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former works. His performance, now the rocks, which serve them as hoga before us, bears the stamp of the ra- fes. relt perseverance; guided on one side The faltpetre-pit forms nearly a by an excellent fpirit of observation, circular amphitheatre of sixteen hunhe pursues nature itself; and on the dred Neapolitan palmi in circumferother side, consulting the writings of ence, and one hundred and twenty-five his predeceffors and contemporaries, palmi in depth. The falt-petre grows he knows how to find out what has out of a calcareous stone, but must be been overlooked, and to make use of cleared of the marine salt. Accordwhat has been neglected. The pre- ing to Prof. Vairo's analysis, a cubisent work forms a companion to that cal palmo of nitrous earth taken from of 1787, which compared the animan- the bottom, weighed twenty-three tia calidi fanguinis with the amphi. rotoli, twenty-oneounces, two hundred bia.

and eighty grains, and yielded twen

ty-four ounces nitre, and four ounces Voyage à la Nitriere naturelle, qui marine salt; yet the same earth, after

se trouve à Molfetta ; or, A Tour having been elixated, after a certain to the natural Salt petre-pit at Mol- space of time, yields again faltpetre. fetta, in the territory of Bari in Apulia; by M. Zimmerman, Pro- Ueber das Verderbniss der Luftfelor of Mathematics, natural Philo- or, An Oration on the Corruption of Sophy, and natural History, at Brunf- the Air which we respire, and its wick. 1789. 8vo. Paris.

noxious Qualities to men ; together

with an easy and expeditious Mode THIS is the first production of of purifying it, by Charles von Professor Zimmerman's last voyage

Eckartshausen. 1788. 4to, Munthrough Holland, England, France, chen. and' Italy. A description of the natural salpetre-pit, near Molfetta, in IN this speech Mrvon Eckartshausen Apulia, where more of them are said has given us a pretty complete sumto exist, certainly was worthy to be mary of those things which corrupt laid before the French academy of the air, and the method of purifying sciences ; which has also sanction- it again. ed it, according to the extract of the Among the means of purifying the registers of the 27th August 1788, air, or freeing it from its phlogilton, and caused it to be printed with its he chiefly recommends pointed boprivilege. Mr Zimmerman pro- dies; and in this refers to the expericeeded on his journey from Naples, ments of a professor at Turin, whom on the 29th of February, in company he does not name. He has likewise with the Abbot Fortis, Mr Hawkins, made experiments, which proved that a learned English gentleman, and a light surrounded by air, which had Mr Delfico, a Neopolitan nobleman. been corrupted by the breathing of a

a Mr Fortis first made government ac

cat, would burn much longer in a quainted with this important disco. glass vessel, furnished with pointed very, and the work is now carried on bodies, than without them; and hence under his direction. Mr Hawkins he proposes to free our rooms of cormade a drawing of the pit on the rupted air, by means of iron bars fixspot; Mr Delfico likewise has a share ed to the ceiling, in a manner that one in the discovery. They went by point of them should be directed to the Avellino Ariano, the abode of the room and the other to the open air, Troglodytes, above fix thousand in- consequently they would become habitants who have their grottos in conductors of phlogisticated air.



The Quest of a Wife:-A Tale.



the narrations of travellers may be and appearance, that became a wise man; believed, lies a country, populous, exten- no oftentation was displayed, no marks five, and rich in the various gifts of na- of affluence exhibited in his style of liture. In this region, where no Europe- ving. By the attention of those to whom an foot, fince the adventurous Gauden- he had been introduced, he found adtio di Lucca, ever has been able to pe- mission into several of the most brilliant netrate, refide a people, though not in and fashionable circles, and thought at the highest state of civilisation, yet pof- first that fame had not deceived him in sessed of minds capable of every im- extolling the graces, the accomplishments provement. Among these was born and the beauty of the ladies of the caZoban, the hero of our tale, of a family pital. though not noble, yet respectable, and Our hero foon perceived with fatis, poffeffed of what in that country confti- faction, that with all their charms the tuted very considerable opulence. Zo. damseis of Gumula were not inaccessible ban had been educated at a distance and inexorable divinities, but affable and from the capital among sages eminent condescending to most of the youths that for virtue and knowledge, whose instruc- courted their notice. With the natural tion and example had had their full force delire of gaining their favour, and the in forming his principles, dispositions and additional motive of selecting from acharacter. With a heart not infenfible mong them a companion for life, he at. to the tender attachments and endear- tempted to mingle in their fociety, enments of life, he was postessed of a gage in their conversation, and partake sound and cultivated understanding, tho' of their attention. But here he failed; as yet but little acquainted with the sen- the plainness of his dress conveyed the timents and maxims of the world. idea of poverty, the fimplicity of his

By the unexpected death of his father, manners and observations surprised and Zoban found himself when scarce enter- disgusted the ladies, accustomed to the ed upon manhood, in the pofleffion of elegance of a city education. Coldness wealth that would enable him to live in and disdain were the only returns that comfort and even splendour. Unlike Zoban met with. 66 What creature is many of his countrymen, who in that " this?" cried one of them, remote region could boast of all the vices

among us, with a complexion so black of more cultivated climates, our hero “ and ugly?” for a country residence had felt no inclination to plunge into diffi- increated its natural darkness. " I know pation and debauchery, but resolved at “ not,” said another, “ but fuppose he is once to settle in domeftic tranquillity, and “ some he-cub, whom his dam has sent for that end, wished to seek out a consort “ from the plough, to be licked into whose congenial manners might at once “ Thape in the capital.” “ The fellow, smooth and enliven his future years. In faid a young miss, “ might at least the retirement in which he had been “ have tried to dress like a gentleman, brought up, female society was almost 66 before he ventured to come near us. unknown; he found therefore, that such " It could have been to no purpose," a companion as he wished for, muft be rejoined an old maid, “ dress how he fought elsewhere ; and as he had heard “ would, his manners will always mark .by report of the superior accomplish. “ him out for a clown.” Agreeably to ments of the ladies of Gumala, the capi- these notions, Zoban found himself tal of the country, he haftened to that treated; if he ventured to pay a complicity, not doubting but


the nume- ment to a lady, me eyed him from head rous virgins that resided within its walls, to foot, turned aside to her companions, many eligible companions for him might and burst into laughter. If he offered be found,

his hand to conduct one to her feat, she Taught by the lessons of the sages drew it back, as if she had been in danto set little value on riches and external ger of touching a serpent. If he requestfplendour, and concluding that the fen- ed the honour of dancing with another, timents of others were fimilar, Zoban with a contemptuous glance she told him took care that his outset in life, even in the was engaged. the gay city of Gumala, should be marks, Disgusted at this treatment, Zoban was Vol. XI. No. 61. 1




66 He may

about to leave the capital for ever, de- “ resides, and is universally reckoned a termined to look elsewhere for a suitable “ blessing to the place.” confort; but while he meditated his re- “ be known,” said Damuha, " to some, treat, one of the followers of the fa

“ but it is only to vulgar folks, among shionable circles, to whom his connec- " whom for my part I desire neither actions and situation were known, acci “ quaintance nor connection.” 6. Even dentally mentioned one day the extent " the nobleft, Madam, might be proud of his fortune, and gave a hint of the “ of the acquaintance of men of merit.” business on which he was visiting the ca- “ Indeed, Sir, you are much mistaken; pital, The intelligence fpread with we may sometimes condescend to take great rapidity, and the respectability of " notice of them, when their fortune Zoban increased in proportion. The « is convenient for us, but as they can young ladies remarked with wonder, never suppose themselves our equals, how much the dinginess of his com- “ the richest among them must always plexion had been softened by a short re- “ keep at a humble distance from those fidence in Gumala ; and in his manners of high life, and even count it an hoand address how surprisingly he was nour, if one of us should deign to make improved; the plainnefs of his dress in- “ use of that opulence which vulgar timated the dignity of his mind, and the “ fouls want taste to enjoy.” If so, fimplicity of his remarks was a proof thought Zoban, I should be finely matcheither of wisdom or of wit. Parents who ed with such a partner, who would do me had marriageable daughters folicited his the honour to ruin my estate, and all the acquaintance, and married ladies who

while regard me as an inferior being. had younger fifters expressed the happi. He quickly took leave of Damuha and ness they would receive from his visits. resolved never to seek a wife among

Zoban most readily attributed all this high-born damsels. change to the approbation bestowed on The next that attracted his particular his character and conduct, the coldness attention was Lemouri. Her beauty, of his first reception he ascribed to pru- as beauty in that country was deemed, dence, unwilling to repose too much furpassed most of her companions, and confidence in a stranger, and present cor- had the advantage of being set off with diality he received as the fincerelt testi- a dress always ditpofed in the most just mony of his merit. Thus pleased with and elegant taste; her liveliness and gaiehimself, and charmed with the females ty were conspicuous wherever she enterof Gumala, he began seriously to look a- ed. Zoban was ftruck with these splenround among his numerous acquaintan- did qualifications, and willingly joined ces, to find one with whom he might the crowd of her admirers. On the hope to form a happy and comfortable evening of a great festival he attended

her to an entertainment, where the comThe first that occurred to him, as a pany as usual made a point of vying fit object of his choice, was Damuha, a with one another in the elegance of female not deficient in grace and accom- their appearance and the splendour of plishments, but chiefly distinguished for their drelles. Lemouri was distinguishthe nobility of her birth; her great grand- ed by all. The symmetry of her form father having, it is said, been head-cook and beauty of her features were no less to the first emperor of Gumala. In con- admired than the peculiar grace with versation with her, Zoban one day was which the plume of feathers that adornfpeaking with warmth of the distinguish- ed her head was disposed. With secret ed virtues and active benevolence of one delight the heard expreffions of admiraof the fages among whom he had been tion breathed around, and the satisfaceducated. “ Of what family is he?” tion she felt inspired her with unwonted said Damulia coldly. “ His father,” re- hilarity. She smiled, she talked, me plied “ Zoban, was a poor and honest fiirted, with such lively good humour 6 farmer, and the fon rose to reputation and enchanting grace, that Zoban was “ by his own merit alone." "I enraptured, and fancied he had now met “ thought, cried the scornfully, “ he with the paragon of the fex. In the 5 must be some low creature, as I never midst of her gaiety, a stranger lady en“ heard of him before ; I find he is one tered the room, with graces and charms © whom nobody knows.”

equal to Lemouri, and with a head-dress şi means, Madam ;” interrupted Zo- ftill more eminent for elegance and fplenban, “he is well known to many peo- dour. The applauses of the company, ple in the neighbourhood where he were transferred to the new-comer, and



“ By no

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Tale. the good humour of Lemouri inftanta- so in the most expert and expeditious neously disappeared. Fretful and pee- mode. In this diversion it happened vish, she complained, with no small pe- that Yado took a ihare, and Zoban platulance, of the warmth of the place, the ced himself by her side as an unconcernvulgarity of most of those who were pre-, ed spectator. He had not sat long, when fent, and the insufferable tediousness of he was surprised to find the countenances all such amusements. Zoban was asto- of all engaged assume a cast of the deepest nished at the change, but thought it be thoughtfulness, and Yado, regardless of came him to divert this temporary effu- the pleasures of conversation, attentive sion of melancholy by some amusing con- only to the position of the sticks on the versation. He began some good natured table. By and bye her face began to remarks on the company, whom, with put on a fill more serious aspect, till at characteristic fimplicity, he praised with- length she exhibited a picture of horror, out reserve; and among others, com- and starting up uttered a multitude of mended, with some ardor, the appear- execrations on the fabricator of sticks, ance of the rival stranger. Lemouri that had proved fo unmanageable in her only replied by some poignant reflec- hands. In a few moments he saw her tions on the folly and want of taste of tit down once more to the same diversion, the young men of that age, and the va- and observed her artfully contriving fo nity of country boobies attempting to to substitute one piece for another, that mix in the circles of fashion. At that she came off as victorious, though ininftant, an accomplished young Guma- ferior in skill and conduct. Zoban was lan came up, and fearing himfelf by her confounded at these new traits in his fide, began a conversation, in which in- mistress's character, but thought a damsel genuity itself could scarce trace the Tha- attached to an amusement which could dow of a meaning, intermixing many excite first to anger, fury, then to deceit fatirical remarks on the aspect of those and dishonesty, was very different indeed around them, and giving hints that the from the female he would wish to select formidable rival was, in his opinion, auk for a wife. ward in her person, fantasticin her dress, Disappointed in each of these objects and homely in her countenance. Le- of his choice, our hero next began to mouri recovered her gaiety, and smiled think of paying his address to Indiva, upon her new companion; but Zoban, in hopes of finding in her a disposition who once more attempted to address her, free from the failings that had disgusted was repulsed with a frown, in which in- him in his former acquaintance. Among dignation seemed blended with con- the other instructions which Zoban had temptuous disgust. Though our hero in his education received, was a steady could not divine the cause, he felt the and uniform abhorrence of vice, in whateffect of this conduct, and from that ever forms it might appear; a fimilarity hour was convinced it would be prudent of thought he expected in all he converin him to chuse for his companion a less fed with, and used, without much recapricious fair.

serve, to give vent to these feelings when Zoban was soon consoled for the un- opportunities presented; it was true easiness this disappointinent had given that he found the company frequently him, by the captivating conversation shocked at the bluntness of his expresand mild graces of Yado, who though fions, but he attributed this not to any not possessed of all the charms, seemed want of dislike to what was bad, but to free from the caprices of Lerouri, and a tenderness, thatwas backward in speakdid not entertain such ideas of her beauty ing scandal of their neighbours. To this as to be sensibly hurt by the applause disposition he referred the conduct of of a rival. Zoban frequently made one Endiva, when he found her often disposed in the select parties of pleasure, in which to palliate and excuse the diflipation and Yado bore a part, and found always new debauchery of the youths of the age; occasion to admire the dispofition and though he was at the fame time unable manners of his new companion. There to account for the malignant ingenuity prevailed at that time among the ladies with which she discovered, and exposed of Gumala a diversion not unlike the the bad actions of some whose general childrens play of castle-building, in which conduct was blameless. About this time the whole amusement consisted in the va- an intrigue of a very criminal nature, rious arrangement of certain blue, green, attended with circumstances of falsehood and yellow sticks, and the victory was and deceit on the part of the feducer, assigned to the person who was able to do made fome noise in Gumala. Zoban I 2


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heard the circumstances with horror, Author, as well as on the various works of and spoke of it to Endiva in the strongest ingenuity which the inhabitants of that Ityle of condemnation. To his surprise region had from time to time produced. he found she did not express much dif- Radzig heard with listless attention, and satisfaction, and said only, the fellow made no reply. When Zoban ventured had been no doubt imprudent and in- to ask her sentiments on any subject, the discreet. “ But is not his conduct, Ma- only answer he received was, “ I know “ dam, so wicked as to merit universal nothing of these matters.” Still he ato " deteftation?"-"* Don't be so violent tempted to interest her attention, by re

on the subject,” said Endiva, “ Gen- newing the theme in the most pleafing « tlemen in fashionable life must have a- colours he could find; but in the midst “ vocations."'- I should scarce have of the conversation, he was interrupted “ thought," answered Zoban, “ that by his mistress breaking out, “I never “the virtuous part of the sex would have « saw the like of it.”- Like what Ma“ called by fo gentle a name, a conduct " dam,” said Zoban. “ Like that fly “ fo flagitious : I certainly expected, hat upon the wall,” said she; “ I have « they at least would have united in ba- “ been flapping at it with a feather for

nishing from their society those men “ half an hour, and it will not fly a« whofe debauchery and profligate lives “ way.” Zoban was confounded at this « shew the estimation in which they hold employment which Radzig had amused « female virtue."- "Such men, my good herself with during his exertions to en“ Sir, are men of spirit and men of hon- tertain her; and never thought more of our,

and a few irregularities in the prying his addresses to one who knew so “ conduct of such, may be easily over- little how to value or employ her time « looked or forgiven.”

." But can those or her talents. “ who pass a great part of their hours Zoban was by this time tired of a “ in the company of the dissolute and pursuit that seemed to him almost hope« abandoned, ever be fit to appear in less; and bidding adieu to Gumala, re" the presence of the modeft and virtu: turned to his native place to console him< ous"_No doubt of it, and much self for his disappointments in the con« fitter too than those cold and formal versation of the fages. To one of them “ fools, in whose company insipidity and he unbosomed himself, and, recounted *“ languor prevail, and whose regularity his adventures. The old man, well ac“ of conduct betrays a want of spirit quainted with the world, smiled when “ more contemptible in the eyes of the Żoban mentioned his resorting to the “ ladies, than excesses that proclaim a capital in quest of a wife: and wishing “ foul superior to the vulgar.' Zoban to direct his inexperienced views, began broke off rhe conversation, and rejoic. a conversation on the subject. “I should ed at his good fortune, in discovering “scarce have thought," said he, “ of in time the sentiments of Endiva, as he “ expecting to find in Gumala, the cenwas convinced that the approbation of “tre of diffipation and folly, a proper vice could never be a very eligible quali- “companion for one of your difpofition; ty in a companion for life.

"í not but such may be found there, but The attention of Zoban was soon " they are but rarely to be met with. after solicited by the character and con- “ But among what claffes in the capiduct of Radzig, and both his own obser- “ taldid you make your inquiries?” “In vation and the voice of report satisfied " the fashionable circles.” “I no longer him that she could not be charged with " wonder at your disappointments ; they pride or caprice, the love of gambling, or “ were no other than any one, acquainta predilection for dissipation ; in spite of " ed with the world, could have foreseen. the folicitations of her companions, her “ Pray,amidft all the eagerness of your retime was passed in a state of domestic "search, did you ever think of turning tranquillity, unknowing and almost un

your attention to any females known known. To her he found means to get “ and distinguished for their piety ?himself introduced, and to recommend " Never." « Strange! do not you himself to her notice, began a conversation 16 conceive, that such a disposition, that he thought was suited to her difpo- ” if sincere, must prove an infallible fition. As me seemed to have as little « security againft the faults and failings relish as himself for fashionable gaieties, " which fo juftly offended you in the sebe made no mention of those, but expa- “ veral objects, on whom you had fixed tiated with the rapture that he felt on the your choice ?"-6 I know not.”. beauties of Nature, and the wisdom of its “ Would not a principle that enjoins hu

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