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Dec. 3. sey; to whom was committed the THE Plates 1. and II. of Antiqui- custody of the said Priory, by the which are sent for your acceptance, saving to the King the advowsons of are the joint efforts of two very Churches. In the year 1380, the young Artists.

Plate I. North View fourth of Richard II. this Priory was of part of the remains of the Abbey made a Denize (or free English) Buildings *, taken 1809; since de- for the fine of 200 marks, paid to the stroyed. Plate II. Four capitals, King's Hanaper in the Chancery. two pieces of architraves, a head of lu the year 1399, Attelborough, Prior the fantastic kind, once serving as a of Bermosidsey, was made the first blocking to an entablature ; aud Abbot of that house, by Pope Bonia female head, once serving as face the Ninth, at the suit of King console, with part of the column Richard II. In the year 1417, Thoit supported. These examples, with mas Thetford, Abbot of Bermondsey, others of the like sort, were found held a plea in Chancery against the in taking down the above remains, King, for the Mannors of Preston, which are now levelled with the Berinondsey, and Stoue in the county grouud, for making a road, erecting of Somerset, in the which suit the new houses, &c. on the site thereof. Abbot prevailed, and recovered The following short account of the against the King. In the year 1539, Monastery is extracted from Slow : this Abbey was valued to dispend by

“Peter, Richard, Obsterte, and Um- the year, €474. 148. Ad. ob.; and was balde, Monkes de Charitate, came to surrendered to Henry VIII. the 31st Bermondsey, the year 1089; and Peter of his reign. The Abbey Church was was made first Prior there, by ap- then pulled down by Sir Thomas pointinent of the Prior of the house Pope, kuight; and, in place thereof, called Charitie, in France; by which a goodly house builded of stone and means this Priory of Bermondsey timber, since pertaining to the Earls (being a cell to that in France) was of Sussex. There are buried in that accounted a Priory of Aliens. In the Church, Loufstone, Provost, Shrive, year 1094, deceased Ailewin Childe, or Domesinan, of London, 1115; Sir founder of this house ; then William William Bowes, knight, and Dame Rufus gave to the Monks his Mannor Elizabeth, his wife; Sir Thomas of Bermondsey, with the apparte- Pikeworth, knight; Dame Anne nances, and builded for them there a Audley ; George, son to John Lord new great Church. Robert Blewit, Audley; Johr Winkefield, esq. ; Sir Bishop of Lincoln (King Wiliam's Nicholas Blonket, knight ; Dame Chancellor) gave them the Mannor of Bridget, wise to William Trussell; Charleton, with the appartenances. Hoigrave, Baron of the Exchequer,&c. Also Geffrey Martell, by the grant of The Borough of Southwark, at a Getfrey Magnaville, gave them the subsidy to the King, yielded about land of Halingbury, and the tithe of 1000 marks, or £800. ; which is Alferton, &c. More in the year more than any one City in England Thomas of Arderne 1122, and Thomas payeth, except London; and also the his son, gave the monks of Bermond's muster of men in this Borough doth Eye, the Church of St. George, in likewise, in number, surpass all other Southwark. In the year 1165, King Cities, except London ; and thus Henry II. contirmed to them the bide much for the Borough of Southwark, or territory of Southwark, and Lays- one of the 26 wards of London, which ham, Waddam, with the land of hath an alderman, deputies 3, and a Coleman, &c. In the year 1371, the bailiff, constables 16, scavengers 0, Priories of Aliens (throughout Eng wardmote inquest, 20; and is taxed land) being seised into the King's to the fifteen, at 17 pounds, 17 sbilhands, Richard Denton, an English- lings, and eight pence.” man, was made Prior of Bermond

Yours, S.

J. C.

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* Another View of these Remains will be found in vol. LX. p. 775; and various Architectural and Sculptural Fragments, in vol. LXXVIII. pp. 681. 977. Edit.

Gent. Mag. December, 1810.

Mr. URBAN, Dover-street, Dec. 4. "HERE never, perhaps, was

beller rebuke to the folly and vanity displayed by certain descrip



514 Dress.--Dr. Lettsom's LXIXth Letter on Prisons. (Dec. tions of trades-people, lodging-house- entail po cares, his feelings are imkeepers, and the lower orders in proved by social intercourse, and his general, for the expensive and ele- sympathies enlarged by humanity: gant mode of Clothing, which they public or domestic distress excites his have, within a few years, thought compassion, and it extends even to the proper to assume, than the instance sufferings of the Brute creation. related of the famous Dean Swift.

View the contrast! He tears & Having once honoured a Mr.Reilly, fellow-creature, the victim of his a tradesman, with his company to anger, from friends, and from every dioner, and observing that person's domestic comfort ; plunges him into wife dressed in a very expensive a loathsome dungeon, and almost manner for the occasion, he pre- deprives him of light, air, and sustended not to know her; and, after tenance ! without fuel to dry the having conversed for some time with damp chamber of misery, or medicine Reilly, he enquired, with great gra- to alleviate the pang's

of disease! vity, when he should have the plea- I entreat the Readers of the Gensure of seeing his wife. Being in- tleman's Magazine to peruse the subformed that she was in the room, and sequent letter with attention. Here sitting opposite to him, he said, “ That they will find the Soldier, who may Mrs. Reilly ! impossible! I have bave devoted his life to maintain the heard that she is a prudent woman, freedom of bis country, and the secuand, as such, would never dress her- rity of his fellow-citizens in their self in silks, and other ornaments, fit doinestic comforts and Constilutional only for gentlewomen. No! Mrs. freedom, himself without protection, Reilly, the tradesman's wife, would and deprived of personal liberty; never wear any thing better than plain left to pine in darkness, under the stuff, with other things suitable to it.” pressure of every want that can emMrs. Reilly happening to be a woman bitter the mental feelings, and debiof good sense, and taking the hint, litate the bodily constitution, of a immediately withdrew, changed her human being. dress as speedily as possible; and, in Here a Prelate, who was wont to a short tiine, returned to the parlour teach, by example and precept, the in her common apparel. The Dean amities of the Gospel, plunged into saluted her in the most friendly man- this noisome dungeon, acquired an ner, taking her by the hand, and incurable disease, for which a retrisaying, “I am heartily glad to see hution on this side the grave could you, Mrs. Reilly. This husband of never be afforded. yours would fain hare palnied a lady Whilst we hear with horror the narupon me, dressed in silk, &c. for his

ratives of foreign cruelties, is it not wife; but I was not to be taken in so.” time to think of our own ? and now,

Hence it will be perceived, that that they are brought to light, can a the description of persons above men- free and humane nation consiga them tioned, although they may. “ have a to oblivion ? My honoured friend, right to wear what they can pay for," indeed, entertains a hope, " that would, if they were to dress according these may excite the attention of to their stations, receive the counte- some Meinber of the British Legis"Dance, instead of the contempt and lature.”

That this hope may be ridicule, of those who are their supe. realized, to the credit of ihe Nation, riors by birth and education. D.D.D. and the succour of many miserable

individuals, is the wish of LETTER LXIX. ON PRISONS.

J. C. LETTSOM. “ When shall these scalding fountains

CASTLE - Town; Isle of Man. cease to flow?

CASTLE RUSHEN GAOL., Governor How long will life sustain this load of woe? of the Isle, His Grace the DUKE OF Why glows the morn ? Roll back thou Athol. Lieutenant Governor, and source of light,

Keeper of the Castle, Cornelius Smelt, And feed my sorrows with eternal night !" Lieut.-colonel in the Ariny. Gaoler,

Gay's Dione. John Fitzsimmons, Head Borough of 7 HAT a contrast of passions does Çastle-Town; heretofore a private relations! In his circle of acquaiot- in Ireland ; and now keeps . a public auce, happy in enjoyments which house in the town, together with a


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farm. Salary, €50. British, besides must arise from transcribing a part of perquisites. Turnkey, Wm. Quayle; the letters in question. Salary, £20. Constables, fifteen, at "Castle Rushen," saysmy unknown

#10. each per annum ; one of whom Correspondent, was built upwards is in daily attendance on the Gaol : of 900 years ago, and contains only and besides, are five centinels, on three is habitable rooms, in which guard night and day. Nunber of Felons and Debtors are promiscuously Prisoners, Nov. 10, 1810, Debtors, 9; confined. Here no Insolvent Act Felons, &c. 0. Allowance, none, nor hath ever reached ; neither have the any medical assistance in case of laws of this Island ever provided any sickness. Water inaccessible, but mode of relief for the honest, though as brought in by the constable, or unfortunate debtor. other attendant, of the day.

“ After a debtor has given up all REMARKS. Castle-Town, in the bis effects, there is not any public Isle of Man, is divided into two dis- provision of food, beds, fuel, or metricts, by a small creek, which opens dicine, for persons confined in tbis into a rocky and dangerous bay. Ip place. Many of them, therefore, the centre of the towu stands CASTLE suffer the severest consequences of Rushen, which overlooks the country want and wretchedness ; and, as there, for many miles, and was built in the is no parochial support afforded to year 960, by Guttred, a Prince of the their wives and families, they are Danish line, who lies buried within reduced to the greatest distress, alits walls. Founded on a rock, it though formerly enjoying comfort presents the appearance of much and respectability. Strange also as strength; and, previous to the intro- it may appear, no subscription was duction of artillery, must have been ever known to have been entered into impregnable by any force that could throughout any part of this island, assail it. In figure it is irregular, and for the relief of the unfortunate. thought to resemble Elsineur. A stone For, as the indigetous Manx are not glacis surrounds it on all sides. It still liable to imprisonment for debt, their continues to brave the rude injuries of feelings seldom are tremblingly alive' time, and arrests attention, as a ma- to the miseries of an incarcerated jestic and formidable object.

The stranger.” early Kings of this island are said to My mournful Correspondent men-, have resided here, in that barbarous tions, as his fellow prisoners, the pomp, which alone could distinguish descendant of a celebrated Antiquary, them in so remote a period.

and formerly M. P. for HA packet sails hither every Mon- who has been confined there for four day from Whitehaven, with the Go. years; the Rev. Mr. M

-, a vicar vernment Mails, and coal-vessels in Queen's County, 18 months; and daily. Several passage vessels also Major H. formerly M. P. for B. set out weekly from Liverpool, which “This gentleman," he adds, are large in size, and provided with released, in consequence of the nonexcellent accommodations.

payment to him of the Manx-groat That there should have existed, per day; and yet, after a lapse of and perhaps for centuries, a Prison eight months, was put into prison for Debtors, in so remote a part of again for the same deblıHis Majesty's British dominions, I The writer thus concludes his first. had no intelligence whatever, till it melancholy leller : “ The darkness was communicated to me by two very of the room I sit in, must apologize interesting letters, dated Aug. 20, for the badness of my writing ; the and Noy. 10, 1810, from a gentleman, state of my mind, for the incoherence formerly a Lieutenant-colonel of Dra- of my letter ; and my poverty, for goons ; and, at the time of writing,

this imprisoned Debtor in Castle The court-yard of this prison is a Rushen.

part of the old fossé (the ditch or Whilst I regret that want of know- moat round it) which formerly was ledge which has hitherto prevented filled by the tide ; and the water kept my visiting this lonesome Prison, of in, or let out, as might be necessary which I have been favoured with a for the defence or accommodation of drawing, I cannot convey to my

the inner Castle. It is, of course, Readers a better idea of it, than exceedingly damp; surrounded also





Mr. Neild on Castle Rushen Gaol.

[Dec. by high walls ; and seldom does the the above. It lately held, of prisonsun shine upon any part of it. The ers, 13 in number; but now only privy attached to it is not supk, as three ; besides an infant boy, son of propriety might have suggested; it a man and his wife, who (so strangely is dirty beyond belief; and, in the sum- is the Law here constructed) are both mer months (for some prisoners have of them confined in this gaol for the spent all the seasons here) it eructs same debt! such, almost pestilential, effluvia, On the walls is a small apartment, as to render the court-yard intole about 8 feet square, said to be a rable. The pump also, ordained to Danish watch-turret, and in which supply the essential beverage of life, one gentleman is detained. is out of order; and, though long

of the above four rooms, it may ago the prisoners have prayed to seem almost difficult to believe, have it mended, this grand deside. though true, that not one has been ratum of comfort is still left in the white-washed in the last three years ; same useless state. Many unpleasant and when they were so refreshed, for instances, both of want and vexation, the most obvious reasons, it was done have oceurred, from the negligence at the expence of the prisoners themof supplying the prisoners with a selves, who inhabited them at the regular quota of water. Complaints time. have frequently been made on this At present, they are obliged to conhead, which, it is hoped, may never tribute to the expence of having a again be rendered necessary.

woman to clean out their respective It has been doubted by Manx gen- rooms daily; to pay 2s. 6d. per week tlemen of the Law, whether, and how for the hire of a bed and bedstead ; far, English Acts of Parliament can six-pence a week also for the use of a bind this Island, except in matters of little table and a chair ; and coals cost revenue. Is it thus then that pecunice them each about 28, per weck. These "omnia obediunt ! or can it besuffered, articles, together with the charge for that imperium in imperio shall thus their female attendant, stand each prevail? Such a decision it is the individual (if he has it to command) interest of no one to desire; for to all about 26s. per month, exclusive of it must prove injurious insonie the expence for candles; and " by the degree, and could benefit no honest badness of this writing," my Correman. We are told, that such laws of spondeut observes, “ yon will readily jonovation, even if originating from perceive, that the darkness of our England, onght to be first proiuulged regions requires them.” on the Tynwald Hill, a consecrated «A mind like yours," continues he, spot, in the centre and heart of the * will feel great gratification, in Isle of Man, where all new Laws averting the horrors of an approach. are necessarily proclaimed. It may ing winter, by a supply of cvals; and be so, locally; but, surely, this rea- Mr.

Merchant, in Castle soning cannot reach to militate against Town, would readily purchase them the common law of humanity. at the cheapest raie, to whatever

The apartments for confinement in amount in money you may be pleased this gaol consist of three principal to remit. From the pits of White

One of them is about 20 leeť haven, coats are sold here at a com: by 14, with a single window in it, paratively reasonable price and meawhich does not open, but has two sure ; and I presume, that about six wooden panes made occasionally to tons would last through the winter, be taken out, and thus let in air. It which, it is feared, may prove cx• was not long since occupied by 14, ceeling hard.” but now by three prisoners only. "The apartments here, or rather

The second room is 14 feet by 12, dungeons, are very damp and cold. having two Gothic windows, 8 inches Mr. S----, who lately occupied the cach in breadth, with an iron bar room in which I am now contined, through the centre. Here, recently, has declared to me, that, had be were nine inhabitants ; but now only remained anviher winter in it, he tuo.

'must have entirely lost the use of his The third room is of the same din limbs.'

A supply of Candles also mensious; and lighted (if light it would be of the niost charitable conmay be called) by two windows like seqnence."

" The


" The iron-bedsteads, &e. which Island, declaring them to be oppresyou mention, would answer the best. sive, arbitrary, and unjust. If the beneficence of the donor should From the dampness of his prison in extend the number to six (or two Castle Rushen, even in a summer for each room) it would be impartially season of the year, this excellent benefiting the whole : and, in that Prelate contracted a disorder in his case, I would advise, that some im- right hand, which disabled him, pression, or stamp, should be made through life, from the free use of his upon the iron; such, for instance, as fingers. He ever after wrote back• The Donation of ****** to the wards, slanting towards the left, with Prison (or the Prisoners) of CASTLE his whole hand grasping the pen., A RUSHEN GAOL.' The kind gift would friend has just laid before me some thus become exclusively secured, and autographs of Bishop Wilson (an ex perpetuated to the use of the pri- cellent Tract on the Visitution of the soners.”

Sick); and but too clearly do they So very singular and unsystematic evince the injury he must have susdo the proceedings of this secluded tained, from so vile avd cruel an io. Island appear, that certain arbitrary carceration. The following lines and lawless events in it occasion less upon the occasion are cited from surprize. The venerable Bishop Feltham's “ Tour" of the Island in Wilson, whose name here is only pot 1798 *, p. 109 ; and cannot but gra, adored ; and by whose exemplary tify a lover of Religion and Virtue: life and writings, the world has re- « But, oh! the sad reverse of fate, ceived, and will long continue to That neither spares the good nor great, receive, unspeakable edification,

Not e'en can cherubs paint. was, on the 29th of June, 1722, to- Lo, Envy! brooding o'er the scene, gether with his two Vicars-general, Dash'd with a cloud the bright serene; committed to this destructive prison And bore to Rushen's walls the perseof Castle Rushen, for the non-pay

cuted Saint. ment of a fine, which he had just « There as immurd the good man lay, reason to oppose, and which after- Awhile to Tyranny a prey, wards appeared to be unjust. They Sate Patience, with calm eye ; were kept closely immured within And there too, Faith, who gives to flow, these dreary walls, and no persons 0 Innocence, thy robe of woe, admitted to see or converse with Oped, through the vale of tears, a vista them.

to the sky." The horrors of a prison were ag- My only apology for writing this gravated by the unexampled severity long letter, is from the hope of its of the then Governor, in not per- attracting the attention of some Memmitting the Bishop's house-keeper ber of the British Legislature, during (who was the daughter of a former the approaching Session of ParliaGovernor) to see him, or any of his ment." "I am, dear Sir, yours truly, servants to attend upon him during

James Neild. his whole confinement; nor was any To Dr. Lettsom, London. friend admitted to either his Lordship. or his Vicars-general. They were not


Dec. 13. treated as common prisoners, but with all the strictness of prisoners I am one of those old-fashioned

Churchmen, who lament the negconfined for High Treason. Their lect of the Feasts and Fasts of the sole attendants were common gaolers; Church. I particularly regret that and even these, we are told, were the Ember-Weeks are not regarded instructed to use their prisoners ill! with more solemnity. So little is In this wretched gaol, were the good there of this, that many of the peoBishop, and his innocently-suffering ple, I am persuaded, do not even friends, confined for two months; know when they come ; and I and, at the end of that time, released, have known a Musical Festival of upon his Lordship’s Petition to the three days' continuance, held in the King and Council before whom his Ember weeks, in one of the most pocause was afterwards heard and de

termined. On the 4th of July, 1724, * An elegant Octavo, printed by Crutt· His Majesty in Council reversed all well of Bath, and sold by the late Mr,

the proceedings of the officers in the Charles Dilly. See vol. LXIX. p.

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