudices” (or rational concluidol. Whatever sounds large, or makes a splensions) in part. But they were the “ fanatics” in did appearance, attracts his eager attention, and the ranks of ultra African colonizationists. By resways his superficial judgment. The African co- presenting the free colored people as “nuisances,” Ionization scheme has acquired a high degree of and opposing their continuance in the land of their propularity among a portion of our citizens; and, birth, (which is as justly their home, as it is that
whatever may be its real merits, that is sufficient of the white man,) they disgusted them beyond .. for him. All other plans for the abolition of sla- measure, and inculcated the opinion that they very, &c. must be discouraged. Here is “ fanati.
“ the greatest foes to the best interests of the cism,” the most wild and extravagant ?—ňay, it is African race.” Their confidence in the utility of absolute fatuity, or moral blindness!
that scheme, however, was impaired principally In a long article, headed “Convention of Free by a thorough and candid examination of it. They l'ersons of Color,” this editor uses the following are quite as competent for this, as the prejudiced language :
and aristocratic upstarts, who tyrannize over them “ Their avowed object is, to devise means to while they can, and would eject them from their elevate the character and improve the condition native country, when they are compelled to do of the colored population in this country, and to tix upon a suitable place whither they may emi- them justice. But this sage adviser would be grate, and where they will no longer endure the willing that they should emigrate to Texas, if it Jepressing inferiority to which, so long as they would " answer their purpose.” He has turned lwell among the whites, they must always be
many a summerset, and this is put in as a saving subjected. It is understood that the delegates are generally, if not altogether, opposed to the Colo- clause, to afford an excuse to turn another, should nization Society,--adverse to going to Liberia, – the measure in question become popular. Yet he and that they have it in contemplation to plant a thinks there are reasons, numerous and cogent, colony in the Texas.”
for believing that it will never “ answer the pur. This shows that he is ignorant of a great part pose."--Ist. “ The conveyance to the Texas would of the colored people's views and plans. And his be more expensive, on an average, than a passage ignorance is the more unpardonable, as he has to Monrovia.” Is the man mad, or has he lost his ample means to acquire correct information, and geography?—or does he calculate that none are to porosesses to have a thorough understanding of his cmigrate but those in New York? 2d. “The price subject. It never has been their “avowed object” of land in Texas is vastly dearer than in Africa.” wo emigrate, generally, to any place whatever. Does he not know that land is given to the Texas They do not believe that they will always be colonist, on his paying for the surveying, and a subjected to the “inferiority” which colonization- small trifle for commissioner's fees? : 3d. “They ists tell them they must forever endure, if they must conform to the Catholic religion.” The wri. continue in this country. Many of them can see ter of this saw a Methodist camp-mecting in Texas quite as far into futurity, as those who thus stand about a year ago. 4th.“ Very few of our colored
Fiat Justitia Ruat Cælum.
MARYLAND COLOXIZATION SOCIETY.
people are acquainted with the Spanish language.”cipated slaves to Mexico generally, is not of the How do the Germans, &c. make out in the United coloured people's invention. Yet, if they favour States?
the idea of a removal from these States, at all, But,--"admitting all these difficulties suscepti- | they will look to that region, in preference to all ble of removal,” he thinks they can scarcely get | others. They are possessed of sufficient intellithere. If they go "overland,” they “must pass | gence and sagacity, to form as accurate an opinion through Louisiana;" and the slave-holders would upon the subject, as those who wish them back to never permit that.--What a pity we cannot have Africa, now that the time is approaching when a road through Arkansas, and thus be independ they must dispense with their services, as mere ent of the omnipotence of the slavites !--but, now
"hewers of wood and drawers of water." And I recollect, there is one; and “Uncle Sam” is about they will exercise their opinions, notwithstanding making another. Perchance, too, Arkansas may | the gratuitous advice of those whose prejudices yet be a “ Free State !"—who knows? If they against them are declared to be eternal, and who
proceed by water,” he says, " the navigation will do them justice no where. would be almost as long, and altogether more
In conclusion:-As the advocates and promodangerous, than the voyage to Liberia.” He cer. ters of African Colonization have frequently, and tainly thinks of no colored persons, but those in | loudly complained of opposition to their scheme, New York! He forgets that a portion of our
on the part of the friends of Universal Emancipacountry is separated from Texas by nothing more tion, we would advise them to consider whether than lines of longitude, and rivers of a few rods | there would be any impropriety in hurling back in width. He omits to state that the ports on the their own officious denunciations of other plans coasts of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and | and proposals, which are, at least, as important West Florida, are but from three to five days sail and philanthropic as theirs ? of those in Texas; and he must have miscalcula. ted great!y, when he compared the distances, re. spectively, between New York and the places al At a meeting of this association, on the 30th of luded to. There is, probably, a discrepancy of a April, last, we learn that the following preamble thousand miles or so!
and resolutions were unanimously adopted. Here Upon the whole, we have seldom seen a more is one short step publicly taken towards the advolame and impotent attempt to decry an important cacy of general emancipation, by a few of those public enterprise, than this. Assuming false pre- | who patronise the African Colonization scheme. mises, in the commencement, the author blunders Much of their reasoning is unsound and absurd; upon errors at every step. Entertaining the most || yet it is cheering to perceive that their eyes are bitter prejudices against the colored people, he is opening. If the “fanatics” of universal emanci. constantly betrayed into mistaken apprehensions || pation continue their efforts, success will, ere long, of their views and designs. The Convention is not crown them with the everlasting laurel. It is organized for the purpose of encouraging any colo- something gained, in favour of the cause, when nization scheme, at all. Whatever it may do, in such an association (composed in part of slavethe way of recommending any place, as an asylum holders) has thus openly decided to act as an Antifor the oppressed and persecuted, this is not its Slavery Society Let the most enlightened advoprimary object. It contemplates the melioration cates of the cause continue, assiduously, to collect of the condition of its members and constituents, and disseminate practical information, and they here. It looks to this continent, as the natural and will discover, at length, that something else will perpetual home of the American colored man. be far more effective, in accomplishing their obHere he must --here he will, ultimately, be in-ject
, than that of colonizing the coloured race on vested with every privilege, moral and political, || the continent of Africa. that shall be enjoyed by persons of any other co "Whereas, it is the desire of the Maryland lor--and it is the wildest of " fanaticism”--the State Colonization Society, to hasten, so far as grossest of absurdity—the very essence of folly-- |shall cease to exist in Maryland; and whereas, the
the arrival of the period when slavery
they can, to lecture on the propriety and practicability of society believe that this can best be done by adexpatriating the colored race to the country of one vocating and assisting the cause of colonization, half of their remote ancestors. If, indeed, their which is the truest, the safest, and the most effiexpatriation is necessary, a moiety should go to stances; and whereas, the cause of colonization,
cient auxiliary of freedom, under existing circumEurope; for nearly as many of their ancestors which has already produced great results, and came from thence, as did from Africa. The color | from which so much is still anticipated, must de. of that “race" is not purely “African” now!
pend in Maryland upon the facilities afforded for
the transportation and reception of emigrants on The scheme of planting “a colony in Texas” the coast of Africa, which can only be secured to or, rather, of encouraging the emigration of eman the necessary and desired extent, by the establish