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must ; because it cannot be sustained pouring the flood of wealth and honor on the by argument; because it has become Christian church, the clergy in particular, was obnoxious to all religious dissenters
productive of more evil to the church than all because it is hated by all, sceptics and time that power, riches, and honor of all kinds,
the ten persecutions put together. From the infidels ; because it is an outrage were heaped upon the Christians, vice of all against the King of Kings; and kinds came in like a flood, both in the clergy especially because its overthrow is and laity. From the time the Church and foretold aud dilineated by the
State, the kingdom of Christ and of the world, pen of
were so strangely and unnaturally blended toInspiration.
gether, Christianity and heathenism were so It was overthrown in America by thoroughly incorporated with each other, that all the means named, except that of a they will hardly ever be divided till Christ predicted end. All these means are
comes to reign on earth.” now conspiring against it in the Old In Scotland, Presbyterianism in World. It, therefore, seems to me one form sits near the throne ; but most probable that the sword must be not being fed at such a sumptuous unsheathed before this PROTESTANT board, does not exhibit so much of MAN OF Sin shall come to his end. the epicure as the prelatic brotherHe is a part of Magna Charta of hood of England. Still the sword Great Britain, and a change of so temporal and the sword spiritual are essential an item in that document is both employed by the “High Kirk not to be expected but through a o’Scotland,” as the case may be, and revolution.
have done good service in maintaining That the three estates of that her high and royal position. She empire-King, Lords, and Commons believes that Kings and Queens may, -will, in full assembly met, sever the in a spiritual sense, yet become nursing State from the Church, and demon- fathers and mothers to the church, strate their conviction that “Christ's and yet feed her with royal dainties. kingdom is not of this world,” would She, therefore, perseveringly prays be one of the most improbable political for the speedy arrival of that glorious events that I could imagine. I do
age. She seems not yet to have not, indeed, say, in this age of revolu- learned that this promise began tions, that such an event is impossible; eighteen hundred years ago, when but I do say that it is superlatively the Gentiles were brought into the improbable.
church of Christ. Kings and Queens These downy, pampered Bishops, then and since hare raised multitudes Archbishops, and Primates, feasting for the kingdom of the Messiah—not, on a quarter of a million of dollars per indeed, intending it, but nevertheless annum, neither will nor can die easy effectually doing it. in any way of dying we can imagine But leaving the Church and State -naturally, politically, or ecclesiasti- position of Great Britain, I must just cally. They are, indeed, as I believe advert for a moment to the condition from Daniel and John, doomed to a of her labouring and effective classes. violent end. But we must leave But this I must make the subject of the event to future development and another letter. proceed.
Your affectionate Father, I am not far from subscribing to the
A. CAMPBELL. following views of John Wesley, which I quote from his “ Gospel Banner,” EDUCATION.—The true end of education is on this unnatural and monstrous union to unfold and direct aright our whole nature. of Church and State :
The intellect was created not to receive passively
a few words, dates, and facts, but to be active “I have long been convinced, from the whole for the acquisition of truth. Education should tenor of ancient history, that this very event, inspire a profound love of truth, and teach the Constantine's calling himself a Christian, and process of investigation.
FAMILY CULTURE.* incidents, facts, and events found in CONVERSATIONS AT THE CARLTON
the sacred biographers, and his views HOUSE.-No. XXIV.
of the New Institution, I desire you
to read Luke's preface, and to observe NEW TESTAMENT.
the reason which he offers by way of Olympas. Not merely for the sake apology for his attempting the matter. of variety, but for your farther im
[Thomas having read the preface, provement in the first principles of Olympas proceeded.] the Christian institution, I have You will observe from this apology thought it expedient to intermit for a and dedication to Theophilus, that few lessons the book of Genesis, and the Christian religion, its author, and to take a few readings in the New its propagators, had even at this early Testament. You will, therefore, turn period attracted much attention ; and over to the evangelical history, and that the demand for information on read this morning the first chapter of the whole subject was so great as to Luke.
call for numerous accounts and narraThomas. Why not begin with Mat- tives from the hands of those who thew, seeing he is placed at the be
were first converted to the faith. ginning of the book?
From Luke's account both of these Olympas. Matthew, indeed, it is contemporaries and himself, we would agreed, is the oldest of the four evan- expect from him a more copious and gelists. He wrote first, but he is not methodical history of the whole afso full, nor so methodical as Luke, fairs of that day, than from any of his especially in the early incidents of the predecessors in the work. And as to Christian history. Now as we wish his competence to the task, and fidelity to trace every thing with accuracy in executing it, the work itself, and belonging to our holy religion, and to the concurring voice of all antiquity, arrange in order and harmony the fully and satisfactorily avouch. Wri* The letters from Europe, by A. Campbell
, cated in that language, as well as
ting in Greece, and being better eduwhich originated in his visit to England during
more conversant with the character the year 1847, and which were regularly sent to us by him for publication in this periodical, than any of the other three elect
of history among foreign nations, where they have been read with so much inte
writers. his narrative has always been rest by our friends and subscribers, will terminate with the present volume. These letters regarded, so far as the human chahave caused some delay in our publishing
racter of the work is considered, as many other interesting articles sent by the the most finished and instructive of same author for that purpose, but to which we
them all, though in various particushall now pay" immediate attention. In the lars not so full as the testimonies of first place we shall give the concluding articles
either Matthew or John. on Family CULTURE, or CONVERSATIONS AT
It has another excellence that gives THE CARLTON HOUSE. The author of these it superior claims to our attention at dialogues, having passed through the book of this time. Besides iis being together Genesis to the xxii. chapter inclusive, com
with the book of the Acts of the mences with the New Testament, or the gospel Apostles, a concise and perspicuous by Luke, which stands as the twenty-fourth narrative of all the great facts and article on Family Culture. By referring to our events of the first sixty-three years volumes for the years 1845-6 and 7, the whole of the gospel history, it affords us the may be read in their connection. Any of our greatest variety of facts and docunew subscribers may be supplied with complete ments from which to deduce the sets at least of 1846-7, and part of 1845, in doctrine of Christ in the inductive numbers at 2s. 6d. the volume, direct from the manner, which is a capital object of Editor.-ED.
the examination which we are about
to undertake. The spirit and ten- Olympas. From whom had he this dency of the age is in favor of the information of the things most surely inductive mode of communicating and believed, Reuben ? acquiring knowledge on all subjects. Reuben. “From those who from In the Christian religion it has the beginning were eye-witnesses and scarcely, if at all, been introduction. ministers of the word.” We purpose, then, making an effort Olympas. What, then, is the difto acquire the knowledge of the ference between the information redoctrine of Christ by a strictly in- ceived from Luke and the Apostles, ductive method of considering the Eliza ? voluminous facts, precepts, and pro- Eliza. Luke did not first see and mises of the sacred writings of this hear from the lips of the Messiah and Book of Life.
others the things here reported, while We shall, for the time being, seem the ear-witnesses and first ministers to ourselves, as far as possible, mere of the word did. learners, ignorant of all that we Olympas. In what attitude, Thoalready know, and as seeking to mas, does this place Luke before us
? acquire for the first time in our lives Thomas. In the same attitude as an understanding of Christ's religion. that which Moses held in the book of In attempting this we shall use all Genesis. Moses reported he had the terms, and only the terms found learned from indubitable authority. in the book, indicative of new facts, So does Luke. ideas, or institutions. A most minute Olympas. The prophet, then, analysis of the whole narrative may utters new and original ideas directly then be expected, and such allusions from inspiration, whereas the historian and references to the other memoirs faithfully records what he has learned. of Jesus Christ and the Apostles as The sacred historians are, however, will make out in our minds a con- said to be divinely assisted in the gruous, orderly, and comprehensive matter of the fidelity of their work, view of the whole matters of fact and as we shall hereafter enforce. of faith reported to us by the original Thomas. We are at a loss to know witnesses and Apostles of Christ. who Theophilus was, to whom Luke
We shall endeavour to cultivate a addresses himself in this narrative. very intimate acquaintance with every Olympas. So have been our most name of place or person, however learned expositors.
Many bave remotely introduced or connected thought him to be a fictitious chawith the subject of these writings~racter, because the word literally of course always noting those of the indicates a friend of God. But others most interest and importance to the more rationally suppose him to have clear intelligence of the doctrine of been a real person, because of the Christ's religion.
epithet of nobility accompanying the These things premised, we shall name - Kratiste, (Most Excellent,) now farther hear you read, Thomas, being prefixed by Paul to the Roman the 25 verses of the 1st chapter of Governor Felix on two occasions, and Luke ; and then we shall attend to once to Festus, as Luke himself narthe preamble.
rates, Acts, ch. xxiii. xxiv. and xxv. (The verses being read, Olympas All disciples are theophiloi; and to farther proceeded.)
attach “ Most Excellent" to one of Tell me, William, of what does them as indicative of his profession, Luke propose to write ?
would be a solecism in the New William. “A declaration or nar- Testament. Theophilus was, then, rative of the things most surely be- some dignified personage in Greece, lieved” among the Christians. most probably converted by Luke, to
whom he addresses both this book son Herod Agrippa, and his greatand that of the Acts of the Apostles. grand-son Herod Agrippa the King. What appears to have been the design In all, five. of this historian in this narrative, Olympas. I once told you from William ?
Calmet, Josephus, and others, Reuben, William. That Theophilus might the superlative vices of this family of know the certainty of those things in Herods Can you recite them ? which he had been instructed.
Reuden. Herod the Great, yon Olympas. We may then expect a said, was a great monster.
He marclear, a full, and well documented ried ten wives—murdered his eldest narrative of the things believed so son Antipater-murdered his second confidently by the first Christians. wife, Ariamne, and her two sons, Where does the narrative commence, Alexander and Aristobulus-murEliza ?
dered the innocents at Bethlehem, Eliza. In the 5th verse, with the for the sake of murdering the Messiah. reign of Herod.
His son Herod Antipas, murdered Olympas. What Herod was this, John the Baptist. His grand-son Thomas ?
Herod Agrippa murdered James the Thomas. Herod the Great, as Apostle, and machinated the destrucJosephus calls him ; or Herod the tion of Peter, but fortunately died King of Judea.
suddenly at Cesarea. Olympas. How many Herods are Olympas. They were certainly a mentioned in the New Testament bloody race. How long did Herod history?
the Great reign over Judea, and who Thomas, I am not sure that I succeeded him, William ? know them all ; but in reading Jose- William. He reigned seven and phus I observe several persons of the thirty years, and was succeeded by same designations with those men- Archelaus his son, who reigned only tioned in the New Testament. Herod nine years. the Great, a proselyte to the Jews' olympas. After your introduction religion, but an Idumean by birth, to the family of the Herods, we shall obtained from the Roman people the proceed to other matters in the pasgovernment of Judea about 36 years sage, after a single remark on the before the birth of the Messiah. He prediction of Jacob—“The sceptre,” is called Herod the Great by way of said he, was not tọ depart from contrast with the Herods. He was Judah till Shiloh came." Herod the the father of Herod Philip, and Herod Idumean was the first prince of foreign Antipas, who married his brother blood that sat on the throne of David. Philip's wife during his life-time. Though a proselyte to the Jews' By his son Aristobulus he had the religion, he had nothing in common grand-son Herod Agrippa, the same with the royal family of Judah. Still, who murdered the Apostle James, the under his reign, one year before its brother of John, This Herod Agrippa close, the Shiloh appeared and veriwas the father of that King Agrippa, fied the prediction of his father Jacob brother of Queen Bernice, before –“Unto Shiloh the gathering of whom Paul made his defence, as writ- the people has been.” What other ten Acts xxvi.
historical facts are related in the porOlympas. Can you, Eliza, enu- tion read, James, Susan, and Wilmerate all the Herods mentioned in liam the New Testament,
James. Zacharias was a Priest in Eliza, I will try, sir. Herod the the days of Herod, and Elizabeth his Great and his two sons ; Herod Phi- wife was also a Levite, of the daughlip, and Herod Antipas, his grand-'ters of Aaron. He was of Abijah.
William. But they had no child, joy, or joyful, he is known to be reand were both far advanced in years. plete with the effects of life, love, joy,
Susan. They were both righteous &c. Now where the Spirit of God persons.
is felt or is present, it is by such Thomas. According to this repre- manifestations as these. sentation a “righteous man" is one cious effects are there. They are that walks in all the commandments intelligence or light, love, joy, peace, and ordinances of the Lord blame- holiness. The Holy Spirit thus relessly.
plenished the infant Harbinger. James. While ministering in the Reuben. But was it not extraPriest's office it became his lot to ordinary that an infant child should burn incense, and he did it.
be so ? Susan. “And there appeared to Olympas. It was, indeed, extrahim an angel of the Lord standing at ordinary ; and therefore John was an the right side of the altar of incense." extraordinary person all his life.
William. His appearance, how- Susan. Are any children now ever, much disconcerted the good filled with the Holy Spirit ? man. The angel perceiving this, bade Olympas. Not as John was. But him lay aside his fear, and intimated all those children who believe in the to him that he should have a son in Lord and who obey him, do enjoy in his old days who was to be “great in their hearts the Spirit of God. And the sight of the Lord.”
sometimes they may be said to be Olympas. Notice, my dear chil- filled with the Holy Spirit, because dren, this phrase, “great in the sight they have peace with God, and the love of the Lord.” This is a very dif- of God is in them, and they rejoice in ferent sort of greatness from that his salvation. Then they sing, and which is called by that name in the pray, and rejoice in the Lord. common acceptation of mankind. What proofs are given of John's Many men have been great in the inspiration and sanctification, Wilsight of men, who have been exceed- liam ? ingly little in the sight of God.
William. I am not sure that I William. He was to be to his understand this word inspiration. It parents a source of joy and gladness, is indeed said of John that he should and many were to rejoice at his birth. turn many of the children of Israel to He was to be filled with the Holy the Lord, and go before him in the Spirit from his mother's womb. spirit of Elias. James. What is this Holy Spirit ? Eliza. What means this spirit and
Olympas. It is called “the Spirit power of Elias ? of God,” “the Spirit of Holiness.” Olympas. What say you Thomas? It is the author of our holiness.
Thomas. Elias, or Elijah, was a Susan. What is holiness ?
bold, zealous, and holy Prophet, who Olympas. It is sanctification preached righteousness and reproved separation to God-or piety. Any iniquity with great promptness and thing devoted or set apart to God, is, decision. in scripture language, holy. God Olympas. When did he flourish ? himself is holy; therefore his Spirit is Thomas. In the days of Ahab king the Spirit of Holiness.
of Israel, about 910 years before William. I know not how any one Christ. He reproved Ahab for his could be filled with it. The infant impiety and idolatry, and boldly opJohn was filled with it. What does posed, and exterminated the false that mean?
prophets of his day. He was finally Olympas. When a person is said translated to heaven, and was in this to be full of life, full of love, full of signal manner approved of God.