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ments. In 1806 he re-established the breeding studs founded under the old monarchy, and established thirty depôts of stallions, and two trial schools. Louis XVIIJ. increased the number of race-courses in the departments, and in 1819 we find France for the first time possessing regular horse-races During the republic, and the reign of the Emperor, neither the names of the horses nor of the proprietors, are known!: but in 1819, regularity and order were re-established.
At Paris, Latitat, belonging to the Count of Narbonne, distinguished himself against the horses of M. de Rogeres, and M. Horace Vernet. In 1820 M. Rieussec made his first appearance with his mare Erigone. The year 1823 will always be celebrated for the victories of Nell, a thorough-bred mare, born at Meudon, under the care of the Duke de Guiche-Nell was the first thorough-bred French mare that ever appeared on a race course.
In 1824 Lucy, belonging to the Duke d’Escars was the second thorough-bred that appeared.
The regeneration of French races was owing to the thorough-bred stallions, Truffle, Milton, Tancredi, Rowlston, and Rainbow. About the same time that Rainbow came to France, came also another stallion called Tandem, better known in England as Multum in Parvo, he was sold to M. Shickler, but his stock has not given satisfaction. Charles X. enlarged the breeding stud at Meudon, where the Duke de Guiche superintended the establishment, and in 1827 he produced on the turf, Vittoria, by Milton, out of Jeane, equally remarkable for her beauty and speed.
In 1828, M. Delaroque, a trainer of Normandy, brought out Zephyr, by D. I. O. out of Biche.
In 1829, Vesta, belonging to M. de Labastide, of Limoges, carried off everything. The provincial horses were now on a par with those at Paris, and M. de Rogeres, M. Delaroque, and M. de Labastide snatched the laurels from the stables of the Duke de Guiche, the Duke d'Escars, and M. Rieussec. On the 10th of September, 1826, Lord Seymour made his first appearance on the French turf, which, however, was anything but a favourable one. He paid forfeit for his horse, Felix, which was matched against Lady of the Lake.
In 1830, Count d'Orsay gained two prizes with Silvio, out of Hebe, by Prance,
In 1832—3, the good luck of M. Rieussec was at its height. It is sufficient to quote the names of Georgina, Pamela, Hercules, all by Rainbow or Felix, who was the first horse that ran round the Champs de Mars in four minutes, fifty seconds—a tremendous pace, when we recollect that Vittoria and Vesta were always more than five minutes accomplishing the same distance. In December 1833, twelve breeders of horses united to uphold the degenerating state of the turf, by giving prizes, &c., and allowing none but horses foaled in France to contend for them. A stud book was also kept, and the race-courses at Chantilly and Versailles properly organized. Messrs. Fasquel, Legigan, Lupin, Fould, Sabatier, Sauterre, Lord Seymour, Riviere, Rothschild, and Pontalba came forward, whilst the stables at Meudon were regenerated under the auspices of the Duke of Orleans, and we will now give a concise description of a visit to the leading stables, commencing with that of M. Sabatier, at Buc.
The stables at Buc, near Versailles, were once attached to those of M. Rieussec, at Virofley, and commanded an excellent position; they have since been much enlarged, and every thing done for them that money and ingenuity can command. In this establishment are five mares, Ada, dam of Miss Annetta, Kermess, Naiad, one of Whalebone's fillies, Christabel, half sister to Plenipo, and Meliora. There are eight horses in training, and ten colts, among which are two promising two-year-olds, Cerf Volant, and Festival. M. Sabatier has never been very fortunate on the turf, although he richly deserves to reap some of its golden harvests.
We now come to M. Lupin's stud at St. Cloud. M. Lupin made his appearance on the turf in 1836, with Belinda, by Tandem, out of Teneriffe ; his success was very trifling, nor were Norma and Julietta, which he bought afterwards, destined to make it more brilliant,Laocoon promised well, but this son of Rainbow, unluckily, had not the best of tempers. Laocoon once beat Lord Seymour's Royal George, but it was more a trial of temper than speed.—Laocoon bolted, and Royal George threw his jockey, and almost killed him, and Laocoon thus managed to win the only race he ever won. M. Lupin having been always unfortunate with horses bred by others, determined to try bis fortune with colts, born and bred at his own stables. In 1837 he proceeded to England, and having arrived shortly after the death of his Majesty, William the Fourth, he bought, at the Hampton Court stud sale, Fleur-de-lis, Wings, and Young Mouse. Better blood could not have been imported into France, Fleur-de-lis, had carried off twenty-two prizes, Young Mouse, a descendant of Godolphin, was remarkable for her diminutiveness, and beautiful form of head, and Wings,---what shall we say of Wings, was she grey or bay ?-what matters it. What has she done ?—what matters it,Wings is the dam of Fiametta, as much as Cornelia was the mother of the Gracchi—Wings is known no longer as Wings herself, but only as the dam of Fiametta. M. Lupin has also another young mare, called Young Maniac, brought from England by Lord Seymour. These four mares have produced the following colts and fillies, foaled at Saint Cloud.
Four yr. olds–Faustus, by Emilius, out of Fleur-de-lis; Fiametta, by Aciæon, out of Wings ; Zibeline, out of Young Mouse.
Three-yr.-olds.-Angora, by Lottery, out of Young Mouse; Balsamine, by Lottery, out of Fleur-de-lis; Romanesca, by Lottery, out of Wings.
Two-yr.-olds.-Ratapolis, by Lottery, out of Young Mouse; Bengali, by Ibrahim, out of Wings; Diogenes, by Royal Oak, out of Young Maniac.
Yearlings.-A bay colt, by Bizarre, out of Young Mouse ; Anemone, by Bizarre, out of Fleur-de-lis.
M. Lupin's efforts have been happy in their result, having a long head to back them. Faustus and Fiametta alone have immortalized him; and there is no reason to apprehend that Romanesca will prove unworthy of her half sister, Fiametta.
The stables of M. Fould, at Rocquencourt, are the next that fall under our observation. Among other horses, M. Fould has produced Rocquencourt, Stella, Aurial, and Jocelyn. This gentleman never uses, even for private use, any other than thorough-bred cattle. This establishment has been on a much larger scale than it is at present, The number of brood mares is reduced from seven to three, viz. a sister of the celebrated Glaucus, a Merlin mare, and Barbarina. Among the produce of last year, M. Fould has a filly named Galatea, by Bay Middleton, out of sister to Glaucus. The less remarkable in the stable, are Rominagrobis, Gerfaut, Comedie, Ursula, Quinola, Péché Mortel, and Cæsar, a beautiful stallion, brother to Aurial. We now come to the Duke of Orleans' stud, at Meudon.
The place occupied by the stables at Meudon, was formerly a pleasure garden, which having been destroyed in the revolution of 1789, owes its restoration to the Duke de Berri, who established shooting grounds here. On the Duke d’Augouleme succeeding his brother, he built stables on this same ground, and the Duke de Guiche was entrusted with the care of the new establishment; be brought from England several mares and stallions; and three years afterwards, Nell, a thorough. bred filly, gained three prizes at the Champ de Mars. In 1830, the change of the French dynasty, changed the direction of the stud at Meudon. Louis Philippe succeeded Charles X, and M. de Strada succeeded M. de Guiche. Under this new director the stables began to degenerate daily-useless cattle increased to a frightful degree. In 1830, when M. de Guiche gave up the establishment to M. de Strada, he left ninety-six horses, and in 1833, M. Strada had one hundred and twenty-six useless brutes in the stables. In three years he had done an irremediable degree of harm, and had only bought Nimrod, a halfbred English horse, for which he gave four hundred pounds in England, and which was afterwards sold in France for four hundred francs, or sixteen pounds. Voila le plus beau trait de l'administralian Strada.
In 1833, however, the king seeing how things were going on, gave the stables to the Duke of Orleans. M. de Cambis succeeded M. de Strada, and did wonders in improving the stud. The stables were rebuilt, and the paddocks put into thorough order, and the number of boxes augmented. Each borse has now its own box, court, and paddock, but the aged mares are kept together. Among them are Vittoria, the dam of Nautilus and Romulus; Eva, Sweetlips, Margarita, Donna Pilla, Manille, Jenny Vertpré, Chevreuil, and Camerilla,-but looking very different from what we saw them at Chantilly or Epsom. At Meudon are also Manchette, Syanarelle, Qu'en-dira-t-on, Fadaise, Satisfecit, a filly by Lottery out of Logomachie, Coq-a.lane, by Ibrahim out of Vittoria, Tetanos, by Lestocq out of Volante (the handsomest of the two yr. olds), Falbalas, by Ibrahim out of Anna, Musmus, by Ibrahim out of Manilla, Cancan, by Lestocq out of Brise-l'air. Of these eleven, four have passed into the trainer's hands, Coq-a-l'ane, Tetanos, Falbalas, and Cancan. I also noticed Rocquencourt, Giges, Canchemar, Gasconnade, Celadon, Alcindor, Balançoire, and Fricassee; the five last being two yr. olds, and which, in 1843, we shall see at Chantilly, and on the Champ de Mars. The stables at Meudon, are by far the handsomest thing of the sort to be found in France, nor have the improvements been confined to the stables themselves alone, for the greatest care is taken in the breeding and training departments, as also in the choice of grooms and jockeys. George Edwards is the well-known trainer of the duke at present, and Pavis is jockey. In a short time, Vittoria, Camarilla, Jenny Vertpre, and Chevreuil will drop foals to Glaucus and Liverpool. The Duke of Orleans frequently visits his establishment at Meudon, and appears to be heart and soul interested in its well doing. At Chantilly the horses undergo a severe discipline under the care of George Edwards. No more delights of Meudon for them—but sweats and physicking, give them notice that their idle days are past, and that glory awaits them.
PARIS SPRING MEETING.
The Spring Meeting commenced in the Champs de Mars on Sunday, April 25, and terminated on Sunday May 9. These meetings, which have been established by the society for encouraging the breed of horses in France, are always seen to greater advantage in the spring, when all the world is in Paris. On the present occasion the sport was
diversified by two hurdle races, the first of the kind that ever took place on the Champ de Mars.
First day,– first race. The Jockey Club Stakes of 1000 francs, for thorough-breds, three year olds, and upwards, born and bred in France, twelve horses entered, ten started, four placed. M. Riviere's Marengo.–Gibson
1 M. A. Fould's Auriol Lord Seymour's Quid-pro-quo
3 Count d’Hedouville's Whiteface.... M. de Roban's Bayadere ; M. de Pontalba’s Gavotte ; M. Fasquell's Silhouette, M. de Cambis' Mantille ; M. de Beauvais' Beeswing ; M. Lupin's Balsamine, and a colt belonging to Mr. Ashman ; also started, but were not placed. Second race.
Stud Stakes of 2000 francs, for colts and fillies threeyear-olds, foaled and bred in France, 200 francs entrance, h. ft. -Eleven entered, eight started, four placed. M. Carter's Annetta.-Flatman
1 M. Fasquel's Pamphili
2 M. A. Lupin's Romanesca
3 M. de Pontalba's Ned... M. de Labatier's Verveine ; M. de Cambis' Tonadille ; Lord Seymour's Ninus ; Mr. Drake's Miserere ; also started, but were not placed.
Third race (the hurdle race). This race, from its novelty, excited the most lively curiosity,there were four hurdles to clear, and the height (what think you, steeple chasers of England) of each hurdle was nearly three feet and a half! Prize 1,500 francs, for all horses, four horses entered.
M. Rowley's Brother to Harkaway
M, Perregaux's Paddy; and M. d'Hedouville's Moses, not placed. At the first hurdle Moses fell, and Paddy went through it instead of over it, Pantalon threw his jack, who though stunned, was not otherwise damaged, and M. Rowley's horse won,—and thus ended the hurdle race, to the great admiration of the French, and amusement of the English, spectators. On the same principle that children are forbidden to meddle with edged tools, we advise the French not to meddle with hurdle races. It was only by a special dispensation of Providence, that three jockies were not carried home with broken necks. The horses evinced about as much skill in jumping, as an owl would in skating.
May 2.-Second day.- Prize given by the Minister of Commerceeight horses entered, but two only appeared-M. de Hedouville's Whiteface, and M. de Cambis's Tragedy. The first heat was won by the former, and Tragedy walked over for the second and third, when they divided the Stakes, and all bets were declared off.
Next came the Trial Stakes, and the best thing we could do for them