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Thomson, Robert Dundas, M.D., Medical Officer of Health and Analyst for St. Marylebonc, late Professor of Chemistry at St. Thomas's Hospital, London, and at the University of Glasgow, is a nephew and sonin-law of the late eminent chemist, Thomas Thomson, M.D., {infra, </. «.,) and was b. about 18U5. 1. Experimental Researches on the Food of Animals and the Fattening of Cattle; with Remarks on the Food of Man, Lon., 1846, 12mo; N.York, 1846, 12mo; 1856, 12mo.

"The question of the oripiu of the fat of animals appears to be completely resolved by these beautiful mid elaborate experiments.''—Iuron Likbio.

Also commended by Pharm. Jour., Farm. Jour., Ac

2. School Chemistry, Lon., 1847, fp. 8vo; 2d ed., 1862, fp. Svo. This is the text-book at St. Thomas's Hospital.

3. Cyclopaedia of Chemistry, with its Applications to Mineralogy, Physiology, and the Arts, Lou. and Ulasg., 1854, p. 8vo.

*'In every respect worthy of praise. It is, within a limited space, by fur the best compendium of Chemistry which we have yet seen.''—Lon. Lancet.

Also commended by Lon. Athen., 1S54, 551, and Lon. Lit. Uax., 1854, 349.

lie edited, with the assistance of (his uncle) Thomas Thomson, M.D., (a contributor to almost every number,) The Records of General Science, 1835—36, 4 vols., and also edited British Annual Epitome of the Progress of Science, 1837-33, 3 vols. 18ino, and has contributed to medical journnls. In 1863 he published in The Medical Times and Gazette a series of Lectures on the Chemical Manipulations which may fall to the Lot of the General Medical Practitioner, (with illustrations.) Died in 1864.

Thomson, S. £• Malida's Birthday ; a Tulc, Lon., 18 mo.

Thomson, Samnel, M.D. Exercitations and Meditations upon some Texts of Scripture, Lon., 1676, Svo.

Thomson, Samuel, M.D., founder of the " Thomsoninn System," d. in Boston, 1843, aged 74. 1. Materia Medica and Family Physician, Albany. 2. New Guide to Health and Family Physician, new ed., Lon., 1849, 12mo. 3. Life and Medical Discoveries, written by himself, Host., 1825, 12mo; 3d ed., with Supp., 1832, 12mo. See, also, Lectures on Mcdicnl Botany, bv S. Robinson, 1830, 12mo; 1835, 24mo; Comfort, J. W., M.D., (4th cd.)

Thomson, Spencer, M.D., of Haunton, Burtonupou-Trcnt, England. 1. British Cholera: its Nature and Causes Considered, Ac, Lon., 1S48, p. Svo.

"Tin- work is sensible and well written."—Lon. Lancet.

Also commended by Brit, and For. Med.-Chir. Rev., Ac.

2. Use and Abuse of Alcoholic Liquors, 1S50. p. Svo. 3. Dictionary of Domestic Medicine and Household Surgery, Jnn.-Dcc. 1852, 12 p. Svo Pts.; 8th ed., 1859, p. Svo; 25th 1000, 1863, p. Svo; 1806, p. Svo; 1869, p. 8vo; 1870, p. 8vo. See Smith, Henry H., M.D. See Lon. Athen., 1859, ii. 463. Commended. 4. Wanderings among Wild Flowers, 2d ed., 1S54, 12tno; 8th ed., 1861, fp. 8voj 1864, fp. Svo; 1866, fp. Svo. Commcuded by Lon. Gent. Mag., 1SG0, i. C13. 5. The Structure and Functions of the Eye Illustrative of the Power, Wisdom, and Goodness of God, 1857, cr. 8vo.

"A worthy companion to Sir Charles Bell's Bridgewater Treatise on tho Hand."—Christian Treasury.

Also commended by Dubl. Med. Jour., Lon. Athcn., Ac. 6. Health Resorts of Britain, 1800, p. 8vo.

"An intelligent guide."—Lon, Athen., 1860, ii. 53.

7. Wayside Weeds; or. Botanical Lessons, 1864, p. 8vo. 8. Handy Book of Domestic Mediciue and Household Surgery, 1865, Svo.

Thomson, T. It. Brazilian Slave-Trade and its Remedy, Lon., Svo.

Thomson, Thomas, M.D., Regius Professor of Chemistry in the University of Glasgow, b. at Crieff, Perthshire, April 12, 1773, and educated at tho parish schools of Crieff and Sterling and the University of St. Andrew's; in November, 1796. succeeded his brother (see Thomson, James, D.D.) in the editorship of the third edition of the Encyclopedia Britanqica, and retained his connection with it until 1800; graduated in medicine, 1799; subsequently managed the scientific department of James Mill's (p. 1278, tupra) Literary Journal, (established in 1802;) for many years lectured on chemistry, and conducted a laboratory for pupils, in Edinburgh ; in 1817 was appointed a lecturer on, in 1818 Professor of, Chemistry in the University of Glasgow,—associating with him in 1841 bis nephew and son-in-law, Robert Dundas Thomson, (tupra,) who from 1846 discharged all the duties of tho chair\ died "on the lovely shores

of the Holy Loch," (Kilmun, Argyleshire,) July 2, 1852, in his 80th year. As a lecturer and chemical writer hia merits were very great; and his personal character was most estimable.

1. Dissertatio Chemica Inaug., De Acre Atmosphnerico, Edin., 1799, 8vo. 2. A System of Chemistry, 1802, 4 vols. 8vo. (Abridged, Phila., 1803, 4to.) He published the outlines of this work in the Supp. to Encyc. Brit., under the articles Chemistry, Mineralogy, Vegetable Substances, Animal Substances, and Dyeing Substances, —all of which appeared before the publication of the Preface, Dec. 10, 1800, in which Dr. (afterwards Bishop) Gleig highly commends them. In the article on Mineralogy, written about 1798, he first introduced tho use of symbols into chemical science,—acknowledged to be one of the most valuable improvements in modern chemistry, and adopted by Berzclius in his Mineralogy: in English, by John Black, of the Morning Chronicle, Lon., 1814, 8vo. System of Chemistry, 2d cd., Edin., 1802, 4 vols. Svo. This ed. was criticised by A. Duncan, Jr., M.D., in Edin. Rev., April, 1804, 120-151. Dr. T. responded in Remarks on tho Edinburgh Review of Dr. Thomson's Chomistry, 8vo: noticed in Blaekw. Mag., x. 673, n. System of Chemistry, 3d cd., 1807, 5 vols. Svo. In this ed. Dalton's views of the atomic theory, privately communicated to Dr. T. in 1804, are first introduced to the world, 4th ed., 1810, 5 vols. 8vo; 5th ed., Lon., 1817, 4 vols. Svo; 0th ed., Edin., 1821, 4 vols. r. Svo. This ed. was criticised in No. xxi. of Brando's Jour, of Sci., Lit., and the Arts. Dr. Thomson responded in Answer to the Review of the Sixth Edition of Dr. Thomson's System of Chemistry in No. xxi., Ac, Lon., 1822, Svo: reviewed in Blackw. Mag., xii. 40. Dr. Thomson superseded hia System by the following separate treatises: I. Chemistry of Inorganic Bodies, 7th ed., 1831, 2 vols.Svo; II. Chemistry of Organic Bodies: Vegetables, 1S38, Svo; III. Chemistry of Animal Bodies, 1842, 8vo. Sec, also, No. 10. 3. Elements of Chemistry, Edjn., 1810, 8vo; Phila., 1810, 12mo. 4. History of the Royal Society from its Institution to the End of the Eighteenth Century, Lou., 1812, 4to, £2 2*.; 1. p., r. 4to, £3 12*. Pub. as a companion to the Abridgment of the Philosophical Transactions, 18 vols. 4to, (see Hutton, Chahi.es, LL.D.; Buddam, Ben J.;) Thomson's History was reviewed in Lon. Mon. Rev.Jxxii. 370. 5. Travels in Sweden during the Autumn of 1812, with an Account of Lapland, 1813, 4to. Reviewed favourably, with qualifications, in Lon. Mon. Rev., Ixxii. 113, 238. 6. Attempt to Establish tho First Principles of Chemistry by Experiment, 1825, 2 vols. Svo. A work of great value. Reviewed in N. Amer. Med. and Surg. Jour., Jan. 1S26, by Franklin Bachc, M.D. 8. Outline of the Sciences of Heat and Electricity, 1830, Svo; 2d ed., 1840, Svo. 9. History of Chemistry, 1830, 2 vols. 12mo, (National Lib.)

"I refer to Dr. Thomson's History of Chemistry for much curious learning on the uh-beiny of the Middle A^es. ... A took of reputation."—IfatUim's Lit. Hi.', of Europe, 4th ed, 1S64, i. 116, n.

Also commended by Lon. Lit. Gaz., Lon. Courier, Lon. Atlas, and Lon. Spec.

10. Outlines of Mineralogv, Geology, and Mineral Analysis, 1836, 2 vols. 8vo; Phila., 1839, 2 vols. Svo. Partly taken from his System of Chemistry, 7th edition. It gives an account of about fifty new minerals which he had discovered in little more than ten years. 11. Treatises on Brewing and Distillation, Edin., 1849, p. Svo.

In 1813 he originated the Annals of Philosophy, and edited it until 1822, when it was undertaken by Richard Phillips. (*«»ro\) In 1827 tho work was purchased by Richard Taylor, («upra,) and by him merged in the Philosophical Magazine. (See Tim.och, Alexander, LL.D.) Of the Annals there are 28 vols. Svo, 1813-26 inc., pub. at £21. It is claimed that in the Annals Dr. T. "introduced a system of giving annual reports on the progress of science: the first of these was published in 1813, and the last in 1819." Sec, also, Sandford, Sir Daniel Kbyte, Knt., D.C.L. See biographical notices of Dr. Thomson in Chambers's and Thomson's Biog. Diet, of Em. Scots., ed. 1855, v. 563-570, and Lon. Gent. Mag., 1852, ii. 202, and Lon. Lit. Gnx., 1852, 546, 561; and a list of many of his papers in Nic. Jour., Trans. Soo. Edin., and thorn. Ann. Philos., in Watt's Bibl. Brit.

Thomson, Thomas, a brother of the Rev. John Thomson, the eminent painter, (tupra,) was b. at Duilly, Ayrshire, 1768, and educated at the University of Glasgow; became an advocate, 1793 j Deputy Clerk Registrar of Scotland, 1806 ; a Principal Clerk of Session, 1828-52; President of the Bannatyne Club, 1832; d. at his residence at Shrubhill, between Edinburgh and Leith, Oct. 2, 1852. We have already referred to some of the works edited by him for the Bannatyne Club, Ac, (gee Hopk, Sir Thomas; Lesley, John, No. 4; Mackenzie, Sir George; Melvil, Melyile, or Melville, Sir James: Murray, Ladv Griseld, Ac.:) for a complete list of the historical, legal, biographical, and other publications superintended by him,—for the Bannatyne Club, Maitlund Club, the Record Commission, private circulation, Ac,—we refer to Chambers's and Thomson's Biog. Diet, of Em. Scots., ed. 1855, v. 570-575, and Lon. Gent. Mag., 1852, ii. 639, (Obituary.) See, also, Bonn's Lowndes, vol. vi., Appendix; Memoir of Thomas Thomson, Advocate, by Cosmo Innes, 1855, 8vo, (Bannatyne Club;) Turner, Sir James.

'* He understands more of old books, old laws, and old history than any man in Scotland."—Sir Walter Scott: Letter to George KM*.

"This most learned and judicious antiquary in Scotland. . . . No one ha* tloiie nearly so much to recover, to arrange, to explain, and to preset ve our historical muniments."—Loud CueKBcrv: Lift of Lord Jeffrey.

** He was a man of trreat and varied learning and a highly refined mind."—Lord Murray : Address at Anniv. Sue. of Antiq., 1863.

** Iti Scotland, it was in the earlier issues of the Bannntyne that Thomas Tiiouihoii, too indolent [1] or fastidious to commit himself to the writing of a bonk, left the most accessible vestiges of that power of practically grasping historical fact* and conditions, which Scott admired so greatly and acknowledged ■o much benefit from."—John Hill Burton: The Book-Hunter, etc.: Some Book-Club Men, 1862, fp. 8vo.

"The learned and accomplished Vice-President of the Bannatyne Club."— /Win. Rev., April, 1830, 40.

Many compliments to Thomson are scattered throughout Scott's writings. He was one of the founders of the Edinburgh Review, contributed several articles to its earlier numbers, and, during the occasional absences of Jeffrey, acted as its editor.

Thomson, Thomas, minister of the Relief Congregation, St. James's Place, Edinburgh. Sermons on Important Subjects ; Revised and Corrected for the Press by the Rev. James Scott, Edin., 1822, 8vo.

Thomson, Thomas. De Courci, and other Poems, Lon., 8ro.

Thomson, Rev. Thomas. 1. History of Scotland for Schools, Edin., 1849, 12moj rod. to 3s. Qd. and 4»n 1851.

"By far the best school history of Scotland which has yet been published.1'—Educttt. Jour.

** A superior book of its class."—Lon. Spectator.

2. With Macfarlane, Charles, (p. 1168, supra,) The Comprehensive History of England, Civil and Military, Religious, Intellectual, and Social; from the Earliest Periods to the Suppression of the Sepoy Revolt, Glasg., Edin., and Lon., (Blackie A Son,) 1858-61, 4 vols. sup. r. Svo, with above 1100 engravings on wood, Ac, £4.

"We regard this publication as by far the most beautiful, cheap, and really 'comprehensive' history of the nation which has ever yet appeared."—John Bull.

Also commended by Lon. Globe, Wesley an Times, and News of the World.

He edited, with A Memoir of the Author, The Rise and Fall of Papacy, (see Flbmixo, Robert, Jr.,) Lon. and Edin., 1849, fp. 8vo, and prefixed a Memoir to the Works of James Hogg, The Ettrick Shepherd, in Poetry and Prose, Edin., 1865, 2 vols. r. 8vo. See, also, ChamBers. William and Robert.

Thomson, Thomas, Assistant Surgeon Bengal Army, Superintendent of the East India Company's Botanic Gardens at Calcutta, is a son of Thomas Thomson, M.D., the eminent chemist, (supra.) Western Himalaya and Tibet: the Narrative of a Journey through the Mountains of Northern India during the Years 1847 and 1848, Lon., 1852, 8vo.

"'Few more valuable volumes of travels than this by Dr. Thomson have been for a long time past published."—Lon. Athen., 1852, 1032.

Also commended by Lon. Gardener's Chron.

Thomson, W. Tradesman's Travels in the United States, Lon., 1843, 12mo.

Thomson, Rev. W. A. See Orme, William, No. 1.

Thomson, W. T. 1. Notes on the Pecuniary Interests of Heirs of Entail, Scotland, Lon., 1849, 8vo. 2. Actuarial Tables, Carlisle Three per Cents., 1853, 4to. 3. On Decimal Numeration, 1854, 8vo.

Thomson, William. In Canticum Canticorum, Ac, Lon., 1583, 8vo.

Thomson, William. Orpheus Caledonius; or, A Collection of the Best Scottish Songs, set to Musick, Lon.,

1725, fol.j 2d ed., 1733, 2 vols. 8vo. Rare. See Blackw. Mag., xlv. 4, 6.

Thomson, William, M.D. Papers in Med. Obs. and Inq., 1770, '75.

Thomson, William, LL.D., b. in Perthshire, 1746, after some experience as assistant minister of Monivnird, caruo to London, and was actively engaged there as a man of letters until a few years before his death, March 16, 1817. Among his avowed works are: 1. The Man in the Moon; a Novel, Lon., 1782, 2 vols. 12wo. 2. Travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa, 1782. A compilation. 3. Memoirs of the War in Asia, 1788, 2 vols. 8vo. 4. MamnUfth; a Novel, 1789, 2 vols. 12mo. 5. Military Memoirs, 2d ed., 1805, 8vo. 6. Caledonia; a Tragedy, 1818, 8vo. Ho also wrote and assisted in a number of works which appeared without his name, (see Xewte, Thomas; SteAdman, C.;) prepared for the press Rev. John L. Buchanau's Travels in the Western Hebrides, and, it is said, Rev. James Hall's Travels in Scotland; and wrote for Dodsley's Annual Register, the English Review, the European Magazine, the Political Herald, and the Whitehall Evening Post. See, also, CunningHam, Alexander; Watson, Robert, LL.D., No. 2; J. II. Burton's Book-Hunter, Ac: His Nature, n., (1S62, fp. 8vo.)

The designation of " literary hack" is not coveted by men of letters; but surely Thomson earned it:

"Nothing came amine to him,—history, biography, voyages. travels and memoir*, novel* and romance*, pamphlet* arid periodical*. In all lie wrote largely and wrote well."—Chambers's and Tttomson's Biog. Dirt, of Em. Scots., ed. 1855, fv. 378.

Thomson, William. An Enquiry into the Elementary Principles of Beauty in the Works of Nature and Art; to which is prefixed an Introductory Discourse on Taste, Lon., 1800, 4to, pp. 230, with 12 plates.

Thomson, William* Journeys through Italy and Switzerland, Lon., p. 8vo.

Thomson, William, M.D., one of the Physicians of the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, and Twining, William, (9. p., No. 1,) Surgeon of the General Hospital of Calcutta. Practical Treatise on the Diseases of the Liver and Biliary Passages, (by Thomson;) also Clinical Illustrations of Diseases of the Liver and Spleen, (by Twiuing.) Lon., 1841, Svo; Phila., 1842, 8vo. "An excellent compilation."—Med.-Chir. Rev.

Thomson, William, M.D., Professor of the Theory and Practice of Physic in the University of Glasgow, contributed the articles Medicine, Practice of Physic, and Pathology to Encyc Brit., 7th ed., 1830-42.

Thomson, William, D.D., son of John Thomson, Esq., of Kelswick House, was b. at Whitehaven, Cumberland, Feb. 11, 1819, and educated at Shrewsbury School, and at Queen's College, Oxford, of which he wo* successively scholar, Fellow, and Tutor; B.A., 1S40; Deacon, 1842; Priest, 1843; pastor at Guilford and at Cuddesden for four years; Select Preacher at Oxford, 1848 and 1856; Bampton Lecturer, 1853; appointed to All Souls', Marylebone, 1855; Provost of Queen's College, Oxford, 1855; Preacher of Lincoln's Inn, 1858 to Dec 1861; Chaplain-in-Ordinary to the Queen, 1859; Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol, Dec. 1861; Archbishop of York, 1862.

1. An Outline of the Necessary Laws of Thought: a Treatise on Pure and Applied Logic, Lon., 1842, fp. Svo; 2d ed., 1849. fp. Svo; 3d ed., 1853. (some 1854,) fp. Svo; 9th 1000, 1868, cr. 8vo; Cambridge, Mass., afterwards

fublished in N.York, 1858, 12mo: 5th ed., Revised and mproved, Lon., 1860, fp. 8vo. Used as a text-book in several British universities, and in the American universities of Harvard, New York, Rochester, Ac.

'*A very acute work, and learned."—Prof. De Morgan's Logic.

"It ift one of the most important treatises upon logic that have appeared in England during the present century."—Prof. Francis Bowen, Harvard University.

"Gives a deeper view of Logic than Archbishop Whately's." —Lon. Reader, 1883, II. 6.

Also commended by Dr. Walker, (the late President of Harvard,) Sir William Hamilton, (see his Discussions, Ac, notes,) and by Morell, (see his Hist, of Mod. Philos., 2d ed., 184S, ii. 257.) See, also, Blakey's Hist, of Philos. of Mind, iv. 95; N. Amer. Rev., Ixxxiii. 382, (by F. Bowen;) Lon. Lit. Gaz., 1849, 167; Lon. Athen., 1862, i. 145; Farrar's Crit. Hist, of Free Thought, 1863, Notes on Lect. I., n. 3; Encyc. Brit., 8th ed., art. Logic; Mahan, Rkv. Asa, No. 8.

2. The Atoning Work of Christ, Bampton Lects., 1853, Nov. 1853, Svo. See Farrar's Crit. Hist, of Free Thought, Lect. VIII., note 49, at end. 3. Sermons preached in Lincoln's Inn Chapel, 1861, 8vo. 4. The Thought of Death; a Sermon on the Funeral of the Prince Consort, 1862, 8vo. 5. Primary Charge addressed to the Clergy of his Diocese, 1864, Svo. 6. Pastoral Letter to the Clergy and Laity of the Provinco of York, 1864, 8vo. Criticised by Lon. Leader, 1864, i. 616. 7. Life in the Light of God's Word; a Sermon, 1867, p. 8vo. 8. Limits of Philosophical Inquiry, 1869, Svo. lie has published several pamphlets and reviews; contributed to Sermons at Westminster Abbey for the Working Classes, 1858, 12mo; and edited, with a Preface, (contributing also paper VII., The Death of Christ,) Aids to Faith: a Scries of Theological Essays by several Writers, (intended as a reply to Essays and Reviews: seo Wilson, Henry Dhim-ow,) Jan. 1862, 8vo; 6th 1000, May, 1862, Svo; 4th ed., 1863, Svo; N. York, 1862, 12mo: noticed in Westm. Rev., April, 1S62; Amor. Thcolog. Rev., April, 1862; Prcsby. Quar. Rev., July, 1862; N. Amer. Rev., July, 1S62; Lon. Athen., 1862, i. 145; Farrar's Crit. Hist. of Free Thought, note 4. Sec, also. Smith, William, LL.D., (editor, Ac. of the Classical Dictionaries.) No. 4.

Thomson, William. Explanations with Examples lor the Azimuth and Time—Proof Plate and Scale, Lon., 1850, imp. Svo.

Thomson, Sir William, LL.D., late Fellow of St. Peter's College, Cambridge, Professor of Natural Philosophy in the University of Glasgow, and Tait, Peter Guthrie, (aupru.) Elementary Treatise on Natural Philosophy, Lon. and Camb., 8vo: vol. i., 1S67. Contributed article Telegraph to Encyc. Brit., 8th cd., xxi., (1S60.) Edited Cambridge and Dublin Mathematical Journal.

Thomson, William. Psalter; containing Psalms in Prose Version, with Preface, Lon., 1861, ISmo.

Thomson, William, Gardener to the Duko of Buccteuch, Dalkeith Park, Scotland. Practical Treatise on the Cultivation of the Grape-Vine, Edin. and Lon., 1862, Svo; 5th ed., 1867, 8vo.

Thomson, William .11., D.D., for twenty-five years a missionary of the A. B. C. F. M. in Syria and Palestine. 1. The Land and the Book; or, Biblical Illustrations drawn from the Manners and Customs, the Scenes and the Scenery, of the Holy Land, N. York, 1859, 2 vols. p. Svo; Lon., 1S60, p. Svo; 1863, p. 8vo; 1864, p. Svo; 1870, p. 8vo.

"Of literature illustrative of the Bible, we know of no work so well arranged, so affluent, so equally adapted to the purposes of reference l»y the scholar and of familiar use liy the ordinary render, as 'The Land and the Book.' "—A. V. Peabody, D.D.: A'. Amer. Rn., April, 18H2. 481.

"It popularizes one of the most interesting departments of sacred literature."—Anur. Thtolog. ltrr.t May, 1850,202.

"An attractive and valtiaHe addition to a dejKirtnient of BiMical liti-rature which requires special qualifications."—Lon. Athrn., 1859, il. 595.

See, also, Prcsby. Quar. Rev., (by B. J. Wallace, D.D.,) and Chris. Exam., Mar. 1859; Lou. Reader, 1865, i. 340; Three Months' Residence at Nablus, Ac, by the Rev. John Mills, 1861, p. Svo. Many travellers in the Holy Land bear evidenco to the accuracy of Dr. Thomson's Illustrations.

"The reader will find that I have, most frequently been indebted to Dr. Thomson. His volume appeared to we written in a style which specially adapted it for citation in a work like this; and 1 have l>eon assured, tiy person* very competent from actnal Investigation to judge, that it is thoroughly trustworthy." —Rt:v. John Avbe: Treasury of Hiblf. Krwwl., 1866, Preface.

"Asa guide to the geography and topography of Palestine in its present state, it surpasses nearly all the books of the kind I have read."—Rev. W. Lindsay Alexander, D.D.

Sec, also, Remarkable Characters and Places in the Holv Land, Hartford, 1S68, 8vo; Studies in Bible Lands, by Rev. W. L. Gage, Boat., 1869.

2. The Land of Promise: Travels in Modern Palestine; Illustrative of Biblical History, Manners, and Customs, 1865, fp. 8vo. He has published a number of fugitive pnpers on tho East: see list of contributions to Bibl. Sacra and Amer. liibl. Repos., in Dr. Rufus Anderson's Memorial Volume A. B. C. F. M., 18112, 446.

Thomson, Wyville, Professor of Geology in Queen's College, Belfast. Popular History of British Fossils, in prep., Lon., (L. Reeve.)

Thomson; Thompson. Of these names we have recorded 280.

Thorbum, Rev. David, of Leith. Divine Origin and Perpetual and Universal Obligation of Tithes, demy Svo. Commended by Dr. Chalmers, Presby. Rev., Ac. Abstract of the above, demy Svo.

Thorbum, Grant, b. in Dalkeith, Scotland, Feb. IS, 1773 ; emigrated to New York, 1794, and was for many years a seedsman in that city; removed to Wiusted,

Conn., 1854; d.at New Haven, Jan. 21,1863. He was first introduced to the world as the hero of John Gait's Lawrie Todd; or, The Settlers in the Woods, Lou., 1830, 3 vols. 12mo; N. York, 1830, 2 Voib. 12mo. See Blackw. Mag., xxvii. 691, xxx. 532; Eraser's Mag., viii. 55, 700, (with a portrait:) Lon. Lit. Gas., 1830, 67. 1. Lawrie Todd's Hints to Merchants, Married Men, :\ud Bachelors. 2. Lawrie Todd's Notes on Virginia. 3. Forty Years' Residence in America; or, The Doctrine of a Particular Providence exemplified in the Life of Grunt Thorburu, (the original Lawrie Todd,) Seedsman, New Y'ork; Written by Himself, Bost., 1S34, 12mo; With an Introduction by John Gait, Esq., Lon., 1834, 12mo. Reviewed in Lon. Athen., 1833, 847, and Lon. Lit. Guz., 1833, 787. 4. Men and Manners in Great Britaiu, by Lawrie Todd, N. York, 1834, 12ino; Lon., ISmo. 5. Fifty Y'ears' Reminiscences of New Y'ork; or, Flowers from the Garden of Lawrie Todd, N. York, 1S45, 12nio. 6. Life and Writings of Grant Thorbum, prepared by Himself, 1852, 12mo, np. 308. Contributions to the Knickerbocker Mag., N. York Mirror, and more than twenty papers.

Thorbum, J. Vaccination: s Summary of the Evidence in its Favour and the Objections against it, Lon., 1870, 18mo.

Thorbum, J. Stewart. Elements of Bedside Medicine and General Pathology, Lon., 1836, 8vo.

Thorburn, Thomas. 1. Diagrams of Agricultural Statistics, Crop of 1854, Lon., 1855, 8vo. 2. Diagrams, Illustrated, of the Area or Extent, Population, Ac. of India, 1858, 8vo.

Thoreau, Henry David, was b. in Concord, Mass., July 12, 1817; graduated at Harvard College, 1845; taught school for three years altogether, and subsequently practised land-surveying, Ac; d. at Concord, May 6, 1862. He was never married. 1. A Week on the Concord and Mcrrimac Rivers, Bost., 1849, 12mo; new ed., 1S62, 12ino; 1S65, 12mo; Nov. 1867, 12ino; 1S6S, 16mo.

"The manner is that of the worst offshoots of Carlyle and Emerson: all Mr. Thorcau'B heat things are spoilt in the utterance."—ion. Aoum., 1849, 1086.

See N. Amor. Rev., lxxxiii. 110, (by W. R. Alger.) 2. Walden ; or, Life in the Woods, 1854, 12mo; new ed.,

1862. 12mo; 1865, 16mo.

"When I wrote the following pages, or rather the bulk of them, I lived alone in the woods, a mile from any neighbor, in a house which 1 had built myself, on tho shore of Walden Pond, in Coucord, Massachusetts, and earned my living by the labor of my hands only."—Author.

This self-imposed hermitage was enjoyed for two years and two months, commencing in March, 1845.

"In descril.ing his hermitage and his forest life.be says so many pithy and brilliant things, and offers so many piquant and, we may add, so many just comments on society as it is, that his book is well worth the reading, Itoth for its actual comments and its suggestive capacity."—A. I*. Peabody: iV. Amer. Rev.t lxxix. 536.

Thoreau published, in R.W.Emerson's Dial, a translation of the Prometheus Fettered, of which a notice by tho late President Felton will be found in N. Amer. Rev., Oot. 1849, 414. During the lotter weeks of his life he corrected the proof-sheets of several articles for the Atlantic Monthly Magazine; and these (Walking, Autumnal Tints, and Wild Apples) were published in the Nos. for June, October, and November, 1862. A biographical sketch of Thoreau will be found in the Atlantic Monthly for August, 1862, 239-249. Since the preceding was written, two more papers of Thoreau's have appeared in the Atlantic Monthly, (viz.: Night and Moonlight, in No. for Nov. 1863, and Visit to Cape Cod Light-House, in No. for Dec. 1S64,) and the following volumes of his have been published:

3. Excursions in Field and Forest, (with n biographical sketch by R. W. Emerson,) 1863, 16mo; 1865, 16mo. 4. The Maine Woods, 1864, 16mo: 1865, 16mo. 5. Cape Cod, 1S65, 16mo. See Lon. Reader, 1865, ii. 344. 6. Letters to Various Persons, with Editor's Notice, (by R. W. Emorson,) 1865, Ilium. Commended by Atlantio Mon., Oct. 1865, 504. 7. A Yankee in Canada; with Anti-Slavery and Reform Papers, 1862, 12uin. See notices of Thoreau in N. Amer. Rev., Oct. 1863, 387, (by Rev. J. H. Ward,) and Oct. 1865; Atlantic Mon., Sept.

1863, 280, (by Louisa M. Alcott;) Alger's Genius of Solitude, 1867, 12mo.

Thoreau, T. Course of Book-Keeping, 1815, 4to.

Thorcsby, Ralph, an eminent antiquary, was b. in Leeds, 1658, succeeded his father in mercantile pursuits, and d., after a life of usefulness, 1725. 1. Ducatus Lcodiensis; or, Tho Topography of the Ancient and Populous Town and Parish of Leedcs, and Parts adjacent, Ac, Lon., 1715, fol.j 1. p., r. fol. See Savage's Librarian, iii. 145-68; Bonn's Lowndes, Pt. », 1863, 2673; J. R. Smith's Bibl. Americana, 1867, 808, (£15 15».:) Notes and Queries, 1869, i. 60: Whitaker, Thomas Dunham, LL.D., Nos. 5, 6. 2. History of the Church of Lecdes in Yorkshire, Lon., 1724, 8vo. Should accompany No. 1. He contributed to Gibson's Camden's Britannia, Calamy's Memoirs of Divines, Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy, Collins's Peerage, and other works, and many papers to Phil. Trans., (sec Watt's Bibl. Brit.;) and two articles of his on Antiquities in Yorkshire will be found in Leland's Itinerary, i., (1745.) To Nos. 1 and 2 add—3. The Diary and Correspondence of Ralph Thorcsby, Ac., 1677-1724, now first published from the Origiual Manuscripts by the Rev. Joseph Hunter, (p. 92:1, ttipra,) 4 vols. 8vo: Diary. 2 vols., 1830; Correspondence,— Letters of Emincut Men, addressed to Ralph Thoresbv, F.R.S., now first published from the Originals, —1832;"both 1836, 4 vols. 8vo; again, 1840, 4 vols. 8vo. Commended by Lon. Gent. Mag., 1830, i. 153; 1832, i. 141, 339. But see, also, Lon. Month. Mag., Lit. Gaz., Lon. Athen., 1832, 76, 92. See Pens, Granville, No. 12. For notices of Thoresby and his collection of curiosities, see Biog. Brit.; Whitaker's ed. of No. 1; Gough's Topog.; Nichols's Lit. Anec, vii. (Index) 419, 091; Nichols's Illust, of Lit., viii. 108, (Index;) Lon. Gent. Mag., 1852, ii. 442; 1853, i. 172, 226; 1854, i. 298.

"Lot 92 of the sixth day's [Strawberry] sale iB thus described in the Sale Catalogue:

"'92. A folio volume, written upon vellum, of Old English Poetry, from the library of R. Thoresby, very curious.'

"At Tlioresby's sale YValpole gave £1 for this very vnluable volume of York Miracle Plays, and at Walpule's sale the late Mr. Thomas Rodd gave £220 lOj. for it. Mr. Rodd sold the volume to Mr. Bright, of Bristol, at whose sale in 1844 it was bought by the late Mr. Thorpe for £306. It is now the property of Lord Aabburnhani. Walpole was uot fully aware of its value; for there is no mention of it in his own account of Strawberry Hill."— Walpolr's Letters, Cuuningham's ed., (1801.) ix. 525.

Thorie, or Thorins, John, b. in London, 1568; matriculated at Oxford, 1586. 1. The Councillor j from the Spanish of B. Philip, LL.D., Lon., 1589, 4to. 2. Spanish Dictionary, 1590, 4to. 3. The Serjeant-Major; from the Spanish of F. Valdcs, 1590, 4to. See Bliss's Wood's Athen. Oxon., i. 624; Foppens's Bibl. Belg.

Thorie, Thoris, or Thorius, Ralph, a native of France, studied in early life at Oxford, subsequently practised physic in London, and died of the plague in that city, 1625. 1. Epistola de Causa Morbi ct Mortis Is. Casauboni, Lugd. Bat., 1619, 4to; et cum Epistolis Casauboni, 1638, 4to. 2. Hyinnus Tabaci, Leyden, 1622, 1623, 1628, 4to; also in De Horba Panacea of ^gidius Everartus, Ultraj., 1644, 18mo; also in the Musse Anglicans, Lon., 1697; with his Cheimonopegnion, a Winter Song, (also a Latin poem,) Lon., 1626, (Wood calls it 1627,) 12m.<; 1716, 12mo; Latine et Anglice, 1651, sm. 8vo:seeHAi'STED, Peter, D.D. See Bliss's Wood's Athen. Oxon., ii. 378; Eloy, Diet. Hist. delkMed.; Gassendi, Vita Peiresci, lib. ii.; Haller, Bibl. Med.; Moreri, Gen. Diet.

Thorley, Rev. John. Melissologia, or Female Monarchy; being an Enquiry into the Nature, Order, and Government of the Bees, Lon., 1744, 1765, 1774, 8vo; in German, Giitt., 1766, 8vo.

Thorman, Robert. Account of the Taunus Railway, Lon., 1846, 4tc.

Thorn, Ariel). The Gitana, and other Poems, Lon., 1859, fp. 8vo.

Thorn, George. Treatise on Leeches, Lon., 1798, 8vo.

Thorn, Harriot A. D. Children's Bible-Lessons; or, Type and Antitype, Lon., 1859, 18mo.

Thorn, J. Y.E., Lutheran pastor at Carlisle, Penna. Sermon on the Nature, Ac. of the Ministerial Office, 1846, 8vo.

Thorn, James. Attempt to Simplify the Treatment of Sexual Diseases, Lon., 1831, 8vo.

Thorn, Romain Joseph, a native of Bristol, published seven vols, of poems, Lon., 1793-99, q. v. in Watt's Bibl. Brit.

Thorn, W. H. Reid's Engineer's Hand-Book to the Local Marine Board of Examinations, Ac, Lon., 1864.

Thorn, William, a monk of Canterbury. Chronica de Rebus Gcstis Abbatum S. Ang. Cant.; Twysden Hist., 1757.

Thorn, Major William. 1. Memoir of the Conquest of Java, Ac, Lon., 1815, r. 4to, £3 3*.; some thick paper. 2. Memoir of the War in India, 1803-1806, 4to, ISIS, £2 12«. 6rf.

Thorn, Rev. William, of Winchester. 1. Lectures on the Christian Sabbath, 5th ed., 12mo. Commended by Rev. R. Hall, Drs. Collycr, Raffles, J. Pye Smith, Eclcc. Rev., Ac. 2. Modern Immersion not Scriptural Baptism, Lon., 1837, 12mo. See Lowndes's Brit. Lib., 789. 3. Fifty Tracts on the Errors and Evils of the Church of England, 1844, 12mo.

Thorn, William. Sec Theta.

Thornborough, John, admitted of Magdalene College, Oxford, 1570, aged 18; became Bishop of Limerick, 1593, of Bristol, 1603, of Worcester, 1616, and d. 1641. He published some theological, political, Ac. works, 1604-30, o. v. in Bliss's Wood's Athen. Oxon., iii. 3.

Thornborrow, G. C. Discourse on Marriage, Lon., 1844, 32mo.

Thornborrow, M. 1. Elementary Latin Class-Book, Lon., 12mo. 2. Do. Exercises, 7th ed.. 1851, 12mo.

Thornborrow, W. Advocacy of Jewish Freedom, Lon., 1847, 8vo.

Thornbnry, George Walter, (on some of his title-pages George is omitted,) the son of a London solicitor, b. 1S28, commenced his literary career at the ago of 17, by topographical and antiquarian papers in Felix Farley's Bristol Journal. He has since published: 1. Lays and Legends; or, Ballads of tho New World, Lon., 1851, p. 8vo. See Lon. Gent. Mag., 1851, ii. 294; Lon. Lit. Gai., 1851, 610. 2. The Buccaneers; or, The Monarchs of the Main, 1855, 3 vols. cr. 8vo; abridged, Nov. 1857, p. 8vo, pp.455. See Lon. Alhcn., 1857, 1622.

"A work of real value."—A'. Amer. Rer., Ixxxvi. 580.

3. Shakspeare's England; or, Sketches of our Social History during the Reign of Elizabeth, 1856, 2 vols. cr. 8vo. Condemned by Lon. Gent. Mag., 1856, 601, and Lon. Athen., 1856, 676, 716; commended by Lon. Lit. Gaz., 1856, 296, and John Bull, 1856. 4. Art and Nature at Home and Abroad, 1856, 2 vols. cr. 8vo.

"Two pleasant volumes."—Lon. Gent. Mag., 1858, ii. 734.

"As a whole, lively, pictorial, and various."—Lon. Athen.,

1856, 1332.

'■ This is tho best book Mr. Thornbury has written."—ion. Examiner.

5. Legend of the Wandoring Jew, Ac.; translated,

1857, fol. 6. Songs of the Cavaliers and Roundheads, Jacobite Ballads, Ac; with Illustrations by U. S. Marks, 1857, p. 8vo, 10s. 6d.; red. to 6«., Dec. 1860.

"Those who love picture, life, and costume in song win here find what they lovo."—Lon. Athen., 1857, 402, (same in Liv. Age, liv. 190.)

7. Every Man his Own Trumpeter, 1858, 3 vols. p. 8vo. Commended by Lon. Athen., (1858, ii. 260,) Lon. Critio, Lon. Sun, and John Bull. 8. Life in Spain, Past and Present, 1859, 2 vols. p. 8vo; N. York, 1860, 12mo.

"A really vivacious book of travels."—II. T. Tuckerman.

Also commended by Lon. Examiner, Ac. 9. The May Exhibition; a Guide, I860, 8vo. 10. Turkish Life and Character, with 8 Illustrations, Lon., Nov. 1860, 2 vols, p. 8vo; Dec 1861, p. 8vo. See Lon. Critic, 1861. 11. British Artists from Hogarth to Turner; being a Series of Biographical Notices, Dec 1860, 2 vols. p. Svo. 12. Ice-Bound, 1861, 3 vols. p. 8vo.

"Possesses a fund of real merit."—Lon. Lit. Gat., 1861.

"One of the best works of fiction he has ever writteu."—Lon. Messenger.

13. Cross Country, 1861, p. 8vo, (Low's Pop. Lib. of Trav. Books, vol. vii.;) 1866, 3 vols. p. Svo. 14. The Life of J. M. W. Turner, R.A., from Original Letters and Papers furnished by his Friends and Fellow-Academicians, with Portraits, Ac, Nov. 1861, 2 vols. 8vo. For notices of this work, see Blackw. Mag., Dubl. Univ. Mag., and Lon. Planet, all Jan. 1862; Lon. Quar. Rev., April, 1862; Lon. Lit. Budget, June 1, 1862; Lon. Spec, Lon. Exam., Lon. Herald, Lon. D. News, Ac, all 1S62. The notice in Lon. Athen. (1861, ii. 643) was unfavourable; and so wore the comments of a number of correspondents (F. Masson, L. Reeve, Henry McConnel, W. II. Carpenter, John Pye, Henry Elliot, and- R. J. Lane) of that periodical: see 1861, ii. 691, 765, 808, 848, and 1862, i. 19, 51, 296, 331, 363. To Mr. Reeve and Mr. Pye Mr. Thornbury responded, (1862, i. 260.) Sec, also, Olphar Hamst's Hand-Book for Fictitious Names, 1868,152, and Lon. Reader, 1865, i. 510. If we assert that Mr. Thornbury's book "came off with flying colours," tho phrase must bo understood in an artistic rather than in a military sense. But the reader must be his own judge. It is to be remembered that Mr. Thornbury is the author of the Life of Turner in Enevc. Brit., 8th cd., xxi., Dec. 1860. 15. True as Steel, 1S63, 3 vols. p. 8vo.

"A clever book. Full of genuine feeling."—Lon. Saturday Rev.

"A genuine historical romance. ... As a change from the Blurred and hurried work and sensation plots of most of the novels of the day, Mr. Thorobury's careful study and noble subject are a welcome change."—Lon. Reader, 1863, i. 284.

16. Wildfire, 1864, 3 vols. p. 8vo. See Lon. Reader, 1864, i. 100. 17. Haunted London, Illustrated by P. W. Fairholt, 1865, 8vo.

'* A very interesting, amusing, and instructive book. It is well illustrated by Mr. Fairholt."—Lon. Sut. Rev. See, also, Kclec. Rev., April,'l8fl5, and Fortnightly Rev., May 15,1865.

18. Tales tor the Marines, 1865, 2 vols. p."8vo.

"Who would not be a Marine, to secure a succession of taleH like these?"—Lon. Athen.

19. Great Heart; a Story of Modem Life, 1866, 3 vols. p. 8vo.

"A well-written novel, full of interest."—Is/n. Observer.

20. Two Centuries of Song: or, Lyrics, Madrigal?, Sonnets, Ac; with Critical and Biographical Notes, Illustrated, 1866, sm.'4to; 1867, sm. 4to. 21. The Vicar's Courtship, 1869, 3 vols. p. 8vo.

"Thin novel in thoroughly readable. The pictures of country life and scenery form an admirable framework. The characters of Amy Hobinnou and Julia Beauflowers have the charm and energy of life."—Lon. A then.

22. Old Stories Re-told, 1870, cr. 8vo.

Mr. Thornbury was the translator into English verse of a series of La Fontaine's Fables, illustrated by Gustave Dor?, issued in parts, and is one of the writers of Casscll's Biographical Dictionary, 1867-69, imp. 8vo.

He has been a contributor to New Month. Mag., Dubl. Univ. Mag., Bentlcy's Miscell., Eclectic, Chambers's Journal, Household Words, Once a Week, Athena?um, Art Journal, Notes and Queries, Ac. Several of the preceding works first appeared—in part, at least—in periodicals.

Thornbury, J# Treatment of Tedious Labour, Manehes., 1866, 12mo.

Thorndike, Herbert, educated at, and Fellow of, Trinity College, Cambridge, became Proctor of the University, J6:iS; Rector of Barley, Hertfordshire, 1642; elected Master of Siduey College, Cambridge, 1643; ejected from his living by the Parliament, and restored at the Restoration, but resigned on being made Preb. of Westminster, Sept. 1661: d. 1672. 1. Epitomo Lexici Hebraici, Syriaci, Rabbinici, ct Arabici, una cum Observattonibus circa Linguam Hcbrseam et Gracam, Lon., 1635, fol. See, also, his Varieo Lectiones Syriacce, in Bibl. Polygl. Waltoni, vi. 2. Of the Government of Churches; a Discourse pointing at the Primitive Form, Camb., 1641,12mo. Ed. by Rev. D. Lewis, Lon., 1841, fp. 8vo. See No. 3. 3. Discourse of Religious Assemblies and the Public Service of God, Camb., 1642, 8vo; with No. 2, 1650, 8vo. 4. Discourse of the Right of the Church in a Christian State, with an Appendix, Lon., 1649, Svo; Ed. by Rev, J. S. Brewer, 1841, 12mo. Also in Tracts of Anglic. Fathers, ii.

"A writer on this subject, who, In the judgment of all well acquainted with his writings, is deservedly esteemed, for learning, acuteness, and sobriety, as inferior to no theologian of the Chnrch of England."—/iV/i/or'* Preface.

"A truly learned work, likely to prove useful to those of the clergy who may happeu to be brought into contact with Presbyteriauism."—Irish Kcclet. Jour.

5. An Epilogue to the Tragedy of the Church of England, in three Books, 1659, fol., 12*.; 1. p., 20*. 6. Just Weights and Measures; or, The Present State of Religion weighed in the Balance, Ac, 1662, 4to; 1680, 4to. 7. Discourse on the Forbearance of the Penalties which a Due Reformation requires, 1670, sm. 8vo. 8. Herb. Thorndicii de Ratione ac Jure finiendi Controversias Ecclesice Disputatio, 1670, fol. Very rare. 9. Herb. Thorndicii Ongines Ecclesiasttcre, sivo de Jure et Potestate Ecclesia? Christiana* Excrcitationes, 1674, fol. 10. Discourse concerning the Worship of God towards the Altar, 1682, 12ino. A collective edition of his Theological Works was pub. Oxf., 1844-57, 6 vols. Svo, (Lib. of Angl. Cath. Thcol.,) £5 2*.; subscribers, £2 10«. His treatise on the Doctrine of the Holy Eucharist was published, with a Preface by J. D. Chambers, Lon., 1855, 8vo.

"Those who would understand the controversy concerning the rights of the Church well, shonld read Mr. Thorndike's Works."—Dr. Wotton: on Studying Divinity.

"Our most learned and pious Thorndike, of blessed memory." —Bishop Bull.

See Gcnl. Diet.; Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy; Barwlck's Life; Kcnnet's Chronicle; Usher's Life and Letters; Chalmers's Biog. Diet. His brother, John Thorndike, was one of the founders of Ipswich, Massachusetts, and "the ancestor of a worthy New England family:" see Hist. Mag., N. York, 1858, 33, 246.

Thorite, E. HM Organist, Henley-on-Thames. Sacred Music for the Home Circle; a Selection of Standard Tunes for Four Voices, Lon., 1859.

Thome, Rev. Henry. 1. Phisioko for the Soul; out of Latine, Lon., 1568, 1570, 16mo; 1678; with a Sermon, Ac, 16mo. 2. The Confutation of Foliie, 1584, 8vo.

Thorne, James. Rambles by Rivers; the Thames, Duddon, Mole, Adur, Arun, Wey, Lee, Dove, Avon, Lon., 1844-49, 4 (sometimes in 2) vols. ISmo.

"Delightful volumes."—John O'Groat Jour.

Thorne, Thomas. Epitaphium in Obitum Robert! Devereux Essexiaa Comitis, Lon., 1646, fol.

Thorne, VV. T. Builder's Perpetual Guide for Prices, Lon., 1853, 4to.

Thorne, William, "a most noted linguist and rabby of his time," became Perpetual Fellow of New College, Oxford, 1587; Regius Professor of Hebrew at Oxford, 1598; Dean of Chichester, 1601; aud d. Feb. 13, 1629-30.

1. Tullius sive Rhetor, in tria Stromata divisus, Oxon., 1592, 8vo, 2. Eowrrpov BaotJUnov; or a Kenning-GhiM-e for a Christian King, Lon., 1603, )2mo. A learned discourse, inscribed to James I. See Bliss's Wood's Allien. Oxon., ii. 480.

Thorne, William. Sketch of Dorking, Lon., 12mo.

Thorneycroli, CJ. II. See Memoir of, by Rev. J. B. Owen, Lou., 1856, 12mo.

Thornhill, Edward. Observations on the Bullion Committee, 1811, 8vo.

Thornhill, Frederick. Poems, Lon., 1814, 8vo.

Thornhill, John. See Winch, N.J.

Thornhill, R. B. Shooting Directory, Lon., 1804, 4to, £1 11*. 6</.: 1. p., £3 3*.

Thornley, George. Daphnis and Chloe; a Pastoral Romance, Lon., 1657, 8vo.

Thornley, Margaret. 1. True End of Education, and the Means adapted to it, Ediu., 1846, 12mo; 1849, 12mo; 1860, 12mo*

"Possesses many and great excellencies." — Brit. Mother'§ Mag.

Condemned by Lon. Lit. Gaz., 1847, 633.

2. Skeleton Themes for Composition, 1851, fp. Svo. "Skilfully arranged."—Kclec. Jiev.

"It is long since we met with a more valuable aid to the schoolmaster."—Lon. Lit. Gaz.

Thornthwaite and Home. Chloroform Superseded in DentuI Operations, Lon., 1857, 12mo.

Thornthwaite, J. A. 1. Church Tracts, Lon., 1840, 18mo. 2. Companion for the Sundays of the Church, 1841, ISmo.

Thornthwaite, W. H., Ph.D. 1. Guide to Photography, Lon., 1845, 8vo; fith ed., 1853, 12mo: 10th ed., 1856, cr. 8vo; last ed., 1860, 12mo. 2. A Popular Treatise on Photography, Ac., by D. Van Monckhoven; Translated, 2d ed., 1868, 12mo.

Thornton, Mr., temp. Edward I., reduced Bracton's De Legions et Consuetudinibus Anglia into a compendium. Sec Bkactok, Henry De; Sclden's Dissert, annexed to Fleta, c. ii. sec. 1.

Thornton, Mr. History of the Cities of London and Westminster, &c, 1784, fol.; 1789, fol. A fictitious name and an inaccurate compilation.

Thornton, Captain. 1. Historical Readings of the Augustan Age, Lon., p. 8vo. 2. History of the East India Company, 8vo.

Thornton, Abraham. Tracts relating to Abraham Thornton and Mary Ashford, 8vo, 1817-18.

Thornton, Aug. Disput. de Natura et Origino Religionis, Lugd. Bat., 1689, 4to.

Thornton, Bonnell, b. in London, 1724, was educated at Westminster School and at Christ Church, Oxford; studied medicine, but subsequently devoted himself to literature in London; d. 1768. 1. An Odo on St. Cecilia's Day, adapted to the Ancient British Music: viz., the Salt-Box, the Jews-Harp, the Marrow-Bones and Cleavers, the Humstrum or Hurdy-gurdy, Ac; with an Introduction giving some Account of these truly British Instruments, Lon., 1762, 4to. Thus Watt gives the date; Lowndes has it 1765, 4to; Croker remarks,

"In the original edition of this ode, now before me, the date on the title-page is 1749,—a mistake, no doubt, for 1"69."—Croker's Boswell's Johnson, ed. 1848, ch. xvi., notea, (q. v.)

We find it noticed in Lon. Mon. Rev. for June, 1763, 479, 4to, (sine anno.) where it is said it was " written some years ago." The date 1749 was probably part of the joke. Dr. Johnson found more humour in it than Mr. Croker was able to discover.

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