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stead of printing Wynton's manuscript (nine chapters) as he found it,

"Mr. Macpherson therefore in his edition has suppressed all the extraneous and foreign appendages, only preserving the metrical contents of tho chapters, by which the reader may know the nature of what is withheld; and taking care that nothing which relates to the British islands, whether true or fabulous, Is overlooked. It is not likely that any future editor of Wyntown will adopt a different plan, [wo hope otherwise ;] so that those parts which Mr. Macpherson has omitted may be considered as having commenced the undisturbed sleep of oblivion." —Chambers and Thomson's Biog. Diet, of Em. Scots., ed. 1855, iv. 4W.

Let us have Wyntown's whole story, from the creation and the birth of Cain to the death of the Duke of Albany. His Cronykil, which is in couplets, chiefly of eight syllables, though lines of ton and others of six syllables frequently occur, was undertaken at the suggestion of an ancestor of the Earls of Wemyss:

"This tretys symplly I made at the instaus of a larde That hade my serwys in his warde, Schyr Ihone of the Wemys be rycht name, An- honest knycht and of gudo fame.** *' In Wyntoun's Chronicle the historian may find what, for want of more ancient records, which have long ago perished, wo must now consider as the original account* of many transactions, and also many events related from his own knowledge or the reports of eye-witnesses. His faithful adherence to his authorities appears from comparing his accounts wit)) unquestionable vouchers, such as the Firdera Anglise, and the existing remains of the ' Register of the Priory of St. Andrews,'—that venerahlo monument of ancient Scottish history and antiquities, generally coeval with the facts recorded in it,—whence lie has given large extracts almost literally translated."—David Macpqersox: Preface to the Cronykil. »

See, also, Macphkrsox, David, No. 1. Macpherson based his edition on the royal MS. in the British Museum, but he consulted other MSS. in that institution and in the Advocates' Library. There are also other MSS. extant, e.g. one in the Lansdowne collection, (lately added to the British Museum,) and one in the library of Captain Weymss of Wemyss,—and who has a better right to it?

Selden, Pinkerton, Hales, Ruddiman, (in his edition of Buchanan, Inncs, (in his Critical Essay on the Ancient Inhabitants of Scotland,) and Sir Walter Scott, (in his narrative poems,) give evidence of their knowledge of the pages of Andrew of Wyntoune. See, also, Mackenzie's Scotch Writers; David Irving's Scotch Poets; Ellis's Specimens.

Wynyard, Montagu John, Rector of St. Martin's and West Rounton, Yorkshire. Sermons [34] on Christian Duties, Lon.. 1832. Svo.

Wyon, Frederick W, 1. Poems, Lon., 1859, fp. 8vo, pp. 1-44. 2. Edwin and Ethelburga; a Drama, 1860, fp. Svo.

"The language of the plav is as simple as that of the Prologue."— Lon. Athen., 1861, I. 605.

Wyon, Thomas, Chief Engraver of the Royal Mint, was b. at Birmingham, 1792, d. near Hastings, 1817. See Memoir of him, and account of his labours, in Lon. Gent. Mag., 1818, i. 179, (by Mr. Sainthill,) 199, 607, ii. 122. and Olla Podrida, 22.

Wyon, William, cousin of the preceding, and also Chief Engraver of the Royal Mint, was b. at Birmingham, 1795, and d. at Brighton, 1851. See Memoir of the Life and Works of William Wyon, Esq., A.R.A., Chief Engraver of the Roval Mint, bv Nicholas Carlisle, Esq., D.C.L., F.R.S., Ac. Ac, Lon., 1837, Svo: privately printed, (reviewed in Lon. Gent. Mag., 1837, i. 389, and Lon. Lit. Gas., 1837, 189;) Lon. Gent. Mag., with portrait, 1851, ii. 609: William Wyon and his works.

Wyrley, or Wirley, William, a native of Leicestershire, who resided in his earlier years with Sampson Erdeswicke, was Rouge-Croix Pursuivant of Arms from May 15, 1604, until his death, Feb. 1617-18.

The Trve Vse of Armorie, Bhewed by Historie, and

flainly proued by Example, Ac, Lon., 1592, 4to, pp. 62. Bibl. Anglo-Poet., £7 7s.; Roxburghe, 3334, £4 14«. 6a\: Currer, 2606, raor., £3 18*. New ed., 1853, sm. 4to, 75 copies, 4s. 6 a*.; 1. p., 4to, 25 copies, 9*. In his Antient Usage of Bearing Arms, 1682, 12mo, pp. 6—46, Dugdale republishes a part of this tract, and ascribes it, on the authority of Burton, author of the History of Leicestershire, (who had the story from Erdeswicke, and told it to Dugdale,) to Erdeswicke. But Wood, who knew Wyrley well, tells us Erdeswicke "was oftentimes crazed," and warns us not to believe him. At the end of the Trve Vse of Armorie, which occupies but 28 pages, are two poems by Wyrley, entitled Lord Chandos, and Capital! de Buz. "These compositions are dull, creeping, historical narratives,

that never seem to rise to the spirit or liarmony of poetry ; and I will confess that I never could exert the patience to wade entirely through them."—Sir S. E. Dry Dots: Ifnllips*s Tfieatrum Pott. Anglic, 333, (o. v.)

"This very dull and wearisome performance, of more than 160 quarto pages, has been called ' a very valuable tract,' (Cens. Lit., v. 70;) but it really possesses no merit of a technical kind, and the two long poems of which it mainly consists are about the worst performances in verso that appeared at a date remarkable for the excellence of its poetry."—-J. P. Collier: -4cc(. of Early Eng. Lit., 1866, vol. ii.

See, also, Cens. Lit., i. 149,150; Bliss's Wood's Athen. Oxon., ii. 217; Noble's College of Arms; Moule's Bibl. Herald., xl. 216. Wyrley left collections, afterwards used by his friend William Burton, for a History of Leioestershire.

Wyse, Francis, brother of Sir Thomas Wyse. (infra.) I. Federalism,—its Inapplicability to the Wants and Necessities of the Country, Dubl. and Lon., 1844, 8vo, pp. 46.

"Exceedingly creditable to the good sense, talents, and patriotism of the writer."—Lon. Quar. Rev., ixxv. 225.

2. America, its Realities and Resources, Ac, Lon., 1846, 3 vols. 8vo.

"It is uncandid, illiberal, unfair,—not occasionally, but systematically. . . . He seems to look at every thing American witli the eye not merely of prejudice, but of dislike—deeply rooted and long confirmed."—Lon. Athen., IK46, 884.

"Mr. Wyse's book far exceeds all recent hooks on America in the amount of information it conveys, and the importance of the subjects of which it treats, which must recommend it to men of business and intending emigrants as well as to political inquirers."—Lon. M. Chron.

Wyse, John, a Roman Catholic priest. Manual of the Confraternity of La Salctte; comprising Every Information concerning La Salette, with Devotions for the Confraternities established in England, Lon., 1S56, fp. 8vo. Censured by Edin. Rev., July, 1857, art. i.

Wyse, let. Hon. Thomas, K.C.B., eldest son of Thomas Wyse, of the Manor of St. John, near Waterford, b. 1791, was educated at Stonyhurst, and at Trinity College, Dublin, where ho obtained honours; entered as a student at Lincoln's Inn, but was not called to the Bar; married in 1821 the daughter of Lucien Bonaparte, Prince of Canino, and separated from her in 1828; M.P. for Tipperary, 1830-32, and for Watorford City, 183547; a Lord of the Treasury, 1839-41; Joint Secretary to the Board of Control, 1846-49; appointed MinisterPlenipotentiary at Athens, 1849, (on which occasion he was made a Privy Councillor,) and d. there, April 15, 1862.

1. Historical Sketch of the Late Catholic Association of Ireland, Lon., 1829, 2 vols. 8vo. See Lon. Quar. Rev., lxvii. 118-171: Romanism in Ireland. 2. Education Reform; or, The Necessity of a National System of Education: vol. i., 1837, 8vo.

"It is the production of a man who unites tlio character of a statesman with that of a philosopher,—who lias corrected theory by practice, and tested the results of thought by experience and observation."—Lon. Athen., 1837, 114.

See, also, Education Reform: a Review of Wyse on the Necessity of a National System of Education, by B. F. Foster, N. York, 1837, 8vo. The neglect of a national system of education is a reproach to Great Britain. 3. The History of King Leir and his Three Daughters, from the Original Anglo-Saxon, Hertford, 8vo.

4. Little Red Riding-Hood: a Drama, in Five Acts; Translated from the German of Ludwig Tieck, with Illustrations, fp. 4to. He also published Oriental Sketches, Walks in Rome, and many articles in periodicals. Since his death has appeared—5. An Excursion in the Peloponnesus in the Year 1858; Edited by his Niece, Wimfrede M. Wyse, with Illustrations, Lon.. Day «fc Son, 1865, 2 vols. sup. r. 8vo, pp. xxvi., 657, £3 3*.

''To Sir Thomas Wyse was committed the ungrateful task of collecting information as to what really were the financial resources of Greece. He travelled in safety, at all events, and his diary is not at all discouraging."—Lon. Reader, 1865, ii. 423.

Wythe, George, b. in BHiabeth City co., Virginia, 1725, was a member of the Continental Congress, 1775, and a signer of the Declaration of Independence, 1776; one of the committee to revise the laws of Virginia, 1776-79; Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates, 1777; Judge of the High Court of Chancery of Virginia, 1777 ; and subsequently appointed sole Chancellor, which office he held for more than twenty years, until his death, June 8, 1806.

Decisions of Cases in Virginia by the High Court of Chancery: with Remarks upon Decrees by the Court of Appeals reversing some of those Decisions, Richmond, 1795, fol. See 4 Callis, Rep., 14. Second and only Complete Edition, with a Memoir of the Author, by B. B. Minor, containing References to Cues in Pari Materia, and an Essay on Lapse Joint Tenants and Tenants in Common, 4c., by William Green, 1852, 8vo.

44 Containing many Tery learned notes by Mr. Green. No American Reporter lias ever been so learnedly and carefully edited."— Wallact'x Kfp., Sd ed., 1855, 348, n.

See Life of Wythe (by William Rudolph Smith) in Sanderson's Lives of the Signers; Jefferson's Writings, passim; Oriswold's Rcpub. Court, ed. 1858, 67, 68, 69, 232, 275; Randall's Life of Jefferson, i. 1858, 30, 185; Grigsby's Discourse on Governor Tazewell, 1860, 84; Jefferson, Thomas, {supra.)

44No man ever left behind him a character more venerated than George Wythe. His virtue was of the purest tint, his integrity inflexible, and his justice exact. . . . Such was George Wythe, the honour of his own and the model of future times."— Thomas Jeffkkso.n: from notes made in 1820 for a biography of Wythe.

This is high testimony from a pupil and a friend.

Wythe, Rev. VV. W. Germs lor Sermons, Phila., 1869, I2mo, pp. 219.

What an excellent thing it would be if preachers would occasionally, at least, (and avowedly,) favour us with some of the best of the many good sermons in which the divinity of Great Britain is so rich, instead of their own compositions!

Wyther, George. See Wither, George.

Wythers, Fabinii. See Withers, Fabias.

Wythers, George. See Withers, George.

Wythers, Stephen. Translation from the French of Calvin's Treatise on Saints' Bodies and other Reliqucs, 4e., Lou., 1561, 16mo.

Wythes, Rev. Joseph, M.D. 1. The Microscopist: a Complete'Manual on the Use of the Microscope, Phila., 1850, 12tno; 2d cd., 1853, 12mo. 2. Curiosities of the Microscope, 1852, sq. 16mo. 3. Physician's Pocket Dose and Symptom Book, 1852, 2-1 mo; 8th ed., 1869.

Wy'thorne, Thomas. Songs for Five Voyccs, with the Musical Notes, now newly published in Five Parts, I.nil., John Daye, 1571, sm. ob. 4to. Pickering, Pt. 1, title and some leaves MS., £1.

Wyvill, Sir Christopher. 1. Certnine Serious Thoughts, (religious poems,) I.on., 1647, sm. 8vo. Utterson, in 1852, £2. Noticed in Cens. Lit., 1st ed«, vii. 262, where it is ascribed to C. Warwick. 2. The Pretensions of the Triple Crown Examined, 4c, 1672, 8vo.

Wyvill, or Wyvell, Christopher, Dean of Kipon, 1686, published five Bingle sermons, 1685-96.

Wyvill, Christopher, Rector of Black Notley, Essex. 1. Political Papers, chiefly representing the Attempt of the County of York, 4c. to attempt a Reformation of the Parliament of Great Britain, Lon., 1794—

1808, 6 vols. 8vo. 2. Intolerance the Disgrace of Christians, not the Fault of their Religion, 1809, 8vo; 2d ed.,

1809, 8vo. Censured by Lon. Quar. Rev., ii. 301. 3. Political and Historical Arguments proving the Necessity of Parliamentary Reform, 1811, 2 vols. 8vo. See Yate, Walter Honeywoob, No. 3; Yates, J. A., No. 2. He published other political treatises, 4c, (o. c. in Watt's Bibl. Brit.;) and after his death appeared—4. Letters on the Subject of Universal Toleration; from Original Correspondence of the Late Christopher Wyvill; with an Appendix by George Harrison, 1825, 8vo.

44 Wyvill Is so stupid that he cannot even write English; and the first York Association paper, which is written by Wyvill, ii neither sense nor grammar."—Horace Walpole: H alpoliana, 91, and H'alpole's Letters, ed. 1861, viii. 455, n.

See, also, 178, and vii. 343, 347, n., 353.

Wyvill, Fanny Susan. 1. Pansics: Poems, Lon., 1861, fp. Mil 2. Love and Mammon, and other Poems, 1863, fp. 8vo.

44 This volume of Poems is far beyond the average of those which descend in shoals upon the reluctant critic."—Ltm. Critic, 1863.

Wyvill, Richard Augustus, late Major of the 3d Veteran Battalion. Sketch of his Late Military Life; with Descriptions of Various Parts of the World in which he has been Stationed, 4c, Lon., 1820, 8vo. See Lon. Mon. Rev., 1821, i. 445.

WWilli4, or Wyvill, John. Sermon, Lu. xxiv. 36, Lon., 1713, 4to.

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Xarilfa's Poems, Phila., 1870, or. 8vo, pp. 2fi2. Comprises about 150 poems and sonnets.

Xt'iios, Stefanos, a native of Greece, for many years past a resident of London. 1. The Devil in Turkey; or, Scenes in Constantinople; Translated from the Author's Unpublished Greek Manuscriptby Henry Corpc, Lon., E. Wilson, I860, 3 vols. p. 8vo.

"Dramatic, ingenious anil inventive."—Lon. Lit. Gat., 1850, 763.

'*A rich jumble of materials, good and bad."—Lon. At?ien.t 1850, 1117.

2. H HfKJif T?/c E/aj/vwo/c En-avaoraofwf, Ijtoi Ikt/vui ev EAAao*: a~o rov Erouf 18U1-28, [i.e. The Heroine of the Greek Revolution; or, Scenes in Greece from the Year 1?*21-2H,] .Mil, Lou., published by the author. It should be read in connection with Tricoupi's History,


"A modern Greek historical novo], written by a Greek, printed and published in Loudon, is a valuable literary curiosity, aud should be secured by tin1 collector. Mr. Xenos uccasioniitly approaches the ancient lannuane very closely, and endeavours to give that rhetorical turn aud make use of those concise participle forniH which characterize the ancient language."—Lon. Athrn.t 1861, ii. 508.

3. KasLaud West: a Diplomatic History of the Annexation of the Ionian Islands to the Kingdom of Greece; Accompanied by a Translation of the De

spatches exchanged between the Greek Government and its Plenipotentiary at London, and a Collection of the Principal Treaties, Conventions, and Protocols, concerning the Ionian Islands and Greece, concluded between 1797 and 1864, Lon., Triibner. 18R5, sup. r. 8vo, pp. iv., 303.

"In no sense of the word does it deserve the name of a history. The writing is good, but the statements are undeserving of implicit credence. The really valuable portion of it in that wherein all the diplomatic correspondence and other important documents are, given at length."—Lon. Reader, 1805, i. 391.

Acres, John* An Address to the Jews, containing his Reasons for leaving the Jewish and embracing the Christian Religion, Lon., 1710, 8vo.

\ «V \ . Long Vacation Rambles in Sweden and Norway, Catnb., 1S57, 12mo.

X, Y, /. Spain, Tangier, Ac. Visited in 1840 and 1841, Lon., 184o, p. 8vo. A series of letters, said to be by a lady, addressed to a male friend, who published them without her knowledge.

"We are quite sure that she owes him no gratitude for it. . . . The hasty record of a hasty glance."—Lon. AUten., 1816, 607.

"On the whole, we have had few sketChen of i*pain better worth attention. . . . They are full of lively incident ami sagacious observation,"—Lon. Exam., 1841.

Read, with this book, A Guide to Spain, by H. O'Shea. 1865, or. 8vo. See, also, Ford, Richard.

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Yair, James, minister of tbe Scotch Church in Campvere. 1. The Life of Servetus, by Jacques George de Chauffepi6; translated from the French, Lon., 1771, 8ro. 2. Account of the Scotch Trade in the Netherlands, Ac, 1776, 8vo.

Yalden, John. Compendium Politicum; or, The Distempers of Government, Ac., Lon., 1080, 8vo. By Sir Robert Cotton,

Yalcleii, or, correctly written, Youlding, Thomas, D.D., was, according to Wood, (whose account we follow in preference to Biog. Brit,, Jacob's Poets, and Johnson's Poets,) the son of Thomas Youlding, an exciseman in Oxford, and b. at that place, Jan. 2, 1669-70; admitted of Magdalene College, Oxford, (where he was intimate with Sacheverell and Addison,) 1090, and became Fellow, 1700; presented to the living of Willoughby, Warwickshire, 1700, and chosen Lecturer of Moral Philosophy at Oxford, 1701; became Reotor of Chalton and Cleanville in Hertfordshire, and had also the sinecure prebends of Deans, Harris, and Pcndles in Devonshire; Preacher of Bridewell Hospital, 1713; arrested for supposed complicity with what is known as Bishop Atterbury's Plot, in 1722, but soon cleared and released; d. July 16, 17.16. He published an Ode for St. Cecilia's Day, 1693; On the Conquest of Namur, a Pindario Ode, 1695, fol.; The Temple of Fame, a Poem, 1700, fol.; a collection of fables in verse, under the title of ^5sop at Court, 1702, rcpub. in Nichols's Collection, vol. iv. 19S226; an Essay on the Character of Sir Willoughby Ashton, a Poem, 1704, fol.; On the Mines of Carbery Price, a Poem; A Hymn to Darkness; A Hymn to Light; a translation of the Second Book of Ovid's Art of Love, and other translations and poems; a Sermon on Daniel iv. 27, 1721, It", and a Sermon on Isaiah lviii. 10, 11, 1728, 4to. Nine of his poems are in Dryden's (Tonson's) Third Miscellany, 1693, 8vo, and 1726; seven in Dryden's Fourth Miscellany, 1694, 8vo; some in Lintot's Miscellanies, 1709 and 1726; some in Nichols's Collection, vols. iii. and iv.; and collections of his poems, with memoirs, will be found in the British Poets of Johnson and Chalmers, vol. xi., Dr. Anderson, vol. vii., and Robert Walsh, vol. xvii.

"Of his poems, many are of that irregular kind which, when he formed his poetical character, was supposed to bo Pindaric. Having fixed his attention on Cowley as a model,he has attempted in some sort to rival him, and has written a ' Hymn to Dnrkues*,' evidently as a counterpart to Cowley's 'Hymn to Light.' This hymn seems to l>e his best performance, and in, for tbe most part, imagined with great vigour anil expressed with great propriety. . . . His ' Hymn to Light' is not eipml to the other. . .. Of his other poems it is sufficient to say that they deserve perusal, though they are not always exactly polished, though his rhymes are sometimes very ill sorted, and though his Omits seem rather the omissions of idleness tliau the negligences of enthusiasm."—Da. Johnson: Lives of the Eng. Poets, Cunningham's ed., (in which Homo of Johnson's errors are corrected,) 1854, ii. 314, 315.

Johnson tells us (Life of Dr. Watts) that it was by his recommendation that the poems of Yalden, Pomfret, Watts, and Blackmore were included in the edition of the English Poets for which he furnished the Lives. As a prose writer, Yalden is favourably known by Squire Bickcrstaff Detected ; or, The Astrological Impostor Convicted, a mock answer to Swift's attacks on Partridge, (see Partkidok, John,) written by Yalden at the request of tho latter, and published by him in his own name, in entire innocence respecting the joke. This witty piece was republished in Swift's Works. See Bliss's Wood's Athen. Oxon., iv. 601, Cibber's Lives, and authorities above cited.

Yale, Cyrus, b. at Lee, Mass., 1736, graduated at Williams College, 1811, was pastor of a church in New Hartford, Conn., 1814 to 1834, and (having had charge of a church at Ware, Mass., 1834-37) from 1837 until hiB death, May 21, 1854. 1. Life of the Rev. Jeremiah Halleck, Hartford, 1828, 12mo; 1830, 12mo. 2. Miniature of the Life of the Rev. Alvan Hyde, D.D.,«. a. 3. Biographical Sketches of the Ministers of Litchfield County after the Year 1S00,1852. Also, single sermons, addresses, Ac. See Sprague's Annals, ii., Trin. Congrcg., 615.

Yale, Elihll. The Yalo Family; or, Tho Descendants of David Yale, with Genealogical Notices of each Family, Now Haven, 1850, 8vo, pp. 201.

"A very full and clear account of the family here, arranged on a very good plan."— Whitmore's Amer. Grnralog., Ixxii.

Yale, Elisha, D.D., b. at Lee, Mass., 1780, was minister of a churoh at Kingsborough, New York, 180452, and d. Jan. 9, 1853.

1. Divine Method of Raising Charitable Contributions, Bost., 1845, tract. 2. Select Verse System, for the Use of Individuals, Families, and Schools, Rochester, 1853, 12mo. He also published single sermons, and articles in periodicals, and left in MS. a Review of a Pastorate of Forty-Eight Years, and Helps to Cultivate the Conscience. See Sprague's Annals, iv., Presbyterian, 348.

Yale, Gregory, Connsellor-at-Law. Legal Titles to Mining Claims and Water Rights in California, under the Mining Law of Congress- of July, 1866, San Francisco, 1868, pp. xxiii.,.452.

"It will be found an indispensable work-in its department."— Amer. Lit. Gat., Mar. 2, 1888.

Yancey, II. See Potter, H.

Yandell, Lunsford P., M.D. 1. Narrative of the Dissolution of the Medical Faculty of Transylvania University, Nashville, 1837, 8vo. 2. History of tho Climate and Diseases of Tennessee, 8-vo. 3. On Etherization : a Paper read before the Medical Society of Louisville, Louisville, 1848, 8vo, 4. Introductory Lecture to the Medical Class of the University of Louisville, 1848, 8vo.

Yapp, G. W. 1. Art Educator at Home and Abroad, Lon., 1853, 12mo. See Lon. Athcn., 1853, 134. 2. Duties on Imports into France, 1855, 8vo.

Yard, TV, of Exeter College, Oxford, Rector of Ashwell, Rutland. Prayers for the Use of Young Persons in Families and Schools, Compiled, Oxf. and Lon., 1864, fp. 8vo.

Yard, Thomas. Sermons on our Relation to the Holy Trinity and to the Churoh of God, Lon., 1858, 12mo.

Yardley, Edward, Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge, became Archdeacon of Cardigan in 1743. 1. The Rational Communioante, Lon., 1728, 8vo. 2. The Genealogies of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, 1739, 8vo. 3. Four Sermons on Matt, xxviii. 19, 20, 1763, 12mo. Repub. in—4. Practioal Exposition on the Offices of Baptism and Confirmation, 2d ed., 1810, 12mo. He also published single sermons, and Sermons on Seleot Subjects by Lewis Attcrbury, with a Brief Account of tho Author, 1743, 2 vols. 8vo.

Yardley, Edward, Jr. 1. Fantastic Stories, Lon., 1864, fp. 8vo.

"Amusing, graceful, and lively."—Lon. Hev., 1864.

2. Mclusinc, and other Poems, 1867, 12mo. 3. Th» Four Books of Horace's Odes, Translated into English Verse, 1869, 16mo.

"Mr. Yardley's translation of Horace has the important merit of elegance. His hinguago is generally well chosen, and free from those Affectations of idioms which frequently disfigure attempts at conciseness and neatness of expression. He bas chosen a task within his powers, and the result must, accordingly, be pronounced a success."—Notes and Queries, 1869, ii. 67.

4. Supplementary Stories and Poems, 1870, 12mo.

Yarington, Robert. Two Lamentable Tragedies: The one, of tho Murther of Maister Beech, a Chaundler, in Thames Street, and his Boy: Done by Thomas Merry: The other, of a young Childc, murthered in a Wood by Two Ruffians, with the Consent of his Uncle, Lon., 1601, 4to. Roxburghe, 6060, £2 5».; White Knight's, 4629, mor., £9 12«. (id.; Mitford, April, 1860, title mended, £3 6«. Sec Bcloe's Anec, i. 380-5.

Ynrker, Robert, Perpetual Curate of St. Olave's, and Evening Lecturer of St. Peter's, Chester. Help to Self-Examination and Self-Knowledge, 3d ed.

"A pious, earnest, and affectionate exhortation."—Brit. Mag.

Yarker, S. J. Illuminated Crest Book, Lon., 1869, It'i. 15s.

Yarranton, Andrew, of Ashley, county of Worcester, styled by Mr. Dove "the Founder of English Political Economy," was in 1630 an apprentice to a linen-draper, and continued some years in the trade, and afterwards became a soldier in the civil wars; in 1652, and for several years following, was engaged iu iron-works; subsequently became a surveyor, engineer, and agriculturist,—and laboured zealously for the benefit of his country, " whose flourishing," he declares, "is the only reward I ever hope to see of all ray labours."

1. The Improvement Improved by a Second Edition of the Great Improvement of Lands by Clover, Lon., 1663. 12mo, pp. 46.

"This little work is the most truly practical matter that had appeared in the agricultural world to the time when it was written. ... It contains more value in 46 pages than in many hundreds of contemporary publications."—Donaldson's Agr. Biog., 32.

2. England's Improvement by Sea and Land, to outdo the Dutch without Fighting; to pay Debts without Aloney ; to set at Work all the Poor of England with the Growth of our own Lands; to prevent unnecessary Suits in Law, with the Benefit of a Voluntary Register; Directions where Vast Quantities of Timber arc to be had for the Building of Ships; with the Advantage of making the Great Rivers of England Navigable; Rules to provent Fires in London and other Great Cities; with Directions how the several Companies of Handicraftsmen in London raay always have Cheap Bread and Cheap Drink ; in two parts, with folding plates and map, Lon., •m. 4to: Pt. 1, 1677; Pt. 2, 1681: 1698. Marquis of Townshend, 3459, £1 17«.; Nassau, Pt. 2, 1553, rus., £3; Sir M. M. Sykos, Pt. 3,1119,£1 15..; Gardner, 19».; Bright, 13s.

"These publications [Pts. 1 and 2] present a curious medley of practicable and useful, and of impracticable and useless, or pernicious, suggestions."—McCultoch's Lit. of I'olit. Econ., 1845, 860.

"Above all. we must note his prospective sagacity; for he points out in detail the very course that England has pursued, and the very elements that were to contribute to her commercial superiority."—I'ATaicK Edward Dove.

See The Elements of Political Science; in Two Books: Book I., On Method; Book II., On Doctrine; with an Account of Andrew Yarranton, the Founder of English Political Economy, by Patrick Edward Dove, Author of "The Theory of Human Progression," Edin., 1854, 8vo. Both of Mr. Dove's works ut niipra were reviewed in N. Amer. Rev., April, 1855, 343-73, (by J. C. Welling.) Mr. Dove's nccount of Andrew Yarranton was republished in a separate volume, Edin., 1855, 8vo. See Lon. Athen., 1854, 436, and 1855, 49. See, also, II. C. Carey's Principles of Social Science, Phila., 1858, i. 398-404; Smiles's Industrial Biography, Lon., 1863, 12mo; Appleton's Amer. Cyc, art. Political Kconomv, (by II. C. Baird.)

Yarrcll, William, an eminent British naturalist, b. June, 1784, in Duke Street, St. James's, Westminster, the son of a newspaper agent, succeeded to, and carried on until within a few years of his death, Sept. 6, 1856, the paternal profession: it enabled him to leave a fortune of £17,000. He died a bachelor. His collection of British fishes and the specimens illustrative of his papers in tho Linnoean Society were, at the sale of his effects, (Deo. 1856,) secured by the Trustees of the British Museum. He became a Fellow of tho Linnaoan Society in 1825. From this date until his death eighty-one papery were communicated or read by bim to scientific societies (Trans. Linn. Soo., Phil. Trans., Trans. Zoolog. Soc, Ac.) or journals, (Zoolog. Jour., Annals and Mag. of Nat. Hist., Ac.,) and he contributed a chapter on Fishes to W. II. Harvey's Sea-Side Book. He was for a long time a Vice-President of the Zoological Sooicty. For more detailed notices of his services to the literature of natural history, wo refer to Lon. Lit. Gaz., 1856; Lon. Athen., 1856, 1143; Lon. Gent. Mag., 1856, ii. 512; Knight's Eng. Cyc, Biog., vi., 1858,878 : Zoological Bibliography of the Ray Society, (notioes upwards of seventy of his papers.) But the most durable monuments to his fame are his two great works on Fishes and Birds, which will long be standard authorities with the naturalist.

1. Papers extracted from the Linnean, Philosophical, and Zoological Transactions on Various Subjects relating to Birds and Fish, Lon., 1827-33, 4to. 2. A History of British Fishes, Illustrated by nearly 400 woodcuts, 1835-36, 2 vols, demy 8vo, £2 8«.; r. 8vo, £4 16«.; imp. 8vo, £7 -l». Supplement, 1839, (some 1841,) demy 8vo, 7». M.; r. 8vo, 15«.; imp. 8vo, £1 2». 6rf.

"It was in every way an admirable work, containing accounts of several new fishes, with such descriptions as enabled the naturalist to distinguish them, whilst they were rondered, by the agreeablo style in which they were written, attractive to the dull.-i of anglers."— Knight's Eng. Cyc, Biog., vl., 1858, 870.

Second edition, (incorporating the Supplement,) 1841, 2 vols, demy 8vo, £3 3s.: r. 8vo, £4 16*.; imp. 8vo, £7 4«. Third edition, with Figures and Descriptions of tho Additional Species by Sir John Richardson, C.B., and a

Memoir of the Author; Illustrated by 522 wood engravings, 1859, 2 vols, demy 8vo, pp. 1900, £3 3«. Second Supplement to the First Edition, being also a First Supplement to the Second Edition; Illustrated with woodcuts; edited by Sir John Richardson, C.B., with portrait, 1860, demy 8vo, 5s.; r. 8vo, 10».; imp. 8vo, 15«. See Forbes, Professor Edward, No. 1. Add to the whole Scrope's Days and Nights of Salmon-Fishing, 1843, r. 8vo. Commendatory notices of Yarrell's British Fishes will be found in Lon. Quar. Rev., April, 1837, 334; Lon. Gent. Mag., 1835, i. 410, 1837, ii. 166, and 1846, i. 343; Lon. Lit. Gaz., 1835, 229, 596: Lon. Athen.. 1835, 201, 297; 1836, 641, 687; 1860, i. 377. See, also, 1861, ii. 729. 3. A History of British Birds, with 520 wood engravings, 1839-43, 3 vols, demy 8vo, £4 10».; r. 8vo, £9; imp. 8vo, £13 I0». Supplement, 1845, demy 8vo, 2». 6<l.; r. 8vo, 5».; imp. 8vo, 7». 6<1. Second edition, (with the first Supplement incorporated,) with 535 wood-cuts, 1845, (some 1846.) 3 vols, demy 8vo, £4 14». 6a\; r. 8vo, £9; imp. 8vo, £13 10«. Second Supplement, being also First Supplement to the Second Edition, 1856, demy 8vo, 2t. 6rf.; r. 8vo, 5«.; imp. 8vo, 7». 6d. Third edition, (with the First and Second Supplement incorporated,) with 550 wood engravings, 1856, 3 vols, demy 8vo, pp. 1754, £4 14». 6d. To this work add W. Hewitson's Coloured Illustrations of the Eggs of British Birds; with Descriptions of their Nests and Nidifioation, 3d ed., 1856, 2 vols. 8vo, £4 14*. 6o*. Commendatory notices of Yarrell's British Birds will be found in Lon. Athen., 1840, 609; 1841, 338, 663: 1842, 733; 1857,1004. See, also, Rotrosp. Rev., xiv. (1826) 9, n.

"No work on this subject since the time of Bewick's ' Birds' has been so popular. In many of his details, es[K'cially his picturesque tail-pieces, he imitated his great predecessor; but in point of accuracy of description and the homely truthfulness of his account of the habits of birds, Mr. Yarrcll has had no equal." —Knight's Eng. Cyc, Biog., vi., 1858, 879.

"These works [Nos. 2 and 3] are compiled on the samo plan; they contain accurate figures, with accompanying descriptions, of every known variety of British fish or bird; and they have from the first taken their position as the standard authorities on the subject in our language. Few books on natural history are more agreeable to the general reader: the style is ever pleasant, and the troth with which he describes the habits of the birds is such as might have been expected from the keen sportsman who had so often watched their motions when at liberty in tbeir native haunts."— Encyc. Brit., 8th cd., xxi., I860, 953.

4. A Paper on the Growth of the Salmon in Fresh Water; with Six Coloured Illustrations of the Fish, of the Natural Size, exhibiting its Character and Exact Appearance at Various Stages during the First Two Years, 1839, ob. fol., 12«. It is proper to join in honourable connection with Mr. Yarrell the name of his long-intimate friend, publisher of his books, and executor of his will, Mr. John Van Voorst, of Paternoster Row, to whose enterprise and tasto much of the mechanical excellence of the beautiful volumes above noticed is to be ascribed.

Yarrow, John. Shakespeare: a Centenary Poem, Lon., 1864\ 8vo.

Yarrow, Joseph, father of the "very pretty" Mrs. Thomas Davies, (see p. 482, supra,) was a performer at the York Theatre, where he producod three dramas, vis.: 1. Lovo at First Sight; or, The Wit of a Woman ; a Ballad Opera, 1742, 8vo. 2. Nancy; a Musical Interlude, 1742, 8vo. 3. Trick upon Trick; or. The Vintner in tho Suds; a Farce, 1742, 8vo; new ed., Edin., 1792, 12mo. Also—4. Choice Collection of Poetry, (facetious,) 1738, 12mo.

Yarwood, J. Physick Refined, Lon., 1683, 8vo.

Yate, Richard. 1. A Letter in Defence, of Dr. Middleton, Lon., 1749, 8vo. Anon. See MtnnLETOM, Conyers, D.D., (p. 1274.) 2. A Philosophical Essay on Space, 1774, 8vo. Contributions to Lon. Gent. Mag.

Yate, Rev. W. Account of New Zealand and of the Churoh Missionary Society's Mission, Lon., 1835, p. 8vo.

Yate, Walter Honeywood, a Justice of the Peace, Ac. 1. Catalogue of the Curiosities in his Museum, 1801, 8vo. 2. Address to all Independent Electors, 1804, 8vo. 3. Political and Historical Arguments in Favour of Parliamentary Reform, Ac, Lon., 1814, 2 vols. 8vo. See Wyvill, Christopher, No. 3; Yates, J. A., No. 2.

Yates. See, also, Yeates, Yeats.

Yates, Andrew, D.D., b. in Schenectady, N. York, 1772; graduated at Yale College, 1794; Professor of Ancient Languages in Union College, 1797-1801 ; pastur of the Congregational Church in East Hartford, Conn., 1801-14; Professor of Moral and Intellectual Philosophy in Union College, 1814-25; subsequently laboured with great zeal and success in connection with the Reformed Protestant Dutch and Presbyterian denominations until his death, 1844. He published four single sermons, 1810, '12, '23, '29, for titles of which see Sprague's Annals, ix., 1869, Reformed Dutch, 134.

Yates, Mrs. Ashton. 1. Letters written during a Journey to Switzerland in the Autumn of 1841, Lon.,

1843, 2 vols. p. 8vo. Commended in Lon. Quar. Rev., lxxvi. 105, (by Miss Rigby,) and Lon. Athen., 1843, 588. 2. A Winter in Ituly; in a Series of Letters to a Friend,

1844, 2 vols. p. 8vo.

"The book is instructive as well as pleasant."—Lon. Exam., 1844.

Yates, Christopher C, M.D. Observation* on the Epidemic Cholera now prevailing in the City of New York, Ac, N. York, 1832, 8vo.

Yates, Edmund'Hodgson, the son of an eminent actor (late lessee of the Adelphi) and actress, was b. July, 1831. He is Chief of the Missing-Letter Department in the London General Post-Office; was editor of Temple Bar Magazine until August, 1867, when ho took charge of Tinsley's Magazine, a new illustrated monthly; is a contributor to All the Year Round, wrote The Gossip which appeared under the signature of "Flaneur" in The Morning Post, and papers signed " Q." in the Evening Star, (the predecessors of "Readings by Starlight," in the same journal,) was for six years the theatrical critic of the Daily News, is a dramatic author, and has contributed to the "gaiety of nations" at Egyptian Hall.

1. My Haunts and their Frequenters, Lon., 1854, fp. 8vo.

"There is more bone in this contribntion to shilling light literature than we usualty recognise."—Lon. Athen., 1854,1017.

2. After Office Hours, 1861, fp. Svo ; 1862, fp. 8vo. 3. For Better, for Worse; a Romance of the Affections; Edited, 1863. 2 vols. p. 8vo.

"Quiet, enjoyable rending."—Lon. Reader, Jan. 9, 1864.

4. Broken to Harness; a Story of English Domestic Life, 1864, 3 vols. p. 8vo: 4th ed., 1865, 3 vols. p. Svo; new cd., 1865, p. 8vo; 1S67, p. Svo; Bost., 1866, 12mo. Trans, into French for the Rev. des Deux Mondcs, 1866.

"A better work of fiction has not for many a week come under our notice."—Lon. Athen., Nov. 20, 18ft4.

"To anyone acquainted with London life,'Broken to Harness' is a photographic gallery."—Lon. Reader, Nov. 2(1, 1864.

5. Pages in Waiting, Lon., 1S65, p. 8vo. 6. Running the Gauntlet, 1865, 3 vols. p. Svo.

"Will sustain for Mr. Yates snch reputation as he has alreadygained."—Lon. Reader, Nov. 25, 1865.

7. The Business of Pleasure, 1865, 2 vols. p. 8vo. 8. Land at Last, 1866, 3 vols. p. Svo; 1S67, p. 8vo; 1868, p. 8vo; red. to 5»., 1869; N. York, 1866, 8vo. 9. Running the Gauntlet, Lon., 1866, p. Svo; 1867, p. 8vo; Bost., 1866, 8vo. 10. Kissing the Rod, Lon., 1866, 3 vols. p. Svo; 1866, p. Svo; 1867, p. 8vo; N. York, 1866, 16mo; 1867, Svo. 11. The Forlorn Hope, Lon., 1867, 3 vols. p. Svo; 1867, p. 8vo; 1868, p. Svo; Bost., 1867. 12. The Black Sheep, Lon., 1867, 3 vols. p. 8vo; 1867,

&8vo; 1868, p. 8vo: N. York, 1867, 8vo. 13. The ock Ahoad, Lon.. 1868, 3 vols. p. 8vo; 1869, p. 8vo. 14. Wrecked in Port, N. York, 1869, 8vo. 15. Dr. Wainwrighfs Patient, Lon., 1870, 3 vols. p. 8vo; N. York, 1870, Svo. We announce this last in advance of publication.

"Mr. Yates's novels have a mint-mark of their own, deeply impressed and unmistnkahle. They are Mr. Edmund Yates's novels, not imitations of the novel-writings of successful predecessors."—Lon. Exam.

"lie is an accurate observer, and has a good share of humour."—Lon. Rev.

In conjunction with the late Mr. Brough, he edited Our Miscellany, 1856-58; and he published The Life and Correspondence of Charles Mathews, (abridged from the Memoirs by Mrs. Mathews,) I860, p. 8vo, 1862, p. 8vo. Sec, also, Swedley, Francis Edward; Smith, Albert, No. 21.

Yates, Edward, b. at Islington, studied at the University of Cambridge and at the Inner Temple, and subsequently travelled in Asia and America. He has published a work on Popery exhibited by the History of the Inquisition; an Elementary Treatise on Strategy, 1852, 12mo; a Treatise on Tactics; The Elements of the Science of Grammar, Ac, with a Turkish Grammar, 1857, 1-nio: A Letter to the Women of England on Slavery in the Southern States of America, Ac, 1863, Svo: and a translation of the Song of Solomon, from the Original, rendered into English Verse, with the Dramatis Pcrsonie Restored, Ac, 1863.

Yates, G. F. Masonic Oration, Schenec, 1821 8vo.

Yates, J. A. 1. Argument! for Parliamentary Reform, Lon., 2 vols. 8vo. See Wyvill, Christopher, No. 3; Yate, Walter Hoseywoou, No. 3. 2. Essays on the Currency and Circulation, 8vo.

Yates, J. .1. Genealogical and Historical Tables of the Royal Family of England, Lon., 1843, sheet, 3«. 6d.; canvas or book, 10«. 6a*.

Yates, James. The Castell of Courtesie, wherounto is adioynod the Holdo of Humilitie: with the Chariot of Chastitio thereunto annexed; Also a Dia-" logue betweene Age and Youth, and other Matters herein conteined, by lames Yates Seruinghain, Lon., Inhn Wolfe, 1582, 4to, pp. 170. We know of only two copies, both imperfect, and both recorded in Bibliotheca Ileberinna. The copy in Pt. 4, 3042, was purchased at Major Pearson's sale, by G. Stevens, for 10*. 6r£., and at his Bale by T. Park (to whom he had refused to lend it) for £2 10..; was marked in Bibl. Anglo-Poet., 889, at £52 II)*., and sold to Mr. Midgeley, at whoso sale in 1818 it was knocked down nt £23 2«., and placed in M. M. Sykes's library for £30; and at his sale in 1824 Hcber bought it for £9; and when his library was disposod of it was sold for £8. The copy in Pt. 8, 3050, a portion of one leaf supplied in MS., and the last leaf wanting, (it having been robbed to complete the other copy,) was sold for £4 18». See Brydgos's Cens. Lit., iii. 175, (by T. Park ;) Bibl. Anglo-Poet., 889; J. P. Collier's Bibl. Acct. of Early Eng. Lit., 1865, vol. ii.; Lon. Gent. Mag., 1840, i. 385; Lit. World, iii. 47, (by John Timbs.)

Yates, James, an eminent antiquary, b. at Highgate, 1789, after studying at Glasgow, Edinburgh, and Berlin, was a Unitarian pastor at Glasgow, Birmingham, and London.

1. Thoughts on the Advancement of Academical Education in England, 2d ed., Lon., 1827, Svo, pp. x., 184. 2. Letter to the Vice-Chanoel[or of England on the British and Foreign Unitarian Association, 1834, 8vo, pp. 82. 3. Preces e Liturgiis Catholiose Romania dosumptae, cum earundem Versions Anglica, acceduut Versiones duse novao, soilicet Germanica et Polonica, 1838, 18tno. 4. Textrinum Antiquorum: an Account of the Art of Weaving among the Ancients: Part 1, On the Raw Materials used for Weaving, Lon., 1843, Svo.

"It is a work intended only for scholars, who will find in it ample proofs of extensive learning, great diligence, just discernment ill general, and amiable feelings."—Lon. Athen., 1844, 397.

"This is a volume worthy of the best days of critical antiouariauism, and deserves in learning to rank with the works of the Gronovii and the Qrrevii of past ages."—Lot?. Lit. Gaz., 1844, 80.

4. Narrative of the Origin and Formation of the International Association for Obtaining a Uniform Decimal System of Measures, Weights, and Coins, 1856, painpb. See Lon. Athen., 1856, 199. 5. Descriptive Catalogue of a Collection of Current Coins of all Countries in the International Exhibition, Class 13, North Gallery, 1862, 12mo, pp. 69. Soe Lon. Lit. Budget. Aug. 23, IS62.. He has published memoirs and papers on antiquities, philology, botany, geology, Ac. Soe, also, Priohard, James Cowlks, M.D., No. 3; Shitu, William, LL.D., Ph.D., No. 3; Wardlaw, Ralph, D.D., Nos. 4, 5; and a notice of Mr. Yates in Diet. Univ. des Contemp., par G. Vapereau, Paris, 1858, 1791.

Yates, John. 1. Modell of Divinitie Catechistically Composed, Lon., 1622, 4to. 2. Ibis ad Csesarem; Arminianism and Popery, Ac, 1626, 4to. 3. Treatise of the Honovr of God's Hovse, 1637, 4to. 4. Imago Mundi et Regnum Christi; or, The Mystery of the Gentiles, 1640.

Yates, John. Discourse, 1 Sam. xxv. 1, Lirerp., 1810, 8 vo.

Yates, John, D.D., of First Dutch Church, Albany. 1. Discourse, Albany, 1839, Svo. 2. Sermon, 1839, 8vo.

Yates, John It. Address at Union College, 1827, 8vo.

Yates, John V. N., Secretary of the State of New York. 1. Select Cases adjudged in the Courts of the State of New York; containing the Cose of John V. N. Yates and the Case of the Journeymen Cordwaiuers, N. York, 1811, 8vo. Known as Yates's Cases. See Abbott Dig., Pref., 13, n. 2. A Collection of Pleadings and Prootioal Precedents, with Notes thereon and Approved Forms of Bills of Costs; containing, also, References, Ac to Graham's Practioe, 2d ed., 1837, Svo. See, also, Moui.toh, Joseph W., No. 2, (and N. Amer. Rev., xxiv.

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