Imágenes de página
PDF
ePub
[ocr errors]

young man may not seduce, if he unjustly, from the misrepresentations pursues a proper method. They will of those who ought to be their moft tell you that nothing is necessary but ftrenuous advocates and defenders.

, to assume the character and dispolition

Our modern ladies are not more cul. of each whom you address. " Read,” pable in respect to their amours than say they," with the woman of learn- the Roman, and perhaps they are less *ing ; frolic with the romp; dance so, since the generality of them have or with those who are fond of dancing, not that austerity of manners, and es and you may rest assured, that in firmness of character, which distinus three or four visits you will fully guished the latter, and which seem “accomplish your end." All this little calculated to inspire love, or to may, in a great measure, be true; rouse the tender passions.

We must but there are some women whose allow, indeed, that if we consult the virtue is so strongly marked in their annals of Doctor's - Commons, and phyfiognomy, that with a single look those of the court of King's-Bench, they can damp the courage of the in- we shall find many examples of infifamous betrayer, and, notwithstand- delity and baseness, which we cannot ing his confummate impudence, behold without indigaation and replunge him into the depth of def- gret; but it would be highly unjust, pair. Disappointed in his aim, he and even cruel, on account of the muft then retire like a fool, and, a- profligacy and abandoned licentiousmidst confusion and embarrassinent, ness of what may be called a few in defift from his vain attempt,

comparison of the whole, to throw a By indulging in these reflections, fur upon all the sex, to lessen their we do not pretend to apologize for dignity and consequence, and by this, the levity of the fair sex, nor to plead to deter men from entering into the any excuse for their gallantry, but state of marriage; which the wiser only to prove to the men, that what part of them muft undoubtedly conthey complain of has prevailed at all lider as one of the greatest blessings times and in all countries ; and that given by Providence to alleviate the the ladies too often fuffer, and very miseries of life.

a

a

Abridged Review of remarkahle and interesting Publications.

[To be continued Monthly.]

THI

Memorial Literario de 1788. Lite. Utkast til Suenska Hollans; or, An rary Memoirs of 1788. Madrid. Abstract of the Naval History of

Sweden, by G. Tornquift. Stock His journal, since 1784, has been holm. 2 vols, 8vo.

published without any interrup- THE battle at Hogland having tion. It contains many eslays, the roused again the attention to the Sweutility of which is not confined to dish navy, it affords some pleasure to Spain alone, especially on politics; to- find here a sketch of a naval history gether with a number of accounts, by of that kingdom; which can be the which the progress of the sciences in more depended on, as the author was Spain may in some measure be asoer- admitted to the perosal of the artained; besides many more writings, chives of the kingdom and the adwhich may be deemed of peculiar miralty, together with many more oadvantage to that country.

riginal papers. H2

Ern.

a

Ern. Frid. Car. Rosenmulleri. Phil. of the church of Rusia, and what is

Mag. Scholia in vetus Testamen- taught concerning them. The Russian tum. Pars prima continens Gene- churches, with regard to their intersin et Exodum. 8vo. Leiphg. nal construction, bear a greater fimi.

larity to the Jewish temple than any THIS work is not calculated a- other in Europe ; at leait the holy lone for beginners, but likewise for table or altar is not always expoíed to the generality of those who are either the eye here, as it is in the churches not in the possession of the numerous of the Roman Catholics and Protelbooks necessary to study the Old Tef- tants. The holy of holies is separattament, or are too busy to make use ed from the body of the church by a of them.

partition wall, behind which the holy

table above-mentioned it placed. The Epitome Theolgiæ Christianæ. Fu- doors are opened at certain tinies

turis Doctoribus religionis scripsit only, through which the people inay D. Sam. Frid. Nath. Morus, Th. peep into this holy place : the holy P. Lipf. 1789. 8vo. Leipfic. table stands in the middle of it fac

ing the chief entrance. The partir:on THE greatest requisites in works cal- wall is called Ikenoltas, on account of čulated for instruction, viz. concise- its forming a figured fence, on which ness, with precision and facility of ex- the holy images are found. Laymen, pression, together with the greatest and efpecially wonen, are not admitpurity of language, are excellencies ted here, yet persons of rank are ex. which we find in an eminent degree cepted from ihis rule. It is further in this book.

remarkable, that there are neither pul

pit, baptistery, pews, por galleries, in Kurzer Abriss der Ruffischen Kirche. the Rullian churches. They have

-or, 1 Short Sketch of the Church no sermons in general, and if occa of Russia, with regard to its History, fonally there should be a kind of a Tenets, and Rituals; 8vo. Erfurt. sermon, it is delivered either from

the reading chair, or from the reading, THIS work is divided into three pulpit. There are indeed very often parts.

The first contains A short sermons in the chapel of the court, history of the church of Russia ; in which and a place fomewhat similar to such the author gives us a concise account a pulpit is found there. In case of of the separation of the Greek from necessity, the fontor baptistery is prethe Latin church, the history of the viouily carried into the body of the propagation of the Christian faith in church.

The congregation either Russia, the patriarchat, the exarchat, stand, kneel, or lay down on the floor. the holy directing fynod, and the at- On Wednesdays and Fridays, espetempts made for ecclefiaftical improve- cially in Lent, you will see a number ment, The second part treats the of people kneeling, lying stretched at tenets of the church of Russia, or more full length on the ground, or bowing properly of those which distinguish it. down so low that their doubled fifts We are amazed at the description of and foreheads touch the floor. By the service of the church, or Eucholo. this ceremony religious persons, el gion, which consists of twenty vo- pecially those of the fair fex, distinLumes in folio, of which one con- guish themselves. tains nothing but rules how the rest * Their imagès, when considered as of them must be used.

the productions of art, are beneath all The third part treats of the rites criticism; yet the churches of the

court,

ܪ

2

1

A great

The co

court, of St Peter and St Paul, of feast of 1769, in the prefent reign, a Kasan, and a few more, make an ex- new pontifical dress was made of crimception in this respect, and exhibit son velvet embroidered with pearls, true master-pieces in sculpture. In which was valued at seventy thousand {pite of all the pornp which is display- roubles ; the workmanship alone aed in the churches, their pidures mounted to four thousand roubles, of bear the itamp of crude taste and a which Catharina made a present, togreat funilarity to the paintings we gether with the velvet ; the rest, such see on tie apa: 2nd China ware ; as pearls and other jewels, were ta, their colours are generally laid on ken out of the treature of the convery thick, withou: -frade, and the vent. figures are not founded. Dumber of their images are CO- Aitgemeine Geschichte der Chrift. vered ither with Slver or gold,

lichen Kirche ; or, Universal Hif iu a maaner that Ouly their faces, tory of the Christian Church, in Chrobaads, and feet, are seen.

nological Order ; calculated for the lour of ineir faces is generally of a Use of Academies, 2 vols. 8vo. Swarthy or slivu hue; so that you Brunswick. would wink yourself transported to india; (perhaps this colour is not THE present work not only oc. originc. in cheie irrages, and rather cupies one of the first places among derived from the great number of the essays on the history of the Chriflights and lanıp, used at their cere. tian church, hitherto published, but monies, and fro: the incense, and it is likewise preferable to the best the heating of the churches in severe of them, if not in every, at least in winters). The belis of the Ruffiau many respects. It distinguishes it. churches are blessed, christened, and self particularly from the rest by its bave names given them, after the plan, and the arrangement of facts. manner of the Roman Catholics.

It is commendable, not only for The treasures of the churches are the skilful execution of its well-diLa part very conspicuous. Troitzkoi gested plan, but likewise for the reSergiew Monaftur is the Loretto of maining good properties requisite in Kullia : the coffin of St Sergius, to- an historical treatise. It is

very

rich gether with the canopy over it, and in facts, and contains real history, the four columns by which this cano- and not merely results and reasoning. py is supported, are of native silver. The events are related with exadThe archimandrite has fifteen differ- nefs, fidelity, and without any fpirit ent pontifical robes and mitres, each of party, or admixture of hypotheof which outdoes the other in point fis. The language is very chaste, and of richne's; the mitres are of gold the file concise, noble, and plain. ftudded with pearls; one of them is faid to weigh thirteen pounds, and Charta Papyracea, Graece Scripta, to be decorated with a ruby of the

Musei Borgiani Velitris; qua sevalue of five thousand roubles. The ries incolarum Ptolemaidis Arsiempress Elizabeth presented the con

noiticæ in aggeribus et foflis

opevent with another mitre of the value rantiuro . exhibetur, edita Nic. of fifty thousand roubles, and with a Schow, cum adnotazione critica et panagium (a badge which denotes Palaeographica in textum chartz. the claim to a certain sum) of thirty

1788. 4to. with fix Copper-plates, thousand roubles; this the archiman- Rome. drite wears suspended from his neck by a golden chain. For the Eafter- IN the year 1788, from forty to

fifty

a

a

[ocr errors]

fifty rolls were found in a subterra- laid with a certainty, that it is writneous place at Giza, in Upper E. ten on real Egyptian papyrus..-Its gypt, in the very district where for. antiquity and destination cannot, in. merly Memphis was situated. Thro' deed, be ascertained with any fulness che ignorance of the Turks, who of assurance; yet, with regard to the fmoaked their rooms and lighted latter, it can hardly be doubted, but their pipes with them, they were im- that it belonged to fome archive, mediately destroyed, except one, and consequently stands likewife which had the good fortune to fall single in this respect. As to its aninto the hands of a merchant, from tiquity, the author endeavours to whom the then secretary De Propa- prove, by very learned argumentaganda, and now Cardinal Borgia, ob- tion, that it is a monument of the fetained it, by means of the Román cond century after the birth of missionaries in Egypt. The attempts Christ. As there occur no Christian of decyphering the writing which Dames in it, it may at least with cerwas found on it was for a long time tainty be said, that it is anterior to attended with no success. Theitrokes the times in which Christianity was of the letters were so entwined and introduced into Egypt. uncommon, that they were taken even for Coptic writing, till at last our author, whom we know by his Mineralogische Geographische und edition of the Allegories of Heraclides andere vermischte Nachrichten, Ponticus, fucceeded so far as not only &c. Mineralogical, Geographical, to ascertain that the writing was and other Miscellaneous Accounts of Greek, but also to unravel in full its the Altai Mountains, belonging to the contents. It contains, as the title Russian Domisiions ; by H. M. Rethews, a list of the people employed novanz, chief Inspector of the Mines in the making of dikes and canals on to her Majesty the Empress of Russia. the Nile, in Upper Egypt, whose Dames, descent, and profession, are mentioned in it. This piece, when THIS work contains many valuconfidered as an historical monument, able accounts, which are not merely certainly can joterest the antiquarian intereiting to the geographer and the but very little; but it grows much politician, but likewise more fo to the more important on the other hand, financier and the natural philosopher. by a number of accidental circum- The Korbolichinski mountains are Hances; its destination, antiquity, the source of the wealth of the Kolykind of writing, and the dialect which wan government, and the Smeinoprevails in it, and lastly, by the mat- goriki mines, in the famous Schlanter itself on which it is written. All genberg, have been peculiarly prothese objects have been minutely a- ductive in this century. A German nalysed by the author, partly in the miner, in the service of Mr Demipreface, and partly in the remarks. dow, discovered here the first gold After having explained the monu- and filver ore in the year 1741. He ment itself in the former, he gives thewed his companions a whole hat us a very learned treatise on the E. full of native gold and silver, which gyptian papyrus, and the method of he had picked out ; yet he did not making it; to which this monument divulge his discovery before his agave him not only a natural occasion, greement with Mr Demidow was but also afforded him fufficient mat- ended, when he went to Petersburg ter for new observations ; it being himself.

;

Hence a deputation was the only one, of which it might be sent to the spot in 1745, who opened

the

Reval. 460.

the mine by a new shaft made' on for the accuracy of its parts, the cothe old vein. It is astonishing to herency of its system, the maturity of see the richness of these veins. Be the thoughts, and even for the noblefides the many ochre, lead, and cop-'ness of its execution. Little as the per ore, which contained gold and author himself may think of having filver, they found, and do find now, attained the non plus ultra in this subores of native gold, native corneous ject,, and little as we find ourselves silver ore, vitreous ore, and red inclined to dispute the talents of other filver ore. The cornequş silver ore writers, yet we seldom witnessed an was wasted in great abundance, which instance where the latter were attendin former times likewife happen. ed with the success so necffary to ed in Saxony; and Mr Rénovanz ex- such an undertaking The greatcited the attention of the owners est talents would not have been 'ato this subject in the year 1784. dequate to the grand and extensive From the ores of the Altai moun- survey which the author appears to tains fix hundred and eighty-fix pud, have made of the immense number of fixteen pounds, forty-nine folotnich objects which he has selected from the (twenty-seven thousand four hundred result of the molt laborious and miand fifty-fix pounds eight and one- nute enquiry, and which he has apfixth ounces) of pure gold have been plied to the arrangement of an apparseparated, from the year 1745 to

ent chaos of forms, had they not 1780.

met with the most extraordinary enThe smelting of the ores has in couragement, and been attended with former times been treated with very the advantage of many years

of leisure, little attention ; for the author says, Besides the contributions which the that two hundred and fixteen pud, author derived from the botanical thirty-five pounds (eight thousand garden at Leyden, the generous affiftfix hundred and seventy-five pounds) ance of Sir Jofeph Banks deserves

. of filver were separated from the re- the thanks of every botanist, as well jected dross, from the year 1769 to

as those of our author, who has

very 1784. Notwithstanding this, the se- properly dedicated his work to this venteen million pud of pounded ore, ingenious gentleman, whose extensive till the year 1783, produced a gain and choice collection stood open for of two million eight hundred and the use of this work; the author was eighty-six thousand roubles. Of what even permitted to diffect some of the importance the Schlangenberg is at single and rareft plants to make his this time, we may conjecture by the observations the more complete. This number of hands employed, who are liberal assistance here proved its own said to amount to four thousand one reward. All the different perfections, hundred and eighty-fix.

for which the best botanists deserve.

the thanks even of our descendants, Josephus Gartner, M. D. Acad. Imp. seem to be united in this work.

Scient. Petrop. Memb. & Reg. Soc. Lond. Sodal. De Fructubus Joh. Fred. Blumenbachii. Prof. Med. & Seminibus Plantarum. Accedunt Ord. M. Brit. R. a Consil. aul. Seminum Centuriæ quinque priores &c. Specimen Physiologiæ compacum Tabulis LXXIX. 1788, 4to ratæ inter animantia calidi SanStutgard.

guinis vivipara et ovipara. C. Fig.

1789. 4to, Gottingen. THE present work stands eminently fingular in its kind, for the amazing PHYSIOLOGY stands already highly extent and the richness of the whole, indebted to Mr Blumenbach for his

former

« AnteriorContinuar »