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GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE:

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OCTOBER, 1810.

CONTAINING

LONDON GAZETTE

Cornw.-Covent. 2 GENERAL EVENING

Cumberland 2 M.Post M. Herald

Doncaster--Derb. Morning Chronic.

orchest.--Essex Times-M. Advert.

Exeter 2, Glouc. 2 P.Ledger--Oracle

Halifax Hants 2 Brit. Press-Day

Hereford, Hull 3 St. James's Chron.

(pswich 1, Kent 4 Star-Traveller

Lancast. Leices. Pilot--Statesman

Lands2, Liverp. 6 Sunven. Mail

Maidst, Manch. 4 Lond. Chr.Packet

Newc.3.-Notts. 2 Albion--C. Chron.

Northamptop ? Courier-Globe

Norfolk, Norwich Eng. Chron. -- Ing.

N.Wales Oxford 2 Cour d'Angleterre

Portsea-Pottery Cour. de Eondres

Preston Piym. 2 150therWeekly P.

Reading -Salisb. 17 Sunday Papers

Salop--Sheffield2 Hue & Cry Police

Sherborne, Sussex Lit. Adv, monthly

Yhrewsbury Bath 3_Redford

tatk.--Stamfe 2 Berwick-Boston

Caunion Type Birmingham 3

Wakefi.---Warw. Blackb. Brighton

Worc, 2--YORK Bristol 5, Bury

IRELAND 37 Camb.--Chath.

SCOTLAND 24 Carli.2--Chester 2

Sunday Avertiser Chelms Cainbria,

Jersey 2. Guern. Meteorolog. Diaries for Sept, aud Oct. 1810, 298, Cow Pock.--J. Carter.--Clergymen's Widows 332 Care of the Walls of York recommended . . 299 Ld. Elgin's Reinoval of Antiquit. from thens333 ARCHITECTURAL Iọnovation, No. CXLIX. 301 LITERARY INTELLIGENCE .

334 A Meteorological Journal kept at Clapton. 504 Review or New PUBLICATIONS; viz. The Scenery of Lillo's “George Barnwell”. 305 The Life of Fenelon, Archbishop of Cambray337 The Shelton Oak near Shrewsbury described ib. Poems ; vy C. A, Wheelwright, A.B. 349 Epitaphs, &c. in St. Nicholas Chu. Harwich 506 The Times, a Poem.

S42 Hornsey Church.-RivalxAbbey.-Precedence307 Miss Porter's Scottish Chiefs, a "Romance. 345 BrowneFamily.-Scotch and Irish Baronetage309 Mr. Mathias Character of Rev. N. Nicholls 346 Remarks on some Passages in “Wallace” 310 Eltou's Tales351-Peacock'sGeniusof Thames 52 Analysis of Books—"Advice to a Son." 312 Barrett's Woman, a Poem--Index Indicat. 357 Illustrations of Horace, Book I. Satire VIII. 314 Select Poetry{for October 1819.1.338_360 Mr. Pratt on Life of Bp. Hall.--Shakspeare 317 Interesting Intell. froin the London Gazettes 361 On the Lawfulness of the Sports of the Field ibid. Ld. Wellingyon's Acet. of Battle of, Bu?$2_o 571 Planes.--Mad. Pecamier.-Miscell. Remarks 320 Abstract of the principal PoreignOccurrendes 373 Rev. R. Cecil-Marwood Family.--Spiders ibid. Tremendous Eruption of Mount Vesuviis. 375 Church Notes from Brixworth, Northampt. 321 Remarkable overflowing of a Pond at Liton 375 Seal-ring described, probably Shakspeare's 322 Celebration of Mr. B. Johason's 100th year 379 Confessions of a Naval Officer continued ... 323 Theatrical Register.--Eecles. Preferwents 381 Translation of Breiktopf's Historyof Printing324 Births and Marriages of eminent Persons. ibid. On Chapels of Easę, Paper Money, & Coin 325 Memoirs of the late Abraham Goldsmid, Esq.382 Dr. Lettsom's Sixty-seventh Letter on Prisons ib. AdditionsandCorrectionsinformerobituaries 385 Mr.Neild on Portsmouth & Southampt. Gaols326) Obituary, with Anecd. of remarkable Persons 386 An original Letier from David Hume .. 328 Bill of Mortality from Sept. 25 to Oct. 23, 399 Memorial on State of the Mexlical Profession ib. Prices of Markets, Canal Shares, &c. &c. 399 Strait Road from London to Dartford recom. 330| Daily Variations in the Prices of the Stocks 400

Embellished with a Perspective View of Hucks Barn, said to be the Residence of the Uncle of George Barnwell; the Shelton Oak, near Shrewsbury; Monuments in BriXWORTH CHURCH;

and a Seal RING, probably Shakspeare's.

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By SYLV ANUSUR B AN, Gent.

Printed by J. NICHOLS and ŞON, at Cicero's Head, Red Lion Passage, Fleet-street, London:

where all Letters to the Editor are desired to be address, Post-paid. 1810.

METEOROLOGLCAL DIARY for September, 1810. By Dr. Pole, Bristof,

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70 79 29-16 mostly cloudy
70 80 29-17 moruing some rain, mostly clear
66 70 29-16 cloudy, frequent rain

55 64 29-13 morning rain, cloudy at times 5 54 65 29-18 some scattered clouds

63 69 29-19 mostly clear
53 66 30. 3 clear
51 65 30- 1 clear

50 65 30- 0 clear
10 61 68 29-17 cloựdy in general, some light rain
11 55 56 29-16 cloudy, rainy, windy
12 52 39 29-17 mostly clear
13 49 66 29-19 rather cloudy

52 70 30- 8 cloudy, evening some light rain 15 55 60

30- 5 clear 16 53 65 30- 3 cloudy at times, evening some light rain 17 57 68 30- 1 cloudy 18 58 70 29-19

morning foggy, then clear 19 54 69 29-19 ditto 30 53 67 30. O

ditto

rather cloudy 21 59 66 30. O ditto

ditto in general 92 58 61 29-19 cloudy, heavy rain, thunder and lightning 93 51 59 29-17 cloudy, some rain, thunder, evening clear 94 49 64 29-19 morning cloudy, mostly clear

56 68 30. O morning hazy, then clear 96 57 68 30- 0 clear 27 54 69 29-18 mostly clear 98 59 67 29-18 clear 29 56 68 29-18

cloudy at times, evening rainy 30 62 71 29-17 morning cioudy, then clear.

The average degrees of Temperature as noted at 8 o'clock in the morning, are 58 40-100ths; those of the corresponding month in the year 1809, were 56 76-100ths; in 1808, 45 80.100ths; in 1807, 48 27-100ths ; in 1806, 54 52-100ths; in 1805, 58-100ths; and in 1804, 56 32-100ths.

The quantity of Rain fallen this month is equal to 2 inches 66-100ths; that of the corresponding month in the year 1809, was 4 inches 16-100ths ; in 1808, 4 inches 36-100ths; in 1807, 3 inches 69-100ths; in 1806, 1 inch 81-100ths; in 1805, 1 inck 59-100ths; and in 1804, 28-100ths.

METEOROLOGICAL Table for October 1810. By W. CARY, Strand. Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer. Height of Fahrenheit’s Thermometer.

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THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE,
For OCTOBER, 1810.

,

Mr. URBAN, York, Aug. 13. are but a cambrous deformity, pre•
YORK
YORK deservedly ranks as the se- judicial to the health of the City,

cond City in England ; yet it is and that more useful edifices might not the mere established title to be so be erected on their sites ! So might called, but the association of ideas, the hallowed melancholy of St. Mary's and the impressions which its own Abbey-precincts be invaded; so might features create; that ratify the justice Clifford's Tower be leveled with the of the claim, and would stamp it with dust ; and all that reminds us of the the appellation, even did no legal magnificence of antient York, remain right exist for it. But, alas! Mr. only in the beautiful delineations of Urban, the ravages of the grand Mr. Halfpenny. It is not for a destroyer are planting the deep fur. Stranger to behold or understand the rows of age on many parts of its springs which move the conduct of venerable countenance ; and I fear those in whom local administration that some of its features are vanishing resides; he can but reason from what away for ever.

he sees, and from the feelings which I have indulged myself with a Ram- those views excite; but if it be only ble on a portion of the Walls of the tusle, whether good or bad, that is City, formerly more agreeable, when busy on the occasion, he may then more safe, from North-street Post- be allowed to express his own sentiern, nearly to Skeldergate Posteru; ments, and to confess, that he is but I am sorry to say, that there are rather at a loss to conceive how a interruptions in the course of it, which circumvallatiou, which in his idea take much from the pleasure of the operates as a barrier against the acwalk, and which, I think, might be cumulation of buildings, can be acremedied. . It is not to be expected counted not salutary; and he

may

be that these decaying fabricks should permitted to ask, whether, as the now be renewed ; yet I should think, closeness of the streets cannot be uni. that the contemplation of the majestic versally remedied, it is pot counterruins might, at no very considerable balanced by the possession of eleva. expence, be rendered easy and secure, tions, coninianding the most interestand that the walk along the ramparts ing scenery,and whereon,could we cermight be maintained, although the tify the roads in order, the inhabitbattlements themselves should be ants might walk delighted, and enjoy entirely given up to the silent en- the freshness of the reviving breeze. croachments of Time; and, certainly, that some sylphid zephyr would on the interest of the scene would be in its silken pinions, in language soft as no degree diminished, if these moul the wings that bore it, language that deriog rempants, and the sombrous could neither irritate nor offend, confeelings of the Antiquary who cou- vey the sorrows and regrets of Antitemplates them, should occasionally quity to those who ought to be the be irradiated by the bright beams that guardians, not the destroyers of dart from blushing Beauty's lustrous these antique piles ; and could coneyes. But there are surmises afloat, vince them, that, though unseen, unfounded ones I hope, that it is not the frowning forms of their foreTime alone that burls down the inassy fathers, caparisoned in all their grim fragments ; but that more daring attire of war, stalk terrible along the depredation, if not permitted, is at ramparts of their old defences, ascend least overlooked : and notions are their lofty towers, look down with entertained, that the walls themselves mingled anger and concern, and in

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300 Preservation of the Walls at YORK recomvilended.

[Oct. their hands raise high those formida. rest and expatiate : I could not with ble wcapons, which they are still not the same ardour have accompanied it to permitted to let fall on their forgetful the Castle; nor with the same emotions

sons ; yet those sons might hear their liave contemplated those Judges'comsighs, which float hollow on the winds naissioned by His Majesty to dispense that murmur round the battlements, justice, and maintain order in his and their groans, which mix with the provinces; nor with the same lively tempest, and swcil the sullen horrors impression have marked the subseof the storm. O that they would quent transmission of those Judges hear them! O that they would be from the Coach of the Sheriff of the persuaded,' that, although out of County, to the Coach of the Sheriffs London they can only address their of the City ; thus evincing, by a Chief Magistrate by the same title, speaking form, the sensibility of Juyet' that the consequence of their risdiction, and appealing palpably. to City is of a different description to the surrounding multitude ; many of that of the Metropolis; and that, if whom, perhaps, might not be able they would maintain its real reputa- to discuss the nature of their sensation as the second City of the king- tions, but all of whom could feel them dom, they would, as much as pos- to be just, and that something had sible, preserve the vestiges of former been presented to them of an inporttimes, aod not suffer its Antiquity to ance beyond the visible perception of be no more.

Nor without this iinTo absolute necessity, London has posing association of ideas could I yielded much of its primæval gran- have experienced sentiments so subdeur; to absolute necessity, Ouse- limed, when, on the following Sunbridge must also yield. An air of day, I attended in the Temple of the modernised importance will necessa- Lord, in such a 'Temple! to hear that rily characterise the seat of modern Liturgy accompanied with all its CaEmpire. But this necessity is indige- thedral magnificence, which, whether nous to the Metropolis ; it extends not thus presented to us in choral sublibither: and the air of grandeur which mity, or sanctified by the unadorned proudly tells us tuis is York, is the simplicity of the pious Pastor of the grandeur of ages long ago; of times, Village Church, is always interesting, that we are convinced have been, by and can always reach the heart ; but, the substantial memorials which croud in this place, it was grateful to hear upon the sight; yet how well modern the Commandments of Heaven deliimprovement, when judiciously in- vered from the High Altar, as of old troduced, will harinonize with antient by Moses from the Holy Mountain, interest, let the New Walk, that mo- and to listen to the soft melody of dern glory of the city, testify and responsive supplication, floating confirm. York will ever preserve the among the grand enrichments of pride and boast, how justly merited! this amazing edifice, and ascending, of its unequalled Cathedral; but de- we trust, above its walls, to mix prive it of all other remains of what with the Hymn of Praise chanted by it has beep, and though it will pos- Cherubim and Seraphim beyond the sess an objecť which cannot be viewed skies. "It was grateful to have the without die highest admiration ; yet fervour of emotion afterwards brought it would then be viewed alone, and down to earth and earth's concerns, the association of ideas, perpctually by a jerdicious, practical, and imrecurring to us wherever we lumn our pressive discourse, presenting the eyes in this venerable City, and which grand outlines of a picture, which it so greally adils to the contemplation was the duty of the mind to fill up ; of the Ninster itself, would then be and delivered will that plainness wanting to complete the pleasing which was suitable to the place and picture; and for myseif I must own, the occasion ; and which, in my inind that without this unavoidable asso- at least, and if I may judge from the ciation, I could not have feil the saine attention with which it was received, interest in the Procession of the could not, in the opinions of numbers, Judges into. York, a Procession on have been heightened, had it been which, while passing through this attempied to have been set off by the antient City, the mind could amply unappropriaic aid of forensic energy,

1,

us.

or the still more inadmissible accom- the tracery, is, as it were, stuck paniment of dramatic effervescence. within it. This kind of window-conThese graces of Oratory, in their struction is certainly an original proper places, please and interest ; thought of Wykeham's, although we and the want of them there is felt : find numerous instances of the arches but I think they should not be trans- to the entrances of castles done at: planted into the Pulpit, from whence this period with a segment of a should proceed the sacred directions Pointed arch only. Thus much by of Truth, in language plain, but way of obseryation in this plaee ; proenergetic ; in manner impressive, but ceed we, therefore, on our regular pot fantastic. Sermons are to speak course in the illustration of the Rise to the heart, not to the cye; for it is and Progress of Architecture among to be hoped, that we do not, and certainly we should not, go to Church. ST. STEPHEN'S CHAPEL, Westminwith our minds so totally unprepared ster; date, 1330. In this building, for the occasion, that there, as it every trial of the arts of Architecture were, we are now to receive a new and Painting is brought to the utmost Commandment, and to have the Pro- stretch of human ability ; and while position maintained, and the con- our wonder is excited at those who viction enforced upon us, by all the wrought its completion, our disgust arguments and auxiliaries which the is at the same time raised against the tongue and the arm united can press savage hands that, since the Dissoluinto its service: and it was grateful tion, have either mutilated its dito be finally dismissed with the Archi- vine attractions, or horded up the episcopal Benediction from those beauteous relicks still in being, with sacred walls, within which, along with common wainscoting, from the pubthe humble, had been assembled to- lic eye. It is from that laudable pubgether for social worship, those ex- lication by the Society of Antiquaries ålted characters whom the Constitu- of this Chapel, in plans, elevations, tion had placed in stations which will and sections, that we are enabled at always secure to them respect ; buť on this time to entertain any idea of its whose own conduct alone it depends to original glorious state, to which we unite with it the nobler sentiments of refer.

nor could I leave this West Front. The portion left of Sanctuary without the felicities of the elevation, consists of the porch. Britain rising to the mind, and The pediinepts over the arches to the prompting the Prayer and the Hope, compartinents of the screen before it, That'a merciful Providence will still indicate a gentle sweep; leaving, in a preserve us; that Piety and Penitence certain degree, the pyramidal line, may walk hand in hand amongst us ; so conspicuous in theexamples spoken that Peace may be within our walls, of at this period of the art. and Plenteousness within our palaces : East Front*. The East window preso that we may be ever able to re- sents a kneed outline ; and as all vespeat with the Preacher, and that tiges of the tracery is gone, some even our Enemies may see it, and say, doubt must be conceived in what way Happy are the People that are in such its head was filled in , yet ly exaa case ; yea, Blessed are the People mining the interiors of the side winwho have the Lord for their God ! dows of the crypt (they remaining Yours, &c.

W. persect, each having this kneed out,

line and accordant tracery) some bints ARCHITECTURAL INNOVATION. perhaps may be derived, necessary to No. CXLIX.

assist the mind in this respect. Be Pointed STYLE, &c.

this as it may. (continued.)

Interior of the Chupel. “ The piers IN studying the nave of Winchester between the windows are made out

Cathedral erected by Bishop with closters of delicate columns, Wykeham in'the reign of Edward 111. studded over with small enriched pa a striking peculiarity in the windows tera's. Similar columns are disposed is visible"; the form of the head, or in the dados to the windows; they arch to them, is a segment of a Pointed * This front has been lately modernarch, while a regular triangular pro- ised. See our Survey, vol. LXXVII. Du portioned Pointed arch, containing 532.

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reverence:

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