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Remarks on the Ancient Egyptian Manuscript*, with Translation of the Rosetta Inscription; Correspondence relative to the Rosetta Inscription j Egypt; Inscription on the Paw of the Great Sphinx; Observations on a Greek Manuscript on Papyrus; Correspondence upon Hieroglyphical Subjects; Discoveries in Hieroglyphic Literature; Lives of Eminent Scholars: J. H. Tooke, G. Wakefield, J. Bryant, R. Person. In addition to the authorities above cited, we refer to Lon. Gent. Mag., 1829, ii. 276, (Obit.;) Amer. Jour, of Sei., xxii. 232, (Memoir;) Brande'g Jour., xxviii. 154, (Young's own list of his works and papers to 1827 ;) Encyc. Brit., 8th ed., Index; Life in Knight's Eng. Cyc., Biog., vi., 1858, 894; Life and Corresp. of William Allen; Lon. Quar. Rev., viii. 151; Edin. Rev., lix. 281; Blackw. Mag., iv. 183; Lon. Athen., 1858, i. 683, ii. 649.

If I should call Dr. Thomas Young the most accomplished Englishman of modern times, and only second to Newton and the Bacons (yet far more learned than all of the three combined) in British scientific history, I suppose that, by some who have never weighed his claims to this just distinction, I should be charged with extravagance; hut what other name can for a moment contest his superiority? The most of our great men (though an American, I claim a share in all of Britain's eminent sons) have achieved their fame by pre-eminence in some one department of intellectual research. Not so with Thomas Young. Distinguished as an Orientalist, Hellenist, Latinist, a master of many modern tongues, physicist, medical doctor, chemist, mechanist, essayist, biographer, and calligraphist, he increased his resemblance to the "Admirable Crichton" by his skill in music, horsemanship, and dancing, and in his youth, when at the University of Gcittingen, "practised under various matters all sorts of feats of personal agility, in which he excelled to an extraordinary degree." When Edmund Kean played the "Admirable Crichton" for his benefit, he introduced some of the feats of Young as illustrations of the character. If we run the risk of "making the judicious grieve" by thus admitting the fact that to ride two horses at a time, dance on the tight rope, and enact Harlequin with great applause, at a court masquerade at Brunswick, were among the early distinctions of the illustrious philosopher, let it not be forgotten that it is recorded to his honour that he was altogether free from that dissipation and vice to which this perilous season of life is peculiarly prone. Nor did his future course "unbeseetn the promise of his spring:" by one who had the best opportunities of knowing the truth, he is described as

"« man in nil the relations of life nprlght, kind-hearted, blame1*88. His domestic virtues were as exemplary as his talents were preat. He was entirely free from either envy or jeiilousy, and the assistance which he pave to others engaged in the same lines of research as himself was constant ami unbounded. His morality through life had lieen pure, though unostentatious. His religions sentiments were by himself stated to lie liberal, though orthodox. He hail extensively stuclieil the Scriptures, of which the precepts wore deeply impressed upon his miuil from his earliest years; and h« evidenced the truth which he professed in an unbending course of usefulness and rectitude."— Hcpbox Gurnet: Memoir of Young, ut supra.

It is not unworthy of note that ho possessed the very desirable advantages of a handsome person and prepossessing appearance. The theme is a delightful one, and I am loath to leave it; and I have a plausible excuse for delay in the adduction of a few eminent witnesses to the surpassing merits of this illustrious man. As early as 1815, Humboldt attested that " there was no field of human knowledge which Dr. Young has not cultivated with success; wherever he has passed, his path is marked with discoveries;" Arogo declared that his works resemble the Transactions of a number of separate Academies, rather than the productions of a single mind; and our countryman Edward Everett, one of the best intellectual assayers I have ever known, pronounced him (N. Amer. Rev., xxxii. 110) "a man of matchless sagacity."

"The discovery of the principle of optical interferences, which hu proved the "key to all the more abstruse and puzzling properties of light, wouhl alone have sufficed to place its author in the highest rank of scientific immortality, even were his other almost innumerable claims to such a distinction disregarded."—


"At the. mention of Dr. Young's name the historian must pause. None of oar countrymen has approached more nearly the character of the celebrated Dr. Brook Taylor. Possessing the same Ingenuity, extensive learning, varied accomplishments, and profound science, he combined likewise a concise, hard, and sometimes obscure, mode of stating his reasonings and calcn

latlons."—Sib John I.p-sui-: Kncyc. Brit., 8th ed., I., J863, 732: Fifth Prelim. Diucrt.

"It may safely be affirmed that no philologer ever before made snch a discovery in science as the luw of interference, and that no natural philosopher ever made such a step in the interpretation of a lost tongue as the formation (np to a certain point) of an Egyptian alphabet. We cannot close this imperfect sketch of one of the greatest ornaments of our age and nation, without adding that in private life Dr. Young was exemplary, endued with warm affections, philosophic moderation, and high moral and religious principles. . . . Dr. Young's philosophical character approached in many important particulars to that of Newton. With much of the inventive fire of Davy and of the reasoning sagacity of Wollaston, ho combined an amount of acquired learning, and a versatility In its application, far superior to both."—Prof. J. D. Fordes: Encyc. liril., 8th ed., 1853, 900, 901: Sixtll Prelim. Dissert.

"The most clear-thinking and far-seeing mechanical philosopher of the nineteenth century, and one of its most accomplished and profound scholars. . . . Some of the merits of his works have already been mentioned; but it maybe added that they are remarkable above all for their highly philosophical spirit, and in particular by tho constancy with which they keep in view the distinction between bfings and actions.—a distinction too often lost Bight of in crude theories of physics."—Prop. W. J. M. Imp. Diet, of Univ. Biog., vi. (1868) 1409.

It might at least have been hoped that tho nation which had so long neglected a man to whom statues and altars would have been raised in earlier days, would commence, as usual, a tardy reparation at the grave: the remains of the most illustrious philosopher of his age would have been fittingly deposited in that solemn city of tho dead where repose the ashes of the great of many generations. It was not so decreed; but the faithful wife who had long reverenced his genius and esteemed his worth, erected in Westminster Abbey a monumental memorial to his name, and the hand of friendship has transmitted to future times this imperfect record of his deeds:

"Sacred to tho Memory of Thomas Young, M.D., Fellow and Foreign Secretary of the Royal Society, Member of the National Institute of France; a man alike eminent in almost every department of human learning. Patient of nnreinltted labour, endowed with tho faculty of intuitive perception ; who, bringing an equal mastery to the most abstruse investigations of letters and of science, first established tho nndnlatory theory of light, and first penetrated tho obscurity whirh hud veiled for ages the hieroglyphics of Egypt. Endeared to his friends by his domestic virtues' honoured by the world for his unrivalled acquirements, he died in tho hopes of the resurrection of the just."—Epitaph, by Hitdttm Gurncii, for tt>* meiwial tuhlst.

"April 29th, tlS2i).]—Dined at tho Athenwum. Hudson Gurney asked mo to diuo with him. He was low-spirited. Ilia 'friend Dr. Young is dying, (iiirney speaks of him as a very great man, the most learned physician and greatest mathematician of his age, and the first discoverer of the clue to the Egyptian hieroglyphics. Calling on him a few days ago, Gurney found him busy about his Egyptian Dictionary, though very ill. He is aware of bis state, but that makes him most iinxions to finish his work. 'I would not,' he said to Gurney, l live a single idle day.' "—Diary, rf-c. of Henry CraUi Robinson, ed. Bost., 1870, ii. 95.

Yonng, Hev. Thomas. 1. Essay on Humanity to Animals, 1793, 12mo. Abridged, 1809. 2. Christ's Resurrection ; a Sermon, 1811, 8vo. 3. Christ's Righteousness; a Sermon, 1811, Svo.

Young, Thomas. Practical Geometry, 1810, Svo.

Young, Thomas, of Kent. 1. Monumental Pillars, 2d ed., Lon., 1818, 12mo. 2. Asiel; or, The Young Convert Described, 12uio. 3. Three Sermons on Justification, 12mo. 4. Dialogues on Justification, 12mo. 5. Thoughts on Sanctification, 12mo. 6. Seven Sermons on the Lord's Prayer, York, 1827, 12mo.

Young, Thomas. British Literature; an Essay, with 3 wood-cuts by Bewick, Ncwc., 1827, Svo. Privately printed.

Yonng, Thomas, Superintendent of a Land Company. Narrative of a Residence on the Musquito Shore, 1839-41; with an Account of Truxillo, Ac., Lon., 1842, r. 12mo; 2d ed., 1846, (some 1847,) p. Svo.

Young, Thomas John, b. in Charleston, S.C., 1803; graduated at Yale College, 1823; ordained in the Prot. Epis. Church, 1827 ; was minister of St. Luke and Prince William, 1828-36, of St. John's Church, John's Island, 1836-47, and Assistant Rector of St. Michael's Church, Charleston, from 1847 until his death, 1852. A list of his sermons, Ac. will be found in Sprague's Annals, v., Episcopalian, 692.

Young, Townsend, LL.D. 1. Pronouncing and Etymological Spelling-Book, Dubl., 1842, 12mo; 50th 1000, by Rev. E. Groves, 1862. 12rno. 2. Outlines of the History of Ireland, 1848, 18mo; last ed., 1863, fp. Svo.

"Written with care and taste."—Lon. Athen., 1848, 677.

3. The Hand-Book to the Writing-Desk, 1867, 12mo. 4. A Hand-Book, or Introduction, to English History; from the Text of Dr. LiDgard, with Continuation to the Reign of Queen Victoria: Adapted for the Use of Schools, 1867, fp. 8vo.

Edited Baillie's Analysis of Alvary's Prosody, and Walker's Critical Dictionary.

Young, \V. Twelve Letters to Young Men on the Sentimonts of Frances Wright and Robert D. Owen, Phila., 1830, 8vo.

Young, W. Key to the Metropolitan Building Act, 18 and IS) Viet. c. 122, 4c, Lon., 1856, 12mo.

Young, W. T., Consul at Palestine. The Truth in Regard to England, by M. de Vanguyon, written in 1817; translated, Lon., 1847, 8vo.

Young, Rev. W. Torbet. Aurora; or, Rays of Light on the Road to Life, Dubl., Dec. 1865, 32mo.

Young, Walter. Vade-Mecum and Cornucopia; or, Tables of the Statutes concerning Justices; with an Epitome of Staundford's Pleas of the Crown, Lon., 1660, 8vo; 7th ed., 1663, 12mo.

Young, Rev. Walter. Essay on Rhythmical Measures; Trans. Edin. Soc, vol. ii. 55.

Young, Rev. William, d. 1757. 1. With FieldIng, Henry, Plutus, translated from Aristophanes, Lon., 1722, 8vo; with the Clouds, by R. Cumberland, the Frogs,

by C. Dunstor, and the Birds, by , 1812, 8vo. 2.

New Latin-English Dictionary and New English-Latin Dictionary, 1756, 8vo; 5th ed., 1778, 8vo; stereotyped, 1810, 8vo. Now ed., 1822, 8vo. It was attacked in An Examination of a Late English-Latin and Latin-English Dictionary, Ac, 8vo. See Lon. Mon. Rev., 1757, i. 282. Young edited R. Ainsworth's Latin Dictionary.

"Of Edward Young [author of the Night Thoughts] an anecdote which wanders among readers is not true,—that ho was Fielding's Parson Adams. The original of that famous painting was William Young, who was a clergyman. He supported an uncomfortable existence by translating for the booksellers from the Greek, and, if he did not seem to lie his own friend, was, at least, no man's enemy."—Sir Herbert Croft: Life of Edward Young, in Johnxon't Livej of the Poelt,

Young, Sir William, Bart., b. near Canterbury, 1750, and educated at Cambridge and Oxford; M.P. for St. Mawcs, 1783; F.R.S., 1786; d., whilst Governor of Tobago, 1815.

1. Some Observations of the Nature, Ac. of our New W. I. Colonies, 1764, Svo. 2. Considerations on ditto. 1764. 8vo. 3. The Spirit of Athens, Lon., 1777, 8vo; 2d ed.. The History of Athens, 1786, 4to; 3d cd., 1804, Svo. "The mere English reader will, I think, know more of Athens from this publication than from any he has yet seen; ami the classical reader who studies the Grecian historians and philosophers will henceforward study them with Mr. Young before him."—Matt.

The three editions were noticed with mingled praise and censure by Lon. Mon. Rev., 1777, i. 418; 1787, i. 457; 1806, ii. 57.

4. Observations on the Poor-Laws, 1788, 8vo. 5. Sncech on the Slave-Trade, 1791, 8vo. 6. Rights of Englishmen, 1703, Svo. 7. Account of the Black Charaibs in the Island of St. Vincent, Ac, 1795, 8vo. 8. Considerations on Poor-Houses and Work-Houses, 1796, 8vo. 9. Instructions for tho Armed Yeomanry, 1799, 8vo. 10. The West India Common-Place Book, 1807, 4to. "An authority extromely unsafe."—Edin. Rev., xxv. 322.

See, also, xi. 145, and Lon. Mon. Rev., 1808, ii. 344. In vol. iii. of Edwards's West Indies, (see Edwards, Bryan, M.P.,) Sir William published his Tour through Barhadocs, Ac in 1791-92. See, also, Taylor. Brook, LL.D., No. 4; Lon. Gent. Mag., 1815, i. 373, and 1816, ii. 632, (Obituary.)

Young, William. Speeches [in House of Assemb. N.S.] on the Mines and Minerals of Nova Scotia, 8vo.

Young, William, a descendant in the direct male line of Sir John Young, Knight, of Leny, Scotland, Chamberlain to Mary, Queen of Scots, in 1561. was b. at. Deptford, Kent, 1809, and in 1839 married in England an American lady, in consequence of which he emigrated to America, where from 1848 (with the exception of a year spent in Europe) until 1867 he edited The Albion, (New York,) of which he was the proprietor. March 17,

1868, he started, in Now York, Every Afternoon, whicli was discontinued in four weeks, after a heavy loss.

1. One Hundred Songs of P. J. de Beranger; translated, (with tho French on the opposite page,) Lon., 1847, 18mo. 2. Two Hundred Lyrical Poems of P. J. de Beranger, done into English Verse, N. York, 1850, 12tno, and (illustrated) 8vo; 2d ed., 1857, I2ino; 3d ed.,

1869, 12mo, pp. 370. Add to this Carmina Collegensia: 4 Complete Collection of American College Songs, with

History of American Colleges, by the Rev. Henry R. Waite, N. York, 1868. 3. Mathieu Ropars, Et Cetera, by an Ex-Editor, 1868,12mo. 4. The Man Who Laughs; from the French of Victor Hugo : Part I., Sea and Night; Part II., By the King's Command, 1869, 8vo. See, also, Turner, A. A., No. 1, (the galleries are those of Belmont, Sturges, Wright, Roberts, Webb, Hooy, Jacques, Cozzens, Ac.:) to which add Pictures and Painters; a Selection of Gems of Modern Art, Engraved in Line by Eminent Artists; with Descriptive Text by T.Addison Ricbards, Corresponding Secretary of the National Academy of Design, and Professor of Art in the University of the City of New York, (Deo. 1869,) 1870, 4to.

Young, William Curling. The English in China, Lon., 1840, fp. 8vo.

Young, William H. P., British Service, late State Prisoner in Portugal. Narrative of his Imprisonment and Trial; written by Himself, Lon., 1828, 8vo; 2d ed., 1833, 8vo. See Lon. Mon. Rev., 1S29, i. 31.

Young, William T. Sketch of the Life and Publio Services of General Lewis Cass, with the Pamphlot on tho Right of Search, and some of his Speeches on tho Great Political QueBtionB of tho Day, Detroit, 1852, 8vo, pp. 420; 2ded., 1852, 8vo.

"A campaign life; tells nothing—and tells it more voluminously than usual."—Hirton's Lift; of Andrew Jackson, I., xxiv.

Young, William Toy, of St. Paul's Chapol, Birmingham. 1. Seventy [-one] Sermons on the Doctrines and Duties of Christianity, consisting partly of Discourses Altered and Abridged from the Works of Eminent Divines, Birm. and Lon., 1807, 2 vols. 8vo.

*' Plain, practical, Rnd short."—Lon. Mon. Rev., 1808, ii. 325.

2. Fifty-Two Sermons on Practical Subjects, oompiled chiefly from tho Works of Eminent Divines, Birm., 2 vols. Svo.

Younge, Ann Emma de. Joy; or, New Dramatic Charades, Lon., I860, sq. lfimo.

Younge, Edward. 1. With Jkrvis, John, Reports in the Exch. and Exch. Chamber, at Law, in Equity, and in Error, 1826-30, Lon,, 1828-30, 3 vols. r. 8vo. Soo Prick. George, No. 1. 2. Reports in the Exch. in Equity, 1830-32, 1833. r. 8vo. 3. Report of Small t>. Attwo'od in Exch., 1833, r. 8vo. 4. With Collyer, John, Reports in the Exch. in Equity, 1834-42, 183646, 4 vols. r. Svo. 5. With Collykr, John, Reports of New Cases in Chancery, 1341-44, 1843-44, 2 vols. r. 8vo. See. also, Kaoi.k, F. K.

Younge, Rev. Hercules. 1. Two Critical Dissertations on Luke i. 2 and Judo 6, 1770, Svo. 2. Select Odes of Anacreon, with Critical Annotations; to which arc added Translations and Imitations of the Ancient Authors, 1802, 12uio. Posthumous.

Younge, John. See Yono, or Yonge, John.

Younger, John, of St. Boswcll's, co. of Roxburgh, Scotland. River Angling for Salmon and Trout, in the Tweed and its Tributaries, Edin., 1840, 32mo; with a Memoir of the Author, Kelso, 1861, fp. 8vo; Enlarged and Re-edited, 1804.

"The Angling-Book for Scotland,—and on all that rolates to Ashing the very highest authority."—Lon. Rev.

"To the young Trout-Fisherman we say. Get Younger's little book, and study it, and you have the whole art of Trout-Fishing. To old fishermen we can say that it is the best and most practical book upon this class of Ashing ever published."—The Field.

Also commended by Lon. Reader, Lon. Daily Rev., and Kelso Chron.

Younger, William. Brief View of the Late Troubles and Glorious Restitution of Charles II., Lon., 1660, 8vo.

Younghnsband, Israel. Directions for the Better Cultivation of Land for Flax-Seed, and for the Management of Flax, Dubl., 1764, Svo.

Youngman, William. Truth and Excellence of the Christian Revelation Demonstrated, Lon., 1834, 12mo; 2d ed., 1855, lSino. See, also, Cruden, AlexAnder, (1845, imp. 8vo;) Wardlaw, Rali-ii, D.D., No. 14.

Ypey, Adolphus, M.D. 1. Obscrvationes Physiologicoo de Motu Musculorum Voluntaria et Vitalia, Ac, Lon., 1776, 8vo. 2. Elementa Physiologim Humani Corporis, Frane., 1785 8vo.

Y utile, Major-General. Traditions Ac, respecting Sir William Wallace, collected ohiefly from Publications of a Recent Date, Edin., 1856, Svo, pp. 32. Anon.

Yule, A. Concerning the Answer of Prayer.

Yule, Alexander. See Julius, Alexander.

Yule, Captain Henry C. B., late of the Royal Engineers, Bengal. 1. Fortification: for the Use of Officers iu the Army, and Headers of Military History, Edin., Dec. 1851, 8vo; 1854, 8vo.

"One uf the heat works of its clasn."—Brit. Army Despatch.

"The best elementary book iu the English language on the subject.*'—Lon. Sun.

2. A Narrative of the Mission sent by the GovernorGeneral of India to the Court of Ava in 1855; with Notices of the Country, Government, and People, with 24 plate?, 50 wood-cuts, and 4 maps, 1858, imp. 8vo, £1 12«. 6«. A beautiful volume. Captain Yule was Secretary to the Envoy of the Mission.

"This interesting, conscientious, and well-written work."— Lon. Exam., 1856.

"A fresh, full, and luminous report."—Lon. Allien., 1858, i. 233.

Also commended by Lon. Spec, Feb. 20, 1858. See, also, Lon. Gent. Mag., 1S61. i. 557.

3. Cathay and the Way Thither: Being a Collection of Mediaeval Notices of China; Translated and Edited; with a Preliminary Essay on the Intercourse between China and the Western Nations Previous to the Dis

covery of the Cape Route, 1867, 2 vols. 8vo, (Hakluyt Boo.)

"Of many good books published during the last few years by the Ilnkluyt Society this is probably the best, nnd certainly the fullest nnd most complete. . . . The entire work is an excellent guide to the understanding of a famous episode in the history of European enterprise and discovery."—Triiimer^s and Orient. Lit. Record, June 15,1867.

4. The Travels of Marco Polo; a New English Version, with Copious Illustrative Notes, with Original Maps and other Illustrations, in prep., 1870, 8vo. See Marspf.n, William, D.C.L., No. 5; Wright, Thomas, near end.

Yule, J., M.D. Observations on the Contagious Fever now Prevalent in the City of Edinburgh, Edin., 1818.8*0.

Yule, Captain P. Remarks on the Disputed North-Western Boundary of New Brunswick, Lon., 1838, 8vo; 2d ed., 1838, 8vo.

Yule, William. Apothegms of Alee, the Son of Abo Tnlib, translated, (with the original Arabic,) Edin., 1832, 4to, lithographed on tinted paper.


/aba. N. F. Principal Features and Literature of Poland, Lon., 1856, 12mo.

Zabriskie, Abraham O., LL.D., graduated at the College of New Jersey, 1825. Reports of Cases argued and determined in the Supreme Court, and in the Court of Errors and Appeals, of the State of New Jersey, 18171855, New Brunswick and Trenton, 1S.>(1-5B, 4 vols. 8vo.

Zabriskie, F. >'. God's Battle; a Sermon, July 4, 1861, Albany, 1861, 12mo.

Zabriskie, J. C. 1.. Oration, July 4,1843, Princeton, N. Jersey, 1843. 2. The Public Land Laws of the United States, with Instructions and Decisions appertaining thereto, Enactments, Practice, Forms, and an Appendix, San Francisco, 1870, 8vo, pp. vii., 1160.

Zacharie, I., Surgeon Chiropodist. Surgical and Practical Observations on the Diseases of tho llutnan Foot, N. York, I860, 12mo.

Zachos, Rev. John C, b. in Constantinople, of Greek parentage, 1820, graduated at Kenyan College, Ohio, 1840. 1. New American Speaker, N. York, 1852, 12mo; 1857,12mo. 2. Analytic Elocution, 1861,12mo. 3. New System of Phonio Reading without Changing Orthography, Bost., 1863, pamph. 4. Phonic Primer and Reader, 1864, 12mo. He edited the Ohio Journal of Education, vol. i., 1852, and contributed* to Tho Christian Examiner. See, also, Sodt.e, Richard, Jr., No. 3.

Zadkiel the Seer. See Morrison, Lieut. R. J.: add—1. Tables to be Used in Calculating Nativities, new ed., Lon., 1850, 12mo. 2. Astronomical Ephemeris, 1859, 1860, 1861, in 1 vol. 12mo, Dec. 1858; for 1862, 1863, 1864, in 1 vol. 12mo, 1861 and 1862. 3. HandBook of Astrology, 12mo, vol. ii., 1864. 4. Almanac and Herald of Astrology, 41st year, 1871. See Lon. Reader, 180:!, ii. 3, 194, 288.

"His prophetic writings, under the pseudonym of' Zadkiel the Seer,' were bcnuri in Liverpool nearly forty yearn ago. A. a cloee Htul intelligent observer of meteorological phenomena, I.ieut. Morrison obtained great praise twenty-five years afro, when lie was an active member of the Meteorological Society. At that time his weather prophecies were frequently wonderfully correct."—Amer. Lit. tlaz., .Sept. 1, 186S, 251.

Zavarr. The Viking, an Epic Poem, with Notes, Lon., 1S49, fp. 8vo.

"This is a perfect vade-mecum of Runic song and mythology. In the poem, generally, there i^ much spirit, ami often very striking and l.eaiitiftil passages."—Lon. Lit. (Itlz., 1849, 148.

Zeigenhert, Mrs. Sophia F. 1. Abridgment of the Roman History, Lon.. 1807, 2 vols. 12mo. 2. Seabrook Village and its Inhabitants, 12mo. 3. Epitome of the History of England, 12mo.

Zeis, Victor. The Gas-Meter and its Operations, illustrated for the Benefit of the Consumer, Cin., 1866, 12ino, pp. 8.

Zeisberger, David, one of tho most excellent of men. I', in Moravia, Germany, 1721, emigrated to Georgia, 1738, and thence removed to Pennsylvania, and was one of the founders of the Moravian settlements of Bethlehem and Nazareth, and subsequently removed to Ohio; was a Moravian preacher among the Indians from 1746 until

his death, at Goshen, on the Muskingum River, Ohio, 1808. 1. Essay of a Delaware Indian and English Spelling-Book, for the Use of the Christian Indians on Muskingum River, Phila., Miller, 1776, 12ino. Very rare. Trubner's Bibl. Guide to Amer. Lit., 1859, 260, £1 16«. Second edition, 1806, 12mo; again, 1816, 12mo. 2. Ehelittonhcnk li Amemensak; Sermons to Children; Translated into the Delaware Language, 1803. 3. A Collection of Hymns for the Use of the Christian Indians of the Missions of the United Brethren in America; in the Delaware Language 1803, 12mo: 2d ed., Revised by Rev. Adam Luekenbach, Bethlehem. 1847. 4. The History of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, Ac, by the Rev. Samuel Lieberkiihn: Translated into the Delaware Indian, N. York, 1821, 12mo. 5. Verbal Diegungcn dcr Delawaren. In Vatcr's Analckten dcr Spnichenkundc, Leipzig, 1821. By an error of the editors, these conjugations are called in the Analckten Chippeway, instead of Delaware, conjugations.

Zcisherger left in MS. the following works—6. Ornmmar of the Language of the Lenni-Lenape or Delaware Indians ; Translated from the German Manuscript of the Late Rev. David Zeisbergcr by Peter Stephen Du Ponceau; with a Preface and Notes by the Translator, Phila., 1827, 4to, pp. 188, 1, (Amer. Phil. Trans., N.9., iii.)

"Cette grammaire est plus complete que cello de J. Eliot, impr. a Cambridge en 10(16, (voy. Eliot.) C'er>t, selon M. Du Ponceau, le ineilleur traite tie ce genre qu'il ait vnni Amerique: et comnie le dialeete ensoigne dans ee livre |Kisse |ioiir tin des pluscurieux qui existent, on pent dire que c'eHt nn ouvruge fort reiuarquable. — Brunei: Manuel, Sth ed., v (1864) 1581.

See, also. Jour, des Savants, Sept. 1.S2M ami Oct. 1829.

7. Onondagoische Grammatica von I). Zeisbergcr; with an English Translation by Peter S. Du Ponceau. 8. Dcutsch und Onondugoisches Wortcrbuch, von David Zeisbergcr, 7 vols. 4to. In Lib. of Amer. Phil. Soc., Phila. This is a complete German and Onondago Dictionary: the result of years of labour. 9. Onondago and German Vocabulary. 10. A Dictionary in Gertnan and Delaware. 11. Essay towards au Onondago Grammar: or, A Short Introduction to Learn tho Onondago or Macqua Tongue. 12. Short Biblical Narratives, in Delaware. 13. Phrases and Vocabularies in Delaware. 14. Delaware Glossary. 15. Vocabulary in Maqua ond Delaware. Sco Heckwelder's Narrative; Amer. Reg., v.; Allen's Amor. Biog. Diet., 3d ed., 1857, 894: Tho Life and Times of David Zcisherger, by the Rev. Edmund de Schwoiniu, Phila., 1870, 8vo.

Zell, a pseudonym. Social Influence; or, Take Care of the Boys, Phila., 1865, Kiino.

Zellar, II. The Birth of Christ, and The Iron Pen, Lon., 1846, ISmo.

Zeller, Professor. See Staihtos, H. T., No. 1.

Zeller, Professor Edward. A Lecture on the Religion and Philosophy of the Romans. 1867.

"Well spoken of. The best portion of it is that in which he drawn ;i contrast between the religions of Koine and Greece, and the extent to which the former was modified by the latter."— Amc: Lit. (laz., May 16, lstiT.

Zender, Joachim Denis Laurent, M.D., b. at

Paris, 1805, and educated at the College Royal do Louis le Grand, and at the Theological Seminary of St. Sulpice, Paris, emigrated to America as a missionary in 1828, and taught in several R. C. colleges, nnd subsequently studied medicine ; was ordained as a Protestant minister in Now York, 1844, and gathered a French congregation. 1. Anthroponomy, or Magneto-Vhysiognomico Craniology: a New System on the Magnetic Constitution of Man, Ac, Phila., 1843; 2d ed., N. York, 1850; 3d cd., 1863, pp. 99 and Appendix; 4th ed., 1869, 12mo, pp. 136. 2. Almanach et Directorium Francais des EtataUnis, 12mo, annually, 1848-68. 3. ABECEDAIRE Fraucais-Anglais illustrc suivi d'un Vocahulaire Pittoresque, contcnant environ 500 vignettes, 6th cd., 1853, 12uio, pp. 60. 4. Ouide des Etats-Unis, pour les Cbemins de Fer, la Navigation, les Lois et les Institutions de l'Ame>ique du Nord, 1853, 12mo. Also large phrenological charts, in English, French, and Spanish.

Zenger, John Peter, a native of Germany, commenced printing in the city of New York in 1726, and Nov. 5, (Oct. 5 on No. 1 is an error,) 1733, established the New York Weekly Journal, continued by him until his death in 1746, by his widow until 17 IS, and by his son until about 1752. The title was revived by John Iloltin 1766. He was arrested, Nov. 17,1734,for "printing and publishing several seditious libols" in the New York Weekly Journal, Nos. 7, 47, 48, and 49; tried in 1735, and defended by Andrew Hamilton, of Philadelphia, who contended, contrary to the charge of the benoh, that the jury had a right to judge of the law as well as the fact.—the truth of the libel as well as the publication; and acquitted, to the great delight of the people and deep disgust of the court. See his Trial, 4th ed., Lon., 1738, 4to, (and Remarks on, 1738, 4to;j Boston, 1733, 4to; Lon., 1750, 8vo; N.York, 1751, fol.; Lon., 1752, 8vo; Lancaster, 1756. fol.; Lon., (with Trial of William Owen,) 1764, 8vo; N. York, 1770, 4to; Bost., 1799, 4to. A copy of the Trial, Lon., 173S, 4to, was sold at T. II. Morrcll's sale. Nov. 1868, 728, for $10; same edition, J. A. Rice's sale, Mar. 1870, 2648, $8.75; edit. Lancaster, 1756, fol., T. II. Morrell, 1869, 513, full purple Levant morocco by Matthews, rich inside borders, $100; ami 364, same sale, The Charter of the City of Now York, printed by Zenger, full crimson Levant morocco, rich gilt back, and inside borders, by Matthews, $100. See, also, Holmes's Annals; Thomas's Hist, of Printing, Index; Cat. of N. York State Lib., 1856, 827.

"ftouverneur Morris,Instead of dating American liberty from the Stamp Art. traced it to tin1 prosecution of Peter Zenger, a printer in the colony of New York, fur nil allege.) lib*1!; because that event revealed the philosophy of freedom both of thought and speech, as inborn human ri^'lit. so nobly set forth in Milton's treatise on Unlicensed Printing."—H. T. Tockershm: America and hfr Comm-ntatnri, 18o4, 7.

Zenner, Gustav. Treatise on Valve-Gears, Lon., I860, 8vo.

Zentner, L. A Select Collection of Landscapes from tho Best Old Masters; to which arc added Portraits of the Artists and a Short Biographical Account of each, (in French and English,) with 50 lino engravings and 36 portraits, Lon., 1791, ob. fol. See Thask, J.

/n Hi. G. G. Goethe's Faust, with Critical and Explanatory Notes, Lon., 1850, p. 8vo.

Zero. A Succinct View of tho American Contest, Ac.; First Published in 1778, Ac, Lon., 8vo, pp. 35. The date 1782 is at the end of tho preface.

Zcnblin, D. Outlines of Letter-Writing, Cin., 1859.

Zeuner, Charle§. 1. American Harp, Bost. 2. Aneient Lyre. 3. Musical Manual.

Ziegler, George J., a native of Longacoming, N. Jersey, graduated M.D. at tho University of Pcnna., 1850. 1. Zoo-adynamia, Phila., 1850, 8vo. 2. Researches on the Medical Properties and Applications of Nitrous Oxide, Protoxide of Nitrogen, or Laughing Gas, 1865, 12mo, pp. 66. Contributed to N. Jersey Med. Reporter, Bost. Med. and Surg. Jour., Anier. Jour, of Med. Sci., Dental News Letter, Ac, and is one of the editors of the Dental Cosmos.

Ziegler, H. II. I. A Series of Views in Norway, with the Costumes of the Peasants, Lithographed; 25 Plates, with descriptive letter-press,- Lon., imp. fol., £5 5*.; col'd, £10 10*. 2. Royal Lodges in Windsor Great Park; from Drawings executed by L. Hag he, in Lithography, 1839, fol., £1 lis. 6rf. ; col'd, £3 3..

Ziegler, Henry, D.D., Lutheran, of Selinsgrove, Penna. Inaugural Address as Professor in the Missionary Institute, 1353, Svo. Contributor to Evangel. Hev.

Zillwood, J. <). 1. XVI. Occasional Sermons for Prisoners, Ac, Dorches., 1829, 12mo. 2. Book of' Psalms, with Notes, Ac, Lon., 1855, 2 vols. Svo. 3. The Promised Rest; a Sermon, 1857, 12mo.

Zincke, Rev. Foster Barham, Vicar of Wberstcad, near Ipswich, and Chaplain-in-Ordinary to the Queen, was in 1840 ordained to tho curacy of Andovor, Hampshire, where he romainod for a year. 1. Somo Thoughts about tho School of tho Future; or, A Sketch of the Solution which Time appears to be preparing for tho Different Educational Questions of tho Day, Lon., 1852, p. 8vo.

"A largo amount of most valuable matter."—Lon. Chris. Tints.

2. The Duty and Discipline of Extemporary Preaching, 1866, p. 8vo; 2d ed. in a few months, and republished, N. York, Oct. 1867, Svo. See A Treatise on Homiletics, by Daniel P. Kidder, D.D., N. York, 1868, llimo, 452,475. 3. Last Winter in the United States: being Table-Talk collected during a Tour through the Late Southern Confederation, the Far West, the Kooky Mountains, Ac, Lon., Nov. 18S3, p. Svo.

Mr. Zincke remarks,

"It is a remarkable fact that the English spoken in Amorica is not only very pure, but also is spoken witli equal purity by all classes. Tliis, in somo measure, of course, results from the success of their educational efforts, and from the Diet which arises out of it, that they are, almost to a man, a nation of readers. But not only Is it the same language, without vulgarisms, in tho mouth of all classes, but it is the same language, without any dialectical differences, over tho whole continent."

Zippel, Rev. J. G. Tho World's Crisis, and the Restitution of All Things, Lon., 1854, p. Svo.

Ziskn, Leopold. Hand-Book of the Four Eloments of Ventilation, Lon., 1850, r. 8vo.

Zornlin, Miss Rosina M. 1. What is a Comet, Papa? Lon., 1335. 2. Recreations in Phvsical Geography, 1840, fp. 8vo; 1S48, fp. 8vo; 1854, 'fp. 8vo. 3. Recreations in Geology, 2d cd., 1841, fp. 8vo; 3d ed., 1852, fp. Svo. 4. The Bible Narrative, Chronologically Arranged, new ed., 1342, 12mo: 4th ed., 1855, 12mo. 5. What is a Voltaic Battery? 1842, 12mo. See Lon. Athen., 1842, 833. 6. Tho World of Waters; or, Recreations in Hydrology, 1843, fp. Svo; 1844, fp. Svo. See Lon. Athen., 1843, 712. 7. Physical Geography for Families and Schools, 1851. 21tno; Revised, with Additions, by William L. Gage, Master of the Taunton High School, Bost., 1855, 12ino. Commended by N. Amer. Rev., lxxxii. 231. 8. Outlines of Geology, Lon., 1852, 18mo. 9. Sandford and Merton, by Thomas Day; Abridged and Modernized, ISmo.

Zotti, Romualdo. 1. Gerusalemme Liherata di Torquato Tasso, con Note, Ac, Lon., 1806, 2 vols. !2mo; 1812, 2 vols. 12mo; 1820, 2 vols. 12mo; 1812, 2 vols. 8vo. Commenced by Sig. Nardini. Sco Lon. Mon. Rev., 1806, iii. 439. 2. La Divina Comraedia di Dante Alighieri, with Explanatory Notes, 1808, 3 vols. 18rao; 1.320, 3 vols. 12mo. 3. Le Rime di Francesco Petrarca. illustrate di Noto di varj Comcntatori scclte cfl abbreviate, 1311, 3 vols. 12mo. 4. Metastasio, Abate Pictro, Opere, illustrate di Note e Dilucidazioni Grammatical'!, 1813, 6 vols. 12mo. Sotheby's, in 1821, £2. 5. Teatroltaliano, o sia Scclta di Commedie o Tragedio di buoni Autnri, 1815, 3 vols. 12rno; 1822,3 vols. 12mo. 6. Scclta di Tragedio di AIneri, 1819, 2 vols. 12mo. 7. Grammaire Italienne de Vencroni, Revue, Ac, 1323, 12nio: 1831, 12mo. Grammaire Italienne ct Francaiso do Romualdo Zotti, Ac; Revue, Ac par P.-Z. E. Vcroni. 1813, 12mo; 1819,; 1854, 12mo; 1S62, 12rao. 8. Clef des Themes de la Grammaire Italienne, 1824. 12mo: 1827. 12ino: 1816, 12mo. 9. Nouveau Vocabulairo Francois, Anglois ot Italien, 4th ed., by P. Z. E. Vcroni, 1327, 12mo; 1338, 12mo.

Zonch, Rev. Henry, Justice of tho Peace, and brother of Thomas Zouch, D.D., [infra.) d. 1795. 1. Remarks on the Late Resolutions of the Houso of Commons on the Poor-Laws, Ac, Lon., 1776, 8vo. 2. Observations on a Bill in Parliament on Imprisonment, Ac, 1779, 8vo. 3. A Few Words on Behalf of tho Poor, 1782, 4to. Other publications. Seo Lon. Gent. Mag, 1795, i. 534, and (by Rev. T. Zouch) ii. 700, (Obituarv;) H. Walpole's Letters, ed. 1861, iii. 156, 171, 177, 184, 193. 273 tt «eo.

Zonch, Richard, b. at Ansley, Wiltshire. 1590, and chosen Fellow of New College, Oxford, 1609; became B.C.L., 1614, D.C.L., 1619, Regius Professor of Law at Oxford, 1620; M.P. for Hvtho, 1621: Chancellor of tho Diocese of Oxford, and Principal of St. Alhan's Hall, 1625; Judge of the High Court of Admiralty, 1641; in 1648 submitted to the Parliamentary Visitors, and was allowed to retain his university appointments till the Restoration, when he was reinstated as Judge of the Admiralty, and nominated a commissioner for regulating the University; d. March 1, 1660.

1. The Dove; or, Passages of Cosmography; a Poem, Lon., 1613, 8vo.

"A curious littlo volume, which I believe to be unique," Ac. —Helot's Artec, of Scarce Books, ii. 72.

"From this thin volume, of which not more than one or two copieg are kuown to exist," Ac.—Wranqfiam: Memoir of Thomas Zouch, D.D.

Payne A Foss's Cat., 1816, £14 14*.; Hibbert, 8681, £1 6».; Bindley, Pt. 4, 90S, £8; Lloyd, 1266, £12 5*.; Heber, Pt. 4, 2999, £5 10».; Skegg, 2055, £7.2*. ««/.; Bright, £2 19*. New edition, with Memoir and Notes by Richard Walker, B.D., a Descendant, Fellow of Magd. Coll., Oxford, Oxf., 1839, 8vo. Noticed, with extracts, in Lon. Gent. Mag., 1840, ii. 47. See, al?o, extracts in Bliss's Wood's Athcn. Oxon., iii. 513. The Dove "is a concise geographical description of three quarters of the world, Asia, Africa, and Europe, in the manner of Dionysius." 2. Elcmenta JuHsprudcntise, Definitionibus, Regulis et Scntentiis selectionibus Juris Civilis illustrata; acccsserunt Descriptioncs Juris et Judicii, Sacra, Militaris et Maritimi, 1629, 8vo; 1636, 4to; 1639, 8vo; Lugd. Bat., 1652, 8vo; Hag. Com., 1665, 12mo; AmsteL, 1681, 12mo.

** He [Bishop R. Sanderson] told him, also, the learned civilian Dr. Zouch had written 'Element* Jurisprudent ire,' which he thought he could also say without book, and that no wise man could read it too often."—Life of Sanderson, in Chalmers's Biog. Diet., xxvif. 119.

"A mere epitome, but neatly executed, of the principal heads of the Roman law, and nearly in it* own words."—Hall Am: Lit. Hist, of Europe, 4th ed., 1854, ii. 543.

3. Descriptio Juris et Judicii Feudalis, secundum Consuetudines Mediolani et Normannim, pro Introduotione ad Jurisprudentiam Anglicanam, Oxon., 1634, 8vo; 1636, 8vo. 4. Descriptio Juris et Judicii Temporalis, secundum Consuetudines Feudalcs ct Normannices, 1636, 4to. See No. 5. 5. Descriptio Juris et Juridicii Ecclcsiastici secundum Canones et Constitutions Anglicanas, 1636, 4to. This and No. 4 were republished in same vol. with Mockrt. Richard, 1683, 8vo. 6. The Bop his tor; a Comedy, Lon., 1639, 4to. Anon. 7. Descriptiones Juris et Judicii Sacri: Juris et Judicii Militaris; ct Juris et Judicii Maritimi, Oxon., 1640, 4to; Lugd. Bat. and Amstel., 1652, 8vo. 8. Juris et Judicii Fecialis, sive Juris inter Gen tea, et Qtuestionum de eodem Explicatio, Ac, Oxon., 1650, 4to; Hag. Com., 1659, 12mo.

"The author copies, and abridges a good deal from, Qrotius, making constant reference to the Roman Law as a sort of universal Code. He is, however, allowed to have bt'en the first writer who combined international, natural, and positive law, which he illustrates by historical examples."—Marvin's Leg. Bibt.y 759.

See, also, Wheaton's Hist. L. N., 100; Manning's L. N., 27; Red. L. N., 40.

9. Cases and Questions resolved in the Civil Law, Oxf., 1652, 8vo. 10. Solutio Quaestionis Veteris et Nova*; sivo do Legati delinqucntis Judico competento Dissertatio, 1657, 8vo; Lon., 1717, 8vo; cum Notis et Animadversionibus Christiani Henclli, ColoniaB ad Sprevum, 1669, 12mo. With Marselaer's Legatus. This is on the case of Don Pantaleon Sa, brother of the Portuguese ambassador: he was executed for murder. 11. Eruditionis ingenute Specimina, scilicet Artium, Logicsc, Dialectics, Ac, Oxon., 1657, 8vo. 12. Qumstionum Juris Civilis Centuria, in decern Classes distributa, 1660, 8vo; 3d ed., Lon., 1682, 12mo.

"This work was not desiant-d for an authority for Courts, but aa a disputation for the schools."—2 Phil. Rep., 268.

13. The Jurisdiction of the Admiralty of England asserted against Sir Edward Coke's Articuli Admiralitatis, in the 22d Chapter of his Jurisdiction of Courts, 1663, 8vo. Posthumous: published by Sir Timothy Baldwin. Third ed., 1685, 8vo. Also published in same vol. with Malynes's Lex Mercatoria, 1686, fol. There is also ascribed to Zouch—14. Specimen Qutestionum Juris Civilis, cum Designatione Authorum, Oxon., 1653, 4to. Anon. Pee, also, Savdersos, Robkrt, D.D.

"Ho was an exat-t artist, a subtile logician, expert historian, and for the knowledge in. and prnctire of, the civil l:iw, the chief person of his time, as his work*, much esteemed beyond the seas, (where several of them are reprinted,) partly testify. . . . Aa his birth was noble, so was his bchnvimir and discourse; and as personable and handsome, so naturally sweet, pleasing, and affable. . . . The living puudect of the law.'—Wood: Allien.

Oxon., Bliss's ed., Iii. 512. See, also, Biog. Brit.; Coote's Cat. of Civilians.

Zouch, Thomas, D.D., b. near Wakefield, Yorkshire, 1737; entered Trinity College, Cambridge, 1757, was chosen Fellow, 1763, and appointed Assistant Tutor; Rector of Wycliffe, North Riding of Yorkshire, 1770; Deputy Commissary of the Archdeaconry of Richmond, 1791; Chaplain to the Master of the Rolls, and Rector of Scrayingham, 1793; Prebendary of Durham, 1805; declined the bishopric of Carlisle, 1808; d. Dec. 17, 1815.

1. The Crucifixion; a Seaton Prize Poem, Cant., 1765, 4to. 2. An Inquiry into the Prophetic Character of the Romans, as described in Daniel viit. 23-25, Newc, 1792, 8vo. 3. The Good School-Master, (Rev. John Clarke,) Lon., 1798, 4to. 4. Attempt to Iilustrato 6ome of the Prophecies of the Old and New Testament, 1800, 12mo. Commended. 5. Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Sir Philip Sidney, York, 1808, 4to; 2d ed.t 1S09, 4to.

"Dr. Zouch has the merit of giving a luminous disposition to his scanty materials. . . . We find in this work too m;iny of these lax and general descriptions, which delineate nothing that is individual.''—Isaac D'israeli: Lon. Quar. iter., i. (1809) 78, 79.

"A complete and well-written lifo of the most blameless hero that decorates the annals of our country."—Lon. Mon. Rev.t 1S09. il. 337.

"This work, ... if it did not fall still-born from the press, at least disappointed the well-founded expectations of the curious and learned."—Dibdin's Lib. C&mp., 2d «*d.. 1825, 560. See, also, 391 ; Southey's Selections of Letters, ii. 123.

6. Memoir of the Life of John Sudbury, D.D., Dean of Durham, 1808, 4to. He also published An Address, Discourse, single sermons, and two Odes on Peace and War, 1795. See, also, Walto.v, Isaac: Editions Of Walton's Lives, Ac, and infra. The Works of the Rev. Thomas Zouch, D.D., with a Memoir by the Rev. Francis Wrangham, York, 1820, 2 vols. 8vo. Contents: Good School-Master, vol. ii.; Lifo of Elijah, vol. ii.; Life of Zouch, vol. L; Lonsdale, Lord, vol. ii.: Sermons, vol. i.; Sidneiana, vol. ii.; Sketches of Yorkshire Diography, vol. ii.; Sudbury, John, vol. ii. See a biographical notice of Zouch in Lon. Gent. Mag., 1S16, i. 84.

"One day I dined with Dr. Zouch, who wrote the Life of Sir P. Sidney. I never saw a g'-ntler-minded man; the few sentences of bigotry which he hits written must have cost him strange efforts to bring forth, for I do not think a harsh expression could ever pass his lips, nor a harsh feeling ever enter his heart."—Robert Southey to Lieutenant Southey, March 14, 1809: Southey's Life and Corresp., eh. xv.

Zubly, John Joachim, D.D., b. at St. Gall, Switzerland, Aug. 27, 1724, and ordained 1744, took charge of (he Independent Presbyterian Church of Savannah, Georgia, 1700; was a delegate from Georgia to the Constitutional Congress, 1775-76, but opposed separation from England, and returned to Savannah, which his unpopularity forced him to leave; d. in S. Carolina, July 23, 1781, and was buried in Savannah.

1. The Real Christian's Hope in Death, Ac; with a Preface by the Rev. Richard Clarke, Charlestown, 1756, 12mo. 2. Sermon on the Repeal of the Stamp Act, Savannah, 1766, 8vo. 3. An Humble Enquiry into the Nature of the Dependency of the American Colonies upon the PaVliament of Great Britain, and the Right of Parliament to lay Taxes on the said Colonics; by a Freeholder of South Carolina, (Charleston?) 1769, 4to, pp. 26. 4. Sermon on the Value of that Faith without which it is impossible to Please God, 1772. 5. Sermon on the Death of J. Osgood, of Midway, 1773. 6. The Law of Liberty ; a Sermon on American Affairs, preached at the Opening of the Provincial Congress of Georgia, Ac, Phila., 1775, 8vo; Lon., 1775, 8vo, pp. 74; Phila., 1778, 8vo.

"Warm for tho Congress, hut sensible. Dr. Zuhly is a man of ability, nnd a good writer: witness, also, his rational and pathetic address to I*ord Dartmouth, prefixed to this discourse" —Lon. Mon. Rev., Feb. 1776,167.

See Spraguo's Annals, iii., Presbyterian, 219; Gordon, ii. 75; Georgia Analytic Repoa., i. 49. Somo of Zubly's descendants were recently living in Savannah, (1870.)

Zuccani, E. Private Tariff of Silvered PlateGlass. Lon.. 1852, 18mo.

Zuccari, Carlo. True Method of Playing an Adagio: Adapted for those who Study the Violin, Lon., ». «., oh. fol. With Pasquali, Niccolo, Art of Fingering the Harpsichord.

Znndel, John, formerly Organist of St. Ann's Church, St. Petersburg, and since Organist of St. George's Church, New York, and Plymouth Church, Brooklyn.

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