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lone College, Oxford, 1801: d. Jane 4, 1829. I. The Defence of Poesy; the Author, Sir Philip Sidney, Knight; Edited, Lon., 1810, am. 4to. Privately printed. He prefixed some of his own sonnets, which were reprinted in—2. Verses on Several Occasions, 1812, 8vo. 3. Poems on Several Occasions, 1812, 8vo; 2d ed., 1813, 8vo; Appendix, 1813, 8vo. Ridiculed by Lord Byron. 4. Moonlight; a Poem, with Several Copies of Verses, 1814, 4to. 5. The Doge's Daughter; a Poem, with Several Translations from Anacreon and Horace, 1S14, 8vo. 6. Ariadne; a Poem, in three Parts, 1814, 8vo. 7. Carmen Britannicum, 1814, 4to. Nos. 3-7 wero reviewed— not favourably—in Edin. Rev., Sept. 1814, 411-424, by Tom Moore. 8. Select Poems, Chiswick, 1821. 8vo, pp. 91. Privately printed. His lordship published several small vols, in 1822, (see Lon. Gent. Mag., 1829, ii. 175,) and subsequently issued—9. The Odes of Anacreon translated into English Measure, 1823, 8vo.

Thurlow, Sum. Land-Surveyor's Ready-Reckoner, Lon., 1841, 32mo; new ed., 1852, sq.

Thurlow, T. J. Hovell. The Company and The Crown. Lon., 1866, 8vo; 2d ed., 1867.

Thurman, Henry. Defence of Human Learning in the Ministry, Oxon., 1600, 8vo. Two other publications, 1647, 1667; see Bliss's Wood's Athen. Oxon., iii. 922.

Thurnham, John, M.D. 1. Observations and Essays on the Statistics of Insanity, York, 1846, 8vo, 14».; red. to 5«., 1852.

"A valuable mass of individual facts.''—Lon, Athen., 1816, 1215.

2. Forms of Ancient British and Gaulish Skulls, Lon., 1865, 8vo; 4 plates. See Morton, Samuel George, M.D., No. 4. Davis and Thurnham's Crania Britannica was completed in 6 Parts, forming 2 vols, fol., with 72 plates by Ford, 1857-65, £6 6».

Tliinsfield, Rev.Richard. Bethany; or.Thoughts in Verse on John xi. and other Subjects, Henley-inArden, 1864, cr. 8vo.

Tliurstaii, a Canon of St. Paul's, and one of the chaplains of Henry I., was elected Archbishop of York, 1114; consecrated by the Pope, 1119; resigned his see at Pontefract, where ho became a monk, Jan. 21, 113940, and d. Feb. 5 following, and was buried at Pontefract. He was the author of Constitutio de Dehitis Clericorum Defunctorum, (in Wilkins's Concil. Mag. Brit, ct Hib., i. 412;) of an epistle to William, Archbishop of Canterbury, (in the Monasticon;) and, according to Bale, of two other works,—De suo Primatu ad Calixtum Papam Lib. I., and Contra juniorem Anselmum Lib. I.,—which are not now, and perhaps never were, extant.

Tliurstaii, Henry J., (i.e. Palgrave, Francis Turner.) The Passionate Pilgrim; or, Eros and Auteros, Lon., 1858, cr. 8vo.

"To read the Ixiok steadily through would bring on an access of melancholy madness."—Lon. Athen., 1858, I. 086.

Thurston, David. Brief History of Winthrop, Maine, 1764-1855, Portland, 1855, 12mo.

Thurston, Mrs. Elizabeth A. Mosaics of Human Life: Illustrative of the Various Epochs of Human Life,—Betrothal, Wedded Life, Babyhood, Youth, Single Life, Old Age,—Pbila., 1866, 12mo. The selections are from English, French, and German books.

Thurston, George H. Directory of Pittsburg and Alleghany Cities, tho Adjoining Boroughs and Villages, Ac, 1864, pp. 392.

Thurston, J. 1. Religious Emblems, 4c; from the Designs of J. Thurston; with Descriptions by the Rev. J. Thomas, Lon., 1810. 4to. 2. Shakespeare Illustrated by 37 Engravings, Ac; from new Designs by J. Thurston, (1810.) 8vo; India paper; one set on vellum. See Bolin's Lowndes's Bibl. Alan., 2:509.

Thurston, Joseph. 1. The Fall; in Four Books. Lon., 1732, 8vo. 2. Poems on Several Occasions, 1737, Svo.

Thurston, Laura M., the daughter of Earl P. Hawley, b. in Norfolk, Conn.. 1812. after teaching school in Hartford, New Milford, Philadelphia, and New Albany, Indiana, was in 1839 married to Franklin Thurston, of the last-named place, and d. there in 1812. Under the signature of Viola she contributed poetical pieces to the Louisville Journal, Ac. Her " Green Hills of my Fatherland" has been published in Selections from the Poetical Literature of the West, Cin., 1841, 12mo, and other collections.

Thurston, Lucy Goodale, of the Sandwich Islands. See Memoir of, by Mrs. Cummings, N. York, 1842.

Thurston, William. Alban; a Narrative Poem, Lon., 1860. See Lon. Athen., 1860, ii. 225.

Thurstons. The Thurstons of the Old Palmetto State. Charleston, 1801, 12mo.

Thurtle, Miss Frances, was in 1821 married to Mr. Jnmieson. The History of Spain, from the Earliest Ages, Ac. to 1814, Lon., 1820, 12mo.

"A valuable addition to the class to which it pertains."— Lon. Lit. Gaz., 1820, 294.

Thwaites, Edward, a learned Paxonist, Fellow of Queen's College, Oxford, was b. 1667; became Saxon preceptor in his college, 1698; Reader in Moral Philosophy in the University, 1708, and Regius Professor of Greek, 1709 ; d. 1711. I. Dionysii Orhis Descriptio, Ac, Oxon., 1697, Svo. 2. neptateuchus, Liber Job, et Evangelium Nicodemi, Anglo-Saxonice, Ac, 1699, Svo. See Home's Bibl. Bib., lviii. 3. Notre in Anglo-Saxonum Nummos a D. Andrea Fountaino oditos, 1708, 12mo. Adod. Privately printed. 4. Grammatica Anglo-Saxonica; ex Hickesiano Linguarum Septentrionalium Thesauro Excerpta, 1711, 8vo. Anon. Sec Hickes, George, D.D., No. 4. Ho assisted Hickes in his Thesaurus, and had some concern in the edition of King Alfred's Saxon version of Boethius de Consolatione Philosophic, edidit Christophorus Rawlinson, 1098 Svo, and in the compilation of Thomas Benson's Vocahularium Anglo-Saxonicum Lexico Gul. Somneri magna parte auctius, 1701, Svo. For notices of Thwaites, see Nichols's Lit. Anec. and his Illust. of Lit., (Indexes;) Biog. Brit., (note on the Life of Smith, editor of Bede;) Nicolson'g Letters, i. 105; Letters by Em. Persons, 1813, 3 vols. 8vo; Chalmers's Biog. Diet.

Thwaites, G. II.. and Hooker, J. D. Enur mcratio Plantarnm Zcvlania, Lon., 1865, 8vo.

Thwaites, John It. Handy Guide for Visitors at the Paris Exhibition, Lon., 1867, 12mo.

Thwaites, W. G. Index to the Common-Law Procedure Act, Lon., 1852, fol.

Thweiles, John, M.D. Scenes of Death, new ed., Lon., 1840, ISmo.

Thyer, Robert. See Butler, Samuel; Dibdin's Lib. Comp., ed. 1825, 731, n.; J. H. Burton's BookHunter. Ac, (1862:) Generalities.

Thyer, William, D.D. Discvrsvs Panegyric! de Nominibvs Tribvlationibvs, et Miracvlis S. Patricii Hibernorvm Apostoli, Ac, Duaci, 1617, sm. 8vo.

Thynne, Mrs. Catherine Grace. See Gore, Mrs.

Thynne, Lord Charles, formerly Vicar of Longbridge Deverell, and Canon of Canterbury Cathedral, 1845, joined tho Church of Rome, 1852. Letter to his Parishioners, Lon., 1853, sm. Svo, pp. 12.

Thynne, Lady Charles. 1. Eleanor Morrison; or, Home Duties; a Tale, Dubl., 1860, 12mo.

"The style and spirit of the liook, it' not very vigorous, are quite unobjectionable."—Lon. Atfim., 1860. i. S5^.

2. Charlcote Grange ;a Tale, 1861, cr. 8vo. 3. Off the Line, 1867, 2 vols. p. Svo. 4. Colonel Fortescue's Daughter, 1868, 3 vols. p. Svo. 5. The Adventures of Mrs. Hardcaslle. 1869, 3 vols. p. Svo.

Thynne, Lady Frances, Duchess of Somerset. See Somerset.

Thynne, Francis, son of William Thynne, (infra,) b. about 1545, was in 1602 made Lancaster Herald-atArms; d. probably in 1608, (according to Wood, 1611.) 1. Application of Certain Histories concerning Ambassadors anil their Functions, Lon., 1651. 12ino. 2. Discourse concerning the Basis and Original of Government, 1007, 4to. Other works, (some in Hearne's Discourses.) q. v. in Bliss's AVood's Athen. Oxon., ii. 107. See, also, Holinshkd, Raphael; Lives of Antiquaries appended to Hearne's Discourses, vol. ii., ed. 1775: Noble's College of Arms; Collier's Bibl. Acct. of Early Eng. Lit., iS65. In 1841 Mr. J. P. Collier edited, with Introductory Notes, for the Shakespeare Society, The Debate between Pride and Lowliness, by Francis Thynn; reprinted from the edition of John Charlwood, (circa 1575,) Svo. See Notes and Queries, 1862, i. 242; Thvx.ve, William.

Thynne, Lord John, Preb. of Lincoln. 1828, and of Westminster, 1831, and Hector of Blackwell, Somerset, is second son of the Marquis of Hath. Contributor to Sermons at Westminster Abbey for tho Working Classes, Lon.. 1858, 12ino.

Thynne, William, Chief Clerk of the Kitchen to nenry VIII., d. 1546, deserves notice as the editor of the first edition of Chaucer's Works, Lou., 1532, fol. His son Francis (tuprn) projected an edition of the poet, but gave his notes to Thomas Speght, who published them aud the notes of Francis Thynne, and those of John Stow, in his edition of Chaucer's Works, 1598, fol. Some verses of Francis Thynne'a arc also prefixed to this edition. See Bliss's Wood's Athen. Oxon., i. 136; Notes and Queries, 1862, ii. 479; 1803, i. 17, ii. 18, 365, 439,505. Francis Thvnne wrote in 1599 Animadversions and Corrections, addressed to Sir Thomas Egerton, on Speght's edition of Chaucer. These lay in MS. until 1810, when Todd published them in his Illustrations of the Lives and Writings of Gowcr and Chaucer, 1810, 8vo.

See, also, Chaucer: Animadversious upon the Annotations and Corrections of some Imperfections of Impressions of Chaucer's Workes, sett downe beforetyme, and nowe Heprintcd in tho Ycre of our Lorde 1598: Sett downe by Francis Thyunc: Now newly Edited, from the MS. in theRridgewater Library, by G. H. Kingsley, M.D., for "The Early English Text Society," Trubncr, 1865. Noticed in Lon. Reader, 1865, ii. 565.

Thynne, William. Theory of Algobraio Equations. Camb., 1849, 8vo.

Tll\ r:vtl». Gllil., anglice TnYKtt, WlLLIAM.

Tiarks, J. Tables of Exchanges, Lon., 12mo.

Tiarks, J. G., Ph.D. 1. Conjugation of the Greek Verb, Lon., 8vo. 2. Sacred German l'octry, 1838, 12mo. 3. Introductory German Grammar, 2d ed., 1847, 12ino; 6th ed., 1853, 12mo. 4. Progressive German Reader, 5th ed., 1847, 12ino; 7th ed., 12mo. 5. Exercises for Writing German, 7th ed., 1847, 12mo; 10th ed., 1855, ]2mu. Key, 1844, 12mo. 6. Practical German Grammar, 7th ed., 1847, 12mo; 11th ed., 1856, 12mo. 7. Faust, with Notes, 1850, 18mo.

Tiarks, John Lewis, British Astronomer to the American Boundary-Line Commission, was b. at Jever, Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, May 10, 1789, and d. at the same place, May 1, 1837. Dr. T. published a number of Astronomical Observations, Reports, Ac. See Lon. Gent. Mag., 1837, ii. 91, (Obituary;) Cat. Pub. Lib. of Boston, 1861. 778.

Tibbets, George. 1. Memoir on Homo Markets, 3d ed., Phila.. 1827, 8vo. 2. Finances of the Canal Fund of the State of New York Examined, Albany, 1829. 8vo.

Tibbins, J., Professor in the University of Paris. Dictionary of Fr. and Eng., abridged from Fleming and Tibbins, (Paris, 1840-43, 2 vols. imp. 4to, q. v.,) Paris, 1856, 8vo.

Tibbs, H. W. Poor Man's Daily Portion, Ac, Lon., 1860, l8mo.

Tibbs, Thomas. Experimental Farmer, 1808, 8vo.

Tichbome, Sir Henry. See Temple, Sib John, M.P.

Tichbonrn, Colonel Robert. Cluster of Canaan's Grapes, Ac., Lon., 1649, 4to.

Til-kill, John. The Bottomless Pit smoking in Familism; being a Sermon on Gal. i. 8, 9, Oxon., 1652, 8vo.

Tickell, Rev. John. History of the Town and County of Kingston-upon-Hull, Hull, 1796, 4to; a few 1. p., r. 4to. Dent, Pt. 2, 1163, £1 15«. Somo copies dated 1798, some 1800.

Tickell, Richard, grandson of the succeeding, a Commissioner of the Stamp Office, was killed by a fall from his window at Hampton Court Palace, 1793. 1. The Project; a Poem, 1778. 2. Wreath of Fashion; a Poem. 3. Anticipation, 1778, 8vo. See No. 5: Blackw. Mag., xx. 209. 4. English Green Box, 1779. See No. 5. 5. Common-Place Arguments, 1780. Nos. 3, 4, and 5 are political pamphlets. Ho also wrote for the stage an alteration of Allan Ramsay's Gentle Shepherd, and The Carnival of Venice, a comic Opera; was the author of An Epistle from Hon. C. Fox, 1789: and contributed to The Rolliad. Seo Chalmers's Biog. Diet.; Biog. Dramat.; Locker's Lyra Elegantiarum, 1867, 107; Lon. Gent. Mag., Nov. 1793, 1057, (Obituary;) IT. Walpole's Letters, ed. 1861, vii. 53, n., 207, 271, 290, 291, 505, ix. -420.

"He was the happiest of any occasional writer in his day."— Matiiias: Pursuits of Lit., Dial. I., notes.

Tickell, Thomas, son of the Rev. Richard Tickell, was b. at Bridekirk, Cumberland, 1686; took his degree of M.A. at Queen's College, Oxford, 1708, and was chosen Fellow, 1710; was introduced to literary circles and public employment by Addison, who in 1717, when be became Secretary of State, mado Tickell UnderSecretary, greatly to the disgust of Steele; was ap

pointed Secretary to the Lords Justices of Ireland In 1724, and held this post until his death, April 23, 1740. He gained Addison's eye by his complimentary verses on the great man's Rosamond, (in Tonson's Sixth Miscellany, 1709.) and later won his affections, which ho never lost, by his personal merits and social virtues. 1. Poem to the Lord Privy Seal on the Prospect of Peace, Lon., 1713. Six editions. Praised in the Spectator. On the arrival of George I., Tickell colebrated the event in his Royal Progress, published in the Spectator. 2. Tho First Book of Homer's Iliad. Translated into English Verse by Thomas Tickell, Esq., 1715, 4to. We have already adverted (addison, Joseph; Pope, Alexander: 9. Translation Op Homer) to Pope's suspicion (see Spence's Anecdotes, by Singer) that Addison was the translator of this book of Homer, and that it was produced for the express purpose of injuring his own translation.

"Is there any external evidence to support this grave accusation f The answer is short. There is absolutely none."—I,ord Macaulav: Lift and Writings of Addison: &lin. Her., July, 1843, and in his Essays.

Addison owned that ho had corrected Tickell's lines, and Lord Macaulay—Warburton, Steele, and Young to the contrary notwithstanding—believes that he did no more. See, also, Biog. Brit., 2d cd., i. (1778) 56, art. "Addison."

"Addison declared that the rival versions were both good, hut that Tirkell's was the best thiit ever Whs made. . . . The palm is now givi-n universally to Pope; hut I think the first lines of Tickell's were rather to be preferred, and Pope seems to havo since borrowed something from them in the correction of his own."—Da. Johnson: Lift of TicktU, in his Lirtj of the. flirts, P. Cunningham's ed., 1SS4,' ii. 321, 323. See, also, Tickell's Poems, 1779, sin. 8vo, (Johnson's English Poets.)

Sec specimens of Tickell's version in Blackw. Mag., xxix.670 ct scq., and same in Professor Wilson's Works, viii., (1857:) Homer and his Translators. 10. An Epistle from a Lady in England to a Gentleman at Avignon, 1717. Anon. Five editions. In defence of the royal cause, during the dispute on the Hanoverian succession. Tickell's poems will be found in Chalmers's English Poets, vol. xi., and some of them in several of tho collections of tho British poets. An American edition of his Poems was published Boston, 1854, 16ino. See, also, Parnell, Thomas. Tho longest of his other poems not here noticed is Kensington Garden, first published in 1722; a greater favourite was his ballad of Colin and Lucy. Ho contemplated a translation of the whole of the Iliad, (which he abandoned in favour, or fear, of Pope,) and commenced translations of the Odyssey and Lucan; nor should it be forgotten that he contributed papers to Tho Spectator and Tho Guardian ; but his fame will ever rest on his Elegy to Addison, prefixed to his edition of that poet's Works, (1721, 4 vols. 4to, some 1. p.,) of which Dr. Johnson declares that there is not "a more sublimo or more elegant funeral poem to be found in the whole compass of English literature." This eulogy has not escaped criticism; and Steele's verdict that tho Elegy is only "prose in rhyme" has been recently (Knight's Eng. Cyc, Biog., vi., 1858, 52) cordially endorsed. Yet Johnson's commendation is supported by eminent authorities:

"This Elegy by Mr. Tickell is one of the finest in our language. There is so little new tlmt can be said upon the death of a friend, after the complaints of Ovid and the Latin Italians in this way, that one is surprised to see so much novelty in this to strike us, and so much interest to affect."—Goldsmith.

k> Many tributes were paid to the memory of Addison ; but one alone is now remembered. Tickell bewailed his friend in an elegy which would do honour to the greatest name in our literature, and which unites the energy and magnificence of Drydon Ui the tenderness and purity of Cowper."—Lord Macaolat: Lift, and Writings of Addison, {id supra.)

"Tickell's verses on Addison's death perfect. Liked much of his Kensington."—C. J. Fox: Hr.colUc. by S. Ropers, 1830, 58.

In addition to authorities already cited, see Steele's Ded. to Congrcvo prefixed to The Drummer; Biog. Brit., Supp.; Bowles's ed. of Pope; Drake's Essays Illust. of the Tatler, Spec, nnd Guardian.

Ticken, William. 1. English Grammar, Lon., 1806, 12mo. 2. Statistical Synopsis of the Strength of the Chief Powers of Europe, 1810, 4to. 3. Santos do Montenos, 1811, 3 vols. 12nio. 4. Historical Account of Reign of Georgo III., 1811.

Tickler, Timothy. Seo Syme, Robert.

Tickletoby, Timothy. Tho Impostor Detected; or, A Review of some of the Writings of Peter Porcupine, (see Cobbett, William,) 2d ed., Phila., 1796, 8vo.

Tickletooth, Tabitha. See Seliiv, Charles, No. 3.

Ticknor, Union, b. at Salisbury, Conn., 179B. 1. Accountant's Assistant, Ac. 2. Mathematical and Logarithmic Tables. 3. Youth's* Columbian Calculator, Phila., 12nio; Key, 12mo. 4. Columbian Calculator, 12mo; Key, 12mo. 5. Columbian Spclling-Rook, 12mo. 6. Arithmetical Tables. 7. Mensuration; or, Square and Triangle, 12mo.

Ticknor, Caleb, M.D., a native of Salisbury, Conn., who practised in the city of New York, d. about 1840, aged 3fi. 1. The Philosophy of Living; or, The Way to Enjoy Life and its Comforts, N. York, 1836, 18mo.

"Creditable, and calculated to be of advantage."—Lon. Mon. Her., 1836, ii. .-.?*«, {q. v.)

See, also, Dubl. Univ. Mag., xiii. 641. 2. Popular Treatise on Medical Philosophy, Andover, 1838, 12tno; 2d ed., N. York, 1839, 12mo. 3. Guide to Mothers and Nurses, 18.59, 12mo. He contributed to Bost. Med. and Surg. Jour., Ac. Sec Williams's Ainer. Med. Biog., 581; Bost. Med. and Surg. Jour., vol. xxiii.

Ticknor, Elisha, father of George Ticknor, LL.D., (infra,) and a descendant of William Ticknor, who is first known in the records of Scituate Plymouth Colony as associated with Charles Chauncy (afterwards President of Harvard College) and others in the Conohassct Purchase, was b. at Lebanon, Conn., March 25, 1757; graduated at Dartmouth College, 1783; was head of Moore's School (connected with Dartmouth College as a preparatory academy) from 1783 to 1785, when he removed to Pittsfield, Massachusetts, where ho kept school for a year, after which he became Principal of the Free Franklin School of Boston. His health sinking under his scholastic labours, in 1795 he commenced active business as a grocer, in Boston, and retired on a competence in 1S12; d. at Hanover, N.H., June 26, 1821. lie was one of the founders of the Primary Schools of Boston, and of the first Savings-Bank in New England. English Exercises, Bost., ISmo, 1792, '93, '94. Used in the schools of New Englnnd until superseded by Lindley Murray's Grammar. See Allen's Amor. Biog. Diet., 3d ed.; Dcane's Hist, of Scituate, 1831, 351-53; Connec. Com. Sch. Jour., 1841, 156; Wightman's Annals of the Bost. Prim. Seh. Com., I860, 18-36, 53, 54, 62, 67.

Ticknor, George, LL.D. For the following excellent biographical sketch of the historian of Spanish literature, I am indebted to a distinguished scholar, who stated that he "should be better pleased not to appear as the author." This decision—and, alas! it is now too late to solicit its reconsideration—I am bound to respect. Justice to myself—for I would not use as my own the production of another—demands that I say thus much; duty to my trust forbids me to say more.

"George Ticknor, a distinguished historical writer ami man of letters, was born at Boston, Massachusetts, on the first of August, 1791. From a very early age li** showed a passion for books, which, under tin* judicious nurture which he received at home, became still stronger as he grew in years. While yet a boy, he punned his examination for admission into Dartmouth College, Hanover, where he took his degree when hardly sixteen years old. Far from regarding this as the completion of his education, he wisely considered it us only the beginning of it. On returning home, he gave three years more to his favourite studies. In order to get a inure thorough acquaintance with the ancients, he became a pupil of the Rev. Dr. Gardiner, an excellent divine, emiuent for his classical attainment*, and who hud received his own education under the celebrated Dr. Parr.

"When nineteen years old, -Mr. Ticknor entered the office of an eminent lawyer in Boston, and after the usual term of preparation was regularly admitted to the bar. Hut, although lie had pursued his professional studies with assiduity, he was satisfied that his vocation—or, at least, his taste—lay in tindirection of letters rather than of law. His father's circumstances were, fortunately, such as to enable the voting student to consult bis taste in the selection of his profession. Having thus chosen his career, Mr. Ticknor now resolved to make himself a scholar iu the best sense of the word. In IMS he went to Europe, where the well-stored libraries and admirable apparatus for instruction gave him greater facilities for accomplishing his purpose than he could have fonnd in his own country. Two years he passed at GUttingen, attending the lectures of the University, and devoting himself to philological studies, especially to tlit* ancient classics. Two years longer he remained in Kurope, chiefly on the Continent, passing most of his time in the principal capitals, us affording obvious advantages for a critical study of the national literatures. During his absence he was [in 1*17] ap|Mjinted to fill the chair of Smith Professor of Modern languages and Literature in Harvard College, Cambridge; and he accepted an office so congenial with hie own taste and previous studies. In 1819 be returned to the United States, bringing with him a valuable library which he had collected in the different European capitals. This, in time, has grown to be one of the largest private collections in the country, and. for the rarity and Importance of the K>oks, is unsurpassed, in some of its departments, by any private collection in Europe. This is especially true of those departments which came within the range

of his professorship, and which were admirably supplied with whatever could throw light on the academic career on which he was to enter. Lectures on modern literature form one of the chief duties of the Smith professor. Mr. Ticknor during his connection with the university gave long and elaborate courses on both the French and Spanish literatures. He also entered into a criticnl analysis of such writers as Dante, 0tit he, Milton, Shakspere,—those master-spirits who have stamped the peculiar character of their genius on the poetry of their nations. The audience of the lectures, instead of being confined to students, was increased by persons without the walls of the college, attracted not merely by the interest of the subject, but by the skill exhibited by the critic, his luminous and often eloquent diction, and the impressive manner of his delivery. After holding his office for fifteen years, Mr. Ticknor [in 1835] resigned it, preparatory to another visit to Europe, where he proposed to spend some years with his family. His labours were attended with signal benefit to the university. He was the tlr?>t professor on the Smith foundation, anil the duty devolved on him of giving a complete organization to the department, which includes a number of teachers. He, moreover, during his connection with Harvard, suggested several valuable improvements in the system of discipline, for which he had derived the hints from the German universities. Finally, he hud greatly extended the range of intellectual culture among the students at the university, where literary instruction had hitherto been confined to tho classics. Mr. Ticknor spent three years in his second visit to Europe, and after his return set about the preparation of his great work. At the close of 1849 the 'History of Spanish Literature1 made its appearance in England and the United States. Humboldt, in a letter dated [June 19, I860] shortly after Its publication, pronounced its panegyric in a single sentence, declaring it 'a masterly work.' The judgment of the illustrious German was speedily confirmed by that of tho leading journals latth in Europe and our own country. The nature of the subject, it might be thought, would have restricted the demand for the book to a comparatively small nnrnl>er of readers. Hut the extent of the sales—to the credit of our country—proved the contrary, continuing the remark of the Edinburgh Review, [Oct. ISoO, 40n,] that 'perhaps of all conij>ositious of the kind .Mr. Ticknor's work has the most successfully combined popularity of style with sound criticism and extensive research within its own department.' The edition published in England met with the most cordial reception from the scholars of that country; while In Germany and in Spain translations soon appeared, under the auspices of eminent men of letters, who have added to the value of their labours by their own annotations. It is unnecessary to go into the discussion of a work the merits of which have been so well established in Imimi hemispheres. We will dismiss it with tin' remark that, although purporting to bo simply a history of literature, it is conducted on such principles as to exhibit most vividly the social civilisation of the Peninsula; and, independently of it;* stores of bibliographical information for the use, of the scholar, it will be no less serviceable to the student of history, who would arqnatnt himself with the character and condition of the Spaniard and see in what manner they have been affected by the peculiar institutions of the country."

To this sketch, written early in 1855, I append a supplement.

The first edition of the History of Spanish Literature, published, as we have seen, in 18-19, (N. York, Harper &. brothers, 3 vols. 8vo; London, John Murray, 3 vols. Svo,) waa followed by a second edition (publishers ut supra) in 1854, 3 vols. Svo, and by a third American edition, corrected and enlarged, Boston, Ticknor A Fields. lSfi3, 3 vols. 12uio. To these arc to be added the following translations: I. Historia de la Literatura Espanola, por M. G. Ticknor j traducida al Castellano, con Adiciones y Notas criticas, por Hon Pascual do Gayangos y Don Enrique de Vedia, Madrid. 1851-57, 4 vols. Svo. ri. Geschichte der Schoncn-Literatur in Spanien, von Georg Ticknor; Deutsch in it Zusatzen herausgegeben, vonNikolaus Heinrich Julius, Leipzig, 1852,2 vols. 8vo. See a notice of those translations in N. Amer. Rev., Ixxvi. (Jan. 1853) 256. III. In French, by Magnabal, in preparation, 1870.

From the many reviews of this admirable work lying before me. a few lines each from eight or nine, written in different countries, must suffice:

"No one that has not been in Spain can feel half the merit of your work; but to tho«e who have, it is a perpetual banquet. . . . It 1" well worth a lifetime to achieve such a work."— Washington Irving to the Author, Feb. 15, 1850; Irving** Lift and Letters, iv. 69.

"Mr. Ticknor, who has displayed the resources of a wellstored and accomplished mind in his recent work on the Literature of Spain."—Eirl Of Cahlislk: Two Lects. on the Poetry of l*ope, and on his Travels in America, 1851.

"The work is, by general consent, the most complete history of Spanish literature iu any language, full, minute, and precise in information, and eminently fair and candid in spirit. The author appears in his researches almost to have exhausted existing materials, whether bibliographical or biographical,—overlooking nothing aud neglecting nothing."—Knight's Kng. Vyc.y Biog., vi., 18T.8, 62.

••Written with great conscientiousness and with singular critical circumspection and judgment."—F. Wolf: Dissert, read to the Imp. Acad, of Vienna.

"Re>ultat de recherches in fat i gables, cctte histnlre ne laisse rien a desirer a 1'egard du sujet qu'elle traite. £lle est inflnl

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(1855) 124, - .. Ixxi. 187, (by (!. Livermore.) xcii. 14(5, (by A. P. Peabodv,) xc. 5:t4, xciv. Sal, and xcvii. 55(1. (all three bv C. C. Smith;) Lon. Header. 1863, ii. ICO: Atlantic Mon.. Nov. 1864; CarTer, Francis; Fox, Hkxry Richard.

The student should ndd to Tieknor's History:

I. Mo.Urn Poets and Poetry of Spain, by James Kennedy. Lon.. 1852, 8vo. Sec Kknneiiv, James.

II. Stu.lien zur Geschichto der Spanischen lind Portugiesischen Nationallitcratur, von F. Wolf, Berlin, 1851), 8vo.

"This Is the most thorcngh work upon the subject In the

(xsnnan language; the author has spent i n it many years of

labor. — Amer. Theolog. Rrr., Feb. 1860. 159.

III. Diccionariu Bibliograj.hico Portuguez, Ac., by Innocencio Francisco da Silva, Lisbon, 1858-02, 7 vols. Svo.

u There i« scarcely a single article of the many which we have ex.inined. which does not contain new and valuable information. —L-m. Athen., 18.VJ, ii. 205.

Mr. Tieknor's great, work was preceded by several minor publications, viz.: 1. Syllabus or a Course of Lectures on the History and Criticism of Spanish Literature, Camb., 1823, Svo, pp. 88. See Prescott's Ferd. »nd Isah., Ilth ed., 1856, ii. 249, n., and his Miscell.. e<i. 1855, 126, 6.(5, n. 2. Outlines of the Principal Event* in the Life of General Lafayette, (from N. Amor ?„•."-•'fBD' IS25' 14"-'s».) Bost., 1825, Svo; Portland! Imj. Svo: Lon., 1826, Svo; in French, Paris, 1825, Svo -Sir. Tieknor's beautiful sketch."—Edward Evekett: Oruwms and Speeches, i. 458.

3. Remarks on Changes lately Proposed or Adopted 10 Harvard University, Camb.. 1825, Svo, pp. 48 : 2d ed., Bost., 1825, 8vo. See Joseph Story's Miscell. Writings, «d. 1852, 295. 4. Report of the Board of Visitors on the United States Military Academy at West Point for l *2«, 8vo, pp. 16. 5. The Remains of Nathan Appleton with a Memoir of his Life, Camb., 1827, 8vo,

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pp. 351; 2d ed., Bost., 1828, Svo. Sec Have*, Nathas Appleton. 6. Remarks on the Lifo and Writings of Daniel Webster, of Massachusetts, Phila., 1831, 8vo pp 48. From Amer. Quar. Rev., ix. 420. 7. Lecture on the Best Methods of Teaching the Living Languages; delivered before the American Institute of Education Aug. 21, 1S32, Bost., 1833, 8vo, pp. 19. 8. Review of Memoirs oi the Rev. Joseph Buckuiinstor and tho Rov. Joseph Stevens Buckininsicr, (from Chris. Exam., Sept. 1S49,) Camb., 1849, 8vo, pp. 29. He has also contributed to A Memorial of Daniel Webster from tho City of Boston, 1853. Svo, (see N. Amer. Rev., lxxvi. 263;) to Duyckinck's Cyo. of Amer. Lit., and to this Dictionary, (see Bviio.v. George Gonno.v, Lour; Scott, Silt Walter, Ac.,) and in earlier life wrote a number of papers for The Monthly Anthology, North American Review, American Quarterly Review, (see especially iv. 308, on The Early Spanish Drama,) Christian Examiner, io. His eloquent tribute lo the virtues, learning, and accomplishments of the most intimate of his friends will bo found in tho Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society in Respect to the Memory of William Hickling Prescott, Feb. 1, 1859, Bost., 1859, Svo, (see pp. 6-10, 29;) iiu.l ho has since published: 9. Life of William Hickling Prescott, Post., Ticknor k Fields, 1S64, 4to, (illustrated.) 8vo (Library,) and 12iuo, (Popular;) Lon, Routledge, 186l! Svo.

"We haw in the work before us a delightful addition to the class of literary biography, Tor which we venture to predict a wide and enduring popularity. "It is the biography of one who was not milyan eminent man of letters, but also, in his privato cbiinu-ter and personal relations, one of the most frank, amiable, warm-hearted, and open-hearted of human beings. Ii is written by a ma,, who from early youth was his intimate friend, and knew and understood him as well as one man can know and understand another,—whom all the common friends of the two would have pointed out as the most proper person to do tho V ,!?,!',"',' h" h"s li""<'-"-GE<maK s_ ll„.L.iRD. N Amrr K Jim. I on J, 1,

- His biographer—a life-long friend—appears to have wrought in a Hinnlar spirit, and to have produced a memoir whose perfect adequacy to its end leaves hardly any scope for criticisni."L<m. Reader, 1804, i. 258.

See, also. Atlantic Mon., Jan. 1864. and Amer Quar Church Rev. and Eceles. Reg., July, 1864. ■ "J))'r '*,"' ,i,<!ral'.v biography, in the strict sense of the term l« ricknora • Lite of Presiiitt.' It is the work of a scholar sn.l a trlend; its facts are drawn from Intimate pcisoii.il knowledgeits spirit „ inspired by rare intellectual sympathy, and its execuiion controlled by disciplined taste."—Xew iwk Tribuue reb. .'t, 1S.II. ^^

This is a labour of love which the subject of it but little foresaw: "1 suppose " he remarked to Mr. Mill.urn, only a few hours

before bis sudden death, "that Tick will never write another

UooK ; lint be lias been doing perhaps better for the community and posterity, by devoting himself for several years to the interests ,,| the Boston City Library, which may be taken In good part as his work; and a more valuable contribution to Hie g..o.l of the people has seldom been made. It is a rare thing for inch an institution to get a man so qualified, by taste, knowledge and accomplishment, to Io..k ..Tier its interests with such ener-y and patience."—/Vuroft Memorial, N. York. 18.VJ, xxvi.

But. as we have seen, Mr. Ticknor was to write at least one '• other hook,"—the Lifo of the friend of many years, who thus praised him from a full heart. On looking over Prescott's letters to myself, I find the following lines under date of Dec. 4. 1854:

"I hope it will be long before I am called on to do the good turn to my friend Ticknor of writing his obituary."

Mr. Ticknor has also since commemorated the talents and virtues of another friend, in bis—10. Remarks on the Character of the Late Edward Everett, made at st Meeting of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Jan 30, KS6o; from the Memorial of Edward Everett, 1865. r. Svo, 1. p., pp. 16.

I should not forget to ndd, as a proof that Mr. Tieknor's zeal on behalf of the Public Library of the City of Boston has lost nothing of its ardour,'that in 1 SCO he, contributed to its shelves at one time nearly two thousand volumes.

For other notices of Mr. Ticknor, I refer the render to Duyckinck's Cyo. of Amer. Lit.; Men of the Time • (Jriswold's Prose Writers of America: Lockhart's Life' of Scott, (sec, also, Goodrich's Rceollec, ii. 198 ;) Leslie's Autobiographical Recollections; Southey's Life and Corresp.; Memoirs of Rev. Sydney Smith"; Miss Mitford's Lit. Rceollec.; Quincy's Hist, of Harvard College; Prescott's Ferd. and Isab., i., Pref., vii., his Mexico, i., Prof xvi., and his Miscell.: Dedication: Life and Letters ofl Joseph Story; Works of Daniel Webster, and also his Private Correspondence; Randall's Life of Jefferson • N Amer. Rev., lxxxii. 403, (by H. A. Whitney;) Letter of

A. von Humboldt to George Tieknor, Berlin, 9 May, 1858, in Boston Courier and Living Age, 1858; Ford, Richard; Hamilton, Alexander.

"You no doubt well remember the time before the flood [181519] when two highly-gifted, classically educated Americans, Tieknor and Everett, travelled all over Europe. Tieknor again appears upon the horizon. Receive him with the kindness which you so well know how to exercise. For that you Khali have my thanks. Tieknor is the friend of our house."—A. vfn Humboldt to Cher. Hunscn, 1636: Letters to Hvmcn, Berlin, 1869.

Tieknor, Luther, M.D., a brother of Caleb Tieknor, M.D., and a native of Jericho, Vt., d. at Salisbury, Conn., 1846, aged 55. Annua] Address, Med. Instit. Yale College, 1841, 8vo. See N.York Jour, of Med., May, 1846, (Obituary.)

Tidball, William Linn. The Mexican's Bride; or, The Ranger's Revenge, N. York, 1860, 8vo.

Tidcombe, Jeremiah, Curate of St. Peter's Poor, London. 1. Senn., 1732, 8vo. 2. Serm., 1734, 8vo. 3. Berms. on Prnctical Subjects, Lon., 1758, 8vo.

"Hanked among the most elegant that have appeared in the English language. —Lon. Hon. iter.

Tidd, William, of the Inner Temple. 1. Law of Costs in Civil Actions, Lon., 1792, 8vo; Dub]., 1793, 24nio. 2. Practico of the Court of King's Bench in Personal Actions, Ac, Lon.: Part 1, 1790, 8vo; 2d ed., 1798, 8vo; Part 2, 1794, 8vo: the whole, called 2d cd., 1799, 2 vols. 8vo, (sco No. 3;) 3d ed., 1803, 2 vols. 8vo; 4th cd., 1808, 2 vols. 8vo; 5th cd., 1814, 2 vols. 8vo; 8th ed., 1824, 2 vols. 8vo; 9th cd., 1828, 2 vols. 8vo; Supp., 1830, r. 8vo; Supp., 1832, r. 8vo; Supp., 1833, r. 8vo. New Practice in the Courts of K. B., C. P., and Exch. of Pleas, in Personal Actions and Ejectments, Ac, 1S37, r. 8vo.

"This is a consolidation of the several Supplements to Mr. Tidd's Practice, and constitutes, with thy ninth edition of that work, the whole body of the Common Law Practice down to the time of publication."—14 Leg. Obs.t 123.

"Since then, however, such material changes have been effected as to render a new edition, by either Mr. Tidd himself or n thoroughly experienced and competent editor, indispensable. If such a one wero to be published, it would be invaluable to the student and practitioner."— Warren's Law Stu.,'M ed., 1845, 752.

Amer. edits.: 2d ed., N. York, 1807, 2 vols. 8vo; 2d ed., from 8th Lon. ed., by F. .1. Troubat, Phila., 1828, 2 vols. 8vo; 3d, from 9th Lon. cd., by F. J. Troubat, 1840,

2 vols. 8vo; 4th, from 9th Lon. cd., by A. J. Fish, 1856, 2 vols. 8vo.

"The original work has a reputation so high, as a full, accn.rate. and authoritative text-book, as to render unnecessary any remarks in regard to its merits. Mr. Fish's annotations have added greatly to its value."—George SnARSWoOD, Phila., 1856.

See, also, Baglcy's Cham. Pr., Pref.: 10 Went. PI., Pref., 5; Kennel's Forms, 9 ; Lee's Diet. Pr., Pref.; Hoffman's Leg. Stu., 374; 1 Saund. Rep., 318, n.; 8 Barn. A Cres., 3; 2 Cromp. A Jer., 316; 2 Y. A Jer., 562; 1 Jur., 483; Marvin's Leg. Bibl.. 691; 61 Blackw. Mag., 137.

"When I was in a special pleader's office, a brother pupil thus began to versify 'Tidd's Practice:'—

'Actions are all, and this I'll stick to,
Vet er contractu ret delicto.'"

Lord Campbell: Lives of the Lord Chancellors, {Lord Hardwicke,) ch. exxix., n.

"' I am improving my legal knowledge. Master Copperfield,' laid Uriah. 'I am going through Tidd's Practice., Oh, what a writer Mr. Tidd is, Master Copperfield!'"—David Cojrper/icld, ch. xii.

3. Practical Forms; being chiefly designed as an Appendix to the Practice of the Court of King's Bench in Personal Actions, Ac, Lon., 1799, 8vo, (see No. 4 ;) Albany, 1803, 8vo; 6th ed., Lon., 1824, r. 8vo: 8th ed.,

1840, r. 8vo ; Bost., 1850, 8vo. 4. Forms of Proceedings in Replovin and Ejectment, intended as a Supplement to the First Edition of Practical Forms, Lon., 1804, 8vo. 5. Uniformity of Process Act, Personal Actions, Ac, 1833, 12mo.

"For more than forty years his works have been my Btudy. .. . I delight to dwell on the recollections of tho instructors of my youth; and to no one more thau Mr. Tidd do I owe great obligations."—Joseph 8tort, May 13,1843: Life and Letters, ii. 434.

Tiddeman, Uev. It. P. G. 1. Thucydidcs: with Notes, chiefly Historical and Geographical, by the Late T. Arnold, D.D.; with Indices, 5th cd., Oxf. and Lon.,

3 vols. 8vo. 2. Thucydides; the Text of Arnold, with his Argument; the Indexes now first adapted to his Edition, 1850, 8vo.

Tidemore, James. Romanism and Dissent, Lon.,

1841, 12mo.

Tidey, £., Jr. Miscellaneous Effusions of the Muse, 1805, 12mo.

Tidswell, Richard T. 1. With Holdsworth, W. A., New Law of Marriage and Divorce, Lon., 1857, 12mo. 2. With Littler, R. D. M., Practico and Evi

dence in Divorce Cases, 1860, 12mo. 3. Inn-Keeper's Legal Guide, 1864, fp. 8vo.

Tie, Peter. Book of Wisdom, trans, into English Metre, Lon., 8vo.

Tieruey, George, the leader of the Whig party in the House of Commons, famous for his sarcastic powers, was b. at Gibraltar, Mar. 20, 1761, d. in London, Jan. 25,1830. He published a few political pamphlets, 9. o. in Watt's Bibl. Brit. See Blackw. Mag., rill. 569, xvii. 515, xix. 637, xxii. 408, 410, 612, 614, xxiii. 474, xxvi. 941, xxvii. 552, (Obituary:) Lon. Gent. Mag., 1825, i. 503, 1830, i. 268, (Obituary,) 293, 386 ; Ann. Obit., 1830; Edin. Rev., lxviii. 247, (also in Lord Brougham's Contrib. to Edin. Rev., 1856, i. 327, and in his States. Time Geo. III., ed. 1856, ii. 129;) New Whig Guide.

"Tierney,—a very powerful speaker: clear and close in his reasoning, concise and simple in his language. Canning fears him more than he fears any one."—Henry Grattan: Itccotlec. by S. lingers, 1859, 93. «

Tierney, Rev. Canon Mark Aloysius, a native of Brighton, England, educated under the Franciscan fathers in Warwickshire, and at the Collego of St. Edmund, near Ware, was ordained priest, ISIS; became chaplain to Bernard Edward, Duke of Norfolk, 1824; held for many years tho pastoral charge of the R. Catholic congregation at Arundel, and d. there, Feb. 19, 1862, aged 66. 1. History and Antiquities of the Castle and Town of Arundel, including the Biography of its Earls, from tho Conquest to the Present Time, Lon., 1834,

2 vols. r. 8vo, £1 12».; 1. p., 4to, £4 4».: W. B. D. D. Turnbull, Dec 1863, illustrated, extended to 4 vols. 4to, £61. Commended by Lon. Gent. Mag., 1834, i. 513, and Lon. Athen., 1834, 41. 2. Reply to Cardinal Wiseman's Letter to his Chapter, 1859, 8vo. To this is prefixed the letter to The Rambler which is tho subject of his Eminence's strictures. On the formation of the Sussex Archaeological Society, in 1846, he became its local secretary, supervised many of its papers, and contributed to vols. iii. (1849 : see Lon. Gent. Mag., 1851, ii. 41) and xii., (1860.) He contributed antiquarian and theological papers to several periodicals. See, also, Dodd, Charles.

Tiesset, Madame. 1. Little French Instructor, Lon., 1846, 12mo : Sequel, 1849, 12mo. 2. Little French Reader, Chclt., 1853, sq. 18mo.

Tiesset, Mademoiselle. Young Lady's French Instructor, Lon., 1854, 12mo.

Tiesset, C. Tables for the Conjugation of French Verbs, 2d ed., Lon., 1858, 3 fol. sheets.

Tiffany, a Judge in Michigan. 1. Justice's Guide, 3d ed., Detroit. 2. Criminal Law. 3. Form Book for Attorneys, Ac. in Michigan; in press, 1860.

Tiffany, Joel. 1. With Billahd, E. F., Law of Trusts and Trustees as administered in England and America, Albany, 1862, r. 8vo. 2. With Smith, Henry, A Treatise upon Practice and Pleadings in Actions and Special Proceedings in the Courts of Record in the State of New York, 1864, 3 vols. 8vo. 3. With Smith, Henry, Tho Book of Forms, adapted to the New York Practice in Actions and Special Proceedings, Ac, 1865, 8vo. 4. Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the Court of Appeals of the State of New York, with Notes, 1S66,

3 vols. 8vo. 5. A Treatise on Government and Constitutional Law; being an Inquiry into the Source and Limitation of Governmental Authority according to the American Theory, 1867, 8vo.

Tiffany, Osmond, a resident of Springfield, Mass., was b. in Baltimore, Md., 1823.

1. The Canton Chinese; or, The American's Sojourn in the Celestial Empire, Bost., 1849, 12mo. Commended. 2. Sketch of the Life of Gen. Otho H. Williams, Bait., 1851, 8vo. 3. Brandon; or, A Hundred Years Ago; a Tale of the American Colonies, N. York, Sept. 4, 1858, 12mo; 2d cd., Sept. 20, 1858, 12mo. Commended by N. Amer. Rev., lxxxvii. 568, (A. P. Peabody.) Contributor to Appleton's New American Cyclopaedia, N. Amer. Rev., Chris. Exam., Knickerbocker, Atlantic Monthly, Ac.

Tiffany, T. Daily Comforter, Lon., 12mo.

Tiffen, W. Hnnd-Book and Guide to the Town and Port of Folkestone, 4th cd., Folkestone, 1853, 12mo.

Tiffen, Rev. William. New Help and Improvement in the Art of Swift Writing, Ac, Lon., 1751, 8vo.

Tiffin, Edward, M.D., a Methodist divine, b. in Carlisle, England, 1766; Governor of Ohio, 1803-7; U.S. Senator, 1807-fl; d. Aug. 9, 1829. Three of his sermons, preached 1817, wero published in the Ohio Conference Offering, 1851. See Sprague's Annals, vii., Methodist, 205-210.

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