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A Narrative of the Disasier which happened to the Barge of his Majesty's Ship

the Afbstance of jo guns, commanded by Sir Charles Douglas, on the Night
of the zoth or 31st of December 1983, in the Bay of New York; when the
Hon. Hamilton Douglas Hallyburton, First Lieutenant of the said Ship,
who commanded the Barge, and eleven other young Gentlemen, and one Maria
ner, unfortunately perished, by being cast away, and frozen to Death.
H

IS Britannic Majesty's ship the unfortunate adventurers.

AMstance of 50 guns, com- On the morning of the second day, manded by Commodore Sir Charles January 1st, 1784, the weather clearDouglas, arrived in the Bay of New ing up, the barge was discovered York on the 20th of December 1783, from the ship by the help of glasses, in pursuance of orders from Govern- lying upon her fade upon the Jerment to superintend the fulálling of fey Thore. Boats were immediatethat article in the treaty of peace ly dispatched; when, mournful to which related to the final evacuation relate! the barge was found strandof New York by the British troops. ed in a marsh, and near it, eleven On the zoth following, about five in of those gallant young men lay all the evening, the long-boat being sent upon their faces, frozen to death to fetch water from a transport that in the mud, from which they had in lay at a small distance, the crew seized vain struggled to extricate themselves. end secured the officer who command. Had the barge been driven but fifty ed, hoisted their fail, and the wind yards on either side, from the place being fair in Thore, made for the land. where she Itranded, the company This daring and mutinous act being would have escaped, as did the deserseen by the officers of the Aslistance, ters, who landed on a more favourall that were then on the quarter deck able spot. The bodies of the other iwo voluntarily offered to pursue the de- were afterwards found at a distance ferters, in order that they might re. in the same state, and were buried by {cue their companion, and bring the the Americans. This is all that is offenders (desertions having been fre. certainly known of this melancholy quent since their arrival upon the event ; melancholy in every point of coast) to exemplary punishment. Un- view, but particularly, that so many fortunately their offer was accepted, gallant young gentlemen should, after and the barge immediately manned the dangers of a long war, perish in with twelve young gentlemen and one so inglorious a manner, and in a fermariner, it not being judged prudent vice, though voluntarily undertaken to trust more of the common failors in the spirit and ardour of youth, so upon such fervice; Mr Hallyburton, little worthy of them. It is one of first Lieutenant, voluntarily underta- those unfortunate events on which it king the command. The wind was is impossible to refle&t but with the high when the barge left the ship; deepest regret. and, as usual, in that rude and tem- Mr Hallyburton, who commaoded pestuous climate, during the wintry the party, deserves to be mentioned months, foon blew a storm, with vio- with particular honour. He was son leot snow and thick weather, and night of the late, and only brother of the coming on, the whole hemisphere was present Earl of Morton, and had tainvolved in inexpressible darkness and ken the name of Hallyburton, in adhorror. The storm continued all that dition to the family name of Douglas, night, the next day, and the night in consideration of an estate which following ; during which period, no. had devolved to him from the ancient thing could be seen or heard of the family of Hallyburton of Pitcurr, in Vol. XI, No. 61. B

Scotland,

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Scotland, of which he was in actual white marble slab, on which are quar.
possession. He had early devoted him- tered the arms of Morton and Hal-
self to the sea service, and had pursu- lyburton :-
ed it with unremitted ardour and ap- Here lye the remains
plication, through much hard duty. Of the Honourable Hamilton Doug-

He had learned the rudiments of las Hallyburton, son of the late Shol.
his profession on board the Apollo to Charles Earl of Morton, heir and
frigate, under the late Captain Pow- representative of the ancient family
nall, by whom he was particularly be- of Hallyburton of Pitcurr in Scotland,
loved for his openness and generosity first Lieutenant of his Britannic Ma-
of temper, his warmth of affection, jesty's Thip the Alliance ;
and his gallant and enterprizing fpi- Who perished on this coast, with
sit ; the last words of that brave offi- eleven more young gentlemen, and
cer, when mortally wounded and ex- one common seaman, in the spirited
piring by his fide, were addressed to discharge of duty, the 30th and 3117
him, and were kindly intended to as- of December 1783. Born October
fuage the grief and anguish which he the roth 1763 :
saw him fuffer, for the disaster that A youth, who in contempt of hard-
had befallen him. He entertained, ship and of danger (though in poilef-
indeed, a paternal affection for him, fion of an ample fortune), ferved
and ever expressed the highest expecta- seven years in the British Navy with a
tion of him as an officer.

manly courage, and seemed to be deThe loss of Mr Hallyburton will serving of a better fate. always be lamented by his friends To his dear Memory, and that of with heart-felt grief and affection- his unfortunate companions, this plain indeed it may justly be regretted as a monumental stone is erected by bis public one, for he had given early and unhappy mother, Katharine, Countels repeated proofs of great profeflional Dowager of Morton. fkill and abilities. An inítance of James Champion, Lieut. of Marines. ahis occurred but a few days before Alexander Johnston. his death; for upon the arrival of the George Paddy. Aslistance off Sandy Hook, the coun

Robert Haywood. try having been given up by the Bri- Robert Wood. tish Government, no pilot would o- Charles Gascoigne. bey the lignals, or come off, to con- Andrew Hamilton. duct the ship over the Bar. The Al- William Scott. fiftance, therefore, could not have been brought into a safe situation, had John M'Chain. not Mr Hallyburton undertaken the David Reddie. pilotage, which he accomplished with William Tomlinson. success, from observations made by George Towers, common seaman. him some

years before, on board the Cast away! all found dead and frozen! Apollo frigate, when little more

Buried in this grave. than fourteen

years

of age. A plain square monument of Port- Reader, if not destitute of humaland fione, calculated by its solidity nity, drop a generous and commiseto endure the inclemency of the cli- rative tear, to the memory of these mate, has been erected upon Sandy gallant youths, ir fympathy with those Hook, over the grave of this unfortuo afflicted parents and friends, who surnate gentleman and his companions vive to bewail their loss: and may who perished with him, with ihe fol. Heaven arert from thee so fad and lowing infcription engraved upon a difafrous a face !

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Midshipmen.

William Spry:

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On Fortitude. ---By Dr Beattie f.

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EAR should not rise higher than rage in fighting a duel, though that

to make us attentive and cau- folly is more frequently the effect tious; when it gains an ascendency of cowardice ; there may be courage in the mind, it becomes an infup- in an act of piracy or robbery; but portable tyranny, and renders life a there can be no fortitude in perpeburden. The object of fear is evil; trating a crime. Fortitude implies a and to be exempt from fear, or at love of equity and of public good; least not enslaved to it, gives dignity for, as Plato and Cicero observe, to our nature, and invigorates all our courage exerted for a selfish purpose, faculties. Yet there are evils which or without a regard to justice, ought we ought to fear. Those that arise to be called audacity rather than forfrom ourselves, or which it is in our titude. power to prevent, it would be mad.

This virtue takes different names, ness to despise, and audacity not to according as it acts in opposition to guard against. External evils, which different forts of evil; but some of we cannot prevent, or could not a- those names are applied with confidervoid without a breach of duty, it is able latitude. With respect to danmanly and honourable to bear with ger in general, Fortitude may

be termfortitude. Insensibility to danger is ed Intrepidity; with respect to the not fortitude, no more than the inca. dangers of war, Valour ; with respect pacity of feeling pain can be called to pain of body or distress of mind, patience : and to expose ourselves un- Patience ; with respect to labour, Aca necessarily to evil, is worse than folly, tivity ; with respect to injury, Forbearand very blameable prefumption ; it ance ; with respect to our condition is commonly called fool-hardiness, in general, Magnanimity. Fear in that is, such a degree of hardiness or war, or fear that hinders a man from boldness as none but fools are capable doing what he ought to do, is Cowof.

ardice; sudden fear without cause is Courage and Fortitude, tho' con- Panic; habitual fear is Pufillanimity ; founded in common language, are fear of the labour that one ought to however distinguishable. Courage undergo, is Laziness. Fear with surmay be a virtue or a vice, according prise is Terror ; and violent fear with to circumstances, Fortitude is always extreme detestation is Horror. Those a virtue; we speak of desperate cou. unaccountable fears too are called rage, but not of desperate fortitude. Horrers, which fometimes arise in the

, A contempt or neglect of danger with imagination in fleep, or in certain difout regard to consequences may be eases, and produce trembling, ivreatcalled Courage ; and this fome brutes ing, shivering, and other nervous symphave as well as we': in them it is the toms. effect of natural instinct chiefly; in Fortitude is very becoming in both man it depends partly on habit, part- sexes; but courage is not fo fuitable ly on strength of nerves, and partly to the female character ; for in woon want of confideration. But for men, on ordinary occasions of dantitude is the virtue of a rational and ger, a certain degree of timidity is considerate mind; it is indeed a virl

not unseemly, because it betokens tue rather than a passion : and it is gentleness of disposition. Yet from founded in a sense of honour and a those of very high rank, from a queen regard to duty. There may be cou- or an empress, courage in emergencies

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QA + From Elements of Moral Science,' just publiched,

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of great public danger would be ex- to discourage, or to throw any gloom
pected, and the want of it blamed; on our future prospects; but should
we should overlook the fex, and con- teach us, that many things are more
sider the duties of the station. In ge- formidable than death; and that no-
geral, however, masculine boldness in thing is loft, but much gained, when,
a woman is disagreeable; the term vi- by the appointment of Providence, a
rago conveys an offensive idea. The well-fpent life is brought to a conclu-
female warriors of antiquity, whether fion.
real or fabulous, Camilla, Thalestris, Let it be considered, too, that pu-
and the whole community of Ama- fillanimity and fearfulness can never
zons, were

unamiable personages. avail us any thing. On the contrary, But female courage exerted in de. they debase our nature, poison all our fence of a child, a husband, or a dear comforts, and make us despicable in relation, would be true fortitude, and the eyes of others; they darken our deserve the highest encomiums. reason, disconcert our schemes, en

The motives to fortitude are many feeble our efforts, extinguish our and powerful. This virtue tends hopes, and add tenfold poignancy to greatly to the happiness of the indivi- all the evils of life. In battle, the dual, by giving composure and pre- brave soldier is in less danger than fence of mind, and keeping the other the coward; in less danger even of passions in due subordination. To death and wounds, because better prepublic good it is effential; for, with- pared to defend himself; in far less

; out it, the independence and liberty danger of infelicity; and has before of nations would be impoflible. It him the animating hope of victory and gives to a character that elevation, honour. So in life, the man of true which poets, orators, and historians fortitude is in less danger of disaphave in all ages vied with one another pointment than others are, because to celebrate. Nothing fo effe&tually his understanding is clear, and his inspires it as rational piety; the fear mind disencumbered; he is prepared of God is the best fecurity againft to meet calamity without the fear of every cther fear. A true estimate of finking under it; and he has before buman life ; its shortness and uncer- him the near profpect of another life, tainty; the numberless evils and temp- in which they who pioufly bear the tations to which by a long continu- evils of this will obtain a glorious reance in this world we must unavoid. ward. ably be exposed; ought by no means

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A Conversation with Abram, an Abyslinian, concerning the City of Gwender

and the Sources of the Nile.-By Sir William Jones, Knt. *

AVING been informed that a fo remote from any suspicion of falsecutta, who spoke Arabic with tole- amination, which may not perhaps be rable fluency, I sent for and examined unacceptable to the Society. Gwenhim attentively on several subjects, der, which Bernier had long ago prowith which he seemed likely to be nounced a capital city, tho' Ludolfas. acquainted : his answers were so simple serted it to be only a military station, and precise, and his whole demeanour and conjectured that in a few years it

would • From the Fird Volume of the Afiatic Researches,'juft imported from Bengal.

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and an Abyssinian, concerning the sources of the Nile. would wholly disappear, is certainly, whose train he went to see the foun. according to Abram, the metropolis tains of the Nile or Abey, usually of Abyffinia. He says, that it is near- called Alway, about eight days jourly as large and as populous as Misr, or ney from Gwender; he saw three Kahera, which he law on his pilgri- springs, one of which rises from the mage to Jerusalem; that it lies be- ground with a great noise, that may tween two broad and deep rivers na- be heard at the distance of five or fix med Caha and Ancrib, both which miles. I lewed him the description flow into the Nile at the distance of of the Nile by Gregory of Amhara, about fifteen days journey; that all the which Ludolf has printed in Ethiowalls of the houses are of a red stone, pic; he both read and explained it and the roofs of thatch; that the with great facility ; whilft I compastreets are like those of Calcutta, but red his explanation with the Latin that the ways, by which the king paf- version, and found it perfe&tly exact. fes, are very spacious ; that the palace, He asserted of his own accord, that which has a plaistered roof, resembles the description was conformable to all a fortress, and stands in the heart of the that he had seen and heard in Ethiocity; that the markets of the town a. pia; and, for that reason, I annex it. bound in pulse, and have also wheat When I interrogated him on the lanand barley, but no rice; that theep guages and learning of his country, and goats are in plenty among them, he answered, that ax or seven tongues and that the inhabitants are extreme- at least were spoken there ; that the ly fond of milk, cheese, and whey, most elegant idiom, which theking used, but that the country people and fol- was the Amharick; that the Ethiopick diery make no scruple of drinking the contained, as it is well known, many blood and eating the raw flesh of an Arabick words; that, besides their ox, which they cut without caring facred books, as the Prophecy of Ewhether he is dead or alive ; that this noch and others, they had histories of savage dier is, however, by no means Abyssinia and various literary compogeneral. Almonds, he says, and dates, fitions, that their language was taught are not found in his country, but in schools and colleges, of which there grapes and peaches ripen there, and were several in the metropolis. He said, in some of the distant provinces, ef that no Abyssinian doubted the exist. pecially at Carudar, wine is made in ence of the royal prison called Wabi

, abundance; but a kind of mead is the nin, fituated on a very lofty mouncommon inebi iating liquor of the A- taio, io which the fops and daughters byflinians. The late king was Tilca of their kings were confined;

but that, Mahut, (the first of which words from the nature of the thing, a partimeans root or origin) and the prefent, cular deicription of it could not be oba. his brother Tilca Jerjis. He repre

tained. All these matters, faid he, sents the royal forces at Gwender as are explained, I suppose, in the wriconsiderable, and afferts, perhaps at 'tings of Yakub, whom I saw thirrandom, that near forty thousand horse teen years ago in Gwender; are in that station; the troops are arm- a physician, apd had attended the ed, he says, with muskets, lances, king's brother, who was also a Va, bows, and arrows, fymeters, and hang- • zir, in his last illness: the prince ers. The council of state confifts, by ' died; yet the king loved Yakub, his account, of about forty Ministers, and, indeed, all the court and peoto whom almost all the executive part ple loved him ; the king received of government is committed. He was • him in his palace as a guest, fuponce in the service of a Vazir, in plied him with every thing that he

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