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CRITICISM AND POETRY.-A subscriber re- finds that “the buildings were provided with a marks :-“ We have received the HARBINGER complete system of sewerage, each room having for April, and are sorry Mr. Lee made the mis- had a drain connected with a main sewer. take with respect to 1 Tim. v. 17. Surely a The buildings are found to have been made of remark of Wetstine’s was floating in Mr. Lee's sun-dried bricks, the roorns lined with slabs of mind when he wrote, and he did not go to the marble, covered with bas-reliefs. The earliest text for the right word; but it was the right buildings, constructed probably twelve hundred word Wetstine remarked upon. If I dare give years before Christ, were buried, and the earth advice to some of our critics, I would say, be- which had accumulated upon them was used as ware of etymology! And if I dare recommend a cemetery 700 years before Christ. anything, I would recommend the earnest study of some works of true criticism ; among which

DR. FRANKLIN'S REPLY TO PAINE. -- It I would name two, especially for English rea

was a golden query of Dr. Franklin, in answer ders, as the learned can have access to several

to one of the letters of Tom Paine, that “if others. The works I would name are, Dr.

men were so wicked with religion, what would George Campbell's Translation of the Gospels, they be without it?" (already well known to biblical critics) and the last edition of Dr. Carson's Treatise on Baptism.

THE MOTHER'S TRUST. These books not only teach the principles of

MOTHER, with thy warm lips pressing criticism, but exhibit many successful applica

Thy fair infant's dimpled cheek, tions of them. A further remark we will now

Winning smiles by soft caressing venture. Some persons have the spirit of

From lips yet untaught to speak; poetry—that is, are inspired-without having

Lone may be thy home, and lowlythe faculty of inspiring others. The possession

Small of earthly wealth thy share ; of the former by no means implies the latter.

But a precious trust, and holy, Both these gifts are good to those to whom

Is committed to thy care. they are given, if not abused. But poetry is an art, as well as an inspiration. You ought,

Guard it well, oh, gentle mother, then, to insist that your poets be artists; and Looking still with steadfast eye, this you could do without at all questioning their

From this dim world to another, inspiration. Neither of your April poets have

Where no dark’ning shadows lie. studied art, and therefore neither of them can Thou may'st rear thy fragile blossom, write poetry.”

In celestial bowers to dwell;

Clasp the treasure to thy bosom, ANTIQUITIES.—Nineveh was 15 miles by 9, Gentle mother, guard it well. and 40 round, with walls 100 feet high, and

AMANDA WESTON. thick enough for three chariots abreast.–Babylon was 60 miles within the walls, which were

MANIFESTATION OF CHRIST. 75 feet thick and 300 feet high, with 100 brazen gates. The temple of Diana, at Ephesus, When on the midnight of the East, was 425 feet high, to support the roof. It was

At the dead moment of repose, 200 years in building. — The largest of the Pyra- Like hope on misery's darkened breast, mids is 481 feet high, and 663 feet on the side. The planet of salvation rose. Its base covers 11 acres. The stones are about The shepherd, leaning o'er his flock, 30 feet in length, and the layers are 208. Three Started with broad and upward gazehundred and sixty thousand men were employed Kneeled, while the star of Bethlehem broke in its erection.— The Labyrinth of Egypt con- On music wakened into praise. tains three thousand chambers and twelve halls. — Thebes, in Egypt, presents ruins twenty-seven

The Arabian sage, to hail our king, miles round. It had one hundred gates.

With Persia's star-led magi comes, Carthage was twenty-five miles round.

--Athens And all

, with reverent homage bring, was 25 miles round, and contained 250,000

Their gifts of gold and odorous gums. citizens, and 40,000 slaves.-- The Temple of If heathen sages, from afar, Delphos was so rich in donations, that it was Followed, when darkness round them spread, once plundered of £100,000 sterling ; and The kindling glories of that star, Nero carried from it 200 statues. The walls of And worshipped where its radiance ledRome were thirteen miles.

Shall we, for whom that star was hung THE RUINS OF ANCIENT NINEVEH.

In the dark vault of frowning heavenThese ruins are now being explored by an Eng-Shall we, for whom that strain was sung, lish antiquarian named Layard, whose interest

That song of peace and sin forgivening journal has just been published in London. Shall we, for whom the Saviour bled, The city, once three days' journey in ex- Careless his banquet's blessings see, tent, was located on the east bank of the Tigris, Nor heed the parting word that said, twenty miles below Mosul, and Mr. Layard “Do this in memory of me ?”

* * *

NO. I.




MEXICO & HER POPULATION. the “ancient rivers,” and “palmy

plains” of Asia, where he is fanned

by "spicy breezes," and furnished [These articles, eight or ten in number, will with the choicest gifts of nature, he is appear in the form of correspondence, and no

no less wretched and abject upon that doubt prove highly interesting to our readers.]

portion of our own continent which Interior of Mexico-Plateau of stretches itself into some burning latiAnahuac.

tude where the productions of nature flourish in luxuriant beauty, and as

sume the most gigantic proportions. FROM these fertile districts—where You can, indeed, form no adequate a perpetual Spring clothes the plains conception of either the moral debasewith undying verdure, and blends, ment of this population, or the fertility, with her own unfading flowers, the richness, and singularly grand and pleasant fruits of Summer, and the romantic scenery of the country. The treasures of Autumn-accept, my dear native of the United States is parL. assurances of my continued re- ticularly struck with these two points membrance, and of the unabated in which this region differs so warmth, upon my part, of that friend- sentially from his own. The calm ship which has been to me the happiest and beautiful, sometimes romantic, solace of life, and which will, I trust, but rarely sublime scenery of the like the region in which I am now United States, sinks into tameness and a sojourner, never experience any almost dull insignificance, compared winter. May mercy and peace be with the stupendous manifestations of ever yours, and may the Lord multiply creative power every where presented to you continually his precious favors in this land of plains and mountains,

How joyful I have been to hear from lakes and volcanoes: but, on the other you of the rapid progress of the truth hand, the poorest and humblest deniin the United States since I had the

zen with you is possessed of more sopleasure of seeing you ! Alas, how cial and political privileges, and, for different, in a religious point of view, the most part, of more moral and reare the scenes around me from those ligious elevation of character than the which you describe ! What moral most lordly cacique or successful chiefdesolation overspreads this whole land tain in this coorupt, unsettled, and upon which Nature has been so lavish tyrannical government. of her bounties ! Is it not strange Imagine to yourself a country where that man should always form such a the climate, general aspect, and, concontrast with his circumstances—that sequently, the productions of the soil, he should be industrious, persevering, depend entirely, not as with us upon intelligent, religious, where, with few latitude, but upon the degree of elenatural advantages, he suffers the vation above the sea ; and where you rigors of a Siberian climate ; and that can, by a journey of a few leagues, we should find him the victim of in- exchange the sultry heats of Summer dolence and misery, of ignorance and for the refreshing breezes of Spring, superstition, in the genial climate of and these again for the perpetual snows the South, where every thing else is of Winter--where, in fact, these seaon a scale of grandeur and magnifi- sons are seated on three distinct cence? Yet I can assure you, that thrones which they never quit, and if, in the language of the poet, MAN which are constantly surrounded by only is vile

the insignia of their power. Here “ Where Afric's sunny fountains a journey from the summit of the Roll down their golden sand,”

Cordillera to the level of the sea, or as well as upon the “ coral shores,” | vice versa, produces the most remark


able effects upon the human constitu- of a stupendous building, and, being tion, and proves an important means crowned with pine-trees and oaks, of removing disease. Here the pro- present an imposing sight. ductions of every zone are found upon But why should I attempt to dethe various terraces which rise one scribe to you that which language is above another, like the hanging gar- inadequate to portray, the vastness dens of Babylon, but upon a grander and sublimity of these divine creations ! scale; so that while upon one of these How wonderful ! how manifold are the traveller finds himself surrounded the works of God! In what wisdom with oaks, alders, and various plants | has he made them all! Yet how few of the United States, he perceives of them, comparatively, are known to above the snow-clad summits of the man ! What vast solitudes are unAndes, and on the other hand dis- explored! What treasures are uncovers with astonishment, at his very revealed! How small a part does a feet, as it were, in the plains below, man possess of even the small aggrea luxuriant country, waving with the gate of human knowledge ! How productions of the tropics—the palm- small a portion of even this does he tree, the banana, and the sugar-cane. devote to the glory of Glory !

This central plateau of Anahuac, Man, it seems to me, is alike igto which I have just returned after norant of nature, religion, and himhaving fulfilled my commission at the self; and for the same reason—a want city of Mexico, enjoys a delicious cli- of faith ; a disposition to prefer sensimate. Here the genial temperature ble evidence to human testimony. of Spring for ever reigns, never vary- Man learns almost nothing of nature ing more than eight or nine degrees. from his own observation.

The conIt is celebrated for its salubrity, and struction of a fly's wing will puzzle the abundance of the fruit-trees by even a learned naturalist for a month. which its villages are surrounded. How much longer one who rejects all The only natural disadvantage under discoveries but his own ! And who which it labors, as far as I can dis- can learn religion from observation or cover is, that being about the same sensible demonstration ?

No more elevation as that at which the clouds can a man know himself by his own float above the plains adjacent to the experience without the reception and sea, it is often enveloped in dense belief of that revelation to man himfogs. Upon the rough and precipi- self presented in the oracles of God, tous road from Vera Cruz, the traveller by which alone his profound ignorance is struck at the appearance of this pla- of his origin, destiny, condition, relateau, which seems to be an immense tions, obligations, and capacities, can dyke of porphyritic rocks, containing, ever be enlightened. as I am informed, vast deposits of gold So little faith have I in the faith of and silver. These rocks assume men, that I should not dare to publish occasionally the most extraordinary the wonders I have seen and heard. shapes, like ruined walls and bastions. Were I to relate even the accounts Some masses ascend perpendicularly given me by certain travellers from to a height of 1300 feet above the the southern portion of the Cordillera, surrounding plain. Others rise to of immense cataracts leaping at a view in the horizon like old towers single bound from the cold to the whose shattered bases have become burning region---the frigid and the narrower than their summits. Some- torrid zone, of these countries ; of times, again, they appear in the form natural bridges spanning with a single of gigantic columns, supporting at arch inaccessible and dark abysses, their termination, ranges of moun- in whose gloomy depths torrents are tains, like pillars at the portico heard to roar, and numerous flocks of noctural birds create a melancholy each other and with the natives. We sound ; of valleys like the garden of have here in consequence almost all Eden, guarded by immense volcanoes colors and religions. Copper-colored as by the flaming sword of the cheru- natives, fair Europeans, Spaniards, bims; of mountains of iron ; of mines Creoles, a few Negroes, and the castes of emeralds, and beds of precious which have originated from themstones, I should certainly expect to the Mestizoes, Mulattoes, Sambos, lose all credit for veracity. I hope, Quarterons, Quinterons, &c. compose nevertheless, my - one day to the population. Here, as with us, describe to you these wonderful works the tint of the skin is made an imof God, and to admire with you in portant criterion of merit and distinchumble adoration his glorious attri- tion ; and it establishes a certain butes.

equality among those who take pleasure Meanwhile, shall I entertain you in refining upon the prerogatives of with an account of the magnificence race and origin. A white who rides of the city of Mexico ? Shall I speak barefooted fancies that he belongs to to you of the floating gardens that the nobility of the country, and when cover its lakes ; of its beautiful build- he enters into a dispute with one of ings of porphyry and amygdaloid ; its the titled lords of the land it is no majestic palaces ; its churches glitter- unusual thing to hear him exclaim to ing with metallic riches ; or of its the nobleman, “Is it possible that cathedral, surpassing in this respect you really thought yourself whiter all the churches of the world, having than I am ?” Hence it is that the the balustrade around the great altar various castes of mixed blood of every of massive silver, and its lamp, of the grade, as well as the colored races same metal, of so vast a size that three from which they are descended, are

go into it when it is to be cleaned ? kept by the laws in a state of degradaShall I tell you of the beautiful foun- tion and contempt. This in turn tains in the midst of the public square; obliterates the landmarks of virtue, of the city promenade, the charming and opens the way to every species Alameda; or of its shops absolutely of crime. overflowing with gold, silver, and Among the pure races, the injewels ? Surely if I may defer to digenous natives who compose a conconsider now in the natural beauties siderable part of the population, seem of this romantic country the workman- to me entitled to peculiar commiseraship of God, much more may I delay tion. From the days of Montezuma to a more convenient season a de- their history is that of cruel oppresscription of the works of man. sion, and unmitigated suffering. Not

Let me rather, my dear L- withstanding all they have endured speak of the moral and religious con- they still retain much of their peculiar dition of the people, a subject in which traits of character, in some of which you feel so deeply interested, and of I have felt much interested. Like which indeed you requested me at the aborigines of our own country, parting to give you some information. they are from early infancy grave, You are aware that this country has melancholy, and taciturn, and with been, ever since its discovery, the the same terrific suddenness pass

from resort of adventurers from almost a state of calm repose to one of every nation. The first conquerors, violent and uncontrollable passion. the Spaniards, largely predominate Every shade of softness is unknown amongst the mixed population which to the energy of their character. has been the result of this constant They possess, however, a great degree influx of foreigners, added to the of improveability, and show when various intermarriages of these with | cultivated a precise and logical under


standing and a particular tendency the time it was exposed, the court of
to subtilize or seize upon the minutest the University was crowded with peo-
differences in objects that are to be ple, most of whom expressed the most
compared with each other. They decided anger and contempt. Not
have preserved a particular taste for so, however the Indians. Not a smile
painting and for the art of carving in escaped them, nor a word—all was
stone and wood. Many of them are silence and attention. In reply to a
employed by the Romish clergy in joke of one of the students, an old
painting the images and carving the Indian remarked, “It is true we have
statues of saints. They have likewise three very good Spanish idols, but we
retained the same taste for flowers might still have been allowed to keep
which Cortez noticed in his time. a few of those of our ancestors." In
In the great market of Mexico the the evening it was discovered that
native does not sell even fish, or pine- chaplets of flowers had been placed
apples, or vegetables, or fermented on the statue by the natives, who had
liquor, without his shop being decked stolen thither unseen for the purpose.
out with flowers, which are renewed This shows that the diligence of the
every succeeding day. The Indian clergy for three hundred years has not
shop-keeper appears seated behind a yet succeded in banishing their ancient
perfect entrenchment of verdure, and idolatry.
every thing around him wears an air This is but an imperfect outline of
of the most refined elegance. This the condition of this population. In-
taste for the beautiful is certainly very dolent and wretched, they live but
singular in a people in whom one from day to day. Immorality, gross-
would suppose their ancient san- ness of manners, and ignorance, serve
guinary worship and the frequency of but to increase the degradation which
human sacrifices to have extinguished arises from tyranny and oppression.
every feeling connected with sensibility On the other hand, the elevated classes
of mind.

are distracted with social and political Nor has their religious condition animosities. Proud, revengeful, and been much bettered by the introduc- cruel, they are full of turbulence and tion of Roman Catholicism among anarchy, and the prey


every amthem. This superstition, as com- bitious chieftain.

Yet they possess plicated as their own, has but given much politeness of manners, with a to them new symbols and ceremonies. great degree of frankness and geneThe missionaries even favored' those rosity. In a religious point of view, affinities and that admixture of ideas however, they are the veriest slaves by means of which the Mexican of priestcraft. The Bible is unread mythology became merged in Ro- and almost unknown among them, manism. The Holy Spirit, for in- while the vain and showy ceremonials stance, was identified with the sacred of Popery are regarded with superstieagle of the Aztecs, and not only the tious reverence. You can then easily persons in the Trinity, but the Virgin conceive how deluded and depraveda and the saints were thus received by population inhabits this beautiful them in exchange for their own di- country. It is this reflection which vinities. The following incident, casts a shade over its most charming which was related to me, will serve landscapes, and represses those emoto illustrate their religious sentiments. tions of delight which its magnificent Some time since the English collector, scenery and rich productions would Mr Bullock, obtained leave from the otherwise inspire. It is as though a clergy and authorities to disinter and beautiful female were transformed by take casts from the image of the san- magic into an inanimate statue while guinary goddess Teoyamiqui. During we were admiring her charms.

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