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P R E FACE.

No event ever proved so interesting, to mankind in general

and to the inhabitants of Europe in particular, as the discovery of the new world, and the passage to India by the cape of Good Hope: it at once gave rise to a revolution in the commerce and in the power of nations, as well as in the manners, industry and government of almost the whole world. At this period new connections were formed by the inhabitants of the molt distant regions, for the supply of wants they had never before experienced. The productions of climates situated under the equator were consumed in countries bordering on the pole ; the industry of the north was transplanted to the south ; and the inhabitants of the weit were clothed with the manufactures of the east; in short, a general intercourse of opinions, laws and customs, diseases and remedies, virtues and vices, were established amongst men.

In Europe, in particular, every thing has been changed in confequence of its commerce and connection with the American continent; but the changes which took place prior to the latç revolution, (which established the liberties of the United States, and transformed the dependent colonies of Britain into an independent commonwealth, or rather a fociety of commonwealths) only served to increase the misery of mankind, adding to the power of despotism, and rivetting faster the fhackles of oppression; the commerce of Spain, in particular, with the new world, has been supported by a system of rapine,

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murder and oppression ; a system that bas spread desolation and distress not only in America, but in Europe and Africa. . She has, however, benefitted but little by it, for her strength, commerce and industry, have evidently declined in proportion to the influx of the gold of the new continent. With GreatBritain, for a considerable period, things appeared fomewhat different; till the epoch of the revolution her-commerce with America increased her national strength, and added to her own industry and wealth, while it desolated and ravaged the coast of Africa,

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From the period of the revolution, the influence of America on Europe has been of a different kind : the glorious struggle -which the United States sustained, and the inquiries to which that eventful period gave rise, did much to raise mankind from that state of abject Navery and degradation, to which defpotifri, aided by superstition, had sunk them : from that period the rights of man began to be understood, and the principles of civil and religious liberty have been canvassed with a freedom before unknown, and their influence has extended itself from the palace to the cottages in short, the revolution in the late British American colonies bids fair ultimately not only to occasion the emancipation of the other European colonies on that conia tinent, but to accomplish a complete revolution in all the old governments of Europe.

We have already, fecn a patriot king, aided by a hero who fought for the cause of freedoin under Washington, struggling to render his people free and happy, and we have witnessed a perjured defpot expiating his crimes on the scaffold, at the command of a people roused to a sense of their injuries and rights, by men who had allisted in establishing the liberties of America. -In refle&ting on those scenes as individuals, we can only lament the want of success which has attended the former, and regret the srimes of ambitious and unprincipled individuals, which have certainly tarnished, but not destroyed, the glory !

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of the revolution, which hasrattended the latter. b The form swill, howevet, ere long pafs daway, and feturning peace will leave the other nations of Europe at liberty to contemplate without prejudice, not only their own situation, but the refources of France. drawn forth into a&tion under the influence of an energetic government, founded on the will of the people, and administered at an expense far less than what the penfioned minions of its former corrupt court alone devoured. Wienever that period arrives, and arrive it will, it needs not a 'spirit of inspiration to assert, that the other nations of Europe must submit to a thorough reformation, or be content to behold their commerce, agriculture, and population decline.'ffo 27:23

"Wat not! , on the mean time the United States are profiting by the convulled-fatuation of Europe, and increasing, "in a degree hithento unparalleled in the history of nations, in population and opylence. Their power, commerce and agriculture, are rapidlyicon the increase, and the wisdom of the federal government has hitherto been such as to render the prospect of a fetNement under its foftering influence truly inviting to the merchant, the manufacturer, the mechanic, and the industrious labourer: nor have these alone found the United States advanlageous, the perfecuted in France or England have there found an asylum, where their lives, property and Miberty are secure ; where they may almost say, the wicked cease from troubling, and the weary are at rest. Nor can any doubt be entertained, but in a fhort period the than of frience, as well as the contemplative and experimental philofopher, will find the shores of Columbia cqually propitious to their wishes. Education is fending forth its illuminating rays, and its inhuence on the rising generation will aid the Americans in all their ofbeo pursuits.341 24:17. idsi nu bstiho turtod N 073117 -E! yino ne 2 9W x subvbni if. conual dente no yndaftar siL: Thecinhabitants of Earopetre noe infenfible of thefe fa. voutablonéitetimftaneesu bThe whammas of civil and religidas H. berty the advantages of an extensive and fertile, Katunculti15

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vated country, of an increasing, commerce,, unshackled and unencumbered by heavy and impolitic duties and impofts, have already invited numbers to leave its bosom-numbers, which the iron hand of persccution and the awful prospects of intes; sime division or abject Navery, will continue to increase.

The attention of Europe in general, and of Great-Britain in particular, being thus drawn to the new world, the Editor, at the instigation of some particular friends, undertook the task, which he hopes, he has in some degree accomplished in the following volumes, of affording his countrymen an op: portunity of becoming better acquainted with its settlement by Europcans--the events that led to the establishment and independence of the United States--the nature of their governa ment-their present situation and advantages, together, with their future prospects in commerce, 'nanufactures and agriculture. This formed the principal design of the work; but he farther wished with this to connect a general view of the situation of the remaining European possessions in Amez rica and the West-India islands ; this has been therefore, at tempted, and nearly a volume is dedicated alone to this sub; ject, Connected with the above, une object has been constantly kept in view, namely, to afford the emigrator to America a summary of general information, that may, in fome measure ferve as a directory to him in the choice of a residence, as well as in his after pursuits. This suggested the propriety of adopting the plan which Mr. Morfe had laid down in hiş American Geography; and this must plead in excuse for the miscellaneous matter introduced in the third volume, at the clofe of the history of the States.

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Liow far the Editor has succeeded in the accompliNimeņt.of this olject is not for him to determine ; he can only say, he has fpared no pains, nor neglected any opportunity, which his fruation permitted him to embrace to obtain information; and he has to express his obligations for the obliging communica

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