The Easter Computus and the Origins of the Christian Era
OUP Oxford, 16 oct. 2008 - 488 páginas
The system of numbering the years AD (Anni Domini, Years of the Lord) originated with Dionysius Exiguus. Dionysius drafted a 95-year table of dates for Easter beginning with the year 532 AD. Why Dionysius chose the year that he did to number as '1' has been a source of controversy and speculation for almost 1500 years. According to the Gospel of Luke (3.1; 3.23), Jesus was baptized in the 15th year of the emperor Tiberius and was about 30 years old at the time. The 15th year of Tiberius was AD 29. If Jesus was 30 years old in AD 29, then he was born in the year that we call 2 BC. Most ancient authorities dated the Nativity accordingly. Alden Mosshammer provides the first comprehensive study of early Christian methods for calculating the date of Easter to have appeared in English in more than one hundred years. He offers an entirely new history of those methods, both Latin and Greek, from the earliest such calculations in the late second century until the emergence of the Byzantine era in the seventh century. From this history, Mosshammer draws the fresh hypothesis that Dionysius did not calculate or otherwise invent a new date for the birth of Jesus, instead adopting a date that was already well established in the Greek church. Mosshammer offers compelling new conclusions on the origins of the Christian era drawing upon evidence found in the fragments of Julius Africanus, of Panodorus of Alexandria, and in the traditions of the Armenian church.
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13 April 14th day 19-year cycle 25 March 250th Olympiad 532-year period 95-year table according to nature Adam Aeas Africanus Alexandrian calendar Alexandrian cycle Anania Anatolian cycle Anatolius Andreas Annianus argued Armenian Athanasius attributed Augustalis Augustus base-date Bede began bishop Byzantine century Christian Chronicle Chronicon Paschale Chronograph of 354 chronology church computist consuls consulship corresponding cosmic cosmic era Council counted creation cycle of Anatolius Cyril date for Easter Diocletian Dionysius Exiguus diVerent Dulaurier 1859 Easter Sunday Easter table embolismic emperor enneakaidekaëteris epact Epiphanius Eusebius eVect Ginzel Greek Grumel Hippolytus Incarnation indictional interval January Jesus Jewish Julian Krusch leap letter lunar epact Maximus Mommsen Nisan observed Panodorus Paschal calculations Paschal cycle Paschal full moon Paschal table Passion Passover Pharm reference Roman calendar Rome rule saltus says Schwartz solar Syncellus synchronized Theophilus Thoth Tiberius tradition Victorius weekday Wfth Wrst Wrst day Wrst month