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ed from approaching within several excise, stamps, and incidents, for the first yards, by the quantity of broken pieces week in each year. The following is an of ice, and the torrents of water descend, authentic account of the totais, for the ing from its surface.

weeks ending Jan. 9, 1789, and Jan. 8,

1790, as delivered in at the Exchequer ENGLAND.

on Friday: The following is an authentic ftate.


1790. ment of the furplus of the four last quar


L. ters over the correlponding ones of the Customs, 19,735 O 3 58,068 08 preveding year, according to air account Excise, -58,928 0 101,628-00 made up at the Exchequer on Monday: Stamps, 15,656 oo 21,618 OO Quarters ending L.

Incidents, 18,531 1 4 68,151 12 6 April 5, 1789, 360,290 15

L. 152,850 1 7 249,465 13 2 1,415-431 Jali. 5, 1790, 221,575

The increase in the revenue for the

week ending 8th January, 1790, above Total. 2,442,478 180 the corresponding week in 1789, is or near Two Millions and a Halj? Ninety-Six Thousand, Six Hundred and

On a comparative review of the totals Fisteen Pounds! for the two last years, there is 10 very The tobacco Excise act, besides, the confulerable a surplus of the former over very great revenue it is found to produce, the latter, besides paying off the ulual has already almost totally put a stop to million of debt, as to warrant a hope, the smuggling of that arricie. that the the may be at no great distance, It is with great fatisfaction we observe, when we shall witness a confiderable dio that while many nations have lately been minution of our national burdens. deluged with blood, or torn in pieces by

'This increase of the revenue is one of civil discord, Great Britain, and her dea the most pleasant circumstances of the pendencies, have enjoyed, and are likely present times. In former days, receivers to enjoy, peace and tranquillity; their fiand collectors had the use of the public nances improving, and their trade and money long enough to propole private manufactures flourishing in a degree hibargains, and became bankers of the na- therto unknown. tion's cath for their own emolunient; The philanthropic Mr Howard was on now the channels through which the no. the 17th of November, in perfect health ney pasies to the Treasury, are so imme, at Cherson in Little Tartary, in his way diate and so few, that after payment of to Turkey, visiting the Ruffian Military the necessary expences in receiving, the and Naval Hospitals in that neighbours public chefi suffers no dec!uction: add hood, after having inspected those of Rio to all this, the immediate obligation of ga, Cronstadt, &c. which he found in the paying in what is collected at a very ear. moft dreadful state of neglect, througlı iy day after the sums are due ; and more. which at least 70,000 foldiers and sailors over, the itrict and relentless exertions of are said to have perished in the last year bringing old public defaulters to ac only.

Jan. 16. Such is the uncommon mildIt is a fact, that after the day where nels of the present season, that a thrush's on the several taxes become due froin neil was found last Monday, in Atwood's the receivers, that is, when they are to gardens, St George's Fields, in which be supposed to have made all their col

were four young birds almost fledged. lections, the minister fends for the ba- Many rose trees have budded, and sevelance, and with great urgency requires ral cherry trees in the neighbourhood of immediate payment. Every collector, Walworth are full blown. therefore, must be ready, and every Almost every day produces fresh inhundred pounds due to the revenue mult stances of the uncommon mildness of the be paid in.

feafond blackbird's neft, with four Much as the revenue of last year ex- eggs, was taken on Christmas-day, near ceeded that of the preceding one, the year Lord Harcourt's, at Nuneham, in Ox1790, yet in its infancy to be fure, pro- fordshire; another, with young ones, in miles a more abundant fow of wealih Salvey Foreit ; and several sparrows and into the national treasury, if an opinion finches nests have been found in different may be formed from the comparative parts, completely built as in summer, ant statement of the produce of the cultons, with eggs in theu. The nightingale




fung laft week in Sussex, and a tMr Ad- conjectures are given, for its suppression ney's villa, Lidney Wood, in Leicester. the most plausible of which is, that it fhire.

touched with too much freedom upon Jan.16. On Thursday his R. Highness the Revolutions abroad, and upon contiPrince Edward, their Majesty's fourth nental politics. fon, arrived in town from Geneva. On It is not a little remarkable, that the notice of his arrival being sent to Carle- London Gazette has been, for some time, ton-house, his Royal Highness the Prince totally filent respecting the French Re. of Wales immediately waited upon him, volution, and not a fingle word has been and returned with his brother to Carle': faid in it about the revolution in the ton-house, where they breakfasted, and Austrian Netherlands. afterwads paid a visit to their Royal brother, at York-house.

Houfe of Lords. His Royal Highness Prince Edward's Jan. 21. This day at noon the King came arrival in England was extremely unex- from Buckingham House to St James's pected, his Majesty having had no pre- Palace, in his private coach, where he vious intimation of it. He takes up his had a private Levee; after which, his residence for the present at Carleton- Majesty went in ftate to the House of house. His Highness's sudden return is Peers, where the Commons being sent variously spoken of.

for, his Majesty opened both Houfes of Birih-Day.

Parliament, with the following moft Jan. 19. Yefterday being the day ap- gracious Speech from the Throne : pointed for the celebration of her Majefty's Birth-Day, a very splendid Court My Lords and Gentlemen, was assembled at St. James's. The draw- Since I last met you in Parliament, the ing-room began at half past two, at continuance of the war on the Continent, which their Majesties were both present, and the internal condition of different and which therefore rendered it ( if we parts of Europe, have been productive may use the expresfion) the most perfect of events which have engaged my most birth-day since June 1788--The Royal ferions attention. presence seemed to diffuse peculiar joy and While I fee, with a just concern, gratification through the whole circle; the interruption of the tranquillity, of nor would it, we will venture to fay, other countries, I have at the same time have been decreased, if all the Princes great satisfaction in being able to inform had honoured the Court with their pre. you, that I receive continued assurances fence. The Prince of Wales only was of the good difpofition of all foreign there, with case and vivacity which in- powers towards these kingdoms; and I chanted all--The Dukes of York and am persuaded that you will entertain Clarence, we fear, are not sufficiently re- with me, a deep and grateful sense of covered from their late illness, Various Providence, in continuing to my subjects reasons are given for the absence of Prince the increasing advantages of peace, and Edward. The three Princesses, however, the uninterrupted enjoyments of thote added as usual to the Royal Assemblage. blessings which they have to long derived

The following are some of the many from our excellent conftitution. nobility present : His Royal Highness the Duke of Gloucester, his Royal High- Gentlemen of the House of Commons, ness the Duke of Cumberland, his Serene I have given directions that the esti, Highness the Duke of Orleans. Arch- mates for the present year should be laid bishop of Canturburry, the Archbishop before you, and I rely on your readiness of York, Mr. Pitt, Dukes of Richmond, to grant such supplies as the circumLeeds, Dorset, and Montague. Marquis ftances of the several branches of the fes of Stafford, Salisburry, Bath, Wor. public service may require. cester, and Graham. Several Bishops, foreign ministers, &c. &c.

My Lords and Gentlemen, The Lord Chancellor was not at Court, The regulations prescribed by the act yesterday, though his Lordship is faid of the last Sessions of Parliament, relative to be in good health.

to the Corn Trade, not having been carThe Court dresses had one great recom- ried into effect in several parts of the mendation; they seemed all of our own kingdom, there appeared reason to apmanufacture, with very few exceptions. prehend, that such an exportation of Corn

roosa Ode for the New Year was not might take place, and such difficulty pertormed, 'as was expected. Various arise in the importation of Foreign Corne

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as would have been productive of the verdict, and unanimously fentenced the most serious inconvenience to my sub.. prisoner to be hanged at the common jects. Under these circumstances, it ap- place of execution, upon Wednesday peared absolutely necessary to take im- the 24th of February, Lord Hailes promediate and effectual measures for pre- pounced the judgment of the Court with venting the exportation, and facilitating much feeling the importation of particular forts of 12. On Friday the Lord Provoft, Magi. corn; I therefore, by the advice of my ftrates and Council of Edinburgh voted Privy Council, issued an order for that a piece of plate of fifty guineas value to purpose ; a copy of which will be laid Dr Cullen, as a teftimony of their respect

for his distinguihed merits and abilities, “I have only further to dofire, that you and his eminent service to the University will continue to apply youfelves to those during the period of thirty-four years, in objects which may require your atten- which he has held an Academical Chair. tion, with the fame zeal for the public On the plate will be engraved an inscripservice which has hitherto appeared in tion expreffive of the high sense the Maall your proceedings, and of which the giftrates, as patrons of the Univertity

effects have been so happily manifefted have of the merit of the Professor, and by an increase of the public revenue, the of their efecm and regard, extension of the commerce and manufac- 15: A meeting of the 'pupils of Dr tures of the country, and the general Cullen was held on Wednesday in the prosperity of my people."

Medical Hall, when an address to the His Majesty having retired, the Com- Doctor was agreed upon, and ordered to mons withdrew.

be presented by the foilowing gentle. In the House of Lords the address was Dr Jachman, Annual Presidents moved by Viscount Falmouth, and secon- Mr Gagahan, and of the Medical ded by Lord Cathcart ; in the House of Mr Gray,

Society. Commons, by Lord Valletort and Mr Dr Black,

Mr Benjamin Bell, Cawthorne.

Dr Gregory,

Dr Jas. Hamilton, Dr Duncan,


Mr Alex. Wood, j Dr Charles Stuart.

A motion was also made, and unaniHigh Court of Justiciary. mously agreed to, that a statue, or some Fan. 12. Yesterday came on before the durable monument of the Doctor, should High Court of Justiciary (Lord Swinton, be erected in a proper place, to perpe. in absence of the Lord Juftice Clerk, be- tuate the fame of the illustrious Proteling chosen President, the trial of Duncan for. The execution of this, and of all Wright, gardener in New Town of neceßary measures for the purpose, was Paisley (a man upwards of fifty years of also committed to the above gentlemen, age) accused at the inftance of his Ma- The Royal Phytical Society have pre. jelty's Advocate of committing a rape sented a very elegant address to Dr Culupon Mary Anne Petrie, of the fame len. The gentlemen who presented it place, a young girl of about fifteen were very politely received by Robert Culyears of age. The Court pronounced len, Esq; Advocate, and Dr Henry Cul. an interlocutor, finding the libel rele- fen (Dr Cullen himself being much indisvant to infer ihe pains of law, and al- posed), and a suitable answer was returnlowing the pannel a proof of all facts cd by Robert Cullen, Esq. tending to exculpation or alleviation. Similar addresses have been presented The trial then proceeded, buç it would by the Hibernian Medical Society, and be inconóftent' with the principles of the American Pix, fical Society of Edin. de ency to enter into the minutiæ of burgh, Such a trial as this. After the evi- EDINBURGH COLLEGE, January 27. de ce was closed, the Lord Advocate

1790. addrosed the Jury, on the part of the The Principal and the Professors of Crown, as did Mr Wight for the prison- the University of Edinburgh, being er. Lord Swintor lummed up the evi- this day convened in SENATUS ACAdeine with great candour, and the jury Demicus, Dr Gregory infoi med returned their verdict this day, finding, them, that in a meeting of the Royal by a great plurality of voices, the pan. Medical Society, and of other Gerile nel Guilty of the crime libelled. The men, the former and present pupils of Judges delivered their opinions upon the Dr Cullen, it had been resoived to crect VOL. XI. No. 61. B


fome durable monument of gratefui re: been proved, and who, he was ready to spect for their venerable instructor ; and acknowledge, formerly enjoyed a chathe Committee appointed for carry, racter for honesty and integrity inferior ing this determination into execution, to none in that part of the country where thinking a conspicuous place in the New he refided. He hoped, therefore, the College would be most proper for that present trial would convince the public purpose, he was empowered to request, at large, that however elevated the stain their name, the consent of the SENA: tion, or respectable the character of any TUS ACADEMICUS.

person might be, neither his station nor The members of the SENATUS ACA- character would protect him from punishDEMICUS, thoroughly acquainted with ment, when he presumed to transgress the eminent and various talents of their the laws of his country. His Lordship illuftrious Colleague, and sensible how spoke upwards of an hour. much there have contributed towards The Hon. Dean of Faculty followed increasing the reputation of the School the Lord Advocate on the part of the of Medicine in this University, unani- pannel. His cxordium was in the highmously expressed the warmest approba- eft degree pathetic and affecting, partition of this resolution; and they have culariy when he took notice of the unno doubt that their Honourable Patrons, blemisheu, and even admired character who, with their usual attention to the of his client, as well as of the venerable welfare of the University, have already appearance his person exhibited. The given a public and honourable testimony Dean, in a speech of two hours, went of the eftimation in which they hold over the proof with his usual faccuracy the genius and merit of Doctor Cullen, and acuteness, and endeavoured to show will readily concur with them in granting that there was not a veftige of evidence whar is defired. And the SENATUS on which the Jury could bring in a verACADEMICUS directed their Secretary, dict against the pannel. The evidence to furnish Dr Gregory with an extract of of Dr Lindesay, he contened, was liathis minute, to be by him communicated ble to many objections ; and without to the Royal Medical Society, and the meaning in the imalleft degree, to imother Gentlemen concerned.

peach his veracity, there was every reaWILLIAM ROBIRTson, Principal. fon to believe he had mistaken one bill

AND. DALZEL, Secretary. for another; and indeed, considering the Jan. 25. Came on before the High multiplicity of bills to which he had adCourt of Justiciary the trial of William hibited his subscription, some of tbem too Wilson tenant in Hareftanes for forgery. without having a date at the time, it

The proof on the part of the protecu- was no wonder he should mistake. tion closed about eight o'clock, and that With respect to the pannel's declaration, in exculpation about nine. The pannel which was said to corroborate Dr Lindebrought the moft amp': proof of good Say's evidence, the Dean .contended, no character, respectability, and usefulness, firess could be laid upon it; for, if one in the country; and endeavoured to fhow, part of the declaration is held as evithat from circumstances he was under dence, fo muft every part; and he no temptation to commit the crime.., insisted, that the bill then upon ihe

The Lord Advocate, in a very a- table, on which Dr Lindesay's name: ble and candid manner, addressed the appears, could not be the bill alluded to Jury on the part of the Crown. His in the declaration, as it was not authenLordship gave up the 75 l. bill, as not ticated in the usual manner by the subbeing proved a forgery against the pan- scriptions of the Sheriff, and pannels nel. The 100l. bill, however, his Lord.. as relative to his deciaration. The Dean, ship contended, was proved a forgery by paid many handfome compliments to the the deposition of Dr Lindesay, fupported Lord Advocate for the candid manner in by the pannel's own declaration, emitted which he had conducted the prosecubefore the Sheriff of Edinburgh. The tion; but infifted, that as his Lordship. iflung aud discounting of it was likewise had failed to. lay before the Jury the fully proved; and therefore, as to that beft evidence possible to be brought, bill, he expected a verdict in his favour, they were not bound to liften to what he

cuid.ine Jury, however, view the, had been pleased to substitute in its fead. matter in a different light, he must The Lord Hailes having with great can. submit, satisfied that he had done his dour and accuracy, summed up the whole duty to his country. He had brought evidence, and given a charge to the Jury, his prosecution against a person who had they were inclofed about one o'clock on


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Tuesday morning. At two o'clock that they had time to run off, and to sink inaftérnoon, they returned a verdict, un- to the ground. The warmth of the air ani.noully finding the libel not proven. in November and December. 1789, is Upon which Mr Wilson was afroilzied much more remarkable than the quanfimpliciter, and dismissed from the bar. tity of the rain that has fallen in that

During the course of the trial, fome year, had there not been a cold and a of the exculpatory witnesses swore, that rainy Autumn. it was a common practice in that part Quantity of rain, in inches and decimals,

which fell last year, near the foot of of the country for persons to fign, acçept, or indorse accommodation bills, Arthur's Seat, from zist December 1788, leaving the dates and sums blank, to be inclusive, to 31st December 1789, ex

clufive : afterwards filled up by their agents, as circumstances might require, Lord

Inch. Decim. fair days, Hoowery. 755

19 Hailes very properly desired the witnef- Jan.

7 ses to warn those persons who had Feb.

March, I

16 IS adopted this absurd custom, against a

I3 17 practice so dangerous and destructives April,

105' and which might be attended with the May worft consequences.



19 The year 1789 having been uncom- August, 1 630

9 monly wet, a correspondent in East- Sept.

040 9 Lothian has favoured us with a diary October, 3 370 7 24 of the weather kept by hirn, from which Nov. 5


it appears
that there were that year,

Fair days,

Days of rain, 186

230 143
Days of Snow, 35

In the year 1789 there have been,
Days of mist,


Of days, clear, 114

Total 365

rain, 191

snow, Monthly Register of the Rain at Glasgow


15 in the year 1789.

hail, Inches. Tenths. Hund. Thous. Jan. 3 9

Total 365 Feb.


9 March, 8 6

Of days, frost,

129 April, 6

temperate, 176 May, 8

warm, 60 June,

8 July, 6 8

Total, 365


Between the ift of Jan. and 12th


7 October, 2

of May, of frost,

103 days 8

Between the 16th of Oct. and Nov. 6 7 3ift December,

26 Dec. 6 5

Total 129 Inches 35

The quantity of rain which fell in the In Jan. the quantity of rain, 4.18 Inch, year 1788 is 15 inches, 7 tenths, 7 hun- In Feb. March, April, May, dred, and 3 thousand parts of an inch and June,

5.535 less than in the year 1789. But 35. 2. In July, August, and Sept. 6.35 0. I. cannot be reckoned much, because In Oct. Nov. and Decemb. 12.34 the average quantity at Glasgow, for twenty years, is nearly 31 inches; and it

Total 28.415 Inch. is the same at Bristol, and all the west N. B. the quantity of rain which fell side of Britain, equally remote from the at Glasgow during the same period. sea, mountains, and lakes. In fome of the hilly parts of Lancashire it is about Quantity at Edinburgh, as a40 inches. During this year the Clyi bove, has been remarkably low, because the rains were gentle ; on which account

Difference, 9


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