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State of the BAROMETER in inches and decimals, and of Farenheit's THER
MOMETBR in the open air, taken in the morning before fan-rise, and at noon; and the quantity of rain-water fallen, in inches and decimals, from the 30th of Dec. 1989, to the 30th of January 1790, near the foot of Arthur's Seat.
Thermom. Barom. Rain. Weather.
M. 1789 Dec.31
Clear. .:799 Jan., 1
Ditto. 42 45 30.05
Ditto. 39 47 29.93
Ditto. 9 40 44 29.85
37 36 38 38
THIS castle is situated about seven miles south of Edinburgh, it is built
apon a rock, and the only access to it formerly was by a draw-bridge; but, when the castle was last repaired, a stone bridge was built as a more commodious entry. Ek water passes within twenty yards of the bottom of the rock.
It was built by William Sinclair, prince of Oldenburg, Earl of Orkney and Caithness, Lord Chancellor, and Lord Admiral of Scotland, the greatest fubject for wealth and power in this kingdom, in the reign of king James II.
He also built Rollin chapel, the most entire religious houfe in Scotland. The castle went to ruin before the Reformation. It was in
rebuilt in the reign of king James VI. and that part has lately been repaired, and a few apartments in it are still habitable.
To this place crowds of the inhabitants of Edinburgh resort during the summer time, to regale themselves with strawberries, and other fruits, which are found here in great perfection.
Roslin derives its name from Ros (a promontory) and Lin (a water-fall) as the promontory of the water-fall.
Extract of Lieutenant Watts's Narrative of the Return of the Lady Penrhyn
Transport; containing an Account of the Death of Omai, and other interest
ing Particulars, at Otaheite tON
N arriving at Otaheite, their nifies Friends; and · Patri no Tutti,'
first care was naturally to pro- Cook's ship; and, bringing in very cure some refreshments, and it was great plenty cocoa-nuts, bread-fruit, a pleasing circumstance for them to plantains and taro, and a fruit known see the natives flock round the ship, by the name of the Otaheite apple; Gylling out, "Tayo, Tayo,' which lig- they also brought some hogs and fowls.
All † From Phillip's Voyage to Botany Bay.
All the Indians appeared glad to see pleasure in recounting his route in
his memory the names of the several
ccurred to Mr Watts, that, when of Captain Cook, drawn by Webber, here in the Resolution, Taha, the in 1777. Notwithstanding so much Chief of that district, threatened some time had elapsed since the picture thing of the kind in a quarrel with was draws, it had received no injury, O'too, and probably smothered his and they were informed that O'too resentment only for a time, fearful of always carried it with him wherever Captain Cook revenging it, should it he went. After the first falutations come to his knowledge. The next were over, Mr Watts asked O'too day, Oediddee agreeably furprised to accompany him to the thip, to them with a visit on board : he was which he readily agreed ; but previgreatly rejoiced to see them, and en- ously to his entering the boat he orquired after all his friends in a very dered the portrait in, and, when he affectionate manner : He took great got alongside the ship, be observed
the fame ceremony. When on board main where he was, as in cafe of ne. he appeared much pleased, alked after cessity he could put to sea instantly. his old friends, and was very particu
O'too was always accompanied by lar in his inquiries after Capt. Cook. a woman, whose advice he asked
upHe visited the ship between decks, on every occafion; she was by no was astonished to see so few people on means handsome, neither did she pof-. board, and the greatest part of them fess that delicacy, or those engaging in a debilitated state, and inquired if manners, that so much distinguish her they had lost any men at sea. He country women in general : she was of acquainted them with the revenge the Earree class, and seemed to have taken by the Eimeo people, and asked great anthority; but whether or no why they had not brought out some he was his wife they did not learn, cattle, &c. He also mentioned the though Mr Watts was rather inclindeath of Omai, and the New Zealand ed to think they were married, and boys, and added, that there had been he appeared to be greatly attached to a skirmifh between the men of Ulia- her. The King and all the Chiefs tea and those of Huaheine, in which were very urgent for Captain Sever the former were victorious, and that to go to Eimeo and revenge their a great part of Omai's property was quarrel, and several of them offered carried to Uliatea. O'too was con- to get a stock of provisions and acfiderably improved in his person, and company him; however, to this re. was by much the best made man of quest he gave a positive refusal. A. any that they saw; nor was he, as bout three days before they quitted yet, disfigured by the baneful effects Matavai Bay, O'too brought the ring of the ava. He preserved his original of an anchor on board, observing it character in fupplying the fhip with might be made into small hatchets ; provisions of every kind in the moft Mr Watts, upon examining it, recolliberal manner ; and, when any of the lected that it certainly belonged to natives who had come from a con- an anchor which Captain Cook bought fiderable distance, begged his inter- of Opooni, at Bola Bola, in 1777: cession with them on board to take as there was no forge on board the their hogs, &c. off their hands, which, Lady Penrhyn, the Captain offered on account of the few people they O'too three hatchets for it, which he had, they were often obliged, much readily took. When Captain Cook against their inclination, to refufe, he bought the anchor just mentioned, was very moderate : indeed, he ge. it wanted the ring and one of the nerally left the matter to themfelves, the palms, and, at that time, they and whenever he undertook to dispose knew that it had been carried from of another person's property was al- Otaheite, and belonged to Monf. ways well paid for his trouble. Du- Bougainville : bow O'too came by ring their stay at Otaheite, he daily the ring Mr Warts could not learn, paid them a visit, and importuned the but, had he possessed it wheo the ReCaptain very much to move the ship solution was here, it is reasonable to into the Resolution's old birth : where suppose he would have brought it to she then lay, she was nearly in the fitua. Captain Cook, and the more fo, as at tion of the Dolphin on her first anchor. that time the natives ufed to bring ing; and, though at some distance many large pieces of iron (which they from the watering-place, yet, con- had obtained from the Spaniards) to fidering the small number of people be either worked up or exchanged on board, and their weak situation, for trinkets. Though from the seathe Captain judged it prudent to re son of the year they had reason to
expe&t a scarcity of vegetables, yet was their avidity to obtain batcheis, they were agreeably farprised to find knives, &c. that every produce the them in the greatest plenty and pro- illand afforded was purchafed at very fusion; bogs were multiplied amaz- reasonable rates, nor were the first ingly, and, from the proceedings of prices given attempted to be altered the natives, Mr Watts was induced during their stay. Belides hatchets, to think they were desirous to thin knives, and nails, the natives were them, as they brought pone to barter very desirous to have gimlets, files, but fows, and the greatest part of and fciffars; they also alked for lookthem were with pig; fowls were ob- ing - glasses, and white transparent tained in tolerable plenty, but they beads, but of these latter articles they were all cocks, and old; the natiyes had none on board : red feathers, likewise brought goats alongside for which had formerly been held in sale, and some of them brought cats great esteem, were now of no value ; and offered them in barter. Captain they would accept them as presents Sever purchased a fine male and milch indeed, but would not barter any one goat with two kids.
article for them. Cocoa-nuts are a never-failing ar
As their situation was not a very ticle at this place, and the bread- eligible one, Mr Watts did not think fruit, which was fo scarce when the it prudent to go any great distance Endeavour was here at the fame sea- from the ship, or even to be much on Son of the year, was now exceeding- shore, so that he was prevented from ly plentiful, and in high perfection, as gaining much information, or seeing was the Otaheite apple; plantains, into many matters that might have both ripe and green, and taro, the enabled him to judge whether the patives brought in great quantities, whole of their report respecting Omai, but yams and sweet potatoes' were and the loss of his property, &c. was very scarce. They purchased seven true or not; however, he was inor eight dozen of pumkios, and a clined to think that the cattle and quantity of chilipods, which were all the animals were killed, except some of the produce of the Resolu- goats, as Oediddee, when he confirmtion's garden, and one of the Indians ed the revenge of the Eimeo people, brought some cabbage leaves on board, never mentioned that any one anibut the cabbages, as well as fundry mal was faved: goats, indeed, had other vegetables, were gone to ruin been left on former voyages, and, for want of proper care and attection. from increase, had become the proThe natives could not be enticed to perty of many, but Maheine's refenteat any of the pumkins, and the chili- ment, it seems, was levelled at O'too pods they said poisoned them. only. It already has been observed, that
Great numbers of the natives had no ship of any nation had visited this been carried off by the venereal difisland since Captain Cook, and, from ease, which they had caught from appearances, the iron which the na. their connections with the crews of tives obtained at that time was pretty the Resolution and Discovery ; nor well exhausted, as the only iron now were the women so free from this seen was the blade of a table-knife; complaint as formerly, especially the neither did they bring any tools on lowest class, the better fort seemingly board to be sharpened, which cer. not wishing to hazard the catching tainly would have been the case had so terrible & disorder. they been possessed of any, and such