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Ncessive partiality a commonly cises to that form, as


Mr. URBAN, Northian, Dec. 7. dress Him; not, indeed, confining

the whole of our devotional

some have attributed to authors, or those who erroneously conceived, but requiring are in the habit of committing their us to “keep his Sabbaths,” and also thoughts to the press, for the pro- to “reverence his Sanctuary," ductions of their own pens, I can It is true, that the immense contruly affirm, that I am never better cave of the Heavens, the great lumipleased than when I meet my own naries of day and night, the countless sentiments, either corrected, or con- number of the stars, the immeasurable firmed, and improved on by others; expanse of the ocean, the stupendous and the latter I have lately expe- rocks and mountains, the wild regions rienced, on the perusal of your of the desert and the forest, the Review of Mr. Elion's Poems, pp. beautiful arrangement of rivers, 352-3, on the subject of his “ Mu- woods, and plains, interspersed with sings on Sunday Morning,” wherein, verdant meadows, and fields of waving at the same time that you do justice corn, forming collectively those inito his poetical talents, which are, mitable scenes on the grand theatre unquestionably, of a very superior of Nature, which the most ingenious order, you censure, with the greatest Artist can but imperfectly pourtray propriety, the very important error in their several changes through the he seems to have given into, if not revolving seasons, are unquestionably absolutely adopted, from the School calculated, and most evidently de of modern Pbilosophy : error signed to make strong impressions on that one could hardly conceive would the mind of man, and inspire it with ever have been admitted into so clear awe, veneration, and delight. But and cultivated a mind; which, it is we know, that such impressions are evident, has been in some degree almost exclusively contined, in the obscured (though falsely termed en- present state of society, to the cultilightened) by the absurd and perni- vated minds of contemplative percious system of that School. I can sons ; even on them have no deep certainly add nothing to the accuracy or lasting effect; and are, therefore, or justness of your remarks : whe- very unfit to be relied on, as constither I shall in any respect promote tuting adequate motives, or inducetheir force and efficacy by my own, I ments, to the proper worship of Alknow not.

mighty God, or the due performance There is not a more faHacious prin- of our religious duties, prescribed ciple, nor can be a imore dangerous and required by Him in the Holy opinion, than that the worship of the Scriptures, from which it can never Supreme Being may be as fully and be considered, by those who believe acceptably performed in groves and their divie authority, either allowgardens, or whilst we are walking in able or safe in this or any other inthe fields, as in the places set apart stance to depart, or to place their and consecrated for that purpose. dependence on any casual impulse, If this had been the case, would that however powerful or effective they Being have directed the building of may occasionally find it. Temples to his honour, and enjoined No one can have a stronger or more the observance of religious rites and frequent experience than myself, of ceremonies, and “the assembling of such iinpressions, made by ihe subourselves together” in such places, lime, the romantic, and the beautiful where he has expressly promised his objects of Creation, more especially more immediate presence and atten- those of rural scenery ; which never tion? He who a knoweth whereof fail to lead me to the same point, the we are made," and how much we

contemplation of the power, the wise stand in need of external acts, so- dom, the goodness, and all the prinlemnly repeated at stated periods, cipal attributes of the Great Creator, to renovate the spirit of devotion in and to excite sentiments of the most our hearts and minds, and maintain profound adoration : yet I could not its proper influence on our conduct, rest satisfied with these sentiments, hath himself appointed the “ House or the immediate acts of devotion of Prayer,” and even given us a form they induce, as with a regular pero in which we are commanded to ad.' formance of the public duties of


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prayer and praise, enjoined to be ob- assert, even the stained or painted served in places set apart for Divine glass contributes its effects : casting Worship, and the private devotions no such gloom as' to depress the of the family, or closet. The blissful spirits, but so far tempering the walks of Eden were, indeed, the light, as to dispose the mind to se scenes in which the first of the human rious and sublime considerations, and race performed their devotions, when banish all levity of thought. With every object of the new Creation respect, indeed, to Chanting the tended to inspire the purest and most Service, although it may be suitable exaited piej: and, in after-ages, to acts of praise and thanksgiving, the retirement of groves and gardens it utterly destroys the solemnity of unquestionably had, and to this day Prayer ; nor can any thing be conretaia, the same tendency to impressceived more adverse to devotion and the mind with similar sentiments; propriety, than to sing out the Conwhich, notwithstanding, must derive fession and Absolution of our Sins; ther stealy and proper influence and, in the same strain, to implore froin the observance of those positive the Almighty to save and deliver us invuitutions, and the support of those in the hour of death, and in the day establishments, that have been or

of judginent. In those parts of Didained by divine and human laws; vine Service, I therefore consider and if every Christian thought himself Chanters and Choristers as very inat liberty to disregard the means judiciously employed; and I greatly prescribed by our Saviour, and esta prefer the accustomed celebration of blished by human authority, to inain- it in common Parish Churches, where tain a visible Church by regular con- the officiating Minister performs the gregations on the Sabbath, for a Holy office, with the attention and public profession of the Christian solemnity required to give it due Faith, for expounding the doctrines impression, which it will not fail in and enforcing the precep's of the general to make, when it appears to Gospel, Christianity itself would soon make that impression on himself, be lost to the world; but, although without supposing him possessed of we are happily assured that this can

any superior powers of elocution. never be, it may and will be lost to

To return to the subject of that persons of that description, in a wandering species of Devotion, which greater or less degree, together with is to be sought the benefit of all its sacred truths, and “ On rivers' banks, in the embow'ring important interests in time and eter- shades, nity. The combined productions of Or on the pebbled shore.” Nature and Art in groves and shaded And where, as I have already adwalks, which are found so peculiarly mitted, a contemplative person may adapted to the purpose of religious often become “spiritually minded;"> meditations, have given the architect but if he wishes to retain and improve his best plan for the structure of that disposition to any permanent or sacred edifices ; and the long-drawn beneficial purposes, he must allow it ailes of our venerable Cathedrals to lead him to the House of Prayer,” are evidently designed, and seldom and to all those means of Grace, fail, to co-operate very forcibly with which are appointed to give us the the solemn rites, in creating, in al- hope of glory and happiness heremost every individual, some portion after. of that frame of mind, with which we These sentiments I have always should approach the more immediate entertained, and recently expressed presence of our Maker ; and to such in some lines ou ile Rural Sabbath, à frame of mind, I will venture to which I will subjoin *. They were

* Contemplations on the Rural Sabbath; wriiten under the great Oak, near the

Church, on a Summer morning, at Northiam, in Sussex, the former residence of the

Author's maternal ancestors.
Hear the woodland choir rejoice,

Man, reposing in the shade
In the beams of morning blest!

Of this antient Sire of Trees,
See the splendid orb arise,

Where the men of ages past
On this sacred day of rest!

Oft respir’d the Summer's breeze.


written in the Summer, on one of created by a gloomy atmosphere, and the most beautiful spots in this vil- from the sufferings occasioned by lage, where every scene is extremely inclement skies. The hearts of the interesting to me, and adapted to the benevolent will be induced, by their tenderest impressions of rural ob- own feelings, to extend this preservajects ; which are confirmed and pe- tion and relief to others, and guard culiarly augmented by their having them from those sufferings. This been the subjects of a last letter (as it they will also do upon the higher and proves) to my dear departed son, of better principles of obedience and whose death I received the mournful gratitude to Him by whom they are intelligence a few days after that entrusted with the power to dispense Jetter was dispatched.

his bounties. So shall every returnThe balmy sweetness of the early ing season bring them its proper flowers, and fresh verdure of the pleasures, and its blessings. And Spring, the luxuriant foliage, the this in particular, which completes cooling shades, and reviving breezes the important space of time by which of Summer, the rich and variegated human life is measured, shall dispose tints of the fading leaves, and abun- them to the pursuit, and secure thedant produce of the Autumn, have attainment, of eternal happiness in a successively afforded us (exclusive of future state: for a few years will all other advantages) a series of the terminate all our enjoyments here, purest and most refined pleasures, to and close our eyes on the most encharm and elevate the mind : Winter' chanting scenes the earth can exhibit. now arrives, with its stormy winds, Yours, &c.

W. B. its beating rains, and impetuous floods, to desolate the beauties of the Mr. URBAN, Islington, Dec, 14. preceding seasons, and put a period HAVING lately observed that to the year. In this final stage of its Capt. Manley has exhibited an existence, and under its expected invention for the relief of ships in rigours, we shall find the shelter of a diştress, by means of a ball and rope warm and substantial dwelling, like thrown from a mortar on shore; the solid principles of Religion, in for which invention he has been rethe final stage of our existence here, warded by a Parliamentary grant of essential to our comfort and support. £2000.; I hope, that with your The appropriate pleasures of the well-known candour and impartiality, advancing season of festivity, like you will allow me to state, that, with the hope of those celestial joys which the exception of a small, and not

are set before us," are also mate- necessary addition, the invention rially conducive to preserve or relieve originated with me : and was by me us from the depression of spirits gratuitously communicated to the pub

From yon venerable tower,

Heard the chiming bells proclaim, This the Sabbath of your God;

Here adore his Holy name. Here your grateful praises bring,

For the mercies he hath shewn;
Here your fervent prayers shall gain,

All you hope to call your own.
So shall blessings crown your toils;

Anxious cares and troubles cease ;
Pleasure shall attend your steps ;

Lead you to the paths of peace *. Azure skies and fruitful showers

Shall revolving seasons give; Comfort and content are theirs,

Who his faithful servants live. Wealth and honours, pomp and power,

Wait alone on his decree;

His unerring will decides,

What is good or ill for thee.
On this truth eternal stand,

All events of future date,
Whether he with-holds or sends

A prosperous or an adverse fate.
Soon shall all terrestrial scenes

Pass away, and be no more;
Soon shall we, who now survive,

Follow those who liv'd before.
Many a distant year elaps'd,

All their joys and griefs repos’d,
In the silent grave they sleep,

Where their tranquil.days were clos'ů :
Rest, till the celestial morn

Shall dispel the shades of night,
Wake the tenants of the tomb,

To the blissful scenes of light. W. B.

* Proverbs iii, v, 17.

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lick, above seven years ago, through “ This Hill *, though once a rugged spots the medium of the " Monthly Maga

An deem'd uufit for tillage, zine” for November 1803, in a letter Is now become the poor man's lot, signed with my name.

And Garden of the Village." Capt. Mänby's addition to my invention appears to be only a grapple,

ARCHITECTURAL INNOVATION, which I consider as not necessary, for

No. CLI. the following reasons: First, if the Pointed Style of Architecture, during ball do not exactly reach the ship,

the reign of Henry VI., &c. and thegripple is wholly useless: whereas,

Henry VII. continued. according to my original plan; if the Sow George's Chapel, Windsor, the ship, the crew may grapple them therefore we may well enter upon from on board. Secondly, if Capt. it in discussiou, as an example sucManby's ball do reach the ship, in ceeding that of King's Coliege Chathis case too the grapple is nearly pel, Cambridge. Coinparatively, St. useless, because, without its aid, the George's Chapel, in the external people on board will, of themselves, lines, is ratber of a plain cast : the be sufficieutly alert in catching and

West front is chiefly inacle oui by the securing the rope, as the means of West window, which is worhed with their salvation. At all'eveots, Sir, fifteen divisions of mullious, and allowing to Capt. Manby whatever six tier of transoms, combining with praise may be due to him for his ad- the tracery in the arched head, dition of the grapple, which has so

to give the whole filling-in a pure fortunately secured to him the Par- architectural character. In the dado, liamentary grant, I hope, at least, the door of entrance, and on each that the impartial Reader will allow side of the door, compartments. me some small share of credit for the Above the arch of the window, three original and principal invention. niches, and on each side of the said.

window octangular turrels, King's
- Sic vos, non vobis........"

College Chapel wise ; but their faces
Yours, &c.
Joun Carey. wholly without decoration, except

at the finish, where is found battleMr. URBAN, Under Salisbury Plain. menţs, &c. The continuance of this N my presentation to the living Front, in the exterior of the ailes

en of about six acres of my glebe land same plain aspect. incumbered with furze, &c. of no South Pront.' Buttresses are still value whatever, and indeed a bone of retained to the aile story, but are contention between the poor, which dispensed with in the window story of of them should have most of the the nave; flying buttresses make a produce for fuel, to which they had part of the work, they springing no sort of right. As this ground from the aile story, to the piers of the sloped towards the South, and ap- nave story. The mullions and tracery peared to be a rich sandy loain, I of the windows architectural : the gave it to the poor for one year for battlements to the aile, and parapet cleansing. A very luxuriant crop of to the

stories, perforated. potatoes rewarded their industry. 1 The' octangular chapels, by way of have now divided it between the same transepts, and those others of the people, who pay me after the rate of like pian, at the Western extremity, 24. per acre, and express themselves have no decoration of any kind at obliged beyond measure.

their angles. At present, the finish I have been thus particular, think to the buttresses, and pimacles to the ing it may be the means of inducing parapets, is stunted oti': in Holiar's other Clergymen, so situated, to be- Views the work was complete, each nefit themselves, and their poor pa. having an irou vane, or small banner rishioners.

of arms, set up for that purpose; Yours, &c.

CLERICUS. and if my memory is not very treachP.S. I have thoughts of erecting a erous, 1, in my early years, wit. stone on the spot, with the following inscription :

* Known by the name of Furze Hill. GENT. MAG. December, 1910,



pessed appearances of this sort. A as was the general practice, but preseries of vanes on such decorations paratory to that in the centre. This was, at the period of Architecture line, therefore, the centrical one, under our discussion, a common and and the other correspondent to it, appropriate distinction, and with contain within their bounds, from the those studious in these matters this natural direction of the ribs, a vaassertion will have its due weight : riety of circular (great and small) but we are hastening to a more im- and triangular compartments ; each portant part of our Rise and Pro- of the longitudinal lines embellished, gress, when this article of embellish- at the several intersections of the ment will be taken up on a inore forms breaking in upon them, with direct point of investigation, and by innumerable ornamental devices, both one so lately called upon for that religious, and of the Tudor cast (conpurpose in this Miscellany * The firmation that Henry did much liere) heads of the several windows have the in crowns, roses, portcullises, fleurconjunctive sweep.

de-lis, &c. Interior. This Chapel could not In the choir, the groin-work takes have been finished until the middle of some variation in point of superior the reign of Henry VII. as is so con- enrichments, as the great circular spicuous by its style, and as Sir Re- combination of compartments, bearing ginald Bray, Architect and Privy Coun- in horizontal line with the centre of cellor to Henry, had so great a share each pier, is dropped down into a in the undertaking. If it is held that pendentive, or hanging inverted the exterior is not remarkable for sweeping pinacle : another character high adornment, the interior in this of Tudor originality. In the side ailes, respect is amply gone into ; as every the groins are in the entire Tudor face of the walls is wrought with mode, with half circles, which, at their superb enrichment, either architec- centrical junctions, produce in the tural or ornamental. The clusters of spandrels a small circular compartcolumns for the springing of the ment. The half circles of these groins groins are minute, as at King's Col- are in two tier of compartments. lege: the transoms to the windows The late window and monumental have each a line of small battlements. innovations have already been deAt the cills of the windows, a suc- scanted upon (see vol. LXXV.'p. 819.) cession of half angels with shields, The stalls in the choir are of the serving as a kind of entablature: a most elaborate and curious contrived strong character at this period. forins (they rising in canopy above Below the angels, to the point of the canopy) that we have left among us. arches of the side ailes, the tains 'compartments: the ogee head Henry the VIIth's Chapel, Westof the arches belonging to them, minster Abbey. Again let me quote worked right and left into small from Ward's “ Londou Spy." " It circular ditio, another strong feature, is the admiration of the universe, and run into most spaces that re

such inimitable perfection appears in quired enrichment necessary to accord every part of the whole composure, with the rest of the design. The which looks so far exceeding human architraves to the arches, like the excellence, that it appears knit tosmall clusters of columns, with their gether by the fingers of Angels, purcapitals, are but little attended to, as suant to the direction of Omnipo. every exertion was bestowed on the tence !" And until of late, it was more interesting portion of the build- hailed as one of the “Wonders of ing (as it should seem), the groins. the World.” Be this as it may, others To speak, therefore, of the groine there are, who seem to behold the work of this Chapel, more imme- Chapel for no other purpose, but to diately in the pave and choir, they counsel how they may mutilate and are of a composure peculiar to the destroy certain parts, in order (as building ; the general construction, it is given out) that they may have an or great outline of which, spriug in opportunity of restoring (that is, their ribs, and diverge as usual to a disfiguring) the original features of longitudinal line, not a centrical line, the design. We feel its powers with

other sensations : the illustration * See p. 239. thereof being connected with thiş


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