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to Peter, (1 Eph. ii. 8, 12,) is to lead not as wide as the difference between them to glorify God in the day of the two contrasted by him, I have visitation. If, then, a man be un- lost all my powers of comparison, if concerned for the salvation of his ever I had any. I need not occupy household, how shall he impress upon space by saying whether or not I his neighbours its importance ? And consider the gospel “sufficient for all what excuse shall a parent find to things, or for every purpose under justify such neglect? We have heard the sun ;" let it suffice to say, that it complaints of a want of decent clothing is the power of God unto salvation to for their children to appear in ; but, every one that believes it : and Paul should the training of a child be neg- says that some in the licentious lected, and its everlasting salvation city of Corinth, who formerly were periled, for lack of decent clothing ? drunkards, were, by the gospel, washIf such be true, there are many who ed, justified, and sanctified. Assuredly have this world's goods, who have not one individual washed in this sense shut up their bowels of compassion, of the term, is of more importance for the love of God dwells in them : than though the whole of the inand what parent is there who would habitants of any modern Corinthian see his child perishing for lack of food city were converted to the discipleship and raiment, and not appeal to their of Father Mathew. Although we sympathies? How much more should admit that the chances are in favour he be moved for the salvation of the of the member of the Abstinence Sobody and soul of his child for ever? ciety being brought to believe and

CEPHAS. obey the gospel, that will not justify

Christians in becoming members: the

end will not always justify the means ; MORAL SOCIETIES.

and it appears to me at least that In the HARBINGER for this month when a person believes and obeys the we have an article from the pen of gospel-or, in other words, becomes Wm. McGregor, stating that he con

a Christian-he is called upon to live, siders it his duty to be a member of not unto himslf, but is separated from the Total Abstinence Society, as the the world, that he may show forth the cause of temperance is productive of praises or perfections of Him who has much good among his fellow creatures. called him out of darkness into His He thus overlooks the question put by marvellous light. Now the question me, viz. “Have any of those societies is

, can we show forth his perfections done that which the church cannot by becoming members of a human do ?” He also appears to think, that institution ? does it not bespeak a because the gospel was not instituted want of perfection in the church, for the purpose of teaching men the when we have to join another society sciences of anatomy, physics, arith- for the purpose of teaching people to metic, &c. Christians are justified in forsake their sins ? If the church be uniting with other societies for the the salt of the earth, and the light of purpose of reforming drunkards. But the world, shall we cause her to behow any

such inference can be drawn, come insipid by giving her strength I do not see ; and it is strange that to another ? Shall we not rather Wm. McG. does not see the fallacy teach the people that the favour of God, of his reasoning, especially when he which bringeth salvation, will teach can distinguish between a Benefit, and us effectually to deny all ungodliness a Total Abstinence Society; for, if and worldly lusts ?-and that the the difference between a society for church is the only society upon earth teaching arithmetic, and one for the appointed by Jehovab, for the purpose purpose of suppressing drunkenness, is of reforming the human family?

them up

We need not wonder if those hu- dination with the resolution to fulfil man institutions triumph over the his duty to the utmost. The last adchurch when we see the church and vices from India show that he is not the world unite together in building inert in the accomplishment of his

How can the church com- office, and it is gratifying to us to pete with the world, while her own perceive in various Indian papers, and members are wasting ber strength by to collect from divers private letters, bestowing their talents and substance that in the recent days of bloody trial upon these worldly institutions ? So by the Jhelum, the Padre (as all the long as the combined strength of hea- European ministers are entitled in the venly and earthly institutions is spent East) has, by the exercise of his office, upon any earthly scheme, so long will nobly maintained the fame and the the earthly preponderate ; unless Je- honor of our beloved church. Mr. hovah shall, by some original inter- Whiting joined Lord Gough's army position, bring it to confusion, and as a volunteer : he considered he had show, as he has done before, that the no right to comparatively inglorious wisdom of man is foolishness with ease, as some of the company's chaphim. Wishing that every member lains, when death was likely to be of the church may ascertain if there abroad, and thousands might need be not room in the church for all his ghostly comfort to prepare them for benevolent exertions, before he think the battle or its consequences. The of seeking room for them in any step taken by the rev. gentleman was earthly institution, even the most com- highly agreeable to Lord Gough and mendable, I remain, yours in love, the troops generally, and it was soon

ROBERT Mill. seen how great was the value that Perth, April 16, 1849.

was to be attached to such co-opera

tion. CHURCH AND STATE

When the

cry

“ forward” gave imCHRISTIANITY.

pulse to the mighty power that con

fronted the Sikhs forces on the 13th (From the Church and State Gazette.)

of January, Mr. Whiting busied himWe have no doubt that to many of self in preparing a hospital for the our readers who have sojourned by wounded, as well as in making prethe banks of the Cam, and particularly parations to perform the sacramental to those who have cultivated learned rites for all who might desire to parleisure beneath the roof of old Mag- take of the privilege of consolation in dalen, the name of Walter John the hour of peril. It was when ocWhiting will be as familiar as a cupied in ministering double aid to household word. They would, per- the sick and the dying, that a report haps, be surprised, were we to inform reached the hospital that her Majesty's them that their fellow-student who 14th dragoons were hurrying from honored, and was honored, by his the field of blood with their backs to college—that the alumnus who, after the enemy. Our gallant soldier-priest a course of study conducted and ter- in an instant leaped on his own horse, minated with repute, was admitted pistol in hand: he met a party of the into the ministry of the Church of regiment named, with their chargers England—that, in short, the Rev. W. heads turned in the direction of safety. J. Whiting, whom they so well re- The rev. gentleman rallied them, upmember, is now Padre Whiting, of braided them for their want of firmChilsanwallah. But so it is; and yet, ness, reminded them of home and in nothing has Mr. Whiting changed, honor, and finally led them back to save such change as accompanies where blows were ringing. Having progress in good. He received or- ' achieved this much, he hastened back

W

to his own vocation, and took his (to dig sepulchral trenches) and two place once more by the side of the companies of Europeans. With this wounded. A Calcutta paper (the aid and protection, he succeeded in Englishman) commenting upon the recovering the bodies of 197 soldiers. heroism of the volunteer chaplain, Under the very eyes of the Sikhs he says :-“The Padre ought to have had open trenches dug ; and as each the first good vacancy in his own was filled iu succession, he stood over corps, whether archdeaconry or bish- the bodies of the brave that lay in it, opric. Such exhortations to duty, and performed no maimed rites, but at such a time are invaluahle ; and the the entire ceremony of Christian presence of our chaplains on the field burial, as it is contained in our Book of battle is a rare event. We hope of Common Prayer. the whole army will drink to the health The pioneers dug seven trenches, and speedy promotion of the rev. and the Europeans collected the bodies gentleman.

-mangled, mutilated, and stripped as We hope so, too; and that the wish they were—and placed them in their implied may assume reality. Sure last resting place. The sight was sad

are that such a toast will be duly and solemn, but the effect was conhonored at Cambridge when Mag- soling to all who survived. The condalen next sends round a social cup in rades of the slain expressed their loud honor of her celebrities.

satisfaction that the bones of those Another paper (the Bombay Times) who fell were not left to be outraged speaks in similar grateful eulogy of by the savage enemy, or by beasts of the exertions made by the old Mag- prey ; aud the widows of the departed dalen man, after dubious victory had submitted in weeping resignation to at length lighted on our helms. He their lot, now that the fathers of their was most active in administering the children slept in a grave above which sacrament to many about to surrender had been breathed an English prayer. their spirits upon the spot where they The Sunday after the hard fought had been stricken down. It is hardly contest was one to be remembered by possible to convey to our readers the all present. On that day Mr. Whiting gratitude with which such services performed three services of acknowwere received. Then came the mourn- ledgment to the Giver of all good. ful ceremony of burying the dead. The first service was celebrated at A day or two later Mr. Whiting re- half-past seven o'clock, a.m. in the solved to enter the jungle, and perform open air, when the rev. gentleman had the last solemn ceremony over every for his congregation her Majesty's British corpse that needed the sad 24th and 61st regiments, with the rite. It was a dangerous, though holy adjacent artillery. At 11 o'clock a mission, and could not be effected with large congregation was assembled in out the protection of a strong escort. the durbar tent of the CommanderFor the safety of this escort, curiously in-Chief. In the progress of the serenough, Mr. Whiting was made re- vice an alarm (a false one) arose, that sponsible, we suppose that as chap- the enemy were at hand, and in conlains rank with majors in India, he sequence a full third of the congregawas looked upon as commanding tion quietly withdrew, in order to do officer, and it was trusted to his dis- their duty in that state of life into cretion not to lead his escort into a which it had pleased God to call peril from which they might not be them.” But in spite of this unavoidable to extricate themselves. How-able diminution of the numbers, the ever this may be, he entered the jun- rev. chaplain had the gratification of gle under an escort consisting of a finding, at the end of the usual serdetachment of cavalry, 100 pioneers, I vice, that above a hundred communicants approached to receive at his the remembrance of Christ's death as hands the solemn sacrament of the a sacrifice for sin—to promote gratiSupper of the Lord.

“It was (says tude, humility, purity of mind, and a correspondent of the Delhi Gazette) union of heart to the Redeemer and -it was, indeed, a solemn and affecting sight, to see the bravest spirits in all his followers. That this ordinance our noble army kneeling humbly be- should be employed to sanctify deeds fore their God, and imploring, for of darkness, murder, war, and the the sake of Christ, His healing mercy wholesale shedding of human blood, and protection.” At the performance is truly astounding. Such, however, of this cheering rite a thousand rupees is one of the uses to which it is dewere collected for the Relief Fund for widows and

orphans. Subsequently voted, both by Protestant and Cathoto this, Mr. Whiting celebrated divine lic nations. But whoso eateth and service in presence of Her Majesty's drinketh, not discerning the Lord's 14th Dragoons and 9th Lancers; and body, eateth and drinketh condemnalater in the day his Sabbath labours tion.—Ed.] were closed by the performance of his not light duties at the Field Hospital, and by his committing to the earth one QUERIES AND REPLIES. more heir of immortality.

We feel satisfied that we owe no DEAR BROTHER - You say in this month's apology to our readers for the inser- HARBINGER, page 136, that three Replies have tion of these details. They are honor- been sent to Queries No. 1, and No. 3 and 4 able to human nature, and most of the Replies to No. 4 ?

two each. Why have you given us only one

I intended to have honorable to the individual who may sent one also, but want of opportunity preventnot inaptly be styled the hero of them. ed my doing so at that time. It appears to me As scenes in the life of a chaplain in that W. M. does not seem altogether to comactive service they will prove of in- prehend the spirit of the passage, and the drift terest to clergymen who are perform- fruitful source of error to take sentences, and

of the writer. I agree with him that it is a ing quieter, but it may be not less half-sentences, and even words out of their important, services at home. The connection, and endeavour to find a meaning dwellers by the peaceful rivers of Eng- for them foreign to the general scope. We land

may be pleased to know what is ought to remember that when Paul delivered doing by their brother on the banks Corinthians, he says it was confirmed among

the testimony of God concerning Jesus to the of the Hydaspes, and may smile at the them. And if we inquire into the confirmation thought that, where the wry-necked of the testimony as Paul explained it, we shall Macedonian encountered the gigantic find that he makes the spiritual gifts, or those Porus, the voice of the English Church extraordinary and miraculous powers which the

apostles themselves displayed, and which so has been uttered: and that where Alex- many of their converts also possessed, an assuander invoked his hundred deities rance or confirmation of what he promulged. and the barbarian his countless idols, The light which his first Epistle to the Corinthere British captains have knelt and thians throws upon this subject, reads as fol

lows :-You were enriched by Him with every acknowledged

no god but God—the gift, even with all speech and all knowledge, Father of our Lord and Saviour Jesus when the testimony of Christ was confirmed Christ.

among you, so that you came behind in no gift,

&c. There are diversities of gifts, (chap. xii.) [The Lord's supper-erroneously

for to one disciple is given the word of wisdom

by the same spirit, &c. Now the Corinthians so called is an institution which

were put in possession of these gifts for the belongs, not to a profane and ungodly confirmation of the gospel; for Paul says, I world, but exclusively to the disciples of wisdom; my discourse also, and my procla

came not to you with excellency of speech and of Christ. Its design is to perpetuate mation, were not with persuasive words of hu

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man wisdom, but with the demonstration of Holy Spirit by the Pentecostians and the housethe Spirit and of power, that your faith might hold of Cornelius, was the baptism of the Holy not stand in the wisdom of men, but in the Spirit. "Now if any man have not the spirit power of God — in the demonstration of the of Christ, he is none of his.” But no man can Spirit which confirmed the facts that I told have the spirit of Christ before or except he you. It was a visible, audible, sensible de receive it; but the reception thereof is the monstration of the Spirit and of power: it baptism. Ergo, every true disciple of the myswas that supernatural attestation of the testi- tical body of Christ is baptized with the Holy mony of Christ which made it credible, so that Spirit. Wherefore? Because every one reno man could call Jesus Lord but by this de- ceives the Holy Spirit. monstration of the Holy Spirit. And by this We are now prepared for the second part of Spirit they had all these miraculous powers ; this question—“ If these are the only instances and by this Spirit they were all baptized into of the baptism of the Holy Spirit, in what one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether manner did the disciples of Corinth, Ephesus, slaves or freemen. This was a baptism differ- and other places, become possessed of so many ent from that which Peter taught the three splendid and miraculous powers ?” The only thousand who said what shall we do, to which answer further needed to this part of the query Paul is referring, (see Acts i. 5) which com- | is, these are not “the only instances of the bapmenced with the hundred and twenty, and was tism of the Spirit,” as appears from the precefully accomplished in the house of Cornelius, ding remarks. The Corinthians and the Ephe(Acts x. 44-45.) See also Peter's defence at sians received the Spirit, and they were hence Jerusalem, (chap. xi. 1-18). “ God is no re- baptized with the Spirit, as were the Pentecosspecter of persons; but in every nation he that tians and Cornelius. The gift of the Holy feareth Him and worketh righteousness is ac- Spirit was poured out upon the Gentiles : the cepted of Him.” And God has given proof of diversities of gifts from the same Spirit was in this by His Spirit, in baptizing them with his the church at Corinth and Ephesus. Spirit, making no difference between Jew and There is another idea confirmatory of the Gentile, slave or freeman. See also Eph. iv. above conclusion. Christ is called the head of 1-3. If these few hints seem worthy, you will the body, which is his church. Was the head give them a place in the HARBINGER for the of the body alone to be baptized with the Holy benefit of all.

ALEX. HUTCHISON. Spirit ? Certainly not! The spirit which Old Mills, March 10, 1849.

dwells in the head, must dwell in the heart, the body, and in every living member. The

body must be baptized with the head. QUERY 1.-"Is there any record in the New

Again, Christ sent out his servants to disci. Testament of the baptism of the Holy Spirit ple and to baptize all nations, not with water

“ Christ loved the taking place, excepting the one recorded on the only, but with the Spirit. day of Pentecost, (Acts ii.) and that some years might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing

the church, and gave himself for it, that he after in the house of Cornelius, (Acts x) ?”

of water by the word. He said to the disci. ANSWER. — Neither of the above instances ples, “ The words that I speak unto you are are, immediately and directly, called baptisms. spirit, and they are life.” And again he said It is inferred that they were baptisms. The to them, “ Now ye are clean through the word inference, drawn upon comparison of scripture, which I have spoken unto you.” It would apis correct; but the baptism of the Pentecostians pear from hence, that the entire saving operawas realized or performed by the pouring out tions and gifts of the Spirit are in, with, and of the Holy Spirit upon them. Herein was through, the word of the gospel. It is through fulfilled the prophecy of Joel, (in part) the tes- the preaching of the gospel the faithful are baptimony of John the Baptist, and the promise tized. Mark, in proof hereof, the following of Christ. The baptism of the household of important evidences. Jesus said to the woman Cornelius is spoken of in the same manner :- of Samaria, " Whosoever drinketh of the water “ The Holy Ghost fell on all them which heard that I shall give him, shall never thirst; but the word.” On the Gentiles also was poured the water that I shall give him shall be in him out the gift of the Holy Ghost.” Peter said to a well of water springing up into everlasting the audience, “ These have received the gift of life.” Again, he said, “ If any man thirst, let the Holy Ghost as well as we.” And again he him come unto me and drink. He that besaid, “ The Holy Ghost fell on them as on us lieveth on me, as the scripture hath said, out at the beginning Here is not the word bap- of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. tism in the narration applied to either circum- (But this spake he of the Spirit, which they stance. It is inferred-and rightly. The bap- that believe on him should receive,” &c.) The tism, then, is distinguished by three important well of water with its perpetual spring, and the features :-1, the pouring out-2, the falling flowing rivers, are spoken of the Spirit. But upon - 3, the reception of. No man can re- the Spirit rises up within, and flows forth from ceive the Holy Spirit until he is poured out, the mind through the lips, not without, but and falls upon him; but that reception of the with the word of life. And besides that, the

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